Drink liquid feeding system for poultry

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: drink liquid feeding system has continuous water pipeline and watering bowls arranged on upper side of water pipeline. Watering bowls are always positioned on upper side of watering segment of water pipeline. Adjacent watering segments are always connected through intermediate segment of water pipeline. Intermediate segment is arranged at higher level than watering segment.

EFFECT: wider operational capabilities.

19 cl, 9 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates generally to poultry, such as broiler poultry, growing chickens, turkeys, ducks, etc. is provided and the system of distribution of food to feed the bird and distribution system of liquid for feeding poultry drinking fluid. In a General sense the fluid consists of water, although it can be entered supplements. Below the liquid is defined simply as water.

The level of technology

This water distribution system must comply with different standards. First, it should, of course, to make the birds enough water. On the other hand, the system must meet the hygienic requirements. Should be as small as possible water leaks, as it is desirable that the straw Mat used to cover the floor remained dry as possible. In addition, the system must not interfere with the birds, and the system should require as less human intervention for the good work.

In this area there are known various water distribution system, which can be divided into different categories. The first category refers to the so-called bell drinkers. In such systems, which in particular have been developed for turkeys, POI is key arranged around the Central element, to which water is pumped through a vertical feed pipe. The second category refers to the distribution system with long lines or pipelines feed flow essentially along the entire length or width of the house, and each line is equipped with a trough located therein at equal intervals. The present invention relates to water distribution system of this second category.

There are various versions of the execution belonging to this second category, each option has its advantages but also its disadvantages. In the first embodiment, each line is executed in the form of a straight pipe, suspended some distance above the floor and is equipped with nipple drinkers from the bottom side. The height of the pipe relative to the floor is made adjustable, and with the growth of birds height can grow. Nipple drinkers release a drop of water touching the nipple. The idea is that drops from the nipple will come in the beak of birds, the birds will constantly push the beak on the nipple and will be served by new water droplets.

The disadvantage of this solution is that nipple drinkers are hung high enough for birds, since the height of the straight pipe will be chosen so that birds could almost freely pass under the pipe. However, the bird to the floor of the raised water from the trough, should raise the beak up, that is an unnatural position for the birds.

Another drawback is that nipple drinkers allocate water only in the form of drops, and the bird somehow have to take that drop of the beak, which is also unnatural. For a natural way of drinking bird scoops up water from the tank beak, while the water level is lower than the head of a bird.

Another drawback is that nipple drinkers can give only a small amount of water. It takes a great time to bird drank the right amount of water. In addition, nipple drinkers are not suitable for the simultaneous supply of adequate quantity of water of a few birds.

In addition, the disadvantage of this system is that a relatively large amount of water in the form of drops spills on the floor, i.e. leak. In addition, the nipple must allocate drops also, when birds do not press the bill on the nipple, so that the birds could see how they can get drinking water; in other words, the nipple must have a small leak so that also drops dripping on the floor, when the birds don't drink. Dripping drops on the floor leads to the formation of wet spots on the floor under each nipple. Such wet spots increase the risk of bacterial, VI is usnei and fungal infections. Furthermore, the dripping of drops on this wet spot will cause increased release of gaseous ammonia in the house.

To solve the leakage problem known solution in the form of installation of the drip tray of water under each nipple, the specified tray is attached by brackets to the line of feed of the liquid. Although water leakage onto the floor, thus, decreases in the pan, where the collection of water droplets, potentially also collected dust, dirt and microorganisms. In addition, the presence of the drip tray can make it difficult for birds approach to nipple.

Another disadvantage of this known option is that the maximum amount of water that can be taken on each nipple, is relatively low, of the order of 0.1 l/min This is due to the fact that the water supply line is maintained relatively low pressure, of the order of 30 cm nominal water pressure, a maximum of approximately 50 cm water pressure.

In the second embodiment also has a horizontal line, suspended some distance above the floor, with the possibility of changing the height of the suspension. Each distribution point with the main line connected to the branch line, is made essentially in the form of the letter L. More specifically, this branch has a vertical tube segment connected to its in rhym end with the main highway, and the lower end moves in a horizontal pipe segment. Drinking Cup is located at the free end of the specified horizontal pipe segment, on its upper side. This option has a number of disadvantages.

Horizontal pipe segment in the General case runs parallel to the main highway so that the drinking cups are located under the main pipe. This implies that the space for birds, i.e. the height above drinking cups, limited vertical distance between the drinking cups and the horizontal main pipe.

Another major disadvantage of designs made by this variant is that the L-shaped branch is difficult to clean. In the General case, it is desirable that regularly produced flushing pipes in the water supply. This can be given different reasons. First, it may be desirable, as noted above, in water, add additives, such as medicines. At a low flow rate of water in the lines, some additives may precipitate. Another reason is the proliferation of bacteria and algae in virtually stagnant water.

The horizontal line in the General case are connected by one end with the water supply system, for example with water or pump. The horizontal line at the other end overlaps. Flushing is done put the m opening overlying the valve the other end of the horizontal line and, may increase water pressure at the inlet of the horizontal line, causing the water to flow through the main horizontal pipe with a relatively high speed. However, the lines of the branches can not be washed in the same manner as they are made in the form of dead-end branches. In fact, you can develop a line branches so that they could be washed, namely by setting the valve overlying the free end of the horizontal segment of the pipe line branch above the drinking Cup. In normal conditions, the valve is closed, it opens when washing line branches. All of these valves, however, make the system relatively expensive. In addition, it is obvious that the opening and closing of these valves is extremely time-consuming.

Water distribution system made according to the restrictive part of paragraph 1 of the claims, known from the patent US-A-4341182, in which figure 1 depicts the main pipe extending in a horizontal direction with drinking cups, set on top of it. A short distance above the drinking cups is a suspension system for a height-adjustable suspension of the main pipe. The suspension system includes here the push rod is held in the horizontal direction, and pulling the rope, picral the config above it and serving to prevent the use by birds of the rod as a perch.

The lack of water distribution system proposed in patent US-A-4341182, is that the clearance for birds, i.e. the height above drinking cups, limited vertical distance between the drinking cups and the horizontal main pipe. Another important disadvantage is that the bird can not pass under the main horizontal pipe.

The invention

The present invention aims at creating new options for performing such a distribution system in which the above disadvantages of the known solutions would be eliminated or at least significantly reduced.

More specifically, the present invention aims at creating a system of water allocation, which is multi-functional, in other words, with the possibility to use for growing various types of birds, such as chickens, ducks, turkeys, chickens, parent flocks and laying hens, and such a system is, thus, suitable for feeding birds fresh drinking water from the first day (day-old Chicks) to adulthood.

Another objective of the present invention is to propose an improved water distribution system having a high performance.

Another objective of the present invention is to propose an improved water distribution system without Tupi the new plots where can a long time to remain stagnant water, which creates conditions for bacteria and algae, a system that can be completely cleaned by washing. More specifically, the present invention aims to supply water distribution systems, in which there are no dead-end branches.

To achieve the objectives of the water line of an improved water distribution system made according to the invention, made in the form of continuous, mainly horizontally passing pipes, isrelease in the vertical direction and, thus, containing segments of pipe located at a higher level, and the segments of the pipe located at a lower level. Drinking cups are located on the upper side of the segments of the pipe located at a lower level. The pipe will be suspended at such a height that the height of the drinking cups adapts to the size of birds. Birds can freely pass between the points of water distribution, under the upper segments of the pipe. Drinking cups are located directly on the pipe, so there is no dead-end branches between the pipe and drinking cups. Over watering cups does not pass the water supply line so that the clearance above the drinking cups are not limited to the passing line.

Over concr the IDT, the proposed water distribution system containing a continuous line of plumbing and drinking cups, located on the upper side of the water line. Distinguishing features of the system is that the drinking Cup is always located on the upper side of the supply line segment on the water, and the neighbouring watering segments are always connected in series by an intermediate line segment of the water pipe, and an intermediate segment located at a higher level than the supply segment.

In the preferred embodiment, all of the supply segments are essentially on the same lower level and all intermediate segments are essentially on the same a higher level.

At each watering segment may be located one drinking Cup.

All watering segments may have an essentially U-shaped contour, or may be made in the form of a semicircular curved segment.

Drinking the Cup preferably is located on the essentially horizontal part of the supply segment and the intermediate segment preferably is directed essentially horizontally.

In the following a preferred embodiment, the supply segments and intermediate segments are connected to each other by means of connecting segments, preferably directed vertically is.

Drinking cups are particularly preferably connected to the water line to the top edge.

In yet another embodiment, the section line of water containing many consecutive watering segments, the intermediate segment and any of the connecting segments, formed from a single tube, preferably by bending a straight pipe appropriately.

In a further preferred variant of drinking Cup includes a bottom wall in the form of a funnel, and top edge, the top edge is made elongated so that the top edge contains the first two edge areas located opposite each other with a maximum distance between them (length), and two second edge region located opposite to each other with a minimum distance between them (width), and the shape of the upper edge is preferably essentially oval or elliptical.

The longitudinal direction of the elongated upper edge preferably directed parallel to the corresponding supply segment.

In the most preferred embodiment drinking Cup includes a bottom wall in the form of a funnel and the upper edge, and also includes two fastening element arranged opposite one another at the upper edge for connection to the water line, each fastener e is ement preferably made in the form of a U-shaped bracket with two legs, directed outward, and the distance between the legs corresponds to the line width of the water line.

The fasteners preferably are located near these first edge areas with a maximum distance between them.

Alternatively, drinking Cup includes a bottom wall in the form of a funnel and the upper edge, and the wall of the drinking Cup is made curved in the form of a funnel or bowl.

In yet another alternative drinking Cup includes a bottom wall in the form of a funnel and the upper edge, and drinking Cup provided with a surface to prevent splashing, which has holes to install the line segments of the water.

Drinking cups are preferably installed with replacement so that the system is modular. When replacing the cups there is no need to overlap the water supply line, and thus the system will not be removed from service. Each individual drinking Cup can be replaced by drinking a Cup of a different width and/or from one height to another Cup.

In this embodiment, the supply valve is preferably associated with a drinking Cup, and specified the supply valve includes a housing that is hermetically attached to the top wall of the supply segment; drinking Cup includes a bottom provided with a Central of prohodna the hole; housing supply valve passes through the specified Central bore hole made in the bottom of the drinking Cup; the specified edge of the Central bore hole is hermetically connected with the supply valve and the retainer flange is made on the outer surface of the housing supply valve, and the specified Central penetration hole is made in the Central protrusion of the bottom of the drinking Cup, and the specified edge of the Central bore hole based on the specified clamping flange.

The supply valve may be further provided with a circumferential groove in which is mounted an annular sealing element, and in which the specified edge of the Central bore hole based on the specified sealing element.

Drinking Cup is preferably mounted on the supply segment using the mounting bracket, preferably in the form of quick release brackets that attach to the bottom of the drinking Cup and animalsas around drinking segment.

A brief list of figures

These and other aspects, features and advantages of the present invention is described in more detail in the following description, which corresponds to a preferred variant implementation of the water distribution system according to the invention, with reference to the drawings in which the same is Omer positions correspond to the same or comparable parts.

Figure 1 schematically depicts in side view a portion of the water distribution system made in accordance with the present invention.

Figa depicts in enlarged scale schematic side view of a variant of execution of the drinking Cup.

Figv depicts a top view of the line-In figa.

Figs depicts a more detailed view in isometric of this variant execution drinking Cup.

Figa-3C depict a side view, a top view and a view in isometric accordingly scenarios drinking cups, provided with a surface to prevent leaks, together with part of a line of water.

Figure 4 depicts a cross section of drinking Cup with a drinking valve.

Figv depicts options mountings drinking Cup to the line.

Information confirming the possibility of carrying out the invention

1 schematically depicts in side view a part of the system 1 water distribution made in accordance with the present invention. System 1 water distribution contains water line or the water line 10, suitable for the transmission of water. Next, you will use the term "water line". Water line 10 can be made in the form of a tube of suitable material, such as plastic, with a suitable profile, such as round or square. Water line 10 is designed so that h is ordinary be mounted above floor V of the house so so the height could be adjusted relative to the floor.

In the depicted embodiment, the system 1 water distribution contains the horizontal bearing guide or longitudinal section 2, the cross section of which may have suitable circuit, for example, in the form of a three-beam star. Supporting guide 2 may be, however, made for example from a tube of circular or square cross-section. The cross-sectional shape of the carrier rail 2 separately not shown. Supporting guide 2 is suspended using a winch system that contains the cables 3 and the pulley 4 to the rope hanging from the ceiling (not shown) above the house. The height of the supporting rail 2 can be changed using the winch system, and it is clear to experts in the field of technology.

Water line 10 is attached to the carrier rail 2 by means of mounting brackets or mounting cables 5. In an alternative embodiment, the water line 10 can be mounted directly using the winch system, without the use of carrier guide 2 between them, but the use of carrier rail has the advantage, in particular, that the system is more durable, while the water line may be of relatively light construction and therefore relatively nor is such the cost of manufacturing.

Water line 10 is divided into consecutive segments 11, 12, 13. The segments 11, 12, 13 are in order one after another in a stream of water and, thus, form a long continuous water line 10. The segments 11, 12, 13, however, is not physically located in a line relative to each other. More specifically, the segments are located at different heights relative to each other.

System 1 water distribution also contains a drinking Cup 20, is attached directly to the upper side of the water line 10. As described in more detail below, drinking cups 20 can be filled with water from the cavity to the water line 10. Drinking cups 20 can be made as known in fact drinking cups.

Drinking cups 20 are so designed and located at such a height that the birds can drink from them easily and naturally. Thus, the line segments of the pipeline 10, to which is attached a drinking Cup 20 will be defined as "drinking segment 11. The height H11 drinking segment 11 with respect to gender V is also defined herein as "drinking height. Specified watering the height H11 is adapted, using the above winch system, a type of bird for which it is intended.

Birds can move freely around drinking cups 20. For this purpose, the water line 10 who meet the segments between successive watering segments 11, which will be hereinafter defined as "intermediate segments 12. As clearly seen in figure 1, the intermediate segments 12 are located at a higher level than the supply segments 11, so that the distance H12 vertically between the intermediate segments 12 and Paul V made sufficient so that the birds could easily pass under the intermediate segments 12. Specified distance H12 vertically is also defined below as the "gate height.

In the specified preferred embodiment, all watering segments 11 are essentially on the same lower level H11. Also preferably, all intermediate segments were located essentially on the same a higher level H12.

The vertical distance between the drinking segment 11 and the intermediate segment 12 is always blocked by a segment defined hereafter as "the connecting segment 13. The length of the connecting segments 13 essentially corresponds to the difference H12-H11) and is also defined as H13 below; this size in practice is adapted to the type of birds for which they are intended system.

System 1, therefore, provides for the birds comfort when drinking, they can drink from cups naturally, several birds together, while they can almost freely pass between olnine cups.

System 1 is also hygienic. The use of drinking cups implies that water leakage will be minimal. Due to the fact that these drinking cups attached directly to the upper part of the continuous line of water, and thus there is no dead-end branches in the system, when not creating areas with standing water, and all contained in the system water can be easily refreshed by washing.

Figure 1 overall clearance above drinking cups 20 is marked with the letter N. The specified dimensions of the lumen of N corresponds to a vertical distance between the drinking cups 20 and the carrier rail 2 and depends, in particular, on the length H13 connecting segments 13 and the length of the mounting bracket 5. Overall lumen N. also, in practice, adapted to the type of birds for which the water distribution system is designed. Overall ground clearance of N should not be too small because otherwise the construction would interfere with the birds while drinking. Overall ground clearance of N should be, however, not too large, because otherwise the birds can use drinking cups as a perch.

Water line 10 with the pipe segments located at different heights, can be configured in various ways. For example, it is possible to supply the segments 11, the intermediate segments 12 and soedinitelnye segments 13 are in the form of straight sections of pipe, United with each other at an angle at their respective ends. However, preferably, these segments passed from one to another in the form of a smooth pipe. For this purpose, the segments can be bent at their ends. It is also possible to supply the segments 11, the intermediate segments 12 and the connecting segments 13 are in the form of straight sections of pipe are connected to each other by curved curved segments,

In a special embodiment, the drinking segment 11 has a U-shaped contour, or drinking segment 11 made in the form of a semicircular curved segment.

It is also possible that the water line 10 consisted of separate segments that are connected to each other, for example, with adhesive. However, this method of production results in a relatively high cost. The above line segments of the water supply system 10, therefore, preferably made as a single part by bending a continuous straight pipe as desired.

In this process the starting point may be a straight length of pipe of relatively large length for the formation of sections of water line that contains multiple consecutive segments 11, 12, 13. For the production line of water desired length, depending on the place of use and which may be many tens of meters, a few of these with the capabilities of connect with each other. This section preferably contains at least one supply element 11, two connecting segments 13, United with him, and the two halves of the intermediate segments 12. However, more preferably, this section contains several watering segments, for example from two to six, including intermediate segments and connecting the segments located between them, ending the two halves of the intermediate segments.

As shown in figure 1, the connecting segments 13 may be directed vertically. Within the framework of the invention it is not essential, as the United inclined segments 13 between watering segments 11 and intermediate segments 12 will form a water distribution system, a crucial task in accordance with the present invention, and the connecting segments 13, arranged obliquely, can provide the advantage of reduced resistance during washing line plumbing. In addition, from the point of view of production, it may be easier if the connecting segments 13 is not exactly directed vertically. However, if the connecting segments 13 are directed essentially vertically, free gate length L between two consecutive drinking cups 20 should be as large as possible.

Horizontal size drinking cups 20 may be is selected in accordance with the type of birds for which they are intended water distribution system. Figure 1 shows that the horizontal distance between two successive, essentially vertically directed segments 13, indicated by the letter " W " is the width of the drinking Cup 20 so that as far as possible the space between successive watering cups 20 could be used by birds as a free space for the passage.

The number of drinking cups per linear metre line, in principle, can be chosen freely; in an embodiment, suitable recognized, four drinking cups are for every three meters in length horizontally, but this figure if necessary may vary, and in most, and in the lower side.

On figs depicted in the isometric drawing of the drinking Cup 20, figa depicts a side view of this option, perform the drinking Cup 20, and figv depicts specified drinking Cup in the top view cross-section along the line b-b In figa. As seen on figa, drinking segment 11 line water pipe 10 can be performed not only in the form of a segment of pipe, bent in the form of a semicircle, but that its Central part, i.e. the lower part of the drinking segment 11 may contain a portion of the horizontal segment. On FIGU shown that the water line 10 in this embodiment is made in the form Proc. of the least square cross-section, but this pipe may be circular or have another section of the form.

Drinking cups 20 containing a bottom 24, a funnel-shaped wall 21 and the upper edge 22. Funnel-shaped wall 21 drinking Cup 20 can be made in the form of a conical element, i.e. with straight profile walls. However, the walls 21 drinking Cup 20 is preferably curved in the shape of a funnel or bowl, as shown in the drawing. This provides a double effect. First, the space between the drinking Cup 20 and drinking segment 11, marked on figa number 23 position becomes greater than it would be if the drinking Cup 20 would have straight walls 21, so that the specified space 23 is easier to clean. Less likely accumulation here remnants of feed and straw.

Secondly, the curved shape of the wall 21 provides the best direction of the bird's beak from the edge 22 to the center of the bottom 24 of the drinking Cup. On the specified day 24, as will be described in more detail below, valve 50 is shown schematically in figv through which water can flow from the inner space of the pipe 10 to the drinking Cup 20 when the valve is to touch. Typically the watering Cup is an adequate amount of water, and this water is consumed by birds from a Cup. Decreasing water level in the drinking Cup 20 birds will be forced to lower its key is s deeper into the drinking Cup 20. When they will touch beaks above the valve, water will again flow into the drinking Cup 20 and the water level in the drinking Cup to rise again.

The top edge 22 of the drinking Cup 20 can be made of any desired shape, such as round shape. Famous drinking cups have a round contour. However, preferably, as shown in FIGU-2C, so that the top edge was of elongated form, preferably an elongated circular shape. Shows the top edge 22 includes two first edge region 22A, located opposite each other with a maximum distance between them (length), and two second edge region 22B, located opposite each other with a minimum distance between them (width). The shape of the edge 22 may be described as an oval or elliptical shape. It is also possible that the edge 22 of the drinking Cup 20 would have a rectangular shape, with rounded corners.

The advantages achieved by the use of elongated contour of the upper edge 22 of the drinking Cup 20, consist in the fact that the surface bounded by the specified upper edge 22, is relatively small, whereas the length of the specified edge 22 is relatively high. This surface is one of the factors that affect the amount of feed residues, straw and dust which will be collected in drinking cups; as the decrease is of the specified surface of the watering Cup will get less feed leftovers, straw and dust. The specified length is associated with the number of birds that can simultaneously convenient to drink from a drinking Cup; increasing the length of the drinking Cup can serve a larger number of birds. This applies in particular to part (22B) edges 22 passing between the two connecting segments 13 line water pipe 10, as at this point the birds are approaching a drinking Cup most often. While drinking the birds will peck the remnants of food and straw, in drinking the Cup that actually implies that the rate at which the remnants of food and straw will be removed from drinking cups, may increase with the specified length. Thus, drinking Cup, which, according to the present invention, is made of elongated form, provides a better balance between the accumulation of residues, fodder, straw and dust in drinking the Cup, on the one hand, and easy slavyana these balances birds, on the other hand. By optimization of the specified form in accordance with the present invention, the accumulation of residues, fodder, straw and dust in the drinking Cup can be minimized.

In the top view, figw, you can see that the bottom 24 of the drinking Cup 20 may be made of a round shape, but the bottom 24 can also be done elongated shape corresponding to the elongated shape of the upper edge 22, when necessary.

Drinking Cup 20, therefore, has a different transverse dimensions, measured in mutually perpendicular directions. On species figv and 2C longitudinal direction of the drinking Cup 20 is shown as parallel to the longitudinal direction of the drinking segment 11. However, it is also possible that the longitudinal axis of the shaped drinking Cup was held perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the drinking segment 11 in the position of the bottom of the drinking Cup 20.

In principle, it is sufficient if drinking Cup 20 is attached at its bottom 24 to drinking segment 11. However, preferably, as shown in figa and 2B to drinking Cup 20 also was attached to the line of the water pipe 10 at its upper edge 22. For this purpose, the drinking Cup 20 is provided with two fastening elements 30 attached to the upper edge 22 or formed on the edge in positions opposite to each other. In the depicted embodiment, the specified fasteners 30 are made essentially in the form of U-shaped brackets with tabs 31 directed horizontally outwards. The distance between the two legs 31 of each U-shaped bracket 30 corresponds to the line width of the water line 10. When the drinking Cup 20 is installed in the desired position specified by drinking the first Cup is moved horizontally under the carrier rail 2 in position over the supply of CE is a COP-11, and then drinking the Cup is moved vertically between the connecting segments 13 in the direction of the drinking segment 11. During this process, the U-shaped mounting bracket 30 will be automatically Obinitsa around the connecting segments 13.

If necessary, you can attach the bracket 30 to the connecting segments 13, for example, with screws, but it's not necessary.

The presence of these brackets 30 provides a more durable installation of drinking cups 20 on drinking segment 11 so that they become more resistant to harsh impacts that may be created, for example, turkeys. In addition, increases the stability of the whole system, because the drinking Cup 20 form a bond in the form of a triangle between the connecting segments 13 and supply segments 11.

Drinking Cup 20, is depicted in FIGU-2C, are of such dimensions that the upper edge 22 enters the connecting segment 13. Of course, if the system is designed for growing turkeys, it may be desirable to provide drinking Cup more edge, to prevent splashing. On figa-3C shows such an embodiment with increased drinking Cup 20. In fact, the Central part of the specified increased drinking Cup matches less drinking Cup, but in this case, the wall 21 drinking cups 20 are further Nar is Zhu and go to the surface 40 to prevent splashing, the surface 40 is provided with two holes 41 for passing them in the connecting segments 13. In this case, the surface 40 to prevent splashing crimped around the connecting segments, thus, the above-described bracket 30 may not be used, but they may also be present, and in this case, these brackets preferably are located on the lower side of the drinking Cup, as clearly shown in figa.

Holes 41 can along its entire length to have a width equal to the width of the connecting segments 13 of the water line 10, but this is not essential. As shown in figs, these holes 41 can be made quite narrow around the edges 42 of the surface 40 to prevent splashing, and at some distance from the outer edge 42 they move into the wider portion covering the connecting segment 13. During the installation of the drinking Cup 20 surface material 40 to prevent splashing will deform to pass through the holes line segments of the pipeline 10, for which drinking Cup, or, in any case, the surface 40 to prevent splashing must be made of relatively thin and flexible material.

Figure 4 shows a transverse section of the supply valve 50 with a part of the drinking Cup 20. Policykey 50 includes a housing 51, which is directed in the axial direction of the channel 52 for water passing through the housing 51. The specified channel for water is blocked at its upper end with the valve body is made in such a way that it is in the normal position closes the channel 52 to water, even at a high water pressure, and the valve body opens the channel 52 to water only when the valve body moves under the influence of external force. As such valve is essentially known, their internal structure will not be described here in more detail.

As can be seen in figure 4, the valve body contains essentially located along the axis of the rod 53 passing in the channel 52 for water, and at its free end it has a flange 57. Under the flange 57 around the rod 53 is the disk 59, also defined as the reflector, the said disk is free to move along the rod 53, or may be fixedly mounted relative to the specified terminal. This design housing valve supply valve 50, together with the relatively high pressure in the water line 10 creates the effect of self-regulation and the desired low level of water in the drinking Cup.

When the bird touches the beak end of the rod 53 and opens the channel 52 for water, a small stream of water ejected from the channel 52 for water with high pressure, due to obvious in the high pressure line 10. In response to a jet of water spurting out of the channel 52, the bird immediately removes his beak back, so that the total amount of water is small. Thus, a relatively short pulse of water with a relatively high energy out of the channel 52, refers to the inner side of the reflector 59 and thus is discarded to the side and down. This creates a water vortex in drinking the Cup, resulting in the remnants of food or straw present in drinking the Cup, do not settle to the bottom and remain suspended in the water, so the remnants of food or straw can be damaged drinking birds.

In addition, the water level in drinking the Cup remains low, as the water pulse lasts only for a short time. This is an advantage, firstly, due to the fact that the number of microorganisms that breed in water, will be minimal. Secondly, it is an advantage because birds are relatively frequent banging his beak on the rod 53, and the vortices will be created in the water relatively often, which will contribute to the creation of a self-cleaning effect.

The supply valve 50 is made self-supporting, and he sealed on drinking segment 11 line water pipe 10, and the channel 52 for water communicates with the internal part of a line of water 10. For this purpose, the supply valve may, for example, saving is introduced in the supply segment. In the depicted embodiment, the lower portion 58 of the housing 51 compressed annular sealing element 60 in the hole in the upper wall of the drinking segment 11, the specified annular sealing element 60 provides a seal between the above part 58 of the housing 51 and the top wall of the supply segment. As the material of the annular sealing element 60 can be used rubber or other suitable material. Clamping force is made sufficient to hold the supply valve 50 thus, to withstand a certain amount of water pressure in the water line 10.

On the outer surface of the housing 51 is made retainer flange 54 located at some distance from the lower end. The outer diameter of the retainer flange 54 is made larger than the diameter of the annular sealing element 60. During normal use of the retainer flange 54 exerts pressure on the annular sealing element 60.

The bottom 24 of the drinking Cup 20 has a Central protrusion 25. The specified projection, in other words, the bottom 24, has a Central bore hole 26, the diameter of which is smaller than the diameter of the flange 54 watering valve 50. Drinking Cup 20 is located above the supply valve 50 line 10, and the housing 51 passes through the Central bore hole 26 in the bottom 24 of the drinking Cup 20, the flange 27 of the specified Central bore hole 26 rests on the upper edge of the flange 54.

When the drinking Cup 20 is fixed on the line 10 so that the edge 27 of the specified Central bore hole 26 presses on the upper edge of the flange 54, the specified flange 54, in turn, presses on the annular sealing element 60, which ensures a reliable seal against leakage of water.

The edge 27 of the Central bore hole 26 may be tightly fitted around the casing 51 supply valve 50 and to provide a seal along the upper surface of the flange 54. However, in the case 51, in other words the watering valve 50, preferably circumferential groove 55, directly above the flange 54, in which is mounted a sealing ring 56, such as a rubber o-ring 56 and the like, and the outer diameter of the specified ring is made larger than the outer diameter of the housing 51. The Central bore hole 26 has a diameter greater than the outer diameter of the housing 51, but smaller than the outer diameter of the specified o-rings 56. This means that there are no high requirements to accuracy of manufacturing drinking Cup 20 and the supply valve 50, but this provides an effective seal against leakage of water.

Mount drinking cups 20 on drinking segment 11 can be performed mainly by means of the clamping bracket 80, preferably with the aid of the d bracket quick installation, attached to the bottom 24 of the drinking Cup 20 and animalsas around drinking segment 11. On FIGU shows two possible variants of execution of this attachment. Since it is also possible to use other fastening means, this aspect is not described in more detail.

Because of these structural components installation of drinking cups is extremely simple, removal or replacement of drinking cups are also extremely easy, if necessary. Drinking Cup can be simply moved up by removing the above brackets or remove other optional fastening means. The supply valve 50 may, however, remain in their position sealed on line water pipe 10, so there is no need for pressure relief in the system, and thus, the output system of work. This makes possible the removal of individual drinking cups, for example, for cleaning or repair without removing the entire system from working.

Thus, an improved water distribution system made in accordance with the present invention, has a modular design, which means that drinking cups fixed with a replaceable and can be replaced individually to other cups with different settings, without the need of overlap highway water supply, and therefore, it is Timoti output system of work. More specifically, each individual drinking Cup can be replaced, for example, drinking a Cup of a different width and/or different heights, while the valve remains installed on the line and provides the water shut off.

In the present invention, it is thus proposed system 1 water distribution with a continuous water line 10. Drinking Cup 20 is installed on watering the segments 11 of the water line 10. Between watering segments 11 water line 10 contains intermediate segments 13, located at a higher level than the supply segments 11. Drinking cups are located at the level appropriate for the birds to drink, and intermediate segments are located at the level appropriate for the smooth passage of birds under the said intermediate segments. The whole line system can be cleaned by washing, with no dead-end branches. The top edge 22 drinking cups 20 are predominantly attached to a vertically oriented line segments.

System 1 water distribution has a modular design. Drinking Cup 20 is attached with a replaceable and can be replaced individually to other cups with different settings, without the need of overlap highway water supply, and thus, without the necessity of withdrawing the system from working.

For professionals it is obvious the bottom, the scope of the present invention is not limited to the examples described above, but various changes and modifications of the invention are possible without departing from the scope of the invention defined in the claims. For example, it is possible to install several drinking cups for drinking segment 11.

1. Water distribution system containing a continuous water line (10) and drinking cups (20)located on the upper side of the water line (10), characterized in that the drinking of the Cup (20) is always located on the upper side of the supply segment (11) of the line water line (10)with the neighbouring watering segments (11) are always connected in series by an intermediate segment (12) line line (10), and the intermediate segment (12) is located at a higher level than the supply segment (11).

2. Water distribution system according to claim 1, characterized in that all the supply segments (11) are essentially on the same lower level (H11), and all intermediate segments (12) are essentially on the same a higher level (H12).

3. Water distribution system according to claim 1, characterized in that each supply segment (11) is one drinking Cup (20).

4. Water distribution system according to claim 1, characterized in that all the supply segments (11) are essentially U-shaped contour, or they are made in the ideal semicircular curved segment.

5. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) is essentially horizontal part of the supply segment (11).

6. Water distribution system according to claim 1, characterized in that the intermediate segments (12) is directed essentially horizontally.

7. Water distribution system according to claim 1, characterized in that the supply segments (11) and intermediate segments (12) are connected to each other through the connecting segments (13), preferably directed vertically.

8. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) is connected to the water line (10) at the upper edge (22).

9. Water distribution system according to claim 1, characterized in that section of water line (10)containing the set of consecutive watering segments (11), the intermediate segments (12) and any available connection segments (13), formed from a single tube preferably by bending a straight pipe appropriately.

10. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) includes a bottom (24), wall (21) in the form of a funnel and the upper edge (22), with the upper edge (22) is made elongated so that the upper edge (22) contains two first edge region (22A)located opposite each other with a maximum distance between them (length), and two WTO is s edge region (22V), located opposite to each other with a minimum distance between them (width), and the shape of the upper edge (22) is preferably essentially oval or elliptical.

11. The water distribution system of claim 10, wherein the longitudinal direction of the elongated shape of the upper edge (22) is directed parallel to the corresponding supply segment (11).

12. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) includes a bottom (24), wall (21) in the form of a funnel and the upper edge (22), and also contains two of the fastening element (30)arranged opposite one another at the upper edge (22)for connection to the water line (10), each fastening element (30) is preferably in the form of a U-shaped bracket with two legs (31), directed outwards, and the distance between the legs (31) corresponds to the width line water line (10).

13. The water distribution system of claim 10 or 12, characterized in that the said fastening elements (30) are located near these first edge regions (22A) with a maximum distance between them.

14. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) includes a bottom (24), wall (21) in the form of a funnel and the upper edge (22), and wall (21) drinking Cup (20) is made of a curved shape in the form of a funnel or bowl.

15. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) includes a bottom (24), wall (21) in the form of a funnel and the upper edge (22), and drinking Cup provided with a surface (40) to prevent splashing, which has a hole (41) for loading the segments (13) line line (10).

16. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) is installed with replacement so that the system is modular.

17. Water distribution system according to item 16, wherein the supply valve (50) is associated with drinking the Cup (20)specified the supply valve includes a housing (51), sealed on the top wall of the supply segment (11); drinking Cup (20) includes a bottom (24), equipped with a Central orifice (26); a housing (51) supply valve (50) passes through the specified Central penetration hole (26)made in the bottom (24) drinking Cup (20); edge (27) of the said Central bore holes (26) are tightly connected with the supply valve (50), and the retainer flange (54) is performed on the outer surface of the housing (51) supply valve (50), and the specified Central penetration hole (26) is made in the Central projection (25) of the bottom (24) drinking Cup (20)and the flange (27) of the said Central bore hole based on the specified fixing lanes (54).

18. Water distribution system through 17, characterized in that the supply valve (50) is provided with a circumferential groove (55), in which is mounted an annular sealing element (56), and in which the edge (27) of the said Central bore hole (26) based on the specified sealing element (56).

19. Water distribution system according to claim 1, wherein the drinking Cup (20) is fixed on drinking segment (11) with mounting bracket (80), preferably in the form of quick release brackets that attach to the bottom (24) drinking Cup (20) and animalsas around drinking segment (11).



 

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