Wall panel

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel is made of rows of modules installed onto each other, connected to each other and made from profiled rectilinear elements, is equipped with an insulant and lining boards. Profiled elements are made of a glued veneer profile, comprising walls made of veneer, on which shelves of bars are fixed. At the same time profiled elements are fixed by three to form an equilateral triangle in plan, and their shelves are faced towards the centre of the module. The panel includes side modules, rectilinear elements of which form a right-angled triangle in plan, with a hypotenuse equal to the side of the module and the angle near the base equal to 60. Modules and side modules are fixed to each other, and each module is fixed with both lining boards. Each row in the panel is made from upper and lower layers of modules, at the same time in the lower layer the modules are placed in contact with the adjacent ones and are faced upwards with their tops, and the modules of the upper layer are faced down with their tops and contact with their sides to the sides of the adjacent modules of the lower layer.

EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a structure.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to wall wooden building construction for low-rise construction and can be used in low-rise construction for the construction of wooden houses and outbuildings.

Famous wooden frame panel containing frame of longitudinal ribs, made in the form of composite beams, interconnected along the length of the metal plates with a two-edged cylindrical pins and secured to editions of plates transverse ribs, and a covering of tile materials (see, for example, avts USSR N 1567747, MPK IS 2/10).

The disadvantage of this design of the panel is low bearing capacity due to the lack of redistribution of the load on the frame members of the panel, which leads to an increase in the cross-section of a composite frame beams and the weight of the panel.

Known wall panel installed at each other modules, each of which is made in the form of interconnected longitudinal elements (German patent N 1784746 And 14.12.72).

A disadvantage of the known design is the complexity and difficulty of Assembly, since the assembling process of the modules of considerable size, which requires the use of auxiliary hoisting mechanisms.

Also known wall panel made from installed at each other series mo the hive, interconnected and made of profiled line elements with insulation and cladding slabs (see EN NO. 2121549, EV 2/70, 1998).

The disadvantage of this technical solution is the significant weight of the structure, the complexity and difficulty of Assembly, in the exercise of installation in limited spaces, where there is no possibility of assisted lifting mechanisms. In addition, the strength characteristics of the structure is not high enough; as in the direction of top-down and along the wall of the building. All this reduces the operational characteristics of the building, including its resistance to seismic waves of earthquakes.

Solved technical problem - performance buildings, constructed using the claimed solution.

The technical result obtained by the solution of the problem, reflected in the improvement in weight and size characteristics of the structure with a relatively small mass of the material used for its manufacture. High load-bearing capacity of the construction, due to the collaboration of all its structural elements in the perception of external loads, and panel work not only as cladding, but also as a bearing (frame element) included in the system frame, active in the host loads on the building, disposable thereby the frame elements. When forming the basic structural elements in the form of an equilateral triangle allows to minimize the number of sizes of frame elements necessary for the formation of a number of parallel upper and lower edges, from which it is easy to form the panel. Also provide the possibility of the formation of triangular elements of a parallelogram, of any length is a multiple of the size of the basis module, which when using the side of the modules is transformed into a rectangle, whose height allows you to form a rectangular panel of any size.

The problem is solved in that the wall panel made from installed at each other series of modules, interconnected and made of profiled line elements with insulation and cladding plates, characterized in that the shaped rectilinear elements made of cleaning profile containing walls made of plywood with fixed shelves, made of bars, with named elements together by three to education in terms of an equilateral triangle, with the shelves facing the center of the module, in addition, the composition of the panel on the side modules, rectilinear elements form at p is Anya is a right-angled triangle, with hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module and angles at the base equal to 60, while the modules and the side modules are connected together and each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates, in addition, each series in the panel, composed of upper and lower layers of modules, while in the lower layer modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules in the upper layer facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer.

Comparative analysis of the characteristics of the claimed solution with the characteristics of the prototype and analogues demonstrates compliance of the claimed solution to the criterion "novelty".

The characteristics of the characterizing portion of the claims, solves the following functional tasks.

Signs indicating that "shaped rectilinear elements made of cleaning profile containing walls made of plywood with fixed shelves, made of bars provide ease of design with a relatively small mass of material having high strength characteristics, while ensuring the widespread use of small-diameter and short log of wood.

Signs indicating that shaped rectilinear elements fastened by three with about the education in terms of an equilateral triangle" provide the possibility of forming a stiff (frame) element, forming an equilateral triangle allows to minimize the number of sizes of frame elements necessary for the formation of a number of parallel upper and lower edges of which are easy to shape the panel.

Signs that indicate that the ' shelves' shaped rectilinear elements facing toward the center of the module provide the ability planar contact building structures with each other (when they "work" in the composition of the panels associated with perception and transfer the vertical loads). In addition, it ensures reliable fixation of the heater in the opening of the building structure.

Signs indicating that "the composition of the panel on the side modules, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with the hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module and angle y of the base equal to 60" provide the possibility of the formation of the carcass panels is rectangular in plan.

Signs indicating that the modules and the side modules are connected together and each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates provide high structural strength, which provided joint work of all structural elements in the perception of external loads.

Signs indicating that "each row in the panel, composed of the upper and ienaga layers of modules, while in the lower layer modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules in the upper layer facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer provides the possibility of the formation of triangular elements of a parallelogram, of any length is a multiple of the size of the basis module, which when using the side of the modules is transformed into a rectangle, whose height allows you to form a rectangular panel of any size.

Figure 1 shows a wall panel; figure 2 - section a-a wall panel; figure 3 - module wall panel; figure 4 - side module.

In the drawings shows a module 1, wall 2, 3 shelves, side modules 4, a facing plate 5, the top 6 and bottom 7 layers of modules 1 and 4, the heater 8.

Wall panel includes bonded to each other profiled rectilinear elements, with the formation in terms of an equilateral triangle (module) 1. Shaped rectilinear elements made of cleaning profile containing walls 2 and 3 shelves made in the form of bars and bonded (e.g., with glue and screws) for three to education in terms of an equilateral triangle, with 3 shelves shaped rectilinear elements facing toward the center of the module 1, than about specialt reliable fixation of the heater 8 in the opening of the building structure. In the panel on the side modules 4, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with the hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module 1 and the angle y of the base equal to 60. Modules 1 and side modules 4 are fastened to each other and each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates 5, for example, with screws. Each row in the construction panel made up of the top 6 and bottom 7 layers of modules 1 and 4, while in the lower 7-layer modules are placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules of the upper layer 6 facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer 7.

For the manufacture of the walls 2 use plywood brand PSF grade not below/BB GOST 3916.1-89 thickness of 8 and 10 mm For the manufacture of shelves 3, made in the form of bars, use wood not below 2nd grade softwood (except larch) according to GOST 8486-86 with dimensions according to GOST 24454-80, with the corresponding estimated characteristics of the SNP P-25-80. Quantitative parameters of shape defects and machining (pokeronline, the deviation from parallelism of surfaces and edges, wane) must not exceed that permitted for lumber 2nd grade. Through cracks appearing on the face are not allowed. Knots decayed, rotten and tobacco, and that the same dead, located on the edges are not permitted.

Shelves 3 are glued along the length of the walls along the longitudinal edges of the walls 2 by means of a toothed compounds according to GOST 19414-90. The limit values of the bending strength of gear connections must not be lower than: when loading edge (about 33 MPa and not less than 24 MPa), and when loading layer (of the order of 37.5 MPa and not less than 27 MPa).

Then, from the thus formed shaped rectilinear elements form directly to the module 1, which are placed three to education in terms of an equilateral triangle, with 3 shelves line elements facing toward the center of the module 1, glued and secured, for example by screws. Also form the side modules 4, shaped rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with the hypotenuse is equal to the side of the module 1 and the angle y of the base equal to 60.

Modules 1 and side modules 4 are fastened to each other and each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates 5 by means of screws. Each row in the construction panel made up of the top 6 and bottom 7 layers of modules 1 and 4, while in the lower 7-layer modules are placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules of the upper layer 6 facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides with the front modules of the lower layer 7.

The heater 8 may be any of those used in the construction. Stack it before sheathing panel facing plates 5, the technology of its installation depends on the type of insulation.

Adhesive joints in structures should be performed on synthetic adhesives, relevant SNiP P-25-80. When this adhesive joints must meet the following requirements:

- the moisture content of the wood parts of the beams before processing protective compounds must be(12+/-3) %;

the thickness of the adhesive layers in the elements of structures shall be not more than 0.5 mm are Allowed plots of thickness up to 1 mm, if their length does not exceed 100 mm, and the distance between them is not less than ten times the length of these interlayers;

- not glued areas are not allowed.

The finished design, if necessary, subjected to a protective and/or decorative treatment to protect them from moisture, biodeterioration, combustion, and chemical corrosion, as well as giving them the necessary aesthetic appearance. These works are carried out on the manufacturer. Protection as possible from one, and from these effects, which is governed by the operating conditions of the structures.

The finished product is Packed and shipped to the consumer.

Wall panel made from installed at each other series of modules that are interconnected and you anenih of the profiled line elements, equipped with insulation and cladding plates, characterized in that the profiled rectilinear elements made of cleaning profile, containing walls, made of plywood, with fixed shelves, made of bars, with named elements together by three to education in terms of an equilateral triangle, with the shelves facing the center of the module, in addition, the composition of the panel on the side modules, rectilinear elements form a rectangular triangle, with hypotenuse equal to the side of the module, and the angle at the base, equal to 60, while the modules and side modules are bonded to each other and each of these modules are fastened with the two facing plates, in addition, each series in the panel, composed of upper and lower layers of modules, while in the lower layer modules placed in contact with the adjacent and facing up their tops, and the modules in the upper layer facing down their tops and contact its lateral sides with the sides of adjacent modules of the lower layer.



 

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