Self-propelled ferry d. r. gaborova
The invention relates to the field of river shipbuilding, namely the river ferry crossing and, in particular, to a self-propelled floating facilities for the joint transportation via rivers, canals vehicles agricultural machinery, livestock and passengers. Steam contains a pontoon posted on the ramps, troublefree devices and propulsion to move a rope stretched across the river and fixed ends on its banks, and is supplied mounted on the overhang support-rotating device mounted on an outboard motor can be rotated 360on the vertical axis. The technical result is an increase maneuverability and reliability management system ferry to go back and increase the performance of the ferry on shipping by increasing speed by reducing the width of the housing. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill.
The invention relates to the field of shipbuilding, namely the river ferry crossing and, in particular, to a self-propelled floating facilities for the joint transportation via rivers, canals vehicles, agricultural machinery, livestock and passengers.
Known samanata, stretched across the river, the ends of which are secured to the opposite sides, and is equipped with a triangular sail, located under the bottom of the vertically installed at an angle of 45the vector currents (see p. M. of the Russian Federation No. 5575 and No. 5576, M CL 63 IN 35/54, EN PNO No. 12, 1997).
The disadvantages of such self-propelled ferries is that accommodation under the bottom of the ferry vertically sails will require additional capital costs for the dredging of the river all the way to the ferry, as well as poor performance on the shipping, which is entirely dependent on the flow rate of the river (which is the mover of the ferry, the ferry is inefficient when working in waters with low flow of the river and, in addition, it is difficult to manage.
The closest technical solution to the claimed chosen as its prototype, is the crossing of the ferry rope containing transportable steam from the pontoon units that host the ramp, troublefree device and propulsion system to move a rope stretched across the river and fixed ends on its banks (and see.with. The USSR №433060, M CL 63 In 35/54, 1974, bull. No. 23).
The main important shortcomings of the prototype are low manilenos work) due to the absence of the device of the reversal of the motor complex 180and low productivity in the transportation of goods due to the low speed ferry, due to the high water resistance of the body by increasing its width in order of placement on the body of ferry propulsion complex and troubleclef devices.
The aim of the invention is to improve the maneuverability and reliability management system ferry when driving on the back move, as well as improving the performance of the ferry on shipping by increasing speed by reducing the width of the body.
This goal is achieved by the fact that to improve agility and increase the reliability of the control system by ferry when driving on the back during a self-propelled ferry is equipped with the rotary support with the installed outboard motor, with the possibility of rotation up to 360about a vertical axis, and to improve the performance of the ferry on shipping by increasing speed by reducing the width of the hull mounted ferry runs out, running rotation device with an outboard motor. Comparative anal device with the installed outboard motor with rotation up to 360relative to the vertical axis, and on it is mounted a run-out, running rotation device with an outboard motor.
Thus, the claimed self-propelled ferry meets the criteria of the invention of “novelty.”
The analysis not only of the prototype and similar, but also other well-known technical solutions in the study area equipment allows to make a conclusion about the absence of these symptoms that are similar to the essential distinguishing features of the claimed self-propelled ferry, and to recognize the claimed technical solution meets the criterion of “significant differences”.
The set of essential features specified in the invention, directly affects the technical result in the achievement of the objectives of the invention. Thus, between the new set of essential features (with respect to the selected prototype and achievable technical result there is a causal connection that indicates compliance of the claimed technical solution the criterion of “inventive step”.
Industrial applicability of the claimed device is characterized by the possibility of carrying out the invention in practice (i.e. using all f the above technical effect.
Summary of the invention is illustrated by drawings, where:
- Fig.1 shows a steam, a view of the left side;
- Fig.2 shows a plan of the ferry;
- Fig.3 shows the vapor in the section a-a in Fig.1;
- Fig.4 shows cross-section B-B in Fig.3;
- Fig.5 shows the view In Fig.3;
- Fig.6 shows the node G in Fig.4;
- Fig.7 shows a diagram of the mechanism of rotation of a turntable with outboard motor;
- Fig.8 shows a section d-D in Fig.7.
The ferry consists of a pontoon 1 (Fig.1, 3, 5, 8), along hull sides on bracket 2 (Fig.3, 4, 5) mounted obnosy 3 (Fig.2, 4, 6), which, on the starboard fixed troublefree device 4 (Fig.5) the guide rope 5 (Fig.1, 2, 5), with the left side set rotation device with an outboard motor 6 (Fig.1, 2, 4, 7, 8). Rotation device includes a stationary support 7 (Fig.6, 8), made in the form of a ring and is fixed by screws to the flange 8 (Fig.6) welded to the deck run-out 3 (Fig.6), and the movable support 9 (Fig.6, 8), made of two rings, upper and lower, connected by screws. On the upper ring of the rolling bearing 9 includes an annular groove-streams and placed the base plate 10 (Fig.4, 8) for mounting the outboard motor 6 (Fig.4) when installing it on opofik.6) are steel balls 11 (Fig.6). On the ferry in the area of the fore and aft ends installed ramps 12 (Fig.1, 2) to conduct cargo operations (entry and exit of vehicles, agricultural machinery and so on). On the main deck of the pontoon 1 are add-in which is placed from the right side space 13 (Fig.1, 3) to shelter passengers in bad weather and in winter, and from the left side - duty room 14 (Fig.1, 3, 8) for the crew on the deck which made cutting 15 (Fig.1, 3, 7, 8), equipped helm station 16 (Fig.7, 8) and the wheel 17 (Fig.7, 8) rigidly connected with the drum 18 (Fig.7, 8), interacting with ropes 19 (Fig.7, 8), zaparovannyi in guide blocks 20 (Fig.7, 8), and branches within the annular groove-streams of the mobile support 9 (Fig.6, 8) at the ends of the rope 19 (Fig.7) fixed to the drum 18 and the mobile support 9. In the area of the outboard motor 6 is detachable fender shields 21 (Fig.1) to protect the propeller outboard motor 6 from the ice in winter.
Self-propelled ferry operates as follows. Upon completion of the loading of vehicles and passengers on the ferry up the ramp 12 (Fig.1, 2). Then from cuttings 15 (Fig.1, 3, 7, 8) rotation of the steering wheel 17 (Fig.7, 8) through the drum 18 (Fig.7, 8), interact and-streams of the mobile support 9 (Fig.6, 8), carried out using steel balls 11 (Fig.6), the rotation of the mobile support 9 (Fig.6, 8) is placed and fixed on the base plate 10 (Fig.4, 8) outboard motor 6 (Fig.1, 4, 8). Thus, the mover of the ferry with the help of a turntable when you turn on the forward stroke turns around and takes the position that corresponds to the planned course of motion of the ferry. After unmooring ferry from pier from cuttings 15 (Fig.7, 8) from the control station 16 (Fig.7, 8) motor is activated to start the outboard motor 6 (Fig.1, 4, 8), with the inclusion of which forward gear and gas is driven propeller that creates a tractive effort on the movement of the ferry forward on the guide rope 5 (Fig.1, 2, 5), stretched across the river and zapisannomu in troublefree device 4 (Fig.5). Upon arrival of the ferry at the destination, after mooring to the berth and after installation of ramps 12 (Fig.1, 2) in the working position, the unloading and loading of vehicles, agricultural machinery, disembarking and embarking passengers. Upon completion of the loading of vehicles and passengers on the ferry up the ramp 12, and then from top deck 15 by the rotation of the wheel 17 (Fig.7, 8) through the drum 18, interacting with cantata a 180about a vertical axis, a movable support 9 with the placed and fixed on the base plate 10 outboard motor 6. Thus, the mover of the ferry with the help of a turntable when you turn on the forward stroke turns around and takes a position corresponding to the rate of movement of the ferry in the opposite direction. After that, the whole production chain to enable and management outboard motor 6 to move the ferry to the opposite shore is repeated. When the ferry in winter conditions and in order to protect the propeller outboard motor 6 from the ice are removable bumper plates 21 (Fig.1).
Also moving ferry in Shuttle mode (i.e. without reversals ferry berth) can be carried out without the guide rope 5 (Fig.1, 2, 5) and troubleclef device 4 (Fig.5) if on the ferry to place a turntable with outboard motors 6 from both sides.
Claimed self-propelled steam due to the presence of a turntable with the installed outboard motor, remotely controlled from wheelhouse, in addition to improving mobility and increasing the reliability of the control system by ferry doing the work of the crew easier and more productive, and once the aroma, it also improves conditions of service mover, facilitates repair and replacement of the engine. Therefore, the use of the claimed invention will significantly improve the feasibility and performance characteristics.
1. Self-propelled steam containing the pontoon posted on the ramps, troublefree devices and propulsion to move a rope stretched across the river and fixed ends on its banks, characterized in that it is equipped with the rotary support with the installed outboard motor that can be rotated 360on the vertical axis.
2. Steam under item 1, characterized in that it is mounted runs out, running rotation device with an outboard motor.
FIELD: shipbuilding; river ships; self-propelled watercraft for carrying automobile transport facility, agricultural equipment and passengers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry includes pontoon with rollers and electric motor fitted on it; electric motor is connected with reduction gear by means of clutch and is set in motion by means of rope guide pulley lined with rubber. Arranged in house mounted on ferry are current collectors for supply of electric motor with electric power by means of contact wires stretched above river by means of supports; electric motor rotates rope guide pulley engageable with embracing rope.
EFFECT: increased cargo capacity; increased thrust; improved vision of berth.
FIELD: shipbuilding; collapsible pontoons.
SUBSTANCE: proposed pontoon-catamaran includes flat float assembled from sections which are interconnected by means of beams. Floats are provided with wheel recesses and folding supports for bumpers. Pontoon intended for front-drive automobile is provided with swivel propellers at drive from front wheels. Pontoon intended for rear-drive automobile is provided with bladed rudders at drive from front wheels and propellers at drive from rear wheels. Automobile pushes itself together with pontoon into water by use of its own mass and moves in water by means of its engine; control of pontoon motion is effected from automobile cabin.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: shipbuilding; designing cargo and passenger ships.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ship has hull with pointed fore lines and flat-bottomed aft part which is closed with deck. Erected on deck is superstructure whose rear wall is used as hinged ramp of cargo compartment. Propulsion and steering complexes are arranged in midsection of ship in wells for raising and lowering them.
EFFECT: possibility of approach to shallow water areas; facilitated procedure of cargo-handling jobs.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: ferries for rivers of limited navigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is provided with pontoons which are spaced apart in width and are made from different materials; cargo and passenger deck is secured on pontoons at two levels. Ferry is also provided with propulsion plant. Upper surface of cargo deck rising above water during operation is located in center plane of cylindrical pontoons; lower part of cargo deck which possesses positive buoyancy is immersed in water. Middle cylindrical part of each pontoon is made from non-metallic materials and is connected with metal end units by means of flanged joint located inside pontoon. Propulsion plant consists of two portable units mounted turnably on cargo deck for control of heading; these units are spaced apart along longitudinal axis of symmetry on edges of cargo deck.
EFFECT: increased capacity of ferry at shallow draft.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.
5 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferrying heavy materiel through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry may be transported by land and may be launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. It is provided with deployment mechanisms articulated together and equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons, deck house with control members, engine with its systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoons, fore and aft fairings with wash plates and swivel ramps mounted on side pontoons. Pontoons have similar displacement; they are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Each ramp is made in form of watertight displacement-type skeleton imparting additional transversal stability to ferry during embarkation of tanks which may be locked in any position on hinged pontoon within preset angles of turn. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms of side pontoons for position of fore superstructure on the extended parts together with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when it is returned from deployed position to stowed position. Fuel tanks of engine supply system are arranged in middle compartment of central propulsion pontoon; they are arranged in groups located symmetrically relative to center of mass of ferry; each of them is provided with service tank fitted with fuel-contents gage and interconnected by means of pipe lines for centralized refueling through filler neck located in fore superstructure, thus ensuring smooth consumption of fuel from tanks both through service tanks and through one of them; provision is made for disconnection of group of tanks in case of damage to one of them with the aid of electric two-way valves. Propulsion and steering complex includes radial-type water-jet propellers at varying thrust vector; water-jet propellers are provided with vacuum pumps which are so mounted that air may be evacuated from water-jet propeller trunks which are filled with water before switching-on the pumps. Pumps may be switched on/off both automatically and manually from control console mounted in deckhouse.
EFFECT: increased cargo carrying capacity of ferry; improved running properties in shallow water; enhanced resistance to damage in combat.
10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: self-propelled party ferries; crossing through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed self-propelled ferry may be self-propelled in water, may be transported by land and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with swivel deployment mechanisms interconnected together and equipped with roadway; ferry includes central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons having sledge lines at fore and aft transoms, deckhouse with control members, engine and its associated systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoon, swivel fore and aft fairings, wash plates and ramps. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms in side pontoons for mounting fore superstructure with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when shifting it from deployed to stowed position. For deployment of the ferry to working position, mounting the fairings, ramps and wash plates and folding them in the stowed position, ferry is provided with hydraulic system with actuating hydraulic cylinders. Deckhouse is lightly armored. Each pontoon and aft superstructure are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Engine fuel tanks and hydraulic fluid tanks for hydraulic system are arranged in middle compartment of center pontoon; power plant and one water-jet propeller of propulsion and steering complex are arranged in aft compartment; second water-jet propeller is arranged in aft compartment of the same pontoon. Storage battery unit of electrical equipment system is located in racks on level of deck in central compartment of aft superstructure. Ferry is provided with buoyancy maintenance system whose pumps are mounted in each pontoon; ferry is also provided with fire-fighting system.
EFFECT: increased cargo capacity of ferry; enhanced buoyancy and maneuverability; retaining functional capabilities in case of fire attack.
9 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: crossing bridge means; collapsible pontoons and ferries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed collapsible unit includes two end articulated and two middle pontoons, ramp and collapsible streamlined shields located on one of transoms of collapsible unit. Each ramp is provided with longitudinal guides on lower plane and each collapsible streamlined shield is made from middle section and two end articulated sections locked with braces relative to middle section. Middle section is provided with stop and is movably connected with longitudinal guides of ramp by means of rollers located on upper edge of shield and is rotatably connected by means of connecting rods articulated at one end to lugs on rear plane of middle section; at other end provided with tubular head it is articulated to axles found on side walls of ramp.
EFFECT: facilitated action of crew in handling the collapsible shields during ferry crossing; reduction of time required for loading the equipment on and unloading the equipment from ferry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water transport, namely to transportation of motor vehicles and passengers between river banks with limited navigability. The ferry is made up of two spaced pontoons, a positive floatability deck fastened between with the lower submerged part. The above-water deck surface is arranged in the pontoons centre plane. The ferry is provided with propulsion plant representing two units mounted along the deck boards made up of a pipe, an engine with screw propeller arranged inside the pipe and steering branch pipe linked with the pipe to turn about the ferry lengthwise axis. Both branch pipes are pivoted together, one of them being furnished with a lever crank-rod assembly with the branch pipe turning drive mechanism.
EFFECT: higher transportation capacity and smaller ferry draft.
4 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry comprises floating structure furnished with "П"-shape prop fitted at the said structure forebody, cable, steering device, two rotor-type windmills, hydraulic turbine and electric generators arranged at the structure stern, and pneumobottles arranged on the floating structure boards. Note here that one end of the aforesaid cable is fastened to the said prop while the other end is anchored at the river center bottom, in the river upstream water.
EFFECT: easier operation of large-size ferries, production of electric power exploiting wind and water stream.
2 cl, 5 dwg