Tank-borne party ferry

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferrying heavy materiel through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry may be transported by land and may be launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. It is provided with deployment mechanisms articulated together and equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons, deck house with control members, engine with its systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoons, fore and aft fairings with wash plates and swivel ramps mounted on side pontoons. Pontoons have similar displacement; they are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Each ramp is made in form of watertight displacement-type skeleton imparting additional transversal stability to ferry during embarkation of tanks which may be locked in any position on hinged pontoon within preset angles of turn. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms of side pontoons for position of fore superstructure on the extended parts together with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when it is returned from deployed position to stowed position. Fuel tanks of engine supply system are arranged in middle compartment of central propulsion pontoon; they are arranged in groups located symmetrically relative to center of mass of ferry; each of them is provided with service tank fitted with fuel-contents gage and interconnected by means of pipe lines for centralized refueling through filler neck located in fore superstructure, thus ensuring smooth consumption of fuel from tanks both through service tanks and through one of them; provision is made for disconnection of group of tanks in case of damage to one of them with the aid of electric two-way valves. Propulsion and steering complex includes radial-type water-jet propellers at varying thrust vector; water-jet propellers are provided with vacuum pumps which are so mounted that air may be evacuated from water-jet propeller trunks which are filled with water before switching-on the pumps. Pumps may be switched on/off both automatically and manually from control console mounted in deckhouse.

EFFECT: increased cargo carrying capacity of ferry; improved running properties in shallow water; enhanced resistance to damage in combat.

10 cl, 9 dwg

 

The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and particularly to self-propelled ferries and can be used to ferry tanks and other heavy equipment over water obstacles.

Famous ferry-bridge machine PMM-2M (see "Equipment and weapons", October 2001, p.11-12), containing men and land tracked propulsion, hull and two folding pontoon, which in the transport position, placed the package on the case. The disadvantages of the known ferry-bridge machines are:

- limited capacity not exceeding 42.5 t, due to the large weight (36 t) afloat, including the land mass of the tracked propulsion and hull such capacity, though allowed to use the car ferry tanks of past generations, but small for an enable terminal of a modern main battle tanks, the weight of which reaches 60 t;

large sediment (1.8 m), which complicates the ability to use the machine in shallow water.

Known motor link (see RF patent №2098314, 63 In 35/54, E 01 D 15/14, 04.07.2001,), which consists of a hull-borne corps and United with him by hinges and butt nodes folding pontoon. The case contains a motor and men jet propulsion. At the rear is installed on the deck of the cabin and the mechanism rusk is itia and folding each of the folding pontoon, which includes a vertical rack with bypass pulley, a winch is driven by hydraulic motor level (with engine running) and the traction rope, the end of which a by-pass pulley connected to rumney button on the transom of the pontoon. On the outer sides of the pontoons placed misbelieve butt nodes that can be used to connect to the pontoon links. The pontoons and the casing is fitted in the forward part of the rotary fairing and aft pontoons are swivel-reflecting shields. Motor link is transported by land to the pontoon car.

The disadvantages of the known motor element are:

- small capacity does not allow to use it as a self-crossing means for heavy equipment;

the cabin has no armor protection, which makes it impossible to use the motor vehicle for landing under fire contact with the enemy;

- trossoblochnoy the drive mechanism and the folding of the folding pontoons are unreliable, requires the participation of the crew in the part and fixing the rope.

To increase the bearing capacity specified motor link in various combinations can be used when building the ferry or pontoon bridge, for example lung ferry landing on the patent of Russian Federation №2104209, 63 In 35/54, B 63 B 35/34, E 01 D 15/14, 06.06.1996,

Also known boat is CNY steam tank (see RF patent №2185996, 63 In 35/54, 63 In 35/36, 04.07.2001, which contains two displacement pontoon river level, consisting of pivotally connected two outer and two medium pontoons fitted on the transom butt joints, tool, automotive and installed on the ends of the ferry ramp. As a means of motorization applied the specified motor link, to the outer sides of the folding pontoons which docked the boat extra long river sections, the outer transom which is made with toboggan lines. On the outer transom at each pontoon river links has a folding hard bulwark, which is a continuation of the sliding rim, and between the ramps installed removable gunwale, made of waterproof fabric.

The disadvantage of the ferries is that structurally they are made as a composite of several parts, assembling them on the water, especially when excited, is difficult and time consuming, and transportation by land, by three separate conveyors.

Known motor link (see RF patent №2187441, 63 In 35/54, E 01 D 15/14, 21.12.2000), the most essential features adopted as a prototype for the proposed technical solution. Motor link includes a housing with a built-in deck roadway and deckhouse aft, the propulsion unit and propulsion and steering complex o f the items in the housing, and United with the body of the folding pontoons with butt joints, and ramps on the outer sides. Folding pontoon is connected to the housing in the plane of the bottom hinge using the displacement of the panels, made in one piece with the bottoms of the pontoons, and in the plane of the deck - with catwalks. In the spaces between the hull sides and the hinged sides of the pontoons posted by rotating in a horizontal plane relative to the folding pontoon rigid bow and stern floats with fairings. Between these floats posted pivotally attached to the lower planes catwalks folding floats. Motor link is transported by land on wheeled or tracked vehicle in the folded position as bunk package, which is formed by reversal folding pontoon 180° and laying them on the deck of the hull to the left and to the right of the cabin.

The disadvantages of the known motor element are:

- stacking folding pontoon left and right of the cuttings in the transport position as bunk, no package allows efficient use of a large area of the deck before cutting to accommodate the folding of the pontoons and to increase their size, and therefore, the displacement and load of the motor element, which reduces the possibility of its application as samostoiatelen the th crossing means for heavy equipment, including modern tanks;

- the complexity of the design leads to lower reliability, increases the time of preparation for the crossing of water obstacles and for transportation by land;

- lack of armor protection, logging, fire suppression systems and high-performance systems maintain buoyancy in the water is not possible to use the motor vehicle for landing under fire contact with the enemy.

The invention solves the problem of creating a landing ferry for crossing water obstacles main battle tanks and other heavy equipment.

The technical result achieved in the solution of the problem, is to increase the capacity of the ferry with good handling characteristics even in shallow water and survivability in combat.

The problem is solved in that the pontoons are made equal to the displacement and divided by partitions into sealed compartments, and each ramp is designed as a sealed hull-borne frame, conferring ferry additional lateral stability during loading of the tank, and provided with the possibility of locking on folding pontoon in any position in the interval of angles of rotation, with bow and stern deck parts motor pontoon made for the bow and stern transom side of the Ponto is s with providing placement opportunities to put the parts, accordingly, bow add-in with integrated wheelhouse and aft of the superstructure and installation of the side pontoons between the add-in to convert the boat into a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to transport position, with the fuel tanks of the power system of the engine placed in the middle compartment of the Central motor pontoon divided symmetrically located about the center of mass of the ferry, is provided with each metering tank toplevelitem and associated pipelines with the possibilities of centralized refueling tanks through the mouth, placed in the bow superstructure, ensure uniform production of fuel from fuel tanks, both through service tanks, and through one of them, and disconnect faulty or sustained damage to the group with the help of valves, such as two-channel electrical, and propulsion and steering complex used water cannons radial type with a variable thrust vector, which is equipped with vacuum pumps, which are installed with the possibility of pumping air from the mines of water and filling it with water before turning on, thus switching on and off of these pumps is carried out both in automatic and manual modes with remote control installed in the wheelhouse.

The ferry is equipped with a maintenance system p is avocette on the water, includes pump unit, placed in the engine and side pontoons, each of which is made with a centrifugal pump is a high performance, used to remove water from sections of the pontoons in an emergency situation, and bilge pump with low productivity, used to fill a centrifugal pump when it is turned on and to remove water from sections of the pontoons in a regular situation.

The ferry is equipped with a fire extinguishing system including cylinders fire extinguishing agents and sensor alarm fire, placed in the compartments of the pontoons, and made with the possibility of fire in the automatic mode according to the electrical signal from these sensors, and in forcing mode of operation according to the command from the remote control installed in the wheelhouse.

The aft superstructure is divided into sections, which provide air intake and exhaust system of the engine, spaced to either side of a motor pontoon, battery pack, external equipment starting and compact the aggregate.

Cutting made lightly armored with a bullet-glazed Windows, equipped with ventilation installation and is equipped with a hermetically closed by a door and a hatch in the roof.

Between the pump and the pump has an intake with a normally closed is labanim device with high bandwidth and the centrifugal pump and the pump are connected through a pipeline and intake with education together with the suction pipe of a centrifugal pump and piping, low tide, placed behind the pump, single pumping line.

The drive bilge pump used electric motor, and the drive centrifugal pump used hydraulic motor, is provided with an axial discharge.

Elements of the hydraulic system of the ferry, placed in the lateral folding pontoons, movably connected with the motor pontoon pressure pipelines made in the form of flexible hoses that are attached power cables consumers of electric systems placed in the side pontoons.

On each of the bow and stern skirts pinned-reflecting shield associated rotary rods with housing side folding pontoon, and the edges of the fairing installed techplace levers associated with the pontoon and hydraulic cylinders, ensuring the simultaneous installation of the fairing and seawall shield into position to direct the course of the rods and in the transport position their return stroke.

Tank with the working fluid of the hydraulic system is located at the minimum possible distance from the center of mass of the ferry.

Analysis of the main distinguishing characteristics showed that:

<> - implementation of the pontoons is equal in length and displacement achieves the maximum capacity of the ferry in these dimensions and allowed in the working position to form a vapor in the form of a rectangular platform with good men characteristics;

- making the bow and stern deck parts motor pontoon for front and rear transom of the side pontoons provided the possibility of posting on made parts, respectively, of the front superstructure with integrated wheelhouse and aft of the superstructure and installation of the side pontoons between the add-in to convert the boat into a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to transport position;

- execution of each ramp in the form of a sealed hull-borne frame steam gives extra lateral stability during loading of the tank, in addition, the ramp provided on the hinged locking the pontoon in any position in the interval of angles of rotation and provided with the opportunity of firing of the tank when the parachutes;

a symmetric arrangement of tanks power systems engine fuel relative to the center of mass of the ferry, the possibility of a centralized refueling tanks and uniform flow of fuel from the tanks, the location of the tank with the working fluid of the hydraulic sistemine shortest possible distance from the center of mass of the ferry allowed to distribute the weight of the ferry and ensured uniformity in its precipitation;

the separation power of the engine of fuel into groups, each equipped with a metering tank toplevelitem and associated pipelines with the possibility of running out of fuel at the same time as through service tanks, and through one of them and disable the failed or been damaged in combat groups, valves in increased system reliability and ferry, especially when landing;

- execution of cutting light armored vehicle with bullet-proof glass Windows provided a bulletproof vest and ballistic protection for the crew, which allowed us to use steam for landing tanks and other heavy equipment in the conditions of fire contact with the enemy;

equipment bow and stern motor pontoon deck add-ons, divided into compartments, allowed to optimally place the necessary working equipment, systems and property of the pontoon with access at the ferry, as well as for repair and maintenance;

- separation of air intake and exhaust systems of the engine to the sides of a motor ferry ruled out the possibility of mixing of clean air entering the engine, with the exhaust gases;

- use in propulsion and steering complex cannons radial type with a variable thrust vector, which is equipped with vacuum pumps that are installed with the possibility of the ability to provide pumping air from the mines of water and filling it with water before enabling them, ensured efficient operation of the water even with a slight draught empty ferry, which increased its men quality;

- each of the pump units system maintain buoyancy in the water with a centrifugal pump for high performance and bilge pump with low productivity allows you to remove the water from the sections of the pontoons in a regular situation - only pump with minimum energy consumption, and in an emergency situation - further on (in auto or manual mode) to remove the water from sections of the pontoons centrifugal pump high performance, saving his life;

- installation between the pump and the pump intake with a normally closed valve device with high bandwidth allows for the pump start high performance to make it filling with water.

- use the drive bilge pump electric motor, allows you to operate from batteries, providing buoyancy in normal situations;

- equipment ferry fire extinguishing system, including the cylinders fire extinguishing agents and sensor alarm of fire, provides an effective firefighting while fire;

- perform pressure mains hydraulic system of the ferry connecting the sides of the e folding pontoon with motor pontoon, in the form of flexible hoses ensures the operability of the system elements, placed in the side pontoons, when translating the ferry from a deployed working position to transport position, and from transport to working.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:

figure 1 is a top view of the ferry deck motor pontoon conventionally not shown;

figure 2 - side view of the ferry, type a in figure 1;

figure 3 is a front view of the ferry, type B in figure 2;

figure 4 is a side view of the ferry, folded in the transport package and laid low profile creeper conveyor;

figure 5 - cross section of the jet pump propulsion and steering of complex, cross-section b-b In figure 1;

figure 6 - pump system installation maintain buoyancy in the water, the cross-section G-g of figure 1;

figure 7 - the transport position of the ramp, cross section d-D in figure 1;

on Fig - working position of the ramp;

figure 9 - working and transport (shown dotted) position-reflecting shields, item E in figure 2.

Amphibious tank vapor 1 (see figure 1) contains equal the displacement and divided by partitions into sealed compartments Central motor pontoon 2 and pivotally connected side hinged pontoons 3 and 4. In the engine pontoon 2 posted by engine 5, its systems and propulsion and steering complex 6. Bow and stern deck the hour and the engine of the pontoon 2 was issued for the front and rear transom of the side pontoons 3, 4 posted nasal console 7 and feed 8 add-ons. The forward superstructure 7 is designed with a built-in soft felling 9 with bullet-proof glass Windows for the accommodation and protection of the crew (commander and steering-minder) and equipped with controls by ferry 1, and its main systems. Steam 1 made with the possibility of laying the side pontoons 3, 4 between add-ons, 7, 8 when converting ferry 1 in a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to transport position (shown by the dotted line in figure 2).

All three of the pontoon is equipped with built in their deck roadway with turning ramp 10 on its edges, and the side folding pontoon - reflecting shields 11, mounted on the bow and stern transom.

Each ramp 10 is made in the form of a rigid frame with a casing forming a sealed wodoslawsky design (see figure 3, 7, 8), which would allow the ferry additional lateral stability during loading of the tank. Possible locking ramp 10 hydraulic locks on folding pontoons 3, 4 in any position in the interval of angles of rotation from the fully folded at the folding pontoon 3, 4 in the transport position to the fully reclined in the working position during the loading equipment.

To deploy ferry 1 from the package in a production p is the supply and installation of ramps 10 and seawall panels 11 and folding the listed nodes in the transport position steam 1 equipped with a hydraulic system actuating cylinders.

To get into the cabin 9 crew as through the top hatch 12, made in the roof, including in the transport position, and from the deck by the back door 13 when the working position of the pontoons in the form of a flat rectangular floating platform. Lateral parts of the nasal superstructure 7 made in the form of compartments with gunwale 14, one compartment is used for placement of the neck 15 of the centralized refueling of the fuel system of the engine 5, the drainage of the neck 16 and the hopper 17 under the property, and the other compartment for installation of anchor winch 18.

The aft superstructure is divided into 8 compartments have air intake 19 and the exhaust system 20 of the engine, spaced to either side of a motor pontoon, the battery pack 21, and under the lid 22 has a set of spare parts, tools and equipment, including equipment external starting of the engine with the socket 23 and the small unit 24.

Fuel tanks supply system of the engine placed in the middle compartment of the Central motor pontoon 2, divided into two groups 25, 26 and 27, 28, symmetrically located about the center of mass of ferry 1, and service tanks 25, 27 is equipped with a toplivomerov. The system is equipped with openings 15, 16 and the surge tank 29, its elements are connected by pipes 30 with the possibility of a centralized refueling tanks and even you is abode fuel tanks, both through service tanks 25, 27, and through one of them, and disable the failed or been damaged in combat groups using, for example, dual electric valves 31, 32.

In propulsion and steering complex ferry 1 used water cannons 33 of the radial type with a variable thrust vector (see figure 5), which is equipped with a vacuum pump 34, mounted with the possibility of pumping air from the mines of the jets 33 and filling it with water before enabling them. Switching on and off of the pump 34 is carried out both in automatic and manual modes with remote control installed in the wheelhouse 9 (not shown).

Ferry 1 is equipped with a system for maintaining buoyancy in the water, including pumping installation (see Fig.6)placed in the engine 2 and the side pontoons 3, 4, and containing each centrifugal pump 35 high performance and bilge pump 36 low productivity. The drive centrifugal pump 35 is used for the hydraulic motor 37, is provided with an axial discharge, and the drive bilge pump 36 used electric motor 38.

Between the pump 35 and pump 36 at the bottom of the pontoon installed the intake 39, normally closed valve device with high bandwidth (not shown), and a centrifugal pump 35 and pump 36 is connected through line 40 is the intake 39 education together with the suction pipe 41 of the centrifugal pump 35 and pipelines tide 42, placed behind the pump, single pumping line.

Ferry 1 is equipped with a fire extinguishing system including cylinders 43 with fire extinguishing agents and sensors 44 alarm fire, placed in the compartments of the pontoons 2, 3 and 4. The system can be used in both thermal and optical sensors 44. The system is designed with the ability to fire in automatic mode according to the electrical signal from these sensors, and in forcing mode of operation according to the command from the remote control installed in the wheelhouse 9 (not shown).

Between the Central motor pontoon 2 and side pontoons 3, 4 mounted lever disclosure mechanisms 45 and 46, provided with a hydraulic drive (not shown). To ensure the rigidity of the ferry in the working position and fixation of the folding pontoons 3, 4 after opening in the lower part of their joints with the Central pontoon 2 is heretofore 47. Elements of the hydraulic system of the ferry, placed in the lateral folding pontoons, movably connected with the motor pontoon 2 pressure lines, made in the form of flexible hoses (not shown)that are attached power cables consumers of electric systems placed in the side pontoons 3, 4.

Seawall panels 11 hinged to each of the bow and stern fairing 48 (see Fig.9) and associated rotary Tagam the 49 frame side hinged pontoons 3, 4. The edges of the fairing installed techplace levers 50, associated with the pontoon and cylinders 51 of the hydraulic drive with providing simultaneous installation of the fairing 48 and seawall shield 11 in the working position by the direct stroke of the rod and into the transport position their return stroke.

When this tank 52 with the working fluid of the hydraulic system is located at the minimum possible distance from the center of mass of the ferry.

The above elements of the hydraulic system is arranged to control them from cuttings 9. Cabin 9 is equipped with navigation equipment, radio and ventilation unit (not shown).

Pontoon folded transported on specialized vehicles, such as crawler Transporter according to the patent of Russian Federation №2207281, class B 62 D 55/00, E 01 D 15/22 from 17.04.2001, (see figure 4).

Running steam as follows.

If necessary, ferry tanks or other heavy equipment caterpillar conveyor with the installed ferry 1 extends to a water hazard and approaches the water's edge in forward motion. The crew of the ferry leaves the conveyor, steering-minder through the hatch 12 is your workplace in the wheelhouse 9 and runs the engine 5. He then, using the actuating cylinders of the hydraulic system, alternatively lever mechanisms 45, 46 b reveals the same pontoons 3 and 4. After full disclosure of the pontoons 2, 3 and 4 form a flat platform and fixed by hydrostorage 47. Seawall panels 11 direct stroke of the cylinder 51 is transferred from the transport position into the working position, after which steam 1 is ready for launching. The captain of the ferry takes its place in the wheelhouse 9, all the fastening elements ferry 1 on the conveyor lastprivate, the conveyor starts moving abruptly halted when approaching the water's edge. Steam 1 due to forces of inertia slides along the roller conveyor devices and descends to the water. Before enabling propulsion and steering unit vacuum pump 34 is filled mine water jets 33, after which the jets 33 are included in the work. Steam 1 goes left or right side to prepared for loading a tank or other heavy equipment to place on the shore. Calculations showed that sediment empty ferry does not exceed 0.25 m and 0.65 m under a load of 60 tons This allows you to approach the shore as close as possible even in shallow water. On the beach are a few of the ramp 10, on which is loaded the ferry tank 1. After loading ramps 10 are formed and stopped in any position in the interval of angles of rotation with capability of firing of the tank.

When moving ferry 1 in normal mode the nose 7 and feed 8 add-motor p is ntona 2 and seawall panels 11 protect the deck of the ferry 1 from the pouring water. In normal mode the water is removed from sections of the pontoons 2, 3 and 4 bilge pumps 36. In an emergency situation when receiving holes bilge pump 36 is used to fill the centrifugal pump 36 when enabled, the removal of water from sections of the pontoons with high performance.

When landing in conditions of fire contact with the enemy lightly armoured cabin 9 with bulletproof glass window protects the crew of the ferry from bullets and shrapnel, and through filter-setting at the sealed hatch 12 and the door 13 is the possibility of using ferry 1 in the infected areas and heavy smoke. In the normal mode when the valves 31, 32 fuel evenly produced from all tanks. In the case of receiving combat damage system engine power steering fuel-minder with dual electric valves 31 or 32 disables invalid group tanks. If enabled, the valve 31 and disconnected the valve 32, the fuel is produced from tanks 25, 26, and if enabled, the valve 32 and off valve 31, the fuel is produced from tanks 27, 28. When the ignition of fuel or working fluid of the hydraulic system for the signal from the sensor 44 is released extinguishing composition from the container 43, located in the compartment where the fire happened, with high the th effectiveness of performing fire fighting. If the crew visually noticed the fire, pressing the button on the remote produces a forced actuation of the cylinder 38 in the corresponding compartment.

The main mode of filling fuel system ferry 1 is centralized refueling from the tanker through the neck 15 with open drainage of the neck 16, however, provided the opportunity and the Autonomous refueling of containers, such as barrels, using a small petrol unit 24. When discharged batteries you can run the engine 5 from the power source by connecting with a cable to the outlet 23 of the external equipment startup.

Thus, the present invention solved the task of creating a landing ferry for crossing water obstacles main battle tanks and other heavy equipment.

1. Amphibious tank steam, made with the possibilities of samotnosc water, transportation by land and by launching a specialized vehicle that contains provided with a disclosure mechanisms, pivotally interconnected and equipped with a built-in deck roadway Central motor pontoon and side hinged pontoons, cabin control, the engine and its systems and propulsion and steering complex, installed the motor pontoon, bow and aft fairings with seawall panels and pivoting the ramp installed on the side pontoons, wherein the pontoons are made equal to the displacement and divided by partitions into sealed compartments, and each ramp is designed as a sealed hull-borne frame, conferring ferry additional lateral stability during loading of the tank, and provided with the possibility of locking on folding pontoon in any position in the interval of angles of rotation, with bow and stern deck parts motor pontoon made for the bow and stern transom side pontoons with providing placement opportunities to put the parts, respectively, bow add-in with integrated cutting and aft of the superstructure and installation of the side pontoons between the add-in to convert the boat into a three-tiered package when it is translated from a deployed operating position to transport position, with the fuel tanks of the power system of the engine placed in the middle compartment of the Central motor pontoon divided symmetrically located about the center of mass of the ferry, is provided with each metering tank toplevelitem and associated pipelines with the possibilities of centralized refueling tanks through the mouth, placed in the bow superstructure, providing abnominal running out of fuel tanks, both through service tanks, and through one of them, and disable the failed or been damaged in combat groups with valves, for example, dual electric, with propulsion and steering complex used water cannons radial type with a variable thrust vector, which is equipped with vacuum pumps, which are installed with the possibility of pumping air from the mines of water and filling it with water before turning on, thus switching on and off of these pumps is carried out both in automatic and manual modes with remote control installed in the wheelhouse.

2. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that it includes a system for maintaining buoyancy in the water, including pumping stations, placed in the engine and side pontoons, each of which is made with a centrifugal pump is a high performance, used to remove water from sections of the pontoons in an emergency situation, and bilge pump with low productivity, used to fill a centrifugal pump when it is turned on and to remove water from sections of the pontoons in a regular situation.

3. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with a fire extinguishing system including cylinders fire extinguishing agents and sensor alarm of fire, the size is placed in the compartments of the pontoons, and made with the possibility of fire in the automatic mode according to the electrical signal from these sensors, and in forcing mode of operation according to the command from the remote control installed in the wheelhouse.

4. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the aft superstructure is divided into sections, which provide air intake and exhaust system of the engine, spaced to either side of a motor pontoon, battery pack, external equipment starting and compact the aggregate.

5. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the cutting is made lightly armored with a bullet-glazed Windows, equipped with ventilation installation and is equipped with a hermetically closed by a door and a hatch in the roof.

6. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 2, characterized in that between the pump and the pump has an intake with a normally closed valve device with high throughput, a centrifugal pump and pump are connected through a pipeline and intake with education together with the suction pipe of a centrifugal pump and piping, low tide, placed behind the pump, single pumping line.

7. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 2, characterized in that the drive bilge pump used electric on the", and to drive a centrifugal pump used hydraulic motor, is provided with an axial discharge.

8. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that the elements of the hydraulic system of the ferry, placed in the lateral folding pontoons, movably connected with the motor pontoon pressure pipelines made in the form of flexible hoses that are attached power cables consumers of electric systems placed in the side pontoons.

9. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that on each of the bow and stern skirts pinned-reflecting shield associated rotary rods with housing side folding pontoon, and the edges of the fairing installed techplace levers associated with the pontoon and hydraulic cylinders, ensuring the simultaneous installation of the fairing and seawall shield into position to direct the course of the rods and in the transport position their return stroke.

10. Amphibious tank vapor according to claim 1, characterized in that tank with the working fluid of the hydraulic system is located at the minimum possible distance from the center of mass of the ferry.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.

5 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: ferries for rivers of limited navigation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is provided with pontoons which are spaced apart in width and are made from different materials; cargo and passenger deck is secured on pontoons at two levels. Ferry is also provided with propulsion plant. Upper surface of cargo deck rising above water during operation is located in center plane of cylindrical pontoons; lower part of cargo deck which possesses positive buoyancy is immersed in water. Middle cylindrical part of each pontoon is made from non-metallic materials and is connected with metal end units by means of flanged joint located inside pontoon. Propulsion plant consists of two portable units mounted turnably on cargo deck for control of heading; these units are spaced apart along longitudinal axis of symmetry on edges of cargo deck.

EFFECT: increased capacity of ferry at shallow draft.

4 cl, 9 dwg

Recreation ship // 2270132

FIELD: shipbuilding; designing cargo and passenger ships.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ship has hull with pointed fore lines and flat-bottomed aft part which is closed with deck. Erected on deck is superstructure whose rear wall is used as hinged ramp of cargo compartment. Propulsion and steering complexes are arranged in midsection of ship in wells for raising and lowering them.

EFFECT: possibility of approach to shallow water areas; facilitated procedure of cargo-handling jobs.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding; collapsible pontoons.

SUBSTANCE: proposed pontoon-catamaran includes flat float assembled from sections which are interconnected by means of beams. Floats are provided with wheel recesses and folding supports for bumpers. Pontoon intended for front-drive automobile is provided with swivel propellers at drive from front wheels. Pontoon intended for rear-drive automobile is provided with bladed rudders at drive from front wheels and propellers at drive from rear wheels. Automobile pushes itself together with pontoon into water by use of its own mass and moves in water by means of its engine; control of pontoon motion is effected from automobile cabin.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding; river ships; self-propelled watercraft for carrying automobile transport facility, agricultural equipment and passengers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry includes pontoon with rollers and electric motor fitted on it; electric motor is connected with reduction gear by means of clutch and is set in motion by means of rope guide pulley lined with rubber. Arranged in house mounted on ferry are current collectors for supply of electric motor with electric power by means of contact wires stretched above river by means of supports; electric motor rotates rope guide pulley engageable with embracing rope.

EFFECT: increased cargo capacity; increased thrust; improved vision of berth.

7 dwg

The invention relates to the field of river shipbuilding, namely the river ferry crossing and, in particular, to a self-propelled floating facilities for the joint transportation via rivers, canals vehicles agricultural machinery, livestock and passengers

The invention relates to a means of transportation on water and can be used as an alternative to the yacht or boat, lovers of boating, workers away from city farms and agricultural areas

Shuttle tank vapor // 2185996
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, in particular to the ferries

Ferry // 2184046
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the ferries

The invention relates to vehicles multifunctional use and relates, in particular, the design of amphibious vehicles intended for travel on water, snow, ice

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.

5 cl, 9 dwg

Motor link // 2187441
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, in particular for motor parts

Shuttle tank vapor // 2185996
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, in particular to the ferries

Ferry // 2184046
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the ferries

The invention relates to crossing-bridge means carried by the car

Pontoon // 2149796
The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular, to the design of the pontoons, and can be used for the carriage of wheeled self-propelled transport

Motor link // 2120880
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to a pontoon parks, and can be used to build floating bridges and ferries

Motor link // 2120879
The invention relates to crossing-bridge means, and more specifically to the tugs

Foldable link // 2063361

River link // 2055772

FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.

5 cl, 9 dwg

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