Method and complex for preparing of bottled oxygen- saturated water

FIELD: processes and equipment for treatment of water with oxygen-containing gas, water bottling and treatment of bottles for adequate storage of water, may be used in industrial enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: method involves producing oxygen-saturated water by ejection-floatation mixing of water with oxygen-containing gas; bottling oxygen-saturated water and capping, with gas-and-vapor H2O2+O2 mixture synthesized by plasma chemotronical method being used in all above operations. Complex of equipment comprises ejection-floatation unit for oxygen saturation of water and installation for supplying and bottling of oxygen-saturated water.

EFFECT: improved quality of bottled oxygen-saturated potable water, increased storage time and reduced consumption of power and materials.

4 cl, 1 dwg, 4 tbl

 

The present invention relates to chemical technology and engineering water treatment and packaging for storage, filling and corking quality of water in airtight containers, prepared for long-term storage.

The invention can be used in industrial production of high-quality water. The specific implementation of the invention it is planned in the industrial production of bottled kislorodozawisimae drinking water and drinks with trademarks “SUPERMODE”, “HYDROXY”, “LIGHT WATER”, “JUICE of LIFE” and others.

Analysis of scientific-technical and patent information [1, 2] shows that in the known technical solutions, the oxygen saturation can be accomplished by mixing the oxygen-containing gas with water and less effectively by spraying (spray) water in the oxygen-containing gas with subsequent coalescence (sticking together) of droplets of water and diversion of the gas mixture.

In the first case, the oxygen is in the water in the form of tiny bubbles of oxygen-containing gas, of which molecular oxygen adsorbed water interphase gas - liquid and saturates the water.

In the second case, the oxygen is oxygen-containing gas, in which a spray of tiny droplets of water. Molecular oxygen adsorbed water interphase liquid - gas.

The interfacial boundary of the bubble oxygen-containing gas in the water and water droplets in the oxygen-containing gas may be charged by the electric field, the photons of high energies, surface-active agent and other physico-chemical conditions that affect the depth of saturation of water with oxygen and the rate of transition of molecular oxygen through the interfacial boundary.

Known method of preparing bottled kislorodozawisimae drinking water and equipment for its implementation [3].

In this way, as well as in pressure flotation [2, s], the water is injected under pressure (6 MPa) and low temperature (not more than 10° (C) oxygen. Then supersaturated with oxygen water spray into the air stream under reduced pressure (3 MPa) and low temperature. Enriched oxygen from droplets of supersaturated oxygen water air is mixed under pressure with air-conditioned drinking water in a separate pressure accumulation tank, from which it is sent for bottling.

The method also provides for the mixing of two gases (O2and CO2)used to improve the taste of drinking kislorodozawisimae water.

Supersaturated oxygen in an environmentally friendly way [3] with the oxygen concentration of 10 to 40 mg O2l H 2O drinking water is directed under pressure to the bottling. After the operation of filling the bottle with kislorodozawisimae water clog. Airtight containers (bottles and caps) pre-sterilized known methods [1].

The complex of equipment for implementing the method [3] includes installation of saturation of water with oxygen, consisting of series-connected cumulative pressure vessels (columns) for collecting and processing water oxygen-containing gas under pressure, an auxiliary equipment to support the installation of saturation of water with oxygen excess pressure and low temperature, installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles, connected by pipeline to the installation of saturation of water with oxygen.

Building complex patent [3] is the most similar (according to the set of equipment required for the production of bottled kislorodozawisimae drinking water) in the claimed technical solution.

Disadvantages of the method of preparation of bottled kislorodozawisimae water [3]:

- unstable supersaturated oxygen status of drinking water, poured into bottles under pressure during storage and when opening a sealed bottle);

- high energy consumption for the process of saturation of water with oxygen, related the data with maintenance of overpressure in the columns, low water temperature and flow rate of oxygen-containing gas.

The disadvantages of complex equipment for implementing the method [3]:

- high energy and material intensity of the equipment saturation of water with oxygen;

- the penetration of microorganisms during filling kislorodozawisimae water in bottles and sealing plugs (disinfected bottles from microorganisms to the operation of bottling);

- the possibility of ignition in oxygen at a pressure of engine oil, a couple of which can be accessed from the auxiliary equipment in the installation of saturation of water with oxygen.

There is a method of cooking kislorodozawisimae drinking water and installation for its implementation in the industrial production of bottled water [4].

This method consists of mixing oxygen-containing gas processed chilled water under pressure (as in pressure flotation [2, s]) to obtain supersaturated oxygen status of the treated water.

Unlike technical solutions [3] drinking water pre-treatment reverse osmosis and electrolysis method.

Energy-intensive physical and chemical processes used in the installation of saturation of water with oxygen [4] to improve the stability of supersaturated oxygen state is of water by reducing the concentration of salts in the water and enter into the water charged bubbles N 2+O2electrolysis gas.

Known physico-chemical methods of pre-treatment of drinking water have a number of disadvantages:

the electrolysis of water causes pollution of drinking water by the products of electrolysis (active chlorine, heavy metal ions);

- desalination by reverse osmosis to the level of distillate negative effect on the cells of the esophagus (causing them osmotic shock).

For clean oxygenated drinking water of the above methods pre-treatment can be used only modified electrolysis to generate oxygen-containing gas mixture H2+O2[5].

Products pollution oxygen-containing gas mixture H2+O2this technical solution is only water vapor and vapors of alkali.

In the claimed complex construction of electrochemical systems [5] was used in the construction of plasmamembrane system synthesis gas mixture of H2About2+O2based on a patent [6].

The method of saturation of water with oxygen and installation for its implementation [4] inherent disadvantages described in the known technical solution [3].

Taking into account the conducted analysis of scientific-technical and patent. information technical solution to the problem is the item is improving the efficiency of water treatment oxygen-containing gas through achievement of deep oxygen saturation of water (30 to 40 mg O 2/l H2A) stable in time supersaturated oxygen status of the water under normal conditions, reducing energy consumption for the process of saturation of water with oxygen and energy complex for implementing the method.

The solution is achieved:

1. A sequential ejection pressure flotation mixing obtained plasmamembrane. by way of oxygen-containing gas mixture H2About2+O2patent [6] with treated water, allowing to increase the efficiency of water treatment oxygen-containing gas, to apply a streamlined, low system pressure flotation in the production of bottled oxygenated water, to reduce the energy consumption for water treatment.

2. The use of anomalous physical-chemical properties of oxygenated steam-N2About2+O2mixtures for deep saturation of the treated water oxygen and sustainable in time supersaturated oxygen status of the treated water under normal conditions.

3. The use of anomalous physical-chemical properties of oxygenated steam-N2About2+O2mixes instantly (within seconds) to dissolve when mixed with the treated water for its ejection input to the pressure of the flotation system is between the pump and the column (capacity).

4. The use of anomalous physical-chemical properties of oxygenated steam-N2About2+O2the mixture interact with remasterise materials and hydrocarbon polymers used in the water treatment system of oxygen-containing gas mixture.

The above analysis of the prior art has allowed to establish that the analogs are characterized by the sets of characteristics is identical for all features of the claimed method and system for its implementation, no. Therefore, each of the claimed invention meets the condition of patentability “novelty”.

Search results known solutions in this and related areas of technology in order to identify characteristics that match the distinctive features of prototypes signs of each of the claimed invention, have shown that they do not follow explicitly from the prior art. From a certain higher level of technology not identified popularity of influence provided the essential features of each of the claimed inventions transformations to achieve a technical result. Therefore, each of the claimed inventions corresponds to the level of patentability “inventive step”.

In the claimed technical solution complied with the requirement of unity of invention, since the method and the complex is designed for saturation of water with oxygen and get bottled kislorodozawisimae drinking water. The claimed invention solves the same problem - increasing the efficiency of water treatment oxygen-containing gas mixture and reducing energy consumption for the process of saturation of water with oxygen.

The drawing schematically shows a system for implementing the method of preparation of bottled kislorodozawisimae water.

The basis of the complex is the installation of water saturation with oxygen (systems I, II drawing), which vzaimosoglasovannyie in the complex circulation-flow pipeline kislorodozawisimae water with the installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles (system III, IV drawing). In detail, the apparatus of the bottles with corks system IV installation of bottling and corking not shown.

I install the saturation of water with oxygen contains pressurized flotation column 1, the main pump 2, the ejector 3, United circulating-flow pipe in the lower part of the column, the supply line of the source water, pipeline, indicating the column with the atmosphere, the exhaust tube kislorodozawisimae water in bottles.

I connected hermetically pipeline gas mixture (callout on the drawing of H2O2+O2with plasmamembrane (electrochemical) system II receiving oxygen-containing gas mixture.

Systems is II contains a water capacity of the electrolyte 4, connected hermetically pipeline with plasmamembrane (electrochemical) apparatus 5 and the gas-liquid separator 7, forming the airlifting of the circulation flow path. Power and control plazmonapolnennogo apparatus 5 is performed by the block 6. In system 6 also includes a flow regulator oxygen 8 and flow regulators oxygen-containing gas mixture 9, 10.

Installation of saturation of water with oxygen through the system I connected hermetically circulating-flow pipeline kislorodozawisimae water to the supply system and bottling III installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles.

System III contains the circulation-flow pipeline kislorodozawisimae water, connecting the flotation column 1, the auxiliary pump 11, the ejector 12, the flow regulator of the water 13, the flow regulator water 14 supply line kislorodozawisimae water in the filling apparatus 15 for dosing into the bottle 16. Automatic line of movement of the bottles, the apparatus of the blockage of tubes filled portions kislorodozawisimae water bottle 16 is represented by a system of drawing simplistic, as the system IV (transportation and bottles installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water bottles). System IV complex interconnected system III through the filling apparatus 15.

the system IV performs auxiliary functions in the technology industry.

The complex operates as follows.

Into the container 4 and the apparatus 5 system II complex fill in aqueous electrolyte solution. For the electrochemical apparatus of a 10% solution of alkali (Paon or CON+H2O), for plazmonapolnennogo apparatus - 4%. The flow regulators 8, 9, 10 and the control unit 6 in the circulation-flow pipeline connecting the tank 4, plasmamembrane (electrochemical) apparatus 5 and the gas-liquid separator 7, is created airlift-type gas-liquid flow.

Approximately flowmeter (not shown) is consumption of gas-vapor mixture. The control unit 6 sets the temperature of the oxygen-containing gas mixture (70°).

Gas-vapor mixture prior to operating parameters is vented to the atmosphere through the flow regulators 9, 10.

After training, enable and output system II technology enabled system I complex.

The machine actuator (figure 1 not shown) turns the main pump 2. The gates of the circulation-flow pipeline connecting the flotation column 1, pump 2, the ejector 3, and the valves on the pipelines of the water inlet and outlet from the column 1 (not shown in the figure) is set to the negative pressure in the ejection apparatus 3 and the balanced flow of the incoming (source) and output (kislorodozawisimae) of water. Control regulation is ovci vacuum in the ejector 3 is realized with use of a differential pressure gauge, the correct adjustment of the flow rate in the main circulation flow pipeline - the sustainable level of the treated water in the flotation column 1.

Process control the process of saturation of water with oxygen in the installation (system I, II) is carried out simultaneously at the inlet and outlet of water from the system I setup batch-flow sensors coloradamar the VEN-101, pH kislorodozawisimae water system I - portioned pH meter pH-121.

Using control devices kislorodozawisimae installation water saturation of water with oxygen mode systems I and II under fixed: performance, installation, power consumption, oxygen, reagent (Paon or CON) and distilled water physico-chemical system II providing in the pipeline kislorodozawisimae water, coupled with the installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles, a pH of 7.3±0.8, the CO215 mg O2/DM3.

After training, on and o installation of saturation of water with oxygen technological mode the machine actuator (not shown in figure 1) is included auxiliary circulation-flow pipe filling and corking kislorodozawisimae water bottles, connecting the flotation column 1, the pump 11, the ejector 12 and the return flow regulator 13./p>

Regulator return in the column flow 13 and the flow control valve 14 installed in the pipe connecting the auxiliary circulation-flow pipeline kislorodozawisimae water filling apparatus 15, sets the performance of the device filling and the level of vacuum in ejection apparatus 12.

The flow of gas mixture of H2O2+O2in the installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles made with the help of regulator 10 ejection apparatus 12. The flow of gas mixture of H2O2+O2determine the flowmeter, calibrated obamanations method (not shown in the figure).

Full process control prepared in the complex kislorodozawisimae water is:

- at the entrance to the complex (system I installation saturation of water with oxygen complex);

- at the exit of the machine filling machines for filling and capping kislorodozawisimae water in bottles (system III complex);

- hermetically sealed bottles with kislorodozawisimae water during storage (system IV).

As discussed above, at a fixed temperature and ambient pressure, the source and kislorodozawisimae water control is carried out according to the content of dissolved oxygen (CO2) and pH. Applicable to applicants Primorye methods of analysis were tested certified by the State centre of drinking water, Krasnodar.

Table 1-4 presents the experimental test data technical solutions in the real experimental-industrial production of cooking kislorodozawisimae water permitted sanitary-epidemiological service, Krasnodar.

Conditions of the pilot experiment:

Source water and drinking artesian water GOST 2874-82 with salinity scale Nl 0.4-0.6 g/DM3;

Dissolved oxygen content in the source water is 3.2±0.4 mg O2/DM3;

the pH of the source water - 7,2±0,1;

The temperature of the source water 25±2° C;

Limit the initial water saturation oxygen (N.U.) on the saturation line for the boundary between water and air at specific air flow rate of at least 1.5 DM3/DM3water was 8.8±0.2 mg O2/DM3. Applied in the testing of control devices water were specified previously.

Table 2 presents the experimental data of the test complex is added to the system II (system synthesis gas mixture) compressed oxygen through the flow regulator.

The condition of the experiment testing complex in table 1 and table 2 adequate

Table 3 presents the experimental data of the test complex, taking into account the technology and the strategic operations of washing bottles and tubes disinfecting silver water [1] with subsequent flushing kislorodozawisimae water, leaving the system III installation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles industry.

These technological operations reduce the number of contaminants (microorganisms, heavy metals, organic substances on the material of the bottle, cork, and, as a consequence, bottled kislorodozawisimae drinking water) and to increase the depth of processing of polymeric material gas mixture of H2About2+O2.

The conditions for testing of the pilot plant (table 3) adequate testing environment complex in table 2.

Table 4 presents the impact of the materials included in the composition of the main systems on the efficiency of drinking water treatment oxygen-containing gas mixture of H2O2+O2.

The test conditions adequate to the conditions of the experiment tables 2, 3;

If you do not take into account the effect of oxygen-containing gas mixture H2O2+O2on drinking water quality in taste and energy parameters, more long term security of supersaturated oxygen status of the treated water, for a specific bottled kislorodozawisimae water “Hydroxy” with the depth of saturation of oxygen is om 40 mg O 2/l H2O the cost of pilot batches of water did not exceed 0.4 USD per 1 liter of drinking water “Hydroxy” (2 times below the cost of production of the famous company “qv Rush, see the review of the company “qv Rush “Bottled kislorodozawisimae water” System information “the Internet”, http: // www qu rush com.).

This is because in the production of bottled kislorodozawisimae water company “qv Rush used the known energy-intensive technical solution [4].

High tasting assessment of the quality of bottled coloradoraising drinking water brands “Supernode” and “Hydroxy”, a term preservation kislorodozawisimae of water for at least 6 months, obtained the claimed method and system for its implementation, prove the competitiveness of new products on the consumer market and, as a consequence, the industrial applicability of the invention.

On the basis of the above material, the authors believe that the technical problem in the claimed invention have been settled in full.

SOURCES of INFORMATION

1. Kul L.A. Fundamentals of chemistry and technology of water. - Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1991, 568 S.

2. Rodionov A.I., closin V.N., Torasession NS Tech environmental, M.: Chemistry, 1989, 512 S.

3. Hechtl Christian. The production of drinking water long-term storage, bottled in bottles, saturated oxygen is om in the form of air (oxygen and carbon dioxide). German patent No. 1047826, 02 F 1/68 (NCI G 7 D 1/00 N 4), 16.10.1998,

4. Jeffery Grander and others. Method for the production kislorodozawisimae water. U.S. patent No. 6284293 1 AND 23 L 100 (NCI 426/67), 04.09.2001

5. Verdiyev MG and other Cell to obtain a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen. Patent of Russia №2091508 1, With 25 In 1/04, 27.09.1997, the Method of obtaining a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen. Patent of Russia №2091507 1, With 25 In 1/04, 27.09.1997,

6. Zykov DU, Shcherbak NR. Plasmamembrane a method of obtaining a gas mixture of H2O2+O2. Patent of Russia №2171863 2, 25 1/30, 1/04, 02 F 1/46, 30.07.1998,

1. The method of preparation of bottled kislorodozawisimae water, comprising a mixture of oxygen-containing gas with water, bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water in bottles, characterized in that perform sequential ejection pressure flotation mixture obtained plasmamembrane method of oxygen-containing gas mixture H2About2+O2water.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottles and tubes before the technological operation of bottling and corking kislorodozawisimae water washed with a disinfecting solution containing silver ions, with subsequent flushing kislorodozawisimae drinking water prepared using a gas mixture of H2About2+O2.

3. The complex is prigotovleniya bottled kislorodozawisimae drinking water, contains the system saturation of water with oxygen, characterized in that the system saturation of water with oxygen consists of ejection flotation system that includes the United circulating-flow pipe of the main pump, ejector and flotation column, and connected gas pipeline system and to obtain a gas mixture consisting of the United airlifting the circulation-flow pipeline gas-liquid separator vessel of an aqueous solution of electrolyte and plazmonapolnennogo apparatus synthesizing oxygenated gas-vapor mixture, the system receiving the gas mixture through the flotation column is connected to the circulation-flow pipeline kislorodozawisimae water in the supply system and bottling kislorodozawisimae water in bottles, which contains the auxiliary pump the ejector directly connected to the gas pipeline system and to obtain a gas mixture, and filling apparatus kislorodozawisimae water in bottles made with the possibility of their submission to the office of the filling conveyor and transferring the filled kislorodozawisimae water bottles by the conveyor in the apparatus of the capping of bottles with corks.

4. The complex according to claim 3, characterized in that the structural elements of the systems of saturation of water with oxygen, filing and filling coloradans the seal water in bottles, as well as the supply pipe kislotosoderjasimi gas mixture made of glass, plastic, rubber and silicone materials.



 

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FIELD: processes and equipment for treatment of water with oxygen-containing gas, water bottling and treatment of bottles for adequate storage of water, may be used in industrial enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: method involves producing oxygen-saturated water by ejection-floatation mixing of water with oxygen-containing gas; bottling oxygen-saturated water and capping, with gas-and-vapor H2O2+O2 mixture synthesized by plasma chemotronical method being used in all above operations. Complex of equipment comprises ejection-floatation unit for oxygen saturation of water and installation for supplying and bottling of oxygen-saturated water.

EFFECT: improved quality of bottled oxygen-saturated potable water, increased storage time and reduced consumption of power and materials.

4 cl, 1 dwg, 4 tbl

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