Weapons (F41)

F41            Weapons(6547)
ethod of moving object homing basing on information on fact of target sighting and device for its implementation (versions) // 2607758
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: object trajectory is formed as cyclically repeating arched sections, along which the object moves with a preset (maximum) angular speed equal in magnitude but opposite in sign. Every two sections are combined into a cycle, which begins and ends with the fact of coincidence of the object speed vector direction with the target line of sight, and the angular speed sign is changed inside the cycle as per the fact of coincidence of inclination angles relative to an inertial coordinate system of lines connecting the object and the target at the beginning of the cycle and at the given moment. Also proposed are devices implementing the above said method.EFFECT: proposed is a method of a moving object homing basing on information on the fact of a target sighting in case of coincidence of the radar axis direction with the object speed vector direction.4 cl, 4 dwg
Shipboard artillery mount magazine // 2607700
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, specifically to shipboard artillery mount magazines. Magazine comprises revolving drum, two elevators, two reloaders, drive, ensuring drum continuous uniform rotation during firing, and loading device and re-ammunitioning. Revolving drum is connected to cradle by means of annular rotary support. Rounds reloaders are made in form of four link slider-rocker mechanism. Loading device and re-ammunitioning, ready for automatic firing, is made with provision of round transverse displacement at its entrance to said device and longitudinal displacement at exit from it.EFFECT: enabling higher probability of ship artillery mount reliable service.3 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of compensating recoil impact on vehicle and device implementing thereof // 2607495
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to weapons, namely to a method of compensating the impact of recoil on a vehicle and to a device implementing thereof. Compensation of the recoil impact on a vehicle includes complete or partial compensation of the gun recoil installed on the vehicle on the position and/or motion parameters of this vehicle by automatic changing parameters of this vehicle power plant operation for the shot time or for a time interval, the beginning of which is less than 10 sec prior to the shot start and the end of which is less than 10 sec prior to the shot end.EFFECT: provided is higher accuracy of firing during the vehicle motion, as well as the vehicle controllability during shooting the gun installed on the vehicle.6 cl
Simulator for guided weapon system operators training // 2607428
FIELD: training means.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to training technical equipment and can be used in simulators for guided weapon systems operators training complexes during training in “training”, “self-development” modes in order to obtain, maintain and improve corresponding “combat” operation skills. Launcher (L) simulator includes operator viewing channel rotating relative to attachment axis, swivel simulator with vertical and horizontal targeting drives, braking device, launching mechanism, microcomputer unit, arranged in launcher simulator dimensional housing. Housing is installed on support fixed on operator workstation table. Operator's headphones are connected to control and monitoring unit audio output via launcher simulator. Dimensional housing connection element is made in form of pin. Handle locks L simulator in horizontal plane. Support is made in form of hollow tube and includes cylindrical slide with threaded tip, inside of which damping spring is located, locking and transporting screws and turning latch.EFFECT: approximation of operators training to real conditions.1 cl, 3 dwg
Parts for cleaning to maintain firearms in operating condition // 2607342
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to tools for cleaning to maintain firearms in operating condition and brushes for firearms cleaning. Tool in any embodiment comprises flexible brush attachment and brush device. Flexible brush attachment contains resistant to rotation cable containing two or more layer of strands, having different directions of twisting. Brush device is connected with flexible brush attachment. Brush device comprises lengthwise twisted wire base, which captures plurality of bristles extending from it in radial direction, wherein bristles include soft bristles, mixed with rigid bristles. Brush for firearms cleaning comprises twisted wire base and brush device with two tiers. Brush device comprises plurality of bristles, captured by base and extending from it in radial direction.EFFECT: enabling cleaning tool development not damaging firearms part during cleaning, as well as higher efficiency of firearms parts cleaning.7 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of increasing accuracy of automatic fire in short bursts // 2607152
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to individual automatic small arms and cartridges for them, as well as to special methods of reloading magazines, and can be used to increase accuracy of fire in short bursts owing to changing trajectory of every next bullet in the burst. Method of increasing accuracy of automatic fire in short bursts includes preliminary charging a magazine with a set of cartridges. Set of cartridges is preliminarily sorted and divided into groups, each of which includes at least two cartridges, herewith each of them within the group has given individual structural parameters of bullets. For convenience of sorting spouts of the cartridges bullets within the group are colored into individual colours, for example, for the first bullet in the group red may be used, and for the second one – green colour.EFFECT: higher efficiency of automatic fire from individual weapons due to partial change of structural parameters of bullets.3 cl, 5 dwg
Gun barrel retainer and barrel assembly, equipped with at least one such retainer // 2606660
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to weapons, particularly, to gun barrel retainers and of multi-barrel small fire arms barrel units with said retainer. Barrel retainer fastens at least two barrels of hand fire arms. Retainer comprises first retaining part and second retaining part. First part is fixed on first barrel, second retaining part receives second barrel. Second retaining part is made with possibility of displacement relative to first retaining part by means of parallel guiding trunnions. Adjustment device includes adjusting screw located in middle between guiding trunnions, and counter screw, coaxial with adjusting screw.EFFECT: creation of stable and undivertable attachment of barrels, at which barrel movement is possible.12 cl, 14 dwg
Hand firearm with block carrier // 2606247
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely, to hand fire arms with box and block carrier. Block carrier has shaft placed on breech box with possibility to turn. Weapon includes locking mechanism for detachable attachment of block carrier in fixation position. Locking mechanism comprises locking lever with retainer and corresponding to retainer stop. Locking lever is arranged with possibility to turn on block carrier or breech box in transverse direction relative to block carrier shaft rotational axis.EFFECT: enabling simplification of block carrier fixation position changing.11 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of exploitation of underwater vehicles // 2606150
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of exploitation of armament and military equipment, namely to methods of exploitation of underwater vehicles (UV) for different carriers, such as submarines, surface ships and coastal complexes. Proposed method of UV exploitation concerns conditions of placing and storing UV on carrier with use of storage device in form of belt or chain conveyor with trays or holders for UV storage or containers with UV, as well as sequence of operations of UV start preparation using starting device depending on type of carrier, which can be submarine, surface ship or coastal complex.EFFECT: invention provides: simplification and acceleration of UV loading on carrier, increased capacity of UV carrier, increased safety of UV carrier, increased range UV, received by carrier, reduced time delays between UV launches, higher secrecy of carrier, when executing UV start.3 cl, 2 tbl
Simulator for training combat tracked vehicles crews without own software // 2606148
FIELD: military equipment; training means.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, particularly to simulators for training combat tracked vehicles crews. Simulator for training combat tracked vehicles crews without own software comprises a computer for processing data from input devices associated with headquarters and from a data output device. For data input virtual gloves and pedals pressure sensors are used. For data output used are: a tank headset and adapted liquid crystal displays ahead of optical surveillance devices of the combat tracked vehicle.EFFECT: provided is the possibility of training crews onboard combat vehicles.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of fencing weapons blades making // 2605886
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sports arms field and can be used during production of fencing weapons blades, in particular backswords, sabres and court swords blades, to increase blade handle and welded seam strength properties while saving used expensive steel and increasing blade rigidity. Two large diameter bar workpieces 1 from carbon steel and smaller diameter polished bar workpiece 2 from martensite-ageing steel are connected by contact butt welding. Then, performing reduction of semi-finished product by cold rolling to form first double stepped workpiece, and then blade required profile: for rapier is rectangular, for sabre is trapezoidal and for court sword is V-shaped.EFFECT: after deformation performing machining with subsequent thermal treatment, carried out in two stages, first hardening only blade section from carbon steel, then, performing tempering of whole blade, wherein performing simultaneous tempering for blade section from martensite-ageing steel and for blade section from carbon steel.1 cl, 4 dwg

Protective screen // 2605807
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protection features of a driver and passengers of a vehicle. Protective screen comprises a flat rectangular armored sheet with an inspection slit. Screen is placed in a box-like frame with possibility of vertical and horizontal reciprocating motion. Buffers-limiters are fixed in the box-like frame along the perimeter inside, outside there are electromagnets, windings of which with possibility of on-off through a distributor of rotor type, switch and plug-in connector are connected to a power supply source.EFFECT: protection of crew while maintaining visibility is achieved.1 cl, 4 dwg

Protective screen // 2605803
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protective screens. Protective screen comprises a frame, a drive mechanism, a protective element and an electric drive. Frame including two crosswise and two lengthwise armoured beams, is equipped with brackets for attachment to a vehicle. In holes of supports of longitudinal beams with possibility of axial rotation are installed and fixed ends of the drive shaft and guide axis of the drive with gear wheels rigidly installed on them, gears of which are inserted in rectangular holes made along the edge of the protective element in the form of a closed tape, made of bulletproof elastic fabric, perforated by horizontal inspection slots. Electric drive comprises a motor, shaft of which is coupled with the drive shaft outlet end by coupling, powered from power supply source via plug-in connector, RPM control, signal lamp, fuse and switch.EFFECT: increase in protective properties is obtained due to the nature of the protective elements movement.1 cl, 3 dwg

Rammer of projectiles mechanized loading of self-propelled artillery mount (spam) // 2605704
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, is intended for material part of the combat compartment of a self-propelled artillery mount (SPAM), in particular for a projectile ramming from the ground and firing from the ground without the ammunition load consumption in the armoured object tower, as well as for the SPAM ammunition load rearming. Rammer of the SPAM projectiles mechanized loading comprises a crankcase with fixed in it a reduction gear with a drive and a chain. Rammer is additionally equipped with a frame containing a ledge in contact with front rollers of the chain block in the beginning of ramming, an intermediate tray, in the inner cavity of which there are a spring-loaded thrust and connected with it a rod with a lever, and a guide articulated with the crankcase, the frame and an adjustable coupling setting the guide motion kinematics. Herewith at the moment of the projectile ramming into a seat of the conveyor the loading path is free from the rammer elements. In the rammer guide there are shaped link rails, along which the chain rollers run. Motion of the chain guide and motion of the chain itself are interlocked and performed from the same drive.EFFECT: technical result is higher rate of fire during operation in the mode of loading projectiles from the ground by implementation of a throughout loading path and avoiding a damage to the fuse during ramming from the tray of the projectiles loading from the ground mechanism to the SPAM conveyor seat.3 cl, 2 dwg

Light small arms with automated electro-optical sighting system and aiming method // 2605664
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons. Light small arms with automatic electro-optical sighting system comprises fore grip with butt, barrel, mounted on fore grip with possibility of its position angular change in two mutually perpendicular planes by means of piezoelectric actuator, located between barrel and fore grip in fore grip middle zone, and barrel to fore grip attachment mechanism to fore grip front zone. Gun also comprises electro-optical device with laser range-finder installed with possibility of angular position change relative to barrel in two mutually perpendicular planes and angular position sensors relative to barrel and control unit, made with possibility of manual and/or automated data input on value of angles between barrel axis and electro-optical device optical axis, distance to target, wind speed and direction, temperature and humidity, ammunition ballistic parameters, connected with electro-optical device and actuator. Actuator is installed with help of spring mechanism and made in form of piezoelectric activators, placed in mounting bracket and providing for barrel movement by azimuth and elevation angle. Electro-optical device consists of optical system, light-sensitive matrix and screen. Also disclosed is method of automated electro-optical aiming, according to which at least one of following parameters are input into control unit: distance to target, wind speed and direction, temperature and humidity, ammunition ballistic parameters, produced using electron-optical sensor video signal is processed, using it determining outlines of at least one target and relevant aiming mark, performing preliminary aiming. Then calculating correcting angles between direction of firing by aiming mark and shot hit calculated point, after which generating control signal to actuator piezoelectric activators, converting received signal into barrel angular displacement relative to fore grip at least in one plane. After matching shot hit calculated point position with aiming mark shot is performed.EFFECT: technical result is increasing accuracy and speed of aiming, including with using of aiming point forming processes automation system.3 cl, 3 dwg

Folding handle for small arms with standard forearm // 2605656
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, specifically to folding handles of small arms with standard fore-end. Folding handle comprises a base, axis, handle body, rod, sleeve with side slot. Rod and handle body are made in form of a threaded pair: rod in form of screw and screwed on handle body. Handle base is made of two axially symmetric brackets. Brackets are made with possibility of full coverage of external surface of rails. Sleeve is made with possibility of free coverage of a hollow cylinder of shanks of brackets of base. Sleeve is installed separately from housing with possibility of guaranteed pressing them to base of brackets.EFFECT: higher reliability and simplified design of collapsible handle.3 cl, 7 dwg

Gun drop-down barrel unit locking assembly // 2605465
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely, to the gun drop-down barrel unit locking assemblies. Locking assembly contains a key, a locking frame. Locking frame consists of side posts and a bottom bonding tab. Rear frame can move in opposite guide slots made in the side walls of the breech frame and through a lower shaped cutout made in the lower part of the breech frame. On the rear barrel coupling there are side - the left and the right ones - and at least one lower ledges-"tusks". Locking frame is designed for interaction at locking with both support surfaces of the guide slots and the lower shaped cutout of the breech frame, and the locked surfaces of the side and at least one lower ledges-"tusks" of the rear barrel coupling and is kinematically connected with the key.EFFECT: provided is uniform locking and technically long service life.3 cl, 12 dwg

Vegetation fixation device // 2605186
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, more specifically to military and armored vehicles concealing devices, and can be used for securing of cut or artificial vegetation on mobile object housing or body. Vegetation fixation device includes base (1) and round loop (2) for installation of fresh vegetation into it. Base (1), at which loop (2) via spring-loaded hinge (3) is secured, is equipped with electromagnet (5) with permanent magnet (6) core. Electromagnet coil is connected to control unit to provide transport and operating position. Device is fixed along mobile object body boards and roof with hinge along its movement direction.EFFECT: enabling possibility of mobile object movement with attached vegetation, reduction of aerodynamic resistance in motion.1 cl, 2 dwg

Low-frequency emitter of electromagnetic energy and method of making same // 2605053
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: low-frequency emitter of electromagnetic energy comprises transformers with magnetic conductor, lockable by means of emitters and secondary windings of transformers. Magnetic conductor of first transformer passes through secondary winding of second and magnetic conductor of second transformer passes through secondary winding of first. Emitters of transformers are aligned relative to each other. Also disclosed is a method of making said low-frequency emitter of electromagnetic energy.EFFECT: disclosed is a low-frequency emitter of electromagnetic energy.5 cl, 3 dwg

Rifle stock // 2605040
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stocks of repeating rifles. Stock comprises front and rear parts detachably interconnected by means of plug-in connection, which comprises an inserted element located in front part of stock, and corresponding receiving device in form of slot in rear part of stock. Receiving device is composed of top bearing surface and side bridges on inner sides of two side walls of rear part of stock.EFFECT: invention is aimed at improving versatility of stock.9 cl, 5 dwg

Use of periscope surveillance device as bipod for long-barrelled small arms // 2604946
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment. Proposed is the use of a periscope surveillance device as a bipod for long-barrelled small arms. Another version presents the possibility of using a stereoscopic tube as a bipod for long-barrelled small arms.EFFECT: provided are decreased overall dimensions, weight and cost of a soldier combat pack.1 cl, 6 dwg

Tank gun automatic loader // 2604927
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely, to tank gun automatic loaders. Tank gun automatic loader comprises a rotary conveyor with cassettes, a cassettes lifting mechanism. Cassettes lifting mechanism comprises a reduction gear, two chains, a plate with hooks, a cassettes lifting mechanism bracket. Shell and charge tubes of each cassette are interconnected at an angle providing the possibility of successive loading the shell and the charge and/or loading by the shell ramming into the gun breech end, further ramming the charge and their joint ramming into the tank gun chamber by one loading the cassette.EFFECT: provided is higher firing rate of the tank gun.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for assessment of firing efficiency of combat remote controlled module located on mobile object // 2604909
FIELD: weapons and ammunition; measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for assessment of firing efficiency of a combat remote controlled module arranged on a mobile object. Assessment process in the method is divided into stages. At these stages the volume is determined of required recorded information, and firing evaluation criteria, experimental data on the results of firing, trusted probability of target killing γ, rated maximum range of actual fire Dmax, rated indicative range of actual fire, firing series preparation and implementation time, maximum and minimum values of distance to the target from the firing range, number of measurements of distance for marching fire at one target, speed of the mobile object at firing the series and average speed of movement of the mobile object at firing the series, lower PL and upper PU boundaries of trusted interval of target killing probability of P, atmosphere transmission coefficient.EFFECT: provided is the possibility of assessment of firing efficiency of a combat remote controlled module.1 cl, 1 tbl, 7 dwg

ini-firing range for training military personnel of ground artillery // 2604694
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, particularly, to mini-firing ranges for training operators of various weapon systems, for example, operators of anti-tank missile systems (ATMS) or close combat weapons (assault rifles, machine-guns, grenade launchers, flame throwers, etc.) shooters, particularly - cannon artillery gunners at direct fire. Mini-firing range for training military personnel of ground artillery comprises a base and a model of a terrain with arranged in it models of local objects and targets simulators, herewith the terrain model is made in the form of several concentric rings able to turn relative to each other and be fixed on the base in a selected position.EFFECT: technical result is broader functional capabilities of the mini-firing range and raising the trainees level when solving tactical-firing tasks on killing simulated targets.7 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of azimuthal targeting launcher // 2604592
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to azimuthal targeting mobile launchers of the Army rocket-artillery weapons during firing at an unobserved target. Lifting and rotary launcher and a satellite meter are placed on a mobile chassis (MS) with a length of not less than 3m. By means of antennae of the satellite meter a basic direction (BD) is formed within the range of angles between the longitudinal axis and the MS diagonal in the plan. One antenna of the meter is installed in the front, and the other antenna of the meter is installed in the rear end of the MS stationary or onto a folding bar. Coordinate referencing of the BD to an associated with the MS fixed angle-metering limb of the launcher is performed. Turning of the launcher in the direction of firing is performed relative to the BD fixed by means of the angle-metering limb.EFFECT: technical result of the proposed invention is higher accuracy of azimuthal targeting of the launcher, including the one with replaceable transport-launching containers (TLC) with ground-to ground missiles, at minimization of acting on the satellite meter interfering effects of specific targeting operation of the launcher.9 cl, 8 dwg

Information control system of automated control system for preparation of propulsion systems and process equipment of space rockets within technical and launching complexes // 2604362
FIELD: rocket technics.SUBSTANCE: automated control system information control system (ACS ICS) for preparation of propulsion systems (PPS) and process equipment (PE) of space rockets (SR) within technical and launching complexes (TC and LC) includes operators automated workstations (AWS), a communication control and switching unit (CCSU) with local area network switching devices (LAN SD), a universal time system communication gateway (UTCG), input/output units of measurement information and control signals (IOUI), a general use indicator panel (GUIP), units of cable connections (UCC), sensors and actuating mechanisms connection units (SCU), four bidirectional data buses, SU actuators interconnected in a certain manner. IOUI contain a discrete data input unit (DDU), analogue-to-digital and digital-to-analogue converters (ADC and DAC), a control signals generator (CSG), a device of the primary power supply (DPPS), units of controlled secondary power supply (UCSPS), the unit microcontroller (UMC), data transmission via the bidirectional buses control drivers (DTCD), control circuits integrity controller (CIC). CCSU contains a database of process information (DBPI), an information exchange control system (IECS), a device for control over the user AWS and the technological process (AWS/TP CD).EFFECT: provided is performing all types of tests of propulsion systems of a carrier rocket within technical and launching complexes.1 cl, 24 dwg

issile launcher // 2604248
FIELD: rocket construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to underwater missile launchers and is intended to position a missile correctly for it to destroy military assets within the enemy territory having sea boundaries. Missile launcher comprises a tight launching tube with a missile, storage batteries, a cylinder with gas, tanks with fuel and an oxidizing agent, a combustion chamber, a jet deflector with nozzles fixed on it and an air cushion. Cylinder through an electric valve is connected with the tanks and through a reduction gear with the cushion. Missile launcher is intended for independent staying under water and a missile launching in response to a command and by a time defined by the program of launching in automatic mode.EFFECT: invention is maximum effective in case of massive distribution of the missile launchers along the perimeter of the enemy sea boundaries.1 cl, 4 dwg

Device for protection against explosion // 2604017
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of protection against explosion, namely to means of human protection against explosion of accidentally dropped combat grenade, while throwing it in educational purposes. Device for protection against explosion of accidentally dropped grenade during throwing includes protective container made in form of straight, circular, hollow, truncated cone, and loose, hem of which is placed on top of truncated cone part along whole perimeter.EFFECT: technical result is protection of soldiers against consequences of explosion of accidentally dropped combat grenade, while throwing it in educational purposes.1 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of armored vehicles fire control // 2603750
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, particularly to armored vehicles fire control system. Method of armored vehicles fire control involves using target designation device, consisting of computer, laser range finder, transceiver, elevation angle transducer, power supply source and control panel, and additional equipment installed on armored vehicle item: transceiver, associated with stabilizer weapons.EFFECT: technical result is increase in armored vehicles fire control efficiency of objects with officer staying outside of armored object.1 cl, 2 dwg

Combined false target // 2603577
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protection of armaments and military equipment against reconnaissance means in visible, radar and IR ranges. Objective of the suggested invention is simulation of engine operation of weapons and military equipment in the combined false target and higher efficiency of simulation. Said result is achieved due to the fact that in the combined false target made in the form of a full deceptive pneumatic device of weapons and military equipment, having radar-reflective coating and camouflage coloring which comprises a source of thermal radiation, temperature regulator, made in the form of electric heaters mounted into the material of the false target, and a temperature regulator control unit, vibration control unit and vibrating motors mounted into the false target material under the electric heaters are additionally introduced, inputs of said vibrating motors are connected to the output of the vibration control unit. In compliance with the algorithm embedded in the vibration control unit and storing vibration images of different weapons and military equipment, a signal is generated at its output, ensuring controlling the operation of vibrating motors and required intensity of vibration. If reconnaissance means detect the combined false target, the latter with a high degree of certainty will be taken as a simulated object (sample of weapons and military equipment) that provides for hiding a true object. This provides achieving the objective of the invention.EFFECT: technical result of invention is increased probability of taking the false target as a simulated weapons and military equipment and, consequently, reduced probability of detecting and striking true weapons and military equipment.1 cl, 1 dwg

Cartridgeless automatic gun with bullet chamber of variable volume // 2603246
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to small arms, particularly to a cartridgeless automatic gun. Cartridgeless automatic gun comprises a barrel, a body with a gas vent, a pre-barrel part, a breech frame, a breech wedge, a bullet chamber bolt, a wedge seat, a powder plug and a bullet magazine. Gun is made with the possibility of separate loading of powder and a bullet into different parts of the gun. Powder is loaded into a powder receiving chamber, and a bullet - into the pre-barrel part, from where bullets move into the barrel. Powder from the receiving chamber moves into the bullet chamber, where combustion takes place and where from powder gases through a gas-discharge piston of the bullet chamber bolt enter the barrel, where they bring the bullet into motion. Inside the bullet chamber bolt, by the bullet chamber bolt carriage movement, caused is variation of: the bullet chamber volume, the powder receiving chamber volume, the powder plug limiting piston stroke pitch value and the volume of loaded powder from the powder plug into the powder receiving chamber.EFFECT: provided is higher ammunition load of the gun.1 cl, 11 dwg

ethod of detecting and parameters high-accuracy determination of high-speed flying targets and homing head for its implementation // 2603235
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of high-speed flying targets detection and high-accuracy parameters determination, as well as to homing heads, used to generate control signals in antiaircraft missile systems. Disclosed method of high-speed flying targets detection and high-accuracy parameters determination first selection of target-like objects from background noise and other low-speed large-size interferences measures are taken. Then, target selection by system of signs is performed: brightness, dimensions, mutual arrangement of parts, shape, etc. Nature of selected objects movement trajectory is also determined: target moves practically straight, and interferences spread along different directions. Then most similar to target by movement objects movement trajectory analysis is performed. Total data are grouped in formations or images, they are compared with "reference" images, stored in memory, and target coordinates are determined.EFFECT: improved accuracy of target killing with missile.2 cl, 5 dwg

Protective device for explosive objects isolation // 2603114
FIELD: blasting operations; protective devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to special equipment and can be used for suppression of fragmentation and high-explosive effects in explosions occurring as result of terrorist or criminal acts. Protective device (PD) for explosive objects isolation with rigid hollow walls and cover, is made dismountable in form of square in plan view of four and more rectangular walls in total amount of multiple 4 connected along perimeter by expandable fasteners. Length Ln+1 of each of following external four walls is determined from ratio Ln+1=Ln+2δ, where Ln is length of inner wall relative to defined outer δ is walls thickness. Walls are made hollow and filled with energy dissipating material. As fasteners at each wall one end and side surface are "Velcro" type connections. Fasteners are made in form of plastic clamps.EFFECT: invention allows improving protective device properties for isolating of high-explosive and fragmentation effects, especially for ED, located near wall or in corner.3 cl, 8 dwg
ethod of striking aerial target with surface-to-air guided missiles // 2603025
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of striking of an aerial target with surface-to-air guided missiles (SAM). Aerial target is struck by emitting a false signal with parameters similar to parameters of a radar signal for SAM guidance at a certain frequency, searching, detecting and measuring parameters of radio electronic interference of enemy. Upon detecting interference, noise is generated at certain frequencies from position of radar station and from position remote from radar station of SAM at a distance not less than radius of striking radar station with radiation self-guided weapon, from which false signal is emitted.EFFECT: higher probability of destruction of enemy aerial target.1 cl

Pneumatic arms of self-defense, blade and cast elements // 2602867
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic arms of self-defense. Pneumatic arms of self-defense consists of durable handle. Handle contains two gas charging cavities, rear plugs of cavities with filling valves, trigger element with preventer, as well as blade. Trigger element interacts with propellant element, which is hydraulically extra-balanced towards exit from said handle. Single trigger element interacts simultaneously with two cast elements. Blade is made in form of elongated flat knife or dagger, pointed at front with cutting edges and shank. At beginning of blade plane at least one elongated through hole is made. Cast element consists of elongated cylindrical case with penetrating tip. Cast element has inner charging gas chamber, and on its rear generatrix of the cylindrical surface holes are made. In another version, near rear end of cast element circular ledge is made with diameter larger than cylindrical case.EFFECT: higher efficiency of arms of self-defense is achieved.11 cl, 9 dwg

Guiding device for launching rockets // 2602641
FIELD: rocket construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rocket engineering, particularly to launching rockets. Guiding device for launching rockets comprises a frame carcass made of frames connected by longitudinal tubes and by braces and reinforced with metal sheets. Inside the frame carcass secured are screwed guiding sliders for a rocket sliding forming the caliber, herewith one slider is driving. Herewith the frame carcass is made joint of several sections, a the screwed guiding sliders are made solid-metal composite along the length. External and internal surfaces of the sliders are of a round shape. On sides of the driving slider there are grooves for engagement of the rocket. At attachment points of the sliders and the frame in gaps there is an extra set of washers for adjustment of diameter and straightness of the caliber axle.EFFECT: provided is higher rigidity of the guiding device, reduction of the disturbance made by the device on the rocket at the moment of its disengagement, higher accuracy of targeting.4 cl, 6 dwg

Self-defense weapons // 2602638
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to small arms, namely, to self-defense arms. Self-defense weapon comprises case with handle and pivotable magazine with seats for cartridges. Seats are separately fixed at floating supports with spring-loaded axial electric contacts. Cartridges supports are mounted in case via damper with guaranteed radial clearance and provided with chamfer, conjugated with common location cam. Laser emitter is connected to power supply through sensor, installed in handle for automatic switching on from shooter hand.EFFECT: enabling higher mobility and accuracy of gun firing with multi seat cartridge magazine, as well as increase in aiming range and increasing accuracy of hits.3 cl, 3 dwg

Combined block lamp for armored vehicles and enhanced security vehicles // 2602597
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering, namely to lighting and light signalling of armored vehicles, and is intended for use in military vehicles. Device comprises housing with a built-in blackout shield and reflecting and refracting optics. Inside housing-radiator electro-optical module is arranged to be connected to the supply network and having a light LED source of IR radiation, as well as LED light sources for formation of near and far lights, blackout lights, daytime running lights, marker lights, lights of turn indicators. Circuit of each light includes a protection circuit of reverse polarity and supply voltage limiter. LED light and infrared radiation sources (LEDs) consist of many-colored light-emitting diode chips, grouped into four LED matrices, installed in the focus of optical elements -colorless lenses and parabolic reflector -corresponding optical windows of housing-radiator, forming left, main, right window and blackout slit. LED chips of LED matrix of left window have corresponding colors to form marker lights, lights of turn indicator, blackout lights. LED chips of LED matrix of main window have color to form near and far lights and daytime running lights. LED chips of LED matrix of right window have colors to form blackout lights, lights of turn indicator, marker lights. LED chips of LED matrix of blackout slit have colors to form near blackout light and chips of IR emitter.EFFECT: technical result consists in expansion of range of electron-optical devices intended for installation on military vehicles, by creating a unified block lights, increase of reliability, increase of resistance to vibrations, shocks and overload in on-board network.1 cl, 3 dwg

Armor shelter // 2602593
FIELD: individual protection means.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to personal protection armor. Armor shelter comprises several armor sheets (1), connected to each other with lateral sides (2) by means of rotary connecting units (3), elements of which are fixed on back surface of each armor sheet (1). Lateral side (2) of at least one armor sheet (1) is inclined relative to base (4) by identical angle, so that this armor sheet has shape of an isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid. Elements of connecting units (3) of each armor sheet (1) are located symmetrically relative to its mirror axis at equal distance from middle of its height and are made so, that armor shields have possibility of attachment both in position, when said bases (4) of armor sheets are directed in one direction, and in position, when said bases of attached armor sheets are directed in opposite directions.EFFECT: higher protective properties of armor shelter due to placement of armor sheets with inclination to vertical plane.6 cl, 5 dwg

ultiturn rail gun, sectioned on length // 2602512
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a multiturn rail guns. Multiturn rail gun is sectioned on length by an accelerating channel, comprising N pairs of current-carrying parallel rails, first rails of all pairs and second rails of all pairs are separated by insulating gaps and form first and second stacks. Armature consists of electrically insulated from each other conducting links on number of rails (N), installed on a common insulator to slide on rails. On channel input side second rails of i-th pair are connected to first rails of i+1 pair by means of series conducting links, and first rail of first pair and second rail of N-th pair are for connection to power supply. Device also includes M additional stacks, comprising N-1 rails, installed along channel in series with insulating gaps between ends of rails of first stack, starting from second, and beginning of rails of first additional stack, as well as between ends rails of j-th (where j=1…M-1) additional stack and beginning of rails of i+1-th additional stack, wherein length of rails of second stack and first rail of first stack is equal to total length of assembly of first and M additional stacks.EFFECT: higher efficiency.1 cl, 1 dwg

ultiturn rail gun with thyristor bridges between turns // 2602510
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a multiturn rail guns. Multiturn rail gun with thyristor bridges between turns includes an acceleration channel, comprising N pairs of current-carrying parallel rails. First rails of all pairs and second rails of all pairs are separated by insulating gaps and form first and second stacks. Armature consists of electrically insulated from each other conducting links on number of rails (N), installed on a common insulator to slide on rails. On channel input side second rails of i-th pair are connected to first rails of i+1 pair (where i=1…N-1) by means of series conducting links, and first rail of first pair and second rail of N-th pair are for connection to power supply. Device also includes M groups of thyristors, with N-1 thyristors in each group. Groups of thyristors are installed along channel, wherein thyristors of each group are located at equal distance relative to beginning of rails and thyristors of other groups, i-th thyristor of each group is connected in forward direction relative to polarity of power supply between rail second stack of i-th pair with rails of first stack of i+1 pair.EFFECT: higher efficiency.1 cl, 1 dwg

Gun barrel // 2602163
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to weapons, namely to barrels of automatic small arms. Barrel of an automatic gun comprises a muzzle, which is brought into the state of bending vibrations during firing. Barrel has a damping device to damp the bending vibrations. Damping is performed at friction between a radially projecting friction ring located on the muzzle and a friction element loaded by a spring element. According to one version, one friction element acts on both sides of the friction ring and is supported to be movable in the longitudinal direction relative to the muzzle. In another version, the damping device comprises a body. Body of the damping device together with the friction element and the spring element is made with the possibility of longitudinal movement relative to the muzzle but radially fixed.EFFECT: provided is uniform compensation of bending vibrations in a wider temperature range.23 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of firing jet projectiles multiple artillery rocket system in counter-battery conditions // 2602162
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment and can be used in jet valley fire systems (MARS). Method comprises guiding launcher (L) in horizontal plane in direction of target, lifting guides with rocket missiles (RS) through preset angle starting in vertical plane (VP), estimating time (WS) of flight in system of independent flight path correction (SAKT) PC at initial section of path, including solid rocket engine start is PC at small angle in the IP at initial section of flight trajectory (UTV) PC taking into account technical characteristics of PU and relief arrangement PU, PC is transferred to a new path with large angle in VP after expiry of WS considering conditions of non-detection PC at initial section of trajectory of radar station counter-battery control (CBS) of enemy PC is launched with subsequent according to preset flight ballistic trajectory, simulating start of PC of fictitious point spaced from LS at a safe distance, excluding damage PU enemy artillery fire by results of locating radar station CBS start position MARS controlled pitch and yaw angles PC with help of gas-dynamic rudders by commands from SAKT PC depending on safe flight altitude of PC, which prevents detection by radar CBS, removal of PU from radar station from front line, minimum angle of view of radar station CBS branch of apparent start angle, angle of start PC branch PC speed vector angle corrections to angle of start PC, PC flight speed, permissible overload PC branch of free fall acceleration, hit target.EFFECT: higher efficiency of firing MARS.1 cl, 2 dwg

Portable aerosol generator // 2602139
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of camouflage, for masking and concealed moving of equipment and personnel by creating smoke screen. Portable aerosol generator contains pyrotechnic block, fixed in tubular casing with diameter under human hand, at both ends closed by covers above diaphragms having through holes: smoke exhausting, distributed along periphery and central firing, above which fuse match igniter head is arranged in upper diaphragm, placed in block axial channel. Below fuse match pyrotechnic block axial channel is equipped with diffuser, adjacent to lower diaphragm central hole communication channel widening, coated with combustible shell. On outside paper discs of congruent shape are glued onto diaphragms, overlapping open smoke exhausting holes.EFFECT: higher reliability of generator at screening smoke screen installation.1 cl, 2 dwg

Tank gun automatic loading mechanism // 2602005
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, namely to tank gun automatic loading mechanisms. Tank gun automatic loading mechanism comprises a round fixator, mechanisms of rotation and displacement of a round. Automatic loading mechanism is also equipped with a platform of turn in the horizontal plane, mechanisms of lifting and turning in the vertical plane. Mechanism for turning in the vertical plane is composed of two worms with crossed mutually perpendicular axles and a worm wheel. Mechanism of the round moving is made in the form of a third worm, which is arranged in a hole of the second worm, and a worm wheel. Lifting mechanism is composed of a screw gear, the screw of which is made in the form of a pipe and is arranged on the second worm with the possibility of rotation.EFFECT: provided is simplified design, higher reliability of the automatic loading mechanism, as well as the possibility for loading the tank gun during guidance at a target.14 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of gripping, tension and release of bow string with bow arrow // 2602004
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely to methods of capture, tensioning and release of bow string with bow arrow. In method arrow is placed on bowstring, bowstring is placed into head, which is located in housing, locking head by retainer, which is hinged arranged in housing. Head is made of two identical U-section bell cranks with grooves for bow string and sealing elements for arrow tail, cranks are arranged hinged in housing, each on its axis. When firing bow-string is placed in grooves between bell cranks one ends, and arrow tail is between sealing elements, placing retainer fitted between bell cranks second ends, moving is towards axes side, by which bow-string and arrow tail are clamped. Bowstring is pulled by handle, to which housing is attached, and, displacing retainer away from axes, releasing cranks second ends, which creates conditions for bowstring and arrow release and making shot.EFFECT: enabling higher bow firing efficiency and reliability, as well as reduced sounds of shot.1 cl, 3 dwg

Helicopter pod-type machine-gun module // 2601999
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to aircraft equipment with guns systems. Pod-type machine-gun module is equipped with mechanism of smooth cartridges reorientation from position, perpendicular to machine-gun barrel axis, into position, parallel to machine-gun barrel axis. For this reorientation mechanism is equipped with guide, envelope and cartridge belt shutter-damper. Envelope is installed at angle to box edge with maximum cross-section area. Cartridge box and reorientation mechanism are installed on side of barrel extension receiving window. Edges of boxes with minimum cross section area are perpendicular to barrel axis and helicopter flight direction. On machine gun casings removal opening side casings reflector sleeves and cartridge belt links direction into links collection box casing are installed.EFFECT: decreased weight of armament and improved aerodynamics of helicopter.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of aircraft coordinates determining based on using two directional angles and one of elevation angles // 2601494
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of aircraft coordinates determining. For determining of aircraft coordinates information is received and generated in spatially spaced apart receivers, information is simultaneously recorded based on aircraft two directional angles and elevation angle, processed in computer in certain manner, determining aircraft coordinates in geodesic coordinate system.EFFECT: reduced time of information processing when determining aircraft spatial coordinates.1 cl, 2 dwg

Hand-held gun with bolt system // 2601296
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely to hand-held gun with a bolt system. Bolt system includes striker (3; 4), holder (16; 17) of the striker, locking lever (18; 19), intermediate lever (20; 21) actuated by trigger (22; 23), and inertial mass, interacting with intermediate lever (20; 21). Intermediate lever (20; 21) is located on trigger (22; 23) with the possibility of rotation. Inertial mass is made in the form of pendulum mass (49), placed in bolt box (1) by means of slot (54) on transverse axis (50) to move in several directions. Inertial mass has one guide surface (53) intended for adjoining upper arm (44) of intermediate lever (20; 21), pressed to guide surface (53).EFFECT: higher protection against unauthorized shot.11 cl, 4 dwg

Ac active protection method and system for its implementation (versions) // 2601241
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment and can be used on aircraft (AC) for their protection against attacking “air-to-air" and "surface-air" missiles. Proposed method is implemented by active protection system (APS), comprising ultraviolet and infrared radiation detecting sensors, laser radiation detectors, attacking missiles detection radar and radio reconnaissance station, electronic jamming system control unit and APS control unit, optical-electronic suppression laser station, active jamming station, decoy targets ejection device, protective ammunition launcher, onboard radar station, AC automatic control subsystem, navigation equipment system, onboard AC and DC networks.EFFECT: technical result-increase of AC protection against guided missiles hitting.8 cl, 7 dwg
 
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