Wall design using bearing wall panel for wooden building and method of its manufacturing

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in a wooden building the elements perceiving load are attached to inner side surfaces, limited with structural elements of the building, comprising stands, ties and horizontal elements so that to make it possible to close the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side with front surfaces of structural elements on the outer side and front surface of the adjacent non-bearing wall on the outer side.

EFFECT: improved earthquake stability of a building.

7 cl, 26 dwg

 

1. The technical field

The present invention relates to wall construction using bearing wall panels for buildings built by the method of construction of wooden frames.

2. The level of technology

It is generally accepted that when designing the design of a building project must meet the following requirements: the building as a whole should be safe, on the basis of resistance of materials in relation to their own weight, dynamic load, snow load, wind pressure, earth pressure and water pressure, as well as earthquakes and other vibrations and impacts which can be achieved using the effective location of the uprights, beams, floors, walls, and similar items, so that the building could withstand certain levels of wind and seismic forces. In addition, prescribed that the building in which the walls, pillars and horizontal elements made of wood, the frame must contain a wall or brace, which should be placed consistently in the direction of rotation and stiffness at each floor for security purposes in case of horizontal impact forces in all directions. With regard to the installation of the cross stay, if the sites of attachment on both ends of the cross stay relaxed, brace cannot function as a cross stay, and in the case of cross stay in the wall, bearing a large horizontal the social load, difficult design and construction sites connection. Thus, to ensure proper quality of construction, developed the method, according to which instead of the cross stay or design with the cross stay to the frames to enhance nailed bearing wall panel.

In building a wall that can withstand a horizontal load, i.e. the lateral force, for example, when the earthquake or the wind, is a bearing wall, and the wall, which is structurally not secured, considered the curtain wall. Moreover, in a wooden building wall, which has similarities with the bearing wall, but which is not properly mounted and has a low degree of resistance, "for example, partition or similar element, is considered paonessa wall.

As United together elements of the wooden building is easy to rotate, the building could not resist the horizontal load, such as an earthquake or wind, if it consists only of pillars and beams. For this reason, it is necessary to provide a certain number of load-bearing walls on each floor. The building contains many load-bearing walls, has a high seismic and wind resistance. In addition, the seismic resistance can be improved with proper combination of various structural elements of the building by means of metal fittings.

Chosen to replace the wall can be made by incorporating a cross stay to the frame by means of metal fittings or attachment of the bearing wall panel, containing plate of, for example, construction plywood to the frame by means of dedicated nails. On the other hand, the wall containing only vlagopronitsaemym, waterproof sheet or facing attached to the frame, is not a bearing wall. An example of numerical values characterizing the strength of the bearing wall, is the ratio of the strength of the wall. The wall strength factor, equal to 1.0, indicates the ability to withstand a horizontal load, a lateral force equal to 1.96 kN per metre length of the wall. The higher this value, the higher the strength of the wall, and the greater the horizontal load can withstand a load bearing wall. According to the method of construction of wooden frames, Article 46 of the Decree on implementation of the Law on construction standards and Notification No. 1100 of the Ministry of construction dictates that the ratio of the strength of the wall for a list of load-bearing walls is equal to from 0.1 to 5.0.

Regarding the seismic stability of the house, the seismic force acts on the center of gravity of the house, and is deformed in the horizontal direction and also makes a rotational movement relative to the center of rigidity. Thus, if the center of gravity and center of rigidity are too far from each other, in part of the house, excessive deformation, which leads to the destruction of structural elements. In the cut is ltate, the bearing capacity of the building is reduced and the load seismic forces concentrated on other areas, which in worst case can lead to the collapse of the house. Thus, it is preferable that the center of gravity and center of rigidity home match. In this place the center of gravity is the center of the planar shape of the building and the center of the mass of the building. The center of rigidity is the center of the forces opposing horizontal force, and the center of rigidity bearing walls. The center of stiffness can be determined from the horizontal stiffness of earthquake-resistant elements, such as bearing walls and their coordinates. In addition, the discrepancy between the center of gravity and the center of rigidity of the building is determined by the distance between the centers and eccentricity. The eccentricity, which can be calculated on the basis of the distance between the centers is the ratio of the distance between the center of gravity and center of rigidity with respect to the resistance to torsion. The center of gravity on each floor of the building can be calculated on the basis of the axial force due to prolonged load on optical elements in the form of resistance structures, such as bearings, which can withstand vertical loads, and the X, Y coordinates of the data elements. However, according to the method of construction of the wooden frame, it is assumed that the centroid of the plane is updaet with the center of gravity provided static and dynamic load on each floor are evenly distributed in the plane, and balance. The center of rigidity can be calculated based on the horizontal stiffness of earthquake-resistant elements, such as bearing walls in all directions of calculation and their coordinates. The horizontal stiffness can be calculated based on the actual length of the wall and the strength factor of the wall, and the eccentricity can be calculated on the basis of the above-described center of gravity and center of rigidity.

Even when sufficient clamping load-bearing walls, there is a risk of deformation or torsion of the building during the earthquake, which could lead to the collapse of the building, except in those cases where the load-bearing walls are placed, balanced, and not concentrated on one side of the building. In General, the building, which contains a lot of load-bearing walls on the perimeter, thus is resistant to torsion. On the other hand, the so-called U-shaped arrangement in which, for example, the North side consists entirely of load-bearing walls, and the southern side consists entirely of openings that are subject to torsion and can easily lead to a collapse in the earthquake. An example of the values that characterize the imbalance of load-bearing walls, is the eccentricity. The higher the value of the eccentricity, the greater the imbalance are the walls he represents. According to the Notification No. 1352 of the Ministry of construction in 2000, the eccentricity of the wooden buildings, as defined in Article 46, section 4 of the Decree on implementation of the Law on construction standards should be 0.3 or less, and in General, particularly preferably, the eccentricity of the house was 0.15 or less.

As described above, in order to build earthquake-resistant building, it is necessary to provide bearing wall. Typically, when building a house using the method of erection of wooden frames, instead of the cross stay or design with the cross stay, was used flat design, which is considered the bearing wall panel to form a load-bearing wall, which counteracts the force acting in the horizontal direction, as, for example, in the earthquake, wind pressure or similar effect.

The level of technology

JP 2001-90184 A

JP 11-71828 A

JP 10-152922 A

JP 3129745 U

JP 10-280580 A

JP 55-132839 A

JP 9-250192 A

The INVENTION

Generally, it is believed that when building a house using the method of erection of wooden frames bearing wall, which includes a bearing wall panel is nailed to the frame and not to the diagonal rod, greatly facilitates the construction process compared to the supporting wall, which uses diagonal brace. To reinforce the earthquake resistance, it is desirable that Susie wall located along the entire perimeter of the house. However, the openings, such as window, door and other inputs necessary for the person to stay in the house, and thus in places where it is impossible to have load-bearing walls have a curtain wall. Therefore, when designing a house, you need balanced positioning bearing and curtain wall. For this reason, the Law on construction standards use the eccentricity, as an indicator for the balanced placement of load-bearing and non-bearing walls to ensure high seismic stability of the house.

If the bearing wall formed by fastening the outer planar structure, such as bearing walls, to the outer side element of the frame structure formed by connecting the horizontal elements and the supports in the form of a square frame, the surface of the bearing wall panel is on the outer side element of the frame structure by a distance corresponding to the thickness of the bearing wall panel. Thus, between the load-bearing wall, containing the bearing wall panel, curtain wall, not containing the bearing wall panel ailments. When attaching external construction material under exterior building material shall not contain irregularities, and, therefore, usually necessary to Supplement the sustained fashion the alignment process. You can also use curtain wall panel, which is not a bearing wall panel, but has the same thickness as the bearing wall panel, curtain wall, to prevent the occurrence of unevenness as in the above described manner. However, in this case, you will need unexpected costs for materials or construction due to the use of curtain wall panel, which is not necessary.

The present invention is to eliminate the above difficulties and, thus, according to the present invention proposed load-bearing wall panel, in which even the use of the bearing wall panel in the bearing wall surface of the bearing wall panel does not project over the outer sides of the elements of the frame structure and the adjacent curtain wall on the outside and, consequently, it is possible to avoid the necessity of alignment during further insertion of the outer building material, load-bearing wall can properly function as a load-bearing wall, load bearing wall panel can be accurately and efficiently attached to the element of the frame structure.

There is another problem, which consists in the following. The bearing wall containing the bearing wall panel, as a rule, from otaplivalsya when using a wood-frame wall, manufactured double-sided construction method, as this method of construction is convenient. However, a problem may occur when nailing the bearing wall panel by nails or similar fastening materials using wood-frame walls made bilateral method of construction, when the frame should be checked for operation after completion of construction, the condition columns and horizontal elements, which are the most important structural elements for the method of construction of the wooden frame, it is impossible to check without removing the bearing wall panel.

For the use of wooden house for a long period of time, it is important to regularly inspect the condition of structural elements of the house, in particular racks and bars. For the smooth implementation of inspections racks and rods necessary supporting structure of the wall containing the bearing wall panel, which does not cover structural elements and thus provides easy verification of structural elements.

The first aspect of the present invention is a wall structure for a wooden building, and the construction of the wall includes a bearing wall, curtain wall, the sheathing and the exterior of the building is the material, moreover, the bearing wall in which the elements, perceiving the load attached to the inner side surfaces, a walled structural elements, including racks and horizontal elements of the wooden building, and a bearing wall panel, which is attached to the outside elements, perceiving the load, the front surface of the bearing wall panel with the outer side is flush with the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side and the outer surface of the adjacent curtain wall on the outer side.

According to the first aspect of the present invention, the bearing wall contains elements receiving the load, which is securely attached to the structural elements by means of the fastening elements, based on pre-specifications and certain supporting the workpiece carrier wall, and which are attached to the inner side surfaces of structural elements, and the bearing wall includes a bearing wall panel, which is attached to the outside elements, perceiving the load. In this load-bearing wall elements, perceiving load provisions in the indentation from the outer surface of the structural elements on the outer side by a distance corresponding to the thickness of the bearing wall panel so that in order to prevent the protrusion in the outer side of the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outside over the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outside. Bearing wall panel is positioned in such a way that the boundaries of the bearing wall panel is located on the inner side of the inner side surfaces of the structural elements and secured to the elements, perceiving the load, by fasteners, such as nails, near the peripheral borders of the bearing wall panel.

If it is desirable to obtain good air permeability inside the bearing wall, when the ventilation areas, passing through the elements receiving the load from the inner side to the outer side, are the elements, perceiving the load attached to structural elements, improves breathability elements, perceiving the load.

In addition, when the bearing wall panel is attached to the elements, perceiving the load, with a gap between the structural elements and the edges of the bearing wall panel so as not to block the ventilation holes of the sites in the elements, perceiving the load is even greater improvement in the permeability of the bearing wall.

As the bearing wall panel is attached to the elements, perceiving the load near the peripheral borders of the bearing wall panel, load bearing wall panel and the elements, perceiving the load is a single structure, to the Torah they are connected. In addition, the fastening elements for fastening elements, perceiving the load to the structural elements are made stronger than fasteners, such as nails for fastening the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load. Thus, even when a shearing force acts on the fastening elements for fastening elements, perceiving load horizontal shear strain acting in relation to structural elements, perceiving the load elements and the fastening elements is small, and therefore, the elements receiving the load, can be considered fully integrated with the structural elements. As a result, structural elements, perceiving the load elements and the bearing wall panel represent a single whole. It should be noted that the spacing between the fastening elements for fastening the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load and spacing of fasteners for fastening elements, perceiving the load to the structural elements installed in accordance with the desired ratio of the strength of the wall.

When the ventilation areas are in the elements, perceiving the load attached to structural elements, ventilation inside the bearing wall is provided. So about the time, even if the water outside gets inside the bearing wall or moisture condensation, water or condensate is removed and the inner part of the bearing wall dries quickly due to ventilation. Thus there is a possibility to improve the reliability of structural elements. Moreover, you can avoid having to perform pruning of perceiving the load elements during construction due to the formation of vent sites in perceiving the load elements in advance. Thus eases the overall construction of the wall, and, therefore, can be reduced the time and cost of construction. Also bearing wall, which has a high strength factor can be obtained by increasing the reliability of structural elements by maintaining breathability inside the wall.

Materials approved for use by the Article 46 of the Decree on implementation of the Law on construction standards, such as construction plywood, particleboard, laminated strand Board (OSB), wood-fiber Board, wood-fibre reinforced plate, gypsum, cardboard cement flat sheet, cladding sheet, and similar materials, can be used as a bearing wall panel and the wall, which contains such material attached to the structural elements common the m way functions as a load-bearing wall. After bearing wall panel attached to the structural elements on the surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side of the stretchable waterproof paper, such as vlagopronitsaemym waterproof sheet, and then top waterproof paper is placed crate and attached to the building frame comprising uprights and horizontal elements, through the waterproof paper. Then the exterior building material is attached to the sheathing by nails or fastening metal fitting. Between the outer building material and the bearing wall panel is formed a ventilation layer by placing in between the crates.

Even if the moisture on the inner side penetrates the partition wall through the inner construction material, the moisture passes through the bearing wall panel, if the bearing wall panel is a flat design, which is moisture-permeable, or passes through the vent sites located in the elements, perceiving the load, if load-bearing wall panel is less moisture-permeable flat design, and moisture can be released or skipped to the outer building material through the waterproof paper. As a result, the moisture on the interior art is Rone is released into the ventilation layer between the outer building material and the bearing wall panel. Furthermore, since the step between the bearing wall and curtain wall does not exist, there is no need for processing reasons, for example, by means of strips of wood or similar material, to eliminate steps or irregularities between the load-bearing or non-load bearing wall, or by crates of varying thickness. Thus, there is an opportunity to streamline the fastening of the sheathing. As described above, since the bearing wall panel showing strength as the walls of the building, located on the inner side of the outer building material through the purlin, load-bearing wall panel is protected exterior building material from rainwater or similar effects, and thus prevented the decrease in strength due to corrosion or similar impacts. Thus, the increased durability of the bearing wall.

As a method of erecting a wall construction according to the first aspect of the present invention, in addition to the way in which the elements, perceiving the load attached to the inner side surfaces, a walled structural elements, including racks and horizontal elements, before attaching the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load, the following describes the following method.

With the persons erecting load-bearing wall in wall construction for wooden buildings, in which the wall construction includes a bearing wall, in which the elements, perceiving the load attached to the inner side surfaces, a walled structural elements, including racks and horizontal designs of wooden buildings, and includes a bearing wall panel attached to the outside elements, perceiving the load; curtain wall; a back wall; and an outer building material, and in which the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side is flush with the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side, and the front surface of the adjacent curtain wall on the outer side, and the method includes fastening elements, perceiving the load that is attached to the bearing wall panel in advance, to the inner side surfaces of the uprights or horizontal elements together with the bearing wall panel.

According to the above method of construction, perceiving the load elements are attached to structural elements in the position in which the carrier panel is pre-attached to the elements, perceiving the load, and, consequently, the need for securing the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load on a building site no. So about what atom, there is a possibility of reducing the time of construction. In addition, to save performance bearing wall, it is necessary to attach the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load, through a certain number of fastening elements arranged at a certain interval. If the bearing wall panel is attached by less than a certain number, the number of fasteners, it is impossible to maintain a certain ratio of the strength of the wall. In the construction of load-bearing wall, if the nails are valid as fastening elements for fastening the bearing wall panel, use a lot of nails, and control respect for the nails is very important in keeping the construction quality control is gentle on nails, namely the mounting of the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load on the plant and not on the construction site, can greatly improve the quality of the bearing wall, and also to reduce the time of construction.

According to the above method, the location of the air parcels in the elements, perceiving the load and mount the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load, with a gap between the structural elements and boundaries chosen to replace the wall panel, excluding blocking the ventilation areas of the elements, perceiving the load, makes it possible to provide good breathability built inside the bearing wall.

The second aspect of the present invention is a wall structure for a wooden building, and the construction of the wall includes a bearing wall, curtain wall, the sheathing and exterior construction material, and the bearing wall, which includes a bearing wall panel attached to the front surfaces of the structural elements, including racks and horizontal elements of the wooden building on the outside, contains deepening, the value of which corresponds to the thickness of the supporting panel formed in positions where the bearing wall panel attached to the structural elements, and the front surface of the bearing wall panel with the outer side is flush with the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side and the outer surface of the adjacent curtain wall on the outer side.

According to the second aspect of the present invention, recesses, the depth of which corresponds to the thickness of the bearing wall panel formed in positions in which the bearing wall panel attached to the structural elements, and the bearing wall panel is attached to the data is lublinie, and, therefore, no need to use the elements, perceiving the load according to the first aspect of the present invention. Thus, the necessity of training elements, perceiving the load is absent, and, in addition, the necessity of fastening elements, perceiving the load on the building site is also absent. Accordingly, there is a possibility of accelerating construction and reducing costs.

Together with the construction of the wall, which uses a bearing wall in which the bearing wall panel attached to the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side, when the curtain wall and curtain wall was designed and erected near the base of the project, taking into account the eccentricity, it is necessary to attach curtain wall panel, having the same thickness as the bearing wall panel, and do not have the carrying capacity to the curtain wall, to avoid steps or irregularities between the bearing wall and curtain wall. Thus appeared the costs of uneconomic material, as well as the cost of time and effort for attaching a curtain wall panel, resulting in increased construction costs. On the other hand, if all the walls are designed as bearing walls, to prevent the appearance of the stupa is Ki or irregularities between the bearing wall and curtain wall, will be used more load-bearing wall panels than is necessary, and, accordingly, the cost of material and construction will increase. In addition, if all the walls are designed as bearing walls, it will be difficult to maintain (keep) a certain eccentricity and, therefore, worsen the earthquake.

As described above, according to the design load-bearing wall for wooden buildings according to the first aspect of the present invention, the bearing wall and curtain wall can be placed freely so as to maintain the optimum eccentricity, and, in addition, as a step or unevenness between the bearing wall and curtain wall is missing, the need to process grounds for removal of a step or unevenness between the bearing wall and curtain wall during insertion of the outer building material is also absent and, consequently, the construction process easier. In addition, according to the method of construction in which elements perceiving the load attached to the structural elements in the position in which the bearing wall panel is attached to the elements, perceiving the load in advance, there is the opportunity to handle the elements, perceiving the load, and the load-bearing wall panel at the construction site, and therefore, the quality of construction n the existing wall will improve. According to the design load-bearing wall for the wooden building according to the second aspect of the present invention, the elements receiving the load, not in use, the curtain wall and curtain wall can be positioned to ensure optimum eccentricity, and, in addition, there is no step or unevenness between the bearing wall and curtain wall. Thus, there is no need for processing the grounds for removal of a step or unevenness between the bearing and curtain wall during insertion of the outer building material, and the construction process is facilitated even more.

With regard to load-bearing wall, in a typical strapping the construction of the wall, to check the status columns and horizontal elements, which are the most important structural elements, it is necessary to remove the bearing wall panel. However, with regard to load-bearing walls on the first and second aspects of the present invention, the bearing wall panel does not close structural elements, and thus it is possible to check the frame without removing the bearing wall panel, even if the test frame is performed after a long period of time after completion of construction of the building according to the method of construction of wooden frames.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

1 shows a perspective view In the approaches implement 1 of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a vertical cross-section of Option 1 of the present invention.

Figure 3 shows a horizontal cross-section of embodiments 1 of the present invention.

Figure 4 shows a horizontal cross-section, whereby the outer building material attached in a position in which the bearing wall according to the Variant 1 of the present invention and curtain wall are adjacent.

Figure 5 shows the element receiving the load, which is used in the Version 2 implementation of the present invention and has a ventilation areas, passing through the element from the inside to the outside.

Figure 6 depicts a perspective view of embodiments 2 of the present invention, according to which elements are used, perceiving the load and having a vent areas, passing through these elements, from inner side to outer side, and a bearing wall panel attached to the elements, perceiving the load so that the bearing wall panel is not blocking the ventilation areas.

Figure 7 shows a horizontal cross-section of Option 2 implementation of the present invention.

On Fig depicts a horizontal cross-section, whereby the outer construction m is a material predetermined attached position, in which the bearing wall according to the Variant of the invention 2 of the present invention and are not load bearing wall are adjacent.

Figure 9 depicts a perspective view of a Variant of implementation 3 of the present invention.

Figure 10 shows a vertical cross section of a Variant of implementation 3 of the present invention.

Figure 11 shows a horizontal cross section of a Variant of implementation 3 of the present invention.

On Fig depicts a horizontal cross-section, whereby the outer building material attached in a position in which the bearing wall according to the Variant of the invention 3 of the present invention and curtain wall are adjacent.

On Fig depicts a perspective view of the construction of wooden frame buildings standard sample.

On Fig shows a vertical cross-section of the construction of wooden frame buildings standard sample.

On Fig depicts a horizontal cross-section of the construction of wooden frame buildings standard sample.

On Fig depicts a perspective view of the bearing wall of the manifold wall construction standard sample.

On Fig shows a vertical cross-section of the bearing wall of the manifold wall construction standard sample.

On Fig depicts a horizontal cross-section chosen to replace the th wall of the manifold wall construction standard sample.

On Fig depicts a horizontal cross-section, whereby the outer building material attached in a position in which the bearing wall of the manifold wall construction standard and curtain wall are adjacent.

On Fig depicts a horizontal cross-section, whereby the outer building material attached in a position in which the bearing wall of the manifold wall construction standard and curtain wall to which is attached a curtain wall panel are adjacent.

On Fig shows a diagram showing the connection of the connecting metal fittings (inverted V-shaped plate and bearing walls are built using timber frame walls, fabricated by means of standard bilateral construction method.

On Fig shows a diagram showing the connection of the connecting metal fittings (inverted V-shaped plate and the bearing wall panel according to the Variant 1 of the present invention.

On Fig shows a diagram showing the connection of the connecting metal reinforcement (corner metal fittings) and the bearing wall panel load-bearing wall, built using the manifold wall frame, fabricated by means of standard bilateral the procedure of construction.

On Fig shows a diagram showing the connection of the connecting metal reinforcement (corner metal fittings) and the bearing wall panel according to the Variant 1 of the present invention.

On Fig shows good (a) (b) bad (C) (D) examples of the location of load-bearing walls.

On Fig shows a diagram illustrating the balance of the earthquake resistance of buildings.

A DETAILED DESCRIPTION of the PREFERRED IMPLEMENTATION OPTIONS

Hereinafter, preferred implementations of the present invention will be described in Fig.1-25.

Figure 1-3 shows diagrams showing the construction of load-bearing wall 31 under Option 1 of the present invention, two mutually parallel racks 3 are arranged vertically and connected with a horizontal element (belt) 1 and a horizontal element (beam) 2 on the vertical end section and the intermediate section, and a rack 3, and the horizontal members 1 and 2 are structural elements.

On the inner side of the front surface of the closed above the uprights 3 and the horizontal members 1 and 2, which serve as structural elements, perceiving the load elements 7A, arranged vertically in parallel racks, and perceiving the load elements 7B, arranged horizontally parallel to the l is the number of elements 1 and 2, attached to the structural elements by means of the fastening elements 6.

Bearing wall panel 10 is attached to the front surfaces of the perceiver load elements 7A and 7B on the outer side of the nails 21, and thus formed bearing wall 31. Therefore, the area of the bearing wall panel is smaller than the area defined inner side surfaces, closed structural elements.

To prevent the protrusion of the front surface (side) of the bearing wall panel 10 located on the outer side beyond the front surface of the structural elements located on the outer side, when the bearing wall panel 10 is nailed to the perceiver load elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load elements 7A attached by fasteners 6 to the supports 3, which function as structural elements, in the position of the indent to the inner side (side) by a distance corresponding to the thickness of the supporting panel 10. Also, perceiving the load elements 7B are attached by fasteners 6 to the horizontal members 1 and 2, which function as structural elements, in the position of the indent to the inner side (side) by a distance corresponding to the thickness of the supporting panel 10.

Figure 3 shows the diagram pok is deeply horizontal cross-section of the bearing wall 31 embodiments 1, according to which the bearing wall panel 10 is nailed to the perceiver load elements 7A and 7B.

As shown in figure 4, even if the bearing wall 31 embodiments 1 built next to the curtain wall 30A, the front surface of the bearing wall 31 on the outer side (side a) closed the front surface of the curtain wall 30A on the outer side (side a), and accordingly the surface, necessary for the construction of the outer wall is flat.

Thus, there is the possibility to attach waterproof paper 15 to the structural elements and the bearing wall panel 10, not taking into account the step when connecting a load-bearing wall 31 and curtain wall 30A.

Regarding the sheathing 13, which is necessary for fastening the outer building material 16, there is the possibility of using the sheathing 13 of the same thickness as for load-bearing wall 31, and curtain wall 30A.

Therefore, there is a possibility of fastening the outer building material 16 without regard to the steps or irregularities in the connection between the supporting wall 31 and curtain wall 30A. You should pay attention to the fact that the above curtain wall 30A is depicted using the construction of the frame of the standard sample is shown in Fig-15.

Further, the bearing wall W according to Vari the NTU 2 implementation of the present invention will be described with reference to figure 5-8.

Ventilation parts 19 formed in perceiving the load element 8, are made by forming grooves passing through the inner and outer surface of perceiving the load element 8 to provide air flow between the inner and outer sides. As for the shape of the ventilation sections 19, despite the fact that, according to the present invention, formed of rectangular grooves may be used in any form such as, for example, arcuate grooves or round or rectangular holes, provided that the functioning of the ventilation.

Figure 6 shows the ventilation sections 19A formed in perceiving the load element 8A and fastened to the support 3, and the ventilation sections 19C formed in perceiving the load element 8B and attached to the horizontal element 2.

Constructive position in which the attached perceiving the load elements 8A and 8B containing the ventilation sections 19A and 19B will be described with reference to Fig.6. Bearing wall panel 10B nailed to perceiving the load elements 8A and 8B of the end sections of the bearing wall panel 10B separated from the support 3 and the horizontal element 2, which function as structural elements, in such a way as not to block ventilate the installed sections 19A vertically positioned perceiving the load element 8A and ventilation areas 19V horizontal perceiving the load element 8B.

Items 8A and 8B, perceiving the load attached to the support 3 and the horizontal element 2, respectively, and the fastening elements (6) are fixed in such a way that the openings of the ventilation sections 19A and 19B are in contact with the inner face surfaces of structural elements. Since the openings of the ventilation sections 19A and 19B are in contact with the inner face surfaces of the rack 3 and the horizontal element 2, which function as structural elements, elements 19A and 19B, perceiving the load attached to structural elements and thus provide the maximum area of the ventilation sections 19A and 19B and minimize the distance between the borders of the bearing wall panel 10B and constructive elements.

Under Option 2 implementation similar to Option 1, to prevent the protrusion in the outer side (side a) liceul surface of the bearing wall panel 10B in the outer side (side a) from the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side (side a), while the wall panel 10B nailed to the elements 8A and 8B, the elements 8A and 8B, perceiving the load attached by fasteners 6 to the horizontal element 2 and the stand 3 in the reverse position to the inner side (side) to a distance, suitably the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10B.

Figure 7 shows a diagram showing a horizontal cross section of a bearing wall W for Option 2 implementation, according to which the bearing wall panel 10B nailed to the elements 8A and 8B, perceiving the load containing the ventilation sections 19A and 19B.

As shown in Fig, even if the bearing wall W for Option 2 implementation erected next to the curtain wall 30A, the front surface of the bearing wall W on the outer side (side a) closed the front surface of the curtain wall 30A on the outer side (side a), and, accordingly, the surface of the base for fastening the outer building material 16 is flat.

Thus, there is a possibility of fastening of waterproof paper 15 to structural elements excluding the steps or irregularities in connection bearing wall W and curtain wall 30A.

As for the crates 13 required for fastening the outer building material 16, the sheathing 13 of the same thickness can be used for load-bearing wall W and curtain wall 30A.

Thus, there is a possibility of fastening the outer building material 16 without regard to the steps or irregularities in connection bearing wall W and curtain wall 30A. You should pay attention to the fact that the above curtain wall 30A is depicted with used in the construction of the frame of the standard samples, shown in Fig-15.

Next will be described the bearing wall S under implementation Variant 3 of the present invention with reference to figures 9-12.

Figure 9-figure 11 shows the design of load-bearing wall IS under implementation Variant 3 of the present invention, two mutually parallel racks 3 positioned vertically interconnected horizontal members 1 and 2 on the vertical end section and the intermediate section, and thus the rack 3 and the horizontal members 1 and 2 function as structural elements.

Bearing wall panel 10C is attached to the front surface above the racks 3 and the horizontal members 1 and 2, which function as structural elements, with the outer side (side a) and thus formed bearing wall S. On the front surfaces of the structural elements with the outer side (side a), attached load-bearing wall panel 10C formed by the recesses 11, the depth of which corresponds to the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10C. Thus, when the bearing wall panel 10C is attached to the recesses 11 of structural elements by means of nails 21, the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side (side a) does not act in an outer side (side a) from the front surfaces of the structural is a separate estimate from the outside (side a).

Figure 11 shows a diagram showing a horizontal cross section of a bearing wall S, which includes a bearing wall panel 10C, nailed to the posts 3, containing recesses 11, the depth of which corresponds to the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10C.

As shown in Fig, even if the bearing wall S on implementation Variant 3 built next to the curtain wall 30A, the front surface of the bearing wall S on the outer side (side a) is closed by the front surface of the curtain wall 30A on the outer side (side a), and accordingly the surface of the substrate required for the construction of the outer wall is flat.

Thus, there is a possibility of fastening of waterproof paper 15 to the structural elements of the bearing wall panel 10C without steps or irregularities in connection bearing wall S and curtain wall 30A.

As for the crates 13 required for fastening the outer building material 16, the sheathing 13 of the same thickness can be used for load-bearing wall S and curtain wall 30A.

Thus, there is a possibility of fastening the outer building material 16 without regard to the steps or irregularities in connection bearing wall S and curtain wall 30A. You should pay attention to the fact that the above curtain wall 30A of the image is Jena using the construction of the frame of the standard samples, shown in figures 13-15.

Next will be described the bearing wall, based on the wrapping of the wall construction standard sample with reference to Fig-20.

On Fig-18 shows the construction of bearing walls 31D based on the wrapping of the wall construction standard sample, and two mutually parallel racks 3 positioned vertically interconnected horizontal members 1 and 2 on the vertical end section and the intermediate section, and thus the rack 3 and the horizontal members 1 and 2 function as structural elements.

Bearing wall panel 10D is attached to the front surface above the racks 3 and the horizontal members 1 and 2, which function as structural elements, on the outer side (side a), and thus formed bearing wall 31D. As for load-bearing wall 31D based on the wrapping of the wall construction of the standard sample when the bearing wall panel 10D is attached to the structural elements by means of nails 21, the front surface of the bearing wall panel 10D on the outer side (side a) acts in an outer side (side a) from the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side (side a) at a distance corresponding to the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10D.

On Fig depicts the scheme, showing the position of the bearing wall 31D based on the wrapping of the wall construction of the standard sample in which it is located next to the curtain wall 30A containing only frame construction.

As shown in Fig, if the bearing wall 31D based on the wrapping of the wall construction standard, located close to the curtain wall 30A, the front surface of the bearing wall 31D on the outer side (side a) acts in an outer side (A) from the front surface of the curtain wall 30A on the outer side (side a) at a distance corresponding to the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10D. Thus, the base surface for attachment of exterior building material 16 is not flat, and there is a step, the height of which corresponds to the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10D, or unevenness occurs between the load-bearing wall 31D and non-bearing wall 30A.

Thus, the waterproof paper 15 is attached in a position where there is a step, the height of which corresponds to the thickness of the bearing wall panel 10D between the load-bearing wall 31D and non-bearing wall 30A, which complicates the fastening of waterproof paper 15. In addition, as for fastening the outer building material 16, the base on which is mounted the outer building material 16 must be flat, and trace the educational, there is a need to prepare two types of crates of different thickness, namely crates 13 for bearing walls and crates 13A for curtain walls.

Thus, it is necessary to carefully attach waterproof paper 15, sheathing 13 and 13A, as well as the exterior building material 16, including the steps or irregularities between the load-bearing wall 31D and non-bearing wall 30A. You should pay attention to the fact that the above curtain wall 30A is depicted using the construction of the frame of the standard sample is shown in Fig-15.

On Fig shows a diagram showing the position in which the bearing wall 31D based on a wood-frame wall blank standard sample, and curtain wall 30V, based on a wood-frame wall of the workpiece containing the curtain panel 9, were built nearby.

As shown in Fig, if the bearing wall 31D based on the wrapping of the wall construction standard, built next to the curtain wall 30V, based on the wrapping of the wall containing the curtain panel 9, the front surface of the bearing wall 31D on the outer side (side a) closed the front surface of the curtain wall 30V, based on the wrapping of the wall, on the outer side (side a), and accordingly the surface of the base for the construction of n the outer wall is flat.

Thus, there is a possibility of fastening of waterproof paper 15 to structural elements excluding the steps or irregularities in connection bearing wall 31D and curtain wall 30B. There is the possibility of using the sheathing 13 of the same thickness as for load-bearing wall 31D and curtain wall 30V for fastening to structural elements. However, if the curtain wall 30V based wrapper wall construction containing curtain panel 9, is used curtain panel 9, which is not required under normal conditions, and, therefore, require additional costs for materials, and, in addition, requires additional time and scope of work under construction.

The following describes the connection node of the metal reinforcement, such as an inverted V-shaped plate 25A, or the corner metal fittings 25V, which is usually used in order to secure Assembly of structural elements, the structural wall.

In the case of mounting an inverted V-shaped plate 25A, or the corner metal fittings 25V, connecting metal fittings, to the supporting wall 31D based on the wrapping of the wall construction standard sample, as shown in Fig and 23 to prevent the intersection of the bearing wall panel 10D and the connecting metal fittings, you made the th recess, such as notch notch 26A or 26C, in the bearing wall panel for mounting the bearing wall panel to the structural elements.

In addition, when forming the notches 26A or 26C in the bearing wall panel 10D cannot use a sufficient number of nails required to maintain operation of the bearing wall, and, therefore, near the site of excavation necessary to use nails 22 in number equal to or greater than the number of nails that can no longer be used in connection with the seizure.

On the other hand, according to the present invention, the bearing wall, described in this specification, contains structural elements that are not closed bearing wall panel, and the front surface of the structural elements on the outside are open. Thus, as shown in Fig and 24, there is a possibility of fastening the connecting metal reinforcement to structural elements of the bearing wall, bypassing the need to perform the notch on the bearing wall panel 10 and the additional use of nails 22.

As regards the manner of construction of the wall of the workpiece, under Option 1 of the present invention may use a method, according to which the structural elements, including the rack 3 and the horizontal members 1 and 2 are collected at the construction site, and then, after fastening elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load to the inner lateral surfaces, limited structural elements of the bearing wall panel 10 is attached to the elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load. However, there is another method of construction described below.

Bearing wall panel 10 is attached to the elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load in advance in a factory or similar enterprise, and the resulting panel containing the bearing wall panel 10 connected to the elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load is attached to the inner side surfaces of structural elements on the construction site. This method of construction avoids the necessity of mounting the bearing wall panel 10 to the elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load on the construction site and allows to reduce time of construction. In addition, to support the operation of the bearing wall, you must use a certain number of nails, depending on the ratio of the strength of the wall, through a special interval to attach the bearing wall panel 10 to the elements 7A and 7B, perceiving the load. If the number of nails is less than a certain amount, fixed rate the strength of the wall more cannot be observed. In the construction chosen to replace the th wall for fastening the bearing wall panel uses a huge number of nails and the control of careful attitude to the nails when working on site is very important in keeping the quality of construction.

Control is gentle on nails, namely the mounting of the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load on the plant and not on the construction site, can greatly improve the quality of the bearing wall, and also to reduce the time of construction.

You should pay attention to the fact that the above construction method can also be used in the construction under Option 2 implementation of the present invention.

Further, according to the present invention, the described mounting of external building material after the erection of load-bearing wall.

After mounting the bearing wall panel to the elements, perceiving the load, and to structural elements, waterproof paper 15 is attached in a horizontal position to an external (outer) side of the frame. At this stage perehlestyvajushchy edges of adjacent sheets of waterproof paper 15 are located one above the other and fixed. You should pay attention to the fact that the provisions, which set forth the overlying areas of the left and right perehlestyvajushchy edges of the waterproof paper 15, preferably located on the rack or frame.

After waterproof paper 15 is attached to the base, is placed outside a building material using crates 13 in the position in which providing the is the space of 12 mm or more on the outer side of the waterproof paper 15, and thus between the waterproof paper and an outer building material is formed a ventilation layer 14, which represents a space for ventilation. Moreover, on the inner side of the frame there is a wall with final interior finish, and inside the wall with the final interior finish is of insulating material to maintain a constant temperature inside. Ventilation is provided in the wall by fastening structural elements, the bearing wall panels, waterproof paper 15 and outdoor building material.

In the case when used in load-bearing wall panel with low permeability, it is desirable to use the elements 8A and 8B, perceiving the load, in which there are vent areas 19A and 19B with a view to the transfer of moisture on the inner side above the ventilation layer 14. Even if it is a bearing wall panel with low permeability, the use of elements of perceiving the load containing the ventilation areas, allows the moisture in the space inside the wall, to escape to the outer side (side A) load-bearing wall through the vent sections 19A and 19B of the elements, perceiving the load to pass through the waterproof paper 15 and out SLE the relationship ventilation layer 14, which is formed between the waterproof paper and an outer building material. Thus, the inner part of the bearing wall is always dry, corrosion or similar effects on structural elements can be prevented, and there is the possibility of increasing the life of the building. Moreover, although the waterproof paper 15 allows water vapor to come out of the walls, it prevents the movement of air and also prevents drops of water penetrated from the outside walls, inside walls.

Waterproof paper used in the present invention, for example, is a sheet that contains many small pores, the size of which is approximately several tens of micrometers. Waterproof paper has reliability, water resistance and corrosion resistance, and also has the property that does not pass large particles, such as rain drops, and at the same time ignores small particles, such as water vapor. Thus, the waterproof paper has an air permeability and water resistance, and also has an insulating effect preventing air movement. (As an example). As an example of such waterproof paper can be used Tyvek, manufactured by DuPont.

In the form of vent sections ale is new, perceiving the load containing the ventilation areas, which are used in the present invention may be used in any form provided that wall and outer side walls connected to each other. Ventilation areas having different shapes, such as round holes, square holes and round arched openings, with the exception of vent sections formed by the plate and the teeth of the bottom plate, as shown in Option 2 implementation of the present invention may also be used provided that the size and number of holes does not violate the required strength of the element, perceiving the load bearing wall.

Although the above described preferred implementations of the present invention, a specific modification of the present invention is not limited to these options, and various design changes, and other changes within the formula of the present invention, are also covered by the present invention.

1. Wall construction for wooden buildings, including bearing wall, curtain wall, the sheathing and exterior construction material, and the bearing wall, containing the elements of perceiving the load attached to the inner lateral surfaces, limited structural elements, including racks and horizontal the th elements of wooden buildings, includes a bearing wall panel attached to the outside of the perceiver load elements, and the front surface of the bearing wall panel with the outer side is flush with the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side and the outer surface of the adjacent curtain wall on the outer side.

2. Wall construction for wooden building according to claim 1, in which the elements, perceiving the load formed by the ventilation areas, passing through these elements, from inner side to outer side.

3. Wall construction for wooden building according to claim 2, where the bearing wall panel is attached to the elements, perceiving the load, with a gap between the structural elements and the edges of the bearing wall panel to avoid blocking the ventilation areas of the perceiver load elements.

4. The construction of the wall to the wooden building, containing bearing wall, curtain wall, the sheathing and exterior construction material, and the bearing wall, which includes a bearing wall panel attached to the front surfaces of the structural elements, including racks and horizontal elements of the wooden building on the outside, contains deepening, the value of which corresponds to the thickness of the supporting panel, sformirovann the e provisions where load-bearing wall panel attached to the structural elements, and the front surface of the bearing wall panel with the outer side is flush with the front surfaces of the structural elements on the outer side and the outer surface of the adjacent curtain wall on the outer side.

5. The method of construction bearing wall in wall construction for wooden buildings where the wall construction includes a bearing wall, load-bearing elements which are attached to the inner lateral surfaces, limited structural elements, including racks and horizontal elements of the wooden building, and supporting panel which is attached to the outer side perceives the load elements; curtain wall; a back wall and an outer building material, and the front surface of the bearing wall panel with the outer side is flush with the structural elements on the outer side and the outer surface of the adjacent curtain wall from the outside, and this method includes: a fastening element receiving the load, pre-attached to the bearing wall panel, the inner side surfaces of the supports or horizontal elements together with the bearing wall panel.

6. The method of construction bearing wall according to claim 5, according to which elements in prinimaya load formed ventilation areas, passing through these elements, from inner side to outer side.

7. The method of construction bearing wall according to claim 6, whereby the bearing wall panel is attached to the elements, perceiving the load, with a gap between the structural elements and the edges of the bearing wall panel to avoid blocking the ventilation areas of the elements, perceiving the load.



 

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