Ships or other waterborne vessels and equipment for shipping (B63B)

B63B              Ships or other waterborne vessels; equipment for shipping (air-cushion vehicles b60v; arrangements of vessel ventilation, heating, cooling, or air-conditioning b63j0002000000)(9103)

Device for implementation of hovercraft travel and control mode // 2614367
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device comprises bottom made of parts at different angles, rudder, a longitudinal air intake duct of the delivery device in the form of the impeller, the air is supplied from the nozzle at an angle under the bottom of the ship, and a pivoting flap pneumatic channels. Wherein a bottom side skegs additionally equipped inside with longitudinal flow channels made in the form of a hollow or open pipes installed at the end of the curved active nozzles that are oriented at an angle in the direction of movement air dynamic high-pressure jet exiting the transient two-phase nozzles disposed in the middle of a bottom open bottom of the housing.EFFECT: improved handling and stability of the ship, nautical, simplicity.3 cl, 4 dwg

Launch device of lifeboat for personnel at offshore oil and gas facilities in ice conditions // 2614166
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, relates to evacuation and rescue of personnel of offshore oil and gas facilities that are located in the Arctic and far eastern freezing seas. Launching device of lifeboat for personnel at offshore oil and gas facilities in ice conditions comprises launch platform with guide rollers and shelter lifeboat deck. Fender bar of Lifeboat with a locking device is placed against the guide rollers. Root sections of two telescope-type holders are affixed to the shelter lifeboat deck, and their end sections are affixed to the launch platform. Holders are made with the possibility of adjusting their installation angle in relation to the horizon, and lifeboat and shelter lifeboat deck are equipped with the winches which are interconnected by a cable.EFFECT: higher safety of personnel evacuation from off-shore facilities.6 cl, 4 dwg

Watercraft of ready-made type // 2613668
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: watercraft of ready-made type contains structural elements. The structural elements form a set or a part thereof and are made substitutable wholly or partly within N groups, N>1. The set contans reciprocal deflections stoppers of the structural elements and structural elements with wireless or contact interfaces. The stoppers are made with possibility to identify and transper information about status, relative position of the structural elements and their compounds integrity.EFFECT: disassembly and assembly ease, transportation compactability.11 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of breaking ice cover // 2613663
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: simultaneously with the forward movement the ship at a resonance speed makes a circulation during a time equal to the period of the resonant flexural-gravity waves.EFFECT: higher efficiency of ice breaking.2 dwg

System for demolishing of floe // 2613658
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to the field of shipbuilding, in particular, to underwater vessels, which demolish floe by force of resonance method. The system for demolishing of floe consists of underwater vessel capable to generate resonance bending-and-gravitational waves in the course of ship cruise under ice with resonance speed. Elastic easily-deformed hydrophobic coating fastened with the aid of non-tight connections and stretched along shipboards is mounted on upper ship deck.EFFECT: aspect of invention is increasing efficiency of ice destruction with the aid of underwater vessel.2 dwg

ethod of mooring vessel using laser system // 2613465
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the safety of ships maneuvering means at the approach to the pier and can be used for mooring vessels. Mooring the vessel by a laser system (1), laser distance meters (2) and (3) to the mooring facility with transmission-reception device, mounted on the ends of the vessel. The measuring instruments have a tilt angle sensor of the laser beam (4) and (5) respectively. The information from all the devices in the form of signals are injected into a processing unit (6), that calculates and outputs and displays the horizontal distance of the horizontal velocity of the extremities of the vessel which is used in its approach to the quay.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the safety of maneuvering and expanding the types of transmitted measured data.2 cl, 1 dwg

Watercraft on the river // 2613072
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: watercraft on the river consists of several watercrafts with fixed turbines on them to select kinetic energy from the river flow. The watercraft turbine rotation axes are the same and are oriented across the river course. Turbine shafts of individual watercrafts are combined with each other in a single shaft of a united watercraft.EFFECT: possibility of increasing the selection of kinetic energy from the river flow.4 dwg

Hydrodynamic spoiler // 2612941
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: hydrodynamic spoiler is proposed comprising a control device, a base, a knife, a drive, the base contains fixed guides, designed for linear movement of knife thereon, the knife contains fixed magnets, the response magnets are fixed to the base, the control device is adapted to lock the spoiler knife in an intermediate position.EFFECT: reduced resistance of the boat in the planing mode, more than 2-fold decrease in the trim and removal of porpoise.3 cl, 1 dwg

Vessel including floatability unit // 2612730
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, namely, to floating units with excellent running properties. Vessel comprises two floatability units, a lower sheet structure, a water tank, a reinforcing structure and a fore structure. Reinforcing structure provides support to the lower sheet structure using the floatability units by means interconnection of the floatability units and the lower sheet structures in space. Lower sheet structure has a structure, both sides of which are inclined towards the center, and comprises the first and the second lower sheets, some ends of which are connected to the lower part of the floatability units, and the other ends of the first and the second lower sheets are bent in the central area of the lower sheet structure and are fixed to each other. Floatation unit comprises a reinforcing shell and at least one cylindrical container. Fore structure is connected to two floatability units with the possibility of disconnection.EFFECT: provided is stable balance and better running properties.18 cl, 7 dwg

Device for making underwater works // 2612421
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to communication-cable laying and making other construction works under water. The device includes above-water part in the form of flat-bottomed boat provided with operator board, combustion engine and source of electric power, and underwater part in the form of caterpillar undercarriage equipped with the system of electrically-controlled hydraulic drive and provided with rear-fastened operating element intended for trenching and cable laying into dug trench. The said operating element is provided with hydraulic drive and hydraulically-driven front-fastened moldboard. At that, underwater device part is connected to electric-power source and to operator board with the aid of electric control cable. It is also provided with coil of laid cable. When being transported overland, above-water part is fastened to underwater part with the aid of quick-split connection, and is equipped with floated balloons along outer perimeter for holding itself on water. Suitable-for-rotation coil of laid cable is fastened to moldboard, above-water- and underwater parts are additionally connected against each other with the aid of ropes and bundle of high-pressure sleeves for supplying working liquid from hydraulic pumps of above-water part to system of hydraulic control of caterpillar undercarriage and of hydraulic drive of operating elements. At that the mentioned bundle of high-pressure sleeves is laid together with electric cable on suitable-for-rotation drum fastened to underwater part.EFFECT: device is provided with expanded technological functions, capable to move with the aid of own driving force to the site for making works in position, when its above-water and underwater parts are jointed one with another (self-driving), and execute its tasks without return to production base during at least 24 hours.13 cl, 13 dwg

Semi-submersible icebreaker // 2612343
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: semi-submersible icebreaker is proposed, containing an underwater hill with an ice-breaking device in the form of three rams with inclined destructive ribs located along the hull on its top, and an above-water portion consisting of a superstructure fixed on the solid fin. Destructive ribs of the middle ram are offset to the bow and stern relative to the board rams ribs and located at an acute angle to the horizontal plane of the underwater hull. The icebreaker underwater hull is a broad flat design, formed as a low aspect ratio wing with a hydrodynamic profile. The underwater hull comprises ballast tanks, which occupy the entire free volume of the hull.EFFECT: improved performance of the icebreaker.8 cl, 3 dwg

Device for breaking down ice cover // 2612298
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shipbuilding, particularly to submarine vehicles which break up ice cover using a resonance method. Device for ice breaking consists of submarine vessel, capable to drive resonance flexural-gravitational waves (FGW) in it during moving under ice cover. Ship is equipped with two impeller cross sections perpendicular to longitudinal axis of the vessel with open sections in the upper parts installed one after another in water-flow channels between its strong and light hulls, blades of impellers have curvature providing occurrence, respectively, of centrifugal (CF) and centripetal (CP) forces at rotation and change of rotation direction of impellers, impellers are configured with a possibility to change direction of rotation on the opposite during time equal to half-period of these waves, periodically with frequency of resonant FGW, creating CF forces, impellers blades are able to deviate the time equal to the time of approach to closed sections of the next blades, after that to come back into initial position, at the end of open channel sections. When direction of the impellers rotation is changed, that is in case of CP forces, blades are not deviated after passing the open areas, open sections of water-flow channels are communicated with sea water and are equipped with valves that are able to close and to open in case of CF and CP forces respectively.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of efficiency of ice breaking.1 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for testing ascend of submerged marine engineering structure in test ice towing tank and device for testing model ascend // 2612073
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: according to the method of testing the ascent of the model of submerged marine structures, the structure is submerged by a support bracket of a rope system and held at the required depth of the floating platform, and with the help of a protracted branch the model is submerged on a floating platform at the said depth by placing weights on the counterweight. Then, the ice field is pushed on top the model, and a predetermined amount of model buoyancy is calculated by removing a certain part of the cargo from the counterweight. Model ascends until it comes into contact with the lower surface of the ice field, on ascent of the models a predetermined amount of its trim is maintained by choosing the fixing points along the length of the model with the help of the protracted branch of the cable system. Acceleration and ascent rate settings, the contact force of the model with the ice field and the deformation of the ice field are measured, after which the test pattern is repeated several times, pulling the ice field on the model before the working part of the ice field is exhausted. The device for carrying out tests on the ascent of the model is also offered.EFFECT: better experimental possibilities for submerged test models in the ice towing tank.3 cl, 1 dwg

Device to break ice cover // 2612065
FIELD: transportation, shipbuilding.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of shipbuidling, in particular, to underwater vessels that brake ice cover by resonant method. Device is proposed to brake the ice cover, comprising an underwater vessel capable of travelling under ice with resonant speed, at the same time in the vessel fore in a circular channel between strong and light bodies of the vessel there are two corrugated ring plates are installed, capable of rotation around the longitudinal axis of the vessel in opposite directions.EFFECT: increased efficiency of ice cover break.2 cl, 3 dwg

ethod for launching amphibious aircraft to water and lifting them on board from water surface, slip for descending and lifting amphibious aircraft and vessel for their accommodation "barguzin" // 2611680
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: vessel made with the possibility of accommodating the amphibious aircraft on board, equipped with a ramp-slip with the possibility of descending one slip end below the water surface and below the level of the amphibious aircraft draft in the water. The slip is coated with a material with a low sliding friction coefficient. The vessel is equipped with a lift with the possibility of descending it below the water level and below the level of amphibious aircraft draft in the water.EFFECT: possibility of basing amphibious aircraft on board.3 cl, 3 dwg

Aerodynamic vessel // 2611676
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: aerodynamic vessel is proposed, which comprises a body with longitudinal side compartments having upper and lower grids, in which vertical lifting propellers are arranged. The engine is placed in the front body part and is cinematically connected through the main gearbox with the vertical lifting propellers, and through the geared variator - with longitudinal motion propellers. The vessel incorporates the navigation control system and the course-keeping ability control system. The design features of the vertical lifting propellers and the longitudinal movement propellers drive geared variator are disclosed.EFFECT: improved technical characteristics and performance of the aerodynamic vessel.31 dwg

ethod of strengthening of inflated constructions (versions) // 2611668
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to small-size shipbuilding and ships of special purpose. It proposes four approaches to intensifying inflated constructions. Upon the first approach shell structure is used for strengthening of inflated constructions. This structure is strained by force of excess pressure of working environment. Inflated plane truss is fastened into the mentioned structure along symmetry axis. Upon the second approach shell structure is used for strengthening of inflated constructions. This structure is strained by force of excess pressure of working environment. Solid plane truss is fastened into the mentioned structure along symmetry axis. Upon the third approach shell structure is used for strengthening of inflated constructions. This structure is strained by force of excess pressure of working environment. Solid truss is fastened into the mentioned structure along symmetry axis. Upon the fourth approach shell structure is used for strengthening of inflated constructions. This structure is strained by force of excess pressure of working environment. Space inflatable truss is fastened into the mentioned structure along symmetry axis.EFFECT: simplicity of formation of shell structure rigidity, increase of assembly rate and decrease of ship weight is achieved.4 cl, 14 dwg
Front-drive boat with transverse redan // 2611666
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: front-drive vessel with a transverse redan is proposed, which has a propeller located behind the stem, the bottom part of which forms a developed transverse redan. Just behind the redan, an air cavity is formed which may be limited be skegs or sponsons from boards. The redan can be connected to skegs or sponsons at the bow, forming a cavity for supercharging by exhaust gas or air pressure. The vessel may have an automated adjustment of mover penetration. An aft aerodynamic wing can be installed in the rear part for stern unloading and lifting at speed.EFFECT: improved performance of a high-speed vessel.3 cl, 12 dwg

Ship drainage system // 2611456
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shipborne equipment, in particular to remove water from the hull. Ship bilge system consists of pump, pipeline, processes, terminal, board, and travel of the bottom valve. In the bow of the ship, below the waterline, the nozzles are installed. They are directed to the right and left side. The nozzles are provided with shut-off valves and actuators. The drives of all valves are designed to control remotely from the wheelhouse of the vessel.EFFECT: system of hull water removing with the opportunity to actively control, which produces a control force on the vessel, even if it does not move.1 dwg

ethod of manufacturing of inflated ship bottom (versions) // 2611288
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to small-size shipbuilding and consists of four design variants. For manufacturing inflated ship bottom inner partitions are fastened to bottom material from inner bottom side along symmetry axis. According to the first variant convexities are made between partitions, and material laid in the place of their making occupies large area. According to the second variant convexities are made between partitions, and material laid in the place of their making occupies large area, and utmost partitions placed referenced to convexity are separated into other sides and fastened. According to the third variant two surfaces of material are mounted between partitions. Their counter edges are cut out in the form of two joined curved lines, and nearest partitions referenced to convexity are separated into other sides and fastened. According to the fourth variant lateral convexities are made on material, and partitions are fastened on material at intervals in the place of their making referenced to surface of deck and/or bottom and laterally to symmetry axis. Length of material that forms convexity is more or less or equal to length of partitions' segments in intervals.EFFECT: simplification of design, increase of assembly rate and decrease of ship weight are achieved.7 cl, 12 dwg

Underwater unit for fluid loading / unloading without berthing // 2610844
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: underwater unit for fluid loading / unloading without berthing comprises a section of at least two steel pipelines connecting the offloading pump unit with the subsea distribution manifold. The manifold contains a drainage tank with shut-off valves, pressure relief valves and a drain pump. The drain vessel is made as a steel vessel the upper part of the housing of which contains the receiving and drain throats. The housing bottom has bypass holes. The inner space of the steel vessel is divided into two chambers by an orifice of elastic material. The receiving and drain throats are located on the same side of the orifice. The overflow holes are located on the other side of the orifice.EFFECT: possibility for improvement of efficiency of protection of underwater pipelines from hydraulic impact phenomena while preventing the discharge into environment.5 cl, 7 dwg

Icegoing vessel steering device // 2610778
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building and concerns an icegoing vessel aft end design. Proposed is an icegoing vessel steering device with a protective frame around the rudder propeller unit formed by the stern post with an ice-cutting protrusion behind the rudder blade, connected by a vertical post with the corresponding end of the toe secured with the keel. Rudder blade turn axle is arranged on the side of the ice-cutting protrusion. Rudder blade additionally comprises a rotary nose part located in front of the main part along the ship. Vertical post is interconnected with the main part of the rudder blade by means of a hinge, the vertical rotation axis of which matches the axis of rotation of the main part of the rudder blade. Nose part turn drive consists of horizontal elements of the rudder blade parts and the vertical post. Elements of the rudder blade parts are made with the possibility of joint rotation relative to the corresponding vertical axes.EFFECT: technical result better controllability of the icegoing vessel while ensuring reliable protection of the rudder propeller unit when moving in ice.1 cl, 3 dwg

High-speed vessel // 2610754
FIELD: shipbuilding.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of shipbuilding, particularly, to the design of high-navigable high-speed vessels. The high-speed vessel containing a casing, in the keel bottom of which a notch for formation of a gas cavern is performed, as well as means for gas feeding to it under excessive pressure, is proposed. The top of the bottom notch located on the foredeck is equipped with a transverse redan and a bow hydraulic propeller mounted in the area of redan's location, which is located to allow its propulsive jet to pass below the stall-producing edge of the transverse redan. The bottom of the vessel may be equipped with a bottom parallel body, covering the bottom notch from the bow-side and boards of the hull. Bottom part of the bow cap may be equipped with a ram-type notch. An angle stern-drive, an outboard motor, a water-jet propeller, and other propellers may be applied as a bow hydraulic propeller.EFFECT: invention allows improving operation and technical performance of a high-speed vessel.13 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of hydro-electric turbine system transportation // 2610746
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of water transport and concerns hydro-electric turbine system (12) transportation method, as well as vessel (10), suitable for use in said method implementing, wherein vessel includes section (28), which is made with possibility of lifting and which enables possibility of vessel passage over said hydro-electric turbine system (12) part (16) during location in dry dock filled with water, wherein said base (16) part protrudes above water level in dock.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of time consumption and complexity during hydro-electric turbine system installation for transportation to installation point.14 cl, 5 dwg
Air cushion rescue vehicle // 2610724
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air-cushion rescue vehicle and regards the rescue vessels construction. Air-cushion rescue vehicle includes a sound-absorbing element of stamp-welded frame of low noise ship cabin, in which the sound, vibration, heat insulated packages elements are installed.EFFECT: lower level of noise and vibrations.7 dwg
Kochetov's air-cushion rescue boat // 2610229
FIELD: medicine, rescue appliances.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the air-cushion rescue vessels and concerns structures of hulls of rescue vessels. The air-cushion rescue vessel contains an acoustic dissipation component of a metal pressed-and-welded frame of a low-noise shipboard cabin, in which packages of sound-vibration-heat-insulation components are installed.EFFECT: rescue vessel with reduced noise level.7 dwg

Trimaran // 2610161
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to shipbuilding, namely, to design of high-speed vessels with narrow long hull and small area along waterline. Trimaran has very narrow long hull, which stability is provided at the expense of two side buoys-outriggers. Deck part of hull is made in the form of disk. Buoys in the form of disks are mounted on those its parts, which are far-placed from vessel hull.EFFECT: increase of speed and hydrodynamic load-carrying capacity of vessels are achieved.3 cl, 1 dwg

Recreation and sports catamaran, das systems // 2610160
FIELD: healthcare, games.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the water transport, particularly, to the facilities designed for improvement of recreational and physical performance of users, as well as for trips, cruises, fishing, recreation, and tourism. The recreation and sports catamaran contains a deck with floats, a frame with a seat, a steering device, and a propulsor. The steering device contains a keel rudder performed with the possibility of rotation on the frame, and on the free edges of the frame, the floats are secured pivotally by means of balancing devices. The propulsor is performed in the form of a two-pedal reversed drive, on the shaft of which a coupling is secured. The coupling is performed in the form of an ellipsoidal wheel, on the curved surface of which detachable stroke blades are secured. The blades are performed with the possibility to interact with the surface of water; when the larger axis of the ellipse matches the axis Y, while the pedal are rotated in the counter-clockwise direction, the forward moving is performed, and disconnection with the surface of water occurs, when the larger axis matches the axis X, whereupon, a gap between adjacent surfaces of the ellipse and the surface of water is formed. Braking of the catamaran is performed by rotation of the pedals in the clock-wise direction.EFFECT: recreation and sports catamaran with advanced functional features.4 cl, 8 dwg
arine patrol vessel for environmental control of territorial waters, continental shelf and exclusive economic zone // 2610156
FIELD: shipbuilding.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated systems of monitoring of water bodies and is intended for monitoring the ecological state of the aquatic environment. Marine patrol vessel for the environmental control of the territorial waters, continental shelf and exclusive economic zone is built in the form of an aircraft with the implementation of the flight modes at the screen, off-screen and in the displacement mode. The structure of the measuring device is provided with automatic weather station, altimeter low altitude to measure the parameters of the functions of excitement, laser scanner, laser bathymetry, equipment to perform video and radar imagery, underwater osmotrovye device, remotely operated underwater vehicle. Marine patrol vessel is also equipped with navigation system, a system of direct georeferencing, emergency rescue equipment, including life rafts, inflatable, underwater diving complex.EFFECT: invention provides an increase in reliability of the measured parameters of the environment while increasing efficiency in obtaining background information in the area of ongoing research.

Ship hull of duct- and hydro-keel type // 2610154
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to the field of shipbuilding and concerns designing ship hull of duct- and hydro-keel type. The proposed ship hull of duct- and hydro-keel type is equipped with above- and underwater parts of hull with curved board below constructive waterline; and bottom, which is provided with longitudinal duct equipped with upper horseshoe-like arch and vertical walls. Movable enclosure of forward end is manufactured according to type of retractable multilayer balaclava, which is equipped with mechanism for lifting and descent. Movable enclosure of aft end is manufactured in the form of flat system that is two-ply and fixed with the aid of bends on rod and/or on tube of elastomer canvases, which free ends lay on top of each other. Nearby ship forward- and aft ends two high-pressure air pumps are mounted on axis suitable for fixed deviation from vertical line by 30° at most within longitudinal plane of ship. Movers of hydro-jet type placed in underwater housings are manufactured according to hollow cross-flow scheme, when rotor part of mover is of discontinuous and ring type and built into stator part.EFFECT: proposed invention results in increase of performance parameters of ship belonging to duct- and hydro-keel type.3 dwg
ethod to manufacture submersible vehicle for transport of hydrocarbons "cnhm" from bottom deposits of seas and oceans (russian logic version - version 9) // 2610153
FIELD: shipbuilding.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shipbuilding technology and to manufacturing of submersible vessels (SV), which may be used to transport hydrocarbons from bottom deposits of seas and oceans. Method is proposed to manufacture an SV for transport of hydrocarbons from bottom deposits, including manufacturing of separate fragments of SV body in the form of rectangular or spiral-like plates with relevant configuration (round or tapered), which are in series fixed to each other by means of a composite material (acryl), in each group of serial plates each of them is moved in respect to each other for subsequent fixation by means of a composite material (acryl) with other serial plates to form an SV body, in the upper part of which they fix electromagnet values for subsequent air or hydrocarbon removal, between which in the inner upper part of the SV body they fix acryl plates with an air gap, and their lower part is located below water level inside the SV, in the lower part of the SV body they provide holes, where electromagnets are fixed for temporary fixation of the SV body on ferromagnet stops above the bottom surface of the hydrocarbon deposit and acceptance port, electromagnets are made with an inner tapered hole and the upper part of ferromagnet stops - with appropriate tapered shape with channels.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify technology of submersible vessel assembly with a large inner volume.10 dwg

ethod to force ice field by surfacing underwater object and ice field forcing device // 2609855
FIELD: transportation; shipbuilding.SUBSTANCE: buoyancy tanks are installed on an underwater object, which are proactively released at flexible joints in process of underwater object surfacing until collision with ice. Each buoyancy tank has a streamlined body divided into a ballast reservoir and a charged compartment with explosive. Prior to release of the buoyancy tank, compressed air is supplied into its ballast reservoir, each flexible joint is released to provide for surfacing of each buoyancy tank. Ratios of weights and volumes of the buoyancy tank are set so that in process of surfacing the flexible joints remain tightened, and the buoyancy tank keeps floating stability while surfacing. Upon impact contact of each buoyancy tank with the lower surface of the ice field, the fuzes are initiated, and the buoyancy tanks are exploded. Depending on the trim difference value of the surfacing underwater object, the sequence of buoyancy tank explosions is set. Explosions are carried out until a lane of water in a field of ice is formed.EFFECT: increased efficiency and safety of ice field forcing with an underwater object.3 cl, 6 dwg

Device to test submarine surfacing under ice conditions // 2609854
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device is proposed for submarine surfacing under ice conditions, comprising an extension-type ledge for forcing ice field and a drive, and the extension-type ledge is arranged in the form of at least one pair of shields placed above the open part of the niche with the capability of their lifting to form a triangular prism fixed with the help of a lock joint intended to force ice field, at the same time the drive to open shields and hold them in a position for contact with the ice field surface is made in the form of at least one elastic reservoir placed in the niche, the elastic reservoir is connected to the compressed air system and is equipped with an air bleed valve, and the volume of the elastic reservoir filled with air complies with the value of the excessive submarine floatability providing for submarine surfacing with the specified vertical speed.EFFECT: increased safety of submarine surfacing with potential increase of submarine surfacing speed and broken ice thickness.4 cl, 4 dwg

Autonomous drifting profiling oceanologic buoy // 2609849
FIELD: measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: autonomous drifting profiling oceanologic buoy contains a streamlined sealed rugged housing, made in the form of a cylinder. On the top cover of the body the aerial navigation and communication systems, sensors of electrical conductivity, temperature and pressure are installed. Outside on the bottom cover the expansion container is installed. Inside the housing tank with hydraulic fluid, connected by the hydraulic lines to the expansion container, electric pump and power supply are mounted. The pump is fixed on the inner side of the bottom cover for injection and selection of working fluid into the expansion container from the tank installed inside the housing. In the central part of the housing the electronic control unit and a linear actuator, on which is fixed the power unit with the possibility of moving up and down at a distance of 50-100 mm are mounted.EFFECT: possibility of increasing the number of obtained oceanologic data.2 cl, 5 dwg

essenger buoy for use in ice conditions // 2609841
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: messenger buoy has a housing. The upper part is designed as a truncated cone centered along the housing axis, with conical tip of radio antenna in the form of a truncated cone continuing up to the cone top. The radio antenna is located inside the housing and mounted for its extension along the axis of the truncated cone towards the ice field and is fixed to exclude its shift inside the body by a thrust ring. The radio antenna is connected by the radio cable with an underwater facility. Means for destruction of ice field are implemented in the form of powder jet engines placed in the lower part of the housing, which are fixed in the bottom of the hull.EFFECT: ability to provide radio communication during under-ice navigation in emergency situations.6 dwg

Semi-submersible floating structure to enable working under displacement caused by vortex // 2609652
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of shipbuilding, in particular, to a semi-submersible floating offshore structures for drilling and hydrocarbon production. A semi-submersible floating offshore structure with columns having a large base at the bottom of each column with pontoons connected between the columns. Larger basis of the column may have a height which at least may be about 50% of the draft floating offshore structure. The increased base may change the shape of the current flow around the base and columns to provide a smaller displacement caused by vortex. The outer base angle may be cut at an angle. Alternatively, the lower portions of columns may extend horizontally outward to form effectively larger base having similar characteristics. In some embodiments the volume of the pontoon may be reduced inversely proportionally to the ground to have a similar overall buoyancy.EFFECT: invention provides an improvement in the performance of the semi-submersible floating offshore structure.19 cl, 6 dwg

Amphibious transport unit for evacuation of injured in case of emergencies of regional scale // 2609569
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to amphibious transport units on an air cushion. Amphibious transport unit for evacuation of injured in case of emergencies of regional scale, comprising a body, a cargo hold with transport rigging arrangement, a room to locate people evacuated in emergencies, which is made as a single room or several cabins of an amphibious aircraft, each being a metal stamp-welded frame. The frame comprises bearing shaped structures, inside which there are packages of sound-vibration-heat-insulation elements. The cabin frame is connected to bearing structures of the aircraft by means of a vibration insulation system, comprising an upper suspension, including two rubber vibration isolators of the upper suspension and two of the lower one. Vibration isolators of the lower suspension are made in the form of symmetrical beaded meshed vibration isolators, each comprising a base, elastic meshed elements. At the same time the base is located in the middle part of the vibration insulator and is made as a plate with fastening holes. Meshed elastic elements are rigidly connected to the base by means of support rings. Besides, in the upper meshed elastic element in the center there is a dry friction damper located axisymmetrically.EFFECT: invention provides for lower level of noise and vibrations.7 dwg
ethod to transport hydrocarbons "cnhm" from bottom deposits of seas and oceans (russian logic version - version 2) // 2609550
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to marine transport operations. Method is proposed for transportation of hydrocarbons from bottom deposits of seas and oceans, including manufacturing of one or several separate hollow casings, which are arranged in series, and transportation is performed by means of marine propellers with drives from the port of hydrocarbons acceptance to the deposit locations, where hollow casings are filled with hydrocarbons and are transported to the port of acceptance, at the same time in the port of hydrocarbons acceptance and in deposit locations the individual hollow casings are temporarily fixed on vertical ferromagnet supports, which are fixed in the bottom surface of the port and the bottom surface of the deposit, by means of electromagnets, which are fixed in the lower part of hollow casings, in which in the upper part there is one or several electromagnet valves to remove either hydrocarbons or air from the inner part of the hollow casings, and in the lower part there is one or several openings to supply either outside water or air inside the hollow casings.EFFECT: invention improves conditions and increases reliability of transport operations for delivery of hydrocarbons from bottom deposits.6 dwg

Underwater electricity production module // 2608843
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: use: in electric power engineering. Underwater electricity production module has a device to accommodate electric power units including nuclear reactors connected with electric power generation means, electrical cables, support means. Electric power units are arranged on an underwater carrier permeable platform made with the possibility of its stationary installation on the bottom on vertical supports and including seats for electric power units with guides and means of protection and convectors electrically detachably connected with an electrical compartment in the form of a strong hull with electrical equipment, which is installed due to its negative buoyancy onto the central longitudinal axis of the platform and is equipped with means of ballasting, a hatch-gateway, a coaming platform, an input and at least one output high-current connectors. Herewith the electric power units are made in the form of underwater nuclear thermoelectric plants and are joined with the underwater platform in the seats on both sides along the electrical compartment by detachable mechanical and electrical connections.EFFECT: technical result is simplified design, increased service life, higher reliability and independence of operation.16 cl, 3 dwg

Liquefied gas processing system for vessel // 2608621
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: proposed is a liquefied gas processing system for a vessel, which includes a cargo tank storing liquefied natural gas and an engine using the liquefied natural gas stored in the cargo tank as fuel. Liquefied gas processing system includes: the first evaporating gas flow, which is formed from the liquefied natural gas in the cargo tank and is discharged from that tank; the second evaporating gas flow, which is supplied as fuel into the engine in the first flow; and the third evaporating gas flow, which is not supplied into the engine in the first flow. First flow is compressed in a compressor and then is divided into the second flow and the third flow. Third flow is liquefied by heat exchange with the first flow in a heat exchanger, as the result of which the evaporating gas is processed without the use of a repeated liquefaction device, which uses a separate cooler.EFFECT: liquefied gas processing.13 cl, 13 dwg

Jacking system with auxiliary structure // 2608588
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to jacking systems for drilling and production at sea areas exposed to icing. Jacking system with auxiliary structure comprises a working deck structure, a plurality of support columns movably connected to the working deck structure, cantilever arranged on the working deck structure, drilling derrick located on the cantilever, one or more support main structures located on the sea bottom, and a plurality of movable supports, each of which is rigidly connected to the main deck structure. Working deck structure, a plurality of support columns, cantilever and drilling derrick form a jacking drilling assembly. Method consists in the fact that during initial assembling of the jacking system, a plurality of support columns is being lowered to the sea bottom to lift the working deck structure with required height. During assembling of the jacking system, a plurality of movable supports passes from the working deck structure to said one or more support main structures so, that said one or more support main structures support the weight of the main working deck structure while replacing one or more of said plurality of support columns. Said one or more support columns, replaceable to said one or more support main structures, are defined as support columns not supporting the weight, and the rest of a plurality of support columns, not replaceable to said one or more support main structures, are defined as support columns supporting the weight. After assembling of jacking system with auxiliary structure, the support columns not supporting the weight are being removed from water in required position, support columns supporting the weight together with said one or more support main structures via movable supports support the working deck structure.EFFECT: technical result is supporting of the jacking assembly, simple dismantling for reusing after drilling required wells.10 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of pipeline laying from vessel and device for pipeline laying from vessel (versions) // 2607911
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly to a pipeline laying from a pipelaying vessel. Proposed is a method of a pipeline laying from vessel (103) following a S-shaped trajectory. Stinger (104) is located at the end of vessel (103) in the direction from the vessel, the pipeline passes onto stinger (104) while laying from vessel (103). Inclination of the pipeline to the horizon increases when passing along stinger (104) and after passing stinger (104) until reaching an inflection point, which is specified at a distance from the end of stinger (104) and in which maximum inclination of the pipeline to the horizon is provided. Then inclination of the pipeline is reduced until reaching the sea bottom. On stinger (104) guiding limitations of the pipeline lateral displacements relative to stinger (104) are used, and vessel (103) with stinger (104) change their positions while laying the pipeline to incline stinger (104) longitudinal axis relative to the trajectory of already laid onto the sea bottom pipeline (101). Changing positions of vessel (103) and stinger (104) while laying the pipeline includes rotation of vessel (103) and stinger (104) around the vertical axis, which is selected passing through the inflection point or an adjacent to it one. Also proposed are versions of the device for a pipeline laying from a vessel.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of efficiency and reliability of the method and the device for a pipeline laying from a vessel.22 cl, 8 dwg

Improved coastal sea anchor // 2607895
FIELD: shipbuilding; measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to marine anchors. Marine anchor includes plane of symmetry and comprises flake, shank and remote actuated locking and unlocking device. Shank is connected with possibility of turning to said blade. Remote actuated locking and unlocking device, by means of which said shank can be rotary locked or unlocked relative to said blade. At that, remote actuated locking and and unlocking device comprises rotary articulated four-link chain, which is formed by four bars. Bars include at least three rigid bars.EFFECT: achieving remote adjustment of blade angle after installation of anchor into mooring base soil.15 cl, 6 dwg

System and method of ship fuel gas supply // 2607893
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship power plants and can be used for supply of fuel gas. Ship fuel gas supply system comprises engine, creating propulsion force, using fuel gas. Fuel gas, intended for supply into engine, is stored in fuel gas reservoir. Engine is installed in engine room, located at ship’s aft. Fuel gas reservoir is arranged in ship longitudinal direction.EFFECT: enabling possibility of ship space efficient use with minimum length of fuel gas supply line.30 cl, 5 dwg

ooring system connecting element and use thereof // 2607492
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mooring equipment and can be used for ships and floating structures mooring. Unit in mooring system (1) for floating structures (8), containing at least one anchor rope (2) and at least two other ropes (3, 4), passing in different directions relative to each other and in direction, different from direction of at least one anchor rope (2). Ropes (2, 3, 4) are attached to annular connecting element (6), formed from continuous flexible polymer material.EFFECT: enabling possibility to withstand tensile forces in different directions, not located in one plane.12 cl, 7 dwg

Jacking system with support structure // 2607489
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to jacking systems for drilling and production at sea areas exposed to icing. Jacking system with support structure comprises a working deck structure, a plurality of support columns movably connected to the working deck structure, cantilever arranged on the working deck structure, drilling derrick located on the cantilever, two or more support main structures, located on the sea bottom and a plurality of movable supports, each of which is rigidly connected to the working deck structure. Working deck structure, and a plurality of support columns, cantilever and drilling derrick form a jacking drilling assembly. Method consists in the fact that during assembling of the jacking system with support structure, a plurality of movable supports pass from the working deck structure to the upper surface of said two or more support main structures, and a plurality of support columns support the jacking drilling assembly, and after assembling of the jacking system with support structures, said two or more support main structures support the working deck structure via the movable supports, and said plurality of support columns is being removed from water in required position.EFFECT: technical result is supporting of the jacking assembly.8 cl, 9 dwg
Fore end of high-speed surface ship or relatively low-speed civil ship of high thunderstorm navigability and ice flotation in autonomous navigation // 2607136
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to designing ship hull fore end shape, used in complex storm and ice conditions of navigation. Better running and maneuvering characteristics at intensive hurricane waves, antipitching, reduced risk of icing top decks are achieved by means of the special stem and bilge entrance lines configuration: bent or vertical stem for shock-free cutting storm waves peaks, to move in ice in the icebreaker mode, with storm undercut in the lower part of the stem for releasing rambling under conditions of intensive rolling and pitching motion, with hardening the lower part of the stem and sharpened surface part of the stem-icebreaker, surface frames are optimized from small flare, stabilizing active thunderstorm move before their tumble home with reduction of tank height for compensation of pitching due to flooding foredeck of low-speed ships, Bow formation defines the beginning of the helical surface at the level of variable waterlines from the stem to separation zone of the divergent ship wave, that compensates the force impact of opposite storm waves and is reduces running trim, behind the separation zone of the ship wave there is a convex bend of molded frame circuits to form the tumble home and underwater bulges in the middle part of the hull, which reduces rolling motion in storm conditions.EFFECT: reduced rolling motion.1 cl, 2 dwg
Aft end of ship stabilized for storm sailing // 2607135
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to designing ship hull aft end shape, used in complex storm and ice conditions of navigation. Disclosed is a aft end of the ship stabilized for storm navigation, formed by a stern post and stern counter, made in one-or twin screw version of the propulsors installation with possibility of using wing stabilizers of the remaining rolling and pitching motion and with two helical surfaces configuration for hydrodynamic stabilization of running pitch on calm water and under conditions of intense storm waves: first – at the level of variable waterlines with length from the tumble home of frames on board bulges to sharpened aft end scale of the cruiser stern, and second helical surface resting on keel line with twisting of water flow in opposite direction from under the bottom upwards in the zone of propeller-rudder complex, bilge entrance lines during conjugation of said helical surfaces creates conditions of mutual compensation of vortex flows under stern counter, that is required for general stabilization translational flow and damping of external wave disturbances in the zone of roll rudders and stabilizers action.EFFECT: invention promotes better navigation and low rolling in conditions of intense storm waves, prevents spray icing top decks and causes the possibility of independent navigation in moderate ice.1 cl, 2 dwg

Boat scaffold device and use thereof // 2606733
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for boat scaffold structure containing sections of boat scaffold resting on pontoons. Corresponding end sections of two adjacent sections of boat scaffold are installed with possibility of rotation about horizontally on a common supporting pontoon with the help of accordingly formed by male and female connecting elements. Connecting elements, associated with said two adjacent sections, are connected to the locking element, which restricts their mutual rotational movement between the position, wherein the sections approximately parallel to each other, and the position in which they form an angle α which is less than 180°.EFFECT: structure comprises means to coordinate relative rotary motion sections, so that, when one section is turned about its support in pontoon, the other section is turned in opposite direction about its support in pontoon.18 cl, 10 dwg

Pipe laying ship (versions) and method of pipeline laying (versions) // 2606540
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to pipeline transport and can be used for laying pipelines at the reservoir bottom from a ship. Pipe laying ship includes the main deck and a pipe laying derrick directed upwards from the ship. Derrick comprises a first bottom section directed upward from its proximal end to its distal end located above main deck (103), and second upper section (311) movably installed on the first bottom section. Pipe laying derrick can displace between the first pipe laying position, in which second upper section (311) is located above the first bottom section, and the second folded position, in which second upper section (311) is moved relative to the first bottom section, and total height of the pipe laying derrick is reduced. Pipe is installed with the possibility of movement in the process of laying from second upper section (311) to the first bottom section.EFFECT: technical result: improvement of stability, reliability and durability of the pipe laying derrick and the pipe laying ship in general due to reduction of the derrick center of gravity, higher maneuverability and trafficability of the ship by reducing the derrick height, higher efficiency of loading the pipes on the pipe laying derrick.30 cl, 24 dwg
 
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