Heating and ranges and ventilating (F24)

F24            Heating; ranges; ventilating(11223)

Internal unit of air-conditioner of ceiling type // 2642773
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: proposed indoor unit air conditioner ceiling type, containing: the main body, having the inlet port and outlet located in its lower part; heat exchanger; blower and control unit containing the casing, located inside and attached to the main body and lid attached circuit board and a swivel is connected to the casing so that the lid has the ability to rotate between open and closed, and the space inside the main building, allowing for rotation of the lid in the open position it inside the main body so that when this casing remains attached to the main hull with access to printed circuit board attached to the casing.EFFECT: easy access to the control unit for easy wiring and repair work.15 cl, 8 dwg
Internal air conditioner unit // 2642771
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner comprises: a main body which includes a suction port and an outlet; a heat exchanger that cools the indoor air of a room sucked through a suction port; a cross flow fan that sucks the indoor air of the room through the suction port, and also allows the cold-air cooled by the heat exchanger to be discharged to the room through the outlet; an airflow direction adjusting unit configured to control the directions of the air flow discharged through the outlet, a drainage tray assembly that is located under the heat exchanger for collecting water condensate formed by the heat exchanger; and a flap that is pivotally connected to the drainage tray assembly to open the outlet and whose pivot axis is formed at the top of outlet. The drainage tray assembly includes: a stabiliser unit that directs the cold air after heat exchange in the heat exchanger towards the outlet without backflow and comprises a part that has a surface facing the collection part, and an opposite surface facing air flow direction control unit; a receiving space for receiving a part of the flap formed therein when the flap f is at least partially opened by rotating the rotary axis; a guide that protrudes forward from the stabiliser unit and is located between the receiving space and the suction port to obstruct the cold air outlet through the gap between the flap and the stabiliser unit in a state where the flap is at least partially opened and the wall that extends with a rounding from the stabiliser unit surface for separating the receiving space of the drainage tray assembly from the collecting part of the drainage tray assembly.EFFECT: preventing the formation of dew at the top of the outlet.9 cl 7 dwg

ethod of regulation of heat relief for heating buildings and regulation system on its basis (versions) // 2642038
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: method for regulation of heating of building, characterized by flow of coolant in the heating system and its regulation by automated control unit by opening and closing control valve(s) and/or a change in the pressure characteristics of the installed pump(s), through its regulator(s), and/or a change in the number of operating pumps in the unit of coolant preparation, characterized in that an automated heating control unit adjusts the temperature of supplied and/or the reverse heat coolant and/or its flow rate according to the equation of heating control, expressed by the formula , where τco1(2)≡τc3(2) - determined by the sensors of coolant temperature, sign "±" in the formula should be used as "+" for supplied coolant and as "-" for reverse coolant; Gco is coolant flow determined by the sensor or otherwise; , tn is supported by regulation, specified average temperature of inside air in the building and the current outdoor temperature, respectively; as well as set or defined in the design or in energy audit of the building and its heating system or otherwise values: θ', Δt', , are parameters of calculated (designed) mode of operation of the heating system: cooling of the coolant, temperature difference, heat capacity and theoretical heating heat load, respectively; and n, p, kco fco are characteristics of heating devices and heating system: the indicators of the degree of nonlinearity of heat transfer from the temperature difference and flow rate, the relative heat transfer and the relative areas of the system coefficients, respectively; qo, VN, a are characteristics of the building: specific heating characteristic that depends on its thermal protection, the building volume, correction factor, respectively; and, besides, the determined or calculated based on sensor signals and/or manual and/or software tasks or otherwise values, characterizing heating mode: is current average heat capacity of the coolant; Qhi - capacity of internal heat generation; μ, Qins are external environment parameters: the coefficient of infiltration and the thermal capacity of solar insolation.EFFECT: reducing the cost of thermal and hydraulic energy for heating and improving the quality of heating process, the accuracy of maintaining a constant temperature of internal air.8 cl, 10 dwg

Water-gas unit // 2641999
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: water-gas unit contains a membrane-valve mechanism for stabilizing a preselected water supply and a spring-loaded valve for gas supply with the drive from a membrane of the membrane-valve mechanism. The drive of the gas supply valve is carried out by the membrane through the magnetic field of two magnets oriented with respect to each other with the same poles located on both sides of the non-magnetic partition separating the gas and water cavities of the unit, one of the magnets is mechanically connected to the membrane and the other to the gas supply valve.EFFECT: increase the reliability of the device and the accuracy of the water supply regulation.1 dwg

Heat supply system // 2641880
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat supply system includes the hot water boiler with the main flue with the sliding gate and attached to it the bypass flue with sliding gate on the inlet and outlet, which has consistently attached to return heat system pipeline, condensing the heat exchanger with the input and output pipes and the water economizer fitted with interconnected irrigating ditch and tray. At that the heat pump is installed on the return pipeline, connected to the heat system boiler, the evaporator and condenser of which are connected to the inlet and outlet pipes of the condensing heat exchanger, respectively. And the low-temperature heat system circuits with floor heat panels are additionally connected to the return pipeline of the heat system according to the dependent scheme.EFFECT: return heat system water temperature reduction, entering the condensing heat exchanger, which provides useful utilisation of the large amount of heat due to the water vapor condensation.1 dwg

Device of heat accumulation and method of its operation // 2641871
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: device (100) of heat accumulation includes the first tank (10), the second tank (20), which is located above the first tank (10), two-position valve (30) and heat accumulating solution (40), which is placed in the first water tank (10) and the second tank (20). Heat accumulating solution (40) can absorb heat and be divided into first liquid and second liquid, having a lower density than the first liquid, when the lower critical temperature of solution or above it. The first liquid and the second liquid are capable of releasing heat when mixed with each other at a lower critical temperature of the solution. When the heat accumulting solution (40) is separated into the first liquid and the second liquid, the first liquid is placed in the first tank (10), and the second liquid is placed in the second tank (20).EFFECT: invention allows the use latent heat accumulation device and a chemical reaction heat accumulation device.7 cl, 1 tbl, 8 dwg

Caloric engine unit heating system // 2641775
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: system consists of the waste heat exchanger of the exhaust gas heat, the closed loop of the intermediate coolant - the low-boiling liquid, the heat-storing unit, including the heat-storing material, subjected to the reversible melting-crystallization phase transition, the intermediate coolant tube heat exchanger, located between the existing vertical tubes, permeating through the heat-storing unit. The latter is located under the caloric engine unit elements, requiring the heating at negative outside air temperatures - the electric battery, the container with oil and others. The expansion container is connected to the intermediate coolant closed system, and the intermediate coolant evaporator contains the displacement piston in the form of the balls. The heat emission from the heat-storing material of the heat-storing unit is carried out by the natural air convection as it passes through the vertical tubes. The heat storing is provided by passing the caloric engine exhaust gas stream through the waste heat exchanger during the unit operation. The self-adjusting is provided by the presence of the free air volume in the closed expansion container and it is carried out at the heat storing by the displacement of the hot coolant into this container. This self-adjusting heating system is the most effective for unattended units with periodic start caloric engines.EFFECT: self-adjusting recycling and storing of the caloric engine unit exhaust gases heat energy, the stored heat transfer to the unit elements required heating.5 cl, 3 dwg
Food preparation device // 2641580
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: food preparation device contains frame, legs connected together, tray and skewers. In this case, the frame is made as two-tier frame, with the possibility of the fixed installation along its lower perimeter of the tray, and along the upper perimeter of the movably mounted skewers. The upper and lower tiers are rigidly connected by the vertical rods protruding from the bottom out the frame level. At that the two-tier frame, legs and skewers are made of metal, and the tray is made of aluminium foil. At that the two-tier frame, legs and skewers are made of stainless steel. At that the tray is made of the aluminium foil with the thickness of 70 microns. At that the two-tier frame and the tray are rectangular. At that the two-tier frame and the tray are round. At that the tray is made disposable. At that the fixed installation along the perimeter of the aluminium tray two-tier frame is achieved due to the L-shaped rim edge made along the tray edge. At that the legs are made as folding. At that the legs are made from vertical and horizontal bars joined together. The upper pair of horizontal bars serves as the additional support for the tray. At that the legs are made removable, installed by the loops on the vertical bars, finishing at the bottom by L-shaped protuberance. At that the legs are made at obtuse angle with respect to the two-tier frame. At that the legs in the upper part are rest against the vertical bars, protruding from below, finishing by L-shaped protuberance.EFFECT: device improvement.13 cl, 3 dwg

Climate control unit // 2641503
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: climate control unit includes receptors of outside air, fresh air tract with consistently established unit of the indirect evaporative cooling using a part of direct flow for cooling, and freon surface air cooler and air cooled condenser, including in unit of indirect-evaporation cooling the air tract of auxiliary flow, the adiabatic humidifier, air-to-air heat exchanger, air damper, drip tray, the water treatment system and using the vapor compression refrigerating machine with air cooled condenser as a cold source for freon air cooler. In this case, the air-cooled condenser of the vapor compression refrigerating machine is blown with air from the environment, and an adiabatic humidifier and an air valve are installed in the auxiliary air inlet into the heat exchanger for indirect evaporative cooling.EFFECT: increase the energy efficiency of the climate control unit.2 dwg

Air conditioner with two-rotor system of drying and evaporation cooling // 2641496
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner contains a supply chamber and an exhaust chamber of air removed from the room, separated by a horizontal partition with main and additional windows, a supply air cooler made in the form of a drying and evaporative cooling system consisting of two recuperators - an adsorption rotary regenerator and a rotary recuperator-heat exchanger built into the windows of the horizontal partition and having oppositely directed inflow and outflow lines, and two adiabatic humidifiers for supply and exhaust air with individual supply water pipes, one of which is located in the inflow line, and the other in the exhaust line. At that, the rotary recuperator-heat exchanger is equipped with an inverter with a controller. The supply and exhaust chambers contain inlet and outlet nozzles, air cleaners installed at the entrances to the supply and exhaust chambers, and fan units. At that, the main window in the horizontal partition is located at the inlet of the fresh air into the drying and evaporative cooling system. The air conditioner is equipped with an additional exhaust chamber, which is located above the horizontal partition and is separated from the main exhaust chamber by a vertical transverse partition sealed between the rotary recuperators, contains inlet and outlet nozzles, an air cleaner and a fan unit and has an additional hot air exhaust line obtained with the use of exhaust smoke gases, directed opposite to the inflow line. The rotary recuperator-heat exchanger is built into the main window of the horizontal partition, and the adsorption rotary recuperator is in its additional window.EFFECT: provided zero energy consumption for supplied air cooling and heating.2 tbl, 2 dwg

Central thermal item of closed heat supply system // 2641489
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in central heating points (CHP) of a closed heat supply system, transferred to a reduced temperature schedule, for the preparation of hot water. Summary of the invention consists in that the CHP contains parallel connected by heated media heaters for the first and second level, connected to the thermal network by heating media, cold water pipeline, hot water pipeline, hot water circulation pipeline, circulation pump, mixing chamber and accumulator tank, while the second level heater output and the first level heater output are connected to the hot water circulation pipeline for intensification of heat exchange in heaters. The mixing chamber is connected to the cold-water pipeline, the input of the first level heater and to the hot water circulation pipeline. The accumulator tank is also connected to the hot water circulation pipeline and installed in front of the circulation pump in the direction of water flow.EFFECT: improving the quality and reliability of hot water supply when transferring central heat points to a reduced temperature schedule, while maintaining the main equipment unchanged.1 dwg

ethod for installing geothermal heat exchangers for low-grade heat extraction // 2641439
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: method for installing geothermal heat exchangers for low-grade heat extraction comprises drilling wells using a drill string. Well drilling for the installation of probes is carried out without transferring the drilling rig from one place and at an angle of 20-45 degrees to the horizon. A reinforced concrete ring with a diameter of 1.5 m is installed into the soil, its upper end is buried by 0.3-0.4 m from the surface. A ring area with a width of 0.5 m is arranged at the same level. The bottom of the ring is poured with a concrete blinding. On top of the reinforced concrete ring a well support of the drilling rig is mounted, drilling axis inclination is determined, the drilling rig is mounted on the well support, the concrete ring is used during the drilling process as a sump, and after well completion - as a decompression chamber of the geothermal collector. When the predetermined drilling depth is reached, a replaceable pilot extractor is lowered on the rigid cable to the drill string. After extracting the pilot to the drill string performing the role of a casing pipe, the prepared geothermal probe is lowered, the drill string is screwed with drilling rig rotator and raised by 0.5 m.EFFECT: reduction in the number of operations, in particular, of lifting the drilling rig, casing the wellbore with a casing pipe, excavating an additional pit or a sump for the drilling fluid circulation, transferring the drilling rig to a new drilling site.10 cl, 3 dwg

Electrooptical heating element of hot water boiler // 2641419
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: electrooptical heating element of a hot-water boiler includes a quartz glass tube inside which there is at least one high-temperature electric halogen lamp, creating an irradiation source of infrared glow spectrum. The tube is fixed inside the storage tank of the hot-water boiler and located in its middle part, the capacity of the tube, made of quartz glass, is designed insulated from the liquid heat carrier placed inside the storage tank of the hot-water boiler. The halogen lamp is fixed in the centre of the quartz glass tube, and the terminals of the electric caps of the halogen lamp cartridges are placed outside the hot-water boiler. The storage tank of the hot-water boiler is connected to the heating system of the facility through the inlet and outlet branch pipes.EFFECT: creating a uniform temperature field and reducing energy costs.2 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of producing heat energy in combustion of gas and liquid fuel and device for its implementation // 2641417
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: in the method of producing heat energy in combustion of gas or liquid fuel without changing combustion modes the removal of heat energy is carried out in the zone of maximum temperatures along the length of the flame of the burning fuel in the combustion chamber, for which the device for removal of heat energy is set in it. The device consists of passive or active tunnel blocks, or combinations of them installed in the combustion chamber in the zone of maximum temperatures along the length of the torch of fuel burning and not less than 20 mm between them, and blocks serving for receipt of fresh air in tunnels blocks and ensure fuel reburning, active metal blocks have tunnels, which are washed by the coolant for withdrawing from them heat and passive units consist of assembled in package refractory tubes.EFFECT: increase in the temperature of heating of air passing through the combustion chamber.2 cl, 6 dwg
Ventilation module of bath stove // 2641361
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: stove ventilation module of a channel for supplying outdoor air and exhaust channel that are isolated from each other or adjacent to at least one wall of the stove body and a valve controller. The valve controller includes a rod equipped with two locking elements, one of which is installed in the exhaust channel and the other one is in the channel for supplying outdoor air, and installed for simultaneous opening or closure of both channels by "one hand movement".EFFECT: improved reliability of ventilation modes control, simplified operation modes of the stove, increased efficiency and economy.3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl
Household stove // 2641344
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: household stove is composed of metal blocks without a connecting solution due to the tight abutment of smooth side edges of the metal blocks to each other, which have grooves and protrusions on the adjacent surfaces for rigid monolithic fastening of the whole stove body. The metal blocks are made full-bodied or hollow in the form of boxes filled with sand or clay.EFFECT: long-term room heating after termination of the use of solid fuel due to high heat capacity, durable operability of the stove, possibility of quick laying and shifting into the other kind of stove, as a designer.1 cl

System of exposing goods // 2641247
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a detector (5) configured to detect the presence of a person (8) in the immediate vicinity of the exposure area (2) configured to receive a part of goods (3), a temperature control device (4) configured to control the temperature in the immediate proximity to the exposure area, and a controller (6) configured to detect, control the temperature control device, wherein the arrangement is contained in the exposure system of goods.EFFECT: providing a temperature difference to contribute to how a person perceives a part of goods.14 cl, 2 dwg

Heat recovery unit // 2640898
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: unit contains supply and exhaust fans, a polymer heat exchanger, a recirculation channel with an air damper placed in it, mounted on the hollow shaft. The whole circuit of the damper is equipped with a heating electric cable, which rounding the damper, enters the cavity of the shaft and goes beyond the recirculation channel.EFFECT: increase of reliability of the heat recovery unit, including during operation in conditions of negative temperatures.2 dwg

Heat exchange module and method of its assembly // 2640856
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat exchange module characterized in that it comprises elements forming a heating surface and a heating element having contact with the elements forming the heating surface. Elements that make up the heating surface are made in the form of extruded metal panels that have converted to opposite sides external and internal surfaces and side edges, made from one side in the form of a projection, and from the other side in the form of groove that when docking form a lock for connection of extruded metal panels and formation of heat exchange module. Wherein, at least one edge of the heat exchanger module perpendicular to compounds of extruded metal panels, is incurved, and heating element is laid in respective channels or anchorages, performed on the internal surface of the extruded metal panels forming a heating surface.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of heat exchange and simplifying the process of assembling the heat exchange module.9 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of layout and spatial orientation of photoelectric panels in solar electric station without tracing sun // 2640795
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of placing the solar panels consists of installing the panels in rows with each other so that the rows are placed parallel to each other with long ends, and the planes - perpendicular or with a maximum high angle to the direction of the sunlight in the area, and with a process interval between the rows so that the shadow of the previous row of the solar panels at the optimum height of the sun does not cover the subsequent row, and the process interval inside the rows between the panels are installed not more than 0.1…0.15 L, where L is the length of the solar panel, wherein the panel has a height above the earth's surface, equal to the average increase in staff of 1.6…2 m. The rows of the solar panels are installed in the direction from the North to the South to eliminate the mutual shading of the panels and the planes of the panels have different spatial orientation relative to the direction of the sunlight in this area, which simultaneously with the choice of the number and capacity of the solar panels is selected to ensure a predetermined hourly schedule of the generation on the basis of criteria of the maximum value of the hourly amounts of total solar radiation at time t and the maximum electric energy per day.EFFECT: providing the schedule of the power generation corresponding to load schedule without tracking the sun across the sky.3 dwg

ethod of adjustment of air conditioner blinds // 2640707
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: method in which the blinds are placed near the air outlet of the conditioner and are arranged to control the direction of the blown air, which includes stages: during operation of the air conditioner in cooling mode determine whether the move instruction has been introduced for the mode of blinds hunting or not; if the move instruction is not introduced for the mode of blinds hunting command the set air consumption level is requested, the set ambient temperature T1 and T2 inside the room; define the degree the user's need for cooling according to the air consumption level, set ambient temperature T1 and T2 inside the room and adjust the angle of the air flow direction of the blinds according to the degree of user's needs for cooling, and blinds are made with the possibility of extension in the direction of the blown air from the air outlet and the method additionally includes the following stages: measure the angle of the direction of the air flow of the blinds; compare the measured angle α of the direction of the air flow with the installed angle α' of the direction of the air flow; if a≥a', then the blinds are set in motion so that they protrude outward from the initial position of the stroke X1; if a<a', then the blinds are set in motion so that they protrude outward from the initial position of the stroke X2; where X1<X2.EFFECT: automatic adjustment of the angle of the direction of the air flow of the blinds, depending on the user's need for increasing comfort provided by the air conditioner.12 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of utilisation of solar flow to thermal energy // 2639920
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: technological scheme includes the following blocks: source of luminous flux, luminous flux heat exchanger, scheme control element, consumers of warm water in hotels, the flow of circulating water or antifreeze is supplied in a shell and tube heat exchanger to cool the received RTC flow of hot water or antifreeze, inside the heat exchanger ten copper pipes are installed, water or antifreeze flows in pipes, which are heated by the luminous flux, the technological scheme of using the solar flux in hot water. Luminous flux affects the RTC, in RTC in working condition technical vacuum is created, to maintain it adequate isolation of RTC is required the heat exchanger of the luminous flux for heating water or antifreeze has an elliptical cover of PVC glass and copper pipes containing steel grids that contribute to the turbulence of hydrodynamic flow of heated water or antifreeze and the elimination of stagnant zones, each pipe is surrounded by a glass pipe made of PVC, having an elliptical cross-section, hot water or antifreeze is served from luminous flux heat exchanger to the shell and tube heat exchanger, equipped with a shut-off valve and having rolled pipes for the turbulence.EFFECT: high efficiency of the luminous flux heat exchanger.4 dwg, 1 tbl

Fuel burning rate adjustment method and the oven, where this method is implemented // 2639461
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: oven contains the combustion chamber for placing and igniting the fuel, as well as the chamber for the collection and removal of volatile combustion products, at the top equipped with the pipe for removal of volatile combustion products into the atmosphere, the casing of the combustion chamber is designed as the closed volume, with the process hole in the lateral vertical wall for the air intake and the combustion products exhaust, equipped with the adjusting gate valve, performed with the possibility to change the process hole throat. The combustion chamber is connected through the process hole to the chamber for collecting and removing the volatile combustion products, which has the hole for the air supply in it.EFFECT: simplification of the fuel burning rate adjusting process, increase the safety of use.2 cl, 1 dwg
Autonomous power unit // 2639458
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: unit is provided, containing a tower-type wind turbine with a propeller in the form of a three-bladed rotor with a horizontal axis of rotation, a solar photoelectric panel generator, a diesel generator with a unit for smooth power control, a group of mast vibratory-inducer electric generators for backup unit charging, a vanadium battery of redox cycle elements with containers for anodic and cathodic electrolytes and circulation pumps, or solid oxide fuel cells battery of flow type with a hydrogen electrolyser to methane or hydrogen electrolyser to the metal hydride compounds, pumps for methane, hydrogen and oxygen injection into the receivers, a switch with intelligent source control and network protection against short circuits and overvoltages, a lithium-ion battery, each of the above generators and batteries are used as the main or backup power source for consumers based on actual power generation or accumulation in an amount corresponding to the consumers' needs in power supply.EFFECT: year-round uninterrupted power supply of settlements and towns located in high latitudes.7 cl, 3 dwg

Boiler with forced circulation // 2639438
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: boiler with forced circulation contains combustion chamber, gas duct and heat exchanger, while the chamber is formed by curved finned tubes, arranged parallel to one another and united in collectors, in which partitions with holes are installed.EFFECT: achieving optimum hydraulic circuit of the boiler and its design is simplified and through the use of simple, similar items boiler metal intensity is reduced and reliability and efficiency in work is enhanced compared with the prototype, that provides the ability to create a variety of options of the same type of boilers of different capacity.9 dwg

Continuous burning boiler // 2639406
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: continuous burning boiler is the fireproof, sealed, heat-insulated housing of sufficient size for a person to move in it, with the sealed front door on the front wall. The flame tube 3, fixed relative to the housing walls is located in the lower part of the housing 1, preferably at the equal distance from the side walls. The flame tube 3 has the perforation at its section, located closer to the housing front wall, but at some distance from it, and communicates with the atmosphere through the secondary air blast valve gate 4, located on the housing 1 front wall. The flame tube 3 by its other end is connected to the flue 5, located at the rear part of the housing 1, which is the inner part of not heat-insulated heat exchanger 6, located inside the housing 1 away from its walls, the input and output pipes 7, 8 for coolant, which go outside the housing 1. The primary air blast valve gate 9 is located in the lower part of the rear wall of the housing 1 and it is connected to the guide pipe 12, directed under the flame tube 3 along it. The outlet flue gas temperature sensor 10 is located in the flue 5 above the heat exchanger 6, the coolant outlet temperature sensor 11 is located in the outlet pipe 8 of the heat exchanger 6. Based on the sensors 10 and 11 readings, the manual or automatic adjustment of the valve gates 9 and 4 nominal bores of the primary and secondary air blast is carried out.EFFECT: increased combustion duration, elimination of housing walls overheating, high maintainability.5 cl, 1 dwg
Sauna stove // 2639233
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: sauna contains a furnace with a door, ash pan, grate, heat-storing stove, flue ducts and a water tank. The water tank is electrically mounted on one side of the furnace on the rails and is provided with a mechanism for withdrawing the tank from the furnace, mounted in the lower part of the side of the furnace in the form of an axis with two gears engaging with gear racks mounted along the edges of the tank bottom. The grate of furnace is made in the form of a set of equal-angled corners facing downward.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of heat transfer and reducing the humidity of air for the comfort of staying in sauna.5 cl, 1 dwg

Unitized unit of equipment of mobile technological installation // 2639231
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: unitized unit of the equipment the mobile technological installation contains a metal frame in the form of transverse frames connected together by binding, a bottom plate, walls and a roof, equipped with thermal insulation and attached to metal frame, and the technological equipment placed in the unitized unit. The technological equipment is fitted with a closed cooling circuit and placed in rigid spatial constructions connected with the metal frame, which is equipped with air-penetrable interflow decks. The unitized unit is equipped with a ventilation system with intake screen installed on its exterior panel, sequentially installed on the course of the air and connected among themselves by means of the pipeline with a heater, a fan and a horizontally oriented vent header located above the bottom of the unitized unit along the internal perimeter of its panel, and equipped with equally spaced from each other along its length sockets, directed horizontally to the middle of the bottom of the unitized unit, on the roof of which exhaust ventilation deflectors are installed. The heater of the ventilation system is equipped with devices for the input and output of the heating medium from which the heater is integrated into the closed cooling circuit of the technological equipment. In the closed cooling circuit of the technological equipment a flow-rate regulator of the coolant is built in front of the heater of the ventilation system, and in parallel with the specified regulator and the heater there is a heat exchanger of excessive heat removal provided with an external cooling circuit.EFFECT: invention allows to provide useful use of heat generated during exothermic reactions in the technological equipment of the unitized unit for its heating, and for heating the auxiliary infrastructure.2 cl, 4 dwg

Evaporative humidifier and indoors climate control system // 2639072
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: humidifier contains a water tank; swab unit, made with the ability to absorb water from the water tank, the swab unit contains a swab, a swab holder for fastening of the swab and a float, located in the swab holder to linking with the water level in the water tank. The swab holder forms a vertical guide along which the float is made with the ability to move, the float snaps in the swab holder and the swab holder is heavy enough not to pop up when it is subjected to effects of buoyancy force of the float; and a fan unit, located in a fan housing and executed so as to make the air flow move through the swab unit, and the fan housing contains a block of the upper lid, in which at least one annular air outlet is formed on the external site near the periphery of the block of the upper lid.EFFECT: when performing manual adjustment, the intuitive feeling by the wrist of the force of the airflow, thus; the user can adjust the humidity level even if he is unable to see his indicator.11 cl, 8 dwg

Air cleaning device // 2639060
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: device is located in a window separating the space inside the room and the outside space. The device comprises an inlet chamber having a first inlet opening, a second inlet opening and an outlet opening, wherein the first inlet opening in an operative position is opened to the outside space and the second inlet opening in an operative position is opened to the interior of the room; an air blower, intended to inject air from the inlet chamber into the space inside the room through the outlet opening. The air is injected into the inlet chamber through the first inlet opening or through the second inlet opening; and a filter element positioned upstream before the air blower and designed to filter out pollutants from the air.EFFECT: increased degree of purification.10 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and device for defrosting evaporator relating to for air conditioning unit // 2638704
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioning unit includes an adjustable heat recovery device. The heat pump includes a refrigerant circulation system with a refrigerant, as well as at least one compressor, at least one condenser, at least one first expansion valve, and at least one evaporator. Further, said heat pump includes at least one four-way valve positioned downstream after compressor and upstream before condenser, said four-way valve is designed to change the direction refrigerant flow in refrigerant circulation system, whereby the refrigerant is sent to the evaporator instead of condenser, bypassing the expansion valve. The heat recovery device is designed to regenerate energy from the first air flow and transfer it to a second air flow, the evaporator being located in the first air flow downstream of the heat recovery device, and the condenser is located in the second air flow downstream of the heat recovery device. The heat pump includes a reservoir and a second expansion valve that are disposed between the first expansion valve and the condenser, the first expansion valve controls the refrigerant flow through evaporator and the second expansion valve regulating the level of refrigerant in the reservoir in cooperation with the first expansion valve in order to obtain an adjustable amount of refrigerant and balanced backpressure in condenser with incomplete compressor load. The method for defrosting evaporator is characterized in that when the frost forms in the evaporator, the temperature of refrigerant passing through the evaporator is increased. At the same time, the heat recovery device is adjusted downward, whereby the evaporator is simultaneously heated both from the inside by raising the temperature of refrigerant and externally by the first air flow, the temperature of which increases when the heat recovery decreases, and thus the evaporator is defrosted.EFFECT: decreasing the defrosting time of evaporator.8 cl, 3 dwg

Combined thermal storage electric heater with stage heating of heat-storing core // 2638696
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: in a combined thermal storage electric heater with stage heating of the heat-storing core in the latter, a heat sensor is installed on one of the electric heating elements. It allows to set and control the temperature of the electric heating elements, heating them up according to the stage heating principle and not exceeding their maximum allowed temperature. There is a two-layer heat insulation with a shield between the layers of heat insulation inside the chamber with the heat-storing core. And there is a mixing chamber in the chamber with an electric convector. The mixing chamber allows mixing the flows of cold and hot air to a homogeneous state at the outlet of the device. There is an air gap between the bottom wall of the device case and the floor.EFFECT: high heat efficiency with the ability to set and control the required temperature of electric heating elements installed inside the heat-storing core, mix the cold and hot air flows to a homogeneous state at the outlet of the device.1 dwg

ethod for heat energy generation // 2638646
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: in the proposed method an anode and cathode are placed in a tank with a narrow channel of plasma within 2.5-3 cm, the tank is filled with distilled water, in which sodium chloride salt within 3-3.5% and 0.5-1% of lithium chloride salt are added, through which alternating current is passed. Water is mixed with a finely dispersed sodium chloride salt and lithium chloride salt. Use of an alternating current, but not a constant one, is provided. The salt content in water (3.5-4.5%) corresponds approximately to the composition of salt in the water of the world ocean with a specific heat capacity of C 3.9 kJ/kg⋅deg.EFFECT: increased power efficiency due to the narrow plasma channel and the possibility of obtaining up to seven pulses of plasma per second, increased durability of aluminium electrodes.1 dwg,1 ex
ultifunctional stove device // 2638355
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: multifunctional stove device contains a body, a furnace, a chimney, a filling tank. The body has external and internal surfaces, between which a water volume is located, connected through a valve with the filling tank. The furnace is located with a gap inside the body and has a furnace volume, along the perimeter of which there are pipes, the internal volume of which is connected with the water volume. The internal and external surfaces of the body are tightly connected with the pipes, wherein the furnace volume and the volume formed by the internal surface of the body and the furnace surface is connected with the chimney for the chimney gas discharge. The stove contains an upper outer stove for cooking, alongside of the body there is a drain valve for domestic, household and practical needs, radiators with an adjusting valve for controlling coolant temperature of the stove water volume, wherein the radiators are connected with the water volume - a non-return valve.EFFECT: increased efficiency and intensity of heat exchange between fuel combustion products and stove surfaces, reduction of mass-dimension parameters of the stove.6 cl, 3 dwg
Cascade heat pump system for heating and hot water supply of private and utility spaces // 2638252
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heating systems with heat pumps, using low-temperature heat sources of natural or artificial origin to obtain water, suitable for autonomous heating and hot water supply of premises of enterprises in the sphere of housing and communal services, as well as cottages and private houses. A cascade heat pump system comprising two heat pumps connected in series to the consumer, which form the stages of the cascade. The first stage of the cascade of evaporator is included in the circulation circuit of low-heat source and capacitor of the second stage of the cascade is included in the circulation circuit heat consumer, it contains additional circulating outline with technological medium temperature heat transfer agent. The condenser of the first stage of the cascade and the evaporator of the second stage of the cascade are included in said additional circulation circuit, and at the outlet of the evaporator of the second stage of the cascade it contains an additional capacity for overheating of the saturated vapour of the refrigerant, and at the output of the condenser of the second stage of the cascade it contains an additional reservoir for the selection of excess heat of the refrigerant. Part of the excess heat generated by cooling the refrigerant additional condenser capacity the second stage of the cascade can be used for vapour refrigerant superheat in additional capacity at the outlet of the evaporator is the second stage of the cascade.EFFECT: increase of reliability and efficiency of the cascade heat pump system, built on the basis of typical elements of heat pumps.11 cl, 1 dwg

Outdoor boiler // 2638103
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: outdoor boiler comprises a heat-water-resistant body 1 within the framework of which there is a flue heat exchanger 2 with a furnace unit 3. The flue heat exchanger 2 comprises a blasting burner 4, a chimney raft 5, feed 6 and return 7 lines respectively, and the furnace unit 3 internal surface is coated with the refractory ceramic fiber 8. The boiler is fitted with the impact plate 9 of a size no greater than 1/2 of a furnace unit cross section. The furnace unit is insulated by the refractory ceramic fiber and is mounted on the top 1/3 part of the furnace unit 3.EFFECT: increasing the path length of the gas flame before the contact with flue heat exchanger with full reburning.1 dwg

Solar energy concentrator // 2638096
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: concentrator contains a symmetrical reflective surface made in the form of a focline, and a rectangular exit window for placing the radiation receiver, which coincides with the focal spot of the concentrator. The degree of concentration at each point of the focal spot is the same. The reflecting surface consists of a flat and curvilinear sections. The generator of the reflecting surface is described by a system of equations that takes into account the coordinates of the sun ray incidence points on the concentrator, the concentration coefficient, the width of the focal spot, the size of the concentrator aperture, and the coordinates of the line joining flat and curvilinear sections of the reflecting surface.EFFECT: reducing the reflection of radiation from the working surface of the radiation receiver and increasing the conversion efficiency.1 dwg, 1 tbl

Hob for gas cookers // 2638054
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: household cooker contains a hob and a grill. The hob comprises a bottom surface on which at least one gas burner is mounted. The hob has an outer border and an internal recessed area. The inner recessed area is recessed relative to the outer border. The inner recessed area is essentially formed by the bottom surface. The hob further has a transition between the outer border and the inner recessed area and the sweeping spot extending between the outer border and the inner recessed area. The inner recessed area is essentially surrounded by a transition, except for the sweeping spot. The grill is designed to be placed on the hob. Each of the sweeping and crossing spots extends between the bottom surface and a predetermined elevation above the bottom surface. The sweep spot reaches a predetermined elevation more smoothly than the transition reaches a predetermined elevation.EFFECT: easier cleaning of the household cooker.16 cl, 4 dwg
ethod for complex clearing of exhaust gases of automotive vehicles from contaminants in closed premises // 2637747
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: method for complex cleaning of exhaust gases of automotive vehicles from harmful contaminants in closed premises, providing that a flexible stainless hose is connected with the exhaust pipe of the car to remove exhaust gases, and through the stainless adapter and through a stainless bushing to the upcast shaft, exclude the ingress of the original exhaust gases back into the flexible stainless hose due to the check valve installed in the place of attachment of the stainless bushing and the upcast shaft. The gas flow rate is increased at the outlet of the upcast shaft and the back pressure of the exhaust gases is reduced by means of a fan upcast system which is switched on from the control panel, and the breakthrough exhaust gases are removed from the car box into the atmosphere and filled with fresh air from the atmosphere by means of intake and upcast ventilation, which is switched on from the control panel. At the first stage, the exhaust gases are cleaned through the diesel particulate filter, and at the second stage, the exhaust gases are cleaned in the catalytic converter, after cleaning the exhaust gases through the upcast shaft exit into the atmosphere, then the supply and upcast ventilation and the roof fan are switched on, then the air through the intake hoses, air ducts and the upcast pipe goes out into the atmosphere. Through the air ducts with distributive nozzles, the car box is filled with fresh air from the atmosphere until the engine stops working in the car box, or until the vehicle leaves the car box.EFFECT: improving the quality of exhaust gas cleaning of automotive vehicles.1 cl

Heat spreading plate and method of its manufacture // 2637532
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: distribution panel contains a meander tube pressed into a heat spreading plate made of thermally expanded graphite and fixed in brackets that are fixed in the frame. The frame from the lower side is covered with a web glued to the bottom surface of the heat distribution plate and attached to the frame along the perimeter. This heat-distributing plate can consist of two plates of thermally expanded graphite, between which a tube-meander is pressed. The tube-meander is made of copper. Each of the brackets can be made with U-shaped cross-section. The frame can be made of metal from beams with h-shaped cross-section. On the upper side of the heat spreading plate, an aluminium foil coating can be provided. Method of manufacture heat spreading plate is characterized by the fact that beams assemble frame tube meander record in brackets, which is fixed in the frame, under the expanded plate stacked meander graphite top tube-meandering second plate placed expanded graphite, then carry out pressing these plates with getting heat spreading plate, then the underside of the received heat spreading plate covered with a layer of adhesive plates substances, on the underside of the frame is covered with a cloth, the edges of which attach to the frame around the perimeter, and the canvas to the bottom surface of heat spreading plate.EFFECT: such execution of heat spreading plate at the expense of losing weight while maintaining its rigidity and strength will greatly simplify its installation, dismantling, and reduce its cost.12 cl, 2 dwg

Heat spreading plate and method of its manufacture // 2637531
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: heat spreading plate contains a meander tube that can be made of copper and fixed in brackets, each of which is made with a U-shaped cross-section. This meander tube is pressed into the heat-distributing plate. In this case, heat-distributing plate consists of two plates of thermally expanded graphite, between which a tube-meander is pressed. The near-surface layer of the noted heat-distributing plate is impregnated with a binder, which can be an epoxy resin. The method for manufacturing the heat distribution panel is characterized in that the meander tube is fixed in brackets, a plate of thermally expanded graphite is laid under the meander tube, the second plate of thermoexpanded graphite is laid on top of the meander tube, then the noted plates are pressed to form a heat spreading plate, then the near-surface layer the resulting heat spreading plate is impregnated with a binder.EFFECT: design of the heat distribution panel, while maintaining its rigidity and strength, will simplify its manufacture, reduce its weight and cost, and due to weight reduction, it is much easier to install and dismantle it.11 cl, 2 dwg
Exhaust pipe deflector by nesterov // 2637353
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: exhaust pipe deflector comprises an exhaust pipe, a deflector cylinder, blades, posts and hood-cap. The deflector cylinder is fixed on the exhaust pipe by means of blades arranged with an equal pitch along the circumference of the exhaust pipe, the hood-cap is fixed on the deflector cylinder by means of posts at a distance from the deflector cylinder. Each blade comprises a gripping element with side walls, which with its upper edge transforms at angle into the chute with side walls, which in turn transforms with its upper edge into the upper part and the upper side, at that the upper part of the chute is bent radially to the opposite side from the direction of the gripping element, and the upper side located on the side of one of the chute side walls is wrapped around the vertical axis, and the gripping element of each blade is below the lower edge of the deflector cylinder.EFFECT: improved efficiency of the device operation and the entire exhaust system.11 cl, 3 dwg

Flow control valve // 2637074
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the flow control valve (1) for liquid heating and cooling installations, consisting of housing (2) having an inlet (3) and an outlet (4) and a connecting pipe (13) located between them wherein a pressure control device (14) is inserted which supports constant pressure differential between pressure ranges in front of and behind the flow control unit (8) located in the connecting pipe, as well as a spindle (7) having a control element protruding from the housing (2) and the first throttle element (9) located in the housing (2) which affects the flow control unit or its parts. This flow control unit (8) consists of the first throttle device which is formed from the first throttle element (9) fixed on the spindle (7) and a seat (10), and the second throttle device which is formed from the second throttle element (11) mounted on the spindle (7) with the possibility of longitudinal relocation on it and a seat. The second throttle element (11) is movable in the direction of the first throttle element (9).EFFECT: valve has a simpler design and takes up less space.29 cl, 11 dwg

Solar system // 2636960
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: solar system contains two hydraulic circuits with pipelines, a solar collector having a supply and discharge branch pipes, a heat storage tank with a heat exchanger connected by a three-way valve to form a second closed circuit. The first hydraulic circuit contains a heat-insulated container with a hinged cover-screen, a heat storage tank, a second hydraulic circuit contains a solar collector and a heat exchanger housed inside the heat storage tank. In the hydraulic system, respectively, circulating and vacuum pumps are introduced. The vacuum pump is embedded in the pipeline on the second circuit between the output branch pipe of solar collector and pipeline before entering the heat exchanger and the circulating pump is embedded in a direct pipeline of the first circuit to the entrance of the heat storage tank, whose exit is connected to the container input by reversed pipeline. The first input-output of the three-way valve is attached to the input branch pipe of the solar collector, to whose second input-output the output of heat exchanger is connected in parallel with the third input of the tapering device introduced into the system, the output of which is connected to the input of the three-way valve.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of using solar energy to maintain a favourable temperature of consumer in a wide temperature range of ambient air.7 cl, 1 dwg
Fan coil unit and air conditioner containing such unit // 2636922
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner contains a fan chamber section with the first installation department located on it; a radiator section located on the first side of the fan chamber section and equipped with the second mounting section on its first side and the third mounting section on its second side; a grating disposed on the second side of the radiator section and equipped with the fourth mounting section on its first side, besides the radiator section can be settled in either the first position in which the first side of the radiator section faces the fan chamber section, and the second and the third mounting sections are connected to the first and the fourth mounting sections, or in the second position in which the second side of the radiator section faces the fan chamber section, and the third and the second mounting sections are connected to the first and the fourth mounting sections. In this case, the first mounting section has the same construction as the fourth mounting section, and the second mounting section has the same construction as the third mounting section.EFFECT: simplifying the installation of the claimed unit and the air conditioner which contains it.9 cl, 2 dwg

Air conditioner and control program // 2636915
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner contains: an internal unit; an external unit for detecting outdoor temperature; and a control device installed in the internal unit to perform control of the operation of the internal unit and a heater placed in the room, while the control device contains: a storage device for storing data of threshold values, indicating the first and the second threshold value; an evaluator of a heater control for reading threshold data values from the memory, heater control permission when the outdoor air temperature is less than or equal to the first threshold value and heater control ban, when the outdoor air temperature is greater than or equal to the second threshold value; a heater operation control unit for the setting the heater to the permanently disabled state when heater control is prohibited and on/off control of the heater's work based on the relationship between the room temperature and the set temperature when the heater control is allowed; a receiver for receiving the threshold value indicating signal entered by the user and indicating the first and the second threshold values; and a threshold value setting unit for setting the data of the threshold values stored in the memory, based on the indication from the received threshold value indication signal.EFFECT: additional energy savings in relation to the air conditioner that controls the operation of the heater.8 cl, 11 dwg

Centrifugal fan and air-conditioner with such fan // 2636909
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner, including a housing and an air-blowing unit, which includes: a housing to direct suction and air emission, a centrifugal fan located inside the housing; an electric motor and a motor shaft. The fan includes: a base connected to the motor shaft; a plurality of blades spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction of the base for guiding the air introduced in the axial direction of the base along the circumferential direction of the base; a leading edge formed on each of the blades and located near the motor shaft; a trailing edge formed on each of the blades and facing toward the outer circumferential direction of the base; and at least one first blade included in the blades. The leading edge of the first blade passes at a greater distance from the motor shaft than the leading edge of each of the other blades. The bending angle of each first blades in the direction to their respective trailing edges is greater than the bending angle of each second blades in the direction to their respective trailing edges and the trailing edge of each first blades passes at the same distance from the motor shaft as the trailing edge of each second blade.EFFECT: reduction of the resistance created at a high static pressure, and a high flow rate.8 cl, 12 dwg

System of building heat-supply // 2636885
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: system that includes the building's power supply system, a building or other building or object cooling system, direct and return pipelines of the heat network, creating together with the local heating system circuits of the building using both high-temperature and low-temperature heat transfer media, the network coolant circulation system, and a water preheating unit for hot water supply system comprising at least one tank storing hot water, network coolant circulation system after the circuits of local heat consumption systems of the building and after the water preheating unit contains a heat pump that is used as the first stage of water heating and as the main unit for heating water to the required temperature in the hot water supply system due to the heat energy of phase transition of circulating through the heat pump working medium, wherein the working medium circulation circuit is configured to use through heat exchanger the residual heat energy of low-temperature heat of return network coolant directly or at the outlet of said circulation system and residual heat energy of heated coolant of return pipeline of building or other building or object cooling system.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of system.3 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of increasing efficiency of thermal unit in field kitchen // 2636832
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of increasing the efficiency of a thermal unit in a field kitchen is provided by redistributing the heat fluxes of flue gases in the flue and at the boilers. Wherein the first boiler above the flame is protected from overheating by a ceramic coating containing liquid sodium glass with a silicate module of 2.5-3.0-30%, in the mixture with copper oxide of 7%, refractory clay - 17%, kaolin - 5 %, graphite - 5% and water - 36% of the total mass, with the thickness of 1.0 mm specially sprayed onto the outer boiler wall, dried at the temperature of 80°C and baked at the temperature of 800°C.EFFECT: reducing the temperature of a superheated boiler wall.1 dwg
Estimation method of microclimate comfort in premises of habitable, public and office buildings // 2636807
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: in the described method, which consists in measuring the indoor air temperature, relative humidity, air mobility, ambient temperature, preliminarily determine the preferred type and characteristics of the work performed, as well as the thermal conductivity resistance of the people's clothing preferred type, additionally measure the person clothing surface temperature, the carbon dioxide concentration in the air of the premise under examination and in the outdoor air, calculate the components of the person heat balance equation, determine the coefficient of human thermal condition comfort coefficient k1, the radiative cooling coefficient k2, the radiation fluxes asymmetry coefficient k3, the air medium quality coefficient k4. Calculate the comfort level of the microclimate according to the formula: W = k1⋅k2⋅k3⋅k4, and estimate the comfort level of the microclimate according to the following scale: <-0.5 - cold, discomfort, -0.3÷-0.5 - cool, light discomfort, 0÷-0.3 - cool, but comfortable, 0 - comfort, 0÷0.3 - heat, but comfortable, 0.30÷0.5 - heat, slight discomfort.EFFECT: increasing the accuracy of determining the comfort level in the premises of habitable, public and office buildings.1 cl