Inflatable element and the vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge park

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to crossing-bridge means carried by the car. Inflatable element (1) ferry-bridge Park contains two medium (2) and two extreme (3) of the container, the upper part of the deck which is a supporting plate with rods, reinforced nodes rigidity, and underneath each container inflatable floats (17) with farms, paired through the ropes with a compression device. Secondary containers are interconnected by two deck locks and in the bottom plane of the open cut two containers of bulge loops. Each extreme container pivotally connected with the middle container in the plane of the deck three deck hinges and two zygomatic locks, located on the lower level of the open cut of the containers. On the transom link kassimeris are located at the same distance from the longitudinal axis in the same plane two butt-unit and two pin locking mechanism of the links in the line of the bridge or ferry. The farm nearest to the rear side of a carrier sheet deck rigidly mounted in the container, and the most remote farm has a protective sheet of a durable Mat is worn to crossing-bridge means, and more particularly to a mobile floating bridges and ferries, a maneuver which another water obstacle by transport links by car.

Known river link related to crossing-bridge means, in particular to the floating bridge or ferry, consisting of two pontoons rectangular form, the hinged interconnected longitudinal edges near the bottom and is fitted on the transom butt sites /1/.

Vehicles for transportation of river level according to the description of the invention to the patent of the Russian Federation /1/ selected by the analogue of the claimed link and the vehicle is not equipped with special devices for transporting and folding of the link.

For unloading, stacking and loading of river link use the crane on a separate chassis /1/. You can use samokutyayev link with the working platform of the car /1/.

The disadvantage of river level and vehicle for transportation is that they do not provide a sufficiently high economic and technical-tactical performance during loading and transportation of the river level. Thus, the use of a crane for loading and unloading of parts significantly reduces the scope of work and uveliry. Unloading river links samokutyayev difficult, as neither the car nor the link is not equipped with special devices, and the sliding link on the wooden platform of the car can only be done with a large inclination of the vehicle on the Bank, i.e., in a specially equipped conditions. In addition, a car carried only one link. When using the famous river links in mobile kit (Park) means for transporting each link provides the vehicle, which significantly increases the cost of the kit (Park).

Known pontoon link pontoon-bridge Park, selected as a prototype, containing the average pontoon and two extreme side of the container, fastened together /2/. Side containers contain inflatable floats with farms retractable into containers by means of tightening devices. Each tightening device is made with a rotary drum, a fixed support which is mounted inside the container. To the outside at the farm each inflatable float one end attached to the cable, the other end of which is wound on the drum, the axis of which is attached to the head of the drum, to the Institute with the other ratchet dog, mounted on the fixed bearing of the drum.

The disadvantage of this link pontoon-bridge Park is that it does not provide a sufficiently high economic and technical-tactical performance during loading and transportation management. So, for folding and loading pontoon link to the car and unload it, apparently, used truck crane (see, for example, mobile cranes /3/), which reduces the scope of work and increases the timing equipment terminal and maneuver terminal to another water barrier. The average height of the pontoon and on-Board containers significant that it is not possible to transport more than one link on one car. When using the famous pontoon links in mobile kit pontoon-bridge Park for the carriage of each link provides the vehicle, which significantly increases the cost of such Park.

Known trucks having a frame on which is fixed the transmission, engine, electrical, controls, cab and body with a platform (the floor of the body) /4/. The link on the platform of the car is secured by twisting of the wire. Body side during transport links, the, what is the fact that it does not provide folding and loading of the units on the platform (floor pan). Transportation links on the platform causes the need to strengthen links on the platform by twisting of the wire, which complicates the work of the pontoon and increases the time of the preparatory periods during loading and unloading of parts. For folding, loading and unloading of parts is also necessary to use the crane. The presence of the crane reduces the scope of work and increases the timing equipment terminal. Download link without crane by samokutyayev difficult and requires additional special conditions for samokutyayev link from the platform (floor pan). Under each link provides the car.

The objective of the invention is to enhance the economic, technological and military-technical parameters of the equipment and coagulation terminal by providing: transportation on the same vehicle more than one link; unloading, stacking and loading of parts without the use of a crane and, consequently, expansion of the scope of work and reduction of terms of equipment and coagulation terminal by reducing transport volumes of parts and equipment of cargo automobiles, the solution of the task is achieved by that link inflatable mobile ferry-bridge Park, containing inflatable floats with farms, paired through the ropes with a compression device according to the invention:

first (in the first embodiment), the link contains two medium and two extreme container, the upper part of the deck which is a supporting plate, in particular, of metal welded to the surface of the deck at an angle to the axis of the container overlapping the bars and reinforced nodes rigidity in the form of wavy grooves, while average containers are interconnected by two deck locks and in the bottom plane of the open cut two containers of bulge loops, and each outermost container pivotally connected with the middle container in the plane of the deck three deck hinges and two zygomatic locks, located on the lower level of the open cut of the containers, in addition to the transom link kassimeris are located at the same distance from the longitudinal axis in the same plane two butt-unit and two pin locking mechanism of the links in the line of the bridge or ferry, and inflatable floats are placed under each container and connected by a pipe with the nipple-stico asnago Board, and at the middle by means of the thumb of the farm attached to the cable tightening device, besides the farm nearest to the rear side of a carrier sheet deck rigidly mounted in the container, and the most remote farm is equipped with a protective sheet of hard material, in particular metal.

secondly (second version), the link contains four medium and two extreme container, the upper part of the deck which is a supporting plate, in particular, metal, welded to the surface of the deck at an angle to the axis of the container overlapping the bars and reinforced nodes rigidity in the form of wavy grooves, while average containers located in the center of the link, connected between the two zygomatic castles in the level of the lower edge of the container and carrier loops, two other secondary container attached to the free sides of the centrally located secondary containers two deck locks and in the bottom plane of the open cut two containers of bulge loops in each joint of the middle container, and each extreme of the container is hinged with an average container located on the side of centrally located containers, in the plane of the deck three deck hinges izmena kassimeris are located at the same distance from the longitudinal axis in the same plane on four butt-unit and two pin locking mechanism of the links in the line of the bridge or ferry, in particular, one junction device on each secondary container and one pin mechanism at each end of the container, and inflatable floats are placed under each container and connected by a pipe with the nipple-butt sites on the transom link, and in the extreme containers farm hinged at their outer sides, and at the middle by means of the thumb of the farm attached to the cable tightening device, besides the farm nearest to the rear side of a carrier sheet deck rigidly mounted in the container, and the most remote farm has a protective sheet of hard material, in particular metal;< / BR>
the third (on the first or second options), butt the device consists of a niche, the ear and the locking pin, and the niche is located on the transom of the middle container, and the ear on the other transom medium container, with the axis of the holes in the niche and ear are focused in space, in particular, vertically, at the same distance from the plane of the transom link to the same locking pin entered in holes niches, has one end tapered and the other Jack under the arm and flat oval hat gripped in the socket, performed on niche;

fourthly (pervanesi with locking pin and sliding pin ear with a pin fixing performed in different transom link, with locking pin and pin fixation entered in holes niches and ear, installed in the guide one along their longitudinal axis degree of freedom and the axis of the pins are oriented in space, in particular horizontally, and the movement of the pins is limited to dogs entered in the slots of the pins;

fifthly (on the first or second options) on Board of each secondary container with side outer container mounted torsion bar consisting of two equipped at the ends of the slots torsion bars connected by spline coupling with locking screw, and supports the torsion bar is slotted loop and two with smooth sleeves loops welded to the deck of the middle container, and torsion Cam is located above the deck at container;

sixth (on the first or second options), zygomatic loop posted in make cross-apartment space and consist of plugs and ear, rigidly fixed to the zygomatic belts they connect containers, and fixed the latch locking pin entered in the hole plugs and ear, and the locking pin is established between secondary containers in the guide sleeve with scalloped neckline, made a nest in the cat is and is equipped with disc springs and the stopper, in particular nut;

in the seventh (on the first or second options), deck lock consists of a rod, pivotally mounted on the earring, rigidly secured to the deck of the middle container, and the connecting rod articulated through the axis of the fixed bracket, the opposite end thrown over the crest, rigidly secured to the deck of the second medium container, additionally, on top of the deck near the castle is made of protective linings inch to support the leveraged key;

eighth (on the first or second options), zygomatic castle contains the hook and the lever is made on the basis of fixed movably on an axis placed on the zygomatic belt lower edge of the container side of the transom link, pojetom disk springs and nut with cotter pin position, and on the basis of the executed diametrically protrusion, which is introduced into one of the grooves on the shoulder axis, the hook is brought in engagement with the ear, made on the zygomatic belt lower edge of another container from the side of the transom link, and the elements of the zygomatic castles, namely: axis with the base and ears on the average and extreme containers made cassimere;

ninth (on the first or second options), in a plane intersecting the link across the two equally the tenth (on the first or second options), nipple-butt nodes connected dened in containers with compressed air;

eleventh (on the first or second options), the link with open deck locks and zygomatic loops, transom medium and extreme containers to each other are connected through the butt of the device and pin locking mechanism;

in-twelfth (on the first or second options), free volume containers filled with foam, the weight of the displaced water which is 10...20% more weight management, increased by the load;

The task is achieved by the fact that the car is for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park, containing the cargo platform and a winch connected to the gearbox PTO of the vehicle, according to the invention:

first, the cargo platform is installed in the cartridge compartments, in which are mounted inflatable links in the folded transport position, the links are based on rollers mounted at the bottom and on the sides of the compartment, and with the opposite side of the vehicle cabin side compartment is closed cap lock, and swivel column, fixed to the cassette, set telescopica-beam by means of a set of blocks and two palapas blocks zapasovany two rope from the winch, equipped with two drums under the ropes to the same telescopic crane beam is equipped with a device for deployment and fixation, in addition, the length of the crane when folded does not exceed half the length of the cassette, while the expanded greater than the length of the tape not less than half the length of the inflatable element mobile ferry-bridge Park;

secondly, a device for deploying and fixing telescopic crane includes a winch with lock her drum, the rope which zapasowa on units installed on the end of the outer element of the crane, at the ends of the intermediate elements and rigidly attached to the end of the inner element of the crane side, the last intermediate element;

thirdly, on the loading platform of the vehicle along its lateral sections mounted rollers, on which the runners are installed and fixed to the cassette, and in the initial part of each runner completed the brook under the winch cable car and the loading ring, in addition, in the center of the end edge of the platform from the side of the vehicle cabin and on the edges of the same cut on the width of the runners cartridge is installed and oriented in space blocks, in which zapasovany cables winch car, con the CA is installed on the loading platform of the vehicle from the cab to the drawer from the base with fixing the vertical position, in particular, pin, swivel hinge column;

fifthly, the hinged lock consists of a fork in which is movable along the axis of the bushing posted by the latch spring and latch hinge, by means of a finger connected to the handle, and a tapered side rests in the slot, made on the rack with the outer face side of the cassette, in a space formed by a rack of magazines, socket, sleeve and protruding from the sleeve tapered part of the lock, put the end of the transverse plate placed across the cassette compartment and secured pivotally by a pin and bracket at the other rack, limiting closing of the hinged lock compartment of the cassette, and, in particular, the handle of the latch carries a removable hook connected to the cable handle, by means of a rope thrown over a button, is made on the front side of the handle latch to remove the excess of the value of the free movement of the latch.

Comparative analysis of the inventive inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park with the prototype allows us to conclude that the claimed link is different because:

first (in the first embodiment), the link contains two middle and two at conmy on the surface of the deck at an angle to the axis of the container overlapping rods; supporting plate reinforced nodes rigidity in the form of wavy grooves; medium containers are interconnected by two deck castles; in the bottom plane of the open cut containers secondary containers are interconnected by two zygomatic loops; each extreme of the container is hinged with an average container three deck loops in the plane of the deck and the two zygomatic locks, located on the lower level of the open cut containers; on the transom link kassimeris are located at the same distance from the longitudinal axis in the same plane two butt-unit and two pin locking mechanism of the links in the line of the bridge or ferry; inflatable floats are placed under each container; the floats are connected by a pipe with the nipple-butt sites on the transom of link; in the extreme farm containers attached to their outer side; on secondary containers farm fixed by means of the thumb to the cable tightening device; closest to the rear side of a carrier sheet farm rigidly fixed in the container; the most remote farm has a protective sheet of hard material, in particular metal.

secondly (second version), the link contains four cretella, with welded on the surface of the deck at an angle to the axis of the container overlapping the bars and reinforced nodes rigidity in the form of wavy grooves, while average containers located in the center of the link, connected between the two zygomatic castles in the level of the lower edge of the container and carrier loops, two other secondary container attached to the free sides of the centrally located secondary containers two deck locks and in the bottom plane of the open cut two containers of bulge loops in each joint of the middle container, and each extreme of the container is hinged with an average container located on the side of centrally located containers, in the plane of the deck three deck hinges and two zygomatic locks, located on the lower level of the open cut of the containers, in addition to the transom link kassimeris are located at the same distance from the longitudinal axis in the same plane on four butt-unit and two pin locking mechanism of the links in the line of the bridge or ferry, in particular one abutment device on each secondary container and one pin mechanism at each end of the container, and inflatable on the transom link, moreover, in the extreme containers farm hinged at their outer sides, and at the middle by means of the thumb of the farm attached to the cable tightening device, besides the farm nearest to the rear side of a carrier sheet deck rigidly mounted in the container, and the most remote farm has a protective sheet of hard material, in particular metal.

the third (on the first or second options), butt the device consists of a niche, the ear and the locking pin; the niche is located on the transom of the middle container, and the ear on the other transom medium container; the axis of the holes in the niche and ear are focused in space, in particular, vertically, at the same distance from the plane of the transom link; the locking pin niche has one end tapered and the other Jack under the arm and flat oval hat gripped in the socket taken on the niche;

fourth (on the first or second options), pin locking mechanism, located at the extreme side of the container, consists of niches with locking pin and sliding the ear with pin fixation; a recess with a locking pin and ear with pin fixation was performed in different transom link; the locking pin and pin fixation entered in holes niches and ear, set in h is the same with the axes of the holes niches and ear, in particular horizontally; the movement of the pins is limited to dogs entered in the slots of the pins;

fifthly (on the first or second options) on Board of each secondary container with side outer container mounted torsion; torsion bar consists of two equipped at the ends of the slots torsion bars connected by spline coupling with locking screw; supports the torsion bar is slotted loop and two with smooth sleeves loops welded to the deck of the middle container, and torsion Cam is located above the deck at container;

sixth (on the first or second options), the loop is placed in make cross-apartment space and consist of plugs and ear, rigidly fixed to the zygomatic belts they connect containers, and fixed the latch locking pin entered in the hole plugs and ear; in the locking pin, which is mounted between secondary containers in the guide sleeve with scalloped neckline, made a nest in which to put the lever, mounted on an axis fixed to make cross-apartment space to the side of the container and is equipped with disc springs and damper, in particular a nut; the fork arm and ears in every make cross-apartment space set Kasyanenko on the earring, rigidly secured to the deck of the middle container; a connecting rod articulated through the axis of the fixed bracket, the opposite end thrown over the crest, rigidly secured to the deck of the second medium container; on top of the deck near the castle is made of protective linings inch to support the leveraged key;

eighth (on the first or second options), zygomatic castle contains the hook and the lever is made on the basis of fixed movably on an axis placed on the zygomatic belt lower edge of the container side of the transom link, pojetom disk springs and nut with cotter pin position, and on the basis of the executed diametrically protrusion, which is introduced into one of the grooves on the shoulder axis, the hook is brought in engagement with the ear, made on the zygomatic cut another container from the side of the transom link, and items castles, namely: axis with the base and ears on the average and extreme containers made cassimere;

ninth (on the first or second options), in a plane intersecting the link crosswise into equal halves on the cut carrier sheet deck of average and extreme containers made loading eyebolts;

in-tenths (on the first or second options), nipple-butt nodes are connected with the ants), link to the open deck locks and zygomatic loops, transom medium and extreme containers to each other, connected by the butt of the device and pin locking mechanism;

in-twelfth (on the first or second options), free volume containers filled with foam, the weight of the displaced water which is 10...20% more weight management, increased by the possible payload.

Comparative analysis of the proposed car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park with the prototype allows us to conclude that the claimed car is different because:

first, the cargo platform is installed in the cartridge compartments, in which are mounted inflatable links in the folded transport position; the links in the compartments of the cassette rely on rollers mounted in the lower part and sides of the compartment opposite to the vehicle cabin side compartment is closed cap lock, and swivel column, fixed to the cassette, mounted telescopic crane beam based, moreover, on the support platform, performed on the surface of the tape; in a beam through a set of blocks and two palapas blocks zapasovany two tre deployment and fixation; the length of the crane when folded does not exceed half the length of the cassette, and expanded over the length of the tape not less than half the length of the inflatable element mobile ferry-bridge Park;

secondly, a device for deploying and fixing telescopic crane includes a winch with lock her drum, the rope which zapasowa on units installed on the end of the outer element of the crane, at the ends of the intermediate elements and rigidly attached to the end of the inner element of the crane side, the last intermediate element;

thirdly, on the loading platform of the vehicle along its lateral sections mounted rollers, on which the runners are installed and fixed to the cassette, and in the initial part of each runner completed the brook under the winch cable car and the loading ring, in addition, in the center of the end edge of the platform from the side of the cab and along the edges of the same cut on the width of the runners cartridge is installed and oriented in space blocks, in which zapasovany cables winch vehicle, the ends of which are introduced into the stream of runners and brought into engagement with the loading points;

fourth, the crane beam is installed on the platform AV is, swivel hinge column;

fifthly, the hinged lock consists of a sleeve within which is movable along the axis of the bushing posted by the latch spring and latch hinge, by means of a finger connected to the handle, and a tapered side rests in the slot, made on the rack with the outer face side of the cassette, in a space formed by a rack of magazines, socket, sleeve and protruding from the sleeve tapered part of the latch, put the end of the transverse plate placed across the cassette compartment and secured pivotally by a pin and bracket at the other rack, limiting closing of the hinged lock compartment of the cassette, and, in particular, the handle of the latch carries a removable hook connected with the handle of a rope thrown over a button, made on removal, free movement of the latch.

Thus, the claimed technical solution inflatable level and vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park meets the criterion of "novelty". Analysis of the known technical solutions (analogues) in the study area, i.e., engineering, bridge engineering, and military science and related fields, allows to make a conclusion of the information and communications technology-inflatable-level and vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park, and to accept the proposed solution meets the criterion of "significant differences".

It is claimed the comparison of the volume of the inflatable element in the transport position, its placement in the cassette on the loading platform of a vehicle equipped with a winch, used for folding and loading inflatable managers, as well as during loading of the cassette on the cargo platform of a vehicle fitted with rollers, allows us to conclude that the claimed technical solution inflatable level and vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park involves a single inventive concept, a crucial task of the invention and practice of the troops of the Ministry of defense, Ministry of emergency situations, industry (forestry, oil and other extractive industries, agriculture to reduce shoulder haul the finished product, and so on).

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which show:

in Fig. 1 - inflatable link ferry-bridge Park (view from the side of the transom);

in Fig. 2 - the same (type of plan);

in Fig. 3 - fragment inflatable link (view from the side of the device;

in Fig. 6 - pin locking mechanism;

in Fig. 7 - deck loops connecting secondary and extreme containers;

in Fig. 8 - zygomatic loops located between secondary containers at their lower edge;

in Fig. 9 - torsion;

in Fig. 10 - deck lock;

in Fig. 11 - castle, situated between the middle and the outer container at the level of their lower edge;

in Fig. 12 - skew installation of locks;

in Fig. 13 loading the ring ear;

in Fig. 14 loading the ring two-way open loop;

in Fig. 15 - example of installation of the cylinder;

in Fig. 16 - inflatable element in the folded hung on loading the ropes (loading level in the cartridge);

in Fig. 17 - car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park (side view);

in Fig. 18 - same (back view);

in Fig. 19 - the same (top view; crane beam in the transport position; loading the ropes zapasovany in the loading position of the cassette in the car);

in Fig. 20 - hoist, pulleys and blocks on the loading platform of the vehicle;

in Fig. 21 - the crane beam (in folded position);

in Fig. 22 is a device for deployment and fixation of the crane;

n rotary column;

in Fig. 25 - skid tape;

in Fig. 26 - hinged lock cassette;

in Fig. 27 - lever;

in Fig. 28 - plank (ramps);

in Fig. 29 - anchor;

in Fig. 30 - scheme is the introduction of the link in the line of the bridge is the usual width;

in Fig. 31 - scheme is the introduction of the link in the line of the bridge in half wider than the normal width;

in Fig. 32 is forced unloading cassette car;

in Fig. 33 - loading cassettes for the car.

Inflatable element 1 (the first alternative) contains two medium 2 and two at 3 of the container. The upper part of the deck 4 of the containers 2 and 3 represents a supporting plate 5, in particular, metal, welded to the surface of the deck 4 (i.e., load-bearing sheet 5) at an angle to the longitudinal axis 6 of the element 1 overlapping bars 7, in particular metal. Supporting plate 5 is reinforced by the nodes of the plate 8 in the form of wavy grooves 9. Secondary containers 2 are interconnected by two deck locks 10 and in the lower plane of the open cut 11 of the container 2 two loops 12. Everyone at the container 3 is pivotally connected with a middle container 2 in the plane of the deck 4 three deck hinges 13 and two locks 14 located at the lower open cut 11 of the containers 2 and 3. On the transom of kassimeris 15 and two pin locking mechanism 16 links 1 in-line bridge or ferry (see Fig. 4). Under each container 2 and 3 posted by inflatable floats 17. The floats 17 are connected by a pipe 18 with the nipple-butt nodes 19, located on the transom 20 of the link 1. Each float 17 is equipped with multiple (usually more than two) farms 21. In the extreme containers 3 farm 21 hinged at their (3) of the outer side 22. Medium containers 2 farm 21 is fixed by means of the rolling of the slider 23 to the cable 24 tightening device 25. Closest to the rear side of a carrier sheet 5 (deck 4) farm 21 rigidly fixed to the container 2 (3), and the most remote from the sheet 5 farm 21 is equipped with a protective sheet 26 of the strength of the material, in particular metal.

Free volume of the containers 2 and 3 is filled with foam 26a (see Fig. 3), the weight of the displaced water which is 10...20% more weight level 1, increased by the possible payload, in particular a person's weight (number calculation, providing the closing or opening of the locks 10 and 14 joint 15, pin fixation mechanisms 16 when not filled with air inflatable floats 17).

Butt device 15 (see Fig. 5) consists of niches 27, ear 28 and the locking pin 29. NIS 27 is located on the transom 20 of the first container 2 and the ear 28 on the transom 20 of varnosti vertically, at the same distance "b" from the plane of the transom 20 of the link 1. The locking pin 29, is introduced into the holes 31 niches 27 has one end taper 32, and the other with a socket 33 under the arm (not shown, see Fig. 27) and flat oval hat 34, gripped in the socket 35, performed on niche 27.

Pin locking mechanism 16 (see Fig. 6), located at the bead 22 at the container 3 consists of niches 36 with the locking pin 37 and retractable ear pin 38 in the slot 39 with the pin of the detent 40. NIS 36 and retractable ear 38 is made in different transom at 20 of the container 2 link 1. The locking pin 37 and pin fixation 40, is introduced into the holes 41 36 niches and ear 38, mounted in the guide 42 with one along their longitudinal axis 43 degrees of freedom. The axis 43 of the fixation pins 40 and gate 37 is oriented in space equally with the axes of the holes 44 41 36 niches and ear 38, in particular horizontally. The movement of the fixation pins 40 and gate 37 is limited to dogs 45 introduced into the grooves 46 of the pins 37 and 40. To provide access to the pins 37 and 40 when the vehicle is unlocked and the locking pin fixation mechanisms 16 in the guide 42 with holes 47 under the arm (not shown, see Fig. 27).

Deck hinges 13 (see Fig. 7) is placed between the secondary container 2 and the outer container 3 (T4 and vertical walls of the zygomatic belts 50, the joined containers 2 and 3, and fixed removable retainer 51 of the locking pin 52.

Zygomatic loop 12 (see Fig. 8) is placed between the secondary container 2 and consist of the fork 53 and ear 54, rigidly fixed to the zygomatic belts 50 lower edge 11, they connect (12) 2 medium containers, and fixed by a clamp 55 of the locking pin 56, is introduced into the holes of the plug 53 and the ear 54. In the locking pin 56 that is installed in the guide sleeve 57 with scalloped neckline 58, the slot 59. In the slot 59 is entered lever 60 mounted on the axis 61, rigidly fixed between the containers 2 (i.e., to make cross-apartment space) to the zygomatic belt 50 (Board) of the container 2. The axle 61 is equipped with disc springs 62 and the stopper 63, in particular a nut.

Onboard 64 of each medium container 2 with the side outer container 3 is mounted torsion bar 65 (see Fig. 9). Torsion bar 65 is equipped with two slots 66 of the torsion shaft 67 connected by spline coupling 68 with locking screw 69. Supports the torsion bar is slotted loop 70 and two with smooth sleeves loop 71 72 welded to the deck 4 medium container 2. Torsion Cam 73 of the torsion bar 65 is located on deck 4 at the container 3.

Deck lock 1 is deck 4 medium container 2. On the rod 74 pivotally through the axis 77 is fixed to the bracket 78 opposite end (from the fixing axis 77), draped over the ridge 79 rigidly mounted on the deck 4 of the second medium container 2. On top of deck 4, the lock 10 is made of protective pads with 80 flats 81 for supporting the leveraged key (not shown, see Fig. 27).

Zygomatic lock 14 (see Fig. 11) includes a hook 82 and the lever 83, is made on the basis of 84. The base 84 is fixed movably in the axis 85, posted on the zygomatic belt 50 lower edge 11 of the container 2 (or 3) from the side of the transom 20 of the link 1. The base 84 come pre-loaded Poppet springs 86 and nut 87 with a cotter pin 88. On the basis of 84 made diametrically ledge 89, which entered into one of the grooves 90 on the flange 91 of the axis 85. The hook 82 is brought in engagement with the ear 92, performed on the zygomatic belt 50 lower edge 11 of the other container 3 (or 2) from the side of the transom 20 of the link 1. The elements of the zygomatic locks 14, namely, the axis 85 with the bases 84 and ears 92 on the containers 2 and 3 are made kassimeris (see Fig. 12).

In the plane (see Fig. 2) intersecting link 1 crosswise into two equal halves (i.e. 0.5 L), on the cut carrier sheet 5 deck 4 medium 2 and at 3 containers made loading rings 93. On each end of the container 3 with the article the longitudinal axis 6 of the element 1 in the form of two hooks 96, deployed in different directions with a gap equal to the thickness "g" loading of the cable 97 from the winch 98 car 99 for folding, loading and transportation of 1 links (see Fig. 13 and 14).

Nipple-butt nodes 19 can be connected to the cylinders 100 of compressed air installed in the containers 2 and 3, for example, by clamps 101. When the cylinders 100 are equipped with gears 102, pressure gauges nodes 103 and 104 of inlet air into the nozzles 18 through nipple-butt nodes 19, the nodes 104 can be automated and automatic.

On the cargo platform 105 car 99 for folding, loading and transportation links 1 mobile ferry-bridge Park is set and fixed by the clamps 106 cassette 107 with compartments 108. In the compartments 108 cassette 107 is installed inflatable units 1 in the folded transport position. Links 1 rely on the rollers 109 installed in the lower part of the compartment 108 of the cartridge 107 and on the sides of the compartment 108. On the opposite side of the cabin 110 car 99 (or both end sides of the cassette 107) compartment 108 is closed by the folding lock 111. The upper part of the compartments 108 cassette 107 is open, at least partially, for example to one-half. On the rotary column 112, mounted on the cassette 107, or gospodarka 114, installed on the surface of the cassette 107. In crane 113 through polisas blocks 115 zapasovany two loading cable 97 from the winch 98 car 99. Winch 98 is connected to the gearbox PTO (not shown) of the vehicle 99 and equipped with two drums 116 under loading cables 97. Telescopic crane beam 113 is equipped with a device 117 for her (113) deployment and fixation.

The device 117 for deployment and fixation telescopic crane 113 contains a winch 118 with the latch 117 her (118) of the drum 120, in particular, spring-loaded by a spring 121 dog 122, based on the ratchet 123 performed on the drum 120 winch 118. The cable 124 winch 118 zapasowa on the blocks 125, mounted on the end of the outer member 126 crane 113 at the ends of intermediate elements 127 and the fixed collar 128 on the end of the inner element 129 crane 101 side, the last intermediate element 115 crane 101.

On the cargo platform 105 car 99 along its lateral sections 130 mounted rollers 131. The rollers 131 runners 132 is installed and fixed by the clamps 106 cassette 107. In the initial part of each runner 132 made stream 133 under loading cable 97 winch 98 car 99 and loading the ring 134. In General, the width "d" of runners 132 cassette 107 is installed and oriented in space blocks 136. In blocks 136 zapasovany loading cables 97 winch 98 car 99. The ends of the loading ropes 97 thus introduced into the stream of 133 runners 132 and brought into engagement, in particular, loops 137 cable 97 with loading rings 134.

Crane beam 113, in addition, can be installed on the cargo platform 105 car 99 from the cabin 110 car 99 on retractable from the base 138 with fixing the vertical position, in particular by pin 139, swivel hinge 140 column 112, while column 112 equipped with a toothed rack 141 and the base 138 of the worm mechanism 142, entered into interaction with the rail 141.

The rollers 131 on the side slicer 130 cargo platform 105 can be installed through the channels 143 fixed to the platform 105 by bolts 144.

Folding lock 111 (see Fig. 26) consists of a sleeve 145, inside of which is movable along the axis 146 of the sleeve 145 is placed retainer 147 with a spring 148. The latch 147 articulated by means of finger 149 is connected to the arm 150. The arm 150 carries a removable hook 151 connected to the cable 152, thrown over a button 153, and the handle 154. The latch 147 rests in the slot 155 is made on the rack 156 on the outer side of the cassette 107. In a space formed by counter 156, the overall reproductive ukreplenii articulated by finger bracket 158 and 159 on the other rack 156, limiting closing of the hinged lock compartment 111 108 cassette 107.

At the locations of units and mechanisms of the link 1 is optionally performed niches 160, providing the necessary amount of space under the node (machine) level 1 with simultaneous quite tight containers 2 and 3 and sections 1, introduced in-line bridge or ferry (see Fig. 4).

Inflatable element 1 (the first embodiment) may be collected in half (see Fig. 30) normal width (see Fig. 1 and 2), while 1 link to open deck locks 10 and zygomatic loops 12, the ends 20 medium 2 and at 3 containers to each other, connected by butt device 15 and pin locking mechanism 16.

Inflatable element 1 can be made (connected) in the second option half wider (see Fig. 31) normal width in the first embodiment (see Fig. 1 and 2), while the level 1 contains two extreme container 3 and four medium container 2, and the average container 2 located in the center of the element 1, is connected between the two zygomatic locks 14 and carrier loops 13, the elements (see Fig. 7 and 11) which (13 and 14), these containers 2 are kassimeris. Detailed snap-link 1 on the second veryeasily for tools is a metal rod 162 having a taper 163 on one side and welded pipe 164 on the other.

On the cut carrier sheet 5 deck 4 from the side of the transom 20 link 1 feature supports 165 shore gangway (ramp) 166. Bearing 165 niche contains 167, across which the pin 168. Shore gangways (ramps) 166 made of sheet 169 durable material, in particular metal, with ribs 170, and the cut of this sheet 169 executed hook protrusions 171, entered into interaction with the supports 165 (see Fig. 28). The surface of the sheet 169 gangways (ramps) 166 include overlapping rods 7 (in particular, metal), welded at an angle to the axis 6 of the element 1.

The set of additional tools level 1 and car 99 mobile Park includes a hook (not shown) for the information of links 1 in-line bridge or ferry, as well as to hold the link during and after unloading, the anchor 172, made in particular from a metal corner with a pointed end 173 ear 174, which is fixed mooring rope 175, with the other end attached to a support 165.

In that embodiment, when the parts are installed cylinders 100, on boats (used for pickup bridge or ferry) platform (not shown) on the cargo platform 105, at least from the side of the cabin 110 car 99, and side sections 130, in particular on the channel 143, at his (143) end on the opposite side of the cabin 110 car 99, executed blocks 177.

The mobile ferry-bridge Park, in addition, includes transport vehicles for transportation of auxiliary equipment (ropes, anchors, anchors and other), outboard motors (mainly in the case when the links 1 are made cylinders 100 of compressed air); to transport boats from the compressor (the compressor is provided in the absence of the links 1 cylinders 100). Boat motors or boat designed to move water ferries and equipment bridge crossing.

Inflatable element and the vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park operates as follows.

Every car 99 mobile ferry-bridge Park operates a calculation comprising four or (rarely) five persons.

1. Unloading inflatable links 1 the water is effected as follows. The first number of the calculation (senior) acts on the left side of the car 99 and the rear of the cassette 107, i.e., with storoe the rear of the cassette 107. The third number settlement (the driver), other than driving, as a rule, in the absence of the fourth and fifth numbers of the calculation, performs the duties of the mooring, more often, the last paged level 1. The fourth and fifth numbers of the calculation of the duties of the mooring and auxiliary work. All rooms calculating work together and help each other. All rooms of the calculation, including the driver (often when there is no fifth calculation number), perform the actions on the circuit locks 10, 13 and 14 on link 1, and the joint device 15 downloadable with one car 99 1 links. After that, the driver takes the car 99 in designated Parking place, and the rest of the calculation number close through joint 15 formed ferry with other brought on other vehicles 99 together with their calculations and calculations of boats (if any). Further, they are equipped with a ferry or bridge crossing.

1.1. For the implementation of the discharging element 1 on the water the first number of the calculation tosses the handle 150 folding lock 111 (see Fig. 26) hook 151, then the cable 152 flows through the button 153 and holding the handle 154, no pulling the cable 151 moves to the left side of the vehicle 99. Odnovremenno.chto on the right side of the vehicle 99. At this time, the fourth and fifth numbers of the calculation, choose the anchors 172, hammer them at the water's edge, at a distance of 6-8 meters from each other on the right (sometimes left) side of the vehicle 99. For unloading units with 1 car 99 provides for the stretch of river along the water's edge size ~ 32...40 meters. In shallow water near the shore of a car 99 ass gets into the water on the hub of the rear wheel, and with steep rugged coast at a distance of 0.5-1 meter from the edge to the rear wheels 99 (recommended this place to stack logs or stones). At the time of driving 99 to the specified first number of the calculation instructs the driver to a sharp stop and simultaneously pulling the handle 154, pulls the cable 152 (152), interacting with the button 153, the hook 151 and the arm 150, provides compression spring 148, i.e., downward movement (in this case) latch 147. Cross strap 157 under pressure-level 1, moving by inertia, by means of a swivel strap 157 finger 158 to the brackets 159, folded (folding lock 111) and link 1 roller 109 slipping into the water.

Due to the forces of gravity and under the action of torsion 65 by means of the closed zygomatic loops 12 and deck hinges 13 link 1 is disclosed and derived the EP calculation holds the link 1 from unauthorized movement of water through the mooring rope 175 and passes it to the fourth calculation number, which binds it (175) for the anchor 172. The fifth calculation number (if applicable) jumps on link 1 and begins to close the locks 10 and 14, i.e., to close the link 1.

Following is the unloading of the next link 1 from the next compartment 108 of the cassette 107, for which the first number of the calculation instructs the driver to move the vehicle 99 forward to a distance of ~ 2...5 meters. Closes the hinged lock 111 of the first free compartment 108, to which the hand presses the lever 150 down, another hand presses the end of the transverse plate 157 to the rack 156 between the socket 155 and sleeve 145, and then releases the handle 150, freeing the spring 148, which delivers the latch 147 up, fixing the position of the transverse plate 157. All of the rooms of the calculation is repeated for the unloading of the second and subsequent links 1.

Disclosure of level 1, as indicated, in addition to gravity, occurs through torsions 65, which operate as follows. In the folded element 1 (see Fig. 16) torsion shaft 67 (see Fig. 9) are in a state of stress, i.e. the torsion Cam 73 at the time of folding of the link 1, interacting with the deck 4 of the container 3, twists the torsion bars 67, the other end of which (67) is clamped in the slotted loop 70. After the release of link 1 is th loop 70 and the torsion Cam 73 lead in the movement of the containers 2 and 3, respectively. Slotted hinge 68 with locking screw 69 is designed to adjust a gap (not shown) between the torsion Cam 73 and the surface of the deck 4 of the container 3 link 1, and remove the torsion bar 65 during maintenance. In moments of loading and unloading level 1 splined sleeve 68, fixed locking screw 69, transmits the force from one torsion shaft 67 to another (67). On the open link 1 (see Fig. 1 and 2) torsion bar is not strained.

1.2. For closure of the open link 1 closed two deck 10 and four zygomatic lock 14, for which the calculation number (or two numbers calculation) is on deck 4 of the element 1 with the lever 167 and, as a rule, a hook (not shown).

Snapping deck locks 10 is as follows. The lever 161 tube 164 is attached to the connecting rod 74 (i.e., caudal projection; see Fig. 10), and bracket 78 is attached to the crest of 79 (often at its middle ledge). The lever 161 of the connecting rod 74 is pressed to the deck 4. The steps are repeated on the second lock 10, and if necessary, the process is repeated by snapping the bracket 78 to the far ledge ridge 79 for a more snug pair of secondary containers 2, if this pairing did not work the first time.

Circuit zygomatic locks 14 implementing the of like 20 level 1 is the rotation of the base 84 and the hook 82 on the axis 85 (see Fig. 11). When this hook 82 is engaged with the ear 92, executed on another container 2, and 3. Fixing the closed position of the lock 14 is provided by the interaction Diametric protrusion with a groove 89 90 due to the preload disc springs 86 and nut 87 with a cotter pin 88 of the base flange 84 to 91 axis 85. The steps are repeated on the following zygomatic locks 14. In the case when the hook 82 does not coincide with the ear 92 is pump inflatable floats 17 installed on secondary containers 2. The containers 3 are suspended above the water, and is necessary fit zygomatic surfaces 50 medium 2 and the outer container, ensuring the closing of the zygomatic locks 14.

1.3. Links 1 in-line bridge or ferry is as follows.

Typically, a pre-produced incomplete pump (~ 50%) inflatable floats 17. Parts 1 through Bagrov (not shown) and the mooring ropes 175 are brought together by their ends 20 (see Fig. 4). Is the closure of the two joints 15 and two pivot mechanisms 16. Is fed to the third link 1 and the process repeats. Full pumping up inflatable floats 17 are, as a rule, posati niche 27 and ear 28 butt device 15 in height.

Commit butt device 15 is a stop pin 29, which (29) is inserted into the hole 31 of the conical side 32. Then the lever 161 tapered side 163 (see Fig. 27) is inserted into the slot 33 and is rotated in the horizontal plane, due to which the cap 34 of the pin 29 tamamlama in the slot 35 (see Fig. 5).

Circuit pin fixation mechanisms 16 links 1 in-line bridge or ferry as follows (see Fig. 6). Dog 45 hand is removed from the groove 46 of the pin fixing 40. Pin fixation 40 through conical section 163 of the lever 161, introduced into the hole 47 of the guide 42, the output of the holes 41 retractable ear 38. The ear 38 is ejected from the slot 39 and is introduced in the recess 36. In a recess 36 in the hole 41 of the retractable ear 38 is inserted locking pin 37 through the conical section 163 of the lever 161 (see Fig. 27) inserted into the hole 47 of the guide 42. The locking pin 37 is fixed by the pawl 45, which is inserted by hand into the groove 46 of the pin 37. In the slot 39 in the hole 41 of the retractable ear 38 is entered pin fixation 40, through conical section 163 of the lever 161, introduced into the hole 47 corresponding to the guide 42. Increasing boost floats 17 one of the connected links 1 is regulated by a tight fit of the transom 20 of the links 1, neobhodimosti as follows (see Fig. 15). Removed the clamps tightening device 25 (see prototype /2/ and Fig. 3), the cable 24 which (25) is attenuated and through the runners 23 releases farm 21, allowing pressurization inflatable floats 17. Open site air release 104 on the cylinder 100. Compressed air via a pressure regulator 102, the nozzles 18 and open the nipple-butt site 19 enters the inflatable floats 17. If necessary, for example in case of incomplete blow-floats 17, the node 104 is closed by hand. In another variant, when the cylinders 100 on link 1 is not provided, the nipple-butt node 19 is connected to a hose from a compressor that is installed on the boat (not shown). Node 19 is opened (by hand) as required blower inflatable floats 17.

2. Download inflatable parts 1 on a vehicle 99 is as follows. Is removing the bridge and preparation units 1 for loading. Then loading links.

2.1. Removing the bridge and preparing units for loading as follows. The first, second, fourth and fifth numbers calculated otmiranie links 1 to be loaded on the car 99, from other parts 1 to be loaded on other car is nya 1 to the shore. Then open deck 10 and the zygomatic 14 locks. Venting air from the inflatable floats 17. Simultaneously, the third number settlement (driver) adjusts the vehicle 99 to the water's edge at the site of loading of the links 1, the width of which is selected from 30 to 40 meters. Then acts on the opening parts 1 and prepare them for loading (often in the absence of the fifth calculation number) and / or performs the duties of the quay.

Otmiranie of 1 links from other links 1 and breaking them (1) among themselves by tripping pin fixation mechanisms 16 and a joint device 15.

Unlocking pin fixation mechanisms 16 as follows (see Fig. 6). In the slot 39 of the dog 45 hand is removed from the groove 46 of the pin fixing 40. Pin fixation 40, through conical section 163 of the lever 161, introduced into the hole 47 of the guide 42, the output of the holes 41 retractable ear 38. In a recess 36 of the dog 45 hand is removed from the groove 46 of the locking pin 37. The locking pin 37 through the conical section 163 of the lever 161, introduced into the hole 47 of the guide 42, the output of the holes 41 retractable ear 38. Dog 45 36 niches entered by hand into the groove 46 of the locking pin 37. Retractable ear 38 is inserted fully (topliva 42, is inserted into the hole 41 of the retractable ear 38. Dog 45 socket 39 is inserted into the groove 46 of the pin fixing 40.

Opening butt device 15 as follows (see Fig. 5). The lever 161 tapered side 163 is inserted into the slot 33 of the locking pin 29 and is rotated in a horizontal plane prior to removal of the cap 34 of the pin 29 from jamming in the slot 35. The pin 29 is removed from the holes 31 of the fork 27 niches and ear 28. In this way opens the second play-off device 15 connecting the two link 1. Then the pin 29 is inserted into the holes 31 of the fork 27 niches. The lever 161 tapered side 163 is inserted into the slot 33 of the locking pin 29 and is rotated in the horizontal plane, due to which the cap 34 of the pin 29 tamamlama in the slot 35.

Training level 1 for loading onto a vehicle 99 is produced by breaking the deck locks 10, zygomatic locks 14 and bleed air from the inflatable floats 17.

Opening deck locks 10 as follows (see Fig. 10). The lever 161 tube 164 is attached to the connecting rod 74 (i.e., its caudal projection, see Fig. 10). The lever 161 of the connecting rod 74 is pushed through from the deck 4. The bracket 78 is removed from the ridge 79. On the second lock 10 steps are repeated. In that case, when the lock 10 ASS="ptx2">

The opening of the zygomatic locks 14 as follows (see Fig. 11). The lever 161 tube 164 is attached to the lever 83 and due to its (161) rotation in the plane of the transom 20 of the link 1 is the rotation of the base 84 and the hook 82 on the axis 85. When this hook 82 disengages from the ear 92, executed on another container 2 or 3. Fixing the position of the lock 14 whereby the location of the hook 82 behind the vertical plane of the zygomatic belt 50 (Board 64) level 1, is provided by the interaction Diametric protrusion with a groove 89 90 due to the preload disc springs 86 and nut 87 with a cotter pin 88 of the base flange 84 to 91 axis 85. The steps are repeated on the following zygomatic castles. For the preparation of level 1 for loading only revealed four zygomatic lock 14 on each link 1. In the case when the hook 82 is unable to withdraw from engagement with the ear 92 is a partial drain air from the inflatable floats 17 medium container 2.

The bleed air from the inflatable floats 17 and attaching them to (17) in the transport position as follows (see Fig. 3 and 15). Otmechaetsya node 104 from the nozzle 18. Node 104 is opened (shown in position for air bleed). Air from pneumata the ETA, providing training level 1 for loading onto a vehicle 99). Simultaneously, the cylinders 100 are replaced with inflated (if it was not done during the operation of the bridge or ferry). The final release of air from the inflatable floats 17 and attaching them to (17) in the transport position is accomplished by twisting the cable 24 by tightening device 25 and (25) fixation (see /2/). When the cable 24 through runners 23 presses the floats 17, farm 21 and the cover plate 26 to the bottom plane of the load bearing sheet 5, i.e., puts inflatable floats inside the containers 1 and 2 from their open cut 11.

2.2. Loading of 1 links on the vehicle 99 is as follows.

The first number of the calculation (senior) acts on the left side of the car 99 and the rear of the cassette 107, i.e., the side opposite from the cabin 110 of the vehicle. The second calculation number is valid from the crane beam 113 and is located on the roof of the cabin 110 car 99. The third number settlement (the driver) is driving 99. The fourth issue of the calculation is valid on the right side of the car 99 and the rear of the cassette 107, performing duties slinger (spasovska loading cables 97 has pagrus is basenote mooring, and auxiliary works (removes anchor stakes 172, pile mooring ropes 175, strengthens the hook (not shown), removes the levers 161 and other equipment, such as outboard motors for auxiliary vehicle).

For loading in the car 99 link 1 open four zygomatic locks 14 and two deck hinges 10, and with folded inflatable floats is applied to the vehicle 99 on the rear side (i.e. opposite from the cabin 110 side) transom 20 (i.e., the axis 6 of the element 1, which is located parallel to the side sections 130 of the vehicle 99). Link 1 is afloat due to the residual volume of the floats 17 and / or foam 26(a). Car 99 is perpendicular to the water's edge, and when the folding element 1 can be found on the hub of the rear wheels in the water. Crane beam 113 turns the second number of total length at which palispis-blocks 115 are removed from the cassette 107 slightly greater than half the length (along the axis 6 level 1). By means of the winch 98 car 99 a third calculation number etched cables 97 (97) side palapas blocks 115 receives the fourth issue of the calculation. Loading cables 97 superovulate in the loading rings 93 via the two the om calculation starts by setting the loading of the cable 97. Under the action of gravity and under the influence of the loading of the cable 97 external side 22 of extreme containers 3 and zygomatic sections 50 along axis 6 medium container 2 (i.e. each other), begin to rise, and the zygomatic sections 50 medium 2 and at 3 containers located to each other, to fall (see Fig. 16). In this case, rotation of the containers 2 and 3 relative to each other occurs through the deck hinges 13 and zygomatic loops 12. Torsion Cam 73, interacting with the surface of the deck 4 at the container 3, twists the torsion shaft 67 connected by a coupling 68 and placed in smooth bushings 71 loops 72 and the other end (from the Cam 73) (67) sandwiched in slotted loop 70. By the time separation (suspension) from the water (see Fig. 16) link 1 receives the transport position (torsion bar 65 tense). Link 1 rises to a height of compartment 108 of the cassette 107. Link 1 from turning and overturning hold the first and fourth non calculations by means of the hook (not shown) and the mooring rope 175. Continuing to choose the loading cable 97 at low speed winch 98, the second calculation number begins to fold telescopic crane-beam 113. At that moment, when the crane beam 113 is fully folded and palapas-blocks 115 designoutpost.com cable 97. Link 1 (in transport position) falls on the rollers 109, located at the bottom of the compartment 108, and relies on the rollers 109, located on the sides of the compartment 108. Loading the cable 97 is removed from the loading rings 93 level 1 second calculation. At this time, the fourth issue of the calculation approaches following the link 1, the second number deploys crane 113 for (1) loading, and the third number tells the loading cable 97. The first number of the calculation closes the hinged lock 111 is loaded compartment 108 of the cartridge 107 and opens the hinged lock 111 free compartment 108. The process of loading the subsequent links 1 repeats.

Maximizing telescopic crane 113 is as follows (see Fig. 21). Loading the cable 97 supervivencia in blocks 136, positioned vertically in the center of the end slice 135 platform 105 car 99, in blocks 115, located at the base of the rotary column 112 and at the end of the crane beams 113. Rotating the handle of the winch 118, the second calculation number selects the cable 124. The cable 124 winch 118 acts on the blocks 125 and prokatilas them in motion, i.e., puts, internal 129 and 127 intermediate elements, pushing them (129 and 127) of the outer member 126 crane 113 (see Fig. 23). Simultaneously etched shipped suspended element 1 (see Fig. 16) and select the loading ropes 97 as follows (see Fig. 21, 22, 23). After link 1 will reach a height of compartment 108 of the cassette 107, the second calculation number periodically wakes the dog 122 from engagement with the ratchet 123 (see Fig. 22). Each time there is a rotating drum 120 winch 118. The cable 124 is etched. The second calculation number holds the handle of the winch 118 from excessive turning of the drum 120, preventing the fall of the link 1, in the case when the speed of the folding crane beams 113 and choosing the loading of the cable 97 winch 98 car would be disproportionate. Provides a comparable setting the cable 97 and folding crane 113, in which the link 1, which is in limbo, remains at the same height, gradually moving in the direction of compartment 108 of the cassette 107. At that moment, when loosened the cable 124, is further stretching due to mutual introduction 129 internal and intermediate elements 127 in the outer element 126 crane beams 113. The process is repeated until the complete folding crane beams 113. For loading of the next link 1 is repeated unfolding telescopic crane beams 113 and the loading process is repeated. Foundation chief the tre end slice 135 cargo platform 105 car 99. In both cases the speaker's base 138 can be equipped with rotary column 112 (see Fig. 24). The rotation of the column 112 during the loading of 1 links in different compartments 108 of the cassette, as well as at the location of the crane beams 113 in the transport position (see Fig. 19) is carried out by means of a hinge 140. While fixing the crane 113 in the transport position by turning the crane forward. Loop 137 cable 97, passed through palispis-blocks 115 are engaged with the tow protrusions (hooks) car 99. Then loading the cables 97 are selected by the winch 98 to them (97) tension. Rise and fall of the rotary column 112 in the base 138 by means of the worm mechanism 142 and Reiki 141, entered into an interaction, and is fixed by a pin 139. Alternating the position of the crane beams 113 is performed to ensure that road and rail size car 99.

The part loading cables 97 winch 98 loading rings 93 when folding and loading level 1 as follows (see Fig. 13 and 14). Loop 137 one loading of the cable 97 is inserted through the ear 94 from the bottom up and is put into engagement with the button 95 (see Fig. 13). Then the cable 97 is lowered to the middle of level 1 (see Fig. 1) and proposalsselected simultaneously with the first cable 97 in the same sequence by another crewmember. Removed loading cables 97 second calculation after loading level 1 in compartment 108 of the cassette 107 in the reverse sequence.

Folding lock 111 is opened as follows (see Fig. 26). The first number of the calculation one hand presses on the handle 150, in particular, down, compressing the spring 148 and lowering the latch 147. The other hand pulls the cross bar 157 to the side.

Closes the hinged lock 111 as follows (see Fig. 26). The first number of the calculation clicks on the handle 150, compressing the spring 148 and lowering the latch 147. With the other hand enters the end of the transverse plate 157 in the space formed by the slot 155, the counter 156 and the sleeve 145, and releases the handle 150. Under the action of the spring 148 of the latch 147 is returned to its original position, closing the lock 111.

3. The technical solution of the inflatable element provides a tip of the bridge and ferry usual width, such as 8 meters (see Fig. 1, 2 and 4) and a half wider, for example, based on the normal width of 8 meters, 12 meters (see Fig. 30), and, in addition, bridges in half already, for example, on the basis of the same magnitude 8 m, 4 m (see Fig. 31).

3.1. The tip of the bridges in the already half normal width (4 m) as follows. After unloading pneumata is Then opened two zygomatic loop 12. By Bagrov (not shown) and the mooring rope 175 two parts of one level 1 are in the line of the bridge (see Fig. 31) the transom 20 to each other. Closed joint device 15 and pin fixation mechanisms 16, as described above. Next, through the joint 15 and pin mechanisms 16 in line introduces the following links 1 connected as the first link. Is inflated inflatable floats.

For open loop 12, the lever 161 through tube 164 (see Fig. 27) mounted on the lever 60 loop 12 (see Fig. 8). The lever 161 and with it the lever 60 is moved in the vertical plane, which belongs to the longitudinal axis 6 of the element 1, with the upper part of the lever 60 mounted on an axle 61 in one direction, and (60) of the lower part, entered into the slot 59 of the locking pin 56, with the pin 56 in the opposite direction, bringing the locking pin 56 from the holes in the plug 53 and the ear 54 of bulge loops. Movement of the lever 60 restricts shaped cutout 58 of the guide sleeve 57, which (57) posted by stop pin 56. Movement of the lever 60 in the above-mentioned plane is provided by the axis 61, which put the lever 60 and is secured adjustably by means of disc springs 62 and the stopper 63.

Removed the bridge in half is normal (the Asti same link 1, by Bagrov (not shown) and the mooring ropes are brought together zygomatic belts 50 (i.e., the flanges 64) medium container 2. Ear 54 (one on each cheek loop 12 at a time) is introduced into the receptacle 53. The lever 60 by means of the lever 161 is rotated in the plane, which belongs to the longitudinal axis 6 of the element 1. When the locking pin 56 is inserted into the holes of the plug 53 and the ear 54. The position of the lever 60 and, accordingly, the locking pin 56 is fixed by the latch 55. Zygomatic loops 12 are closed. Link collected in the normal position (normal width of the link 8 meters).

3.2. The tip of bridges and ferries in half wider than normal width (12 meters) as follows (see Fig. 30). After unloading inflatable units 1 water from the car 99 is a circuit zygomatic loops 12 and two zygomatic locks 14 between one of the medium 2 and at 3 containers. Deck hinges 13 connecting the other extreme, the container 3 to another container 2, is open. Disconnected from parts 1 extreme containers 3 are cleaned ashore. Two level 1 that are missing one extreme to the container 3, are brought together those zygomatic belts 50 (flanges 64) where there are no extreme containers 3, i.e., the flanges 64 is mainly associated second pair of links 1. Further, these pair of links 1 through Bagrov (not shown) and the mooring ropes 175 are brought together by the transom 20. Close the (now) four joint device 15 and two pin locking mechanism 16. Subsequently retrieved element of the bridge (or ferry) is introduced into the line of the bridge (or ferry) and increased dual links 1, brought on other vehicles 99.

Opening deck hinge 13 as follows (see Fig. 7). Removal of one of the latches 51 (in particular, remove the cotter pin and twisted nut; not shown). Then by means of a wedge (not shown) and a hammer (not shown) out of locking pin 52 out of the holes of the fork 48 and ear 49 of the deck hinges 13.

The loop circuit 13 is performed in the reverse order (see Fig. 7). The locking pin 52 is inserted into the holes of the sleeve 48 and the ear 49 and is fixed by the latch 51 (in particular, screwed nut and insert the cotter pin, not shown).

Removed the bridge in half wider than normal (12 meters) in reverse order. Open joint device 15 and pin mechanisms 16. Open two zygomatic lock 14 and three deck hinge 13 between the two units 1 that are missing on one extreme is on the shore, overlap and interlock three deck hinges 13 on each link 1. To use the link 1 at the site of the bridge or ferry normal width (8 meters) close zygomatic locks 14, and for loading link 1 on the car 99 open deck locks 10 and zygomatic locks 14.

4. Technical solution car 99 provides the unloading cassette 197 with a cargo platform 105 car 99, for example, on a railway platform or on the platform asiacredit, or service, or in other necessary cases.

4.1. Unloading cassette 107, for example, on a railway platform is as follows (see Fig. 20 and 32). Car 99 moves to the railway platform. The first and second calculation number zapasowa cables 97 in blocks 136, arranged horizontally in the center and on the edges of the end slice 135 cargo platform 105 car 99 (see Fig. 20). Loading cables 97 superovulate in blocks 177, performed on the side sections 130, in particular on the channel 143, at its end on the opposite side of the cabin 110 car 99. Loop cables 137 97 entered into interaction with remname buttons 176, performed on cassette 107 from the cabin 110 car 99. At the same time the fourth and fifth rooms calc the platform 105 car 99. While the runners 132 roll with rollers 131 installed on the platform 105 (see Fig. 20). As soon as the middle of the cassette 107 will approach the rear roller 131 of the platform 105, the driver moves the lever (not shown) enable the winch 98 in the neutral position. The first and second calculation number perepisuvat loading cables 97 as for loading (see Fig. 33), namely: cables 97 are removed from the blocks 177 and Rymnik buttons 176; selects the excess length of the cables 97 winch 98 to slack of 0.5. ..1,0 m; loop cables 137 97 pass through the streams of 133 runners 132 and are in engagement with the loading ring 134 (see Fig. 25). The driver abruptly takes the car 99 forward or backward, suddenly brakes (if the cartridge 107 will not be through the "dead point" driver bit sets the cables 97 and again takes the car 99 forward or backward and dramatically slows down). After perevalivaniya cassette 107 through the "dead point", the driver sets the cables 97 up until the far end of the cassette 107 falls up to 5...10 cm above the ground (rail or other platform (not shown)). Then the driver commands the first number of the calculation sets the car 99 so that the cassette 107 was just over the rear place of unloading. The driver tells the cables 97 to the lower end of the cassette 107 to the ground (g lowering of the cassette 107 to the place of unloading. The first and second calculation number is removed from engagement with loading rings loop 134 137 cable 97 and put them on the platform 105 car 99.

4.2. Loading cassette 107 is as follows. Car 99 approaching a cassette 107 with her (107) end side (if the crane beam 113 is mounted on the cassette 107, by mounting the crane beams 113, see Fig. 19). The first and second calculation number zapasowa loading cables 97 in blocks 136, arranged horizontally in the center and on the edges of the end slice 135 cargo platform 105 car 99 (see Fig. 20), stack cables 97 on the rollers 131, and a hinge 137 cables 97 pass through the streams of 133 runners 132 and are in engagement with the loading ring 134 (see Fig. 25). The slack of the cable 97 is chosen winch 98, clutching the rope 97 foot to the ground, and hand pulling the cable 97 up to the cassette 107. Once the cables 97 tensioned, the first and second rooms of the calculation of the release cables 97 and leave for two or three steps in the side of the car 99. The driver increases the engine speed and loads the cartridge 107 on the cargo platform 105 car 99. After the cartridge 107 drops runners 132 on the rollers 131, the driver resets the engine speed of the vehicle 99. With the approach of the cassette 107 to the cabin 110 driver reduces about the program, resets the gas and puts the gear lever in neutral position. The fourth and fifth numbers calculation put the clamps 106 (see Fig. 17).

4.3. When the movement of the cassette 107 to the platform 105 of the vehicle 99 to bias the first and second numbers calculation align the cartridge 107 by swinging cassette 107, located on the rear rollers 131 platform 105, the levers 161 (see Fig. 27). If you align the cartridge 107, coming with a strong bias, levers 161 fails, the cartridge 107 align the cables 97 by removing more strained rope 97 from the cassette 107 after perevalivaniya her (107) on the platform 105 car 99. Further natashquan cassette 107 to the platform 105 by one cable 97, and cassette 107 is aligned on the platform 105.

5. When pairing bridge or ferry to the shore of the following operations (see Fig. 28). Ramp (gangways) 166 hook protrusions 171 rests in bearings 165, in particular on the pin 168, performed in a recess 167. The other end of the ramp (gangways) 166 rests on the shore.

6. The movement of ferries, as well as elements of the bridge when you enter them in the corner of the bridge, the boats pass (i.e., temporary, partial removal of bridge) and in other cases is carried out by outboard motors or kata the EPAM or installation of outboard motors is carried out by means of mechanisms and devices of these boats and motors (not considered here; not shown).

Described specific example inflatable level and vehicle for folding and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park additionally shows that the claimed constructive solution of the inflatable element and the vehicle, in particular the ratio of the volume of the inflatable element transport in the folded position, its placement in the cassette on the loading platform of a vehicle equipped with a winch, used for folding and loading of the inflatable element, and when unloading and loading the cassette on the cargo platform of a vehicle fitted with rollers, allows again to make sure (to conclude) that the claimed invention are connected by a single inventive concept, the crucial economic, industrial and military tasks.

The use of inflatable level and vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park increases the economic, technological and military-technical parameters of the equipment and the collapse of the bridge or ferry crossings by providing: transportation on the same vehicle more than one link, unloading, folding and on the equipment and coagulation terminal by reducing transport volumes of parts and equipment truck equipment for folding, loading and fixing the links in the transport position. For unloading and loading of parts on the car, made according to the invention, does not require pretreatment of the river, not attract additional means of loading and unloading. A constructive solution of the vehicle by limiting road and rail dimensions, which provides a retractable column under the crane and its anchoring in the transport position, as well as the possibility of sambursky and self-loading cassette to the train platform. Constructive solution of the inflatable element provides for the reduction of transport volume in the folded position while preserving and enhancing the operational characteristics of the link in the unfolded operating position. In particular, a constructive solution link provides:

equipment bridges and ferries of various widths; normal width (~8 m); half is normal width (~4 m); half wider than normal width (~12 m);

smooth pair of links with one another, including the transitions from normal to different width due to cocommercial location deck hinges 13 and zygomatic locks 14;

bespread the x floats 17;

the possibility of replacing the cylinders with compressed air during operation of the bridge (ferry);

unobstructed discharge level of the water;

automatic disclosure level on the water by gravity and under the influence of torsion.

Inflatable element and the vehicle for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park can be used in the forces of the Ministry of emergency situations, Ministry of internal Affairs, FPS and MO, as well as in industry. Implementation of the invention will allow to quickly rig a bridge or ferry with significantly lower economic costs, including transportation mobile ferry-bridge Park air or water transport, as well as their progress by reducing the number of vehicles that provide transportation of a given length of the bridge or the number of ferries specified payload and payload while maintaining and even increasing the performance of the bridge and ferry. In addition, the constructive solution of the inflatable element provides the ability to vary the load capacity of bridges and ferries on the basis of the number and volume of inflatable floats, or run it in a lightweight version to simulate 3, MCI B 63 B 35/36, E 01 D 15/14.

2. Description of the invention to the author's certificate of the USSR N 237008 from 23.9.67, MCI B 63 B 35/36, E 01 D 15/14.

3. Runar M. Handbook of automotive mechanics. - M.: Transport, 1976, PL. 7, page 16 and 17.

4. Runar M. Handbook of automotive mechanics. - M.: Transport, 1976, PL. 2 and 4, page 3-13.

1. Inflatable link ferry-bridge Park, containing inflatable floats with farms, paired through the ropes with a compression device, characterized in that the link contains two medium and two extreme container, the upper part of the deck which is a supporting plate with welded on the surface of the deck at an angle to the axis of the container overlapping the bars and reinforced nodes rigidity in the form of wavy grooves, while average containers are interconnected by two deck locks and in the bottom plane of the open cut two containers of bulge loops, and every extreme container pivotally connected with the middle container in the plane of the deck three deck hinges and two zygomatic locks, located on the lower level of the open cut of the containers, in addition to the transom link kassimeris located on the SSM fixing links in-line bridge or ferry, and inflatable floats are placed under each container and connected by a pipe with the nipple-butt sites on the transom link, and in the extreme containers farm hinged at their outer sides, and at the middle by means of the thumb of the farm attached to the cable tightening device, besides the farm nearest to the rear side of a carrier sheet deck rigidly mounted in the container, and the most remote farm has a protective sheet of durable material.

2. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that the abutment device consists of a niche, the ear and the locking pin, and the niche is located on the transom of the first medium container, and an ear on the transom of the second medium container, with the axis of the holes in the niche and ear are focused in space, in particular, vertically, at the same distance from the plane of the transom link to the same locking pin entered in holes niches, has one end tapered and the other Jack under the arm and flat oval hat, gripped in the socket taken on the niche.

3. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that the pin locking mechanism, Irem commit performed in different transom link, with locking pin and pin fixation entered in holes niches and ear, installed in the guide one along their longitudinal axis degree of freedom and the axis of the pins are oriented in space, in particular horizontally, and the movement of the pins is limited to dogs entered in the grooves of the pins.

4. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that on Board each secondary container with side outer container mounted torsion bar consisting of two equipped at the ends of the slots torsion bars connected by spline coupling with locking screw, and supports the torsion bar is slotted loop and two with smooth sleeves loops welded to the deck of the middle container, and torsion Cam is located above the deck at the container.

5. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that the zygomatic loop posted in make cross-apartment space and consist of plugs and ear, rigidly fixed to the zygomatic belts they connect containers, and fixed the latch locking pin entered in the hole plugs and ear, and in the locking pin, octanoate lever, mounted on an axis fixed to make cross-apartment space to the side of the container and is equipped with disc springs and damper, in particular a nut.

6. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that deck lock consists of a rod, pivotally mounted on the earring, rigidly secured to the deck of the middle container, and the connecting rod articulated through the axis of the fixed bracket, the opposite end thrown over the crest, rigidly secured to the deck of the second medium container, additionally, on top of the deck near the castle is made of protective linings inch to support the leveraged key.

7. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that the zygomatic castle contains the hook and the lever is made on the basis of fixed movably on an axis placed on the zygomatic belt lower edge of the container side of the transom link, pojetom the Belleville springs and nuts with cotter pin position, and on the basis of the executed diametrically protrusion, which is introduced into one of the grooves on the shoulder axis, the hook is brought in engagement with the ear, made on the zygomatic belt lower edge of another container with one hundred is Neeraj made kassimeris.

8. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that in a plane intersecting the link crosswise into two equal halves, cut carrier sheet deck of average and extreme containers made loading points.

9. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that the nipple-butt nodes connected dened in containers with compressed air.

10. Inflatable link mobile ferry-bridge Park under item 1, characterized in that the free volume of the container filled with foam, the weight of the displaced water which is 10 - 20% more weight management, increased by the possible payload.

11. Car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park, containing the cargo platform and a winch connected to the gearbox PTO of the vehicle, characterized in that the cargo platform is installed in the cartridge compartments, in which are mounted inflatable links in the folded transport position, the links are based on rollers mounted at the bottom and on the sides of the compartment, and with the opposite side of the vehicle cabin side compartment Zack, purusasya, in addition, on a support platform carried on surfaces of the cartridge, and the crane by means of a set of blocks and two palapas blocks zapasovany two rope from the winch with two drums under the ropes and telescopic crane beam is equipped with a device for deployment and fixation, in addition, the length of the crane when folded does not exceed half the length of the cassette, and expanded over the length of the tape not less than half the length of the inflatable element mobile ferry-bridge Park.

12. Car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park on p. 11, characterized in that the device for deployment and fixation telescopic crane includes a winch with lock her drum, the rope which zapasowa on units installed on the end of the outer element of the crane, at the ends of the intermediate elements, and fixed on the inner end of the element of the crane side, the last intermediate element.

13. Car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park on p. 11, characterized in that on the loading platform of the vehicle along its boxty each runner completed the brook under the winch cable car and the loading ring, in addition, in the center of the end edge of the platform from the side of the cab and along the edges of the same cut on the width of the runners cartridge is installed and oriented in space blocks, in which zapasovany cables winch vehicle, the ends of which are introduced into the stream of runners and brought into engagement with the loading points.

14. Car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park on p. 11, characterized in that the crane beam is installed on the loading platform of the vehicle from the cab to the drawer from the base with fixing the vertical position, in particular a pin, swivel hinge column.

15. Car for folding, loading and transport links of mobile ferry-bridge Park on p. 11, wherein the hinged lock consists of a sleeve within which is movable along the axis of the bushing posted by the latch spring and latch hinge, by means of a finger connected to the handle, and a tapered side rests in the slot, made on the rack with the outer face side of the cassette, in a space formed by a rack of magazines, socket, sleeve and protruding from the sleeve tapered part of the latch, put the end of the transverse plan is ice, limiting closing of the hinged lock compartment of the cassette, and, in particular, on the handle of the latch carries a removable hook connected to the cable handle, by means of a rope thrown over a button, is made on the front side of the handle latch to remove the excess of the value of the free movement of the latch.

 

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