Apparatus and method for manufacture of link from pasty mass and co-extrusion device for said apparatus and method

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, preparing of linked sausage products.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has co-extrusion device for pasty mass and casing enclosing said pasty mass, casing hardening means, twisting means, and conveyor positioned rearward of twisting means. Co-extrusion device and twisting means for guiding link on the one side, and conveyor on the other side are adapted for rotation relative to one another.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, compact construction and provision for conditions desirable for twisting operation.

19 cl, 10 dwg

 

This invention relates to a device and method of making garlands from a pasty mass, in particular sausage meat. The closest analogue of the claimed device is known from international publication WO 93/12660 device containing the means of coextrusion pasty mass and the shell surrounding the pasty mass, the means of curing, designed to effect the curing of the shell, and means for twisting. In WO 93/12660 also disclosed a method of making garlands from a pasty mass, which is the closest analogue of the proposed method.

In addition, the invention relates to a tool for coextrusion coextrusion pasty mass, in particular sausage meat, and a shell surrounding the mass. The closest analogue of the claimed means of coextrusion is a means of coextrusion, known from international publication WO 99/22600 and having a filling tube and the extrusion nozzle, connected to the filling tube.

The device known from international publication WO 93/12660, is intended, in particular, to produce a continuous sausage chain. There extrusion head in which a reservoir is served pasty mass, in particular sausage meat. Extrusion head of this known device has the extrusion pasty mass along with the shell, environmental mass, in the form obtained by extrusion. Typically, the membrane consists of collagen, i.e. protein, which forms an aqueous gel having a high water content.

After the release obtained by extrusion of the product from the extrusion head shell of collagen must be subjected to curing by means of coagulation. For this shell of collagen exposed for a relatively long period of time the effects of coagulant, for example, a salt solution of high concentration.

In the device known from international publication WO 93/12660, the salt solution is introduced into contact with the shell of collagen in the means of curing. This means curing are directly connected to the extrusion head and consists of a chute that goes down in a spiral, starting from the extrusion head. The groove for the cure has a spiral shape to ensure a sufficiently long period of time extruded product in the gutter.

This spiral chute, which can have a length of from 10 to 15 m, has a separate standard node twist, in which the extruded product is twisted to form portions. Then extruded sausage, twisted with the formation of the portions removed from the site kinking, hung and smoked the usual ways is om or subjected to further processing in any other way.

Due to the spiral design of the gutter for curing and its considerable length of production line has large dimensions and, accordingly, requires excessive space. Moreover, due to the relatively large time delay extruded product in the chute for curing performance of the known device is relatively small.

These weaknesses are partially overcome in the device described in document EP 0932340 B1.

In this device a means of curing instead of gutters for curing includes a belt conveyor, which is continuous extruded product that is sprayed with brine from the nozzles along the conveyor line. For conveyor line may be located separate node twist that takes the extruded sausage with hardened shell and misrepresents it.

Indeed, when using this pipeline, the performance of the device can be increased. However, the belt conveyor of this means of curing proposed in international publication WO 93/12660, moves in a spiral or winding path. Therefore, the device known from document EP 0932340 B1, also requires a large space.

A similar device, in which extrude the integration of product moved under the spray nozzles on the twisting conveyor with a flexible conveyor belt, it is known from the document US 6024637. Another device with the winding means of curing, intended for making garlands from a pasty mass, it is known from the document EP 0755189 B1.

In General, all the above-described conventional devices, twisting extruded sausage is carried out in a separate node kinking, which have for spiral line curing. Therefore, to accommodate such devices require a large space.

Proceeding from the prior art the aim of the invention is a device and method of manufacture obtained by coextruding garlands of a pasty mass, which have high performance and compact design, providing the necessary conditions for the operation of twisting.

An additional objective underlying the invention is to create a means of coextrusion, intended for use in such device or a similar method.

In accordance with the invention, the achievement of this goal is ensured by creating a device for the manufacture of garlands of a pasty mass, in particular sausage meat containing the means of coextrusion pasty mass and the shell surrounding the pasty mass, the means of curing, designed for curing about what Olecki, and the means of twisting, with the specified device contains a conveyor located behind the means of twisting, which is a device that directs a garland, and a means of coextrusion and fixture filing garland, on the one hand, and the conveyor, on the other hand, are designed to bring in rotation relative to each other, and the pipeline is designed in such a way that provides simultaneous extraction pushed out means of coextrusion garlands and holding it.

Due to the possibility of relative rotation between the means of coextrusion and device node kinking guiding a garland, on the one hand, and the conveyor, on the other hand, provides a necessary condition for the twisting part garlands, located between the means of twisting and pipeline.

This means that the pipeline is not only for transporting the extruded product in accordance with the invention, but also performs the twisting extruded product, interacting with the fixture means kinking guiding a garland. In contrast, in known devices the pipeline is part of the means to cure and is only for the direction pushed sausage garlands through a tub of brine or shower is C brine.

In addition, the purpose of the pipeline in the known devices is to increase the duration of the curing or drying, which is a consequence of the spiral route. The spiral route means curing prevents interaction site of twisting and subsequent conveyor, not described in the prior art, by means of coextrusion.

In accordance with the invention, operation twist is distributed not only on the conveyor located behind the tool twisting, but also on the adaptation of the means of twisting, throwing a garland, and a means of coextrusion. Due to this distribution of functions you can do without a separate device, kinking, which is a complete twist. Preferably, if in accordance with this invention the twisting extruded product can be carried out using simple means, which will give you the opportunity to obtain a compact construction of the production line.

In addition, in accordance with the invention, a conveyor located behind the means of twisting, in addition to transportation shall pulling pushed out means of coextrusion garlands, which occurs synchronously with the speed of ejection. This fact is advantageous in that it prevents the accumulation about the products the means of coextrusion, which can speed ejection.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention for making relative rotation, means of coextrusion and fixture filing a garland made with the possibility of rotation, and a conveyor configured to transport garland without changing its position. Thus, the conveyor pulls the chain and at the same time keeps it protected from twisting. The rotation of the device, making the garland, the garland can be involved in rotation so that it is twisted in relation to part garlands held in the pipeline without changing position. Thanks to the rotating structure means of coextrusion part garlands, directly pushed out of the tool, is compelled to follow the rotational movement of the fixture, making the garland. This fact prevents the twisting part garlands, located between the means of coextrusion and device guiding a garland.

With this design, which can be made by simple means, using a separate node twist can be excluded and, thus, to improve the compactness of the installation.

In another preferred embodiment, the tool sextr the Ziya contains the filling tube and the extrusion nozzle, connected to the filling tube and the filling tube and the extrusion nozzle is made with a possibility of rotation relative to the longitudinal axis of the filling tube. Rotation of the filling tube and the extrusion nozzle relative to the same longitudinal axis of the pasty mass and the shell surrounding this mass, can be co-extruded, essentially without effort.

In a preferred embodiment, the extrusion nozzle has an annular gap that is formed between the filling tube and the wall of the extrusion nozzle at the free end of the filling tube. Through this annular gap material for the shell is applied to get pushed out of the filling tube pasty mass in the form of a thin film for the formation of sausage casings.

In the preferred form of an annular gap essentially passes radially to the longitudinal axis of the filling tube, and the wall is essentially ends with the free end of the filling tube. Means of coextrusion with such extrusion nozzle can be manufactured easily and inexpensively.

In another preferred embodiment, the annular gap is essentially runs parallel to the longitudinal axis of the filling tube, and the wall is essentially covers the free end of the filling tube. In addition, the wall may be secured in CPE is as coextrusion can move along the axis. The advantage of this is that the annular gap can be adjusted, i.e. the distance between the wall and the end of the filling tube can be changed.

The wall may restrict the hollow space of the nozzle surrounding the filling tube and in communication with the device for feeding the stock. The material for the shell is introduced into the hollow space of the extrusion nozzle by means of devices for feeding the stock and from there it nabryzgivajut through the annular gap on the extruded sausage coming out of the filling tube. Preferably, if the hollow space of the nozzle can compensate for pressure fluctuations in the supply of material for the shell, which improves the uniformity of the applied film.

In a preferred embodiment, the extrusion nozzle is still connected to the filling tube and mounted for rotation. This produces a very compact design means of coextrusion. At the same time this provides for simultaneous rotation of the extrusion nozzle and the filling tube.

Fixture means kinking, guiding the strand may contain a sleeve, mounted rotatably in the housing and connected with the toothed wheel. Extruded sausage is directed through the sleeve and is driven into rotation when you rotate the device, the direction of the Commissioner garland. The rotation can be created by means of toothed wheels, which can be connected to the drive.

In the preferred case, the drive means of twisting and means of coextrusion operate synchronously, so that due to the synchronous rotation loosen tension in the part of garlands between the means of twisting and means of coextrusion.

The conveyor may include at least two parallel conveyor belts, "calibre" which can be adjusted and which serves located between the part of the garland without changing its position. It is useful that by adjustment of the parallel conveyor belts, the device may be adapted to extruded sausages with different calibers. In addition, in this embodiment, as transporting function and a holding function pipeline implement simple way.

Means of coextrusion, the means of curing, a means of twisting and the conveyor can be located coaxially with the formation of a particularly compact design.

The means of curing may contain circular shower or bath brine, which is placed directly behind by means of coextrusion. It is not necessary that the means of cure had, as in the prior art, the spiral is th design to ensure a sufficiently long period of time extruded sausages.

Up to the present time such a long exposure time required to achieve adequate strength casings were required due to the use of materials from collagen. However, currently on the market there are materials for the production of films for shell sausages that require a very short period of curing time of approximately 1 second. These include, for example, such material as Rudin CoEx Vegacasing. In addition, the materials of vegetable origin, such as algae, can be processed by the method described in WO 02/15715.

Due to the extremely short time of curing such materials for the shell does not require careful consideration means of curing in the form of a spiral. To contact shell sausage with brine within a relatively short time is sufficient rectilinear ring a shower or a bath.

In another preferred embodiment, between the means of twisting and conveyor includes a unit displacement. This block supersedes the pasty mass in certain areas extruded product so that in these areas the sausage strand can be easily twisted.

Conveniently, if the unit contains two displacement of the displacer, which operate synchronously in opposite directions Yves closed up to form a gap. When passing the extruded sausage through the block displacement plungers are closed and form a gap, from which ousted pasty mass. Therefore, the gap has remained essentially the only casings.

The achievement of this objective is ensured by the creation means for coextrusion coextrusion pasty mass, in particular sausage meat, and a shell surrounding the mass, containing the filling tube and the extrusion nozzle, connected to the filling tube, with the filling tube and the extrusion nozzle made with the possibility of rotation around the longitudinal axis of the filling tube.

The achievement of this objective is ensured by the creation method of making garlands from a pasty mass, in particular sausage meat, comprising the steps of coextrusion pasty mass and the shell surrounding the mass, curing membranes and direction of the garland without changing its position by means of twisting and conveyor, and means for twisting and create a pipeline relative rotational movement to twist part of the garland with the formation of the portions.

In the specified way through node displacement, located between the means of twisting and conveyor, pasty mass displace concerning about is Olecki for the formation of the gap.

Below the invention is illustrated in more detail variants of execution with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings, in which

figure 1 depicts a side view of a variant implementation of the invention;

figa depicts the cross-section means of coextrusion device shown in figure 1;

fig.2b depicts a cross-section with a modified configuration of the annular gap;

figure 3 depicts a side view of the cut out parts shown in figure 1 device containing a circular shower and a means of coextrusion;

figure 4 depicts a side view of an additional variant of execution of the invention containing a bath of brine and means of coextrusion;

figure 5 depicts the cross-section means of twisting;

6 depicts the cross-section shown in figure 5 fixtures means of twisting, making the garland; and

figa-7C depict side views of the unit displacement in different positions.

As shown in figure 1, the device comprises a reservoir 11, through which the pasty mass, for example sausages, can be brought into the filling tube 21. The sausage under pressure is injected into the filling tube 21 through the opening 8, which is also depicted in cross-section figa, and served in the tool 27 coextrusion, made in the form of the extrusion head, which connection is replaced with a device 26 for supplying external mass i.e. material for the shell.

For carrying out the process of coextrusion the sausage serves as an internal mass in the tool 27 coextrusion through the filling tube 21 in the direction of the arrow and at the same time the material for the shell is served in the tool 27 coextrusion through a device 26 for feeding in the direction of the arrow C. This, in particular, it is shown in figure 2.

In addition, as can be seen from figure 1, obtained by coextruding sausage garland, coming out means 27 of the coextrusion, pass through a shower ring 31, which is part of the means 3 curing and is located behind the tool 27. Circular shower 31 is connected with a device for feeding brine, which serves to soul ring 31 via a pump from another tank 12. Once received by coextruding sausage out of funds 3 curing, sausage shell hardens and takes the appropriate strength not to break off when twisting extruded sausage with the formation of the portions.

For tool 3 curing consistently in the direction of transportation are the means of 4 kinking, block 6 displacement and the conveyor 5.

In an embodiment, depicted in figure 1, the device 41 of node 4 kinking, guiding the garland, and the tool 27 coextrusion, comprising a filling tube 21 and extrusion the second nozzle 22, made with the possibility of rotation. A detailed image of the device 41, the guide strand, is shown in figure 5 and figa means 27 of the coextrusion, which are described in more detail below.

The tool 27 co-extruded with the filling tube 21 are driven by the actuator 7, which is located, when viewed in the direction of transportation, before the inlet opening 8 into the filling tube 21.

As you can see from figure 1, the conveyor 5 is designed as two parallel conveyor belts 51, 52. The distance between the belts 51, 52 can be changed to allow adaptation of the conveyor 5 to sausage garlands of various calibres.

During operation of the sausage strand is passed through the tool 4 of twisting and, after exiting means 3 curing, between the conveyor belts 51 and 52. Conveyor belts 51 and 52 are pulled sausage garland popped from 27 coextrusion, synchronously with the speed of ejection and at the same time transport the final product to the tool 10 of suspension.

In addition, two conveyor belts 51, 52 are used to hold parts garlands, located between them during the drawing process, to prevent it from twisting. This is done by setting a specified distance between the conveyor belts 51, 52 so that nayernia tape 51, 52 have on located between the part of the garland of a pressure large enough to protect part of the garlands from twisting, but without damaging it.

For sausage twisting garlands tool 4 twist applies torque to the part of the garland, which is located between the conveyor 5 and the tool 4 twists. To perform this depicted on srig device 41, guide garland, makes rotation at the desired speed, and some garlands, located in the device 41, the pilot garland, makes rotation in the same direction. As part of garlands, located in the conveyor 5, is prevented from twisting, then by rotating the device means 41 4 kinking, the guide strand, is the twisting part garlands, located between the tool 4 of twisting and conveyor 5. And it makes possible a sausage twisting garlands with the formation of the portions.

To avoid twisting, part garland, located between the tool 4 of twisting and means 27 of the coextrusion during the process of twisting tool 27 coextrusion, i.e. the filling tube 21 and connected with it the extrusion nozzle 22, mounted for rotation.

So, can rotate C the perfect part garlands, starting from the extrusion nozzle 22 to conveyor 5, the torque applied to the tool 4 twists. This means that part of garlands, located between the extrusion nozzle 22 and node 4 kinking, essentially not subjected to torsion, while part garlands, located between the tool 4 of twisting and conveyor 5, is twisted.

To achieve conditions of complete absence of torsion sausage garlands, located between node 4 of twisting and means 27 of the coextrusion, the tool 4 is twist and means 27 of the coextrusion include synchronously with the drive 7.

The above described relative rotation between the conveyor and means for twisting can be achieved by other means, if the means of twisting and means of coextrusion stationary, i.e. they do not allow any rotation of the sausage garlands. In this case, the rotation required to twist, according to sausage garland through appropriately modified pipeline. This altered the conveyor allows the simultaneous transportation of sausage garlands along the axis and its rotation around the axis of the direction of transport.

Hereinafter described in more detail individual building components, depicted in figure 1.

The tool 27 coextrusion, day is given in figure 2, contains the filling tube 21 and the extrusion nozzle 22. The filling tube 21 and the extrusion nozzle 22 may, as shown by the arrow of rotation, to rotate around the longitudinal axis of the filling tube 21. The extrusion nozzle 22 is still connected to the filling tube 21, for example, by press fit. Undoubtedly, there are also other types of connections. The extrusion nozzle 22 is fixed rotatably in the housing 28 and is sealed from the environment in order to prevent the penetration of foreign matter in the sausage garland.

The extrusion nozzle 22 has an annular gap 23, which concentrically surrounds the filling tube 21. This annular gap 23 is formed between the wall 24 of the extrusion nozzle 22 at the free end of the filling tube 21 and the filling tube 21.

In this case, the annular gap 23 extends essentially radially to the longitudinal axis of the filling tube 21, and, as you can see in figa, the wall 24 is essentially ends with the free end of the filling tube 21.

Alternatively, it is also possible, as shown in fig.2b, the execution wall 24 in the form of an annular disk, which covers the free end of the filling tube 21 in its inner circumference. The so formed ring gap 23 between the covering of the walls and 24 and the free end of the filling tube 24 passes, as shown in fig.2b, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the filling tube.

A circular disc, i.e. the wall 24, is inserted in the axial direction of the tool 27 coextrusion and can be shifted by the movement of the slide. By shifting the annular disk along the axis in the direction of the double arrow shown in fig.2b, you can also change taking place in the axial direction of the annular gap, i.e. the distance between the covering part of the annular disk and the free end of the filling tube 21.

The wall 24 limits the hollow space 25 of the nozzle, which communicates with the device 26 for submission of material for the shell. The hollow space 25 is limited by another wall 29 with a thickness greater than the thickness of the wall 24. The filling tube 21 and the extrusion nozzle 22 are connected to each other in the area of thicker wall 29. The wall 29 has such dimensions that the connection between the extrusion nozzle 22 and the filling tube 21 has a sufficient strength.

During operation, a paste material for the shell is pressed into the hollow space 25 of the nozzle in the direction of the arrow through the fixtures for submission 26, where it is extruded from the extrusion nozzle 22 through the annular gap 23. At the same time through the filling tube 21 to the free (left in figure 2) the end of the filling tube 21 in the direction of the arrow To enter a pass is Obratnaya mass, for example sausage stuffing. To ensure the coextrusion on sausages, facing the free end of the filling tube 21, through the annular gap 23 of the extrusion nozzle 22 is sprayed material for the shell.

The thickness of the applied sausage casings can be adjusted by changing the size of the annular gap 23. The proportion of the material for the shell and sausage stuffing can be adjusted by means of the feed speeds of the feeding pump connected respectively with the extrusion nozzle 22 and the filling tube 21.

When the sausage twisting garlands between the tool 4 of twisting and conveyor 5 of the filling tube 21 and attached thereto, stationary extrusion nozzle 22 rotate around the axis of the filling tube by means of the actuator 7. This means that during the twisting of the material for the shell and sausage stuffing rotate synchronously so that the material for the shell can evenly nabryzgivaniya for sausage stuffing.

As shown in figure 3, the tool 3 curing located behind the tool 27 coextrusion, provided with a circular shower 31. Circular shower 31 is connected to the reservoir by a pump for feeding brine. Alternatively, the brine in the tub 32, through which is passed extruded festoon product, can be located behind the tool 27 soak is trutii.

Thanks to a very short time the curing materials for the shell line curing may be short, as shown in figure 1.

The tool pulls installed directly outside the ring 31 or shower EN 32 with brine. Tool 4 twist contains device 41, guide garland, with the sleeve 43 mounted in the housing 42 for rotation. The ends of the sleeve 43 is rounded, the rounding is made more flat at the front in the direction of transportation of the inlet than at the rear of the outlet. Since the internal diameter of the sleeve 43 is slightly less than the outer diameter of the sausage garlands to create, respectively, a certain friction or useful blocking, the flattening of the sleeve 43 on the inlet side prevents damage sausage garlands upon its entry into the sleeve 43.

The sleeve is driven by a sprocket wheel 44, for example, a friction wheel or a toothed wheel, which is still connected to the sleeve 43. The drive wheel 44 may be connected to the actuator 7.

During operation of the sausage strand is passed through the sleeve 43 and in the implementation of twists involve the rotation of the rotational movement of the sleeve 43. Due to the interaction of the rotary filling tube 21 is fixedly connected with it extrus is evident nozzle 22, and rotatable sleeve 43, it becomes possible to sausage twisting garlands held on the conveyor without changing its position.

Node 6 displacement, shown in figure 1 between the tool 4 of twisting and conveyor 5, in more detail depicted on figa, 7B and 7C.

Node 6 displacement serves to displace pasty internal mass in the required locations division along the longitudinal axis of the extruded product. To do this, block 6 contains two displacement installed with the possibility of rotation of the displacer 61, 62, which operate synchronously in opposite directions. When joining or coupling of the plungers 61, 62, as shown in figv, internal mass moves relative to the hardened outer mass, i.e. sausage casings. As a result, the extruded product is formed gap. Avoid cutting ekstrudirovannogo product or hardened shell closed between the plungers 61, 63 left a gap 63, as can be seen from figv. The size of this gap 63 depends on the thickness of the outer shell.

After the separation of the extruded product into pieces by moving the plungers 61, 62 twisted garland, which created the initial tension of the torsion can reset voltage via banners, i.e. the desired plot twist incoming displaced in the gap.

Garland, consisting of portions, it is possible to change and set its shape, powering not shown in the drawings, the drive unit 6 of displacement. Seats kink is also variable and is set by the actuation of the drive means 7 4 twists.

Alternatively, you can dispense with the block 6 displacement, provided that the conveyor belts 51, 52 are installed directly after funds 4 twists.

The gap in the inner part of the sausage garlands necessary for the implementation of the twist, in this embodiment, can be obtained by inhibition of the flow of extrudable toppings or only reduced bandwidth transportation internal mass at a constant throughput of transportation of the outer mass and simultaneous acceleration of the conveyor belts 51, 52.

As in the variant with block 6 displacement, while working in garland post tension torsion by rotational means 4 twist relative to the conveyor belts 51, 52. Plot twist prestressing sausage garland is formed in the gap and creates a serving.

The device shown in figure 1, can be easily combined with additional components, for example a cutting tool 9 or 10 p is desimone.

The filling tube 21 with an extrusion nozzle, and a sleeve 43 may serve to determine the size and shape of elements that are used to create different calibers sausages.

1. Device for the manufacture of garlands (1) of a pasty mass, in particular sausage meat containing means (27) coextrusion pasty mass and the shell surrounding the pasty mass, a means (3) curing, designed for curing of the shell, and means (4) kinking, characterized in that it comprises a conveyor (5), located behind the tool (4) kinking, which has a device (41), guiding light, and a means (27) coextrusion and fixture (41), guide garland, on the one hand, and the conveyor (5), on the other hand, are designed to bring in rotation relative to each other, and the conveyor is designed in such a way that provides simultaneous extraction pushed out means of coextrusion garlands and holding it.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the means (27) coextrusion and fixture (41)submitting a garland made with the possibility of bringing into rotation, and the conveyor (5) is arranged to transportation garland (1) without changing its position.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the means (27) coextrusion who will win the filling tube (21) and the extrusion nozzle (22), connected to the filling tube (21), and the filling tube (21) and an extrusion nozzle (22) is arranged to rotate around the longitudinal axis (A) of the filling tube (21).

4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the extrusion nozzle (22) has an annular gap (23)formed between the filling tube (21) and the wall (24) of the extrusion nozzle (22) at the free end of the filling tube (21).

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the annular gap (23) extends essentially radially to the longitudinal axis (A) of the filling tube (21)and the wall (24)essentially ends with the free end of the filling tube (21).

6. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the annular gap (23) extends essentially parallel to the longitudinal axis (A) of the filling tube (21)and the wall (24) covers the free end of the filling tube (21).

7. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that for adjustment of the annular gap (23) wall (24) is located in the tool (27) co-extruded with the ability to shift along the axis.

8. The device at least according to one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that the wall (24) restricts the hollow space (25) of the nozzle surrounding the filling tube (21) and communicates with the device (26) for feeding the stock.

9. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the extrusion nozzle (22) still connected to the filling tube (21) and mounted for rotation.

10. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the device (41), guide garland, contains a sleeve (43)is mounted rotatably in the housing (42) and connected with the sprocket wheel (44).

11. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the means (4) twist and means (27) coextrusion are driven synchronously.

12. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the conveyor (5) comprises at least two parallel conveyor belts (51,52), the size of which can be adjusted and which transport is located between the part of the garland without changing its position.

13. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the means (27) the extrusion tool (3) curing agent (4) twist and the conveyor (5) are aligned.

14. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the means (3) curing contains shower ring (31) or bath (32) for brine, installed directly behind the tool (27) coextrusion.

15. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the means (4) twist and conveyor (5) is the block (6) eviction.

16. The device according to item 15, wherein the block (6) contains two displacement of the displacer (61,62)operating synchronously in opposite directions and closed up forming a gap (63).

17. Means (27) for coextrusion coextrusion pasty m is ssy, in particular sausage meat, and a shell surrounding the mass, containing the filling tube (21) and the extrusion nozzle (22), connected to the filling tube (21), characterized in that the filling tube (21) and an extrusion nozzle (22) is arranged to rotate around the longitudinal axis (A) of the filling tube (21).

18. A method of making garlands from a pasty mass, in particular sausage meat, comprising the steps of coextrusion pasty mass and the shell surrounding the mass, curing membranes and direction of the garland without changing its position by means of (4) twisting and conveyor (5), and between the tool (4) twist and conveyor (5) create a relative rotational movement to twist part of the garland with the formation of the portions.

19. The method according to p, characterized in that by means of the node (6) displacement, located between the means (4) twist and conveyor (5), pasty mass shift relative to the shell to form the gap.



 

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Press-extruder // 2266821

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SUBSTANCE: method involves using basic products such as lentils preliminarily ground to 0.16-0.63 mm sized particles; mixing ground lentils with sunflower cake preliminarily ground to 0.16-0.63 mm sized particles and with semolina, said components being used in the ratio, wt%: lentils 42.7-51.1; sunflower cake up to 6.5; semolina 47.3-54.2; moistening resultant mixture to 20-30% moisture content; processing resultant mixture in screw-type extruder, said product having temperature of 368-393 K in zone upstream of die, at screw rotational velocity of 1-2 s-1 and pressure of 6-10 MPa in extruder zone upstream of die.

EFFECT: provision for obtaining of combined extruded food products with high quality and balanced composition.

5 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: food-concentrates industry, in particular, methods for manufacture of extruded products.

SUBSTANCE: method involves sieving basic products; moistening; holding in hopper and extruding; using lentil ground to 0.16-0.63 mm sized particles as basic product; mixing basic product with sunflower cake having particles of 0.16-0.63 mm size and rice groats having particles of 0.16-0.63 mm size. Components are used in the following ratio, wt%: lentil 42.0-44.0; sunflower cake 9.6-13.1; rice groats 44.6-47.4. Method further involves moistening mixture to 20-25% moisture content and processing it in screw-type extruder, with temperature of product before it approaches die is 373-393 K, at screw rotational velocity of 1-2 s-1 and pressure in zone of extruder upstream of die of 6-10 MPa.

EFFECT: wider range of extruded products, provision for obtaining of combined high-quality extruded food products with balanced composition.

4 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, production of flavor additives for preparing of foods.

SUBSTANCE: additive contains fat-based enclosure, with fat being solid at room temperature, and flowing or pasty flavor additive filler. Enclosure has fat content of 40-100% and includes up to 60% of polysaccharides and/or proteins, and/or fibers and/or salts. Filler/enclosure ratio in ready product is within the range of from 70/30 to 10/90. Method involves the following steps: heating enclosure material to thereby obtain product to be pumped out, with viscosity of said product being greater than or equal to viscosity of filler; providing joint extrusion of filler and enclosure material into mold in order to encapsulate filler within enclosure material. Method allows food additive to be produced, which is solid substance at room temperature and which is quickly melted upon contacting with hot food or hot surface.

EFFECT: simplified method and improved quality of flavor additive and food prepared with the use of said flavor additive.

10 cl, 3 ex

Press-extruder // 2263578

FIELD: food-processing industry; equipment for processing agricultural products by an extrusion.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to equipment for processing agricultural products by an extrusion and may be used in the food-processing industry. The press-extruder contains a body of the main drive unit with a loading bin and a feeding mechanism, a composite feed screw and the cylindrical body of the feed screw consisting of detachable units. In the place of joint of the detachable components of the body of the feed screw there are the ring-type grooves used for the rigid fixation in them the rings with the internal slots directed at an angle to the axis of the ring. In the place of joint of components of the feed screw behind the ring rigidly fixed in the body, there is additionally a ring fixed on the shaft of the feed screw and having the exterior grooves directed at an angle to the shaft of the feed screw. The invention allows to reduce a backflow of the extruded material and to boost a degree of its comminution.

EFFECT: the invention allows to reduce a backflow of the extruded material and to boost a degree of its comminution.

2 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: extruder comprises housing with the charging hopper, drive, screw, and molding device. The hollow of the screw passage of the screw receives the plate throughout the zones of charging and mixing. The central section of the plate in the mixing zone is provided with nozzles. The space defined by the plate and hollow of the screw is in communication with the pipeline for supplying liquid fraction through the diametric passage made in the screw shaft. The pipeline for supplying liquid fraction is set in the bearing unit of the extruder screw.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of the finished product and reduced labor consumption.

2 dwg

FIELD: food-concentrates industry, in particular, manufacture of extruded groats-based products.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing pea grains with protein food additives and extruding resultant mixture. Pea grains are preliminarily ground to particle sizes of from 0.32 mm to 0.63 mm and mixed with crude animal protein material used in an amount of 3-5% by weight of pea grains. Method further involves moistening resultant mixture to moisture content of 14-17% and processing moistened mixture on extruder, with temperature of product before it is fed to die constituting 453.3-458.3°K and pressure in extruder zone upstream from die being 6.0-6.5 MPa.

EFFECT: increased nutritive value and wider range of combined extruded food products.

5 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: baking industry, in particular, manufacture of extruded bakery products.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing crumbs of hard and deformed bread with food additives; moistening and extruding resultant mixture. Bread crumbs with particle sizes of 2 mm are mixed with beet pulp-based powdered semi-finished product used in an amount of 3-5% by weight of crumbs produced from hard and deformed bread. Method further involves moistening resultant mixture until moisture content is 12-15%; processing said mixture on single-screw extruder, with temperature of product when the latter approaches die is 433-453°K, angular rotational velocity of screw is 4.95-6.28 s-1 and pressure in zone of extruder near die is 6-7 MPa.

EFFECT: increased nutritive value of combined extruded food product.

1 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: food processing industry, cellulose food casings, in particular pigmented tubular cellulose casings and method for production thereof.

SUBSTANCE: according to the present method pigment based on perylene tetracarboxylic acid in combination with at least one additional pigment are introduced in viscose before extrusion through nozzle to produce casing. Obtained casing after filling with foodstuff appears as natural smoked product with redwood color. Additional pigment is selected from group containing β-phthalocyanine, diazo and monoazo pigments. Pigmented cellulose casing includes 0.4-4 mass %, preferably 1-2 mass % of perylene tetracarboxylic acid.

EFFECT: pigmented cellulose casing which doesn't discolor under microorganism action in vacuum package.

7 cl, 3 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: cellulose-based sleeved casing for food products.

SUBSTANCE: corrugated sleeved casing is manufactured by method including preparing cellulose solution with the use of solvent such as N-methyl-morpholine-N-oxide. Corrugated sleeved casing is especially stable and is therefore suitable for fully automatic stuffing apparatuses of the type employed for producing of sausages cooked in water or bouillon.

EFFECT: improved strength and provision for using such casing in fully automatic food processing systems.

12 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: packaging materials.

SUBSTANCE: sleeve-like shell is composed of inner layer A, central layer E and outer layer G. Inner layer A tightly fits the contents and mainly consists of aliphatic polyamide or copolyamide and/or polyamide or copolyamide including aromatic links. Central layer E is mainly formed of aliphatic polyamide or copolyamide and/or polyamide or copolyamide including aromatic links. Outer layer G is also formed of aliphatic polyamide or copolyamide and/or polyamide or copolyamide including aromatic links. Located between inner layer A and central layer E is polyolefin intermediate layer C preventing water vapors from penetrating through the layer. Connected with layer A is adhesive layer B. Layer E is coated with adhesive layer D. Oxygen-barrier intermediate layer F is located between outer layer G and central layer E.

EFFECT: increased impenetrability for water vapor and oxygen, increased shelf life of products packed in above shell.

11 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, machines for producing artificial protein casing, more particular, construction of forming head.

SUBSTANCE: head has housing with branch pipe provided with bushing. Immovable shaft with longitudinal opening for supplying of compressed air is incorporated inside housing. Immovable shaft carries sleeve arranged so as to define collagen mass slot relative to branch pipe bushing, and rotary sleeve connected with ring, on which conical roller bearings and spiral gear are disposed. Head has collagen mass supplying system connected with housing mid portion, and cooling system. Head is equipped with movable and immovable end water and mass tight gaskets respectively positioned in mid portion of housing, and water-tight gaskets arranged in its rear portion. Helical grooves of 0.8-0.9 mm depth and thread angle of 60±2 deg are formed on rotary sleeve.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and provision for producing of required amounts of products owing to complete collecting of collagen mass for forming of casing and elimination of carrying away of said mass with water.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: film for food packing.

SUBSTANCE: claimed tubular film contains at least three polyamide layers, wherein each layer consists mixture of (mass parts) polyamide 6 70-77; polycaprolactam-hexamethylenediamine-adipic acid copolymer 5-11; amorphous resin 20-25; aromatic polyamide containing hexamethylene diamine and terephthalic acid units in molecule 3-8; and mixture of acid modified copolymers 0.3-5.

EFFECT: film of improved barrier properties, moldability, abrasive and oil resistance.

3 cl

The invention relates to a polymer composition for the extrusion of water-insoluble food packaging film, capable of transmitting water vapor and smoke matter smoke
The invention relates to the meat industry, in particular the production of meat and vegetable canned food for animals
The invention relates to casings for sausages and method of their manufacture

The invention relates to edible molding product in the form of a flat or tubular film based on plastificated biopolymers, products of their decomposition or derivatives and/or synthetic polymers from natural monomers, i.e

The invention relates to portsionirovaniem individual sausages in a flexible tubular sheath
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