Collapsible wall structure

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: collapsible wall structure includes: top and bottom plates, vertical posts between which rows of modules out of profiled straight elements form panels, heat insulator, and facing plates. Modules are made of glued plywood profile with plywood walls bearing shelves out of bars. Profiled elements are attached in groups of three elements forming equilateral triangles. Side modules are made of straight elements forming right triangle with hypotenuse equal to module side and base angle of 60. Modules and side modules are interconnected, and each module is attached to both facing plates. Each module row consists of top and bottom layers. Module bases in bottom layer of bottom row and module bases in top layer of top row are attached to bottom and top plates, respectively. Vertical walls of side modules are attached to surfaces of respective vertical posts facing them. Glued plywood profile shelves face module centre.

EFFECT: enhanced bearing capability.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to wall wooden building construction for low-rise construction, and can be used in low-rise construction for the construction of wooden houses and outbuildings.

Known collapsible wall construction for low-rise construction, including installed at a distance from one another rack and placed between wall panel installed at each other modules, each of which is made in the form of interconnected longitudinal elements (German patent N 1784746 And 14.12.72).

A disadvantage of the known design is the complexity and difficulty of Assembly, since the assembling process of the modules of considerable size, which requires the use of auxiliary hoisting mechanisms.

Also known collapsible wall structure including top and bottom trim, vertical racks installed at a distance from one another and located between wall panels installed at each other series of modules, interconnected and made of profiled line elements with insulation and cladding slabs (see patent RU No. 2121549 IPC 6 EV 2/70, 1998).

The disadvantage of this technical solution is the significant weight of the structure, the complexity and difficulty is the efficiency of the Assembly, when carrying out installation in limited spaces, where there is no possibility of assisted lifting mechanisms. In addition, the strength characteristics of the structure is not high enough, as in the direction of top-down and along the wall of the building. All this reduces the operational characteristics of the building, including its resistance to seismic waves of earthquakes.

Solved the technical problem of improving operational performance of a building, constructed with the use of the claimed solution.

The technical result obtained by the solution of the problem, reflected in the improvement in weight and size characteristics of the structure with a relatively small mass of the material used for its manufacture. High load-bearing capacity of the construction, due to the collaboration of all its structural elements in the perception of external loads, and panel work not only as cladding, but also as a bearing (frame element) included in the system frame, actively perceiving the load on the building, thereby relieve the elements of the framework. When forming the basic structural elements in the form of an equilateral triangle allows to minimize the number of sizes of frame elements necessary for formirovaniya with parallel upper and lower edges, from which it is easy to form the panel. In addition there is the possibility of formation of triangular elements of a parallelogram, of any length is a multiple of the size of the basis module, which when using the side of the modules is transformed into a rectangle, whose height allows you to form a rectangular panel of any size.

The problem is solved in that the collapsible wall structure including top and bottom trim, vertical racks installed at a distance from one another and located between wall panels installed at each other series of modules, interconnected and made of profiled line elements with insulation and cladding plates, characterized in that the modules of wall panels made of cleaning profile containing the plywood wall, on which is mounted shelves of bars, with shaped rectilinear elements together by three to education in terms of equilateral triangles, in addition, used side modules, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle with hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module and angles at the base equal to 60, in this case, the modules and the side modules are connected together, and each of these modules scruple is both facing plates, in addition, each row of modules composed of upper and lower layers, the lower layer modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules in the upper layer facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer, while the base of the modules of the lower layer of the bottom row of modules bonded to the lower piping, bases of the modules of the upper layer of the upper row of modules fastened to the upper harness, and the vertical side walls of the modules are fastened with reversed to the surfaces of the respective uprights. In addition, shelves cleaning profile facing toward the center of the module.

Comparative analysis of the characteristics of the claimed solution with the characteristics of the prototype and analogues demonstrates compliance of the claimed solution to the criterion "novelty".

The characteristics of the characterizing portion of the claims, solves the following functional tasks.

Signs indicating that "shaped rectilinear elements made of cleaning profile containing walls made of plywood with fixed shelves, made of bars provide ease of design with a relatively small mass of material having high strength characteristics, this provides an opportunity the broad use of small-diameter wood.

Signs indicating that shaped rectilinear elements together by three to education in terms of the equilateral triangles provide the possibility of forming a stiff (frame) element, thus forming an equilateral triangle allows to minimize the number of sizes of frame elements necessary for the formation of a number of parallel upper and lower edges of which are easy to shape the panel.

The signs that used the side modules, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with the hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module and angles at the base equal to 60" provide the possibility of the formation of the carcass panels is rectangular in plan.

Signs indicating that the modules and the side modules are connected together and each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates provide high structural strength, which provided joint work of all structural elements in the perception of external loads.

Signs indicating that "each row of modules composed of upper and lower layers of modules, while in the lower layer modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules in the upper layer facing down their tops and pin ktrout its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer provides the possibility of the formation of the triangular elements of the parallelogram of any length, multiple of the size of the basis module, which when using the side of the modules is transformed into a rectangle, whose height allows you to form a rectangular panel of any size.

Signs indicating that "the Foundation of the modules of the lower layer of the bottom row of modules bonded to the lower piping, bases of the modules of the upper layer of the upper row of modules fastened to the upper harness, and the vertical side walls of the modules are fastened with reversed to the surfaces of the respective uprights provides reliable fastening of the panels to the building frame and panel work not only as cladding, but also as a bearing (frame element) included in the system frame, actively perceiving the load on the building, thereby relieve the elements of the framework.

Signs of further claims of the invention provide the ability planar contact building structures with each other (when they "work" in the composition of the panels associated with perception and transfer the vertical loads). In addition, it ensures reliable fixation of the heater in the opening of the building structure.

Figure 1 shows the assembled wall structure, figure 2 - section a-a wall structure in figure 3 - main module wall panel; figure 4 - side module wall panel is I.

In the drawings shows a basic module wall panel 1, wall 2, 3 shelves, side module wall panel 4, the inner and outer facing plate 5, the bottom 6 and top 7 tying, vertical rods 8, the upper 9 and lower 10 layers of modules 1 and 4, the heater 11.

Collapsible wall structure includes installed at each other series of modules 1, interconnected and made of profiled line elements. Modules 1 wall panels made of cleaning profile containing a plywood wall 2 on which is fixed shelf 3 of the bars, and fastened by three with education in terms of equilateral triangles, with 3 shelves shaped rectilinear elements facing toward the center of the module 1, which ensures reliable fixation of the heater 8 in the opening of the building structure. In the panel on the side modules 4, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with the hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module 1 and the angles at the base equal to 60. Modules 1 and side modules 4 are fastened to each other and each of these modules is bonded with the inner and outer face plates 5, (e.g., with screws). Each row of modules is composed of upper 9 and lower 10 layers, the lower layer 10 modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up vomi vertices, and the modules of the upper layer 9 facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer 10. While the base of the modules of the lower layer 10 of the lower row of modules 1 and 4 bonded to the lower piping 6, the base of the modules of the upper layer 9 of the top row of modules 1 and 4 are fastened together with the upper harness 7 and the vertical side walls of the modules 4 are fastened together with converted to the surfaces of the respective uprights 8 as well, with screws.

For the manufacture of the walls 2 use plywood brand PSF grade not below/BB GOST 3916.1-89 thickness of 8 and 10 mm For the manufacture of shelves 3, made in the form of bars, use wood not below 2nd grade softwood (except larch) according to GOST 8486-86 with dimensions according to GOST 24454-80, with the corresponding estimated characteristics of the SNP P-25-80. Quantitative parameters of shape defects and machining (pokeronline, the deviation from parallelism of surfaces and edges, wane) must not exceed that permitted for lumber 2nd grade. Through cracks appearing on the face are not allowed. Knots decayed, rotten and tobacco, as well as dead, located on the edges are not permitted.

Shelves 3 are glued along the length of the walls along the longitudinal edges of the walls 2 by means of a toothed compounds according to GOST 19414-90. Performance PR is the case of Flexural strength notched joints shall be not less than: when loading edge (about 33 MPa and not less than 24 MPa), and when loading layer (of the order of 37.5 MPa and not less than 27 MPa).

Then, from the thus formed shaped rectilinear elements form directly to the module 1, which are placed three to education in terms of an equilateral triangle, with 3 shelves line elements facing toward the center of the module 1 and glued together. Also form the side modules 4, shaped rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with hypotenuse equal to the side of the module 1 and the angles at the base equal to 60.

Modules 1 and side 4 modules fasten to each other and each of these modules fasten with internal and external facing plates 5 by means of screws.

Foundation modules 1 and 4 of the lower layer 10 is fastened with the lower piping 6, the base of the modules of the upper layer 9 is fastened to the upper harness 7 and the vertical wall of the side modules 4 fasten with vertical posts 8. The connecting modules 1 and 4 with the top 7 and the bottom 6 of the harness, and between them carried out, for example, with screws.

The heater 11 may be any of those used in the construction. Stack it before sheathing panel facing plates 5, the technology of its installation depends on the type of insulation.

Adhesive joints in structures should be performed on synthetic adhesives, correspond to what they SNiP P-25-80. When this adhesive joints must meet the following requirements:

- the moisture content of the wood parts of the beams before processing protective compounds must be(12+/-3) %;

the thickness of the adhesive layers in the elements of structures shall be not more than 0.5 mm are Allowed plots of thickness up to 1 mm, if their length does not exceed 100 mm, and the distance between them is not less than ten times the length of these interlayers;

- not glued areas are not allowed.

The finished design, if necessary, subjected to a protective and/or decorative treatment to protect them from moisture, biodeterioration, combustion, and chemical corrosion, as well as giving them the necessary aesthetic appearance. These works are carried out on the manufacturer. Protection as possible from one, and from these effects, which is governed by the operating conditions of the structures.

1. Collapsible wall structure including top and bottom trim, vertical racks installed at a distance from one another, and placed between wall panels installed at each other series of modules, interconnected and made of profiled line elements with insulation and cladding plates, characterized in that the modules of wall panels made of cleaning profile, containing the his plywood walls, with fixed shelves of bars, the profiled elements are fastened together by three to education in terms of equilateral triangles, moreover, used the side modules, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle with hypotenuse equal to the side of the module, and the angle at the base, equal to 60, while the modules and the side modules are connected together, each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates, in addition, each row of modules is composed of upper and lower layers, the lower layer modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules in the upper layer facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer, while the base of the modules of the lower layer of the bottom row of modules bonded to the lower piping, bases of the modules of the upper layer of the upper row of modules fastened to the upper harness, and the vertical side walls of the modules are fastened together with addressed to them by the surfaces of the respective vertical columns.

2. Collapsible wall structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the shelves cleaning profile facing toward the center of the module.



 

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