Device for fire extinguishing
The invention relates to techniques for fire suppression and can be used for fighting forest fires in areas that are impassable for vehicles, but where the air technique is not sent due to small distances. The preemptive scope of the proposed method is a strip of woodland with a depth of several kilometers along the roads (highway, rural, timber, rides, and so on), edge of forest, streams, rivers, and small lakes. The objective of the invention is to improve the reliability of the extinguishing of forest fires and the safety of the suppression of forest fires, reduce (reduce) the cost of activities associated with fighting forest fires. The technical result consists in the use of ground-based devices and available substance for extinguishing fire - water. Device for fire extinguishing contains at least three jet engines, which are symmetrical to each other relative to the vertical axis and combined into blocks, with each block of the engine is connected with a flexible vertical pipe, which is connected with a flexible horizontal pipe, and a horizontal line through the feed pump connected to the water source, while the power cable of each digerati are electrogeneration (EGRD) engines, and the source of the water is natural and (or) artificial reservoir or tank truck. Pipeline to EGG water and power supply. EGG create the jet stream and the rise of flexible pipelines in the air, pulling them into the fire zone and simultaneously spraying water over the hearth fire, 2 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.
The invention relates to techniques for fire suppression and can be used for fighting forest fires in areas that are impassable for vehicles, but where the air technique is not sent due to small distances. The preemptive scope of the proposed method is a strip of woodland with a depth of several kilometers along the roads (highway, rural, timber, rides and so on), edge of forest, streams, rivers, and small lakes.
A known method for localizing and extinguishing of fire, consisting in the use of tent roof, which creates a gas-dynamic flow directed to the fire from the top down, with gas-dynamic flow neutral to fire or contains a fire extinguishing substance and has a cone shape, which covers the area of the fire, and gas-dynamic flow serves the Central part of the fire, and the ZAT the heat increase in the area of gas-dynamic flow, when this gas stream has a fixed position overlapping one or more of the parties to the square of fire and gas flow consistently and continuously passes the entire area of the fire with fixation overlap one or more sides of the square fire (RF Patent No. 2130793, IPC And 62 With 3/00 - equivalent).
This method roads, because it requires the use of aviation equipment (helicopters) for its implementation. The method is limited in application and can not be effectively employed for extinguishing forest fires, because it is not possible to extinguish the grassroots pockets of fire, but only knocks or mutes a raised flame and once it is applied, grassroots pockets will cause re-ignition of grass and forest. When using manned helicopters there is a risk of accident and danger to the lives of pilots and operators, because people and technology have to work directly over the hearth fire in smoke-filled space with limited visibility.
A device for extinguishing of forest and steppe fires, containing a container of fire extinguishing composition, which has more capacity and a platform for mounting thereto, for example from the bottom of the containers, means for attaching the platform to the helicopter, with the platform section of the flask is made of lightweight non-metallic material, forming in the explosion damaging shrapnel and explosive charge placed in the hull of the vessel on its axis in the upper part or immersed in the fire extinguishing composition, over-charge is the compaction of a granular material having a bulk density greater than that of the fire-extinguishing composition, and the weight ratio of the explosive charge and the fire extinguishing composition is between 0.1 and 0.3, and the charge associated with the originating device; an explosive charge enclosed in a sealed casing of non-metallic material in the form of a parallelepiped or polygon, or drive, or hemisphere with the lower part of the elastic film; the module has a sectional shape of a triangle; the platform is made of rods or pipes or channels; as an extinguishing agent use water or water with a foaming agent, and the housing has in the upper part of the spherical solid material, and an explosive charge has the form of a disk or plate, or blustery facing convex side down (Patent RF №2078600, IPC And 62 With 3/08 - equivalent).
The use of this device is associated with significant financial costs, because it requires the use of expensive aviation equipment (helicopters) for delivery of the device to the fire place and use for the VA (BB), because its application requires special precautions during storage and use of EXPLOSIVES. When using manned helicopters for delivery and use of this device directly above the fire there is a risk of an accident helicopter and danger to the lives of pilots and operators, because people and technology has to work in very difficult conditions directly above the fire in smoke-filled space with limited visibility.
The prototype is fire helicopter is equipped with a generator high-speed gas-dynamic jet, made in the form of jet engine that is installed inside the aircraft with the direction of the output nozzle of the engine down at an angle relative to the vertical axis of the helicopter, and the helicopter has at least two jet engines mounted on the outside of the aircraft is symmetrical to its longitudinal axis, with the longitudinal axis symmetrical with respect to each other engines that are located on different sides of the helicopter, parallel or form an acute angle at the top point of their intersection, and the engines can be removable and replaceable, jet engines or the output nozzle to change Pology and (or) concentration of jet engines equipped with fixed or adjustable nozzles (application No. 2000116845, IPC And 62 With 3/02 - prototype).
The disadvantages of the prototype is similar to the disadvantages of analogue: this is the use of expensive equipment (helicopter), as well as the use of gas-dynamic jet not containing fire extinguishing substances.
The objective of the invention is to improve the reliability of the extinguishing of forest fires and the safety of the suppression of forest fires, reduce (reduce) the cost of activities associated with fighting forest fires.
The technical result consists in the use of ground-based devices and available substance for extinguishing fire - water.
This object is achieved in that the device for fire extinguishing contains the generator, made in the form of removable and interchangeable jet engine with the direction of the output nozzle of the engine down at an angle to the vertical axis, the device contains at least three jet engines, which are symmetrical to each other relative to the vertical axis and combined into blocks, with each block of the engine is connected with a flexible vertical pipe, which is connected with a flexible horizontal pipe, and a horizontal line through the feed pump connected to the water source, while the power of each engine is connected to a block is passed engines are electrogeneration (EGRD) engines.
The task is achieved by the fact that the source water is a natural and (or) artificial reservoir or tank truck.
In Fig.1 shows a diagram of the deployment and connection blocks EGG to the pipeline of Fig.2 is a block electrogenerating engines (AHRD), top view; Fig.3 is an example of extinguishing a forest fire, and Fig.4 is a diagram of the electric power circuits and control circuits engines.
The device contains blocks 1 EGG consisting of three electrogenerating engine 2, the vertical pipe 3, a horizontal pipe 4, the supply pump 5, the reservoir 6, position 7 marked the flowing water, the fire 8. tank 9 with water, 10 - control cables 11 to the control unit, 12 - magnetic coils, 13-power cable, 14 - power supply, 15 - electrodes of the engine, 16 - electrically operated breakers, 17 - reflector 18 to the outlet (nozzle) of the engine.
All EGG collected in blocks of three EGG located at angles of 120. In the horizontal plane and at angles of approximately 45on the vertical axis. The total number of blocks is limited by the ability of visual management, carrying capacity and the total weight of the pipeline. Approximately the blocks are placed with Sagem, is determined by the depth and length of the strip. The pipeline moves along the road or the edge of the fields, the forests, along the river.
The distance that can rise and unfold pipelines, limited to a zone of direct visibility and control. In the event of a control, for example, on a helicopter distance from a point of deployment can increase substantially. EGG you can start with “the road”. Fuel for cars is far cheaper than aviation fuel, and the amount of fuel for delivery to the place of fire water for the same amount of water is significantly less than the proposed version.
The device operates as follows.
The proposed system consists of flexible vertical pipes 3, one end of which is connected to the blocks 1 electrogenerating engines 2 (AHRD), and the other to a horizontal pipe 4, which is connected to the pump swap 5. The whole system in the simplest, pre-assembled version is stretched on the ground. Blocks electrogenerating engines are installed on supports for vertical orientation.
The water system is supplied from a suitable source 6 (streams, lakes) or from land-based tank 9. With starts in blocks 1 electrogenerating engines and enters each of electrogenerating engines 2 (AHRD), the components of the unit 1 electrogenerating engines. After turning on the booster pump 5 is filled with water all pipes and cavities engines EGG. The control cable 10 from the control unit 11 to the magnetic coil 12 of the motor 2 is energized. At the same time on a power cable 13 from the power source 14 to the electrodes 15 of each motor is operating current. The power source 14 includes an inductive element (not shown) included electrically serially in circuit power engines.
In the initial state, the electrodes 15 of each engine 2 device is activated electrically contacts remotely and electrically controlled breakers 16. When the supply current in the working circuit and the achievement of a residual current of a certain value alternately in sequence to turn on the breakers 16. As a result of breaking the electric circuit of the circuit and the inductive nature of the electrical resistance of the circuit at the contacts of the circuit breaker 16 and the electrodes 15 of the engine 2 there is a short high voltage pulse sufficient to create an electric arc between the electrodes 15 and the initiation of electrohydraulic discharge in the interelectrode prosie 18 and pushes the water out of the engine. The continuity of the stream of water is provided by a dense and continuous contact of the electric arc (discharge region) with water by means of its movement in the interelectrode space with a linear velocity greater than the speed of sound in water. Such movement of the electric arc is provided by the interaction of the arc with the external magnetic field generated by magnetic coils. The electrode system is in a focal region of the collecting reflector. Extending from the electrode system of the shock wave is going in the output hole 18. Water is ejected from the outlet, creating a reactive force.
Gradually include all AGRD, the rise of flexible pipelines 3 and 4 into the air, pulling them into the fire zone and simultaneously spraying water over the hearth fire.
For flexible control of movement in space of the pipeline axis electrogenerating engine 2 to the lifting unit 1 is oriented at angles of 120. In Fig.2 shows the location of the individual electrogenerating engine 2 in lifting the block electrogenerating engines 1 (top view).
Power electrogenerating motors is carried out on the cables from the power supply (electrogene the jet engine 2 from the ground using the control unit 11, the operator controls the lifting process (deployment), moving in the air above the fire, collapse (reduction) of the flying part of the fire suppression system (blocks EGG and flexible pipelines). Emitted from the electro-hydraulic engine water produces fire.
Thus, the application of the proposed method will provide a larger coverage of the burning forest, low overhead, compared with the prototype and will prevent damage to equipment and loss of life, because the hose with the engine stretched over a forest fire without the participation of the people in the hazardous area, i.e. the inventive method combines the benefits of aviation method of extinguishing forest and land irrigation.
1. Device for extinguishing a fire, comprising a generator, made in the form of removable and interchangeable jet engine, with an output nozzle of the engine down at an angle to the vertical axis, characterized in that the device comprises at least three jet engines, which are symmetrical to each other relative to the vertical axis and combined into blocks, with each block of the engine is connected with a flexible vertical pipe, which is connected to flexible is the cable of the power of each engine is connected to a power supply (generator) and management located on the earth.
2. Device for extinguishing a fire under item 1, characterized in that the jet engines are electrogeneration (EGRD) engines.
3. Device for extinguishing a fire under item 1, characterized in that the water source is a natural and (or) artificial reservoir or tank truck.
FIELD: fire-fighting equipment, particularly for localizing fire appeared in process orifices, for instance during coloring large articles or on stage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using elastic fire barrier formed as dropping curtain device for fire localization. Device for above method implementation performs curtain movement in several modes. Device structure is so that device protects maintenance staff or actors present in working area from injuries during heavy curtain motion. Screen has door located in lower part thereof to evacuate people from dangerous area by rescuers or for people self-evacuation.
EFFECT: possibility of injury prevention, prevention of hazardous products escape from fire site, provision of seal between screen and frame when process opening is fully closed.
FIELD: fire-fighting, particularly for extinguishing forest fires.
SUBSTANCE: method involves burning combustible materials in direction from control line to fire propagation line with the use of remote operated robotic system. Remote operated robotic system includes flame thrower and rotary screw drive, which provides system movement simultaneously with digging control line.
EFFECT: reduced time of fire service response, increased efficiency of fire localization and operational safety.
FIELD: forestry, particularly for fighting fires in high-capacity and medium-capacity peat beds.
SUBSTANCE: drainage system includes a number of water drainage channels with control-and-shutoff valves, manifold with drain lines connected thereto and intercepting channel located above drained peat bed and communicated with water inlet. Intercepting channel is provided with control-and-shutoff means to accumulate surface water flow and to create water reserve. Intercepting channel is connected with manifold head part by means of pipeline having valve gate. Manifold is provided with movable partition. Intercepting channel has antifiltering shield.
EFFECT: possibility of fire localization without operation stoppage and without underflooding surrounding territories and, as result, reduced economic losses.
FIELD: fire-fighting equipment, particularly for extinguishing/localizing large-scale and powerful fires, including forest and forest-steppe fires, difficult-to-access fires, namely steep mountains, impassable taiga, jungle or fires close to risk areas (explosive environment or high-temperature areas).
SUBSTANCE: method involves exerting influence of air-blast wave on fire site and applying high-speed jet of air-dispersed fire-extinguishing mixture formed during fire-suppression device explosion. Fire-suppression device comprises vessel with fire-extinguishing composition and dispersing charge. Vessel is provided with structural members providing device operation in service conditions. Structural members are separated from vessel until dispersing charge blasting.
EFFECT: extended range of technical means for fire-suppression device delivery to fire site, reduced time of their preparing to use, prevention of device fragments spreading after device blasting.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: fire-fighting equipment, particularly for peat fire spread prevention.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming intermittent strips; supplying water to intermittent strips and forming wetted area. Wetted area is formed by arranging mole drains along intermittent strip lengths and supplying water to them to moisture peat bed through the whole thickness thereof. To perform preventive water conservation intermittent strip surfaces located above mole drains are loosened for 0.15 - 0.2 m depth and 1.0 - 1.5 m width and intermittent strip surfaces above mole drains in fire vicinity are rolled up. Fire inhibitors are added to water before supplying thereof in mole drains.
EFFECT: increased fire-protective efficiency regardless of peat bed thickness.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: fire fighting equipment with the use of helicopters with rotary propellers, which create powerful descending air flow, particularly to extinguish forest fires.
SUBSTANCE: method involves suspending conical case with fire-extinguishing devices under helicopter and using powerful descending air flow produced by helicopter propellers. If necessary air flow may be mixed with mechanical particles (sand) or chemical additives for extinguishing fires. The case is produced of high-strength and light-weight material to provide case weight of not more than 2 tons.
EFFECT: possibility to use air flow going from helicopter propeller, reduced fuel consumption due to prevention of helicopter usage in shuttle mode, possibility of continuous fire extinguishing, increased helicopter park.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: fire-fighting means, particularly to extinguish ground and crown forest fires and to prevent spreading thereof.
SUBSTANCE: method involves supplying fire-extinguishing gas from turbojet plant compressor nozzle to fire site, wherein gas is directed to burned-out and unburned matter along with simultaneous blowing off thereof in burned-out areas. Gas is delivered through removable compressor nozzle head flattened from both sides thereof. Nozzle head may rotate through 90° to divide fire front into parts to be separately extinguished.
EFFECT: increased efficiency along with reduced danger when extinguishing fire.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: fire-fighting equipment, particularly to combat large-scale fires, including forest and steppe ones, fires in difficult-to-access areas (steep mountains, impassible taiga, jungle) and fire sites located near high-risk objects (highly explosive or high-temperature ones).
SUBSTANCE: device comprises stabilizer and vessel, both formed of thermoplastic material, as well as dispersing charge and fire-extinguishing substance located into vessel. The device also has explosive means and suspension system including cover plate with eyes and members enclosing vessel. Suspension system is connected with stabilizer bottom by means of flexible tie and is provided with releasing mechanism and with members providing forced detaching thereof from vessel.
EFFECT: prevention of scattering fragments of fire-extinguishing device after its operation, increased surface of fire-extinguishing substance contact with burning matter.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: fire protection means, particularly to protect peat beds against fire or to prevent burning of compacted loose combustible materials, particularly pulp and paper industry waste materials.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming channels in peat bed surface in fire-risk areas during winter period; filling the channels and depressions with water; freezing thereof in the channels and depressions to moisten peat bed during water ice thawing. To protect ice against the influence of direct sunlight ice is covered with heat-insulation material, particularly with ground or peat layer. Water is fed from underground horizons located under the peat beds.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
FIELD: fire fighting, particularly movable fire-extinguishing devices.
SUBSTANCE: robotic apparatus comprises system to provide self-defense thereof against fire hazard and means to prevent twisting of fire-extinguishant delivery hose connecting fire-extinguisher with nozzle over the full circular operating range when nozzle is aimed at fire site.
EFFECT: possibility to operate in extreme conditions, increased reliability and simplified structure.
2 cl, 2 dwg