Scope

FIELD: visual scope of mark onto face of precious stone.

SUBSTANCE: device for observing information mark on face 7 of precious stone 6 is made in form of casing 1 for jewelry. Casing 1 for jewelry has substrate 2 to keep ring 5 with precious stone 6 on top of it and rotating cap 3. Rotating cap 3 has opening 15 in its top part; opening has 10x lens 16, that's why when cap 3 is open and turned by 30° angle, face of 7 of precious stone can be seen through lens 18. Moreover precious stone is illuminated by light that enters casing through slot formed when cap is opened. Light falls onto face slantwise and is regularly reflected through lens 16. Scope can be used for internal and external observation.

EFFECT: simplicity at use; improved comfort.

38 cl, 4 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to a device for visual observation of the labels on the verge of a precious stone, use an external light source. The invention relates in particular to the case for jewelry, which is used to store precious stones, particularly diamonds, or jewelry containing precious stones, in particular rings or earrings.

Prior art

Known cases for jewelry, consisting of a substrate serving as a support for precious stones or articles, and cover, which is rotated with respect to the substrate so that when the lid is closed, a precious stone or the product is inside a protective case, usually opaque to protect the precious stone or products from damage, and to a certain extent, to protect the jewelry or precious stone dust, and also to provide a larger volume, therefore, especially for precious stones, the topic is no longer relevant.

In recent years, some manufacturers of diamond introduced the practice of placing a label on the setting of precious stones and, more recently, on the verge of precious stones. The label may be a label containing any information, or stamp, such as an alphanumeric label, showing the origin is their gemstone or serial number, and/or may be a logo or trademark and/or mark indicating quality and authenticity. In accordance with modern technologies label is created on the edge by removing microscopic amounts of material precious stone, which can be considered as the application of the notches. Application technology notches are described, for example, in the United Kingdom patent 2325392 and publication WO 97/03846. The advantage of placing the label on the edge is that the face is not to be hidden when mounted gemstone. The label may be small enough in order to avoid reducing the value of a precious stone, usually it is invisible to the naked eye. However, the presence of labels on the verge of a gemstone is a valuable indicator, for example, that precious stone is synthetic and has not been treated to improve its color.

There are several ways of checking labels on the verge of a precious stone, but, in addition to using a simple magnifying glass magnifier for recognition labels or magnifying tweezers, they all require relatively bulky equipment, as well as, for example, removal of a precious stone from its case. There is a need to create a simple and convenient way to check the label. It is preferable to develop a method that does not require removal of dragon the frame of the stone out of the case and at the same time makes it easy to remove the gem from its case when it is required. The present invention is to eliminate at least one of the disadvantages of the prior art or the creation of a suitable alternative.

Any citation of prior art in the description is the recognition that the prior art is widely known or forms part of common knowledge in this field.

Disclosure of inventions

In the invention, an apparatus and method for monitoring. The invention can be created inexpensive device that uses an external light source, such as ordinary room light, or the top of the lamp, or exterior light (although alternatively, the device may be enabled such a light source, such as led), which enables a jeweler or a standard user to see and distinguish, recognize or read the label on the brink of a precious stone. When using the user holds the lens near the eye, choosing the angle of the longest element in such a manner that the line of precious stone was in focus, and then tilts the device for surveillance in order to obtain a mirror reflection of the external light source (as opposed to a diffuse reflection). The specified edge of the screen, the most remote from the axial connection, you can compress the sludge is then pressed and move, when this lens is moved at a shorter distance due to the leverage effect. Magnifying lens will create a magnified, virtual and live image of the label, while maintaining the correct position of the label relative to the axis of the lens. The axial connection allows you to adjust the lens in relation to the brink of a precious stone, so the face is located in the sought position and essentially under a predefined angle with respect to the axis of the lens, and the device will maintain the relative positions of the lens and the face of the gemstone. The device adjusts the relative positions of the precious stone and lenses, allowing you to easily see the label. The rotation of the longest element also provides a focus adjustment axis. Fine focusing is very simple for the user compared with the location of loose precious stones or pieces of jewelry and a magnifying glass.

Thus, the device provides a simple way of seeing the label, and in the preferred embodiment, the location is indoor or outdoor lighting without the need for any additional light source. The light falls on the face obliquely, i.e. at an angle to the normal. The slanting rays of light can enhance the contrast of the die-cut labels, and in any case give the ability to easily see carved tag, use the I am the light, mirrored from the brink.

The lens may have any suitable optical power, for example, greater than the force corresponding to the increase about 2 times, or about 6 times, for example, less than the force corresponding to the increase of about 20 times or 16 times, but it was found that lens with 10x magnification will be given the opportunity to read most of the labels used in the industrial production. The axis of the lens, preferably located at a small angle to the normal to the line connecting the specified edge and the axis of the swivel, it is inclined to the normal direction of rotation when lifting longest element. The angle is preferably not less than approximately 2° and not more than about 8 or 10°.

This longest edge of the element and the specified axial connection can be at a distance from the axis of the lens, which, at least, two, three, four or five times more effective radius of the lens. The effective radius of the lens is part suitable for transmission of light. Preferably longest element has a significant size in all radial directions from the lens. In this case, the extended element can be effectively opaque or, at least, effectively opaque in relation to one is th wavelength range, and he can act as a screen, which improves the definition of the image by reducing scattered light, which would affect the image quality. If the screen is opaque with respect to only one range of wavelengths, then the label is visible is better, if it is observed only in this wavelength range, and by this arrangement, when the light source provides radiation only in this range or due to the presence on the path of the light beam filter, for example, associated with the lens. The screen is located so that substantially reduce stray light that would affect the image quality of the face. For example, the screen may have sizes in all radial directions relative to the axis of the lens, which, at least approximately five times or ten times more effective radius of the lens (i.e. a lens part, which is available for light transmission).

In a preferred embodiment of the device for monitoring, in accordance with the invention, can function as a normal case for jewelry and give the possibility to distinguish between a label on a face with the eyes, without any additional equipment. Thus, the device according to the invention may be in the form of case for jewelry containing the substrate, which has the lighting installation is sablania, necessary to secure a precious stone or products, as well as an extended element, which is a cover rotatable relative to the substrate, so that when the cover is closed, a precious stone or the product is inside a protective case. Case for jewelry can match described in claim 11 of the formula. However, alternatively, the device for monitoring does not need to be closed to form a cover for the gemstone or jewelry and can simply serve to monitor labels. For example, it may have open ends and can be positioned so that the necklace or bracelet can be moved so that every precious stone was placed under the lens and tested sequentially. In this case, the mounting device is designed to have a gemstone or article in a sustainable manner.

The hinged connection may be in the form of hinge or hinge bolts. However, this is not essential and in other embodiments, the location of the hinge connection can be created in any suitable way, for example, using a one-piece elastically deformable plastic hinge, which may be a connection, molded as a single unit with a screen and a device for setting a gemstone./p>

The dependent claims define arbitrary, preferred or alternative features of the invention.

The invention is further explained in the description of variants of its implementation with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

figure 1 is a front view of the holder for jewelry;

figure 2 is a side view of the holder for jewelry, showing the parts with dotted lines;

figure 3 is a section along the plane III-III shown in Fig 1; and

figure 4 is a top view of the holder for jewelry, with the remote cover.

The device 1 made in the form of case 1 for jewelry, has a substrate 2 and an extended element or screen in the form of a flap or cover 3, which rotates relative to the substrate 2 using a simple hinge bolt 4. The substrate 2 has a device 8 for installation in a certain position, and, specifically, for saving or fixing ring 5, framing gemstone 6, shown as a diamond with a diamond cutting and, as usual, with the face 7, which is at the top. The cover 3 can be opened to an angle slightly greater 90°for easy manipulation or removal from the holder ring 5. When the cover 3 is closed, creates a protective case.

The setting device 8 which is raised as a rotating holder, which has a circular cylindrical Cup 9, placed in a cylindrical recess of the substrate 2 and held in place with opposite him locking pins 10, schematically depicted upside-down strokes in a U-shape, which pass over the upper part of the corresponding pin 10 and go down on each side to the bottom of the cylindrical Cup 9 (see dotted contour lines in figure 2); the latch 10' pins 10 are in contact with the annular groove around the cylindrical recesses in the substrate 2. Cylindrical Cup 9 has a foam filling 11, which has an almost horizontal upper surface 12, which forms a decorative background for the ring 5 (the outer surface 12 has a slit for insertion of the ring 5, and a base 13 which may be the case 1. The filler 11 has a traditional cut to accommodate the ring 5, so the ring 5 can simply be placed on the spot and held by friction, and the ring 5 can be raised above and lowered below without effort, manually. Rotating the holder 8, on the other hand, can be located with the possibility of holding a separate gemstone or other jewelry, such as earrings, while maintaining the location of the gemstone with its upper edge on the axis of the case 1. During manufacture the Oia can be inserted into one of a number of different holders 8. Also, thanks to snap the pins 10, the holder 8 can be easily removed, and various holders 8 can replace already installed the holder 8.

The holder 8 has a protruding up the tab 14, which has the same thickness as the wall of a cylindrical Cup 9, the upper part of which acts as the device height adjustment made when choosing the desired height for the face 7 of precious stones; thus, the device height adjustment is fixed on the substrate 2. Height gem 6 can be adjusted to approximate the level of the face 7 of the upper part of the tongue 14, for easy observation, as explained below. By capturing the base 13 of the holder 8 can be rotated around the vertical axis of the substrate 2 to approximate installation gemstone under his observation.

The cover 3 has an opening or aperture 15 in its upper part, containing a magnifying lens 16. The cover 3 is of such length in all radial directions to the axis of the lens 16, which corresponds to a distance essentially five times greater than the radius of the aperture 15 (which is the effective radius of the lens 16). As shown in figure 3, the distance from the left edge 3' of the cover 3 (which is the edge of the cover 3, remote from the hinge bolt (4)), and from the hinge bolt (4) to the axis of the lens 1, respectively 6.6 and 6 times greater than the effective radius of the lens 16 from its axis. The cover 3 is held below the level of precious stone 6, when the cover 3 is closed, and has a notch 17 on the side opposite the hinge bolt, through which light can reach the brink of 7 precious stone, when the cover 3 is lifted. The upper part of the recess 17 is essentially straight, and the centers of the lens 16 and the upper part of the recess 17 is essentially located in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the hinge bolt (4) cover 3. The substrate 2 has an upward protrusion 18 which mates with the recess 17 when the cover 3 is closed. The arrangement is such that when the cover 3 is opened about 30° (as shown in figure 3), face gem 7 can be observed by eye through the lens 16 with precious stone 6, illuminated by the light passing under the edge of the cover 3, remote from the hinge bolt (4) and entering the case through the gap formed due to the opening of the cover 3 (shown by arrows on the right in figure 3), i.e. through the notch 17, when the light falls obliquely on the face 7 of the precious stone. The axis of the lens 16 coincides with the axis of the observations are shown with arrows on the right in figure 3, but is located at an angle of 15° in relation to the axis of the case 1 (when the cover 3 is closed) and angle 4° with respect to the line connecting the lower part of the region 3' and the axis of the hinge bolt (4). Figure 3 shows that the light falls on the face 7 at an angle of 45°and the axis is observed for the I-45° in relation to the face 7, so the reflected image will be visible through the light falling on the face 7 and reflected through the lens 16.

The substrate 2 and the cylindrical glass holder 9 can be obtained by injection molding of any suitable opaque plastic material such as Acrylonitrile butadiene-styrene, and the lid 3 can be obtained by injection molding the same material or, alternatively, a transparent acrylic resin. In the latter case, the cover 3 and the lens 16 can be molded as one unit; and a cover 3, excluding the lens 16 may be a spray-painted. Filling 11 of the holder may be made of foamed plastic, such as polyurethane foam, and may have a front surface 12 in the form of a colored synthetic velvet. The lens 16 can have a 10-fold increase. Lens 16 may be made of glass or plastic. To obtain a reflection of the size of the diameter of the base 13 may be 28 mm

Although the present invention described above just as an example, in the framework of the invention can be considered different ways. Each option is presented in the description, claims, abstract and drawings, may be replaced by an alternative that serve to resolve the same, equivalent or similar tasks.

1. The method of observation of the object (7), according to which is in use, the device (1), contains the installation device (8) for installation of the object element (3)having an aperture (15), swivel (4) between the element aperture and mounting fixture, and the aperture is substantially removed from the swivel, and a magnifying lens (16) in the aperture;

set the object using the mounting device;

illuminate the object of the external light source and observe the object through the light coming from the external light source, which passes under the edge of the element aperture,

characterized in that they see the label on the edge (7) of the gemstone (6) or jewelry (5), including precious stone, and precious stone set using the setting device, and an element with an aperture (3) has the form of a shielding element, so that the aperture (15) is located between the swivel (4) and the edge (3') of the shielding element, remote from the hinge connection, and at a considerable distance from them, and the shielding element is rotated relative to its swivel to focus the image of a face, and to obtain coincidence of the axis of observations with passing through the lens light resulting from specular reflection from the faces of the light passing under the edge of the shielding element and incident on Gran is at an angle to the normal of the face.

2. The device (1) for implementing the method according to claim 1, containing

device (8) for setting a gemstone or jewelry (5), which includes a precious stone(7);

the shielding element (3);

articulated joint (4) between the shielding element and mounting fixture;

the aperture (15) in the shielding element is located between the swivel and the edge (3') of the shielding element, remote from the hinge connection, separated from them by a substantial distance; and

magnifying lens (16) in the aperture; and

when using the shielding element is made to rotate relative to a precious stone to provide visual observation of the facets of a precious stone through the light passing under the specified edge (3) and specularly reflected from the face at an angle to the normal face to focus the image of the face.

3. The device (1) according to claim 2, made with the possibility of observing the label on the edge (7) of the gemstone (6) in a plane parallel to the axis of the specified swivel (4).

4. The device (1) according to claim 2, in which the adjusting device (8) configured using the rotation around the vertical axis of the substrate, located at the required distance from the swivel perpendicular to the shielding element (3) p and finding the shielding element in the lower position.

5. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, in which the adjusting device (8) is a separate part of the substrate (2) and in the course of manufacture can be selected installation accessories from a wide range of possible installation of fixtures and inserted into the substrate.

6. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, in which the adjusting device (8) is made with the possibility of easy removal from the substrate (2) and replace other installation accessories.

7. The device (1) according to claim 2, in which a precious stone (6) can be adjusted in height.

8. The device (1) according to claim 7, containing the device (14) height adjustment made when choosing the desired height for the face (7) of the gemstone made with the possibility of adjusting the height of a gemstone or jewelry and approached the level of the faces for convenient observation through the lens (16).

9. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the shielding element (3) acts in all radial directions from the lens (16) and is opaque, due to which the light passes under the specified edge (3) of the shielding element is mirrored from the brink and passes through the lens.

10. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the shielding element (3) acts in all radial directions from the lens (16) and is opaque in at least one wavelength range of the light source, in this case the aperture (15) and the lens are transparent in the specified range, so the light passes under the specified edge (3') long element and flipped through the lens.

11. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, wherein said edge (3') of the shielding element (3) is at a distance from the axis of the lens (16), which is at least twice the effective radius of the lens.

12. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the specified swivel (4) is at a distance from the axis of the lens (16), which is at least twice the effective radius of the lens.

13. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the axis of the lens 16 is located at a small angle to the normal to the line connecting the specified edge (3') and the axis of the swivel (4), and it is inclined to the normal to the direction in which the shielding element (3) moves relative to the precious stone.

14. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the adjusting device (8) is located so that when the device (1) is installed with the axis of the swivel (4) horizontally and face (7) of the gemstone horizontal, and the lens (16) is above the face, the face will be above the level of the axis of the swivel.

15. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the set is offered by the device (8) is thus when the shielding element (3) is turned right down, face (7) of the gemstone, essentially, is located on the axis of the lens (16).

16. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8, in which the ratio between the lens (16) and the adjusting device (8) is such that the shielding element (3) can be rotated to a position in which the lens close to and generally parallel to the face (7) of the gemstone.

17. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8 are located so that when the device vertically, the axis (4) swivel will be horizontal, and if the gemstone (6) is installed in the center of the mounting device (8) with the specified face (7), located horizontally at the top, the shielding element (3) can be rotated relative to the gemstone in such a position, when the face (7) of the gemstone can be visually observed through the light passing under the specified edge (3), mirrored from the brink at an angle to the normal with respect to a face and focus lens so that the image faces can be perceived by the eye.

18. The device according to claim 7 or 8, in which the adjusting device (8) is arranged to adjust the height of a gemstone (6) or article (5) and a device (14) of height adjustment when determining the desired height for the face (7) precious to the mnya, so the height of a gemstone or jewelry can be adjusted to approximate the level of the face using the height adjustment for comfortable observation through the lens (16).

19. The device (1) according to any one of claim 2 to 4, 7 and 8 containing the substrate (2)supporting the setting device (8), and the shielding element can be closed for forming together with the substrate holder for gemstone (6) or jewelry (5).

20. The device (1) 17 containing the substrate (2)supporting the setting device (8), and the shielding element can be closed for forming together with the substrate holder for gemstone (6) or jewelry (5).

21. The device (1) according to claim 19, which is the case (1) for jewelry containing substrate (1), which contains the specified setting device (8), which is used to store precious stone (6) or article (5), the shielding element (3), which is the cap, which rotates relative to the substrate so that when the lid is closed, gemstone or jewelry are inside a protective case, the lid and the lens (16) are arranged so that, when the cap is rotated and opened on the corner essentially a smaller 90°, the label on the edge (7) of the gemstone, the illuminated light beam is, within the case through the slit (17)formed when the cover is opened, may be visible through the lens.

22. The device (1) according to claim 20, made in the form of case (1) for jewelry containing substrate (2)containing the specified setting device (8) for setting a gemstone (6) or jewelry (5), the shielding element (3) is made in the form of a cover and can be rotated with respect to the substrate and closing of the precious stone and the cover and the lens (16) are located so that when the cover is at an angle less 90°, the label on the edge (7) precious stone, illuminated by the light entering the case through the gap formed when the cover is opened, can be observed through the lens.

23. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the device (14) height adjustment of claim 8 or 18 is fixed on the substrate (2).

24. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the adjusting device (8) is located with the option of maintaining jewelry in the form of a ring (5), containing a precious stone (6), so a piece of jewelry in the form of a ring can be set with a gemstone at the top.

25. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the edge of the cover (3) in its closed position, is located below the level of precious stone (6) and the cover is provided with a cutout (17) on the side opposite the hinge connection (4), through which the light can reach the precious stone, when the lid is raised.

26. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the cover (3) in its closed position, is located below the level of precious stone (6) and provided with a cutout (17) on the side opposite the hinge connection (4), and the length of the cut is substantially less than the length of the corresponding side through which light can reach the gemstone when the cover is raised.

27. The device (1) according A.25, in which the neck (17) has an essentially straight upper portion and the centers of the lens 16 and the tops are cut in a plane normal to the axis of the swivel (4).

28. The device according to p, in which the neck (17) has an essentially straight upper portion and a lens (16) and the tops are cut in a plane normal to the axis of the swivel (4).

29. The device (1) according A.25, in which the substrate (2) has an upward protrusion (18) for coupling with the recess (17)when the lid is closed.

30. The device (1) according to clause 29, in which the neck (17) is formed in the edge part of the shielding element (3).

31. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the adjusting device (8) can be rotated around a vertical axis with respect to the substrate (2), for the approximate install gems (6) while watching.

32. The device (1) according p, in which the adjusting device (8) is fixed on the base (13), on which the DG can be installed substrate.

33. The device (1) according p, in which the adjusting device (8) contains an element having a circular cylindrical part (11)placed in a cylindrical recess in the substrate (2) and serves to support precious stone (6) or jewelry (5), and the protruding upward part (14)to control the height.

34. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the adjusting device (8) is a separate element substrate selected from a set of different installation devices.

35. The device (1) according to claim 19, in which the adjusting device (8) is made with the possibility of its removal from the substrate (2) and can replace other installation accessories.

36. The method according to claim 1, which is realized with the use of the device (1) according to any one of p, 4, 7 and 8.

37. The method according to claim 1, implemented using device 17.



 

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