Electrolyzer

FIELD: medical instrument making, namely apparatuses for preparing ecologically safe electrically activated water.

SUBSTANCE: electrolyzer includes two electrodes (one electrode of stainless steel and other electrode of carbon); bridge type voltage rectifier; electric circuit plug; membrane; second doubled membrane - cover, for example of tracing paper or canvas; glass vessel; low-resistance voltage divider with taps; array of light emitting diodes with additional resistors whose number corresponds to that of taps; housing of electrolyzer. Plug is connected with inlets of bridge type voltage rectifier; negative outlet of voltage rectifier is connected with electrode of stainless steel. Second positive-polarity outlet of voltage rectifier is connected through low-resistance voltage divider with taps to carbon electrode arranged in second membrane-cover. All cathode ends of light emitting diodes with additional resistors are connected in parallel and they are connected with positive outlet of voltage rectifier; second ends of said diodes are connected with respective taps of low-resistance voltage divider.

EFFECT: possibility for displaying information concerning activation degree of water at preparing it for medical purposes, preparation of ecologically safe anolyte.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of medical instrumentation and can be used for the production of electroactivated water.

A device for the production of electroactivated water [1]. It contains: electrical plug, the voltage rectifier of alternating current, two carbon electrodes and the membrane, a glass container, a dual switch for three terms and two LEDs. Output terminals of the power plug is connected to the inputs of the rectifier, the outputs of which are connected to the middle contact of the dual switch for three positions, one pair cross at its contacts connected between themselves and with two LEDs and is connected to the output of positive polarity of the rectifier, and a second pair of cross at its contacts interrelated and connected directly to the output of negative polarity rectifier.

The device operation is based on switching the polarity of the voltage applied to the electrodes by means of a double switch in the following way. When applying to the electrode a positive potential is loosening this carbon electrodes, and connecting it to the negative potential leads to the deposition on it water-soluble salts (carbonates) and its hardening. LEDs are used to indicate the polarity of the voltage is th, applied to the electrodes when the switching.

The closest in technical essence to the proposed device is the device [2] (see figure 1), containing the electric plug 1, the voltage rectifier AC to DC bridge type - 2, two electrodes 3 and 4, made of stainless steel, located in the casing 7, the membrane 5 and a glass bowl - 6.

Output terminals of the power plug 1 is connected to the inputs of the voltage rectifier bridge type 2, the electrode 3 is connected to the output of the negative polarity voltage rectifier bridge type 2 and the electrode 4 is connected to the output of the positive polarity voltage rectifier bridge type 2 and placed inside the membrane 5. It has the shape of a Cup and is made of canvas fabric. The electrode 3 connected to the output of the negative polarity voltage rectifier bridge type 2, is located between the membrane 5 and the glass container 6.

The device operates as follows. The membrane 5 (canvas glass) and glass container 6 is filled with water. A glass container 6 is served on top of the housing of the electrolytic cell 7 so that the positive electrode is inside the membrane 5 and the second electrode 3 connected to the output of the negative polarity voltage rectifier bridge type 2, will be located between the membrane 5 and the glass is th capacity 6 cell. Electric plug 1 is included in an electric circuit of alternating current, which is converted into DC voltage by the voltage rectifier bridge type 2, and inside the membrane with 5 omitted where the electrode positive polarity, is formed analyte, i.e. the solution with an excess of positively charged hydrogen ions and water between the membrane 5 and tank 6 - catholyte, i.e. the solution with an excess of negatively charged ions hydroxyl group.

The drawback of both these devices is the lack of information about the quality of cooking electroactivated water, which is determined for Catolica alkalinity of the solution, and the anolyte is its acidity. The degree of acidity and alkalinity corresponds to the pH. PH equal to 7.0 (neutral water pH greater than 7 is alkaline and a pH less than 7 is acidic. In the preparation of electroactivated water due to the presence of semi-conducting membrane around one electrode accumulates the anolyte, the other catholyte. Therefore, over time, increasing their concentration increases the potential difference between the electrodes and increases the current. The current value is proportional to the pH value. It is used in the proposed device. For this purpose the device is introduced to a low-resistance voltage divider with branches, and the LEDs have a different roll is, than analog. They pointed out the sign of the polarity of the voltage applied to the electrode, here they determined the degree of concentration pH electroactivated water

The invention is aimed at obtaining information about the quality of cooking electroactivated water pH value in the process of its production.

This is achieved by the fact that in an electrolytic cell containing an electrode made of stainless steel, voltage rectifier bridge type electrical plug, a membrane, a glass bowl and an electric plug connected to the inputs of the rectifier, and one of its outputs connected to the electrode of stainless steel, entered the low-resistance voltage divider with taps, set of LEDs with additional resistors on the number of taps, the second two-layer membrane-case (for example, tracing paper and canvas), and carbon electrode placed in the second two-layer membrane-case and low-resistance voltage divider with taps connected between the rectifier output positive polarity and coal electrode, all of the cathode ends of the diodes are connected via an additional resistor in parallel and connected to the output of the rectifier positive polarity, and the second ends of the LEDs connected to the respective taps of the voltage divider.

Diagram of the device is presented in figure 2. It contains the electrical plug - 1, the voltage rectifier bridge type - 2, the electrode stainless steel - 3, carbon electrode 4, the membrane 5, a glass bowl - 6, the second two-layer membrane-case (for example, tracing paper and canvas), and carbon electrode placed in the second two-layer membrane-case 7, the low-resistance voltage divider with taps - 8, a set of LEDs with an additional resistor 9 and the casing of the cell is 10.

Electric plug 1 is connected to the inputs of the rectifier 2, and one of its outputs connected to the electrode stainless steel 3 introduced a low-resistance voltage divider with 8 taps, set of LEDs with additional resistors 9 by the number of taps, the second two-layer membrane - case 7 (for example, tracing paper and canvas), and the carbon electrode 4 is placed in the second two-layer membrane-case 7 and the low-resistance voltage divider with 8 taps connected between the rectifier output 2 positive polarity and the carbon electrode 4, all of the cathode ends of the diodes 9 are connected via an additional resistor in parallel and connected to the output rectifier 2 positive polarity, and the second ends of the LEDs 9 are connected to the respective taps of the voltage divider 8.

It works as follows. The membrane 5 (canvas glass) and glass container 6 is filled with water. A glass container 6 is served from the top to posom cell 10 thus, to a carbon electrode 4 placed in the second two-layer membrane - case (for example, tracing paper and canvas) - 7, was inside the membrane 5. The electrode stainless steel - 3 connected to the negative output of the rectifier bridge type 2 must be between the membrane 5 and the glass container 6 electrolyzer. Electric plug 1 is included in an electric circuit of alternating current. It is converted into a DC voltage by the rectifier bridge type 2. If this led is not lit. When the electrolyzer is increasing the current increases the voltage drop across the resistors low ohmic voltage divider with 8 taps, and when it reaches the ignition voltage of the LEDs, set of 8, they will begin to glow. To protect the LEDs from overload consistently with them included resistors limiting the current of the LEDs. The first led will light up VD1, which bypasses the whole low-resistance voltage divider. Indeed, since the current I1in the series connected resistors of the divider runs the same, then the voltage drop throughout the divisor is greater than its parts. For example, for the three gradations of control acidity in the current I1voltage I1(R1+R2+R3)=UT1will light up one led VD1, and this corresponds to pH 6. Current increases to the value of 2(pH 4), the voltage of I2(R1+R2)=Udm2and will light two light emitting diode VD1 and VD2; while I3(pH 2), I3R1=ULED3and will be lit all three LEDs. Thus, the number of illuminated LEDs is determined by the degree of acidity prepared electroactivated water, corresponding to the concentration of pH. If necessary, increase the accuracy of the pH control of the electroactivated water number of resistors low ohmic voltage divider with taps, LEDs with additional resistors will increase accordingly.

The use of this device in medicine will directly in the preparation of electroactivated water to know the degree of its activation, which is necessary when it is used for treatment of various diseases.

Literature

1. RF patent No. 17920 useful model “the Cell”, the authors Iridoplasty, Eaaav, BI No. 13, 2001.

2. Living water. / Comp. Lespresso. - Minsk.: "Paradox", 1998. - 128 S. - (Ser. "The Council without a visit").

The cell containing the electrode of stainless steel, voltage rectifier bridge type electrical plug, a membrane, a glass container, the body of the cell, with an electric plug connected to the inputs of the rectifier, and one of its outputs connected to the electrode of stainless steel, great for the present, however, that device is introduced to a low-resistance voltage divider with taps, set of LEDs with additional resistors on the number of taps, the second two-layer membrane is the case, for example, from tracing paper and canvas, and a carbon electrode placed in the second two-layer membrane-case and low-resistance voltage divider with branches included between the output of the positive polarity voltage rectifier bridge type and carbon electrode, and all of the cathode ends of the diodes are connected via an additional resistor in parallel and connected to the output of positive polarity voltage rectifier bridge type, and the second ends of the LEDs connected to the respective taps of the low resistance voltage divider.



 

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The invention relates to the field of medicine, veterinary medicine, Microbiology, ecology
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