Device for expert estimation of extreme situations in remote education system

FIELD: computers.

SUBSTANCE: device has decoder, registers, AND groups elements, delay elements, memory blocks, counter, trigger, signs input block, comparators.

EFFECT: higher productiveness.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to computer technology, in particular, to devices for expert assessment of extreme situations used in distance learning systems, and can be used for decision making in the management of complex systems.

The known device that could be used to solve the task [1, 2].

The first known device contains a computer unit connected to the input of the functional characteristics and logical processing, the outputs of which are connected to the memory unit, the display unit connected to the computing unit and to the unit of decision making [1].

A significant disadvantage of this device is its limited functionality due to the fact that the description of input situations is possible only in space for a limited number of signs.

Known and other device containing memory blocks, Comparators, counters, registers, triggers, groups of items AND, OR, elements of the delay [2].

The last of the above technical solutions closest to being described.

Its disadvantage is the limited performance due to the loss of time spent on detecting and correcting errors in the description of input situations in the functional space when Nakov. The latter circumstance is due to the fact that the constructive implementation of this device does not provide for its use as a client of the workplace in the distance learning system and all frames input situations must be read from the external storage device.

The purpose of the invention is increased productivity by reducing time spent on detection and correction of errors.

This objective is achieved in that the device containing the first register, the information input of which is the first information input device, and the clock input of the first synchronizing input of the second register, the information input of which is the second information input device, and the clock input of the second synchronizing input of the first memory block, the output of which is the first information output device, the input block signs, signal input is a signal input device, a control input connected to a single trigger output, the information inputs of the block group are a group of information inputs of the device, the first comparator, some information inputs which is connected to the information output unit of the input signs and other informational inputs connected to the outputs t is Atego register, and the clock input is connected to the clock output unit input characteristics of the first delay element, the input of which is connected to the second clock input devices, and output connected to the input of the second delay element, the output of which is connected to a single input trigger, the third delay element, the input of which is connected to the clock output unit input characteristics, and the output is connected to one inputs of the first and second elements And other inputs which are connected to the direct and inverted outputs of the first comparator, respectively, the second comparator, the information input of which is connected to the outputs of the first register and the counter, a direct output connected to one input the third element And another input connected to the output of the fourth delay element, the second memory block, item, OR, the first and second groups of elements And introduced the decoder, the input connected to the output of the second register, and the outputs of the decoder are connected to one inputs of the respective elements And the first group, the other input of which is connected to the output of the first delay elements, and outputs connected to respective inputs of the reading of the second memory block, the output of which is connected to the information input of the third register, the clock input of which is connected to the output of the second delay element, and in the passages of the third register connected to one of the inputs of the respective elements And the second group, other inputs are connected to the output of the second element, And outputs the second information output device, the output of the third element And connected with the installation of the inputs of the first register and the counter, the counting input of which is connected to the output of the first delay element, the address input of the first memory block is connected to the output of the second register and the input reading is connected to the output of the second delay element, the input element OR connected to the outputs of the first and second elements, And an output connected to the input of the fourth delay element, to the clock input of the second comparator and to the installation inputs of the second register, the trigger unit input characteristics while the output of the input block signs is the third information output device, the output of the second element And is a signal output device, and the inverted output of the second comparator and the output of the third element And are synchronizing outputs of the device.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows the block diagram of the device, figure 2 shows an example of a specific structural embodiment of the block of input features.

The device (1) contains the first 1, second 2 memory blocks, the first 3 and second 4 Comparators, block 5 input characteristics, a counter 6, 7, 8 and the second 9 third registers, the decoder 10, p is pout 11, 12, 13 and 14 second group of elements, And the first 15, second 16 and 17 third elements, the first 18, 19 second, third 20 and fourth 21 elements of the delay element 22 OR the trigger 23.

Block 5 input characteristics (figure 2) contains the register 24, triggers 25-27, elements 28-31 And delay element 32.

Figure 1 also shows the first 33 and second 34 information input device, the first 35 and second 36 clock inputs of the device Manager 37 input device, group 38, 39, 40 information input device, and the first 41, second 42, 43 third information output device, the signal 44 and the clock 45, 46 outputs.

Figure 2 also shows the installation 47 and 48 managing unit and information 49 and clock 50, the outputs of the block.

All nodes and elements of the device are made on the standard of potentially switching elements.

The device operates as follows.

As in the known device, a workplace expert consists of a terminal having a screen for displaying frames containing graphical representations (models) of extreme situations, and the keyboard is divided into standard (keyboard, personal computer) and functional, which is a set of key shapers to work with the expert system [2].

On the display screen of the workplace expert sequentially before Vlada frames, contains graphical representations (models) of the extremely difficult situation. However, unlike the prototype of the described device operates in the e-learning system in client - server and task frames sequentially read not with external memorable device, and designed for the purpose of operative memory block client workplace expert.

Before beginning the next cycle of operation of the server in the register 7 is written the number of frames that must be presented for peer review. For this purpose, the inlet 34, the server returns the code number of frames, the synchronization server at the input 36, entered in the register 7.

To increase the response from the server to the input 33 of the client's workplace is supplied to only the code frame number for the graphic image, which is recorded in the register 8 synchronizing signal server at the input 35. For convenience, the code frame number is its address in the memory block 1 and from the output of the register 8 is supplied to the address input of the memory block.

In addition, the code frame number decoded by the decoder 10 and on one of its outputs is formed a high potential, opening one of the corresponding elements 11-13 And. in Parallel, the clock signal server log 35 detention is foreseen element 18 delay (at the time of operation of the decoder 10 and installing code on the address input unit 1 and from the output of the delay element 18 is received first, at the counting input of the counter 6, counting the number shown to the expert personnel.

Secondly, this same pulse, having an open second input of one of the elements 11-13 And is fed to the input of the read fixed a memory cell block 2 made in the form of a persistent storage device. In the fixed cell of the memory block is stored the “standard ” code set of functional characteristics, which describes the image of an extreme situation, the required expert in this frame. The contents of the fixed cells of the memory unit 2 is read at the input of the register 9, where it is recorded synchronizing pulse received from the output of the delay element 19 to the clock input of the register 9.

In addition, the pulse from the output of the delay element 19 is fed to the input of the read block 1 of the memory, thereby reading graphic extreme situation through the exit 31 on the display screen.

Thus, the expert is presented with a graphic image of the extremely difficult situation for peer review.

Simultaneously, the clock pulse from the output of the delay element 19 is fed to a single input trigger 23, setting it in one state. The trigger 23 generates an enable potential at the input 47 of the block 5 input characteristics and thereby opens to one input of the ways 28-31 And allowing the expert to start describing the input situation in the space of the functional characteristics.

Assessing presented a graphic expert in any order presses the function key, which, in his opinion, adequately describe the input situation. As a result, through the appropriate inputs and items 38-40 29-31 And on the individual inputs of the respective triggers 25-27 will receive impulses from those function keys that the expert has chosen in the evaluation process the input situation. High potentials corresponding triggers 25-27 act on the information inputs of the respective bits of the register 24.

After the description of the input situation of this frame in the space of features is complete, expert, as in the known device, press “Ready” and to the control input 37 signal readiness expert assessment, which, passing through the element 28 And is fed to the clock input of the register 24 and records the readings of the respective triggers 25-27 in the register 24.

From the output of the register 24 (exit 49 unit 5) description input situation, performed by the expert, is fed to one input of the comparator 3, the other input of which receives the “standard” description of the same frame with output register 9. The comparator 3 compares the codes of the registers 24 and 9 and sync, the post is speaking from the output element 32 delay through the output 50 of the block 5, is issued or the signal comparison codes to the element 15 And, if the codes match, or signal element 16 And inverted output if the codes do not match.

If the coincidence of the codes has not occurred, then the clock pulse from the output of the delay element 20, delaying the clock pulse from the output element 46 delays the response time of the comparator 3 through the element 16 And, first of all, unlike the prototype, on the display screen immediately issued the “correct” evaluation of the presented situation. For this purpose, the pulse from the output element 16 And is supplied to one inputs of elements And group 14 and rewrites the contents of register 9 through the outlet 42 to the input of the display client workspace.

In the expert gets the opportunity for one cycle of work presented to compare the situation with private and benchmark assessments, without spending a great time searching for your own mistakes, as was done in the prototype.

Secondly, this same pulse through the element 22 OR arrives at the installation log 48 unit 5, dropping triggers 25-27 and register 24 in the initial state, on the installation log trigger 23, which, returning to its original state, removes the enabling potential from the input 47 of the block 5, thereby blocking the ability of new symptoms or changes in these estimates and installation input register 8.

Third, this same pulse enters the and the output device 44 and further on the server logged in as “error”signal, at which the server polls the contents of register 24 unit 5 through the outlet 43.

And finally, fourthly, this pulse passes to the sync input of the comparator 4, the information inputs which are served code given number of frames from the outputs of the register 7 and the code number of frames presented to the expert. If the number of frames presented to the expert, is less than the specified, then the inverse of the output of the comparator 4 is formed by a signal from the output 45 is fed to the input of the server as signal readiness to receive the code of the next frame.

If the comparator 3 has recorded the fact of comparing codes of registers 9 and 24, the high potential open item 15 OR through which the clock pulse from the output of the delay element 20 is held at one of the inputs of the element 22 or continue on the installation of the inputs of the register 8, the trigger 23 and the block 5. In addition, he also fed to the clock input of the comparator 4, the information inputs which are served code given number of frames from the outputs of the register 7 and the code number of frames presented to the expert.

If the number of frames presented to the expert, is less than the specified, then the inverse of the output of the comparator 4 is formed by a signal from the output 45 is fed to the input of the server as signal readiness to receive the code of the next frame.

If the same comparator 4 will record the equality codes of the counter 6 and case 7, then to direct the output of the comparator will appear high potential, which one input is opened, the element 17 And on the other input of which receives the clock pulse from the output of the delay element 21, delaying the pulse from the output element 22 or the response time of the comparator 4. The clock pulse passes the element 17 and arrives at the output 46 as a signal to the server on completion of the evaluator's input situations, and installation inputs of the counter 6 and case 7, returning to their original state.

Thus, unlike the prototype, the process procedure of expert evaluation of each of the frames of the expert immediately receives an indication of the mistakes that were made during the evaluation of the input situation, without spending extra time to find and fix that significantly increases the performance of his work.

Sources of information taken into account

1. Published Japan's bid No. 60-19540, CL G 06 F 15/16, 1985.

2. The description of the author's certificate No. 1550528 class. G 06 F 15/20, 15/40, 1990 (prototype).

Device for expert assessment of extreme situations in the distance learning system, containing the first register, the information input of which is the first information input device, and the clock input, the first clock input device is Ista, the second register, the information input of which is the second information input device, and the clock input of the second synchronizing input of the first memory block, the output of which is the first information output device, the input block signs, signal input is a signal input device, a control input connected to a single trigger output, the information inputs of the block group are a group of information inputs of the device, the first comparator, some information the input of which is connected with the information output unit of the input signs and other informational inputs connected to the outputs of the third register, and the clock input is connected to the clock output unit input characteristics, the first element delay, an input connected to the second clock input devices, and output connected to the input of the second delay element, the output of which is connected to a single input trigger, the third delay element, the input of which is connected to the clock output unit input characteristics, and the output is connected to one inputs of the first and second elements And other inputs which are connected to the direct and inverted outputs of the first comparator, respectively, the second comparator, the information input of which is connected to the outputs of the first registration of the a and the counter, direct output connected to one input of the third element And another input connected to the output of the fourth delay element, the second memory block, item, OR, the first and second groups of elements, And characterized in that it comprises a decoder, an input connected to the output of the second register, and the outputs of the decoder are connected to one inputs of the respective elements And the first group, the other input of which is connected to the output of the first delay elements, and outputs connected to respective inputs of the reading of the second memory block, the output of which is connected to the information input of the third register, the clock input of which is connected to the output of the second delay elements, and outputs the third register is connected to one inputs of the respective elements And the second group, the other inputs of which are connected to the output of the second element, And outputs the second information output device, the output of the third element And connected with the installation of the inputs of the first register and the counter, the counting input of which is connected to the output of the first delay element, the address input of the first memory block is connected to the output of the second register and the input reading is connected to the output of the second delay element, the input element OR connected to the outputs of the first and second elements, And an output connected to the input of the fourth elem the NTA delay, to the clock input of the second comparator and to the installation inputs of the second register, trigger and block input indication information output unit input characteristics is the third information output device, the output of the second element And is a signal output device, and the inverted output of the second comparator and the output of the third element And are synchronizing outputs of the device.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves collecting information and storing it in single database or several databases representing parameter values of significance to enable one to carry out the procedures on his/her own, and operations for processing the mentioned single database or several databases to show alternative variants for making selection among two or more actions and values corresponding to each of two or more actions. Device has means for making calculations, required for implementing the method, and computer system and machine-readable carrier having program written on it and capable of implementing the method corresponding to the invention, on computer.

EFFECT: wider range of means accessible to end user.

69 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl

The invention relates to control devices (control panels) to be used as peripheral equipment for entertainment, in particular to a control device of a video game apparatus

The invention relates to a device, method and information processing system, terminal and method of reception data and the system broadcast data to send and receive data

The invention relates to a means of solving problems of navigation, control and guidance of moving non-rigid objects

The invention relates to a means of solving problems of navigation, control and guidance of a multifunction aircraft

The invention relates to a television technique, and it is applied to television systems used by the armed forces

The invention relates to medical equipment, namely, devices, equipment and systems for diagnosis and therapy, and can be used in clinics, medical hospitals, therapy centers, as well as in scientific and medical research, biochemical, pharmaceutical and pharmaceutical production units as diagnostic devices, relying on the characteristics of Radiotechnika, for example, the presence of active components in time in therapeutic vehicles in which it is necessary to control the composition of ingredients and so on

The invention relates to the protection of various objects against counterfeit and substandard production

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves collecting information and storing it in single database or several databases representing parameter values of significance to enable one to carry out the procedures on his/her own, and operations for processing the mentioned single database or several databases to show alternative variants for making selection among two or more actions and values corresponding to each of two or more actions. Device has means for making calculations, required for implementing the method, and computer system and machine-readable carrier having program written on it and capable of implementing the method corresponding to the invention, on computer.

EFFECT: wider range of means accessible to end user.

69 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: computers.

SUBSTANCE: device has decoder, registers, AND groups elements, delay elements, memory blocks, counter, trigger, signs input block, comparators.

EFFECT: higher productiveness.

2 dwg

FIELD: advertisement.

SUBSTANCE: method includes, before transfer of combined video and audio signal from remote center to multiple control servers, selection of blocks of video and audio information about goods, in remote center, which goods are present in trading location, where appropriate control server is positioned, and playback is performed continuously on each display by means of respective controls server, at least portion of selected blocks of video and audio information about advertised goods is played, which are appropriate for goods present in trading location, wherein appropriate controlling server is located and matching display, after that analysis of blocks of video and audio information indicated on displays, is performed, and report information is formed.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: computers.

SUBSTANCE: device has registers, comparators, signs input block, counters, adder, decoder, memory block, means for determining support test address, triggers, AND elements, groups of AND elements, OR elements, delay elements.

EFFECT: higher precision.

4 dwg

FIELD: biochemistry, proteins, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a computer method for identifying peptides that can be used as targets for medicinal agents. Method involves creating peptides library from protein sequences of different organisms and the following comparison is carried out for identification of retained conservative peptide motifs that are identified by the direct comparison of sequences for different microorganisms and host genomes being without any suggestions. Method is useful for identifying possible targets for medicinal agents and can be used for screening antibacterial medicinal agents of broad spectrum. Also, method can be used for carrying out the specific diagnosis of infections and, in addition, for conferring functions to proteins with unknown functions using indices of invariant peptide motifs. The advantage of invention involves accelerating method for identification of peptide motifs.

EFFECT: improved method for identifying peptide motifs.

11 cl, 4 dwg, 8 ex

FIELD: devices for processing data with copyrights.

SUBSTANCE: device for processing data, realizing a method for processing of data with copyrights within limits of given rights, contains memory device for distributed data, means for recording data concerning rights and data, means for converting data, means for realization of processing method.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 cl, 60 dwg

FIELD: aircraft instrumentation engineering; manned flying vehicle information representation systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device is provided with computer module, memory module and graphical module and is designed for dynamic forming of sequence of cartographic mimic frames and their animation demonstration on displays of onboard multi-functional indicators. Device employs cartographic data kept in memory and present flight data. Actual navigational information pertaining to present moment may be obtained by personnel in graphical form at high level of clearness and readability, which is achieved due to realization of definite modes and conditions of flight and conditions of several modes of flight of synthesis of cartographic mimic frames which differ in criterion of selected representations, methods of representation, cartographic projections and rules of positioning, orientation and scaling-up of cartographic representations. Mode of synthesis of cartographic mimic frames is selected automatically according to results of identification of present stage, mode and conditions of flight or at the discretion of personnel.

EFFECT: possibility of keeping the personnel informed on flight conditions at all phases of flight.

5 cl, 2 dwg

Control device // 2251732

FIELD: gaming equipment, controllers.

SUBSTANCE: device has detector elements, which in dependence on force, applied to pressed control elements generate analog signals, while said signals of detector elements are separated by level divider on separate ranges and transformed by analog-digital converter into multi-bit digital signals, also device allows to concurrently receive at output one-bit digital signals, appropriate for changes of output analog signals of detector element. By using switching means, it is possible to send one or other multi-bit digital signal to output, or one-bit digital signals.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 83 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: selected reference point in every cardiac cycle on TP-segment. Values of neighboring N=2n+1 reference points also belonging to TP-segment are recorded, n=1,2,…, beginning from the first reference point. Other reference points are set to zero. The central reference point value is left without changes in a group of 2n+1 member. Reference point values of each of n pairs of reference points symmetrically arranged relative to the central reference point are scaled relative to condition Uj=U0Kj, where U0 is the central reference point amplitude, Uj is amplitude of j-th reference point pair, j=1,2,…,n is the number of each reference point pair relative to the central reference point, Kj is the scaling coefficients determined from received signal suppression condition of the first n spectral zones in spectrum. The so formed electrocardiogram signal reference point groups sequence is let pass through lower frequency filter with isoline drift signal being obtained being produced on output. The signal is amplified and subtracted from the initial electrocardiogram signal that is preliminarily delayed for lower frequency filter delay time. Device has the first lower frequency filter, discretization unit and unit for selecting anchor reference points connected in series, as well as subtraction unit, unit for saving N reference points, scaling unit, the second lower frequency filter, amplifier and delay unit. Output of the unit for selecting anchor reference points is connected to the first input of memory unit the second input of which is connected to discretization unit output. Each of N memory unit outputs is connected to one of N inputs of scaling units. Scaling unit output is connected to the second lower frequency filter input which output is connected to amplifier input. Amplifier output is connected to the first input of subtraction unit, the second output of subtraction unit is connected to delay unit output. Its input is connected to output of the first lower frequency filter. Subtraction unit output is the device output.

EFFECT: reliable removal of isoline drift.

2 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: computer science.

SUBSTANCE: device has main processor, auxiliary processor, main module body, display, while auxiliary processor is made with possible receiving in parallel format of controlled data from multiple sensors and outputting signals in serial format to main processor.

EFFECT: computer can possibly receive signals from large set of sensors without increase of contacts amount on main module body.

3 cl, 12 dwg

Up!