Surface-underwater ship

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to shipbuilding and applies to vehicles with the possibility of movement in surface and submerged positions. Surface-underwater transport vessel contains wodoslawsky case with transom and bottom glissiruyuschie type sealed motor nodes, kinematically associated with surface and underwater propulsion stroke, capacity to change the buoyancy of the vessel by filling water saltwater environment or air, waterproof compartment with places for accommodation of the crew and the remote control. The upper part of the hull made a streamlined shape with pointed nose and tapered aft and fitted in the rear stabilizer of the underwater stroke. The stabilizer is made with a profile curved in a vertical transverse plane and symmetrical with respect to the median plane of the hull. The stabilizer has a span in the horizontal plane, not exceeding the width of the hull in the middle section, and is mounted outside the hull so that they can move relative to him and rigid fixation in two positions respectively in the working position when the bag body and is outside the hydrodynamic boundary layer flow, washing the body, and transport in surface position stabilizer pressed its concave surface to the upper housing in the area between the middle section and a transom, forming with the housing a single smoothly streamlined system. Achieved improvement in the sustainability movement and manageability of the vessel in a submerged position in the vertical and horizontal planes, reduced energy costs, improved stability. 9 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to shipbuilding and applies to vehicles with the possibility of movement in surface and submerged positions.

Known surface-underwater vessel containing wodoslawsky building, located in the lower part of the body, which can be extended, partially retracted and fully retracted into the housing provisions, while when the wings are fully extended, the ship can move in surface position in wing mode, when the wings are partially removed, the ship can move in a submerged position when the wings are fully retracted, the ship can move in displacing mode (U.S. patent N 5373800, M. class. B 63 B 1/30, publ. 1994).

You know placeabout the craft is on the one hand blunt tip, where installed outboard engine, providing the movement of the craft when it is used as glycerous vessel, and on the other hand, the craft has a pointed extremity, near which is mounted a propeller that provides scuba moving the boats, and the boats with ballast tanks to change its buoyancy (U.S. patent N 5377613, M. class. B 63 G 8/18, publ. 1995).

Known surface-u inflatable boat, comprising a housing of rubberized material with a plastic deck between the inflatable elements of the hull and keel, accommodated in the housing of the engine surface of the progress made in the form of an outboard petrol engines, two propeller motor to move in a submerged position, cylinders of compressed air permeable compartment with places for accommodation of the crew and the remote control, and the dive boat under the water carried by the etched portion of the air from the case (don Miller, "the Underwater commandos", Minsk, 1998, pp. 122-125).

The disadvantages of the known devices are their low stability and controllability in the underwater mode.

It is also known surface-underwater TRANS is against the hull with transom and bottom glissiruyuschie type, sealed motor nodes associated with the propulsion surface and underwater stroke, capacity to change the buoyancy of the vessel, permeable compartment with places for accommodation of the crew and the control console (log, "Shipbuilding", 1996, No. 11-12, pp. 61 - the prototype of the invention).

Among the disadvantages of the known vessel is unsatisfactory resistance movement and control in a submerged position in the vertical and horizontal planes, and large energy consumption when the vessel is in surface position, poor stability and conditions when the crew immediately after surfacing from underwater position.

The present invention is an improvement in the sustainability movement and manageability of the vessel in a submerged position in the vertical and horizontal planes, reduced energy costs, improved stability, improved conditions in surface position after surfacing the ship.

The essence of the present invention is as follows.

In surface-underwater transport vessel containing wodoslawsky case with transom and bottom glissiruyuschie type sealed motor nodes, kinemat the fill water saltwater environment or air, permeable compartment with places for accommodation of the crew and the remote control, the upper part of the hull made a streamlined shape with pointed nose and tapered aft and fitted in the rear stabilizer of the underwater stroke made with a profile curved in a vertical transverse plane and symmetrical with respect to the median plane of the hull, and the stabilizer has a span in the horizontal plane, not exceeding the width of the hull in the middle section and is mounted outside the hull so that they can move relative to him and rigid fixation in two positions, accordingly, in the working position when submerged during and in the transport position when the surface course, and in the working position the stabilizer nominated for the transom of the hull and is outside the hydrodynamic boundary layer flow, washing the body and surface transport position, the stabilizer is pressed against the upper part of the body on the area between the middle section and a transom, forming with the housing a single smoothly streamlined system.

The stabilizer is connected to the housing by means of at least two rods hinged at the aft spacecraft in its working position is located at a height of 0.3 to 1.0 m from the height of the hull in the area of the midship section. The thickness of the leading edge of the stabilizer is 0.1-0.15 length of its chord.

The selected shape of the hull and installed on the stabilizer, the stabilizer settings, its location in the working and transport position allows, on the one hand, to ensure the vessel high hydrodynamic properties in the vertical and horizontal planes when the submarine movement, and on the other hand, to ensure optimum performance stability of the vessel when the surface movement in the planing mode.

The internal cavity of the housing is divided by longitudinal and transverse partitions height of not less than one-third the height of the hull in the area of the midship section, which can improve the performance and stability of the vessel after its ascent.

Inside the pump for pumping water from the inside of the vessel at the surface position. The pump is connected to the motor node propulsion surface course. The pump is used for pumping water in the internal cavities of the hull immediately after surfacing, allows to reduce energy consumption, to improve stability, as well as the conditions when the crew is at the surface movement in the planing mode.

the and goods.

Propulsion underwater stroke is installed with the possibility of rotation of the axis of thrust of the propeller in a vertical plane, which provides a more effective regulation of the movement of the vessel in a submerged position in the vertical plane.

When used as a propulsion surface of the turn of the propeller, the lower part of the hull is provided with a fairing scuba course located symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the screw and kinematically connected through a cable with remote control. The fairing of the underwater stroke is made of a width less than the diameter of the propeller placed in the guides made inside the housing and is mounted for movement relative to the housing and rigid fixation in two positions respectively in the working position when submerged during and in the transport position when the surface course, in the working position the fairing is ejected from the housing at an angle not exceeding 45oto the horizontal plane in the direction of travel of the vessel and closes the propeller from the incident hydrodynamic flow, and in the transport position the fairing attached inside the hull.

To improve the conditions of flow in a submerged position kormovyh planes with transom performed radius.

In Fig. 1 shows a surface-underwater carrier, side view; Fig. 2 is a top view of Fig. 3 - front view.

The vessel includes a housing 1 with a bottom 2 glissiruyuschie type and transom 3. The upper part of the body has a streamlined shape with pointed nose part 4, the middle part 5 with permeable compartment 6 for the accommodation of crew members and tapering aft part 7. In the compartment 6 is the remote control 8. To improve the conditions of flow in a submerged position aft of the hull along the line of the cheekbones 9 is attached to the narrowing of the transom allowed for glycerolic vessels. Pair of hull with a transom in horizontal planes performed radius.

Power plant includes disposable in an airtight capsules engine surface of turn 10 and the fuel tanks 11, the motors of the underwater stroke 12 and the battery 13. The engine surface course 10 is connected with the propeller (propeller screw) 14. As the propulsion surface of the stroke can be used jet pump (not shown). The axis of the propulsion surface of the turn passes through the center of gravity of the vessel. The engines of the underwater stroke 12 are located at left and right sides of the ship.

System pogruzhenii nose 16 and the aft 17, ballast tanks fore 18 and aft 19, the high-pressure bladder 20, is filled with compressed air, egalitarian-differently pump 21.

In the rear of the hull has the stabilizer 22 scuba course, having a curved profile in cross section a vertical transverse plane, symmetric with respect to the median plane of the ship. A stabilizer pivotally connected to the hull by means of rods 23 and has the ability to move relative to the housing with a lever 24 and a rigid fixation in two positions in the working position when the vessel is under water (working position of the stabilizer shown in Fig. 1), and in the transport position when the surface movement of the vessel (shown dotted in Fig. 1). In the working position the stabilizer nominated for the transom of the hull and its lower edge is at a height of 0.3 to 1.0 m from the hull in the area of the midship section. In the transport position, the stabilizer is pressed against the upper part of the hull at the site, located between the middle section and a transom. Stabilizer spread in the horizontal plane does not exceed the width of the hull in the middle section, the thickness of the leading edge is 0.1-0.15 length of its chord.

In case use is Cania corps in the underwater mode and the hydrodynamic characteristics of the ship, it is supplied with a fairing 25, which moves along the guide rails 26 that are located in the hull of the vessel. In the surface mode turn the fairing is located inside the body and does not affect the terms of the motion of the ship, and when moving the vessel to the underwater mode of motion of the fairing extends from the housing and closes the propeller from the incident hydrodynamic flow. Fairing rectangular shape of a width less than the diameter of the propeller is located symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis at an angle not more than 45 degrees to the horizontal plane in front of the propeller screw, and the lower edge of the fairing in its extended position no higher than the lowest point occupied by the edge of the propeller. The fairing has the ability to move relative to the hull along the guides by means of traction, kinematically connected with the control unit 8 and rigid fixation in two positions in the working position when the vessel is under water and in the transport position when the surface vessel.

The vessel is equipped with a pump 27 pumping water filling after surfacing the inner open cavity of the housing. The pump 27 through the clutch connected to the engine surface course 10. To improve sodomi height of not less than one-third the height of the hull in the area of the midship section.

Aft right and left along the vessel in the casing compartments 30 for placement of sealed containers with the transported goods.

Moving a ship in a submerged position in the vertical plane by rotation of the axis of thrust of the propeller in the specified plane using a system of manual or automatic control, is associated with the remote control boat.

Surface-underwater transport vessel can be used in surface and submerged positions.

In surface position when operating the propulsion surface of the turn, the ship can move in displacing mode and planing mode. This stabilizer transport position and clamped to the hull. In the case of use as a propulsion propeller fairing removed and is inside the hull.

After a reset, the surface speed of the turn to go to an underwater position, you must open the sea valves located in the bottom of the casing, and valves ballast systems, as well as translate the stabilizer from the transport position into the working position. In the presence of the propeller fairing underwater stroke extends from the housing. After immersion of the vessel including the Yu immersed stabilizer.

When moving the vessel at the surface position of the stabilizer, and, if necessary, the fairing of the underwater stroke after surfacing translated into the transport position and with the engine running surface stroke pump starts pumping water. After removal from the compartments of the water vessel acquires the estimated weight and are able to develop a set speed in surface position.

The proposed design of the surface-underwater transport ship has a high performance as in the underwater and above-water swimming, economical and reliable in operation.

1. Surface-underwater transport vessel containing wodoslawsky case with transom and bottom glissiruyuschie type sealed motor nodes, kinematically associated with surface and underwater propulsion stroke, capacity to change the buoyancy of the vessel by filling water saltwater environment or air permeable compartment with places for accommodation of the crew and the remote control, characterized in that the upper part of the hull made a streamlined shape with pointed nose and tapered aft and fitted in the rear stabilizer of the underwater stroke, vypolnen the bones of the hull, this stabilizer has a span in the horizontal plane, not exceeding the width of the hull in the middle section, and is mounted outside the hull so that they can move relative to him and rigid fixation in two positions respectively in the working position when submerged during and in the transport position when the surface course, and in the working position the stabilizer nominated for the transom and is outside the hydrodynamic boundary layer flow, washing the body and surface transport position, the stabilizer is pressed against the upper part of the body in the area between the middle section and a transom, forming with the housing a single smoothly streamlined system.

2. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that the stabilizer is connected to the housing by means of at least two rods hinged at the rear of the housing, and a lever is kinematically connected to the remote control.

3. Vessel under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the lower edge of the stabilizer in its working position is located at a height of 0.3 to 1.0 m from the height of the hull in the area of the midship section.

4. Vessel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that the thickness of the leading edge of the stabilizer is 0.1 - 0.15 gleny longitudinal and transverse septa height of not less than one-third the height of the hull in the area of the midship section.

6. Vessel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that inside the pump for pumping water from the inside of the vessel at the surface position, is connected to motor node propulsion surface of turn.

7. Vessel according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that in the rear part of the case is made of the cargo bays for the sealed containers.

8. Vessel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 7, characterized in that the propulsion of underwater stroke is installed with the possibility of rotation of the axis of thrust of the propeller in a vertical plane.

9. Vessel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 8, characterized in that the propulsion surface of the progress made in the form of the propeller, the lower part of the hull is equipped with a fairing, underwater course located symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the screw and kinematically connected through a cable with remote control, and the fairing is made of a width less than the diameter of the propeller placed in the guides made inside the housing and is mounted for movement relative to the housing and rigid fixation in two positions respectively in the working position when submerged during and in the transport position when the surface course, in servant of the movement of the ship and closes the propeller from the incident hydrodynamic flow, in transport position the fairing attached inside the hull.

10. Vessel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 9, characterized in that for improving the conditions of flow in a submerged position the aft hull taper along the line of the cheekbones, in this pairing of hull lines in horizontal planes with the transom is made of radius.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to naval armament
The invention relates to arming submarines and can be used to defeat any surface objects
The invention relates to arming submarines and can be used to defeat any surface objects

The invention relates to the technique of the ocean, in particular to thermal devices move through the depth of the underwater vehicle

The invention relates to the technique of the ocean, in particular to thermal devices move through the depth of the underwater vehicle

The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to reactive underwater swimming apparatus

The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to reactive underwater swimming apparatus

The invention relates to shipbuilding, to the means of providing stealth submarines

Submersible // 2137659
The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to underwater vehicles

The invention relates to shipbuilding and concerns the design of a wing devices hydrofoils
The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the creation of low-tonnage monohull vessels

The invention relates to shipbuilding and can be used to create high-speed vessels with increased seaworthiness

The invention relates to shipbuilding and can be used in ship hull structures, superstructures and t

The invention relates to shipbuilding and can be used in the hull structures, ship superstructures, etc

The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the establishment of fairings inclined propeller shafts of high-speed vessels with bottom gas caverns

The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the establishment of fairings inclined propeller shafts of high-speed vessels with bottom gas caverns

The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the profiling of the bottom of the hull speed of a vessel with a gas caverns and water jet

The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the profiling of the bottom of the hull speed of a vessel with a gas caverns and water jet

Marine hydrofoil // 2244338

FIELD: shipbuilding; manufacture of ship stabilization systems equipment with deeply-submerged hydrofoils.

SUBSTANCE: proposed marine hydrofoil is provided with units for determination of its speed and depth of submergence mounted on it and connected to shipboard computer. Mounted additionally on hydrofoil are units for determination of side slip and angle of attack which are also connected to shipboard computer.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 dwg

Up!