Automater method for forest fire localization

FIELD: fire-fighting, particularly for extinguishing forest fires.

SUBSTANCE: method involves burning combustible materials in direction from control line to fire propagation line with the use of remote operated robotic system. Remote operated robotic system includes flame thrower and rotary screw drive, which provides system movement simultaneously with digging control line.

EFFECT: reduced time of fire service response, increased efficiency of fire localization and operational safety.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of fire, in particular to methods of localization of forest fires.

There is a method of extinguishing fires (RF application for invention No. 95121487/12), lies in the visual guidance of the aircraft to the fire and plum ognegasitelem liquid.

The known method is not effective enough in conditions of strong winds, high smoke.

There is a method of localizing a forest fire (RF application for invention No. 96120344/12) by annealing of forest combustible materials, fixed external to the front of the fire boundary annealing using a gas-jet jet flow gas turbine engine.

The disadvantage of this method is that when moving a gas turbine engine along the border strip annealing when large areas of the fires is not expected simultaneous prokopka firebreaks more efficiently, which would have fixed the border annealing.

The purpose of the invention is improving the efficiency and safety of the fire extinguishing process.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the automated method localization of forest fires by annealing of forest combustible materials from the barrier strip in the opposite direction to the front of the fire involves the use of a remotely controlled mobile robot is of the complex, containing a rotary-screw propulsion and a flamethrower, with the aim of ensuring movement and simultaneous barrage band rotary screw digitalisieren three with tilt and rotation at different speeds one relative to the others.

The distinguishing features of the claimed invention in comparison with the prototype is that the method involves the use of a remotely controlled mobile robotic complex containing a rotary-screw propulsion and a flamethrower, with the aim of ensuring movement and simultaneous barrage band rotary-screw propulsion performed three to tilt and rotate with different speeds of one relative to the others.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

in Fig. 1 shows a mobile robotic complex, top view;

in Fig. 2 - side view;

in Fig. 3 - front view.

Used when implementing the proposed method localization forest fires mobile robotic system (RTOS) is a platform 1 located at the sides of the three rotary-screw propulsion (WFD) 2 and flamethrower 3 mounted on the arm 4. The main section 5 of the WFD, located parallel to the platform 1, provides chapters of the second movement of the ITCS. The second section 6 of the WFD related to the main with the possibility of deviation up and down and rotating at a higher speed, provides the soil (prekopavanje) when forming the fire pit. The third section 7 of the WFD - active crown in the form of a cone with cutting edges, rotating at high speed, provides loosening of soil, destruction of hard rocks, roots, etc.

The arm 4 with the appropriate number of degrees of freedom provides in the transport position, the folding flamethrower 3 inside the platform 1, and in the working position and purposeful impact flamethrower. The WFD, the actuators of the manipulator actuators are driven from the power plant, placed inside the platform 1. The sideways movement, rotation, reversal is provided by changing the speed and direction of rotation of the WFD. The tightness of the WFD provides antibioti RTOS, allowing you to move safely and to perform work on any grounds and to overcome water obstacles.

The sensor system (RTOS) provides visualization of the working environment, recognition of obstacles, collecting information for transmission to the control center about the nature and direction of fire spread. The composition of the RTOS includes positioning system GPS (global positioning system) and remote control system.

Opera is passive management MRK kept by the operator from the control center.

Localization of a forest fire on the proposed method is as follows.

When entering the center of the control signal fire and information about its coordinates with base in the area of fire by aircraft delivered RTOS and descend using rope or parachute system. Next MRK their own moves to the specified coordinates of the point. Its front section of the WFD is raised in order to ensure the overcoming of obstacles, such as fallen trees. Arriving at the given point, MRK already lowered the front sections of the WFD starts on a given route around the fire on its motion receiving fire lane in the form of the pit, and simultaneously the ignition of combustible forest materials in the opposite direction to the front of the fire. In the operation of localization of a forest fire can be used several RTOS, which will significantly improve the efficiency and reduce the operation time. After surgery for fire suppression with RTOS in the control center receives radio signals on its location. Followed by evacuation of the ITCS in the database.

The proposed automated method of localization of forest fires reduces the reaction time of the fire services after receiving information about the appearance after the RA, to increase the efficiency of the localization process of a fire and to increase job security.

Automated method of localization of forest fires by annealing of forest combustible materials from the barrier strip in the opposite direction to the front of the fire, characterized in that the method involves the use of a remotely controlled mobile robotic complex containing a rotary-screw propulsion and a flamethrower, with the aim of ensuring movement and simultaneous barrage band rotary screw propellers made three with tilt and rotation at different speeds relative to each other.



 

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Bomb // 2232040
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