Weapons (F41)

F41            Weapons(6547)

Dioptrical sight // 2614350
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: for the usage in shooting sports, biathlon, and sports and entertainment shooting galleries. The matter of the invention lies in the fact that the dioptrical hole of the sight is performed by crossing of two through orthogonal rectangular holes made in moving plates. The plate with the vertical through hole is performed with the possibility of moving in the horizontal direction. The plate with the horizontal through hole is performed with the possibility in the vertical direction. There are scales with zero points in the middle of the diptrical hole located on both plates along the longest sides of the through holes. The moving of the plates is performed in a particular case by screw mechanisms. The width of the through holes performed in the plates may be adjusted with the help of mechanisms.EFFECT: possibility of creation of the easy sight providing high shooting accuracy, as well as the possibility of horizon adjustments without moving the sight, for small-caliber and air rifles.8 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of thrower aiming for projectile throwing and system for its implementation // 2614344
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: system includes a target with a shock sensor, equipped with LED, mounted in the center of the target, a body catcher, high-speed camera and simulators of impact in the form of projectiles. Projectile throwing device is made in the form of a hollow barrel with the breech and muzzle ends, is equipped with detachable screens placed on the muzzle and breech ends and equipped with translucent inserts with holes in the middle. Targeting sight is designed as a laser emitter mounted on the carrier in front of the screen on the side of the breach end with the possibility of adjusting and fixing its position. The method of aiming resides in the fact that a series of projectile throwing is previously carried out and their impact points with the target are determined. Impact grouping center is determined according to the combination of the impact points. Subsequent pointer position adjustment is carried out by the fact that the pointer light beam is directed to the center of the grouping of projectiles impacts with the target through the removable barrel screens inserts holes and the sight beam axis is combined with the center of impacts grouping. Then, the position of the target is adjusted so that the center of the target coincides with the new position of the laser pointer beam center, is fixed and prepared for projectiles shooting in the specified area of the aircraft surface.EFFECT: improved accuracy of aiming in a given area of the test object's surface at one dash.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for remote orientation of moving objects // 2614333
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: method for remote orientation of moving objects includes formation of orthogonal raster by row-wise, forward and counter reverse scanning of a laser beam with duplication of forward scanning, between which given time delays during radiation extinction are maintained in each row. Given time delays are maintained in each row between scanning instances, said time delays enabling to identify row number with a defined position of an object in the information field.EFFECT: invention increases the rate of transmitting information in remote orientation systems by reducing the amount of raster needed when forming an information field.2 dwg

ethod of thrower angle aiming for projectile throwing // 2614204
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: series of projectile throwing is previously carried out and their impact points with the target are determined. Impact grouping center is determined according to the combination of the impact points. Subsequent sight position adjustment is carried out by the fact that the sight light beam is directed to the center of the grouping of impacts with the target through the removable barrel screens inserts holes and the sight beam axis is combined with the center of impacts grouping. Then, the position of the sight, barrel and target are fixed and prepared for projectiles shooting in the specified area of the aircraft surface. The system includes a laser pointer, coupled with a thrower, which is designed as a hollow barrel with the breech and muzzle ends, a target with a shock sensor, equipped with LED, mounted in the center of the target, a body catcher, high-speed camera and simulators of impact in the form of projectiles. Projectile throwing device is made in the form of a hollow barrel with the breech and muzzle ends, is equipped with detachable screens placed on the muzzle and breech ends and equipped with translucent inserts with holes in the middle. Targeting sight is designed as a laser emitter mounted on the carrier in front of the screen on the side of the breach end with the possibility of adjusting and fixing its position.EFFECT: improved accuracy of aiming in a given area of the test object's surface at one dash.3 dwg

Replacement front-sight body mounting // 2614184
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: replacement front-sight body mounting includes a front-sight body with front-sight, base fixed to the barrel, nut and screw. Front-sight body and base are connected with plug connection. A transverse slot is formed in a front-sight body for a screw passing, a transverse slot is formed in a base. The plug connection may be made in the form of a longitudinal projection of "dovetail" type in a front-sight body interacting with a return groove in the base.EFFECT: increased reliability of replacement front-sight body mounting.4 cl, 6 dwg

Light weapon stock // 2614161
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the light weapons, particularly, to the stocks with a butt pivotally connected to a fore grip, and may be used in combat, hunting, or sports weapons. The light weapon stock contains the fore grip (1) and the butt (2). The fore grip (1) is pivotally connected with the butt (2) via the axis (3) with the possibility of rotation of the fore grip (1) and the butt (2) relatively to each other. For keeping the butt (2) in combat (unfolded) position, there is a lock (4) with a spring in the fore grip (1). For keeping the butt (2) in traveling (folded) position, there is a hole (8), in which a stopper (9) with a spring is installed, in the butt (2) and there is a groove (11) in the fore grip. There is a projection (12), which enters into the groove (11) of the fore grip (1) in the traveling (folded) position of the butt (2), on the stopper (9). For prevention of stopper (9) detachment from the butt (2), there is a plunger (13) installed in the butt (2).EFFECT: invention provides simplification of structure and increasing of operation reliability.2 cl, 9 dwg

Protection device // 2613988
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: protection device comprises a balloon system, ropes holding them at a height of 120-150 m, a thin capron net disposed between balloons, light antipersonnel fragmentation mine in the interstice capron net. The capron net is impregnated with an ablative composition. The grid sizes are selected so that the proportion of the grid area to the total net area equals in average to 0.4. Balloons are impregnated with an ablative composition.EFFECT: increase protection effectiveness via impregnating balloons with an ablative composition.1 dwg

Hinged frame with breech box gun // 2613974
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: gun includes a barreled box with the barrel part, the breech body, the traction element. The breech body is made with the possibility to move by the handle shaft of the breech between the lower opened position and the upper closed position, using an actuator. The traction element, acting on the breech body and driven by the handle shaft of the breech, pulls the breech body in its closed condition to the barreled box.EFFECT: improvement of the barreled part lock to the barreled box.14 cl, 10 dwg

Layered armour plate // 2613968
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: layered armour plate contains the front, middle and back layers of aluminium alloys. Front and back layers are supplied with rolled mesh inserts made of twisted steel wire with tensile strength of at least 2,550 N/mm2 and mesh not larger than 5 mm. The middle layer is made combined of thin plates laminated in different directions and are rigidly interconnected into the briquette. The front, middle and back layers are rigidly interconnected and have a hardness of HB 150/190/150 respectively.EFFECT: higher protective armour plates properties.1 dwg

Revolver // 2613944
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: revolver includes a barrel, a weapon holding element, a magazine-chamber, made in the form of a drum with chambers for ammunition, a firing cock and a trigger. The barrel is made together with the drum. The chambers are made at an angle to the longitudinal axis, where the chambers longitudinal axis are made abutting and intersecting with the longitudinal axis of the barrel, and the chamber hole transit smoothly into the barrel channel. The drum and the barrel may be removed with the possibility to rotate and fix in a defined position.EFFECT: simplified weapon design.5 dwg

Removal of powder gases from gun chamber at gunnery // 2613925
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: at gunnery recoiling parts roll back and are set up on hold with a breech hook and a hook located on the immovable part of the gun. The hook opens a non-return valve of a mounted cylinder. At roll back atmospheric air extreme pressure is created in the cylinder which is directed through the first non-return valve and the pipe to the chamber via the ball valve. After the pressure is equalized in the trunk with the atmospheric pressure the piston lever transfers and removes the barrel from a hook, the recoiling parts roll forward. At this time the atmospheric air is pumped into the cylinder through the second non-return valve.EFFECT: powder gases are removed from the artillery chambers without electric energy.1 dwg

Commander sighting and surveillance complex // 2613767
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: four channels are fixed in the casing of the combined commander's sight, the common optical components of which are the protective head glass and the stabilized head mirror. The first channel of the combined sight is the daytime sighting channel with optical zoom and with the built-in laser rangefinder channel, which, in turn, is the second channel. The third channel of the combined sight is the thermal imaging channel, and the fourth - the daytime surveillance channel without optical zoom.EFFECT: providing opportunities for the commander to conduct independently the area review in the infrared spectral range and to control the terrain observed by the gunner both in the visible and in the infrared range.3 cl 4 dwg

Self-defense kit // 2613698
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the self-defense means of traumatic and non-lethal action and is designed for usage by civilians for the purposes of self-defense by a shot with a traumatic element or triggering audio and light signals (a flash during the shoot). The self-defense kit includes the device containing a casing and a hammer with a mainspring; and the cartridge containing a shell, a fire ignitor of the central impact, a wad-obturator, and a powder charge. There are two notches of the full cock and the half cock, in which the hammer with the cock lever and the de-cock lever is installed with the possibility of shifting, in the casing of the device. There are transvers notches for locking of the cartridge, which is installed coaxially to the hammer, with a bullet of irregular shape inside the casing. The base-bottom part of the cartridge body along the side plane is equipped with the circular-shaped projections matching the width of the locker notches in the device body by the diameter.EFFECT: invention allows creating effective miniature self-defense low-recoil weapon with the possibility of concealed carrying, increasing fire-rate and reliability of the cock triggering, providing convenient and quick cartridge replacement, as well as excluding the possibility of its criminal application.17 dwg

Device for light-weapon magazine drop // 2613674
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of light weapons, particularly, to the devices for light-weapon magazine drop. The device contains a Z-shaped lever. The lever is performed in the form of a solid part with a flat spring located angularly on the central axis and containing a hole for securing to a gun frame. There is an L-shaped projection in the bottom part of the lever. This projection interacts with a magazine latch. Moreover, there is another projection in the top part of the lever. This projection has a button for the force transmission to the L-shaped projection via the lever.EFFECT: creation of a primitive device for light-weapon magazine drop, which will not enlarge gun dimensions and will allow performing a quick magazine drop without re-gripping the gun with your hand.2 dwg
Throwing method from barreled powder ballistic facility // 2613639
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a gas-dynamic devices and concerns the ground development of new ammunition samples, using the barreled powder ballistic facilities (BPBF). Powder charge is placed in the charging chamber. Enter the throwing object to the facility and initiate a charge. At this the throwing object is placed in the barrel at a distance of 2400 mm from the exit of the charging chamber.EFFECT: higher speed of throwing objects, while reducing the speeding-up path.3 dwg

ethod of concealed underwater movement of unmanned aerial vehicle and its release at launching base // 2613632
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a subsea launchers and machines and can be used to run the unmanned aerial vehicle from the water. For concealed underwater movement of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and its release at launching base the UAV is moved as part of the submersible transport and launch container. Moving, prelaunch preparation and launch of the UAV are carried out with the help of the transport and launch container (TLK) of the actuator module as part of its support, self-propelled deep-launch complex (SPDLC) having a bow, starting, operating and stern modules. After the moving to the launching base and then prelaunch preparation TLK is subsequently separated from starting module which get positive buoyancy and float. Flight task for UAV is introduced from SPDLC control system before starting using the connecting cable. After the release of TLK of the water vertically happens the separation of its nose. Under the influence of powder gases of squibs the start of UAV is carried out of the water into the air with its release on the flight line.EFFECT: with the help of the invention the ability to deliver the unmanned aerial vehicle to the launch site, concealed movement to the launching base and start from under the water are achieved.8 cl, 5 dwg

Antenna device with bigimbal support // 2613344
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: antenna device with the bigimbal support made in the form of the two gimbal supports consisting of the outer and inner frames, contains rotate drives of the outer and inner frames arranged on the fixed base, a microwave path, a mirror mounted on the inner frame of the first gimbal support, and a mobile and console-based mounted rod, on which a plug is fixed, cinematically connected with the yoke (arc), the ends of which are fixed on the drive of the inner frame. At the same time the rotation axis of the outer frame of the second gimbal support is parallel to the base plane characterized in that the inner and outer frame of the gimbal supports are respectively connected by two rods mounted symmetrically to the rotation axis of the rod mounted on the shaft of the outer frame of the second gimbal support on its outer side and on the symmetry axis of the outer frame. The axis of the yoke drive (inner frame) crosses the rotation axis of the outer frame of the second gimbal support perpendicular to the base plane, and the yoke plug shaft is movable in the symmetry plane of the rod at the angle to the symmetry axis of the outer frame of the second gimbal support, and the plug is adapted to be pivotable relative to the axis of the cross yoke section, and a torsion spring is mounted on the plug shaft, one end of which is fixed on the rod, and the other on the plug.EFFECT: increase of the arrangement density of the antenna device symmetrically to the construction rocket axis, improved balancing and increasing of the view field of the mobile antenna mirror.8 dwg

ethod of mechanism protection by armoured dome "shell" // 2613206
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: method of protection mechanisms, weapons, and manpower under armoured dome housing of a special machine, created a continuous surface of the body of the dome, repeating the shape of a ball or cone segment, providing a bounce weapons armoured vehicles from this surface.EFFECT: increase survivability of special machines in the field.6 dwg

Launcher missile fixing universal module // 2613205
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ammunition holding devices (missiles), and is a launcher missile fixing universal module (LMFUM). The LMFUM in the launcher consists of a metal housing made of two identical halves pivotally connected with each other through a shaft in the bracket and fixed by a locking device. A drive system is mounted inside the housing. The drive system transmits the motion from the handle located on the housing on four clamps having movable legs that allow to hold different diameter missiles in the launcher. The clamps are put forward from the housing to the diameter of a stacked missile, corresponding to the guide line of the clamp sleeve.EFFECT: interchangeable of fixation means of various diameter missiles in the launcher.5 dwg

Small arms magazine // 2613183
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: multi-row box magazine includes a housing of box variable section with dividing walls, a feeder, a feeder spring and spring cover. The magazine also contains a mechanism for limiting feeder movement in the form of a ratchet mechanism and with the possibility of forced shutdown during magazine.EFFECT: increase reliability of the magazine under various operating conditions.3 dwg

ethod of missile placing into track initiation area by homing head and device for its implementation // 2613016
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: proposed set of inventions relates to defence technology, in particular, to the system of guided weapons and guided missiles with homing heads. In the known method of missile placing into track initiation area comprising missile launch along the ballistic trajectory to a predetermined height, calculating of angular coordinates of the missile - target line, according to which before radiation capture from the target control command UY, UZ in vertical and horizontal control channels are formed, which are proportional to the missile - target line angular velocity, the new is the fact that simultaneously with the calculation of the missile - target line angular coordinates the difference between the calculated angular coordinate lY in a vertical plane and a desired angle lTP of the access to the horizontal plane on the track initiation zone by the homing head is determined and the demand which is proportional to the angular difference is added to the formed control demand in the vertical channel UY : (IY-ITP)xKL where KL is a proportionality coefficient determined according to the process stability conditions of the line missile - target angle position regulation. The proposed device includes a series-connected computer unit, the first subtract unit, the first enhancer, connected in series the second subtract unit, the second enhancer, an integrator, whose output is connected to the second input of the first subtract unit and the output of the first enhancer is connected to a first input of the second subtract unit with the second input which is connected to the output memory element. The noted device has additional connected in series constants storage unit, a switch, a third subtracter, the third amplifier, an adder, a second input coupled to an output of the first amplifier and the second input of the third subtraction unit is connected to the output of the computing unit.EFFECT: invention increases the probability of target destruction by providing the required angle of the missile approach to the horizontal plane in the target area at the time of target radiation capture.2 cl, 3 dwg

Barrel for cartridge with rimmed case // 2612761
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons and can be used in small arms designed to fire rimmed cases cartridges (for example, 7.62×54R) and having a breech part of the barrel with lugs and the barrel itself made as a single part. Barrel for a cartridge with a rimmed case is made as a single part with a breech part comprising lugs to lock the breech. Barrel has a collar, which interacts with the case rim when the breech is closed. Groove on the collar for the case extractor is made by a cutter directed by a conductor hole, which is inserted into the barrel breech part.EFFECT: simpler technique of producing barrels made integral with the breech part and designed to use rimmed cases.1 cl, 4 dwg

Antitank missle complex // 2612750
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to arms, particularly, to antitank missile complex (ATMC). ATMC contains a launcher with thermal-imaging sight and guidance and control system, missile transporter-launcher container, navigation system, including the location coordinates meter of the launcher and position angles meter of self-propelled machine with respect to the geographic coordinate system, targeting device made in form of two components. Sight unit with the possibility of sight unit rotation by the elevation and traverse guidance automated drives, and with the possibility of powering from the power supply system of the second self-propelled machine is additionally introduced on the second self-propelled machine. Acquisition and tracking radar and the sight unit are made as a rotatable reconnaissance unit. The computer system of the second self-propelled machine is connected to a channel radio communication device with a target designation computer of the first self-propelled machine.EFFECT: invention improves the exploration efficiency, ATMC combat efficiency, the probability of a combat mission success in the case of one of the self-propelled machines destruction.2 cl, 2 dwg

Adaptive digital spectral purpose selector // 2612650
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: spectral purpose selector includes an electro-optical tracking hydro-coordinator with three channels of the optical radiation spektro-separation, three photodetectors, three pulse amplifiers with single differentiation, the outputs of which are connected to the amplitude detectors, and the detector outputs - to the circuit comparing the levels, or the level ratio calculators, and the comparing circuit outputs, or the relation calculators - to the circuit of detecting and forming "strobes" belonging of the target signals or interference. Herewith the serially connected signal correctors, the voltage dividers, the comparators and analyzers with the variable logic switching functions controlled with the code, are entered in each channel in the form of the second differentiation device and the binary quantizer. Also the factor dividing setpoint of the dividers and the logic analyzer functions are entered, wherein the first setpoint output is connected to the divider control input, and the second one - to the setpoint input of the analyzer logic functions .EFFECT: high measurement accuracy.4 dwg

Driver's place of military tracked vehicles // 2612551
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: driver's seat in the military tracked vehicle includes a housing, mounted on the machine, motion control pedals and seat lifting mechanism from the lower to the upper working position. The seat is provided with a support frame, reinforced in the housing, pivotally decoupled from the housing bottom, for example on the roof, in front of the means of swinging rod, on which the pedal has a longitudinal adjustment of the growth, and at the back - with the help of the lifting mechanism. The frame, seat and pedals are installed with providing clearance from the bottom of the housing.EFFECT: increase of protection of the driver from a mine detonation.3 dwg

False target // 2612350
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: false target is designed as a short-circuited antenna of the surface waves and comprises a circular dielectric rod with a conical end tightly inserted into the circular waveguide to the end with its cylindrical part. The length of the cylindrical rod part is equal to the length of the waveguide, the length of the conical part is a quarter larger the maximum wavelength in the range air of the false target. N through transverse incisions are made in the rod. The mesh reflectors are tightly inserted in the incisions in the form of the flat round meshes of thin wires with different sizes and the square cells with diameters equal to the waveguide diameter. The mesh reflector of the most long-wave sub-band is inserted in the first, from the waveguide aperture, through incision, the subsequent incisions are made in the rod at the distance equal to the minimum wavelength in the circular waveguide (λig) min of the i-th wave subband. The maximum (λig) max and minimum (λig) min sub-band wavelengths and the sizes of the mesh reflector square cells bi satisfy (λig+1) max = 2bi = (λig) min.EFFECT: increasing the wavelength subbands of the false target.2 dwg
Versatile target-training complex // 2612336
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to tests and inspections of radar aids of the air defense systems of short and medium range. The versatile target-training complex contains a transportation vehicle, in which shooting targets in the form of unmanned aerial vehicles of different type are placed, simulating targets of different types with the unified aids for launching. The control room is performed with the possibility of simultaneous control of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles of different types and connected to the remote display for presentation of information on the course of flights in real time. An unmanned aerial vehicle with a conventional piston engine, an unmanned aerial vehicle with a turbojet engine, and an unmanned aerial vehicle of a helicopter type are placed in the transportation vehicle. The complex may be completed with at least six unmanned aerial vehicles of different types.EFFECT: invention allows extending the application field at the expense of creation of the target condition with the usage of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles of different types.5 cl

Sapper line-throwing gun // 2612335
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: sapper line-throwing gun contains fire arms with ammunition, a grapnel with a line. Grapnel has a cylindrical housing with a powder chamber inside with four sweeping elements welded to the housing, and a lug for fixing og the line, fitted to a muzzle brake-compensator. Grapnel is made of steel, light alloy or plastic. Sweeping elements are made in the form of flat stabilizing fins with slits and two symmetrical lugs with a flexible coupling fixed therein, which has projecting ends. Powder chamber is made in the form of a non-removable cover with an opening for the passage of bullet. Flexible connection is connected with a carbine or a unit with a single or a looped line. Line-throwing gun also contains a gas deflector made in the form of a plate with a central opening, a groove to lock muzzle brake-compensator, clamps for the grapnel and a gun barrel.EFFECT: creation of effective, mobile, quick-detachable, compact and inexpensive device for clearance of mines.8 dwg

Under-barrel grenade launcher // 2612315
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the military equipment and relates to grenade launchers. The under-barrel grenade launcher includes a housing with a mechanical stop to the breech and the bottom of the liner holder with an annular groove and aligned with the mechanical stop of the tubular body extender, made from the mechanical stop with a longitudinal groove and elements of fastening of the case of small arms, rifled barrel, placed in a tubular extension cord on its axis, with a thickening of the cartridge chamber and symmetric radial projections located at the breech of the barrel, and connected to the tubular extension body hinge and placed on the end abutment housing the firing mechanism to the handle, spring-loaded detent bore, cooperating with its radial projection, and extractor . In this case the barrel in the ring is mounted movably in the longitudinal and circumferential directions. On the trunk thickening of the cartridge chamber before symmetrical radial projections additional radial projection is made. It is disposed in the longitudinal slot of the tubular extension. On the inner surface of the tubular extension, radial projections are formed and disposed symmetrically. Longitudinal groove on the tubular extension cord is made on length, providing output breech beyond tubular extension when turning on the hinge barrel after it is moved in the longitudinal direction of the way into the ring. The spring-loaded stopper is mounted on the housing opposite the groove in the tubular extension cord. The extractor is made on the housing opposite the longitudinal slot of the tubular extension in the form of a spring-loaded hook.EFFECT: barrel-attached grenade launcher with improved accuracy of fire and accuracy of fire, with a grenade launcher to increase the resources, while maintaining the convenience of loading and reloading in the supine position, removing the restriction on the length of the cartridge.6 cl, 16 dwg

ethod for delay of explosion products blow along projectile edges // 2612229
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the test equipment and it is intended for using in military equipment tests, particularly, in the methods of explosion products blows delays. Method of explosion products blows delays along the edges of the projectile, includes positioning at least a part of the projectile surface in contact with the surface of the explosion products cutter, made from the material with a greater acoustical stiffness, than the material of the projectile. The contacting end surface of the projectile and opposite to it the cutter surface is done in the form of chamfers of the wedge shape. The projectile surface area, facing to the explosive charge BB, is performed greater than the area of its opposite surface.EFFECT: invention provides the absence of the projectile edges destruction and its tight contact with the adjacent cutter of the explosion products.1 dwg

Launching unit for air-launched missiles // 2612228
FIELD: aircraft; weapon and ammunitions.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft weapons and concerns multi-barrel launchers (L). Launchers for air-launched missiles comprises cylindrical casing with suspension assemblies of launcher to aircraft, fairings, set of launch tubes fixed in the end discs of the housing, protector of missiles from aerodynamic heating, electric system for pulsing to missiles and lock for retention. At that the protector of missiles from aerodynamic heating is composed in the form of rotary valves, pivoted with a possibility for opening and smooth shock-free closing of the launch tubes. Launch tubes are equipped with a gas device, configured with a possibility to discharge the part of missile jet stream in the front part of the pipes.EFFECT: preservation of aircraft controllability after missiles blow-off is achieved by closing launch tubes and reduction of the area swept surface of launcher with air flow.3 cl, 10 dwg

Armored recovery vehicle // 2612226
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of armored engineer vehicles, particularly, to the armored recovery vehicle (ARV) of the light class. ARV contains a casing with a roof and a supporting and turning crane device with a column and a ball-type swivel pad, which is equipped with two rows of balls and radial spherical bearing with a ring, secured on it. The ball-type swivel pad is connected with the pad installed onboard the vehicle, and the ring with the radial bearing is secured in the roof counterbore of the vehicle body. Two diametrically located holes are performed in the ring of the bottom row of the balls of the swivel pad coaxially to the pair of the smooth holes of the top row of balls of the swivel pad. The thread holes and the smooth holes are spread to an arbitrary angle relatively to the mounting holes of the ball-type swivel pad with the pad installed onboard the vehicle.EFFECT: invention allows simplifying of dismantling of the supporting and turning crane device.2 cl, 4 dwg

Combat tank // 2612223
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of tank construction. The combat tank contains an armored box frame and rotating gun turret. The turret is performed in the form of a semi-sphere with an angling collar in the area of equatorial plane. There are clamps evenly installed around the turret on the top of the frame; they hang over the turret collar in a cantilever manner. An armored ring consisting of separate segments, which overlap the gap between the turret and the frame, is installed behind the clamps coaxially to the turret. Each segment of the armored ring has the internal hollow with an explosive charge. The armored ring segments are secured on the top of the frame in the gaps between the clamps, and there are protective sheds installed in front of the clamps from the side of a damaging source exposure. The armored ring segments and protective sheds of the clamps have containers with explosive reactive armor on their external side.EFFECT: method of armor protection improvement of a tank.4 cl, 4 dwg

Comprehensive simulator for mortar units training // 2612083
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: integrated simulator for training mortar units containing a mortar simulator, a control unit, a screen for the projector, a trainer's automated workstation, an automated workstation for tactical situation simulation, an acoustic system, a printer, a projector, a dummy mine, a three-plane inclinometer.EFFECT: increased efficiency of mortar units training.1 dwg
Sosnin's machine gun // 2612076
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to small arms, namely to machine guns. Machine gun comprises barrel, breech frame, gas discharge tube with gas piston, shutter, elements for holding machine gun, while firing, and magazine for cartridges. Two shutters are made for machine gun, articulated with bolt and interacting with it independently from each other. Elements for holding are equipped with front and rear handles. Gas discharge tube is made under machine gun barrel and it is equipped with moving fore-end. Magazine is straight and fixed on top along barrel between foresight base and breech frame.EFFECT: higher accuracy and grouping of shots are achieved, while firing as with thrust against arm so while firing with two hands, as well as ease of use.1 cl, 1 dwg
Land transportation system // 2612070
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: land transportation system includes the first vehicle with a body, an engine-transmission unit and a mover included into the chassis, as well as the second vehicle fully installed in the extreme part of the body and connected with it, the second vehicle is a capsule with its own body, engine-transmission unit and mover included into the chassis, with the possibility of autonomous separation of the second vehicle from the first vehicle under its own power. The edge of the vehicle body portion serving as the support for the second vehicle is designed as a fork grip, with at least left and right tow hooks and a possibility of raising and lowering by means of guides and power actuator. The support elements of the second vehicle chassis are located in the longitudinal vertical planes along the fork grip hooks with a possibility of hanging in the raised fork position and possible support on the ground with longitudinal movement together with the body relative to the fork grip in the lowered position of the latter.EFFECT: evacuation opportunity using an onboard self-propelled evacuating capsule.15 cl, 7 dwg

Guidance method of controled projectile, teleoriented in laser ray (versions) // 2612054
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the aviation instrument manufacturing field of the controlled projectile guidance systems and can be used in guidance systems (GS) with teleorientation of the projectile in the laser ray. For this purpose, in comparison with the known guidance method of the controlled projectile, teleoriented in the laser ray, containing a modulated optical control field formation, using two injections lasers, which emitting areas are located perpendicular to the axes of two measuring projectile coordinates , and providing constant linear size of the RL field on the projectile range capability, by changing the focal length of the pancratic lens, the new is that in the first embodiment of the method within a time from the launch of the projectile until , where ωc - cut-off frequency of the projectile control system, rad /s, increase the field size upto the value (1.82,3÷)RL, and from the time t1 reduce it to the time point , upto the RL value, by means of program additional variation of changing the focal length of the pancratic lens. In the second embodiment, in comparison with the known guidance method of the controlled projectile, teleoriented in the laser ray, containing a modulated optical control field formation, using two injections lasers, which emitting areas are located perpendicular to the axes of two measuring projectile coordinates , and providing constant linear size of the RL field on the projectile range capability, by changing the focal length of the pancratic lens and the correction in time of the transmission ratio in the control field, the new is that within a time from the launch of the projectile until , where ωc - cut-off frequency of the projectile control system, rad /s, increase the field size upto the value (3,04,0÷) RL and after time t1 reduce it to the time point , upto the RL value, by means of program additional variation of changing the focal length of the pancratic lens, at that the correction in time of the transmission ratio in the control field at the projectile flight section untill the time point t2 is performed different, according to each of two measuring coordinates. The application of the proposed methods options let to increase the accuracy of projectile guidance in the initial section of the flight, while ensuring the required energy potential of the laser ray on the further guidance section.EFFECT: invention provides the extension of functionality by ensuring reasonable control field size over the entire section of the projectile flight: enlargement of the ray size upto required values at the initial section of the projectile guidance, when its deviations reaches maximum values and further gradual reduction of the size upto the value, that is acceptable to the ground portion of the flight, with the possibility of transmission ratio correction in the control field, different in the vertical and horizontal channels.2 cl, 2 dwgср – c

Reconnaissance and fire weapon system of tank armament // 2612037
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the objects of armored vehicles. Reconnaissance and fire weapon system of the tank armament represents a tank with the primary armament and the control system of its firepower, a launcher with the control system for storage and launching projectiles. The supporting and turning platform of the launcher contains a container with jet projectiles in the form of a module with blowout blast plates and a subpackage block in the form of autoloader-equipped combustible shells. Opening curtains are installed in the rear part of the turret. Containers for placing and launching of unmanned aerial vehicles are included into the sighting and observation system. The unmanned aerial vehicles are additionally equipped with detection and aiming devices for target destruction, systems of attachment and application of armament. The system of landing consisting of the guiding block and the landing block is provided for landing of an unmanned aerial vehicle on the tank.EFFECT: invention allows improving protection of a tank crew and increasing of ammunition capacity.3 dwg
Hydraulic brake of artillery piece recoil // 2611853
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic brake of artillery piece recoil comprises a cylinder, a piston, a rod, a spindle, a valve assembly, a stuffing box, an adjusting ring. In its front portion the housing has a recoil increace adjusting device consisting of a joint of a splined control device housing sleeve with splines on the end of the spindle, a screw joint of a spindle screw with a toothed transmission wheel rotatable in thrust bearings rigidly mating with a toothed wheel connected to a motor shaft through an amplifier by an elevating mechanism rotation sensor.EFFECT: stabilized recoil length at high angles of barrel elevation.2 dwg

Gas-dynamic pressure source // 2611852
FIELD: physics, instrumentation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to gas-dynamic devices using gas-generating charges, namely, explosives, as power sources. Gas-dynamic pressure source comprises a high pressure chamber with an inner cavity where the gas generating explosive charge is placed. A gas output is made at one end of the chamber, and an input of the initiation line of the gas-generating explosive charge, connecting it to the initiation source located outside the chamber, is made on the other end. At that, the cross-sectional area of the gas output hole shall be min. 0.25 of the cross-sectional area of the inner cavity of the chamber and the cross-sectional area of holes for the input of the initiation line of the gas-generating explosive charge is 0.01-0.05 of the cross-sectional area of one hole. The gas output hole is covered by a membrane to collapse under the pressure of explosion products of the gas generating charge.EFFECT: invention extends functionality by enabling higher speeds of movement of the loaded object.2 cl, 1 dwg

Overmuzzle device of firearm barrel // 2611461
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the small arms, namely, to overmuzzle devices. The overmuzzle device contains a housing, attachement unit to the firearm barrel, through bullet channel, cut-off chamber, the cover, including the front part of the cut-off chamber and the bullet hole. The housing of device is made, like a composite, from integrally connected between each other the cut-off chambers. Each chamber consists of two washers with radial curvature and different diameters of the bullet holes, connected between each other by a circular housing member. The fastening unit includes the bleeding holes and a convex edge, lying in the plane perpendicular to the central axes of the bleeding holes.EFFECT: invention provides the reduce of recoil impulse, reduce of the propellant gas temperature, reduce of the sound of the shot, improvement of the barrel and overmuzzle device blow, increase of the structural strength.6 cl, 2 dwg

Vehicle bottom reinforcement device with torsion bars and vehicle equipped with such a device // 2611447
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to a bottom reinforcement device (101b) and a vehicle equipped with the reinforced bottom. Vehicle bottom reinforcement device the to mine actuation where the vehicle contains at least one torsion bar installed under the bottom. The device contains at least one holding means (1) made for fixing to the bottom underside (101b). Holding means (1) is formed by a flange and comprises at least one gap made to surround the lower part of at least one torsion bar (10). The flange is fixed directly to the bottom underside (101b), so that one or more torsion bars (10) prevented bottom deformation (101b) towards the interior. The vehicle (100) comprising a bottom (101b) and at least one torsion bar (10) placed under the bottom (101b), and comprising a bottom reinforcement device.EFFECT: invention provides the vehicle bottom reinforcement without changing the vehicle weight.7 cl, 5 dwg

Curved-barrel disk revolver // 2611444
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: curved-barrel disk revolver contains a casing (1) with a flat hollow handle (2) formed by the connection of its left and right parts and the following components installed in it: a barrel (3), a disk cylinder (4), a locking device, a mechanism of turning and fixation of the cylinder, a shot-producing device, a triggering element (5) included into the mechanism of turning and fixation of the cylinder and shot-producing device, a reloading device, and a safety device. The cylinder (4) has the horizontal transverse axis of rotation (6) located below the axis (7) of a barrel (3) channel (8). The cylinder (4) is performed with multiple through chambers (10) remoted from each other with the same angular spacing (α) with the possibility to load them manually and manual extraction of empty shells. Coaxiality (axis 11) of each of the chambers (10) to a bullet seat (12) of the barrel (3) channel (8) and a microgap (13) between cylindrical surface (radius R) of the cylinder (4) and the surface of the barrel (3) tenon (14) are provided in an action situation. The part of the said components of the revolver are located in the hollow area of the handle (2). The barrel (3) is performed curved in the longitudinal vertical plane. Moreover, it is performed with the straight-line front section (L1) from the muzzle face (9) oriented horizontally and the radially (r) curved rear section (L2) to the bullet seat (12) of the barrel (3) channel (8) oriented downwards and included into the hollow area of the handle (2) to the cylinder (4) with formation of the microgap (13). The chambers (10) in the cylinder (4) are located radially. The cylinder (4) is located entirely in the bottom part of the hollow area of the handle (2). The axis (6) of the cylinder rotation (4) is located at a distance (H) more than a magnitude of R from the line extending the axis of the front straight-line section (L1) of the barrel (3) and at the distance R from the barrel (3) tenon (14) on the straight in extension of the bullet seat axis (12) of its channel (8).EFFECT: increasing of action performance of the weapon, firstly, increasing of a shot strength, better weapon balance, and extension of revolver diversity.12 cl, 21 dwg

Double-sided camouflage material // 2611277
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: developed is double-sided camouflage material, comprising textile layer, on which woodlands camouflage pattern is printed, layer, which suppresses infrared radiation and textile layer, on which desert camouflage pattern is printed. Infrared radiation suppressing layer can include polyurethane layer, arranged between carbon containing layer from expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and layer from expanded polytetrafluoroethylene. Carbon can be arranged in oleophobic layer on extended polytetrafluoroethylene or within film from expanded polytetrafluoroethylene. In one embodiment, textile layer with desert camouflage pattern is absent and coating composition, which includes dye and infrared radiation suppressing additives, is applied on expanded polytetrafluoroethylene layer outer surface. Camouflaging material according to invention exhibits disguising properties in near infrared and short-wave infrared wavelength ranges of electromagnetic radiation spectrum. Besides, at same time, camouflage material has high air permeability and extremely low weight.EFFECT: this material is especially suitable for making double-sided camouflaging clothes, such as jackets and trousers.56 cl, 5 dwg

Hardware-off-loop simulation method of aircraft homing system and device for its implementation // 2610877
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the simulation of control systems (CS) with homing heads(HH) of air and space craft (A&SC). The active phased antenna array (APAA) is used, the segment of which is formed from the radiating elements APAA, and having a size of nm× elements, moves along the plane of the grid surface, thereby reproducing the relative movement of the aircraft and the target, and emits the desired signal, simulating the signal reflected from the target. At that, the phase surface of the APAA segment is oriented so, that the perpendicular to the phase surface of the APAA segment, along which the emission of the desired signal is formed, directed always to the homing head (HH), mounted on a dynamic rotary stand, and, moreover, it allows to generate additional segments, emitting signals, also always directed to the HH and imitating the radio noise environment for the HH, which is close to the real in almost the entire range of angular movement of the antenna HH A&SC.EFFECT: expansion of passband and minimizing the amplitude-phase distortions.2 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of generating of combined low-temperature interference for decoy or deception curtain // 2610792
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: within the method of creation of combined low-temperature interference for a decoy or deception curtain, the ammunition loading is performed in the form of smoldering tape or tape-helix elements based on paper. The rotation of the element round its largest axis of symmetry is performed during falling in the atmosphere. The base of the element is saturated with an aqueous solution of an oxidizer, for example potassium permanganate, dried, and covered with uniform solid layer of aluminum powder in a bonding agent based on the celluloid or polystyrene.EFFECT: increasing of efficiency of electronic countermeasures.2 ex

Stand for research hypervelocity impact of fine particles with barrier // 2610790
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: stand for research hypervelocity impact of fine particles with a barrier involves a barreled launching device with drop points placed in its acceleration trunk and a vacuum chamber connected to it on the side of the acceleration trunk cutoff. A barrier and a bullet receiver are placed inside the chamber. Drummers are placed in easily breakable thin-walled container located at a distance of 10-15 calibers from the beginning of the acceleration trunk. The barrier is formed as a plate with a center through hole with a diameter of 5-8 acceleration trunk calibers. Samples of the material are fixed on the plate around the hole and over some distance.EFFECT: less distortion of the target high-speed interaction with the drummers.1 dwg

achine gun // 2610750
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of arms, namely a machine gun. Machine gun installation comprises a base with fixing elements on the carrier, the rotating part of a swivel rocker part and braking mechanisms. The base is connected to the axis of the base and hook fasteners with machine gun on the media. On a rocking side surface Radius performed with one or more locking grooves. A rotating part installed with the possibility of interaction with the movable rod locking groove. The swivel window holds the sidewalls. Based on the slider situated with follower surfaces that may interact with the movable rod and side walls of the box in the swivel. The base is provided with stops and a slider running ram stopper mounted to cooperate with the fastening elements on a carrier machine gun.EFFECT: invention increases the combat capabilities of the machine gun.2 cl, 3 dwg
Fire automatic weapons // 2610749
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of weapons, namely firearms. Fire weapons include receiver, barrel, bolt carrier with a rotary shutter larva and disconnector, return mechanism. Uncoupler is designed as a spring-loaded ram mounted in the bore of the bolt along the bore axis. The head of the bolt head holds nest with the possibility of entering into it disconnector and locking bolt head in the slide frame when moving the latter in its rearmost position and vice versa.EFFECT: fire weapon with a simplified design and reliable automation work.2 dwg

ethod of manufacturing automatic small arms // 2610739
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to small arms, particularly, to automatic firearms and method of its production. Automatic gun is assembled as per the bullpup and comprises a breech frame, a firing mechanism, a pressure element, a lengthwise tie-rod and a standard trigger. Manufacturing method of the automatic gun means that the trigger is located behind the firing mechanism, the lengthwise tie-rod has a front end, an elongated part and a rear end, the pressure element is made with the possibility of installation, in fact, on the trigger pin, the upper end of the pressure element is designed to be articulated with the lengthwise tie-rod rear end, the upper end of the trigger is made to be articulated with the lengthwise tie-rod front end, and the lower end is a grip for a finger. Pressure element, the trigger and the lengthwise tie-rod are made and set so, that the elongated part of the lengthwise tie-rod completely lies inside the breech frame on the left from the vertical plane passing through the longitudinal axis of the weapon.EFFECT: provided is simplified design of the weapon.5 cl, 6 dwg
 
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