Friction heat generator
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind industry and can be used in heating and hot water supply systems of residential and industrial buildings. Friction heat generator comprises vertical cylindrical body with lid and bottom, drive shaft, cold water inlet manifolds and hot water outlet manifolds, movable disc at the bottom with blades and stationary disc. Pipe rigidly put on the shaft has rocker arms on the top attached to it from both sides, and cantilever beams at the bottom, supported by disc. Disks are attached at the bottom on both sides of cantilever beams, vertical rods attached to them come out from their centre. These rods have discs with blades and discs with hollow rings around them, which are put loosely on them. Rods are fixed at the top in the sleeves attached to the rocker arms.
EFFECT: performance permits to increase the conversion factor of one form of energy into another, compared with similar heat generators.
2 cl, 3 dwg
The invention relates to wind energy and can be used in heating systems and hot water supply of residential and industrial buildings.
Known friction heater containing a tank with the heated environment at the bottom of which has a fixed disk in contact with a movable disk having laterally of the blade, and he through a vertical shaft connected to the turbine (A.S. No. 1627790, 1991, the USSR). In a known heater limited amount of rubbing each other technical elements in its design there is no heat storage device with a phase transition.
Known thermoelectric air conditioning, including shrouded elements, water and air heat pipes and fan motor housing in the form of a hollow section, made up of a set of thermoelectric packages cylinder. (A.S. No. 269459, 1970, USSR). Known thermoelectric air conditioning outside consumes electrical energy and its design is not designed to heat water using wind energy.
The closest to the technical nature of the claimed solution is the friction heat generator comprising a vertical cylindrical housing with cap and plate, drive shaft, pipes entrance of cold and hot water outlet and hydro, and washupito shaft through the cover and the clutch connected to the shaft of a wind turbine, and at the bottom with the pins connected to the movable eccentric drive motor. (RF patent 2380625, 2010). Known heat friction complicated construction and has a significant number of moving pistons in the cylinders, which leads to premature wear.
The task of the present technical solution consists in increasing the number of rubbing each other technical elements of simple design, and thus in the increase of the coefficient of conversion of one form of energy into another.
The task is achieved by the fact that the proposed friction heat generator comprising a vertical cylindrical housing with cap and plate, drive shaft, pipes entrance of cold and hot water outlet, a moveable disk with blades and a stationary disk. According to the invention the pipe is rigidly attached to the shaft, has a top attached to it on both sides of the beam, and the bottom of the cantilever beam, simply supported on the disk, attached at the bottom of the shaft. The disks on both sides at the bottom of the cantilever beams attached to them, and of which overlook attached vertical rods with line attached disks with blades and disks with hollow rings around them, and the rods at the top is fixed in the sleeve attached to the rocker arm. Hollow ring disk and the container in the form of a truncated cone filled with the warmth of cumwithuscom matter phase transition.
Figure 1 shows the friction heat generator, in section; figure 2 - disk with a hollow ring outside, in section; figure 3 is a disk with blades in the section.
The friction heat generator includes a vertical cylindrical housing 1 with a cover 2 and a bottom 3, the drive shaft 4 whose top has a flange 5 PTO and passes through the bearing 6. At the bottom of the shaft 4 has a supporting disk 7, is rigidly attached, and the movable disk 8 in contact with the stationary disk 9 attached to the bottom 3. The blades 10 attached to the side of the disk 8, made in the form of a propeller and press it to the disk 9. The pipe 11 is rigidly attached to the shaft 4 has a top attached to it on both sides of the beam 12 and the lower cantilever beams 13, supported on the disk 7. The lower disk 14 attached to beams 13, and of which come attached to the vertical rods 15, fixed in the sleeve 16, is attached to the rocker arm 12. The disks 17 with blades 18 and the disk 19 with hollow rings 20 rows in sequence freely mounted on the rod 15 (see figure 1), on their holes 21.
The housing 1 has a left at the bottom of the outlet 22 of the inlet of cold water, for example, from a municipal water supply, and top right is a pipe 23 provided with a system of hot water supply (not shown). All of the disks 8, 9, 14, 17 and 19 are made of solid slowly is washable material, and the blades 18 of the disks 17 are square, gradually increasing down from the rocker 12 and disk 14 mounted on the beams 13. In the lower part of the tube 11, supported on beams 13, installed in the form of a truncated cone tank 24 filled with the heat storage substance phase transition, and the hollow ring 20 disks 19 is also filled with the heat storage substance phase transition.
To the pipe 11 can be attached to 2, 4 or more rocker with 12 beams 13, between which the vertical are 4, 8 or more packages with the disks 17 and 19. These activities contribute to the increase of the conversion of mechanical energy into thermal energy and more rapid heating through heat cold water.
The friction heat generator works in the following way:
In the assembled condition of the heat generator is connected by pipes 22 and 23 to the cold and hot water, and with the flange 5 to the drive motor, such as a wind turbine.
When the wind of sufficient force rotates the shaft 4, the pipe 11, the rocker arm 12 with the beams 13 and packages of disks located between them. At the bottom of the shaft 4 also rotates the disc 8 with the blade 10, in contact with the stationary disk 9, converting mechanical energy into heat due to friction disks together. The heat from all sources is used for heating the liquid, which is looking is moved upward of the housing 1 and heated through pipe 23 is spent on customer needs. Hollow ring 20 discs 19 and the tank 24 with a accumulating substance phase transition continuous operation of the heat generator store heat from passing these fluids. In the temporary absence of the wind they give up their heat to the liquid and thereby maintain its temperature within acceptable limits for the consumer.
The proposed friction heat generator is compact, simple in design and operation, and therefore, in combination with a drive from a wind turbine is known constructions can be widely used in areas with sufficient wind load for heating and hot water supply to various destination object.
1. The friction heat generator comprising a vertical cylindrical housing with cap and plate, drive shaft, pipes entrance of cold and hot water outlet at the bottom, a movable disk with blades and a stationary disk, characterized in that the pipe is rigidly attached to the shaft, has a top attached to it on both sides of the beam, and the bottom of the cantilever beam, simply supported on the disk, attached at the bottom of the shaft, disks on both sides at the bottom of the cantilever beams attached to them, from the center of the disk facing attached to the vertical studs with freely worn on their disks with blades and disks with hollow rings around them, and the rods at the top is fixed in alkah, attached to the rocker arm.
2. The heat generator according to claim.1,characterized in that the blades of disks loosely mounted on the rods have an area, increasing from top to bottom, and a hollow ring disks filled heat storage substance phase transition.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heating equipment, particularly, to water heater incorporated with heating system and hot water supply. Windmill heat generator comprises cylindrical housing with cover and bottom and cylindrical horizontal partition accommodating thrust bearing and journal-and-thrust bearing. Vertical shaft runs in said bearings and is equipped with coupling fitted from above to receive power from windmill, rotary vane element being secured thereto from below. Cold water inlet pipe is fitted inside the housing, at its bottom, while hot water discharge pipe is arranged at its top section connected with cold and hot water supplies, respectively.
EFFECT: enhanced performances, heating of two and mote premises.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wind friction heat generator comprises cylindrical housing with lid and bottom, drive shaft and fittings of cold water inlet and hot water outlet at the top right side of the housing. Drive shaft under the lid has a flange rigidly connected in the bottom with flange of screw, and from sides with plate, having openings for connection of peripheral screws to it. The centre screw at the bottom has opening in which the axle rigidly connected with movable disc attached on the bottom, is installed on the sliding key. Peripheral screws at the top are freely located with clearance of 1.5-2.0 mm in the openings of plate and at the bottom have discs attached to them, contacting with annular disc attached to the bottom. All screws at the bottom are combined by hollow ring filled with heat accumulating material of phase transition, and their surface has the raised roughness.
EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of liquid heating.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and can be used for heating water in housing and utilities sector and in agriculture. Essence of the invention consists in the fact that the acceleration bush of a heat generator is made as a set of concentrically embedded fixed bushes with radial gaps, the bush is installed in a water heating device comprising an operating network pump, feeding and return pipelines with shutoff valves providing for interaction of the heat exchanger with the heat generator which includes at least one casing fitted by a cylindrical part made as a vortex tube with a braking unit being set at the base of the casing and its other side being connected to the end face side of a fluid accelerator which is made as a volute connected to the pump and fitted by the acceleration bush set coaxially to the vortex tube axis line and connected to the discharge tube of the pump by a channel.
EFFECT: device arrangement will make it possible to increase fluid heating efficiency and reach stable performance.
12 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of a hybrid unit control and to the hybrid unit in which this method can be implemented. Control method for a unit 1 comprising at least a compressor plant 2 and/or a drying unit on one side and a heat regeneration system 3 on the other side. The heat regeneration system 3 absorbs heat from the compressor plant 2. Additionally the hybrid unit 1 comprises a controller 5 and a device 6 to set one or more system parameters. The controller 5 performs control both of the compressor plant 2 and/or the drying unit and the heat regeneration system 3 on the basis of the said system parameters along with the optimisation of the overall efficiency of the hybrid unit.
EFFECT: reduction of total power consumption by the hybrid unit.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to the field of electric engineering and operation of systems with asynchronous electric motor and frequency control, in particular to control of rotation speed and prevention of critical operation modes. Technical result of the method lies in that reliability of the cavitator is improved; its stable operation is maintained by means of operation mode correction when the detected sign proves potential stalling with change in the electric motor rotation speed. The method for control of stability improvement in cavitator operation includes liquid passing in a gap between the rotor and stator and subsequent conversion of the received energy into thermal energy, control by the heating process. The claimed method for control of the cavitator operation modes is based on the analysis of higher harmonics ratio in the electric mains, its comparing with the threshold value and shaping of the control signal for frequency control unit which controls the rotation speed of the electric motor.
EFFECT: control method allows reaching maximum efficiency for activation of process liquids for the purpose of their use in different processes of chemical production such as dilution, heat generation, and synthesis.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: thermoelectric link comprises a coolant pipe, coated with a layer of a dielectric material with high heat conductivity, made of separate circular toothed ribs with teeth that are tightly pressed to each other, inside of each one there are circular zigzag-shaped rows of thermoelectric sections, made of alternating and joined thermoemission converters, each comprising a pair of sections made of different metals M1 and M2, ends of which are flattened and tightly pressed to each other and arranged in zones of heating and cooling, near the edge of the rib tooth and the external surface of the coolant pipe, accordingly, besides, free ends of zigzag-shaped circular rows of each thermoelectric section are connected to each other by links, and free ends of circular rows of extreme thermoelectric sections, in their turn, are connected by electric wires with collectors and current leads.
EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of a thermoelectric link for a pipe.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises the following steps: (a) mixing a first substance which includes an oil-bearing rock and a second substance which includes sensitive particles in form of dipole antennae to form a mixture of 10-99 vol. % of the first substance and 1-50 vol. % of the second substance; (b) exposing said mixture to radio frequency energy with frequency or frequencies from said set of one or more radio frequencies and power sufficient for heating the sensitive particles; and (c) continuing exposure to radio frequency energy over a period of time sufficient for heating sensitive particles of said mixture to average temperature higher than about 100°C (212°F). The method is characterised by that said sensitive particles are conducting carbon fibres with length between 1/2, 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 the wavelength.
EFFECT: said sensitive particles can have advantages for radio frequency heating of hydrocarbon compounds, for example high temperature, anhydrous treatment as well as higher rate or efficiency.
14 cl, 3 ex, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: liquid heating apparatus comprises a heat generator comprising a housing having a cylindrical portion and a liquid movement accelerator, designed as a cyclone, a pump connected to the heat source via an injection nozzle, where at least one insert is placed, and a heat exchange system. The insert is formed as a continuous plate along the injection nozzle oriented perpendicular to the ends of the cyclone. The insert in the injection nozzle forcibly expands the jet in its entry into the cyclone, which results in formation of a vacuum region, downstream the compression region, the vacuum again, compression, etc. As we move into the cyclone, collapse and cavitation are formed in turns on each element of the jet flow in these regions, providing hot water or other process fluid.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve heating efficiency and reliability of a fluid device.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: electrically driven pump-heat generator comprises encased scroll, impeller, discharge outlet, stator and drive motor hollow rotor running in plain bearings. Heat tube is made inside said hollow rotor. Hydrodynamic rotary cavitator fitted on the shaft incorporates ultrasound resonance cavitation amplifier. Coaxial heat tubes are fitted on hollow shaft between said stator and rotor.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, decreased electric power consumption.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic heat generator comprises a cylindrical body with a cover and a bottom, an element in the form of a wound spring, nozzles for supply of cold water and drain of hot water. A wound flat spring with holes is fixed to turns of a hollow element, in its cylindrical part, outside, in the horizontal position, and on the vertical pipe installed inside the element there are hollow washers installed, filled with a heat-accumulating substance and equipped with holes. The vertical shaft from a wind engine via a reducer and a horizontal shaft having a solid disc at the end, is mechanically via a finger on a disc and a crank are connected with a connecting rod and a stem rigidly fixed with a hollow element and a pipe installed inside the body.
EFFECT: compactness and reduced metal intensity with increased transforming devices, making it possible to increase coefficient of mechanical energy transformation into thermal one.
FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.
FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.
EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.
SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.
EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat-power engineering; water heating systems for living and industrial rooms.
SUBSTANCE: proposed liquid heater has stator with cylindrical cavity and rotor mounted in this cavity at spaced relation and secured on rotating shaft; intermediate bush or disk mounted between rotor and shaft is made from dielectric material, thus reducing losses of heat over rotor shaft.
EFFECT: reduction of heat losses; enhanced efficiency.