Engineering elements or units and general measures for producing and maintaining effective functioning of machines or installations and thermal insulation in general (F16)

F16            Engineering elements or units; general measures for producing and maintaining effective functioning of machines or installations; thermal insulation in general(69766)
F16H - Gearing(13426)
F16N - Lubricating(1241)
Constant-velocity universal joint for helicopter rotor // 2607717
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to designs of propellers hubs on universal link. Constant-velocity universal joint consists of two concentric rings (5A and 5B), wherein first inner ring (5A) has rotary connection with driver (3) two opposite pins (31) connected with transmission shaft (1). Second outer ring (5B) has rotary connection with hub (2) two opposite pins (22). Two concentric rings are also mutually connected by pair of articulated opposite pins (542) at angle of 90° relative to pins (31) connected with transmission shaft, and relative to hub pins (22), which common axis (CA) is stably maintained in plane, called homokinetic, dividing angle between hub (2) axis of rotation and transmission shaft (1) axis of rotation in halves, by means of at least one or two devices (6). At that, bisectors are connected with transmission shaft and with hub.EFFECT: enabling continuous transmission of rotational movement between transmission shaft (1) and said hub (2), to which blades (7) are attached regardless of hub angle of inclination relative to driving shaft.10 cl, 12 dwg
Safety connecting device, in particular, for pipeline, end connecting coupling of such device and method of nut producing for it // 2607704
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety connection device. Device connects first end connecting coupling (1) with second end connecting coupling (2), in particular, for pipeline. Nut (15) has threaded hole (17), in which first end connecting coupling (1) is screwed in along longitudinal axis (X). In tightening position first end connecting coupling (1) supports axial mechanical stress with arranged in nut second end connecting coupling (2). Rotation preventing device is provided between nut (15, 115) and, at least, one (2) of end connecting couplings, in order to prevent relative rotation, except for those cases, when torque exceeding predetermined threshold value is applied to them. Rotation preventing device consists of, at least, one tab (21), made in nut (15) material so, that to create interferences with possibility of locking for, substantially, flat working surfaces formed on second end connecting coupling (2).EFFECT: invention increases connecting device reliability.19 cl, 10 dwg
Valve // 2607702
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: valve for use in combination with painting device, which includes valve body (12), valve spindle (32), which at first free end (36) outside valve body (12) holds sealing element (40) and installed with possibility to displace between closing and opening positions inside valve body (12). Valve spindle (32) includes at least first piston element (44) and second piston element (54), first piston element (44) is directed in first piston chamber (20), and second piston element (54) is directed in second piston chamber (22), which are limited by valve body (12). First piston chamber (20) and second piston chamber (22) are made with possibility to supply pressure fluid medium, respectively, so, that to first piston element (44) and to second piston element (54) force is applied acting in same direction.EFFECT: first and second piston chambers (20, 22) via radial channels (82, 84) are connected to valve body (12) perimeter groove (80) located from outside.9 cl, 2 dwg
Transverse shaft modular connecting link // 2607694
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles differential gears with four gears in integral housing. Differential comprises transverse shaft, satellite first axis, satellite second axis and connecting link. Transverse shaft comprises lengthwise axis and channel passing through transverse shaft perpendicular to longitudinal axis. Channel comprises first opening and second opening. First satellite axis is parallel to first opening central axis. Second satellite axis is parallel to second opening central axis. Connecting link passes through transverse shaft sections, first satellite axis and second satellite axis, mates with first satellite axis and second satellite axis to retain transverse shaft, first satellite axis and second satellite axis inside housing. Assembly method comprises transverse shaft inserting, connection link inserting, second satellite axis inserting, second satellite axis displacement, first satellite axis inserting, connection link passing through transverse shaft openings, connection link fastening with second satellite axis.EFFECT: reduced structure dimensions and weight.20 cl, 3 dwg
Hydraulic control system for vehicle // 2607684
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Hydraulic control system for vehicle having engine, contains oil pumps, oil reception part, oil channels and check valves. First oil pump is mechanical pump and driven by vehicle moving force source. Second oil pump is electrically driven pump and driven by electric motor. Oil channels connect oil pumps with oil reception part. First check valve is located between combination point and first oil pump. Second check valve is located between combination point and second oil pump. Combination point is part, where first oil channel and second oil channel are combined with each other. Combination point and second oil pump are connected by means of third oil channel. Third oil channel includes throttle mechanism.EFFECT: enabling improving of hydraulic control system operating characteristics.4 cl, 5 dwg
Pipelines transition through vehicle road // 2607577
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of pipeline systems and is used in construction of gas collection headers at transitions through vehicle roads in complex engineering-permafrost conditions. In the body of a road bed there is a case laid in the form of a metal pipe with the diameter of 3,400 mm resting on a pile foundation. Gas collection header and a methanol pipeline are arranged inside the case in protective jackets. Protective jackets are placed on traverses arranged on support tables mounted in the case.EFFECT: invention provides higher safety of pipelines operation and vehicles traffic safety over the transition.4 cl, 3 dwg
Self-locking sealing device // 2607572
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: sealing device contains plug, made with possibility of arrangement in housing threaded hole and removal from it by screwing in and unscrewing. Plug comprises central body with thread, and locking and disengagement device, preventing spontaneous unscrewing of plug, automatically actuated by plug rotation and its corresponding displacement along longitudinal axis. Locking and disengagement device includes two detachable connecting elements, first of which in rotation is engaged with central body, and second is made with possibility of its rotation relative to housing locking. Plug comprises skirt, rigidly connected with central body and having support area, made with possibility of interacting directly with second element support area. First element is engaged with central body with possibility of their combined rotation by means of guiding devices, made on first element periphery and extending in radial direction relative to longitudinal axis. Guiding devices enter corresponding grooves, made inside skirt and extending along longitudinal axis, providing possibility of first element movement inside skirt along longitudinal axis.EFFECT: invention enables eliminate plug unscrewing from housing under influence of aircraft engine vibrations.18 cl, 5 dwg
Structural unit and assembly method thereof // 2607550
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to structural units and a method of their assembly. Assembly comprises a first element of unit and a second element of unit, connected to each other by means of a connecting device comprising a first connecting element and a second connecting element, where first connecting element has a first segment, rigidly mounted in first element of unit, and a second segment arranged in second element of unit, and second connecting element has at least one connecting segment arranged in said second element of unit. Second segment of first connecting element comprises one or more recesses to accommodate corresponding section of connecting segment of second connecting element and coupling with it, in order to prevent disconnection between first element of unit and second element of unit, limiting exit of first connecting element from second element of unit. First element of unit is a main pipe of a bicycle frame, and second element of unit is a bicycle frame, and both elements of unit are made from cardboard.EFFECT: higher reliability of connection of elements between each other.20 cl, 7 dwg
Threaded connections sealing lubricant // 2607520
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to lubricant for sealing of threaded connections, containing fluorine-containing copolymer, graphite, corrosion inhibitor, supplemented with resilient elastic acrylic copolymer and solvent at following ratio of components in %: Resilient elastic acrylic copolymer 10–18; Fluorine-containing copolymer 25–40; Graphite 4–6; Corrosion inhibitor 0.5–5.0; Solvent 49–58.EFFECT: technical result of this invention is improvement of threaded connections sealing lubricant reliability and efficiency due to reducing force during multiple screwing down - unscrewing and preventing metal “baking”.1 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
ethod of balancing wheel // 2607496
FIELD: motor industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to motor transport. Method of balancing wheel includes at least steps of extrusion of a profile of uncured and/or green viscoelastic polymer, which contains at least one filler and have common density more than 0.9 kg/dm3, separations from extruded profile of forementioned polymer section, the length of which correlates with the required for balancing weight, applications of balance weight to wheel rim and solidification of balance weight on the wheel.EFFECT: increase of strength and reduce of cost of balancing wheel.19 cl, 6 dwg
Hydromechanical clutch // 2607493
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, in particular to safety resilient damping couplings. Hydromechanical clutch comprises two half-clutches. Half-clutches are articulated via gear differential transfer mechanism and reversible hydraulic pump. Pump is connected with one of transfer mechanism degrees of freedom and hydraulically connected with hydraulic damper and drain tank. Controlled valve connects reversible hydraulic pump pressure line and hydraulic damper hydraulic space with drain tank. Transfer mechanism can be made in form of conic differential gear.EFFECT: enabling elimination of hydraulic impact during coupling recovery.3 cl, 3 dwg
Kochetov explosion-proof valve // 2607447
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and intended for process equipment explosion protection. Explosion-proof valve with load gate damping system comprises valve body, heat insulating and rupture elements, lined load gate. Lined load gate movable connection with valve body base is made in form of three rods vertically installed in lined load gate peripheral part holes. By lower part rods are fixed in valve body base. In upper part they have damping device. Each of three damping devices is fixed on horizontal bridge, rigidly connected with rod and made in form of round disc. On this disc damping device base is fixed by means of screws. Latter is made from rigid vibration damping material of “Agat” type. Base is connected to bushing from elastomer and has central hole, through which rod is passing. Bushing has, at least, three holes, which are coaxial with rod, in which resilient elements are arranged, for example, cylindrical helical springs. Said springs upper end is connected to damping device base by means of fastening elements, and lower end is in free state and protrudes beyond bushing bottom plane at distance defined by force, generated by impact blast wave. To bushing end surface, on arranged in holes resilient elements free end side, coaxial with rod, safety element made in form of conical surface is rigidly connected. Cone lower base rests against bushing, and top is made with hole, into which enters rod.EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher efficiency of process equipment protection against explosions by increasing lined load gate damping.1 cl, 4 dwg
ulti-cylinder in-line internal combustion engine for vehicle and method for operation thereof // 2607440
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multiple-cylinder row internal combustion engine for motor vehicle, containing crankshaft (10) rotating during internal combustion engine operation around crankshaft axis (15), and multiple crank bends (11, 12, 13), following one after another along axis, wherein each crank bend (11, 12, 13) is connected to corresponding cylinder (1, 2, 3) in internal combustion engine, and compensating device for at least partial compensation of inertia forces, formed on crankshaft (10) by rotating masses. Compensating device comprises at least two balancing weights (31, 32), wherein they are arranged considering inertia tensor so, that vibration transmission vector generated during internal combustion engine operation passes at angle γ≠0 relative to vertical, wherein resultant transmission pitch variation is less, than in version with vertically directed vibrations vector.EFFECT: technical result is improved resistance to vehicle vibrations.7 cl, 6 dwg
Pipe coupling // 2607422
FIELD: production of fittings.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pipe coupling (11) for connecting two pipe ends, comprising clamp band (12) having longitudinal slot (31) with first longitudinal slot side (32) and second longitudinal slot side (33) spaced therefrom, and clamping mechanism (21) for reducing inside diameter of clamp band (12), and bridging element (36) for bridging longitudinal slot (31), which bridging element extends from first longitudinal slot side (32) in direction of second longitudinal slot side (33). Bridging element (36) is provided on inside of clamp band (12) and extends from first longitudinal slot side (32) in direction of second longitudinal slot side (33) over a curved portion, length of curved portion being smaller than inner circumference of clamp band. Furthermore, distance element (41) running in a curved portion is fixed to inside of clamp band (12), edge (42) of distance element (41) facing towards second longitudinal slot side (33) being spaced apart from said second longitudinal slot side (33), and said edge (42) of distance element (41) forming a stop for free end (37) of bridging element (36).EFFECT: disclosed is a pipe coupling for connection of two ends of pipes.18 cl, 4 dwg
Grounding nut // 2607314
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to grounding nut, in which conductivity state between said nut and bolt can be achieved. Grounding nut, having threaded hole, interacting with bolt, on which screw thread is made with pitch P, wherein for all thread turns, made in threaded hole, thread pitch Pn exceeds bolt thread pitch P, and thread profile angle θ is more than 60 degrees, and on part of threaded hole cutout is made in axial direction, passing in axial direction, wherein screw thread end surface, facing to said cutout is made in form of cutting edge.EFFECT: this allows to enable conductivity by removing coating film from bolt.10 cl, 8 dwg
Hybrid power plant with controlled reversible electrical machine kinematic circuit and device for its implementation // 2607150
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Hybrid power plant kinematic circuit, containing internal combustion engine, clutch coupling, reversible electrical machine, gearbox, main gear and intermediate gear unit, wherein reversible electrical machine shaft is kinematically connected with gearbox input shaft via engaged-disengaged gearing with variable axle spacing. Kinematic circuit implementation device comprises reversible electrical machine shaft and gearbox input shaft, arranged in parallel with constant axle spacing with gears fixed on them, and intermediate gear, arranged on movable axis with possibility of turning around reversible electrical machine shaft and fixation by stopper.EFFECT: absence of need to synchronize shifted gear gears rotation speeds.2 cl, 4 dwg
Tow-row roller bearing // 2607146
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly to roller bearings. Two-row roller rolling bearing comprises inner split race (4), outer race (1) and rolling bodies in form of rollers (7). Inner split race (4) has cylindrical bearing races (5) on its halves and equipped with collars (8) located along bearing races (5) outer edges. Race (4) bearing races (5) are aligned by bearing assembling conditions with formation of common surface. External race (4) has two cylindrical bearing races (2), separated in race central part by common collar (3). At bearing races (2) edges on opposite sides relative to common collar (3) introduced into device collars (8) are arranged. Rollers (7) ends have spherical shape of sphere with sphere radius equal to roller (7) radius. Races (2, 5) have shape mating to rollers (7) profile.EFFECT: increasing of permissible load in axial direction which bearing reacts to.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of rubber-metal shock absorber making // 2607119
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Increasing strength of connection between resilient rubber element different formulation rubbers prior to curing by accelerated forced diffusion, effecting with ultrahigh frequency current within 2,200–2,450 MHz for 2.5–3.5 minutes at power of 650–700 W. Simultaneously non-uniformly heating resilient rubber element workpiece array in range of 65–75°C with gradual outer surface temperature decreasing from center to periphery within range of 35–25°C. Resilient rubber element together with plates is installed in heated mold and cured by heat transfer from heating plates.EFFECT: enabling increasing of bonding strength between different formulation rubbers.1 cl, 2 dwg
Tight joint, in particular for liquid under pressure // 2607100
FIELD: sealing equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sealing devices. Tight joint, in particular for liquid under pressure, comprises support insert (2) with axial side flange (3) and radial side flange (4) and tight seal (5) made from PTFE, which is arranged on the said insert covering, at least partially, outer surface (3') of axial side flange (3) and making inner flexible sealing edge (6) intended for to be applied against the sealed structural element, such as a shaft. Said sealing edge includes an annular section primarily resting on the sealed structural element and an arched connecting annular section. Sealing edge (6) has small thickness (EL), as a rule less than 0.8 mm to make, in absence of stress, in fact, a hollow cylinder or a ring shaped as a truncated cone with the apex angle of 90°-α, where α ranges from 10 to 50°.EFFECT: invention simplifies the device.14 cl, 9 dwg
Fastener for element of furniture fittings // 2607053
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a fastener for fastening elements of furniture fittings to a piece of furniture and aims at increasing reliability of fastening. Fastener for fastening furniture fittings to a piece of furniture, wherein using said fastener element of furniture fittings can be fastened to a piece of furniture, optionally, left side element of furniture fittings or right side of element of furniture fittings, comprising a connecting element with two areas of connecting element for fastening element of furniture fittings to a piece of furniture, and fastening element with a through opening, wherein connecting element is at least partially located in through opening and is configured to move relative to fastening element, wherein connecting element has at least one thrust element, which is configured for restricted movement relative to connecting element.EFFECT: higher reliability.22 cl, 25 dwg
Hydraulic damper with electric generator // 2607034
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Damper comprises working cylinder (1) with working fluid and installed inside rod (2) with spring (3) and composite piston (4) with compression (5) and recoil (6) valves. Compensation chamber (7) is connected with working cylinder (1) via high pressure pipeline (8) and has inside additional piston (9) separating working fluid and inert gas, and dividing piston (10) with valve (11). Around compensation Chamber (7) lower part electric generator winding (12) is installed, concentrically to which annular permanent magnet (13) is arranged. In high pressure pipeline (8) there is sealing piston (14). Working fluid in cavities from sealing piston (14) to additional piston (9) is ferromagnetic fluid. Concentric to sealing (14) and additional (9) pistons annular permanent magnets (15) are arranged.EFFECT: enabling damper elements oscillations energy recovery into electric energy.1 cl, 1 dwg
Axle electromagnetic disconnection system // 2607012
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle axle disconnection system. Electromagnetic axle disconnection system disconnection plug comprises driven shaft housing, provided with driven shaft bearing and armature with winding rigidly attached to it. Pressure plate and sliding cam clutch are connected with driven shaft with possibility of sliding. During rotation driven shaft is in contact with driven shaft bearing. Said system also comprises drive shaft housing, rigidly attached to driven shaft housing. Drive shaft bearing is rigidly fixed in drive shaft housing.EFFECT: electromagnetic disconnection system also comprises disconnecting spring and axially fixed cam clutch, rigidly attached to driving shaft end passing axially through opening in drive shaft housing.12 cl, 8 dwg, 2 tbl
Constant-velocity joint with cooling ring // 2607011
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to constant-velocity joints. Constant velocity joint comprises external housing and inner cage, located inside external housing and separated from it with a gap. External housing and inner cage are made with possibility of rotation around first and second rotation axes, respectively and with possibility to move relative to each other to change angle between axes of rotation. Between external housing and inner cage there is a separator, in which openings are made. In external housing grooves and inner cage grooves made on external housing inner surface and inner cage outer surface, respectively, can roll plurality of balls, each of which is retained in appropriate separator opening. Rotation of one of elements – external housing or inner cage – relative to its corresponding axis of rotation leads to rotation of second of these elements. On external housing cooling element is arranged in contact with at least part of external housing outer surface. Disclosed are drives and transport facilities, using disclosed constant-velocity joint.EFFECT: higher functional capabilities.24 cl, 10 dwg
Hydraulic coupling // 2607008
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, and specifically to hydraulic couplings. In hydraulic coupling energy is transferred by fluid, which passes through turbine, moving inside turbine wheel blades, made in form of rounded channel passage.EFFECT: enabling higher efficiency at machine acceleration.1 cl, 3 dwg
Symmetrical mesh vibration isolator by kochetov // 2606906
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Vibration isolator contains base, resilient mesh elements, upper and lower pressure washers. Base is located in middle part of vibration isolator and is designed as a plate with fastening holes. Mesh elastic elements are rigidly connected to a foundation by means of backup rings. In upper mesh resilient element dry friction damper is axisymmetrically located in center. Damper is designed as the upper press washer, rigidly joint with centered ring enclosed by the axially located ring, rigidly connected with the base. Between the lower pressure washer and lower mesh resilient element vibration damping material is arranged made of three intermediate layers.EFFECT: enabling increased efficiency of vibration isolation in resonance mode.1 cl, 2 dwg
Circular conical spring // 2606904
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Spring consists of larger and smaller diameter alternating annular resilient cone discs, arranged between base and cover. Edges of discs are bent in opposite directions along radius providing connection. Each disc comprises three radial slots directed from larger to smaller base. Each of the radial slots is ended by hole for stress relieving. Gauze damper base is fixed on cover. On base, made in form of a plate there is a lower washer. Mesh element is arranged on lower washer and fixed by upper pressure washer. Ring connected with top washer is surrounded by ring connected to base of gauze damper. Internal discs and spherical segments lateral tapered surfaces are coated with vibration damping material, for example, polyurethane. Surface located along base perimeter is coated with friction material layer.EFFECT: enabling increased efficiency of vibration isolation in resonance mode.1 cl, 2 dwg
Kochetov circular conical spring // 2606903
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Spring consists of alternating annular resilient cone discs of larger and smaller diameters, arranged between base and cover. Edges of discs are bent in opposite directions along radius providing connection. Each disc comprises three radial slots directed from larger to smaller base. Each of the radial slots is ended by hole for stress relieving. Internal discs and spherical segments lateral tapered surfaces are coated with vibration damping material, for example, polyurethane. Mating surfaces of inner disc lateral conical surfaces with base are coated with frictional material.EFFECT: enabling increased efficiency of vibration isolation in resonance mode.1 cl, 2 dwg
Aseismic building // 2606884
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to repair, recovery or erection of aseismic buildings and structures. This is achieved by fact, that in aseismic building, containing anti-vibration foundation, horizontal and vertical bearing structures with vibration insulation system, inner partition walls, building roof, as well as door and window openings with reinforcement, basic bearing ceiling slabs are equipped with a damping system at their attachment to the building bearing walls, consisting of horizontal vibration isolators, receiving vertical static and dynamic loads, as well as vertical vibration isolators, receiving horizontal static and dynamic loads, floor is made on elastic base and includes mounting plate, made of concrete materia reinforced by vibration damping, which is installed on base plate of inter-floor slab with cavities through the layers of vibration damping material and waterproofing material with clearance relative to bearing walls of production room, wherein cavities of base plate are filled with vibration damping material, for example foamed polymer, and each of vibration isolators is beaded, mesh and comprises a base, elastic mesh elements, interacting with the base, base is located in the middle part of the vibration isolator and is designed as a plate with fastening holes, and mesh elastic elements, top with upper pressure washer and bottom, with lower pressure washer, are rigidly connected to the base by means of support rings, in the upper mesh elastic element, in the centre, the dry friction damper is located axisymmetrically, dry friction damper is made in the form of upper pressure washer, rigidly connected to the central ring, enclosed by the coaxial ring, rigidly connected to the base, the density of the mesh structure of the resilient mesh elements is within the optimal range of 1.2 g/cm3÷2.0 g/cm3, wire material of elastic mesh elements is steel EI-708, and its diameter is within optimal range of values from 0.09 mm÷0.15 mm, density of the meshy structure of the external layers of the mesh element by 1.5 times exceeds the density of the meshy structure of their internal layers of the elastic mesh element, elastic mesh elements are combined from a mesh frame, filled with elastomer, for example polyurethane, in the lower mesh elastic element, in the centre, dry friction damper is located axisymmetrically, dry friction damper is made in the form of lower pressure washer, rigidly connected to the central ring, enclosed by the coaxial ring, rigidly connected with the base.EFFECT: technical result is enhanced buildings or structures, reducing their vulnerability under action of wind loads and earthquakes, improvement of seismic safety, durability and residual life.1 cl, 8 dwg
Winder // 2606871
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to winding device. Winding device includes two side frames in horizontal direction separated by telescopic separating crosspiece. Each of side frames includes axis on supports for installation of cable drum, tube and/or hose. Telescopic separating crosspiece comprises, at least, one outer pipe and, at least, one internal pipe, installed with possibility of extension and sliding one inside another, and locking device arranged between outer pipe and inner pipe, which serves for external and internal pipes locking in adjustable position. Locking device includes cut part located in section along internal pipe length and dividing this inner pipe into sections, and power element adapted to create separating force acting on inner pipe said cut part for pressing said sections to outer pipe inner surface. Outer and inner pipes have square cross-section shape, and power element comprises inflatable bag, or hydraulic cylinder, or electric cylinder.EFFECT: invention is intended for higher reliability of device.7 cl, 5 dwg
Transport pipeline connector // 2606734
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to means of transportation of viscous and very sensitive to temperature of fluid media via pipeline, consisting of heat exchange pipelines sections, connection parts, intermediate parts, discharging parts, distribution parts, pumps, filters. Supported at constant temperature connecting element (1) for transportation of viscous fluid medium contains excess pressure release element (2), separating connection part inner part from discharge pipeline (4) and attached to outlet pipeline with external edge (5). Overpressure release element is made so, that to open outlet pipeline at specified excess pressure in connection part. Inside connection part mixing element is provided, mixing fluid medium flow at excess pressure release element (2) section. There is method of viscous fluid medium transportation at heat exchange pipeline from said connecting part.EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at prevention of non-uniformity of flowing medium temperature, viscosity and pressure due to its constant mixing.15 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl
Support ring assembly for high pressure sealing // 2606717
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to support ring assembly for high pressure sealing, provided together with said support ring assembly for vessel cover, capable to slide and turn relative to axis and installed in high-pressure vessel cylindrical part, wherein high pressure sealing ensures said high pressure vessel cylindrical part sealing in radial direction using support ring assembly, and maximum pressure exerted by fluid medium on said bearing ring assembly and high pressure sealing is up to 10,000 Bar. Said support ring assembly has (if seen from fluid medium side): said assembly axial fastener (6); sealing ring (4), adjacent to vessel cover (1) and preliminary stressed in radial direction; at least one support ring with sidewise located end surface (7), which is perpendicular to vessel cover (1) axis.EFFECT: at least one support ring assembly (8) has at least two shaped parts, which profile provides possibility of adjacency to each other; wherein said shaped part adjoin each other and contain conical mating surfaces (12), which are parallel to each other in part, where they adjoin each other; wherein one of parallel conical conjugated surfaces (12) starts from end surface (7).14 cl, 6 dwg
Valve with leak-tight stem sealing // 2606714
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: valve is designed for use as operating gate valve in underwater flowing wellhead equipment. Valve comprises, at least, one sealing to ensure tightness between stem and cover, wherein said sealing has identical inner sealing diameter on stem side, outer sealing relative to whole body or cover element. Each of seals on side opposite to protective housing, and in direction opposite to protective housing rests on supporting mechanism, consisting of support ring, following segmented loading ring and following locking ring.EFFECT: segmented loading ring has wedge-like shape, which widest part is at upper radial external surface, so that axial forces acting on segmented loading ring, have component, which presses segmented loading ring to cover or to cover element with provision of segmented loading ring projection pressing inside cover or cover element groove.7 cl, 3 dwg
Vehicle disc brake and brake pad // 2606659
FIELD: car industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry, particularly, to disc brakes. Vehicle disc brake comprises brake disc, support and braking mechanism shield. Braking mechanism shield comprises support projections, on which brake pad bearing plate rests from input and output side. Brake pad is fixed in braking mechanism shield and rotated by movement against brake disc rotation direction around axis of rotation. Disc brake braking pad comprises bearing plate and friction layer fixed on it. Bearing plate includes side support surfaces. Bearing plate contact profile includes support surface with inclination angle relative to Y axis in pad support on braking mechanism shield radial highest zone.EFFECT: enabling higher balanced forces distribution between two support projections at braking.30 cl, 12 dwg
Structural element positioning setting device // 2606657
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aviation equipment, particularly, to structural element positioning setting device (1), for example, horizontal tail. Setting device (1) contains at least two loading paths (2, 3), wherein loading paths (2, 3) are formed by group of load transmitting parts. At that, second loading path (3) comprises gap (50, 51) to take elongation of, at least, one part of first loading path (2). Besides, setting device (1) comprises fixing unit (4) with fixation device (40). Fixing device (40) enters gap (50, 51), if first loading path (2) part is damaged.EFFECT: higher reliability.10 cl, 9 dwg
Vehicle with combined power plant transmission gearbox connective and transforming device // 2606652
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, and more specifically to transmission gearbox of vehicles with combined power plant. Vehicle with combined power plant transmission gearbox connective and transforming device comprises input shaft (1), differential (2) based on three link planetary gear, clutch (3), reduction gear (5), output shaft (7). Clutch (3) is constantly closed type clutch with electromagnetic drive (4). Planetary-type reduction gear (5) is equipped with speed synchronizer (6). Output shaft (7) is connected with reduction gear (5) planetary gear driven link. Differential (2) drive (9) is rigidly connected with input shaft (1). Sun gear (10), forming torque small flow, is connected to friction clutch (3) inner cage (11), and crown gear (12), forming torque larger flow is with friction clutch (3) outer cage (13), combining torque flows. Speed synchronizer (6) movable gear coupling (18) is in contact with shifting mechanism yoke (19), which is controlled with drive (8). Geared element (21) is fixed.EFFECT: enabling expansion of functional capabilities.6 cl, 2 dwg
Thermostatic recirculation valve for fuel filtration module // 2606544
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is thermostatic recirculation valve (TRV) 20, which provides effective heating of fuel module 22 during operation under low temperatures to prevent fuel waxing or its conversion into gel. TRV 20 provides control over heated fuel flow returned into module 22 via channel 40. Control depends on fuel temperature in channel 13 at module output, wherein returned fuel does not contact directly with paraffin element 54. Paraffin element 54 is isolated from direct contact with returned fuel with higher temperature due to elastomer seal 56 application, which prevents direct contact of returned fuel and paraffin element. Moreover, paraffin element is located in module outlet channel 13.EFFECT: invention can be used in fuel injection systems of internal combustion engines (ICE).15 cl, 6 dwg
Distributing valve with built-in flow meter unit // 2606541
FIELD: production of fittings.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to distribution valve with built-in flow meter unit. Distributing valve with built-in flow meter has main stream channel, through which medium can flow in main stream direction, and one secondary flow channel branched from it. Distribution valve housing consists of main pipe with one first connection to pipeline, one second connection to pipeline and one branch located between them. Main stream channel passes in main pipe from first pipeline connection to second pipeline connection. First housing part serves to receive one housing rod. First part of housing has wall with hole, which forms inlet hole for medium, which can branch from main line in branch. Branch extends into the first part of housing and forms fluid connection between main pipe and first part. First part of housing has outlet hole. Second part serves for receiving flow meter housing. Outlet of first housing part extends into housing second part and forms fluid connection between first part of housing and the second part of housing. At that, second part of housing has an outlet hole, which forms third pipeline connection. Secondary flow channel passes from main line branch to housing second part outlet hole. Main line branching is formed by a hole in the main pipe. At that, main line hole is aligned with housing first part hole forming the inlet hole. Or main line branch is formed by a hole in the main pipe together with section of pipeline. At that, pipeline section between hole forming housing first part inlet hole, and a hole in the main pipe is provided as connection between the main pipe and housing first part.EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplified design, improved sealing of distributing valve.25 cl, 17 dwg
Pipe laying ship (versions) and method of pipeline laying (versions) // 2606540
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to pipeline transport and can be used for laying pipelines at the reservoir bottom from a ship. Pipe laying ship includes the main deck and a pipe laying derrick directed upwards from the ship. Derrick comprises a first bottom section directed upward from its proximal end to its distal end located above main deck (103), and second upper section (311) movably installed on the first bottom section. Pipe laying derrick can displace between the first pipe laying position, in which second upper section (311) is located above the first bottom section, and the second folded position, in which second upper section (311) is moved relative to the first bottom section, and total height of the pipe laying derrick is reduced. Pipe is installed with the possibility of movement in the process of laying from second upper section (311) to the first bottom section.EFFECT: technical result: improvement of stability, reliability and durability of the pipe laying derrick and the pipe laying ship in general due to reduction of the derrick center of gravity, higher maneuverability and trafficability of the ship by reducing the derrick height, higher efficiency of loading the pipes on the pipe laying derrick.30 cl, 24 dwg
Vehicle disc brake and brake pad // 2606525
FIELD: car industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to transport car industry, particularly, to disc brakes. Disc brake comprises brake disc, brake support and back plate. On vehicle lateral side brake pad is installed. Back plate comprises support projections. support projection and bearing plate adjoining circuit enable possibility of brake pad replacement by means of rotary motion. Disс brake braking pad includes bearing plate and friction layer. Bearing plate comprises side support surfaces for resting on back plate support projections lateral inner walls. On one of side support surfaces locking cut-down is made. Along circumference bearing plate comprises support contour on outlet side, including bearing surface inclined at angle to Y axis.EFFECT: enabling increasing of balanced forces distribution between two support projections for brake pad supporting.18 cl, 12 dwg
ethod for mounting elastomer modular elements on support surfaces // 2606475
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to classification of loose materials used in ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, as well as coal and construction industry. Method for reinforcement of elastomer modular elements on support surfaces by introducing fixed on support surfaces inserts in appropriate cavities of elastomer modular elements, having an insert mating surface. Inserts are used, each of which having a leg and a spherical head, and elastomer modular elements with cavities, walls of each of which have a surface mating leg and spherical head of corresponding insert to allow tight fit of walls of each cavity to surface of corresponding insert. Each insert before entering corresponding cavity of elastomer modular elements coated with layer of oil. Insert used each have a diameter of spherical head, equal to diameter of insert-matting spherical surface of corresponding cavity of elastomer modular elements. Inserts used each have diameter of spherical head greater than diameter of insert-mating spherical surface of corresponding cavity of elastomer modular elements. Inserts are used, part of which has diameter of spherical head, equal to diameter of insert-mating spherical surface of corresponding cavity of elastomer modular elements, and part has diameter of spherical head, greater than diameter of insert-mating spherical surface of corresponding cavity of elastomer modular elements. Inserts are used, each having a conical leg narrowing towards spherical head.EFFECT: technical result is increased reliability of mounting elastomer modular elements.6 cl, 3 dwg
Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment // 2606472
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of buildings and structures, in particular to devices for heat-insulating materials attachment to bearing structures. Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment contains a pin with a cylindrical body and plastic thermal protective head, solid plastic retaining element, which consists of a pressure plate, bush, guiding the pin, and a seat in the form of hole arranged between the bush and pressure plate for arrangement of the pin head after its input. Pin head is equipped with an external expanding ring on the side of the pressure plate. Inlet part of the hole of retaining element is provided with mating stepped expansion. In the pin head there is a socket made in the form of a polygonal blind hole. Inside the retaining element at the bottom of pin seat there is a projection made in the form of an annular platform. Pin body can be plastic or metal.EFFECT: higher reliability of a fastener.3 cl, 7 dwg
Quick-detachable wellhead check valve // 2606471
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shutoff valves and can be used in wellhead production equipment manifold. Valve comprises hollow body with main component and dischargeable component supply branch pipes and main and dischargeable components mixture discharge branch pipe, in which is arranged with its crossing perpendicular to inner cavity axis, shutting-off device, having movable and stationary parts. At that, shutting-off device, opening or locking fluid (oil) cavity communication with annular space gas cavity, is made in form of spool with left-hand thread, which forms with seat inner cavity for screw insert with right-hand thread and additional seat-ball-spring shut-off element. Screw insert is equipped with diametrical longitudinal gas transmitting grooves and radial channels for automatic gas discharge.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of wellhead valve reliability.9 cl, 2 dwg
Gas turbine engine support post assembly // 2606462
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a support post assembly for a body support of a functional unit of a gas turbine, to a gas turbine and to a method of supporting the body of a functional unit of a gas turbine. Assembly (100) of the support post includes body (101) of the post for supporting the unit on a base, ball rotary element (102), which is arranged able to turn on body (101) of the post forming a ball hinge, and swinging lever (103) installed on element (102). Lever (103) is intended to be inserted in support hole (121) of support body (120), which is part of the body or the base. Lever (103) is intended to be inserted in hole (121) with movable fit so that turning point (105) is created in the first zone of contact between lever (103) and internal surface (122) of hole (121), so that the possibility of rotation of lever (103) inside hole (121) around point (105) is provided. Elastomer spring and damping element (104) is installed on lever (103) so that the possibility is provided of placing element (104) between lever (103) and body (120) to ensure centering force and damping lever (103) turn relative to body (120) around point (105).EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at providing effective maintenance of a gas turbine.17 cl, 8 dwg
icroporous heat-insulating material // 2606440
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat-insulating materials production and can be used in aerospace engineering, in instrument making, machine building, construction and other industries. Microporous heat-insulating material consists of spherical amorphous silicon dioxide particles with size of 100 mcm and flat silicon dioxide particles with size of up to 20 nm, silica fibres with diameter of 2–3 mcm, and plate-shaped mineral powder filler with particles size of 2–7 mcm, in following ratio of components, wt%: spherical particles of amorphous silicon dioxide 37.4–43.6; silica fibre 4.5–8.4; flat particles of amorphous silicon dioxide 19.3–24.8; titanium dioxide 27.3–33.2.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce of microporous heat-insulating material heat conductivity coefficient without essential deterioration of its strength characteristics.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
Resin composition for making pipes based on rigid upvc with high strength and resistance to hydrostatic pressure, and pipes made from rigid upvc // 2606437
FIELD: chemistry; valve production.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to resin compositions for pipes made from rigid impact-resistant polyvinyl chloride (UPVC), having excellent strength and resistance to hydrostatic pressure, which contains polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with K value to from 72 to 84, from 1 pts.wt to 3 pts.wt tin stabiliser and from 1 pts.wt to 10 pts.wt lubricant based on methacrylate per 100 pts.wt PVC resin with K value from 72 to 84.EFFECT: invention also relates to a pipe made from rigid UPVC, having excellent strength and resistance to hydrostatic pressure, made by extrusion of said resin composition.7 cl, 2 tbl
Planetary gear for aircraft made with possibility of hovering // 2606423
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to helicopters and converter planes reduction gears. Planetary gear for aircraft (1) made with possibility of hovering, has sun gear (7), rotating around first axis (A), fixed crown gear (9) located coaxially with first axis (A) and radially outside relative to sun gear (7). Plurality of planetary gears (11) are placed between teeth of sun (7) and crown gears (9), engaged with them and rotating around corresponding second axes (B), which, in turn, are turned around first axis (A). Lubricant supply device (16) has several nozzles (17) arranged around first axis (A) and sun gear (7) to create lubricant circular flow (F).EFFECT: better lubrication of sun gear.12 cl, 7 dwg
Vehicle wheel brake mechanism // 2606407
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly to trackless vehicles. Vehicle wheel brake mechanism comprises a support disk with brake shoes, tension springs and a braking cylinder. In the lower part of the brake shoes there are rods passing through bushings rigidly fixed on the support disk and equipped with taper thrusts interacting with a wedge block connected by links with upper ends of the brake shoes.EFFECT: provided is longer service life of brake shoes due to uniform wear of their pads.1 cl, 1 dwg
Braking device for process machine // 2606353
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in portable manual technological machines. Braking device comprises at least one brake assembly intended to, create in the position of braking of brake force at least partially convert one relative motion between driving element of brake unit and brake unit braking element in another relative motion between driving element and brake elements. In braking device at least one moving unit is provided at least to, at least in one working state to displace brake element in the direction of driving element generate force component acting in direction of driving element.EFFECT: as a result, reliable transfer of brake unit in unconstrained position is enabled, as well as spontaneous separation of braking device elements is eliminated.10 cl, 8 dwg
Self-fixing connecting elements for panel structures and methods of their production // 2606332
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite structures and aims at increasing reliability of connection. Method of making self-fixing connecting element in panel structure, including:provision of panel structure including two face sheets and core part, baffle between them to form multilayer structure; making in first part of panel structure slot holes with self-fixing end parts; making on second part of panel structure elongation in form of projection with flexible self-fixing elements, which contain envelope parts and parts for engagement, wherein between parts for engagement and end side of panel structure there are gaps; and mutual fixation of flexible self-fixing elements of elongation in form of a projection with self-fixing end parts of slotted hole to make self-fixing connecting element in panel structure. Step of making on second part of panel structure additionally involves making elongation in form of projection with converging sides to be fitted in said slot hole, size of which is greater than size of slot holes, so that flexible self-fixing elements are mutually locked with self-fixing end parts without possibility of extracting of elongation in form of ledge slot hole.EFFECT: higher reliability.13 cl, 26 dwg
ethod and system for abandoning/recovering (a/r) the pipeline using a rope connected to the pipeline and adapter for implementing said method // 2606289
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to laying of underwater pipelines from a vessel and can be used in case of need to abandon the pipeline at the bottom or recover its back to the vessel. When performing abandoning/recovering operations rope connected with pipeline is wound/unwound by hauling machine. Part of the weight of the pipeline is received by at least one crawler pipeline tensioning device which is adapted to grip the rope and to apply additional pulling force to a part of the rope between the pipeline and hauling machine. Stage of adapting includes winding of two adapter devices on two crawler belts of tensioning device and on opposite sides of the rope. Wherein each crawler belt is shaped so as to mate with the pipeline, and each adapter device is such a shape as to mate with the crawler belt on one side and with the rope on the other side.EFFECT: reduced capacity of hauling machine, uniform distribution of pulling force, preventing jerking and slippage of rope retained by crawler tensioning device.18 cl, 8 dwg
 
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