Blockhouse facade

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: blockhouse facade for lining of internal and external walls includes two extended profile parts for lining of wall surface, which are installed one onto another, angular parts coupled with parts and installed in the form of cross connection of logs laid with an overlap, besides profile parts together with angular parts create an image of whole log structure. Profile parts are arranged as mirror-symmetrical in longitudinal direction and contain cross groove near their ends for opposite profile part of cross connection. Angular parts are arranged in the form of round log sections with cur surface that forms end, and also with opposite first flat joint surface and second joint surface adjacent to it, which matches external surface of cross profile part and angular part. Profile parts and angular parts create a set of component elements to create facade with formation of external and internal angle.

EFFECT: simplified assembly and manufacturing of facade parts.

17 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to a facade of blockhouse according restrictive parts of paragraphs 1 or 2.

From the document US-PS 5638649 famous facade of blockhouse for cladding exterior walls. The facade consists of several elongated profile parts for plating the surface of the wall, these details can be located on top of each other. The fašade also includes the angular part. Corner details associated with side profiles, they are set as cross connection logs for formation of the outer corner. Profile and corner details give the impression of solid log construction.

To create this facade of blockhouse using for covering areas of the walls the same profile details, for the formation of the external angle required different angular details. Thus, to create a link with the invisible joints, which is plausible simulated by a real log cabin, you must have the left and right angle elements. The creation of such a facade is costly, as it requires you to use different design corners. In addition, relevant details inherent in the disadvantage that long-term use, they are not adjacent to each other flush and extended in the joints.

From US 6199332 B1 also known plating for the formation of the external face of blockhouse. If so is th plating on the surface of the walls provide the same profile details and different angular parts in the form of milled logs for left and right connections. This design solution has the same drawbacks as the facade of blockhouse, which was described above.

The basis of the invention lies goal is to offer the facade of blockhouse for external and internal walls. Simple design details must allow for the rapid fabrication and erection of the facade. The Assembly of the facade of the individual components should not depend on their location and orientation.

In the invention this task is solved by the features of independent paragraphs 1 and 2.

The facade, made in accordance with paragraph 1, of the formula of the invention has the advantage that the elongated core items have the same design, so you can use them both on internal, and on the outer wall. And on the right, left and in the end they have the same connection. Such elongated profile items can be used to create both internal and external corners on interior and exterior walls. Further, corresponding to the invention facade has the advantage that the angular parts can also be of the same design. These details can be used for cross connection regardless of which end of the simulated logs they are left or right.

Due to this the production of the facade is poluchaetsya simple and economical. Additionally provided a simple set of two parts, which allows you to completely collect the facade. The described profile and angular parts can be provided in the form of a set of parts. Using this kit, quick to erect a facade will be able as the expert and the layman. In addition, simple geometric shapes elongated profile and angular parts provide design freedom.

Due to the fact that near the ends of the profile parts made cross recess cross connections with the opposite profile, with the same profile details you can create as outer and inner corner of the facade.

Alternative structural form of the facade according to the signs of paragraph 2 has the same advantages as the facade, which corresponds to point 1. Unlike facade construction according to paragraph 1 in this case, the elongated core element near the end faces are made without lateral depressions. Instead, the transverse recesses provided by the insert, which when creating the external angle is placed between the core and the angular part. To create the internal angle of the insert is not required.

This design has the advantage that it also provides ease of installation, and insert fully closed angular detail, so that after production of the facade it is not already visible. Perform inserts mirror-symmetrical, so it can be used on the core element for right-hand and left-hand connection.

In accordance with the preferred design provides that the profile or corner details and inserts are connected with push-in fittings for detachable connection, mostly bolts, in particular wood or dowels. This ensures ease of installation and high stability, for this you just need to insert or assemble items.

In the preferred construction in places where the link between a profile and angular parts, and inserts comprise at least two push-in fasteners. This results in a stable fixing and fastening. At the same time due to the presence of at least two connecting parts provided fixation from turning.

In each place where it joins the core part and the insert, the invention provides for at least two holes for insertion. So, the individual parts are used for manufacturing of the facade, made in advance, which allows you to build a facade without additional processing.

In accordance with another preferred variant of the invention provides that the details of the angular connect the s on the left and right part of the surface compounds have at least two holes for insertion of fasteners. Due to this item gussets as such can be used in both left hand and right hand, or to use it to create a connection in the direction X or Y cross connection. Push-in fittings are provided at least two right or two left holes formed in the connecting surfaces.

In accordance with a preferred structural form of the profile parts in cross section are in the form of a semicircular profile. This design covers all of the outer surface, which simulates the beam, and the inner surface in the form of a support surface with grooves. Provided on the inner surface of the recess may be, for example, W-, V-shaped, triangular, etc. If the profile details are used natural wood, these grooves have the advantage that the drying process to prevent cracking. In addition, these grooves can be placed wiring, for example, for a power supply is installed on the facade wall lamp, etc. of Course, there are other possible applications.

In accordance with another preferred option in the upper part of the profile part has a longitudinal ridge, and on the opposite lower sides of the groove corresponding form. Thanks to this profile the details which are placed one above the other and are used for covering the surface of the wall, securely interlock with each other. Thanks to the connection to the tongue and groove prevents cracking and shirring individual sections of the profile details after prolonged use. It also allows you to achieve a higher density in their installation.

Preferably the lower part of core parts between the outer surface and the groove should have a chamfer, which is designed for installation of this part on another core element. On the one hand, this facet is completely closed comb the relevant details below. At the same time emphasizes the character's massive frame. On the other hand, the chamfer prevents the penetration of moisture even during heavy rains and strong winds.

In accordance with a preferred structural form of the profile detail (when viewed from the side) at the ends from the bottom edge to the longitudinal mid-plane as the second connecting surface has a quadrant recess, to which the upper end moves in a smooth first connecting surface. This form ends the same conditions for the joints are created in both directions styling. In addition, with this design you can simulate a compact closed structure of the PE krivosic each other in the cross connection logs. This profile item is used in combination with the intermediate part, based on it, you can also use the facade without insert.

Near the first mating profile item, which is designed for use without the insert has a second connecting surface of the transverse profiling, which engages the comb is placed in the cross connection of the lower profile details. Due to this, the connecting surface corner parts directly adjacent to the first mating profile details. In addition, when creating the internal angle is achieved by the additional fixation thanks to the profile details.

In accordance with another preferred variant of the invention the angular part having a round body, with the lower sides have a concave surface. The radius of curvature of this surface corresponds to the radius of the corner element. Due to this corner elements can be stacked on each flush, giving the impression of a solid log.

The angular part at one end have a flat surface as of the end of the log, and on the opposite side of the first and second connecting surface, is identical to the connection profile details. This results in a simple and meaningful design that simplifies installation and sarcopoterium and corner details.

Preferably the insert perform mirror-symmetrical, which ensures universality of its application. The profile of the insert corresponds to the junction with the relevant item.

Preferably each of the mating surfaces of the insert is provided with at least two holes for insertion of fasteners. It is preferable to provide the through holes so that you can use, for example, long retaining bolts. These bolts pass through the insert and connect the relevant item directly from a corner detail.

In accordance with an additional preferred embodiment provides that the profile and angular parts, and inserts made of wood. For the exterior walls is used mainly larch and Douglasawh fir. For interior decoration and saunas used, such as cedar, Northern spruce, tag, pine, oak, etc. Instead, you can include imitation wood or perhaps plastic profiles with laminated wood and other basic structures, which by way of spraying, gluing, etc. put tape or similar in appearance to the wood structure.

Other preferred variants and constructive forms of the invention are disclosed in dependent clauses.

Below the invention, as well as additional preferred design is aktivnye forms and improvements disclosed and explained in more detail. This is done on the basis of examples, which are accompanied by drawings. In accordance with the invention, the characteristics contained in the description and the drawings can be used individually or in any combination.

In the drawings shows the following:

Figure 1 is a view in axonometric corresponding to the invention of the facade of blockhouse for covering the outer corner;

Figa - view is a perspective view of relevant parts of the facade, which is depicted in figure 1;

Fig.2b - conditional section profile details are shown on Figa;

Figs - conventional side view profile details are shown on Figa;

Figure 3 is a view of a perspective view of a corner detail of the facade according to Figure 1;

4 is a view in the perspective view of the insert for the facade, shown in figure 1;

5 is a view of a perspective view of another embodiment corresponding to the invention of the facade of blockhouse;

6 is a view of a perspective view of relevant parts of the facade, shown in Figure 5;

Fig.7 is a view of a perspective view of a corner detail of the facade, shown in figure 5.

Figure 1 shows a perspective view corresponding to the invention of the facade of blockhouse 11. This image (with a spatial separation of some parts) shows the interaction of the elongated core parts 12 and placed them inserts 14 that the Assembly together with the angular parts 16 formed on the outer corner. The facade 11 is rednaznachen for a covering wall (detail not shown) on the internal and on the outer wall. In more detail, the Assembly of core parts 12, inserts 14 and components for the formation of corners 16 will be explained after the description of the individual elements.

Figa is a perspective view of relevant parts 12 for the facade 11. Elongated profiled part 12 made in the form of semicircular profile, more detail is shown by incision, which is represented on Fig.2b. Profile item 12 is mirror-symmetrical relative to the centerline 19. At the ends it has a first planar connecting surface 21. This surface is passed to the second connecting surface 22, which is made by quadrant clippings. In the upper part 23 of the profile part 12 along its entire length (when viewed along the details of 12) completed with the ridge 24. The ridge 24 is located at some distance from located on the reverse side of the support surface 26. In the lower part of the profile part 12 has a groove 28, which corresponds to the ridge 24. The groove 24 is located at the same distance from the supporting surface 26, and the ridge 24, therefore when installing on each other profile details 12 ridge 24 is securely engages with the groove 28.

In the profile details 12 holes 29 that extends from the supporting surface 26. On Fig.2b for example, three recesses. The number and size of the recesses may be different. The reverse is in relation to the supporting surface 26 of the outer surface 31 is made almost semicircular, in the lower part of it is the bottom edge 32. From the edge 32 of the groove 28 is made inclined chamfer 33. This facet should preferably have a concave surface with a radius of curvature which matches the radius of curvature of the outer surface 31. In the assembled state of the chamfer 23 is attached flush to the lower profile part 12. She closes the groove 24, and mounting details (these details are not shown), for example, nails that are in the transition region 36 can be introduced into the holes 37 (Figs). Holes 37 are down diagonally to the supporting surface 26, so the core part 12 can be attached to the wall, and this mount will not be visible.

So, the core part 12 can be fastened to the wall in the transition region 36. Located above the core part 12 through the groove 28 covers the ridge 24, and the supporting section 38 captures the crest 24, so that in this place you get a tight fit of the lower part of the upper profile part 12 below details 12. Item 12 using fasteners attached to the wall in the upper part, near the crest 24. Thus, there is obtained a reliable fastening of the profile parts 12, this mount also satisfies the requirements for wind loads.

In the first connecting surface 21 has two holes 41. Hole 41 is designed is for insertion of fasteners 43 (Figure 1). If the facade of blockhouse 11 used natural wood, the plug-in parts 43 use the so-called pins, which are simply inserted and, if necessary, pressed and/or additional paste.

Figure 3 angular part 16 shown in more detail. Item 16 is made from a round billet, preferably crop of timber. On the reverse side it has a flat surface 46 cut in the end of the log. On the opposite side forms a first connecting surface 47. The surface 47 is flat, it covers a semicircular section. This surface is adjacent the second connecting surface 48. If you look at item 16 on the side, you can see that the surface 48 is formed with a quadrant cut. The surface 48 is used to fit to the below simulation logs, cross connection, this simulation is at a 90░angle.

In the lower part of the corner part has a concave surface 49. The radius of curvature of this surface corresponds to the radius of chipping.

In the first connecting surface 47 is provided for the left and right pair of holes 51. This allows you to use item 16 as either the left or right end of the part.

Figure 4 shows a perspective view of the insert 14. The insert 14 has a connecting surface 56, the surface which correspond to the first connecting surface 21 of core parts 12. On the lower end of the insert 14 is provided by a concave surface 57. The radius of curvature corresponds to the radius of the corner part 16. When installing items 14 to the end of the core part 12 with the formation of a solid profile surface 57 passes directly to the second connecting surface 22.

In box 14 has through holes 58, so that the details of 43 fully penetrate the box 14. The mounting holes are core parts 12 and angular parts 16 are provided with right and left hand.

The facade 11, which is depicted in figure 1, mounted on the base 61. In one direction to place the relevant item 12, attached to the insert 14 and the corner part 16. Then in a second direction, collect relevant item 12', the insert 14' and the corner detail (detail not shown), these elements are also mounted on the base 61. Corner detail for the second direction completely closes the insert 14, so the finished facade of the insert 14 is not visible. The construction of the facade with a cross-connection occurs alternately in different directions, it provides a tight connection of the individual elements and fixing the position of the parts relative to each other.

You can also post relevant parts 12 and 12', and then using a plug-in connection parts 43 to install the inserts 14, 14' - separately or together with the angular parts 16 and 16'. Figure 5 presents an alternative design corresponding to the invention of the facade of blockhouse 11. This facade 11 differs from the facade, which is depicted in figure 1, the fact that it is making use of the profile part 12 and the corner part 16, which are positioned relative to each other with parts 43. With this purpose, the profiled part 12, which figure 6 presents a perspective view of, a modified compared stand part 12, which is shown in figure 2. Near the first connecting surface 21 she has a second connecting surface 22 has a transverse recess 66. This recess corresponds to the groove 24 and the ledge 67, which is made in the upper part of the core part 12. Transverse recess 66 simplifies installation profile parts 12 relative to each other to form an internal corner 69. The groove 24 of the profile part 12 engages with the recess 66 in the profile element, which is located above, and thereby records the relevant details.

The corner piece 16, which is shown in Fig.7 and is appropriate for the invention of the facade 11 (see Figure 5)differs from the angular part 16, which is shown in Figure 3, so that the second connecting surface 48 provided by the recess 66. The recess 66 corresponds to the deepening of the profile parts, which is shown on Fig.6. The thanks is this the first connecting surface 47 of the angular part 16 fits flush to the first planar connecting surface 21 of core parts 12, therefore, mill ridge 24 in the area of the crossing parts 12, i.e. at the outer end parts 12, it is not necessary.

Installation of the facade 11, which corresponds to Figure 5, as follows.

Prior to fixing the core part 12, it sets the angular part 16, then it is placed on the button below the item 12. The recess 66 engages with the ridge 24 of the transverse (at an angle of 90░) of the profile part 12, preferably half the length of the corner part 16. Consequently the rigidity of the corner.

Instead, you can provide that angular structures were located at an angle that differs from 90░ (viewed from above). Accordingly, the transverse recesses 66 perform in accordance with this angle.

Corresponding to the invention facade 11, which is shown in figures 1 and 5, has the advantage that the set of components can be formed from parts that are suitable for both left and right orientation (or parties). This greatly facilitates the installation of the facade. The result is a facade that looks like a solid log construction.

1. The facade of blockhouse for covering the internal and external walls containing at least two elongated profiled part (12) for covering the surface of the wall, installed at each other, corner detail and (16), the mating parts (12) and installed in the form of a cross connection logs laid overlapping, with relevant details (12) together with the angular parts (16) give the impression of solid log construction, characterized in that the profile of the part (12) is made mirror-symmetrical in a longitudinal direction and contain near their ends, a transverse recess (66) for the opposite profile details (12) cross connections; the angular part (16) made in the form of scraps of round logs forming the end surface (46) of the slice, and also opposite the first planar mating surface (47) and the adjacent second connecting surface (48), consistent with the outer surface of the cross-profile of the workpiece (12) and an angular part (16); where the profile of the part (12) and the angular part (16) form a set of components for the formation of the facade (11) with the formation of the outer and inner corner.

2. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the profile of the part (12) and the angular part (16) connected to each other by inserting the connecting parts (43), mostly bolts, in particular wood or dowels.

3. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that each connection profile details (12) and angular parts (16) has at least two push-in fittings (43).

Fosad according to claim 1, characterized in that each connection profile details (12) has at least two holes (41, 58) to install the plug-in fittings (43).

5. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the angular part (16) in the left and right side of the first connecting surface (47) have at least two holes (51) for push-in fittings (43).

6. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the profile part (12) in cross section has a semicircular profile, formed round the outer surface (31), simulating the beam, and at least partially flat bearing surface (26) preferably with grooves (29).

7. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the profile part (12) in the upper part (23) has a longitudinal ridge (24)and an opposite bottom side corresponding to the crest of the groove (28).

8. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower part of the profile part (12) between the outer surface (31) and a groove (28) has a chamfer (33), and this bevel (33) together with the corresponding connecting profiled part (12) form the overlap zone.

9. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that, as seen in the side view, profile item (12) on each side of the lower edge (32) to the longitudinal mid-plane has a segment cut forming the second connecting surface (22), followed by the first is Yu flat connecting surface (21), to the upper edge part (12).

10. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the flat connecting surface (21) of the profile part (12) provided with holes (41, 58).

11. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the second connecting surface (22) in the field next to the first connecting surface (21) of the profile part (12) has a recess (66), which is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the workpiece (12), and specified the recess (66) has a profile for the at least ridge (24) the following profile details (12) cross connection.

12. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the angular part (16) has a round case with a bottom side having a concave surface (49), the radius of curvature which preferably corresponds to the radius of the corner element (16).

13. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that at one end of the angular part (16) has a flat cut surface (46) as of the end of the log, and on the other end, as seen in side view, has a flat connecting surface (47)passing the second connecting surface is formed of a radial cut, the radius of which preferably corresponds to the radius of the corner part (16).

14. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that between the first connecting surface (47) and the second connecting surface (48) in the corner of the part (16) has a recess (66).

15. The facade of p is 1, characterized in that the profile part (12) in the transition region (36) between the outer surface (31) and crest (24) has openings (37), preferably passing obliquely downward from the outside to the inside.

16. The facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the profile of the part (12), the angular part (16) and insert (14) for the exterior walls preferably made of larch or Douglas fir, and to the inner walls of pine, oak, Northern spruce, cedar, Hemlock or imitation wood.



 

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