Meat-based composition for producing of baby foods

FIELD: meat industry, in particular, production of meat-based baby foods.

SUBSTANCE: composition includes trimmed deer gammon, soya vegetable oil, cereal crop groats, carrot, bulb onion, sugar, edible salt, and water. Components are used in predetermined ratio.

EFFECT: high biological value and improved nutritive characteristics of baby food owing to balanced combination of components used.

3 tbl, 5 ex

 

The invention relates to the meat industry, namely the production of products for young children.

Known composition for the production of canned “meat sauce children, including beef golowanow - 40, pork golowanow - 20, cereals, cereals (millet) - 5,0, salt cookbook - 0,3, drinking water or 34.7, in mass % [1].

The disadvantage of this composition is a low level of adaptation amino acid and fatty acid composition in relation to the standard for infants - breast Mature breast milk.

Known composition for the production of vegetable canned food with beef, including beef golowanow 2 varieties - 28,00, butter - 4,00, pork fat - 2,00 carrots - 10,00 onions - 2,00, starch - 1,50, semolina - 6,00, salt - 0,40, water - 46,10, in mass % [2].

The disadvantages of this composition are unbalanced amino acid composition compared to a protein standard, women breast milk, as evidenced by the estimated coefficient of utility equal to 0,708, and the almost complete absence of polyunsaturated fatty acids - linoleic and arachidonic, vital organism.

The technical result of the invention consists in the possibility of using new sources of raw meat, expanding the range of products for children of early age obtaining nutrient composition adapted.

This objective is achieved in that in a multicomponent compositions based on meat include the use golovnogo meat raw, natural fats, cereals cereals, carrots, onion, sugar, salt sodium chloride and water, and as golovnogo raw meat used Gelovani meat hams deer, as natural fats - vegetable oil soy, with compositions provide the following ratio of components, mass %:

Ham deer ilovanie 40,50-41,50

Vegetable oil soy 4.75 V-5.25

Cereals cereals from 6.25 to 6.75

Carrots 4.75 V-5.25

Onion 1,75-2,25

Sugar 0,10-0,15

Salt 0,50

Water the rest

The preparation of the composition is as follows.

Preparation of the components of the composition.

Gelovani raw meat cut on masurenallee machine or by hand into pieces weighing not more than 1 kg and is sent to the grinding. Gelovani raw meat or minced in saline injector meat blocks are crushed on the top with the holes of the lattice 5-6 mm and serves prescription stirrer.

Vegetable oil is heated in the boiler with electric or steam heating at a temperature not exceeding 55°, filtered and directed to the preparation of the composition.

Cereals the cereals sieved through sieves with magnetic catchers, remove impurities, washed with cold running water for 10-15 minutes to complete removal of mycelia. Then it is soaked in water in the ratio 1:3 for 2-6 hours at a temperature of 15-25°and served on top. The amount of water absorbed by the barley when washing and soaking, subtract from the mass of water specified in the recipe.

Preparing fresh vegetables on specialized equipment is produced in accordance with the processing instructions. In the absence of specialized equipment preparation fresh vegetables is carried out manually. Fresh carrots and onions cleaned and washed thoroughly with running water. Prepared vegetables are crushed on the top with the holes of the lattice of 2-3 mm and is directed to the preparation of the composition. Pets to grind on top of the prepared vegetables together with meat raw material.

Salt and sugar are used in dry form with the preliminary screening or in solution with water after filtration. Pets when working with salt and sugar, put up in bundles, to use them without sifting.

Processing of chopped raw meat and composed.

Treatment of comminuted meat material is determined by the type of equipment used (continuous or intermittent). When using equipment periodic action which I chopped raw meat, water and all components prepared according to the recipe add a mixer to prepare a mixture of prescription. The mixture is stirred for 5-7 min to education puree mass. Prepared puree the mass is fed into the digester for cooking composition.

When production equipment continuous raw meat after grinding on the top guide in emulsifer where served water with a temperature of 70-80°in the amount of from 35 to 45% by weight of raw meat. In emulsifier feed steam to the temperature of the mass 60-85°C. Next, the resulting mixture is fed to the apparatus for paracontact heating, in which the product is subjected to instant processing of pre-purified steam with a temperature of 110-120°and the pressure of 0.50 to 0.60 MPa. Heat-cold mass pump pumping the holding tank, where it is dosed in the RX mixer where add components of the composition prepared according to the recipe. The mixture is stirred for 5-7 min until a homogeneous mass. Mixing shall be allowed to simultaneously heated to a temperature of 75-85°C.

The composition used in the production of customized products for feeding infants.

Meat mass is crushed to particle size of 1.5 mm and sent to the vacuum on the aerator continuous action to remove air. Then heated to a temperature of 80-90°and sent for packing.

The inadequacy of the component and the fractional composition of the products used for feeding infants, provokes the risk of severe, sometimes irreversible dysfunction of the body, the consequences of which will affect the whole future life.

A lack or excess of protein can adversely affect the health of the child. The lack of proteins interferes with the normal development of the child, reduced immunity, increased disease incidence of rickets, anemia and malnutrition. At the same time, excess protein in the diet leads to increase its breakdown products in the body, the intensity of metabolic processes and increase the load on the excretory organs. Excessive protein content significantly increases the risk of protein and amino acid metabolism, which leads to the voltage of the liver, enzyme systems, kidneys, changes in acid-base status of the body. Invaluable for the health of the child has a fat component, because it covered more than 50% of the energy needs of the child.

The fat part of the body's cells, takes part in the metabolism, provides normal cell membranes, involved in the formation of immune the Oh system. Clinically proven α - linolenic (ω3) and linoleic (ω6) fatty acids are precursors of docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic (AA) acids, actively involved in the formation of structures of the brain and retina. These fatty acids are not produced in the body and must be supplied in it solely for the food.

Fat plays the role of a nutrient, protective and insulating material. Fat is needed to cover the energy expenditure of the body.

The lack of fat worsens the course of all kinds of metabolic processes, delayed growth and development of the child and reduced immunity. When the excess fat in the diet is reduced secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract, there is a disorder of metabolic processes, accompanied by increased secretion of salts of calcium and magnesium, excess deposition of fat in the body.

Neytralizuya carbohydrates have bifidogenic action (ability to support the growth of bifidobacteria). The dominance of bifidoflora in the intestinal tract provides the biological environment that prevents the growth of staphylococci, Salmonella, pathogenic bacterial strains of Escherichia coli group.

Adequate intestinal microflora is of great importance for the normal functioning of the child's body. As a result of its LM the waste increases the body's resistance to intestinal infections, stimulates local immunity, split cholesterol, stimulates the absorption of calcium, activates the synthesis of b vitamins, normal intestinal motility, there is a partial detoxification of xenobiotics (dyes, flavorings and the like).

Hydrolyzable carbohydrates are part of nucleic acids, cell membranes, and are the main digestible energy source. In their presence improves the metabolism of proteins and fats food. Deficiency of carbohydrate leads to inefficient use of protein for energy purposes, which may lead to latent protein deficiency. Excess carbs lead to deficiencies of b vitamins, obesity, to increase hydrophilicity tissues, flatulence, colic.

Use all components of data in mass allows you to obtain a composition, which is the basis for the production of adapted in relation to the metabolism of early childhood products. The deviation of the mass fraction specified in the claimed composition in the direction of increasing and decreasing, will lead to a decline in the balance of General chemistry and amino acid compositions.

Use in recipes venison Gelovani allows you to get organic food for young children due to the fact that CE is Erny deer due to the nature of its distribution, conditions and feeding less susceptible to common livestock diseases. Venison has extraordinary nutritional qualities - moderately low-fat, high balance of proteins, high levels of hematopoietic components such as iron, zinc, and copper. On digestibility of venison takes the 1st place among meat products. Unlike beef, squirrels, deer do not contain long-chain vysokoallergennyh fractions.

The use of the composition Okorokov deer Gelovani and cereals cereal crops in these proportions provides a high index of biological value of the protein component of the composition. The optimal amount of protein and the correct ratio of amino acids (closest to the composition of breast milk) facilitates absorption of the product, does not create an additional burden on the immature digestive system of the child. The deviation of the mass fractions in the direction of increasing and decreasing, will lead to lower levels of balanced protein in the claimed composition.

Use in the formulation of the vegetable oil soy claimed in mass fractions provides the correct ratio of saturated, mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Vegetable oil soy is a source of essential for a child's body polyenes the freed fatty acids (linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic). These fatty acids play a crucial role in the formation of the nervous system and visual apparatus of the child, provide an optimal set of weight, improvement of immunity. In animal fats content of these fatty acids is negligible. The decrease in the mass fraction of vegetable soybean oil leads to a fall in the level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (specific to women's breast milk, including arachidonic and linolenic) below is necessary for the child's level. Increasing the mass fraction of soybean oil will lead to deterioration of organoleptics.

The use of the composition of plant materials, namely cereals cereals, onions and carrots, increases the nutritional value of the composition, enriching it hydrolyzable and neytrolizatsii carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. Changing relations in the direction of decreasing or increasing mass fraction contributes to the deterioration of organoleptics.

Example 1. To prepare 100 kg of the composition of the original components are taken in the following quantities (kg):

Ham deer ilovanie 41,00

Vegetable oil soy 5,00

Cereals cereals 6,50

Carrots 5,00

Onion 2,00

Sugar 0,15

Salt 0,50

Water 39,85

Example 2.

To prepare 100 kg of the composition of the original components are taken in the following amounts, kg:

Ham deer ilovanie 40,50

Vegetable oil soy 5,25

Cereals cereals 6,25

Carrots 4,75

Onion 2,25

Sugar 0,15

Salt 0,50

Water 40,35

Example 3.

To prepare 100 kg of the composition used components are taken in the following quantities (kg):

Ham deer ilovanie 41,50

Vegetable oil soy 4,75

Cereals cereals 6,25

Carrots 5,25

Onion 1,75

Sugar 0,10

Salt 0,50

Water 39,90

Prepared in accordance with examples 1,2,3 composition is the basis for the production of nutrient adapted products for feeding infants. It has a high biological value, balanced amino acid composition and balanced fatty acid composition. Content micropatterned substances in compositions prepared in accordance with formulations 1-3, approaching the biological norm for children of early age (protein - 8,98-9,85%, fat - 6,53-6,84%). Extremely high degree of amino acid balance total protein compositions prepared according to the formulations 1-3, as evidenced by the coefficient of utility equal to 0,876-0,881. Due to the presence in the composition of soybean oil in the composition can provide the required levels of linoleic, linolenic and is rheonomous polyunsaturated fatty acids.

The main parameters that determine the adaptability relative to the standard - Mature breast milk, are shown in table 1, 2, 3.

Meat products, prepared on the basis of the compositions according to the formulations 1, 2, 3, have excellent taste, delicate texture.

Example 4.

To prepare 100 kg of the composition of the original components are taken in the following quantities (kg):

Ham deer ilovanie 39,00

Vegetable oil soy 6,00

Cereals cereals 5,25

Carrots 5,00

Onion 2,25

Sugar 0,15

Salt 0,50

Water 40,85

Example 5. To prepare 100 kg of the composition used components are taken in the following quantities (kg):

Ham deer ilovanie 43,00

Vegetable oil soy 3,80

Cereals cereals 7,00

Carrots 5,00

Onion 2,00

Sugar 0,15

Salt 0,50

Water 38,55

The composition obtained according to examples 4 and 5 does not meet medical and biological indicators applicable to products for young children. The amount of protein, fats, carbohydrates differ significantly from the performance of the benchmark (table 1, 2, 3). The discrepancy between the macronutrient composition of the product for feeding young children can lead to diseases “broken metabolism”.

Setting the amino acid balance of the protein product is significantly different from the performance of the benchmark (table 1, 2, 3), which impairs proper digestion and increases the load on the immature digestive system of the child.

In addition, meat products, prepared on the basis of the compositions according to the formulations 4, 5, are not high enough organoleptic characteristics.

Table 1

Macropetala substanceProtein, %Fat, %Carbohydrates, %
Mass fractionREC-38,98-9,856,53-6,845,26-of 5.40
 REC7,50-9,004,12-5,174,68-4,80
 REC10,85 for 12.64,58-5,885,50-of 5.75

Amino acid composition, protein composition and reference

Table 2

NameAmino acids
SongOutLeiLizMeth+qiHairdryer+shootingTreTRDShaft
 Content, g/100 g protein
Standard - Mature women milk4,609,807,50 8,604,601,505,20
RECbr4.618,237,464,766,92of 3.771,284,77
REC4,588,217,494,787,003,761,264,76
RECto 4.628,24the 7.434,787,953,791,294,81
REC4,018,07of 7.904,246,753,791,185,00
REC4,638,237,154,857,44is 3.081,214,57

 
Name of indicatorTable 3
 RECRECRECRECREC
The coefficient of utility (U), doled0,881 0,8760,7050,711
  0,880  
Comparable redundancy (σ), g/100 g protein standard4,96to 4.98the 5.258,658,44
      

The inventive composition allows to expand the product range of food products for infants through the use of golovnogo deer meat. Use in recipes venison Gelovani allows you to get organic food for young children. Venison has extraordinary nutritional qualities - moderately low-fat, high balance of proteins, high levels of hematopoietic components such as iron, zinc, and copper. The claimed composition is the basis for food production in young children, is necessary to prevent the development of hypochromic anemia.

The high quality of this raw meat, the environmental security, the combination with components of animal and plant origin in the above ratio, allows to obtain a composition with a need for child indicators medico-biological value and excellent vkusovi and characteristics.

Composition based on meat for food production in young children, containing Gelovani raw meat, natural fats, cereals cereals, carrots, onions, sugar, table salt and water, characterized in that as golovnogo raw meat use meat hams deer, as natural fats - vegetable oil soy, with compositions provide the following ratio of components, wt.%:

Ham deer ilovanie 40,50÷41,50

Vegetable oil soy 4,75÷5,25

Cereals cereals 6,25÷6,75

Carrots 4,75÷5,25

Onion 1,75÷2,25

Sugar 0,10÷0,15

Salt 0,50

Water the rest



 

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