Tank-borne party ferry

FIELD: self-propelled party ferries; crossing through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed self-propelled ferry may be self-propelled in water, may be transported by land and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with swivel deployment mechanisms interconnected together and equipped with roadway; ferry includes central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons having sledge lines at fore and aft transoms, deckhouse with control members, engine and its associated systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoon, swivel fore and aft fairings, wash plates and ramps. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms in side pontoons for mounting fore superstructure with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when shifting it from deployed to stowed position. For deployment of the ferry to working position, mounting the fairings, ramps and wash plates and folding them in the stowed position, ferry is provided with hydraulic system with actuating hydraulic cylinders. Deckhouse is lightly armored. Each pontoon and aft superstructure are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Engine fuel tanks and hydraulic fluid tanks for hydraulic system are arranged in middle compartment of center pontoon; power plant and one water-jet propeller of propulsion and steering complex are arranged in aft compartment; second water-jet propeller is arranged in aft compartment of the same pontoon. Storage battery unit of electrical equipment system is located in racks on level of deck in central compartment of aft superstructure. Ferry is provided with buoyancy maintenance system whose pumps are mounted in each pontoon; ferry is also provided with fire-fighting system.

EFFECT: increased cargo capacity of ferry; enhanced buoyancy and maneuverability; retaining functional capabilities in case of fire attack.

9 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to airborne self-propelled ferries and is intended for the terminal main tanks through water barriers, including in circumstances where probably combat interaction with the enemy.

Known engineering crossing the landing tool [1], including ferries, designed for crossing water obstacles of military equipment and troops, distinguished capacity, ability samotnosc water and transportation by land, some of which is designed for transportation of heavy equipment. Such ferries, based on the purpose, there are contradictory requirements. Ideally, the steam must be able to be transported by rail, samorodnostju by land and water, and sufficient capacity in the water, determined by the displacement, for transportation of heavy equipment, in the invention of tanks, the bulk of which came close (and foreign exceeded) 50 tons. But since the displacement and the size (volume) of the ferry are in the right proportion, are only acceptable compromise solutions, in particular, in terms of transportation.

So to achieve this level of load was applied ferries type SHG [1, p.10-12, Risa and 16B], consisting of two polubarinov, with uraemic on the water, thus polypropy transported by land on a special chassis (using the base chassis of the tank PT-76). Tracked mover of these chassis were used for the movement of the ferry across the water.

The use of two specialized chassis and low speed on the water are the disadvantages of the ferry.

Known self-propelled ferries type PMM, replacing ferries SHGs, the lifting of which is tracked ferry-bridge machine PMM-2M [1, p.10-12, 16B], which contains a specialized crawler chassis with top antonopoulou part, men and land tracked propulsion, hull and two folding pontoon, which in the transport position, the stacked bunk package on the chassis. This machine is used as a steam tank, could be transported by rail on two platforms with the installation on the first platform chassis, the second bunk pontoon package, had a capacity of about 43 tons, provide transportation of all Russian tanks were armed.

The main disadvantages of the known ferry-bridge machine is currently little capacity afloat, associated mainly with the necessity available tonnage to ensure the buoyancy of own transport chassis, body and tracked propulsion to the showing of a relatively massive due to the necessary movement by land, including unsettled roads or off-road. It is not possible to transport this machine on the water more modern heavy tanks. Moreover, simply increasing the dimensions of the pontoons leads to loss of transportability as by rail and by land because of the increased size.

A number of ferries [2-4], performed with the possibilities of samotnosc on water, and transportation by land and launching of specialized vehicles, such as crawler belt according to the patent of Russian Federation №2207281 [5].

So the Shuttle tank vapor [2], composed of two displacement pontoon units, interconnected, each link of which consists of two outer and two medium pontoons, allows you to send tanks on the water. However, for the carriage of each link requires an individual vehicle.

Known motor units [3, 4], which consist, each, of hull-borne corps and United with him by hinges and butt nodes folding pontoon, with relatively wodoslawsky case, half the displacement. The case contains a motor and men water jet. At the rear of motor units installed on the deck of the cabin and the opening mechanism and the folding of the folding pontoons, made using a system of pulleys and tro the new drive. On the outer sides of the pontoons placed misbelieve butt nodes that can be used to connect to the pontoon links. The pontoons and the casing is fitted in the forward part of the rotary fairing and aft pontoons - swivel-reflecting shields. These motor units are transported by land to the pontoon car. For the carriage of motor link bunk is folded into the package by turning the hinge side pontoons 90° and laying them on wodoslawsky case.

In addition, motor link [4] to enter the transported equipment is equipped with a built roadway on the deck of the pontoon and hull-borne body, hinged entrance ramp located in the continuation of the roadway on the side pontoons. Pontoons and wodoslawsky the body is made from a formed on the transom (partially or fully) toboggan lines. On the pontoons posted by rotating in a horizontal plane relative to the pontoons rigid bow and stern floats with fairings, the final formation of the sled contours of the pontoons, which reduces the resistance to movement of the ferry afloat. The most essential features set forth in the claims and in the description motor link [4] according to the patent of Russian Federation №2187441, it is taken as a prototype.

As can be seen, motor link [4], in comparison with similar commercial tan the new ferry [2], more transportable by land, and more adapted to transport tanks.

However, the drawbacks of the motor element of the prototype are:

- not enough high load capacity, predetermine the irrational use of the square hull-borne housing for placement on its deck portion of the pontoons in the transported position (it should be noted that the increase of the longitudinal or tall dimensions will result in the loss of transportation on land);

- lack of adaptability of its design in relation to the maintenance of buoyancy on the water while dropping heavy military equipment mainly in terms of fire resistance;

- the lack of reliable protection of the crew of the ferry;

- low efficiency of deployment and stowage in the transport package, which are defined, including the use of the cable drive mechanism;

- change stability on the water as running out of fuel.

The present invention is the creation of a crossing ferry tank with increased capacity and buoyancy to ferry heavy armored vehicles, mostly tanks through water obstacles.

The technical result achieved by the invention, is associated with remedy these shortcomings and is to increase capacity, PL is lucesti and maneuverability ferry as well as ensuring the preservation of the functionality of ferry traffic conditions on the water, including fire resistance.

The problem is solved in that in the airborne tank ferry, made with the possibilities of samotnosc water, transportation by land and by launching a specialized vehicle containing features a swivel disclosure mechanisms, pivotally interconnected and equipped with built-in roadway on the decks of Central motor pontoon and side hinged pontoons, made with toboggan lines on the stern and the bow of the boat, cabin control, the engine and its systems and propulsion and steering complex installed in the engine pontoon, rotary nose and aft fairings, reflecting shields and entry ramps, according to the invention of the bow and aft deck-parts motor pontoon made for front and rear transom of the side pontoons with providing placement opportunities to put the parts respectively of the front superstructure with integrated wheelhouse and aft of the superstructure and installation of the side pontoons between the add-in to convert the boat into a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed working position to a folded transport, and to deploy the ferry from the package in a production p is the situation, installation of fairings, ramp and seawall panels and folding the listed nodes in the transport position the ferry is equipped with hydraulic system actuating cylinders, thus cutting made lightly armored, each pontoon and aft superstructure divided by partitions into sealed compartments, tanks with fuel to power the engine and the working fluid of the hydraulic system is placed in the middle compartment of the Central pontoon, power plant and one of the cannons propulsion and steering of the complex is located in the aft compartment, and the second jet pump in the forward compartment of the pontoon, a rechargeable electrical system of the ferry is placed in the rack at the level of the deck of the ferry in the Central compartment aft add-ons, while the ferry is equipped with a system for maintaining buoyancy on the water with pumps in each pontoon and fire extinguishing system.

The best result is achieved if:

- propulsion and steering complex ferry used water cannons radial type with a controlled rotary nozzle;

the add - in and the cabin is installed on the deck console, but their lower end, projecting beyond the deck, cut at an angle to the horizon with the formation of a smooth transition in the sliding surface contour of the front and rear transom motor pontoon;

- nasal and feed the new fairings side pontoons are made in the form of floats, providing increased lateral displacement of the pontoons to the level of displacement of the Central pontoon located in the working position of the upper part in the continuation of the pontoon deck and stacked, everyone in the area, forming the sled perimeter of the pontoon, when translating the ferry from operating position to transport position;

the inner space of the Central compartment aft of the superstructure are connected by a duct with the inner space of the aft compartment with capability convection or forced heating unit batteries in cold weather when heating the engine before starting or when the engine is running. The most rational execution of the duct, for example, under the deck in the form of an aperture in the partition;

- built-in cutting made lightly armored;

the height of the front of the superstructure and deckhouse made based on the conditions of possibility of keeping on top of them aimed fire from tank weapons transported tank;

- in the hydraulic system deployment ferry used Executive cylinders with pins for installation made in the middle part of the sleeve housing cylinder;

- on the roof of the wheelhouse completed device for installation of small-caliber machine gun or automatic cannon.

Analysis of the main distinctive priznaki who showed that:

- making the bow and stern deck parts motor pontoon for front and rear transom of the side pontoons provides the possibility for made parts respectively of the front superstructure with integrated wheelhouse and aft of the superstructure. When this add-on installation and logging on deck motor pontoon console and slice their lower parts, the speakers for the deck at an angle to the horizon with the formation of a smooth transition in the sliding surface contour of the front and rear transom motor pontoon allows, first, to provide a minimum resistance to the movement of the ferry on the water with the exception of pouring water on them, and secondly, to ensure the possibility of descent into the water and exit the water in the ponds with steep banks, in the third, to ensure good visibility for the crew of specialized vehicles, such as crawler Transporter [5], in the process transportation by land and ferry descent it on the water. Another possibility, considered the hallmark is providing styling long side pontoons between the add-in to convert the boat into a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to transport position;

- equipment ferry hydraulic system actuating cylinders for connecting the Oia ferry from the package into the working position, installation of fairings, ramp and seawall panels and folding the listed nodes in the transport position provides compactness of the host drive and Executive bodies, excluding cable inherent mechanisms layout complexity. The use in the hydraulic system deployment ferry Executive cylinders with pins to install them (weight bearing)made on the middle part of the sleeve body of the cylinder, reduces the required space occupied by the cylinders (taking into account the rotation of the cylinder from the initial position);

- execution of cutting lightly armoured provides bullet-proof and ballistic protection for the crew of the ferry from enemy fire, eliminates acoustic effects and the impact of the shock waves from the shot of the tank transported tank crew ferry (if necessary conduct aimed fire);

- division of each pontoon and aft of the superstructure partitions into sealed compartments increases the buoyancy of the ferry when combat damage or the occurrence of leakage due to other operational reasons. This also contributes to the supply of ferry system maintain buoyancy in the water with the location of bilge pumps (pumps) in each pontoon;

- the placement of the tanks with fuel for the pit is of the engine in the middle compartment of the Central pontoon provides the possibility of system power to the motor fuel uniform generation of significant fuel, allowing you to keep the center of mass of the ferry and to exclude a possible roll of the ferry as running out of fuel at its other accommodation, serves the same purposes accommodation in the middle compartment of the tank with the working fluid of the hydraulic system;

- the placement of one of the water jets propulsion and steering unit in the aft compartment, and the second jet pump in the forward compartment of the same pontoon and use in propulsion and steering complex ferry cannons radial type with a controlled rotary nozzles provide better maneuverability ferry in motion and the possibility of a reversal of the ferry, almost, around a vertical axis passing through the center of mass of the ferry;

- placing the battery pack (battery) electrical system ferry in the rack at the level of the deck of the ferry in the Central compartment aft of the superstructure, provides accommodation block on the battery in a well-protected environment and a normal power supply, including operation of dewatering equipment, with the exception of de ferry partial emergency filling water motor pontoon;

- equipment ferry fire extinguishing system increases the safety of its operation;

- placement of the power unit in the aft compartment of the Central pontoon increases its security;

- execution of bow and stern fairing side pontoons as floats, providing increased lateral displacement of the pontoons to the level of displacement of the Central pontoon located in the working position of the upper part in the continuation of the pontoon deck and stacked, everyone in the area, forming the sled perimeter of the pontoon, when translating the ferry from operating position to transport position, ensures the compactness of the side pontoons with increasing displacement of the ferry afloat, improving men of the properties and facilities of transportation on land;

- the unification of the internal space of the Central compartment aft of the superstructure of the duct with the internal space aft of the engine compartment pontoon provides the opportunity convection or forced heating unit batteries in cold weather when heating the engine before starting or when the engine is running. The most simple and efficient convection heating to perform a duct, for example, under the deck in the form of an aperture in the partition;

- execution of the height of the front of the superstructure and deckhouse on the basis of the conditions of possibility of keeping on top of them aimed fire from tank weapons transported tank provides the transported tank the possibility of aimed shooting directly with the ferry;

- performance device for mounting a machine gun or malakili the nuclear biological chemical (NBC automatic gun on the roof of the wheelhouse, you need to install the designated weapon for firing unloaded ferry or crossing on the ferry equipment, not having weapons.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:

- figure 1 is a side view of the ferry, prepared for transportation on a crawler Transporter;

- figure 2 is a top view of the ferry in the unfolded working position;

- figure 3 is a view of the steam side (type a in figure 2). The dash-dotted line shows the position of the pontoons ferry in the transport position;

- figure 4 is a front view of the ferry deployed in the operating position (view B, figure 3). The dash-dotted line shows the placement of the transported tank on the ferry;

- figure 5 is the same as in figure 2, only deck motor pontoon and deck side pontoons, delineated by line digging, not shown;

- figure 6 is a longitudinal section through the aft motor pontoon (section along b-b In figure 2);

- 7 - the location of the nose fairing is in the transport position of the ferry (type G figure 1).

Amphibious tank ferry 1, see figure 1-4, made with the possibilities of samotnosc on the water, and transportation by land and by launching a specialized vehicle 2.

Steam 1 consists of a Central pontoon 3, hereinafter referred to as a motor, and lateral folding of the pontoons 4 and 5. Folding pontoons 4 and 5 are connected with a motor pontoon 3 with hinge joint 6. In the transport position, as shown in figure 1, steam represents the t of a three-tier package with motor pontoon 3 in the lower tier and side pontoons 4 and 5 in the second and third tiers. To deploy the ferry from the transport position into the working position in the area of the side of the boat ferry posted by rotary mechanisms 7 disclosure.

On decks 8 (8′, 8′′) pontoons along the transverse axis of the ferry O1-O1passing through the center of mass Of executed amplification and riffling the deck sheets with the formation of the built-in roadway 9 (9′, 9′′) for passage of the tank and the outer transom side pontoons 4 and 5 hinged installed hinged ramps 10 and 11.

All pontoons stern and bow of the boat is made with toboggan lines "a" ("a′"), reducing the wave generation and the resistance to movement of the ferry afloat. Geometric dimensions (height - hpwidth - bpand as a consequence the cross-section of the Central parts of all pontoons are made the same. However, the length (lp) motor pontoon 3 level deck is made greater than the length (lp′) lateral pontoons 4 and 5, by making the bow and stern deck parts motor pontoon for front and rear transom of the side pontoons with the formation of a console located on the motor ferry protrusions deck. On the front ledge above the deck the entire width of the motor made pontoon superstructure 12 with an armored cabin 13, built on the center of the superstructure 12. Actually the said superstructure and deckhouse form the nose of the motor pontoon. On the back ledge above the deck performed aft superstructure 14 is also on the entire width of the motor pontoon. Both superstructure and deckhouse in turn installed on the deck console, but their lower end, projecting beyond the deck, cut at an angle α to the horizon with a smooth transition surfaces "b" and "C"formed by lines of cut in the surface of the sliding rim "and" as the front and rear transom motor pontoon.

This embodiment of the motor pontoon allows you to tuck the side pontoons between spaced add-conversion ferry in a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to transport position with rectangular, close to the square, the total cross-section of the package. Because of this (in comparison with analogues and prototype) improved hull-borne volume of the ferry with the highest compactness of the overpack. The presence of the mentioned sections in the lower part of the front superstructure and deckhouse retains a high level of visibility for the operator of a specialized vehicle 2, including when driving on rough terrain and the work associated with the descent of the ferry on the water, and steam gives good conditions of entry into the water during the descent.

Each pontoon, see also figure 5 and 6, is divided by transverse partitions 15 in the sealed compartment is ensuring substantial increase opportunities maintain the buoyancy of the ferry on the water in conditions of combat damage or leakage, due to other operational reasons. This principle of division into compartments defined based on the fact that the filling of one of the compartments of the water did not lead to a complete loss of buoyancy of the entire ferry. In the proposed invention the design of each of the pontoons is divided at least into three compartments: a Central - 16 (16′ and 16′′), bow 17 (17′ and 17′′) and feed 18 (18′ and 18′′). The motor 19 of the power plant and the main elements of the systems servicing the engine, directly in charge of his work, placed in the aft compartment of the motor 18 of the pontoon 3. (It should be noted that, as in any other vehicle, not all elements of the systems servicing the engine, located near the engine).

Torque of the engine through the gearbox 20 and the main transmission system, the propeller shaft 21 is transmitted to the jets 22 propulsion and steering unit. On the ferry in the engine pontoon has two jet propulsion engine of the radial type with adjustable 360° using the rotary nozzle thrust vector. To improve mobility ferry cannons 22 posted (along the length of the pontoon) for the maximum distance possible, maximising the use of tractive force to turn or maneuver, and placed in the aft compartment 18 to the first jet pump, and in the forward compartment 17 - the Torah.

Tank (tanks) 23 with fuel to power the engine placed in the middle compartment of the motor pontoon with a maximum approximation of the center of mass transport of fuel to the center of mass Of the ferry. Here, without going beyond the transverse axis About1-O1posted tank 24 with the working fluid (oil) hydraulic system, which will be described below. Scheme allows to keep the center of mass of the ferry and to exclude a possible roll of the ferry as running out of fuel if you use a different layout. For the same reason, the selected placement of the tank 24. Although the working fluid of the hydraulic system is an almost prachowny material, but a well-developed network of hydraulic equipment may be significant as to influence the change of the position of the center of mass of the ferry when another, more than offset the placement of the tank 24 (in particular, in emergency situations, such as partial or complete flooding of the compartments of the side pontoons ferry).

From the gearbox 20 and the main transmission implemented the PTO on the gearbox 25 drive hydraulic pumps 26 and 27. The hydraulic pump 26 is used for rotation of the hydraulic motors, bilge pumps 28 dewatering system organized in such a way as to ensure the outflow of water from each pontoon in its combat damage or the occurrence of a leak and the pump 27 is used to supply the actuators produced by ferry, is including Executive cylinders 29 are installed in the rotary actuator mechanisms 7 disclosure ferry.

The ferry is equipped with a fire extinguishing system 30, since there is a hazard from fuel and oil used as the working fluid, including hydraulic motors and hydraulic cylinders installed in each pontoon, fire extinguishing system, equipped with sensors and extinguishing devices arranged in each pontoon.

Cutting 13 ferry is designed to accommodate the crew and the relevant authorities to deploy ferry into position and motion control afloat.

Aft superstructure ferry 14 partitioned by partitions into compartments. In the Central compartment 31 of the superstructure 14 in the rack 32 has a rechargeable 33 electrical system of the ferry. The battery 33 is located above the level of the bottoms of the pontoons, excluding flooding at hit her in the compartments of the ferry. At the same time, in terms of the crossing of the tank when the sludge ferry maximum, this compartment is a well-protected, trudnoporoshkuemye zone. To ensure reliable operation of the battery in cold weather used method convection their heating, although it is possible to install additional fan (not shown) to improve air circulation. With this purpose, the inner space of the Central compartment 31 aft of the superstructure 4 is connected by a duct with the internal space aft compartment 18 motor pontoon. The duct is made under the deck in the form of an aperture g in the partition, through which when heated by the engine before starting or when the engine is running, the warm air enters the compartment 31, fueling battery.

The execution of the front and rear transom of the side pontoons with surfaces "a", forming a sledge contours, reduces their displacement. To compensate for the displacement of a loaded ferry on the side pontoons installed rotary nasal 34 and feed 35 fairings made in the form of sealed displacement floats, which in the transport position (see Fig.7) occupied zone formed by the cutouts on the pontoons forming sledge lines and in the open position are arranged in the continuation of the deck at her level, increasing the length of the pontoon. Also in this area, stacked seawall panels 37 of the side pontoons. Installing the fairings 34 and 35 and seawall panels 37 is the same cylinders 38.

For installation of entrance ramps 10 and 11 are also used hydraulic cylinders 39. To access the units, mechanisms and systems of the ferry deck pontoons and add-ons made the hatches.

The height of the deckhouse 13 is made with the possibility of keeping on top of it aimed fire of the tank, including a direct shot, or coaxial machine gun transported the tank and h is the bow superstructure 12 is of slightly less height cuttings that gives the possibility of keeping on top of it aimed fire with some variation of the weapons and, moreover, reduces the projection of the ferry.

On the cabin's roof 13 is a bracket 40 for mounting and fixing the small-caliber machine gun or automatic cannon. If required, such weapons may be installed, providing the possibility of a fire through the hole 41 a member of the crew of the ferry.

In the hydraulic system deployment ferry used Executive cylinders 29 by pins 42 to install them, made on the middle part of the liner of the cylinder barrel, which allows to reduce the required space occupied by the cylinders 29 (including pumping).

It should be noted that the proposed ferry meets all the requirements for equipment when transported by rail. When such transportation ferry 1 is located on a separate platform folded and special vehicle is located on the other (neighboring) platform.

The work of ferry

When organizing a ferry tank specialized vehicle 2 with the installed ferry 1 extends forward to a water hazard and is installed near the water or in shallow water, enters the water to a certain level. Steering-minder (or the entire crew of the ferry from the specialized t is ansporting funds through the hole 41, made in the roof of the wheelhouse, 13, takes his workplace in the wheelhouse and, depending on the conditions of the crossing and operational instructions, or runs of the engine 19, discloses a hydraulic drive side pontoons in the working position, after which the ferry vehicle is lowered onto the water, for example, by way of a slide. Another method of lowering may be such that when the steam pre-fall vehicle on the water, and then the disclosed hydraulic side pontoons. After full disclosure of the pontoons 3-5 are fixed hydrostorm (not shown), excluding spontaneous rotation in the hinge 6 relative to each other.

Then, in the working position are relevant feed cylinders 35 and nasal 34 fairings and seawall panels 36, which also stopped, and then ferry the Board takes place with the use of water jets 22 about its own axis and reveals the ramp, allowing entry of the tank on the ferry on one of the ramps and road on the deck, with the location of the center of mass transported the tank above the center of mass of the ferry. Then the tank is now on the ferry, such as the formulation of the mountain brake, ramp-up installed in the transport position, and steam begins to move in the desired direction. This will be followed per the law, upon completion of which the process occurs in reverse loading, and for the exit of the tank with a ferry you use another ramp located along the direction of movement of the tank. In the process of crossing in the presence of firing anti tank has the capability of doing a circular of fire from machine-gun armament and in the established sector in the direction of motion of the ferry from the tank. The crew of the ferry while protected from bullets and shrapnel fire of enemy attack and the impact of a shock wave and a jet of gas flowing (after the exit of the projectile from the barrel) when you fire the cannon transported the tank.

Thus, the present invention solved the task of creating amphibious tank ferry high payload with the achievement of the claimed technical result, namely to increase the capacity, buoyancy and maneuverability of the ferry, as well as ensuring the preservation of the functionality of ferry traffic conditions on the water, including fire resistance.

Sources of information

1. Zubrow Century, Stepanov A. "Engineering crossing airborne means of the USSR and Russia", journal of engineering and weapons", No. 10, 2001, p.1-13.

2. RF patent №2185996 invention "Shuttle tank steam" on the application number 2001118261/28 from 04.07.2001,, CL 7, 63 In 35/54, 63 In 35/36.

3. RF patent №2098314 the invention "Motor link under the application №96111473/11 from 06.06.1996,, class 6 In 63 In 35/54, E 01 D 15/14.

4. RF patent №2187441 invention "Motor link under the application №2000131920/28 from 21.12.2000, CL 6, 63 In 35/54, E 01 D 15/14.

5. RF patent №2207281 invention "Crawler Transporter" on application No. 2001110531 from 17.04.2001,, CL 7 62 D 55/00, E 01 D 15/22.

1. Amphibious tank steam, made with the possibilities of samotnosc water, transportation by land and by launching a specialized vehicle containing features a swivel disclosure mechanisms, pivotally interconnected and equipped with built-in roadway on the decks of Central motor pontoon and side hinged pontoons, made with toboggan lines on the stern and the bow of the boat, cabin control, the engine and its systems and propulsion and steering complex installed in the engine pontoon, rotary nose and aft fairings, reflecting shields and entry ramps, characterized in that the bow and stern deck parts motor pontoon made for the front and rear transom of the side pontoons with providing placement opportunities to put the parts, respectively, of the front superstructure with integrated wheelhouse and aft of the superstructure and installation of the side pontoons between the add-in to convert the boat into a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to the folded Tr is nsportname, and for the deployment of the ferry from the package into position, install the fairings, ramp and seawall panels and folding the listed nodes in the transport position the ferry is equipped with hydraulic system actuating cylinders, thus cutting made lightly armored, each pontoon and aft superstructure divided by partitions into sealed compartments, tanks with fuel to power the engine and the working fluid of the hydraulic system is placed in the middle compartment of the Central pontoon, power plant and one of the cannons propulsion and steering of the complex is located in the aft compartment, and the second jet pump in the forward compartment of the pontoon, a rechargeable electrical system of the ferry, placed in the rack at the level of the deck of the ferry in the Central compartment aft of the superstructure, while the ferry is equipped with a system for maintaining buoyancy on the water with pumps in each pontoon and fire extinguishing system.

2. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that its propulsion and steering complex used water cannons radial type with a controlled rotary nozzle.

3. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the superstructure and deckhouse installed on the deck console, but their lower end, projecting beyond the deck, cut at an angle to the horizon with obrazovateljnogo transition sliding surface contour of the front and rear transom motor pontoon.

4. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the bow and aft fairings of the side pontoons are made in the form of floats, providing increased lateral displacement of the pontoons to the level of displacement of the Central pontoon located in the working position of the upper part in the continuation of the pontoon deck and stacked in each zone, forming the sled perimeter of the pontoon, when translating the ferry from operating position to transport position.

5. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the internal space of the Central compartment aft of the superstructure are connected by a duct with the internal space aft of the engine compartment of the pontoon, with capability convection or forced heating unit batteries in cold weather when heating the engine before starting or when the engine is running.

6. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 5, characterized in that the duct is made, for example, under the deck, in the form of an aperture in the partition.

7. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the height of the front of the superstructure and deckhouse made, based on the conditions of possibility of keeping on top of them aimed fire from tank weapons transported the tank.

8. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the hydraulic system deployment the aroma used Executive cylinders with pins to install them, made on the middle part of the liner of the cylinder barrel.

9. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that on the roof of the wheelhouse completed device for installation of small-caliber machine gun or automatic cannon.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferrying heavy materiel through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry may be transported by land and may be launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. It is provided with deployment mechanisms articulated together and equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons, deck house with control members, engine with its systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoons, fore and aft fairings with wash plates and swivel ramps mounted on side pontoons. Pontoons have similar displacement; they are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Each ramp is made in form of watertight displacement-type skeleton imparting additional transversal stability to ferry during embarkation of tanks which may be locked in any position on hinged pontoon within preset angles of turn. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms of side pontoons for position of fore superstructure on the extended parts together with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when it is returned from deployed position to stowed position. Fuel tanks of engine supply system are arranged in middle compartment of central propulsion pontoon; they are arranged in groups located symmetrically relative to center of mass of ferry; each of them is provided with service tank fitted with fuel-contents gage and interconnected by means of pipe lines for centralized refueling through filler neck located in fore superstructure, thus ensuring smooth consumption of fuel from tanks both through service tanks and through one of them; provision is made for disconnection of group of tanks in case of damage to one of them with the aid of electric two-way valves. Propulsion and steering complex includes radial-type water-jet propellers at varying thrust vector; water-jet propellers are provided with vacuum pumps which are so mounted that air may be evacuated from water-jet propeller trunks which are filled with water before switching-on the pumps. Pumps may be switched on/off both automatically and manually from control console mounted in deckhouse.

EFFECT: increased cargo carrying capacity of ferry; improved running properties in shallow water; enhanced resistance to damage in combat.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.

5 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: ferries for rivers of limited navigation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is provided with pontoons which are spaced apart in width and are made from different materials; cargo and passenger deck is secured on pontoons at two levels. Ferry is also provided with propulsion plant. Upper surface of cargo deck rising above water during operation is located in center plane of cylindrical pontoons; lower part of cargo deck which possesses positive buoyancy is immersed in water. Middle cylindrical part of each pontoon is made from non-metallic materials and is connected with metal end units by means of flanged joint located inside pontoon. Propulsion plant consists of two portable units mounted turnably on cargo deck for control of heading; these units are spaced apart along longitudinal axis of symmetry on edges of cargo deck.

EFFECT: increased capacity of ferry at shallow draft.

4 cl, 9 dwg

Recreation ship // 2270132

FIELD: shipbuilding; designing cargo and passenger ships.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ship has hull with pointed fore lines and flat-bottomed aft part which is closed with deck. Erected on deck is superstructure whose rear wall is used as hinged ramp of cargo compartment. Propulsion and steering complexes are arranged in midsection of ship in wells for raising and lowering them.

EFFECT: possibility of approach to shallow water areas; facilitated procedure of cargo-handling jobs.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding; collapsible pontoons.

SUBSTANCE: proposed pontoon-catamaran includes flat float assembled from sections which are interconnected by means of beams. Floats are provided with wheel recesses and folding supports for bumpers. Pontoon intended for front-drive automobile is provided with swivel propellers at drive from front wheels. Pontoon intended for rear-drive automobile is provided with bladed rudders at drive from front wheels and propellers at drive from rear wheels. Automobile pushes itself together with pontoon into water by use of its own mass and moves in water by means of its engine; control of pontoon motion is effected from automobile cabin.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding; river ships; self-propelled watercraft for carrying automobile transport facility, agricultural equipment and passengers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry includes pontoon with rollers and electric motor fitted on it; electric motor is connected with reduction gear by means of clutch and is set in motion by means of rope guide pulley lined with rubber. Arranged in house mounted on ferry are current collectors for supply of electric motor with electric power by means of contact wires stretched above river by means of supports; electric motor rotates rope guide pulley engageable with embracing rope.

EFFECT: increased cargo capacity; increased thrust; improved vision of berth.

7 dwg

The invention relates to the field of river shipbuilding, namely the river ferry crossing and, in particular, to a self-propelled floating facilities for the joint transportation via rivers, canals vehicles agricultural machinery, livestock and passengers

The invention relates to a means of transportation on water and can be used as an alternative to the yacht or boat, lovers of boating, workers away from city farms and agricultural areas

Shuttle tank vapor // 2185996
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, in particular to the ferries

Ferry // 2184046
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the ferries

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferrying heavy materiel through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry may be transported by land and may be launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. It is provided with deployment mechanisms articulated together and equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons, deck house with control members, engine with its systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoons, fore and aft fairings with wash plates and swivel ramps mounted on side pontoons. Pontoons have similar displacement; they are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Each ramp is made in form of watertight displacement-type skeleton imparting additional transversal stability to ferry during embarkation of tanks which may be locked in any position on hinged pontoon within preset angles of turn. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms of side pontoons for position of fore superstructure on the extended parts together with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when it is returned from deployed position to stowed position. Fuel tanks of engine supply system are arranged in middle compartment of central propulsion pontoon; they are arranged in groups located symmetrically relative to center of mass of ferry; each of them is provided with service tank fitted with fuel-contents gage and interconnected by means of pipe lines for centralized refueling through filler neck located in fore superstructure, thus ensuring smooth consumption of fuel from tanks both through service tanks and through one of them; provision is made for disconnection of group of tanks in case of damage to one of them with the aid of electric two-way valves. Propulsion and steering complex includes radial-type water-jet propellers at varying thrust vector; water-jet propellers are provided with vacuum pumps which are so mounted that air may be evacuated from water-jet propeller trunks which are filled with water before switching-on the pumps. Pumps may be switched on/off both automatically and manually from control console mounted in deckhouse.

EFFECT: increased cargo carrying capacity of ferry; improved running properties in shallow water; enhanced resistance to damage in combat.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.

5 cl, 9 dwg

Motor link // 2187441
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, in particular for motor parts

Shuttle tank vapor // 2185996
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, in particular to the ferries

Ferry // 2184046
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the ferries

The invention relates to crossing-bridge means carried by the car

Pontoon // 2149796
The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular, to the design of the pontoons, and can be used for the carriage of wheeled self-propelled transport

Motor link // 2120880
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to a pontoon parks, and can be used to build floating bridges and ferries

Motor link // 2120879
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the tugs

Foldable link // 2063361

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.

5 cl, 9 dwg

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