Way to drop the plane chemicals for processing plants
The invention relates to aviation means dropping exploding objects. The method is implemented using a pallet intended for placement of powder chemicals and powder explosives in bags on the roller conveyor inside the fuselage of the aircraft. Provides a stabilizing parachute, the straps of the bags on the pallet slings to attach the tray to the stabilizing parachute. To initiate the explosion has a proximity Fuze comprising means for determining the height and the detonator to initiate the above-mentioned charge. The means for determining the height is fixed on the pallet, and the detonator is fixed on said belts. The means for determining the height is intended to determine the height using radio waves. The invention is directed to solving the problems of ensuring the safety of the aircraft and increase the efficiency of the use of chemicals. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.The invention relates to aviation means dropping chemicals.A method of processing plants shock wave that is implemented by dropping the device containing the pallet is designed to razlivochnogo substances on the pallet, sling mounting the stabilizing parachute to the pallet /Patent RF №2171125 And 62 With 3/02, 27.07.2001/.The known method does not allow to scatter in flight chemicals for effects on plants for complete machining of plantations.A known method of spreading chemical defoliant to processing plants on the plantation from low-flying aircraft /U.S. Patent No. 3559930, B 64 D 1/16, 1971/.To implement the method on a plantation a large area you want to execute repeatedly spreading chemicals when flying at a height of less than 50 metersIn recent years the need has arisen aeronautical chemical processing of agricultural lands to eradicate plants containing narcotic substances, thereby reducing the amount of raw material for the illicit manufacture of drugs.A known method of spreading chemical defoliant for processing plants from low-flying aircraft may not be used, because the low-flying aircraft may be subjected to the attack of ground munitions from the armed forces.Increasing the flight altitude of the aircraft spraying chemicals leads to inefficient scattering them the tools to impact on agricultural lands.The invention is also aimed at solving the problem of flight safety of the aircraft and increase the efficiency of use of chemicals.To solve this problem, a method of dispersion in flight chemicals, which consists in spraying chemicals gas flow in the aircraft at high altitudes.The method allows to effectively destroy the plantation of raw materials for drug production in the Bud over large areas and any hard-to-reach areas.Reduction of raw materials will lead to a reduction in drug production.The chemical agent dump together with an explosive charge, at least on two pallets, each of which is equipped with a stabilizing parachute, means forming an electrical signal on reaching a predetermined height and an electric detonator for initiating the explosion of the above-mentioned charge from the above-mentioned signal, and the pallets are dropping with an interval from 1 to 3 s at a height of 6-9 km with roller conveyor placed inside the fuselage of the plane and dropped chemical substance at an altitude of 300-400 m gas flow, resulting in the explosion of the explosive charge.At the height of vysoty over 9 km does not provide the necessary accuracy of exposure.Spreading chemicals gas flow arising from the explosion of an explosive charge, has at altitudes below 300 m impact on small area of the shock wave, and at altitudes above 400 m increases the probability of demolition of the wind flow.Reset pallets range from 1 to 3 corresponds to a decrease in the interval from 100 to 200 m, ensuring the continuity of the treated area.The chemical substance may be a defoliant type of chlorate magnesium or holeksa intended for the destruction of plants used to produce drugs.The chemical substance may be a pesticide intended for the destruction of locusts.The means for determining the height can be made with the possibility of altitude determination using radio waves.Chemical and explosive charge can be Packed in a textile bag or paper bag.To implement the method for scattering in flight powdery substance used transport aircraft, the inside of which has a roller conveyor stops, and the pallets are equipped with a stabilizing parachute and made with the possibility of placing and fixing roller conveyor UE is I and detonator;Fig.2 - scheme of dropping pallets of the fuselage;Fig.3 - scheme of spreading chemicals shock wave.Powdered chemical defoliant and powder explosives Packed together in textile bags 1, the dimensions of which are selected with regard to the size of the pallet 2.On each tray 2 (Fig.1) there are two pairs of belts 3 commit bags 1, the stabilizing parachute 4, lines 5 to attach the pallet 2 to the stabilizing parachute 4, the proximity fuse with the radio 6 as a means of forming electrical signal reaches a set height and the electric detonator 7 for initiation of explosive substances in textile bags 1.Each pallet 2 stack eight sacks 1.The means 6 for generating electric signal of the desired height is fixed to the pallet 2 by means of bracket 8, and the electric detonator 7 is installed in the Central part of the strap 9, the ends of which are respectively mounted on one pair of belts.For the destruction of poppy plantations in remote areas on the roller conveyor inside the fuselage landing transport aircraft IL-76 ustanavlivat pallets 2 bags 1 is fixed with the help Rascani locks 10 tie-down device on the roller conveyor.In accordance with the problem to be solved, the height of the flight of aircraft over the plantation to plant poppy appointed at a height of 7 km.Serial reset from a height of HRBUpallets 1 (Fig.2,3) carried out along the length of the plantation when the transfer of aircraft on the flight path anglepitch of about 15 degrees for non-stop moving pallets 2 under the force of gravity on the roller table.The distance Z is equal to from 100 to 150 m, is provided at the discharge pallet 1 with intervalapproximately two seconds.Outside the cargo ramp of the aircraft is put into operation stabilizing parachute 4, allowing to Orient the radio altimeter 6 in the direction of the surface of the plantations.At a given altitude HC350 m radio 6 generates an electrical signal to the detonator 7.Explosion charges in the bags 1 on each pallet 2 on the plantation (Fig.3) you can cause damage to the leaves of individual plants poppy shock wave on the ground in diameter To the surface and spray on the pad diameter L defoliant that have a negative effect on the growth of new leaves.Depending on the situation can vary the height of the discharge and smosna to handle approximately 500 hectares of poppy plants without damage to the soil for use under useful crops.
Claims1. The method of spreading the plane of chemical substances, which consists in spraying chemicals gas flow in the aircraft, characterized in that the chemical substance is discharged together with the explosive charge, at least on two pallets, each of which is equipped with a stabilizing parachute, means forming an electrical signal on reaching a predetermined height and an electric detonator for initiating the explosion of the above-mentioned charge from the above-mentioned signal, and the pallets are dropping with an interval from 1 to 3 s at a height of 6-9 km with roller conveyor placed inside the fuselage of the plane and scatter the chemical substance at the height of 300-1000 m gas flow, resulting in the explosion of the explosive charge.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the chemical substance is a defoliant, intended for the destruction of plants used to produce drugs.3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the chemical is a pesticide intended for the destruction of locusts.4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the means for determining the height is intended to determine viag explosives are located together at least one textile bag or a paper bag.
FIELD: fire-fighting equipment, particularly for localizing fire appeared in process orifices, for instance during coloring large articles or on stage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using elastic fire barrier formed as dropping curtain device for fire localization. Device for above method implementation performs curtain movement in several modes. Device structure is so that device protects maintenance staff or actors present in working area from injuries during heavy curtain motion. Screen has door located in lower part thereof to evacuate people from dangerous area by rescuers or for people self-evacuation.
EFFECT: possibility of injury prevention, prevention of hazardous products escape from fire site, provision of seal between screen and frame when process opening is fully closed.