Led bracket for orthodontic treatment

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment and can be used in dentistry, in particular in orthodontics. Bracket contains case, in whose slots ligature wire is placed. In bracket case placed are light-emitting elements, operating in range of ultraviolet, blue, green, red or infrared irradiation. Irradiation parameters are controlled by microcontroller, which is made in form of microchip.

EFFECT: impact of optic irradiation on the place of bracket fixation on tooth surface ensures effect of superficial bactericidal action, inhibits growth of fungi, leads to conformational rearrangements of protein matrix of enamel and improves its functional properties, enhancing exchange and diffusion processes.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to medical equipment, namely to devices used for correction of malocclusion, the alignment incorrectly positioned teeth and restore the functioning of the dentition, and can be used in orthodontics, prosthodontics.

According to statistics, 90% of the population has malocclusion and need orthodontic treatment. Bite correction is important, as it can cause the development and progression of periodontal disease leads to tooth mobility, denuding the necks of the teeth, etc. the Inability to efficiently clean the teeth leads to the formation of plaque, calculus, caries.

It is known that the hygienic condition of the mouth in the presence of dental anomalies and deformations worse, there are inflammatory processes in periodontal tissues, increases the damage of teeth with caries.

In recent years, dramatically increased the number of patients with periodontal disease. With the progression of this disease healthy teeth become loose and even fall out.

Known currently used fixed orthodontic appliances, braces contain locks or brackets (bracket in translation from English means bracket), which are bonded to the teeth using a special glue in the grooves of which the PCC who repents elastic wire - orthodontic arch (1).

The arc is placed in the bracket with the cap and rubber ligatures, which skaplivaet myself plaque that significantly impairs oral hygiene and gum condition.

Known bruketa system for orthodontic treatment containing braces, ligature wire, located in the body of the bracket microchip with a microcontroller, microactuator and the piezoelectric element (2).

This device also has a rubber ligature performing additional functions of vibration elements. The inability to efficiently clean the teeth leads to the formation of plaque, calculus, caries.

The purpose of the invention is the elimination of complications after treatment with orthodontic braces.

This objective is achieved in that the bracket is equipped with light emitting elements made in the form of LEDs.

The impact of optical radiation on the attachment brackets on the tooth surface provides the effect of surface bactericidal action, stops the growth of fungi, leads to conformational rearrangements in the protein matrix of enamel and improves its functional properties, enhancing the exchange and diffusion processes.

Figure 1 shows a bracket for orthodontic treatment (in section), figure 2 - block diagram of the execution of the electrical part.

Break the t includes a housing 1, in the grooves which is placed ligature wire 2. In the case of braces placed light-emitting elements 3 (e.g., LEDs)operating in the range of ultraviolet, blue, green, red or infrared radiation.

Management options emission light-emitting elements provides the microcontroller 4, which is in the form of a microchip and is located in the body of the bracket or outside the bracket in the external control unit.

The power supply provides an integrated microactuator 5 or the external power source 6.

Transmission of electricity is a technology radioresource transmission line (Wireless Resonant Energy Link (WREL))" on agreed resonators. As the receiving antenna is used ligature wire, electrically connected to the radiating element or a microcontroller.

A variant of power from the piezoelectric element 7, which is located in the bracket system operating at naduzywany pads opposite the teeth of the other jaw. The sensor can also be used for charging microactuator 5, located in the braces.

The proposed orthodontic bracket e provides the impact of optical radiation on the attachment on the tooth surface.

Ultraviolet and blue light is provide the effect of surface bactericidal action, and infrared radiation enhances this effect, and also stops the growth of bacteria.

Green light is effective when the disease of diabetes, and stops the growth of fungi.

Red and infrared improve blood flow neurovascular bundle of the tooth. Lead to conformational rearrangements in the protein matrix of enamel and improve its functional properties, enhancing the exchange and diffusion processes.

Colors and modes light-emitting elements in accordance with the method of sterilization of the surface of the tooth and prevention of inflammatory processes can shorten the time of treatment.

Sources of information

1. RU patent No. 1634265, CL A61C 7/00, 2001

2. US patent No. 433/29, CL A61N 5/06.

A bracket for orthodontic treatment, characterized in that it contains are located in the body of the bracket microchip with a microcontroller and a memory, microactuator or external energy source for the transmission of energy by electromagnetic radiation, and the piezoelectric element, the light emitting elements made in the form of LEDs and United with ligature wire, perform the function of the receiving antenna for supplying power technology radioresource transmission line.



 

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