Foundation supported by disk springs

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. The bumper has pendulum suspension means made as threaded rod with spherical profile on one rod end and threaded bush also having spherical profile. Both spherical profiles cooperate with conical surfaces of upper and lower plates correspondingly. Resilient member is made as serially connected resilient discs connected with outer bush surface along inner disc diameters. One bush end is fixedly secured to the base, another bush end is slidably installed in guiding bush.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of three-dimensional vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to means of protection from the harmful effects of vibration and can be used in construction, in particular in devices vibroisolating of foundations for machines and equipment with dynamic loads.

The closest technical solution to the declared object is vibroisolating Foundation containing a bath placed therein with clearance relative to the walls and bottom of the base block, pivotally connected with vibration isolators installed in the bottom of the tub, as the USSR № 1434037, E 02 D 27/44, 1986 (prototype).

The disadvantages of the prototype are relatively low efficiency of spatial isolation and structural complexity due to the use of cetkovich supports.

The technical result - improving the efficiency of spatial isolation and simplification of the structure.

This is achieved by the fact that in vibroisolating Foundation containing a bath placed therein with clearance relative to the walls and bottom of the base block, pivotally connected with vibration isolators, each vibration absorber is connected with the base unit via a pivoting lever that connects the base block with a support element of insulator, and is made with a pendulum hanging in the form of a threaded rod with a spherical profile on one of its ends and connected to the rod d is ibovo sleeve, having a spherical profile, and the spherical profile of the sleeve cooperates with the conical surface of the upper plate of the insulator and the elastic element is made of insulator in the form of a package of serially connected disc of elastic elements, and the elastic elements are connected at the inner diameter to the outer surface of the sleeve, one end of which is rigidly fixed to the base of the insulator, and the other member on a sliding fit in the guide sleeve.

1 shows a General scheme of the proposed Foundation, figure 2 is a frontal section of the insulator.

Vibroisolating Foundation contains a bath 1 placed therein with clearance relative to the walls 4 and 5 baths and bottom 1 base unit 2, pivotally connected with vibration isolators 3, installed in the bottom of the tub 1. The insulators 3 are associated with the base unit 2 through the hinge lever 6 connecting the base block 2 with the supporting element of the insulator 3 (figure 1). The insulators 3 are located between the walls 4 and 5 baths and is mounted on the plate 1.

The insulators 3 are made with pendulum suspension (figure 2) and contain elastic element 19, which interacts with the base 7 and the pendulum suspension 21. The base 7 is made the bottom 10 and top plates 22, interconnected struts 11. Pendulum 21 the imp is replaced in the form of a threaded rod 14 with a spherical profile 9 on one end and a threaded sleeve 15, connected with it, and has a spherical profile, both the spherical profile of the pendulum suspension interact with conical surfaces 13 and 12, respectively, the upper 17 and lower 8 plates, and the elastic element 19 is made in the form of a package of series-connected dish-shaped elastic elements 19. Disc elastic elements 19 inner surface cooperating with the outer surface of the sleeve 20, one end of which is rigidly fixed to the top plate 22 of the base 7, and the other member on a sliding fit in the guide sleeve 18.

Vibroisolating the Foundation works in the following way. Under the application of static loads on the base block 2, i.e. when installing equipment, vibration isolators 3 give static draught on the calculated value depending on the weight of the machine. While the base block 2 goes down, compressing the elastic element 19 of the Poppet type. Fluctuations vibroisolating object spring 19 perceives vertical load, thus weakening the dynamic effects, and horizontal loads are perceived pendulum suspension. By performing pendulum suspension with spherical profiles provides additional spatial vibration of the Foundation in all six directions of oscillations (on the three coordinate axes x, y, z, and turn signals is e around these axes).

The proposed solution is effective vibration protection means as equipment and operator, as well as simple and reliable in operation.

Vibroisolating Foundation containing a bath placed therein with clearance relative to the walls and bottom of the base block, pivotally connected with vibration isolators, wherein each of the vibration absorber is connected with the base unit via a pivoting lever that connects the base block with a support element of insulator, and is made with a pendulum hanging in the form of a threaded rod with a spherical profile on one of its ends and connected with the shank of a threaded sleeve having a spherical profile, and the spherical profile of the sleeve cooperates with the conical surface of the upper plate of the insulator and the elastic element is made of insulator in the form of a package of serially connected disc of elastic elements, moreover, the elastic elements are connected on the outer diameter with the outer surface of the sleeve, one end of which is rigidly fixed to the base of the insulator, and the other member on a sliding fit in the guide sleeve.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. Bumper has resilient member formed as two serially connected elastic resiliently-damping members divided with washer. Pendulum suspension means of the bumper is made as threaded pin having the first end connected to hinged lever and the second end connected to nut and thrust washer, which are connected to bush. The bush is attached to resilient member. The thrust washer is made of resilient material. Resiliently-damping member is formed as pleached strands or tangled wires.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of three-dimensional vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. The bumper has pendulum suspension means and comprises compression spring cooperating with the base and with the pendulum suspension means. The pendulum suspension means is made as threaded rod connected to spherical washer formed on one end thereof and with threaded bush also attached to spherical washer end not connected with threaded rod. The spherical washers cooperate with not less than 3 balls located on conical surfaces of support members and cooperating with upper spring end and object to be protected against vibration correspondingly. Buffer limiting elastomeric members are installed in base.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, particularly large electrical machines and foundations for turbogenerator and hydraulic generators.

SUBSTANCE: foundation slab comprises stator body base including support part connected with foundation. Arranged between support part and foundation is damping panel including reinforcement formed as vertical rods. Foam plastic member is put on the vertical rods and grouted with concrete grout. Vertical rods are connected one to another in horizontal plane with wire arranged at least in two levels in vertical plane of damping panel. Vertical rods extend through support part, pass into stator body base and into foundation.

EFFECT: reduced dynamic pressure applied to foundation slab and increased structural rigidity.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly new building erection and existent building reconstruction under any engineering-geological circumstances.

SUBSTANCE: foundation structure comprises shallow foundation and reinforcement members. Reinforcement members are made as vertical bars of precast or cast-in-place piles having diameters less than 200 mm and arranged along foundation perimeter. The piles are spaced a distance from outer foundation faces. The distance is equal to 0.1-0.5 of reinforcement member diameter. Distance between neighboring piles is equal to 2-4 reinforcement member diameters and reinforcement member length is 15-20 diameters thereof.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity due to creating compressive operational conditions under different engineering-geological circumstances, increased dynamic rigidity of foundation base and reduced foundation deformation and vibrational amplitude.

9 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, and in particular to methods of installation of anchor bolts in the Foundation for mounting of technological equipment, including machinery and equipment with dynamic loads

The invention relates to the construction, namely, the butt joints of precast concrete structures, mainly working in conditions of high heat, intense dynamic and cyclic loads, and can be used, for example, to connect the elements of frame building frames, frame reinforced concrete foundations of the turbines and other power equipment, as well as for repair and strengthening

The invention relates to the construction, namely the construction of foundations for the turbines

The invention relates to the construction, and in particular to methods of construction of the heavy vibroisolating foundations and various objects

The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure, namely design-forging equipment

The invention relates to the construction, namely vibroisolating the foundations for equipment with dynamic loads

FIELD: construction, particularly new building erection and existent building reconstruction under any engineering-geological circumstances.

SUBSTANCE: foundation structure comprises shallow foundation and reinforcement members. Reinforcement members are made as vertical bars of precast or cast-in-place piles having diameters less than 200 mm and arranged along foundation perimeter. The piles are spaced a distance from outer foundation faces. The distance is equal to 0.1-0.5 of reinforcement member diameter. Distance between neighboring piles is equal to 2-4 reinforcement member diameters and reinforcement member length is 15-20 diameters thereof.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity due to creating compressive operational conditions under different engineering-geological circumstances, increased dynamic rigidity of foundation base and reduced foundation deformation and vibrational amplitude.

9 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, particularly large electrical machines and foundations for turbogenerator and hydraulic generators.

SUBSTANCE: foundation slab comprises stator body base including support part connected with foundation. Arranged between support part and foundation is damping panel including reinforcement formed as vertical rods. Foam plastic member is put on the vertical rods and grouted with concrete grout. Vertical rods are connected one to another in horizontal plane with wire arranged at least in two levels in vertical plane of damping panel. Vertical rods extend through support part, pass into stator body base and into foundation.

EFFECT: reduced dynamic pressure applied to foundation slab and increased structural rigidity.

1 dwg

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. The bumper has pendulum suspension means and comprises compression spring cooperating with the base and with the pendulum suspension means. The pendulum suspension means is made as threaded rod connected to spherical washer formed on one end thereof and with threaded bush also attached to spherical washer end not connected with threaded rod. The spherical washers cooperate with not less than 3 balls located on conical surfaces of support members and cooperating with upper spring end and object to be protected against vibration correspondingly. Buffer limiting elastomeric members are installed in base.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. Bumper has resilient member formed as two serially connected elastic resiliently-damping members divided with washer. Pendulum suspension means of the bumper is made as threaded pin having the first end connected to hinged lever and the second end connected to nut and thrust washer, which are connected to bush. The bush is attached to resilient member. The thrust washer is made of resilient material. Resiliently-damping member is formed as pleached strands or tangled wires.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of three-dimensional vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. The bumper has pendulum suspension means made as threaded rod with spherical profile on one rod end and threaded bush also having spherical profile. Both spherical profiles cooperate with conical surfaces of upper and lower plates correspondingly. Resilient member is made as serially connected resilient discs connected with outer bush surface along inner disc diameters. One bush end is fixedly secured to the base, another bush end is slidably installed in guiding bush.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of three-dimensional vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: vibration protection means for building industry, particularly vibroinulated foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath and foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom. The foundation block is higedly connected with bumpers, which in turn are attached to foundation block by means of hinged lever. The lever connects foundation block with support member of bumper. The bumper has pendulum suspension means made as threaded rod with spherical profile on one rod end and threaded bush also having spherical profile. Both spherical profiles cooperate with conical surfaces of upper and lower plates correspondingly. Resilient member is made as serially connected resilient disc means formed as disc springs connected with each other along outer diameters by means of ring having T-shaped profile and along inner diameters by means of ring having inner surface cooperating with outer bush surface. One bush end is fixedly secured to the base, another bush end is slidably installed in guiding bush.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of three-dimensional vibration protection and simplified foundation structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: vibration protection, particularly to erect vibroinsulated foundations for machines and equipment subjected to dynamic loads.

SUBSTANCE: vibroinsulated foundation comprises bath, foundation block arranged in the bath so that the foundation block is spaced from bath walls and bottom and is pivotally connected to vibroinsulators. Each vibroinsulator is attached to foundation block by means of pivoted lever, which connects foundation block with support member of vibroinsulator. Each vibroinsulator has pendulum hanger made as threaded rod with spherical profile on one end thereof and comprises threaded bush fastened to the rod and having spherical profile. Both spherical profiles cooperate with conical surfaces of support vibroinsulator member and upper conical bush correspondingly. The resilient member of vibroinsulator is made as a number of serially connected resilient elements secured to bush along outer diameters thereof. The bush is fixedly connected to vibroinsulator base. Inner resilient element diameters are attached to bush, which encloses rod. One bush end abuts the last resilient element, another end cooperates with upper conical bush. Each annular resilient element may be formed as at least two flat resilient coaxial rings, namely inner and outer ones, which are fastened with each other by at least three resilient flat plates or resilient rods having round or polygonal sections. Each annular resilient element may be formed of at least two flat coaxial resilient rings, namely of upper and lower ones, connected with each other by at least three resilient flat plates, which are inclined to ring axes, or resilient rods having round or polygonal sections.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of volumetric vibroinsulation and simplified structure.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to means of protection against hazardous effect of vibration and may be used in construction, in particular in arrangement of vibration-insulated foundations for machines and equipment with dynamic loads. Foundation on vibroprotective elements comprises bath, foundation unit arranged in it with clearance versus walls and bottom and hingedly joined to vibration isolators installed in bath bottom. Vibration isolators are joined to foundation unit by means of hinged lever, which connects foundation unit to support element of vibration isolator, which comprises elastic element, body and pendulum suspension. Body is arranged in the form of box with lower base and upper plate with hole for threaded pin of pendulum suspension, which are connected to each other by three side ribs, with creation of window for accommodation of support lever, on which vibration-insulated object is arranged. Elastic element is arranged in the form of three serially connected elements: elastic ones and elastic-damping element arranged in between. Elastic elements with one of their bases are installed in bushes, which are fixed accordingly on upper plate of body and cover, and rest against washers with their other bases, and washers are joined with elastic-damping element. Pendulum suspension is arranged in the form of threaded pin, which is connected by one end to support lever for fixation of vibration-insulated object, and by other end - to nut and thrust washer, which is joined to cover attached to elastic element. Elastic-damping element is arranged in the form of steel-wire weaving or metal thread waste.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of spatial vibration insulation and simplified design.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to the field of foundation engineering of deep burial for important objects, such as nuclear power plants. Method for erection of nuclear power plant foundation consists in engineering-geological survey with detection of soil foundation layers depth, which complies with depth of active compressing thickness H, its physical-mechanical properties: angle φ of inner friction, c - specific adhesion, γ - density, E0 - module of common deformation, µ0 - coefficient of Poisson, which correspond to design elastic compressing load under deep buried foundation, in erection of mine pit with shape that corresponds to foundation, filling of filled layer of soil onto mine pit bottom and its compaction, erection of curb with reinforcement frame inside and its filling with high grade concrete. Foundation, which is solid in plan, is given convex spherical shape, which is inscribed in plan into configuration of monolithic foundation by radius of circumference, radius of sphere is identified by given dependencies, as well as maximum angle of elastic semi-contact of foundation sphere with soil foundation, pressure of structural tensile strength of foundation, central critical pressure under center of sphere in maximum elastic base. Bottom of mine pit for concave foundation is arranged with response spherical groove.

EFFECT: improved bearing capacity of foundation, improved elastic contact interaction of foundation with underlying soil foundation.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for erection of foundation under machines consists in deepening of massive reinforced concrete foundation foot of rectangular or prismatic shape in plan into ground base by ≥¼ of its height, but at least 1 m, its hydraulic insulation against hazardous effect of aggressive ground waters and arrangement of centre of gravity of machine and center of gravity of foundation foot area on the same vertical line, at the same time support surface of foundation is accepted as having area calculated according to given dependence. Support surface of foundation, which is rectangular in plan, is arranged with foot of spherical convex shape, at the same time given dependences are used to identify radius, angle of sector of elastic half-contact of sphere with ground, pressure of structural strength of ground for stretching, critical pressure under center of sphere, besides sphere of foundation is deepened. Support spherical surface is prevented against displacements with slippage and against tilting under action of external dynamic load by increasing edge horizontal support part of foundation rectangular in plan, protruding beyond edges of spherical support central surface, or by anchoring foundation to soil by means of piles. Also arrangement of foundation for machines is proposed.

EFFECT: increased bearing capacity, increased service life.

4 cl, 2 ex, 15 dwg

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