(57) Abstract:Essence: the sail is made with a winch for lowering into the water and rise in surface position and with the handle to rotate the sail to the wind. 4 Il. The invention relates to equipment for vessels and other floating equipment.Famous sail, containing hard cloth, turning the associated swivel holder craft.The drawback of such sails is their hand immersed in water.The purpose of the invention, the mechanization of the process of installing the sail into the water.This objective is achieved in that the sail is made with a winch for lowering into the water and rise in surface position and with the handle to rotate the sail to the wind.In Fig. 1 shows a vessel with a raised direct hard sail (main view), and Fig.2 is the same, the nose lowered water sail of Fig.3, is a view along arrow in Fig.1; Fig.4 the node I in Fig.3.The sail includes a hinged holder sails (rod) 1 ball support, the installation location of the ball with 2 groove for the rod, a coupling device 3, the power winch 4, block 5 for lowering and raising the sails, rope 6 arm 7 to rotate the sails.Working sail as the first direct sail. In case of strong wind blowing against the current, the sail is lowered into the water and through the course of the ship, breaking wind, can go with the flow with a strong headwind.Lowering sails as follows. Rises coupling device 3, the shaft 1 of the sail is pushed into the groove 2 of the installation location of the ball when it is released the winch 4 and the cable 6. The sail is lowered into the water. Hoist the sails in the reverse order.The handle 7 is used to expand the sails in the wind. When this locking device not shown (may be different in design). The SAIL containing hard cloth, turning the associated swivel holder craft, characterized in that it is made with a winch for lowering into the water and rise in surface position and with the handle to rotate the sail to the wind.
FIELD: shipbuilding; river ships; self-propelled watercraft for carrying automobile transport facility, agricultural equipment and passengers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry includes pontoon with rollers and electric motor fitted on it; electric motor is connected with reduction gear by means of clutch and is set in motion by means of rope guide pulley lined with rubber. Arranged in house mounted on ferry are current collectors for supply of electric motor with electric power by means of contact wires stretched above river by means of supports; electric motor rotates rope guide pulley engageable with embracing rope.
EFFECT: increased cargo capacity; increased thrust; improved vision of berth.
FIELD: shipbuilding; collapsible pontoons.
SUBSTANCE: proposed pontoon-catamaran includes flat float assembled from sections which are interconnected by means of beams. Floats are provided with wheel recesses and folding supports for bumpers. Pontoon intended for front-drive automobile is provided with swivel propellers at drive from front wheels. Pontoon intended for rear-drive automobile is provided with bladed rudders at drive from front wheels and propellers at drive from rear wheels. Automobile pushes itself together with pontoon into water by use of its own mass and moves in water by means of its engine; control of pontoon motion is effected from automobile cabin.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: shipbuilding; designing cargo and passenger ships.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ship has hull with pointed fore lines and flat-bottomed aft part which is closed with deck. Erected on deck is superstructure whose rear wall is used as hinged ramp of cargo compartment. Propulsion and steering complexes are arranged in midsection of ship in wells for raising and lowering them.
EFFECT: possibility of approach to shallow water areas; facilitated procedure of cargo-handling jobs.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: ferries for rivers of limited navigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is provided with pontoons which are spaced apart in width and are made from different materials; cargo and passenger deck is secured on pontoons at two levels. Ferry is also provided with propulsion plant. Upper surface of cargo deck rising above water during operation is located in center plane of cylindrical pontoons; lower part of cargo deck which possesses positive buoyancy is immersed in water. Middle cylindrical part of each pontoon is made from non-metallic materials and is connected with metal end units by means of flanged joint located inside pontoon. Propulsion plant consists of two portable units mounted turnably on cargo deck for control of heading; these units are spaced apart along longitudinal axis of symmetry on edges of cargo deck.
EFFECT: increased capacity of ferry at shallow draft.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; self-propelled ferries; crossing of heavy equipment through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry is self-propelled in water and may be transported by land in form of stack and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with deployment mechanisms which are articulated together and are equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons whose roadways are inclined relative to horizontal deck forming recesses for stowage of ramps. Hull of each pontoon has at least two frame rings interconnected by means of stringers, thus forming solid load-bearing skeleton, frame rings located symmetrically relative to roadway and formed by bottom beams and deck horizontal beams and rigidly connected with them by means of side pillars provided on both sides of propulsion pontoon and on one adjacent side of each side hinged pontoon. Pillars of opposite sides of propulsion pontoon have different height for placing the side pontoons at different levels in stowing them in three-tier stack. Upper parts of pillars extending over deck are provided with hinges connecting the propulsion pontoon hull with hulls of side hinged pontoons; wall of each pillar has transversal stiffeners mounted under deck and connected by means of plate for forming box-shaped compartments imparting additional rigidity to frame rings; they are used for articulated mounting of hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanism. Outer sides of side pontoons are provided with cavities above bottom stringers for placing the hydraulic cylinders of pontoon deployment mechanisms. Made along propulsion pontoon bottom are guides projecting beyond bottom plane, thus forming additional rigidity; they are used for interaction with roller units of the specialized vehicle in loading the pontoon and launching it into water.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of ferry.
5 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferrying heavy materiel through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry may be transported by land and may be launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. It is provided with deployment mechanisms articulated together and equipped with roadway built in decks, central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons, deck house with control members, engine with its systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoons, fore and aft fairings with wash plates and swivel ramps mounted on side pontoons. Pontoons have similar displacement; they are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Each ramp is made in form of watertight displacement-type skeleton imparting additional transversal stability to ferry during embarkation of tanks which may be locked in any position on hinged pontoon within preset angles of turn. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms of side pontoons for position of fore superstructure on the extended parts together with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when it is returned from deployed position to stowed position. Fuel tanks of engine supply system are arranged in middle compartment of central propulsion pontoon; they are arranged in groups located symmetrically relative to center of mass of ferry; each of them is provided with service tank fitted with fuel-contents gage and interconnected by means of pipe lines for centralized refueling through filler neck located in fore superstructure, thus ensuring smooth consumption of fuel from tanks both through service tanks and through one of them; provision is made for disconnection of group of tanks in case of damage to one of them with the aid of electric two-way valves. Propulsion and steering complex includes radial-type water-jet propellers at varying thrust vector; water-jet propellers are provided with vacuum pumps which are so mounted that air may be evacuated from water-jet propeller trunks which are filled with water before switching-on the pumps. Pumps may be switched on/off both automatically and manually from control console mounted in deckhouse.
EFFECT: increased cargo carrying capacity of ferry; improved running properties in shallow water; enhanced resistance to damage in combat.
10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: self-propelled party ferries; crossing through river barriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed self-propelled ferry may be self-propelled in water, may be transported by land and launched into water by means of specialized vehicle. Ferry is provided with swivel deployment mechanisms interconnected together and equipped with roadway; ferry includes central propulsion pontoon and side hinged pontoons having sledge lines at fore and aft transoms, deckhouse with control members, engine and its associated systems and propulsion and steering complex mounted in propulsion pontoon, swivel fore and aft fairings, wash plates and ramps. Fore and aft deck parts of propulsion pontoon are extended beyond fore and aft transoms in side pontoons for mounting fore superstructure with built-in deckhouse and aft superstructure and laying the side pontoons between superstructures, thus transforming the ferry into three-tier stack when shifting it from deployed to stowed position. For deployment of the ferry to working position, mounting the fairings, ramps and wash plates and folding them in the stowed position, ferry is provided with hydraulic system with actuating hydraulic cylinders. Deckhouse is lightly armored. Each pontoon and aft superstructure are divided into watertight compartments by means of bulkheads. Engine fuel tanks and hydraulic fluid tanks for hydraulic system are arranged in middle compartment of center pontoon; power plant and one water-jet propeller of propulsion and steering complex are arranged in aft compartment; second water-jet propeller is arranged in aft compartment of the same pontoon. Storage battery unit of electrical equipment system is located in racks on level of deck in central compartment of aft superstructure. Ferry is provided with buoyancy maintenance system whose pumps are mounted in each pontoon; ferry is also provided with fire-fighting system.
EFFECT: increased cargo capacity of ferry; enhanced buoyancy and maneuverability; retaining functional capabilities in case of fire attack.
9 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: crossing bridge means; collapsible pontoons and ferries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed collapsible unit includes two end articulated and two middle pontoons, ramp and collapsible streamlined shields located on one of transoms of collapsible unit. Each ramp is provided with longitudinal guides on lower plane and each collapsible streamlined shield is made from middle section and two end articulated sections locked with braces relative to middle section. Middle section is provided with stop and is movably connected with longitudinal guides of ramp by means of rollers located on upper edge of shield and is rotatably connected by means of connecting rods articulated at one end to lugs on rear plane of middle section; at other end provided with tubular head it is articulated to axles found on side walls of ramp.
EFFECT: facilitated action of crew in handling the collapsible shields during ferry crossing; reduction of time required for loading the equipment on and unloading the equipment from ferry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water transport, namely to transportation of motor vehicles and passengers between river banks with limited navigability. The ferry is made up of two spaced pontoons, a positive floatability deck fastened between with the lower submerged part. The above-water deck surface is arranged in the pontoons centre plane. The ferry is provided with propulsion plant representing two units mounted along the deck boards made up of a pipe, an engine with screw propeller arranged inside the pipe and steering branch pipe linked with the pipe to turn about the ferry lengthwise axis. Both branch pipes are pivoted together, one of them being furnished with a lever crank-rod assembly with the branch pipe turning drive mechanism.
EFFECT: higher transportation capacity and smaller ferry draft.
4 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed ferry comprises floating structure furnished with "П"-shape prop fitted at the said structure forebody, cable, steering device, two rotor-type windmills, hydraulic turbine and electric generators arranged at the structure stern, and pneumobottles arranged on the floating structure boards. Note here that one end of the aforesaid cable is fastened to the said prop while the other end is anchored at the river center bottom, in the river upstream water.
EFFECT: easier operation of large-size ferries, production of electric power exploiting wind and water stream.
2 cl, 5 dwg