Ferry for car driven by his driver
The invention relates to a means of transportation on water and can be used as an alternative to the yacht or boat, lovers of boating, workers away from city farms and agricultural areas. Steam comprises a sealed enclosure with removable wheels. The body is made in the form of a bath with a crest in the middle, forming in the bottom of the tub under the wheels of the car. The ferry has a propulsion device in the form of a propeller mounted on the shaft end, the second end of which is made with the possibility of direct connection with the drive shaft of the transported vehicle. Possible to increase the reliability design of the ferry. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.The invention relates to a means of transportation on water cars with passengers and can be used as an alternative to the yacht or boat, lovers of boating, workers away from city farms and agricultural areas.Known vehicle for transportation of the vehicle (Patent RF №2159722, publ. 2000), which contains wodoslawsky planing hull, a propulsion device, made in the form of a propeller placed in the stern and members of the steering okoles driving axle of the vehicle, and elements of a steering device kinematically connected with the steering control of the vehicle, carried out through its front wheels.Known vehicle contains a large number of transmission mechanisms in the form of rollers, gears, shafts and gears, and located on the deck of the hull, which is made in the form of a boat-ski.A large number of transfer points mechanical drive entails a loss of power and increases the number of possible faults. The design of the known device is too bulky for ground shipping, because significantly exceed the dimensions of the transported vehicle.The present invention is the design of the ferry for transportation of car with driver, with driver and passenger, with increased reliability and more comfortable to use.To solve the task ferry for car driven by his driver, contains wodoslawsky planing hull, a propulsion device, made in the form of the propeller, placed aft, and the elements of the steering system of the ferry, while the mover is configured to kinematicheskaya communication with the steering control of the transported vehicle, the ferry building is made in the form of a bath with a crest, located on its axis of symmetry, a propeller mounted on the shaft end, the second end of which is made with the possibility of direct connection with the drive shaft of the transported vehicle.For the connection of the propeller drive shaft of the transported vehicle, the second end of the shaft of the propeller is made in the form of a flange corresponding to the flange-plug drive shaft of the vehicle.For transfer to the ferry traffic from car steering elements of a steering ferry are worn on the front wheels of the transported vehicle, the clamps in the form of clamps, which through a system of cables, pulleys and Talipov connected with the wheel of the ferry.To reduce the resistance to sliding of rotation of the front wheels under them at the bottom of the case mounted ball drives.To ensure the safety of the ferry to his side flanges attached to the pontoons, which can be used as a promenade deck, and the driver can easily go from the transported vehicle.The invention consists in a new implementation of the propeller - propeller mounted on the shaft at the other end of which may be established what about the ferry. In the propeller shaft of the vehicle remains connected to its motor, and thus the drive shaft of the propeller is connected with the vehicle engine, which drives the propeller. Execution of the hull of the ferry in a tub with the bottom under the wheels of the vehicle is optimal for such shifting of the propeller shaft, because the car without additional devices installed below water level, and the propeller is immersed in water.A new technical result achieved by the invention, is the lack of multiple gears, which increases the reliability of the design of the ferry.The invention is illustrated in the drawings, where Fig. 1 depicts the inventive steam in axonometric projection; Fig. 2 - declare steam, top view (conditionally highlighted the wheels of the car), and Fig. 3 is a section along a-a of the hull of the ferry with the path of the transported vehicle, and Fig.4 is a wiring diagram of the propeller ferry with a car drive shaft removed from the rear axle.Steam comprises a sealed enclosure 1 with removable wheels 2. The housing 1 is made in the form of a bath with a comb 3 in the middle, forming in the bottom of the tub 4 by a car. The most optimal is the mover in the form of the propeller 5, mounted on the shaft, one end 6 of which is placed in the bath and made in the form of a flange 7, corresponding to the flange-plug drive shaft of the vehicle.On the bottom 4 of the ferry mounted ball disks 8 under the front wheel of the vehicle and provided by the clamps 9, made in the form of clamps mounted on the front wheels. The clamps 9 with the help of cables 10 and Talipov 11 through the blocks 12 are connected with the wheel 13 of the ferry. Teleray 11 is intended for tensioning the cable. In addition, on the upper part of the hull of the ferry with holes 14 for mounting the pontoons.Steam, as a car trailer, ship to shore, unhooking and ukatyvajut in the water. The chassis is raised to a horizontal position along the hull sides to the holes 14 is fixed pontoons (the drawings are not specified, and if the inflatable pontoons, their stuff). Set the plank on which the vehicle enters onto the deck of the ferry and set the wheels on the bottom 4 baths. Installed in this manner the vehicle in a natural way, without any additional devices is below the water level, and the propeller is under water.Through special hatches (not shown) with the rear axle 15 of the vehicle remove the drive shaft 16 and mounted on konecrane management system ferry. Plank is removed and placed on the sides of the ferry over the pontoons. The ferry, operated by the driver of the car, ready to move on the water.
Claims1. Ferry for car driven by his driver, containing wodoslawsky planing hull, a propulsion device, made in the form of a propeller placed in the stern of the ferry, and the elements of the steering system of the ferry, while the thruster is made with the possibility of kinematic connection with the propeller shaft of the transported vehicle, and elements of the steering - kinematic connection with the steering of the transported vehicle, characterized in that the housing of the ferry made in the form of baths with a crest, located on its axis of symmetry, a propeller mounted on the shaft end, the other end of which is made with the possibility of direct connection with the drive shaft of the transported vehicle.2. Ferry for car under item 1, characterized in that the second end of the shaft of the propeller is made in the form of a flange corresponding to the flange-plug drive shaft of the transported vehicle.3. Ferry for car under item 1, characterized in that the elements of a steering ferry represent Nadeau and Talipov connected with the wheel of the ferry.4. Ferry for car under item 1, characterized in that on the bottom of the bath mounted ball disks under the front wheels of the transported vehicle.5. Ferry for car under item 1, wherein the lateral side of the hull attached to the pontoons.
FIELD: shipbuilding; river ships; self-propelled watercraft for carrying automobile transport facility, agricultural equipment and passengers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry includes pontoon with rollers and electric motor fitted on it; electric motor is connected with reduction gear by means of clutch and is set in motion by means of rope guide pulley lined with rubber. Arranged in house mounted on ferry are current collectors for supply of electric motor with electric power by means of contact wires stretched above river by means of supports; electric motor rotates rope guide pulley engageable with embracing rope.
EFFECT: increased cargo capacity; increased thrust; improved vision of berth.
FIELD: shipbuilding; collapsible pontoons.
SUBSTANCE: proposed pontoon-catamaran includes flat float assembled from sections which are interconnected by means of beams. Floats are provided with wheel recesses and folding supports for bumpers. Pontoon intended for front-drive automobile is provided with swivel propellers at drive from front wheels. Pontoon intended for rear-drive automobile is provided with bladed rudders at drive from front wheels and propellers at drive from rear wheels. Automobile pushes itself together with pontoon into water by use of its own mass and moves in water by means of its engine; control of pontoon motion is effected from automobile cabin.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: shipbuilding; designing cargo and passenger ships.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ship has hull with pointed fore lines and flat-bottomed aft part which is closed with deck. Erected on deck is superstructure whose rear wall is used as hinged ramp of cargo compartment. Propulsion and steering complexes are arranged in midsection of ship in wells for raising and lowering them.
EFFECT: possibility of approach to shallow water areas; facilitated procedure of cargo-handling jobs.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: ferries for rivers of limited navigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is provided with pontoons which are spaced apart in width and are made from different materials; cargo and passenger deck is secured on pontoons at two levels. Ferry is also provided with propulsion plant. Upper surface of cargo deck rising above water during operation is located in center plane of cylindrical pontoons; lower part of cargo deck which possesses positive buoyancy is immersed in water. Middle cylindrical part of each pontoon is made from non-metallic materials and is connected with metal end units by means of flanged joint located inside pontoon. Propulsion plant consists of two portable units mounted turnably on cargo deck for control of heading; these units are spaced apart along longitudinal axis of symmetry on edges of cargo deck.
EFFECT: increased capacity of ferry at shallow draft.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.
5 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferrying heavy materiel through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry may be transported by land and may be launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. It is provided with deployment mechanisms articulated together and equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons, deck house with control members, engine with its systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoons, fore and aft fairings with wash plates and swivel ramps mounted on side pontoons. Pontoons have similar displacement; they are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Each ramp is made in form of watertight displacement-type skeleton imparting additional transversal stability to ferry during embarkation of tanks which may be locked in any position on hinged pontoon within preset angles of turn. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms of side pontoons for position of fore superstructure on the extended parts together with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when it is returned from deployed position to stowed position. Fuel tanks of engine supply system are arranged in middle compartment of central propulsion pontoon; they are arranged in groups located symmetrically relative to center of mass of ferry; each of them is provided with service tank fitted with fuel-contents gage and interconnected by means of pipe lines for centralized refueling through filler neck located in fore superstructure, thus ensuring smooth consumption of fuel from tanks both through service tanks and through one of them; provision is made for disconnection of group of tanks in case of damage to one of them with the aid of electric two-way valves. Propulsion and steering complex includes radial-type water-jet propellers at varying thrust vector; water-jet propellers are provided with vacuum pumps which are so mounted that air may be evacuated from water-jet propeller trunks which are filled with water before switching-on the pumps. Pumps may be switched on/off both automatically and manually from control console mounted in deckhouse.
EFFECT: increased cargo carrying capacity of ferry; improved running properties in shallow water; enhanced resistance to damage in combat.
10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: self-propelled party ferries; crossing through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed self-propelled ferry may be self-propelled in water, may be transported by land and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with swivel deployment mechanisms interconnected together and equipped with roadway; ferry includes central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons having sledge lines at fore and aft transoms, deckhouse with control members, engine and its associated systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoon, swivel fore and aft fairings, wash plates and ramps. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms in side pontoons for mounting fore superstructure with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when shifting it from deployed to stowed position. For deployment of the ferry to working position, mounting the fairings, ramps and wash plates and folding them in the stowed position, ferry is provided with hydraulic system with actuating hydraulic cylinders. Deckhouse is lightly armored. Each pontoon and aft superstructure are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Engine fuel tanks and hydraulic fluid tanks for hydraulic system are arranged in middle compartment of center pontoon; power plant and one water-jet propeller of propulsion and steering complex are arranged in aft compartment; second water-jet propeller is arranged in aft compartment of the same pontoon. Storage battery unit of electrical equipment system is located in racks on level of deck in central compartment of aft superstructure. Ferry is provided with buoyancy maintenance system whose pumps are mounted in each pontoon; ferry is also provided with fire-fighting system.
EFFECT: increased cargo capacity of ferry; enhanced buoyancy and maneuverability; retaining functional capabilities in case of fire attack.
9 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: crossing bridge means; collapsible pontoons and ferries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed collapsible unit includes two end articulated and two middle pontoons, ramp and collapsible streamlined shields located on one of transoms of collapsible unit. Each ramp is provided with longitudinal guides on lower plane and each collapsible streamlined shield is made from middle section and two end articulated sections locked with braces relative to middle section. Middle section is provided with stop and is movably connected with longitudinal guides of ramp by means of rollers located on upper edge of shield and is rotatably connected by means of connecting rods articulated at one end to lugs on rear plane of middle section; at other end provided with tubular head it is articulated to axles found on side walls of ramp.
EFFECT: facilitated action of crew in handling the collapsible shields during ferry crossing; reduction of time required for loading the equipment on and unloading the equipment from ferry.