Method to manufacture 3d building element

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to the method to manufacture a 3D building element. The 3D building element is mainly made of plate stocks of material cut by size. Stocks are stage by stage cut from at least one material band, and then connected to each other in the form of a building element.

EFFECT: reduced material consumption.

7 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention concerns a method of manufacturing a three-dimensional construction element mainly made of plate blanks of material, cut to size, each of the workpiece stages cut out from at least one strand of material, and then connect with each other in the form of a building element.

In the construction of wooden structures are increasingly used option for the construction of solid wooden parts. In this embodiment, the walls or the ceilings are made of solid elements made of wood or wood materials. The advantage of this way of working is that the walls or ceilings can be pre-made at the factory in the form of ready assembled together wall or ceiling elements. First, solid wood or wood-based materials are made of several layers of boards or plates, in particular by cross-bonding. In the following steps, according to the plan, these solid blocks-plates cut into solid wood or wood materials.

The usual method of manufacture has drawbacks, in particular when cutting holes, for example, for doors or Windows, because the Windows are made by cutting out solid flat element.

From European patent EP 1992758 A2 from the local described the process of continuous manufacture of modular wall and ceiling elements, floor elements), necessary, for example, to create a cooling space. Previously known method involves cutting required to create a three-dimensional building structure, wall and ceiling elements in the form of fragments endless strand material to connect used as wall and ceiling elements cutting material on sites adjoining to each other in the corner areas of the building structure by means of connecting elements. Because in wall and ceiling elements do not make large door or window openings in walls and floors subject to fabrication of the structure can be manufactured from solid large wall or ceiling elements, and the problem of waste material in the manner known in the European patent EP 1992758 A2, is not too acute.

From international application WO 2006/039761 A1 and German application DE 19846599 A1 is known a variety of modular systems, partitions, where each partition is made of an appropriate number of wall panels, and wall panels at their adjacent to each other narrow sides are connected to each other in the tongue or the tongue and groove. Because these previously known systems partitions also does not require extensive door and window openings, in the case of these systems partitions the problem scraps of material also BU you should not practice.

Therefore, the task to create a way of working described in the beginning of the species, which differs significantly reduced material consumption.

According to the invention the solution of this problem when implementing the method described at the beginning consists in particular in that the construction element is divided into plates (flat parts), which in turn segments on the areas of the plates, oriented in the longitudinal or transverse direction, that dividing line plots of at least one flat part having at least one large hole, lay in the area of connection between the longitudinally oriented and adjacent transversely oriented sections of the plates bounding a large hole in the flat parts, that the parts of the plates,

consisting of the same building material, have relative to each other in series so that the parts of the plates of at least one plate could be projected at least one strand of material, and in that at least one strand of material is then cut into sections of the plates, then cut separately so from at least one strand of material parts of one plate are connected to each other in the plate (the flat part).

In the method according to the invention the pre is provided a division of the construction element at the first stage of calculations or design on a plate (flat part), moreover, for example, each surface of the wall or ceiling, lying in one plane, can form the plate. Then, at the next stage plan or calculations, individual flat items segment in each case on sections of flat parts, oriented along or across a flat part, to later be placed in the area where the dividing line between the sections of flat parts. At the next stage plan or settlement areas at least one flat part, which should be made of the same building or working material, is placed on the strand material, which is then appropriately cut into sections of flat parts. Then sections of flat parts, thus obtained, at least one strand of material., you can connect with each other in a flat item to the next phase of the work to unite the flat parts in the right place at the three-dimensional construction element.

Construction or working papers used to prirezki plots the flat parts may differ from each other by the material, thickness of material, and/or floor surfaces, or any other appropriate grounds. When implementing the method according to the invention the flat parts that serve as wall elements or elements of the floors, make the pre from several sections of a flat part given their large openings. Manufactured in this way in advance sections of flat parts can be a special way to connect to collect in the flat part, as, for example, a wall element, or an element of overlap. Since the implementation of the method according to the invention large openings for Windows or doors do not have to make by cutting out solid walling or ceiling element, the method according to the invention has considerable material savings.

To be able to use in highly loaded parts of the three-dimensional building structure is also highly durable construction and structural materials, it is advisable to cut the sections at least one of a flat part of the construction element (building construction) at least two strands, consisting of various materials.

Sections of flat parts, cut from heavy material, it is particularly simple and long term to connect to a flat part, which serves as, for example, wall or ceiling element, if the sections of a flat part at least in the area of the dividing lines is supplied with a connecting profile.

In order to interconnect sections of flat parts, does not necessarily have parallel edges of the plates, it is advisable that the clamping force, neo is required for fixing the sites to any flat part it was directed perpendicular to the plane of the part, and/or to the direction of action of the pressure required to connect sections of any flat part was parallel to the plane of the part.

In a preferred form of execution according to the invention is provided by the coupling sections of the plates with each other by using appropriate sampling connections with geometric, power and material circuit. While the geometric circuit can be provided, for example, in the case of glued profile wedge-shipovym connection and force closure create by means of force applied during clamping or acting in the plane of the wedge bonding material same circuit can be created, for example, gluing or welding. If the joints between the sections of flat parts combine with each other ways of connecting with geometric or material circuit, simple is also creating a tight connection for the long term.

The joints between the sections of flat parts can be given a different shape, for example, they can be straight or curved, may have a protrusion or not to have it. For better transfer of load in the region of the connection interface it is also possible to perform a joint in the form of a trapezoid. Therefore, it is advisable that the dividing line between the Uch is STEMI flat parts, be connected to each other, were selected from the appropriate set of straight, curved or trapezoidal joints.

It is advisable to as well as addition of areas of flat parts in any way cutting. Separation of heavy material, original made in endless form, shall be implemented by cutting perpendicular to and/or at some angle to the flat parts. Branch if this can be done, for example, by sawing or milling. In the manufacture of openings for doors or Windows to secure the area of a flat part in the manufacturing process, you can install the spacers.

Other features of the invention made it clear from the following description of the example of execution according to the invention in conjunction with the claims, and drawing. A more detailed explanation of the present invention is given based on the following example execution.

Detailed description of the individual steps of the manufacturing method according to the invention is given on the basis of figures 1-8.

This method is intended for the manufacture of three-dimensional construction element (three-dimensional building structure) 1. As an example of this construction design 1 presented in figure 1 in the form of the building without finishing. Building design 1 is made mainly from farazandeh plate material, which parts cut out at least one strand of material, and then connect with each other 6 the form of the building structure 1.

The figure 1 shows that the building structure 1 in the first stage of calculation or plan is divided into flat parts A, B, C, D, E and F, and, for example, each wall or ceiling surface lying in one plane, can form a flat item A, B, C, D, E, or F.

These flat parts sequentially adjacent to each other in the projection on the strand in figure 2, and segment - as can be seen from figures 3 - in oriented along or across the flat parts, sections of flat parts 2.

The figure 4 shows that the flat areas of the part 2, consisting of the same building or construction material, the next step of calculation or plan rank each other so that the sections of flat parts can be projected at least one strand of material.

The flat parts A, B, C, D, E and F, provided, for example, for wall or ceiling elements, should be considered as part of the construction details, and when assembling sections of flat workpieces 2 can be material savings to provide for the formation of the big door or window openings. Thanks to the Assembly stations 2 a flat part, considered as a construction detail, each of the first stretch of flat parts 2 can be made with regard to economy of material. Thus, the method of manufacturing allows us to achieve a considerable saving of material, which is obtained mainly due to the segmentation (preliminary) each flat parts A, B, C, D, E and F sections of flat parts with minimal waste.

Thus the dimensioning of the sections of flat workpieces 2 are carried out with the prior prirezki standardized elements of blanks and/or production areas of flat parts 2 in size. In each case, the composition of the flat parts A, B, C, D, E and F can be homogeneous or not, and sections 2 at least one flat part of the building structure 1 can also be cut into at least two strands, consisting of various building materials. The presented method can be used when processing all building or construction materials in the form of plates. Preferred possible application of the presented method is, however, to use plates of construction or construction material made of wood or wood material. Thus, part of the flat parts 2 can be produced as elements of solid wood or, for example, OSB, particleboard, or combinations of these materials.

Construction or working papers used to prirezki sections 2 flat det is whether, may differ from each other by the material, thickness of material, and/or floor surfaces, or any other appropriate grounds. Thus, areas 2 flat parts that are supposed to combine in a single element A, B, C, D, E or F, is not necessarily made of the same construction or building material.

When areas 2 at least one flat part, which should be made of a strand of the same building or construction material, projected onto consisting of the desired material of the cords, this at least one strand of material can then be cut into sections of flat parts 2 and then selected so at least one strand of material sections of flat parts A, B, C, D and F are connected to each other in a flat item.

The flat parts separated in preparation for the required sections of flat parts 2 and then serve, for example, wall or ceiling elements, and finally treated with optimized systems prirezki of pre-prepared plates (cf. figure 3).

In figures 5 and 6 shows that the sections of flat parts 3 at the next stage of work it is possible to provide the connecting profile 3, which facilitates subsequent connection sections of a flat part 2 in the demon the target tape.

The manufacture of the connecting profile can be realized in the previous workflow using the anti-chip method, and can, for example, to select a sequence of steps milling profile - gluing - transportation - gluing - clamp - pressing". Areas 2 flat parts are combined into a continuous strand in the next step. It is also possible to manufacture the connecting profile with removing shavings way passed directly before the subsequent connection process, so that the sequence of steps could look like "clamp (horizontal/vertical - milling - gluing - pressing". Another possibility is to provide a composite profile in the foregoing manufacturing process, the relevant sections of flat parts, for example, by pasting the profile strip.

From a comparison of figures 5 and 6 shows that the connection profile does not need to be on all construction details. On the contrary, it may be enough to provide sections of flat parts 2 connecting profile only in the area of the dividing lines. Due to the features of the dip instrument connection profiles you can also enter only in the area of cross-section and construction details required to connect sections of a flat part 2.

In figure 7 on Asano, during the bonding sections 2 flat part in the very flat part of the necessary contact pressure acts perpendicular to the plane of the part. This gives you the opportunity to connect sections of flat parts 2, not necessarily having parallel edges.

The connection of individual sections of flat workpieces 2 can be done with power, geometrical and/or material circuit. The connection existing between the parts 2 flat parts of the joints with geometric or material closure allows you to create a tight connection for the long term.

Connection with the material of the circuit can be created by gluing or welding. To connect with geometric circuit you can use a wedge-finger connection or bonding profile. Connection with the power circuit implemented through the necessary compression of the construction elements of the efforts of pressure or by the forces acting at the level of the wedge finger jointing.

The manufacture of a flat part, which serves as, for example, the wall element or element overlap, exercise, providing horizontal and vertical channels or openings left in the flat parts that can be used, for example, as channels for the equipment.

From figure 1 it is seen that the joints between adjacent sections PLO the technicalities 2 can have different shapes, for example, to be straight or curved or may have a protrusion or not to have it. In the area of window openings on the figure 1 shows that the joints can be performed in the form of a trapezoid, in order to achieve the best load transfer in the field of joint.

Making connections with the material of the closure is carried out using adhesives or other suitable means of connection, combining the qualities which are manifested under the influence of pressure, heat and/or time. The connection between the sections of flat workpieces 2 can also be implemented by pressing or gluing with a supply of heat or without. Possible other types of connections, such as connections with molding or dowel connection.

Holes in the flat parts, for example, for window or door openings need not be rectangular in shape.

From figure 7 it can be understood that the total contact force required to connect sections of flat parts 2, you can create elements of a clip, which regulate the pressure on the parts, what parts need to be adjusted in accordance with the pressure required for cross-section plots of flat parts 2.

Presented here is a method of manufacturing allows you to create tight (no cracks) corner joints or corners of walls. Takapuna gussets appropriate for example, in the areas of abutment wall to wall, ceiling to wall or ceiling to the roof. Sections of flat parts can be connected with each other, for example, by bringing them together using a special corner elements (for example, T-shaped connection).

After lots 2 flat parts projected on the corresponding strands of material, separation of the ribbon elements, first manufactured in endless form, shall be implemented by cutting perpendicular to and/or at some angle to the flat parts. In the case of the roof sheets may require cutting at an angle relative to the flat parts. Separation can be accomplished by sawing or milling. In the manufacture of openings for doors or Windows to secure the respective parts in the manufacturing process can also install the spacers. These spacers are designed to prevent "stacking" of the construction details.

The figure 8 shows that sections of flat parts, if necessary, provided with adequate, for example, the respective purpose of use the connection profile, join in the appropriate places in the endless tape, then the tape could be split or shorten to the required wall elements or slabs of flat details.

The scope presented in esteem the text of the method of manufacturing beyond use as load-bearing or non-bearing wall elements or elements overlap in construction. This scope also includes housing and industrial construction. Other applications in the construction industry, for example, bridge building. Plate construction elements made in accordance with the method according to the invention, can be used in construction as well as systems cladding, sound elements, etc. are Other use cases that are possible with the modular method of construction is, for example, the manufacture of caravan parks, the internal construction of ships, the construction of exhibition stands, country houses, modular buildings (academic, residential or business containers.

1. A method of manufacturing a three-dimensional construction element (1)made mainly of chopped flat elements, which separate areas cut out at least one strand of material, and then connect with each other in the form of a construction element (1), characterized in that the construction element (1) is divided into plates (the flat parts A, B, C, D, F), which in turn segments on oriented in a direction along or across the plates (A, B, C, D, F) plots of the plates (2)the fact that the separating line sections (2) at least one flat part having at least one large hole, lay in the field of connection is the link between longitudinally oriented and adjacent transversely oriented sections of the plates (2), limiting large hole in the flat parts, what parts of the plates (2), consisting of the same building material, have relative to each other in series so that the parts of the plates at least one of a flat part (A, B, C, D, F) could be projected at least one strand of material, and in that at least one strand of material is then cut into sections of the plates (2), and then cut separately so from at least one strand of material parts one plate (2) are connected to each other in the plate.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the sections (2) at least one plate (A, B, C, D, F) building design (1) cut out at least two strands, composed of two different materials.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the parts of the plates, at least in the region of their dividing lines with a connection profile.

4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the clamping force required to hold sections of the plates (A, B, C, D, F), is directed perpendicular to the plane of this plate, and/or that the direction of action of the pressure required to connect sections of any plate, parallel to its plane.

5. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the pair of sections (2) plates with each other is carried out using in place Asa sampling connections with geometric, power and material circuit.

6. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the dividing line between the areas of the plates to be connected to each other, are selected from the appropriate set of straight, curved or trapezoidal joints.

7. The method according to one of paragraphs. from 1 to 6, characterized in that areas as well as addition of plates carry out some way of splitting sharp.



 

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