Ferry for car transportation

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: shipbuilding. The inventive steam made in the form of a catamaran, the floats which are interconnected by transverse sliding of the telescopic beams 6 and 7 and consist of at least two parts, linked by a hinge. Reference slave paired rollers 15 and 16 are installed in the swivel brackets 38 and 39 and kinematically through the gear train associated with the rowing screw 22. Support rollers 15 and 16 receive rotation from the drive wheels 52 of the car. Swing-out column 20 by means of a lever system connected via swing arms 38 and 39 with the steering control of the vehicle. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 6 ill.

The invention relates to shipbuilding, and more specifically to the ferries, designed for high-speed transportation vehicles with passengers.

Known design river ferry intended for transportation of vehicles and passengers, containing the boats moving through the river.

Design of self-propelled ferries, moving through the river, bulky and inconvenient to use.

For the selected prototype steam to the rollers for wheel driving axle of the vehicle, and the steering device is kinematically associated with rotating cradles for steered wheels of the vehicle.

The disadvantage of this ferry is that it is not transportable.

The invention lies in the fact that the hull of the ferry made in the form of a catamaran, the floats which are connected with the possibility of relative displacement and equipped with retractable landing gear and guides cargo lanes with folding apparel gatherings, made with lugs, each of the floats is made foldable in at least two parts, interconnected by a hinge, while the kinematic relationship thruster with dual led supporting rollers includes a gear mechanism, and the kinematic connection of the steering device with swivel cradle includes a lever system.

In addition, the swivel cradle includes swivel brackets with installed coaxial driven supporting rollers for the front driving wheels steering axle, and kinematic relationship thruster with dual led supporting rollers provided with vertical rollers, aligned with the axes of rotation mentioned growling is S="ptx2">

In addition, the ferry is equipped with an adjustable hinged column, on which is mounted the above-mentioned propulsion and installed underwater aft wing wing system, which is equipped with steam.

In Fig. 1 shows the ferry, side view; Fig.2 is a view in plan; Fig. 3, a front view, and Fig.4 principially kinematic diagram of the propulsion system and the steering device ferry to transport a vehicle with rear-wheel drive wheels; Fig.5 is a side view of the ferry for transportation of the passenger car with front-wheel driven wheels; Fig.6 fundamental kinematic diagram of the propulsion system and steering the ferry for transportation front-wheel drive car.

Self-propelled ferry has wodoslawsky corps, consisting of two floating means glissiruyuschie type folding design, catamaran base forming system equipped with underwater wings. Boats ferry consists of 1 front 2 and rear 3 and 4 floats that are connected by the hinge 5 and bolted joints. The catamaran ferry is formed through the transverse sliding of the telescopic beams 6 and 7 connecting the front 1 and 2 and the back 3 and 4 floats. The ferry boats are equipped and 9 is equipped with a fold-apparel-assemblies 10 and 11 with the lug. The guide tracks 8 and 9 are located on the track width of the transported vehicle, in this case the car 12. The front of the floats 1 and 2 ferry is equipped with an adjustable cradle 13 and 14, arranged in alignment with the guide tracks 8 and 9 and provided with a brake device (not shown). The rear of the floats 3 and 4 is supplied with the reference slave paired rollers 15 and 16, located in the alignment of the guide tracks 8 and 9 and is also equipped with braking devices (not shown). The paired rollers 15 and 16 are grooved profile, made in the form of wheels of the vehicle 12 with which they are in contact. The front of the floats 1 and 2 with moveable vertical posts 17 and 18 having a removable front scuba wing 19. The ferry is equipped with swing-out column 20, the carrier feed underwater wing 21 and screw 22, kinematically associated with the reference slave paired rollers 15 and 16. The guide tracks 8 and 9 cargo deck has a hinged grippers 23 and 24, interacting with jacking jacks car body 12 for attaching the latter to the ferry. As follows from the kinematic diagram shown in Fig.4, the screw 22 by means of the bevel gears 25 and 26, shaft 27, the conic is the exploits of chain gears 31 and 32. Swing-out column 20 of the propulsion system of the ferry with the help of the lever 33, rod 34, the two shoulders of the lever 35, 36 and thrust levers 37 kinematically connected through a turning of the cradle 13 and 14 with the steering system of the transported passenger car 12.

Self-propelled ferry for passenger car with front-wheel drive wheels shown in Fig.5, also includes 1 front and 2 rear 3 and 4 pivotally connected among themselves floats. However, supporting slave paired rollers 15 and 16 are installed in the swivel brackets 38 and 39 located on the front of the floats 1 and 2 ferry. As follows from the scheme shown in Fig. 6, the paired rollers 15 and 16 interconnected by means of cylindrical gear wheels 40 and 41 and the input drive shaft 42, carrying on yourself bevel gear 43 which engages with a tapered shaft-gear 44, the bearing bevel gear 45. The axis of rotation of the gear shaft 44 is aligned with the axis of rotation of the brackets 38 and 39. Reference slave paired rollers 15 and 16 swing arms 38 and 39 kinematically connected via a conical toothed wheels 46 and 47 and the shaft 48 and the screw 22 swing-out column 20 through bevel gears is I 12. Swing-out column 20 via a lever 33 (as shown in Fig.4), rod 34, the two shoulders of the lever 35, 36 and thrust levers 37 kinematically connected through the swing arms 38 and 39 with the steering system of the vehicle 12.

Preparation ferry to the operation is performed in the following order.

Steam in the form of a trailer is delivered to the vehicle 12 to the crossing place (in the transport position in the form of a trailer ferry not shown). The trailer is detached from the vehicle, floats 1,3 and 2,4 are arranged apart and fixed. The upright 17 and 18 mounted front scuba wing 19. Then steam on wheels faces in the water. Wheels removed, Recline apparel assemblies 10 and 11, which its lug moor ferry to shore. Swivel the cradle 13 and 14 are guided along the alignment of the guide tracks 8 and 9 of the cargo deck and fixed brake devices. Reference slave paired rollers 15 and 16 are also fixed brake devices. After his stroke roll on the ferry the car 12, which apparel the assemblies 10 and 11 and the guide tracks 8 and 9 rises to the cargo deck of the ferry. When this wheel 52 of the driving axle of the vehicle 12 pravlenie wheels 12 are mounted on the swivel cradle 13 and 14, the axis of rotation which coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the wheel. Then swivel the cradle 13 and 14 and the reference slave paired rollers 15 and 16 disinhibited and apparel assemblies 10 and 11 are installed in a marching position. The ferry takes off from the shore, drops swing-out column 20, is brought forward underwater wing 19, start the vehicle engine 12 includes the speed and steam, driven by the transported vehicle, acquires movement.

1. FERRY TO TRANSPORT VEHICLE, comprising a housing, propeller kinematically associated with the coupled driven supporting rollers for the wheel driving axle of the vehicle, and a steering device kinematically associated with rotating cradles for steered wheels of the vehicle, characterized in that the housing of the ferry made in the form of a catamaran, the floats which are connected with the possibility of relative displacement and equipped with retractable landing gear and guides cargo lanes with folding apparel gatherings, made with lugs, each of the floats is made foldable in at least two parts, interconnected by a hinge, this kinematic relationship on the steering device with swivel cradle includes a lever system.

2. Steam under item 1, characterized in that the swivel cradle includes swivel brackets with installed coaxial driven supporting rollers for the front driving wheels steering axle, and kinematic relationship thruster with dual led supporting rollers provided with vertical rollers, aligned with the axes of rotation of the above-mentioned levers and connected with a gear mechanism, while the swing arms are equipped with braking devices.

3. The ferry on the PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that it is equipped with swing-out column, on which is mounted the above-mentioned propulsion and installed underwater aft wing wing system, which is equipped with steam.

 

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