Working cement, clay, or stone (B28)

B28            Working cement, clay, or stone(16257)

ethod for manufacturing gypsum panels and relevant device // 2627331
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method includes the stage of continuously injecting gypsum pulp into the space between a pair of the upper and the lower sheets of construction paper while simultaneously feeding a pair of the upper and the lower sheets of construction paper to obtain a multilayer material and ensuring the passage of the multilayer material between the pair of the upper and the lower moulding plates for obtaining a moulded object, the thickness of which depends on the gap between the plates. Wherein as at least one of a pair of upper and lower moulding plates, a moulding plate is used, comprising: a main plate body made of an electrically conductive material; and an embedded electrode embedded in the main plate body. Wherein the embedded electrode is electrically insulated from the main plate body by an insulator and is embedded so that its portion extends to the surface of the main plate body, in contact with the sheet of construction paper. Wherein an electric circuit is formed by electrically connecting the main plate body and the embedded electrode embedded in the main plate body, and voltage is supplied into this circuit. When cutting a construction paper sheet bringing the main plate body and the embedded electrode into contact with the gypsum pulp, and when electric current appears in the electrical circuit, the gap between the pair of the upper and the lower moulding plates is expanded to eliminate the cause of conduction. After that, the gap between the pair of the upper and the lower moulding plates is restored to the original gap size.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of continuous production of gypsum slabs without stopping the production process, reducing the manufacturing of a significant number of defective products.10 cl, 10 dwg

Device for preparation of the porcelained mixture // 2626202
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: cavitation mixer is designed for various heat and mass transfer processes in liquid and gaseous media in chemical technology, the production of building materials in which the creation of a uniform field of concentrations and temperatures throughout the volume of the stirred medium at a reasonable cost of power is required. Device for preparing porous mixture includes the mixing bowl, the vertical drive shaft with radial girders on it, on the ends that have a hollow tapered blades with nozzles directed blades pointing in the direction of rotation of the drive shaft, internal cavity blades connected with gas source. Wedge-shaped blades made of hollow cones with nozzles in the form of diffusers. Nozzles are placed at the basis of hollow cones. Outside the cones, the cylindrical guides are coaxially mounted in the head part of them, the cylindrical guides are made with a diameter smaller than the diameter of the bases of the cones. The internal cavity of the cones are connected with gas source via hollow radial arms and hollow vertical drive shaft. The walls of the cylindrical guides can be made in the head part of the blades by solid ones, in the rear part they are perforated. Perforated part of the cylindrical guide rails can be made of twisted coil springs or multi-turn cylindrical wave springs. To the rear parts of the cylindrical guides, coaxially hollow toroidal chambers may be joined, along the perimeter of toroidal chambers from the exterior surfaces of hollow cones are made doughnut holes conical shape, internal volume of toroidal chambers connected through hollow radial mounts gas source.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of mixing and dispersion processes of liquid materials in the production of small tonnage.5 cl, 4 dwg
ixture of powder materials of gravitational type // 2626102
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: mixer of powder materials includes a mixing chamber on a moving wheel which axis is fixed in a stationary bed and a motion generator that converts the reciprocating motion of the pendulum into a rotation of the wheel in which the mixing chamber is fixed.EFFECT: obtaining a homogeneous powder mixture due to the operation of the generator of motion, as a result of which the mixing chamber with the powder mixture rotates together with the wheel, and the movement of the mixture along the movable inclined trays and walls of the chamber ensures its more intensive mixing.1 dwg
Facade decorative composite material // 2625059
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: coating composite material includes, wt %: magnesia binding material, obtained by calcining dolomite waste and its subsequent grinding, 48.5-57.5; preservative - methacid 5.9-7.9; thickener - glue on an organic basis 13.5-17.5; distributor of the modifying additive - polycarboxylate superplasticizer 0,6-0,7; multi-walled carbon nanotubes MWNTs, surface-modified by photocatalytically acting nanoparticles in the form of titanium, zinc, iron, manganese, molybdenum, chromium or tungsten compounds separately deposited on the MWNT surface, 0.05-0.8, depending on the operating conditions of the coating material; water is the rest.EFFECT: high mechanical strength, wear resistance, adhesion to the concealed surfaces of facade decoration composite material, self-cleaning, long time of use without renovation.1 dwg, 3 tbl

Plant for manufacturing drywall and method of manufacturing gypsum slab // 2624847
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: plant for manufacturing drywall comprises at least one circulating device (10) in the form of a conveyor belt for obtaining a gypsum layer formed from the upper shell (27), the lower shell (28) and the single-layered or multilayer gypsum core (26) arranged therebetween, and for moulding and curing the gypsum layer (16). Wherein the device (10) in the form of a conveyor belt has a support belt (11) providing a support for the bottom side (17) of the gypsum layer (16). Wherein in the vicinity of the device (10) in the form of a conveyor belt, there is a device for ultrasonic impact with one or more ultrasonic radiators (15, 20, 22, 24). Wherein at least one lower ultrasonic radiator is arranged between the support belt (11) and the bottom side (17) of the gypsum layer (16), and the support belt in the vicinity of said ultrasonic radiator passes along the deflecting device (13).EFFECT: increasing the effectiveness of ultrasound application and its introduction into the gypsum layer.15 cl, 4 dwg

Joist for producing cast-in-place and precast building frame // 2624476
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: joist for producing cast-in-place and precast building frame is made cast-in-place and precast in the form of three-dimensional bodies with a precast lower broadened part and a cast-in-place upper part narrowed relative to the lower part in the form of an extended polyhedron with a cross section mainly in the form of a rectangle or trapezium forming a single bearing profile with local broadenings in the form of projections arranged along the length of the joist at a pitch corresponding to the pitch of hollows leaning against the joist of floor hollow slabs, together with the precast part. The projections are extended in the direction of the hollow axes, have a length not less than 1.3 of the thickness of the corresponding slabs, and are placed in the presupport and support zones of the slab hollows. In this case, the precast broadened part of the joist on one side consists of a main bearing element of rectangular cross-section and an auxiliary bearing element of rectangular cross-section parallel to it. The main and auxiliary elements are joined together by reinforced connecting elements of rectangular cross-section with a width of 0.68, a length of 0.568-0.795 of the hollow slab thickness and thermofillers made of thermal insulating materials with a bulk density of 35-200 kg/m3 are mounted between the main, auxiliary and connecting elements. In the cast-in-place joist part narrowed relative to the precast lower broadened part the projections are arranged on its other side at a pitch of the connecting elements of the precast lower broadened joist part and have a length of 0568-0795, a width of 0.68 of the corresponding plates thickness. The height of the projections must be not less than the height limited by the highest point of the cross section of the projections, which are inserted into the hollows of the slabs leaning against the joist. The cast-in-place upper joist part narrowed relative to the lower part is made with the possibility of mounting an outer layer of enclosure structures on the auxiliary elements of the joist, structures are made of piece materials of a height equal to or greater than the height of the cast-in-place part of the joist, which fulfils the role of form system for grouting the upper part narrowed relative to the lower part of the joist; as well as for grouting the frame joints and the building's overlap, thermofillers made of thermal insulating materials with a bulk density of 35-200 kg/m3 are mounted between the outer layer of enclosure structures, projections over the connecting elements of the precast lower broadened part of the joist, polyhedron at the cast-in-place part of the joist. U-shaped rods passing through all joist cross-section are mounted over the upper surface of the joist main elements along their longitudinal axis, are located between prestressed reinforcement of lower and upper layers of prestressed rods, and are required for mounting the upper working reinforcement of the joists.EFFECT: reduction of labour and material costs while reducing production time of works and ensuring that they can be conducted in all weather conditions, in regions belonging to the harsh climate zones with low negative temperatures in winter as well, and providing straightness state of the joist surfaces at facade surfaces of buildings and structures.16 cl, 6 dwg

String tension device of machine for cutting raw material // 2623764
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: string tension device of the machine for cutting raw material includes a feed drive for the raw material, an air cylinder, a string rigidly fixed with one end to one support of the machine, and with the other end - to the rod of the pneumatic cylinder, the housing of which is rigidly fixed to the other support of the machine. Wherein it additionally contains a pneumatic distributor with electromagnetic control, a strain gauge, a pressure sensor in the pneumatic cylinder, a selector generating a signal proportional to the string tension force, the first and the second comparison devices, a string tension force regulator, and an air pressure regulator in the pneumatic cylinder. Wherein the selector output is connected to the direct input of the first comparison device, the inverse input of which is connected to the strain gauge. The output signal of the first comparison device is supplied to the input of the string tension force regulator, the output signal of which is supplied to the direct input of the second comparison device, the inverse input of which is connected to the pressure sensor output in the pneumatic cylinder. The output signal of the second comparison device is supplied to the air pressure regulator inlet in the air cylinder. The output signal of the air pressure regulator in the pneumatic cylinder is supplied to the pneumatic cylinder input with electromagnetic control, the output of which is connected to the pneumatic cylinder input.EFFECT: increasing the service life of the string of the machine for cutting raw material and reducing the technological waste while manufacturing construction products.2 dwg

ethod of cutting raw material massive of cellular concrete // 2623763
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of cutting a raw material massive of cellular concrete by means of feeding the raw material to a workplace equipped with a feed drive for a raw material massive, pneumocylinders and strings rigidly fixed with one end to the support of the machine for cutting raw material, and the other to a rod of a pneumatic cylinder. Wherein the automatic string tension control system is additionally connected, consisting of a strain gauge, pressure sensors for pneumatic cylinders, a selector generating a signal proportional to the string tension force, two comparating devices, a string tension force regulator, a regulator of air pressure in a pneumatic cylinder, a pulse width converter and a pneumatic distributor with electromagnetic control forming the control action on pneumatic cylinders. Wherein before the start of cutting the raw material massive, the matrix-column of permissible values of string tension forces is determined, conditioned by the mechanical properties of the strings, the cutting speed and the rheological properties of the raw material. The tension force of each string is measured, and a matrix-column of measured values is formed. The permissible value of the tension force for each string is compared with the measured values, the difference signal of which is supplied to the input of the string tension force regulator. The pressure in each pneumatic cylinder is then measured. The output signal of the string tension force regulator is compared with the changed value of the pressure in the pneumatic cylinder. The difference signal is supplied to the input of the air pressure regulator in the pneumatic cylinder. The output signal of the air pressure regulator in the pneumatic cylinder is supplied to the input of the pulse-width converter. The output pressure of the pulse-width converter is supplied to the pneumatic cylinder pulling the string with the required force.EFFECT: increasing the service life of the string of the machine for cutting raw material and reducing the technological waste while manufacturing construction products.2 dwg

ethod of manufacturing crucible with quartz ceramic bottom branch pipe and device for its implementation // 2623404
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: crucible preforms with a bottom hole are made separately from the branch pipe. In gypsum molds, inserts are installed with a gap equal to the wall thickness of the future crucible preform or the branch pipe. In the gaps, a slurry of quartz glass grits is poured. The preforms of the crucible and the branch pipe are formed. The inserts are removed, and the preforms are dried in gypsum molds in the air for, at least, 48 hours. The gypsum molds are removed. Assembly of the crucible preforms and the branch pipe is made into one product. The branch pipe is fixed in a tripod, onto which the support ring is mounted. Above, the crucible is fed in such a way that part of the branch pipe above the support ring protrudes at a small distance above the inner wall of the crucible. Between the gaps formed between the parts of the outer wall of the branch pipe and the bottom of the crucible, which are attached to fixing, a slurry is poured. Drying in the open air is not less than 72 hours. Then it is fired at a stepwise rise in temperature from 20 to 1200°C with an exposure of up to 2 hours at each temperature range, with a temperature rise rate of 50°C/hour up to 150°C/hour.EFFECT: obtaining a crucible with a quartz ceramic bottom branch pipe with a uniform wall thickness.2 cl, 5 dwg
Device for forming ceramic articles by slip casting // 2623393
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for forming ceramic articles by slip casting and can be used in production of tubular articles, for example, from silicon carbide, used as containers for a long period burial of radioactive wastes. Device for forming ceramic articles by slip casting comprises an outer shell made of sheet steel perforated with holes and an internal forming core. Inner surface of the perforated shell is covered with a layer of filtering paper. Square of holes on the perforated shell increases along the height from 35 % on the upper part to 65 % on the lower part, herewith the square of holes is distributed discretely along the perforated shell, herewith the length of each discrete section is equal to 50 mm, and the number of discrete sections is equal to the relative length of the article to the length of a discrete section, on each of which the holes square is increased by a value equal to the difference of the hole square of the lower and the upper parts of the shell, which is related to the number of discrete sections in percentage.EFFECT: higher uniformity of casts, reduced spoilage during formation of ceramic articles of tubular shape by slip casting.1 cl, 1 ex, 1 tbl
ethod of treating diamond crystals and diamond materials // 2622568
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of treating diamond crystals and diamond materials by contacting in the presence of hydrogen with metallic template tool, which is capable of dissolving diamond during heating to obtain carbon. Metallic template tool is preliminary saturated with hydrogen for compact and secure storage in the template tool and extraction in the treatment zone to obtain a gaseous compound with a carbon. The treatment is carried out in a protective atmosphere at a temperature of the diamond-carbon solution in the material of the template tool and hydrogen extraction from the template tool.EFFECT: lower hazard level when using gaseous hydrogen in the technical process.6 cl

ould set for forming complex ceramic workpieces // 2622422
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of moulding large complex ceramic products from aqueous slurries, type of quartz crucibles for the metallurgical industry. The mould set for forming complex ceramic workpieces contains water-absorbing matrix, located in a metal frame, core and a feeding node. In this case, the water absorbing matrix is made of porous polymer of thickness10-30 mm and 15-60% porosity. The frame has branch pipes for compressed air and water supply into the gap between the frame and the matrix. The feeding node contains the branch pipe for pressure supply.EFFECT: increased productivity of mould sets for forming complex ceramic workpieces.1 dwg
Synchronized control of gypsum slurry amount // 2622416
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: plant for producing plaster boards comprises the belt conveying device (10) having the support belt (11), the first supply channel (24) for the first shell (12), such that the first shell (12) is directed to the support belt (11), the gypsum supply channel (22) supplying the gypsum slurry (13) from the mixer (23) to the first shell (12) to form rough gypsum plastering (14) on the first shell (12) in such a way. Furthermore, the plant comprises the second supply passage (25) to the second shell (15), such that the second shell (15) is applied to the rough gypsum plastering (14) and a plaster layer (16) is formed, comprising the first shell (12), the rough gypsum plastering (14) and the second shell (15), as well as the aligning device such as, for example, a levelling bar (17) or a levelling roller, to level the gypsum layer (16), and the metering device (26). Whrein the metering device (26) is designed and installed in order to decrease as compared to the predetermined amount VV the amount V (t) of the gypsum slurry (13) introduced between the first shell (12) and the second shell (15), with the predetermined synchronization frequency f for a predetermined time interval tΔ. Wherein the metering device is arranged near the moulding table (28), is preferably integrated into the moulding table (28) on which the gypsum layer (16) is moulded and pressed by means of connecting the first shell (12), the gypsum slurry (13), and the second shell (15). Wherein the metering device (26) comprises the limiting blade (29) or the restraining roller disposed perpendicularly to the movement direction of the belt conveying device (10) and constructed movable in the direction of the rough gypsum plastering (14) with the predetermined stroke h in the direction orthogonal to the movement direction in the longitudinal direction of the limiting blade (29) or the limiting roller.EFFECT: increased efficiency of resistance to the effects that may occur due to the intended material deformation in the area of gypsum layer curing.17 cl, 5 dwg

ixer-capsulator of continuous operation // 2622055
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in the mixer-capsulator of continuous operation, including a vertically-oriented steel cylindrical container, with the upper and the lower parts made in the form of truncated cones, mounted on a frame and fixed in the support platform linked with the drive equipped with the eccentrics and balance weights; loading and unloading device; wherein the lower container part is connected with the frame by means of braces, and the support platform is suspended to the frame on steel rods, the cylindrical part of the container inside over the entire height is additionally provided with shelves in the form of reverse truncated cones bonded to each other by means of steel strips attached with bolt connections to the inner surface of the cylindrical container; the smaller bases of the reverse cones are made in the form of openings, and the edges of the larger bases are welded to the steel strips with an inclination angle of the cones generatrix to the vertical axis, selected in the range from 30 to 55 degrees; the height of the cones is from 0.2 to 0.5 of the cylindrical container diameter, and the distance there between is selected in the range from 0.1 to 0.2 of the cylindrical container diameter.EFFECT: encapsulation process continuity and high performance of the device.3 dwg

Device for removing stony inclusions // 2621821
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for removing stony inclusions contain consistently mounted in the casing screw stone-distinguishing knife and grate with slotted holes, directed from the center to the periphery. Before the grille the stone-outputting tube is installed in the body, on the output of which the cumulative chamber is located. Inside the cumulative chamber, the helical rotor is placed, consisting of cylindrical sector, associated with spiral sector and cutting line, located radially. Cylindrical sector with the possibility of locking the stone-outlet pipe.EFFECT: efficiency of cleaning stony inclusions from the ceramic mass is improved by adjusting the length of the material in the working area, the operational reliability of the device is increased.6 cl, 3 dwg

Bulk materials gravity mixer // 2621225
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: bulk materials gravity mixer comprises a fixed vertical rectangular housing, with loading devices on the top, and unloading devices in the bottom, inclined trays are arranged one above the other inside the housing, under these inclined trays hollow truncated cones are installed protruding from the housing through windows in its side walls. Additional loading devices are located above each hollow truncated cone near its protruding portions facing each of the four housing walls, and pyramidal diffusors are located below each hollow truncated cone.EFFECT: higher efficiency of the process.2 dwg

ethod and device for treatment of article in form of precast concrete // 2620826
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for moving the concrete article (1, 1') in the form of precast concrete to a treatment station after curing consists in that a cured concrete article is lifted from the mould to the transport device and is moved by means of said transport device to a station of treatment after curing. Wherein at the station of treatment after curing the concrete article is lifted by means of lifting the transport device. The concrete article (1, 1') is fastened by the mounting straps or loops (2, 2') to the fastening means (7, 7') provided on the station of treatment after curing. After that, the transport device is lowered and withdrawn. Wherein the concrete article remains suspended at the station of treatment after curing for further treatment of said product.EFFECT: improved treatment conditions of a concrete article.11 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for contactless treatment of diamonds surface // 2620392
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for contactless treatment of the diamond surface includes heating the diamond surface to a temperature just below the diamond graphitization temperature, with the subsequent contactless impact on a local diamond surface area with a point source of energy by means of which the local temperature of the diamond surface is raised above the graphitization temperature.EFFECT: method allows to obtain a diamond the surface of which will have a nanoscale relief that provides the extension of the diamond application functionalities, while increasing the process efficiency and reducing power consumption for its treatment.3 ex

echanism of feeding material into screw devices // 2619702
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: mechanism of feeding the material into screw devices comprises a screw disposed in the housing and the loading mouth. A feeder is installed in the loading mouth perpendicular to the screw axis. The feeder axis is inclined from the vertical in the direction of screw rotation by 5-20°. On the feeder axis along the helical line, the blades are radially fixed, arranged at an angle to the plane of their rotation.EFFECT: increasing the operational reliability of the screw device due to eliminating the material sticking on the walls of the loading mouth, and due to preventing arching as well.5 cl, 5 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2619614
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer has a mixing chamber with material loading and unloading windows, a rotor with blades. In the lower and upper parts of the mixing chamber, the following is rigidly fixed in the middle: two upper and lower vibrators in the corrugated housings with vibration excitation by the lower and upper crank mechanisms, respectively. Inside each of the housings, discs with guide stands are centered horizontally and rigidly fixed, their function is to provide stable aimed translational rods motion from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber bottom and the lower vibrator, lower crank mechanism rod, and from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber top, the guide stand of the blade rotation drive and the upper vibrator, upper crank mechanism rod, respectively. At that, the upper and lower vibrators discs are provided with cylindrical projections, the function of which is the possibility of inserting and fixing of springs in the inner diameter, the springs are mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cups with rods rigidly fixed to their inner parts centers and pushers fixed to their outer parts center; the other ends of these pushers are rigidly fixed to the inner parts, forming the smallest of housing flutes, and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the smallest of vibrator housing flutes. The outer cylindrical cup portions have four symmetrically mounted protrusions with the function to transmit reciprocating motion to discs, capable of uniform distribution of vibration fields from the smallest of the housing flutes to the places of housing attachment, by providing uniform amplitude displacement values of each point of the corrugated housings outer generatrices at the time of full compression of springs into rubber gaskets with the function of mitigation of protrusions impact with discs. The vibrator housings are made in the form of the same corrugated metal shells, which are corrugated thin walled rotation bodies forming complex truncated geometric figures consisting of an aggregate of equal semicircles in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices; the extreme intersection points of the semicircles form the square vertices, and configured to generate two vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency, each one conforming to the corrugated contour of these rotation bodies, with multi-directional vibrations. Between the lower and the upper vibrator housings, in the center, a spring exciter is located configured as a spring group consisting of at least two different diameters of springs, which are fixed at diameters of recesses formed on the outer surface of the corrugated metal shells by the smallest flute group of the upper and lower vibrators, their function is to provide multiple groups of aggregate two-frequency vibration fields, each corresponding to the spiral shape of central springs of the spring vibration exciter forming vibration fields overlapping effect dynamization and additional vibration effects on the mixed components from the upper and lower vibrator housings, respectively.EFFECT: intensification of mixing of these components as a whole.4 dwg

achines for decoration, in particular for decoration of ceramics, and method of performing belt for decoration of the noted ceramics // 2619609
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: machine contains a belt in the form of a closed loop for transferring the decor to the receiving surface of the ceramic product and conveyor rollers around which the belt is wound and moves while rotating. Moreover, at least one of the noted conveyor rollers comprises a central portion and two end portions opposite to each other. At least one of the noted end portions freely rotates with respect to the other of the noted portions. The belt comprises a central portion with a small thickness and defining respective side edges attached to the flat, co-operating belts stretched to the noted end portions. The distance (A) between the two axial lines of the noted flat belts is shorter than the distance (B) between the locations with the maximum diameters (D) at the noted opposite end portions. The manufacturing method of the belt includes stretching due to the elasticity of the flat belts so that the size of their circumferential length substantially corresponds to the circumferential length of the tubular film. The edges of the tubular film are joined to the edges of the flat belts during the noted stretching of the flat belts. The stretching of these flat belts is eliminated.EFFECT: increased efficiency of the decor transfer to the receiving surface and simplified manufacture of the belt.20 cl, 5 dwg

Device for mould fixing to shaking table // 2619572
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for mould fixing to a shaking table includes the collar beam in the form of a spring-loaded two-armed lever which is hingedly fixed to the shaking table, and the opening mechanism. The opening mechanism is designed as a lever hingedly attached to the lug on the mould and interacting with the collar beam by the lower shoulder with the possibility of its opening, and by the upper shoulder tied using cargo loop with bow cut on the mould lug. When the load is removed from the cargo loop the lever turns and releases the collar beam from the impact.EFFECT: provision of rigid automatic fastening of the mould to the shaking table and automatic release of the mould when lifting from the shaking table.6 dwg

Device for milling frozen clay lumps // 2619275
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device contains the drive shafts (2). The drive shafts are installed in the horizontal frame (1) at least at two levels in staggered order parallel to each other. Saw discs of at least two diameters with an alternating and a gap are mounted on the shafts. The saw discs of the corresponding diameter on adjacent shafts are arranged opposite each other. In the gaps on the shafts there are bushings with at least one tooth (5). Grates (6) are mounted between the shafts. One end of each grate is arranged in the gap between the saw discs of the top-level shaft. The other end is arranged in the gap between the corresponding saw discs of the lower-level shaft.EFFECT: milling large frozen clay lumps for feeding into the clay preparation process line.7 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for concrete and reinforced concrete products heat treatment // 2618003
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for reinforced concrete products heat treatment includes pre-aging at an ambient temperature, temperature increase up to the setpoint and isothermal heating at this temperature, and cooling. At that, during isothermal heating, the heating temperature value is periodically changed in amplitude and duration, provided that the specified medium isothermal value is maintained. At that, the oscillation amplitude and the oscillation period are varied depending on the isothermal temperature tsp according to the given mathematical expressions.EFFECT: reduced energy consumption required to ensure the specified quality of concrete and reinforced concrete products and improved product quality without changes in the thermal processing technology.2 cl, 2 tbl, 4 dwg
ethod for preparing dispersed-reinforced mortar for monolithic floors // 2617812
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for preparing a dispersion-reinforced mortar for monolithic floors comprises mixing Portland cement, fiber, an aggregate, a plasticizing additive and mixing water in a mixer; the fiber is represented by basalt microfiber modified with polyhedral multilayer carbon nanostructures of the fulleroid type, the plasticiser is represented by a superplasticiser on the polycarboxylate base. The basalt microfibers are pre-dispersed in mixing water with the plasticizing additive by a rotary disperser within 9-11 minutes, then the product obtained is stirred in a forced action mixer with the aggregate and the portland cement.EFFECT: increasing the compressive strength and the bending tensile, and increasing the mortar homogeneity degree.2 tbl
Composite material for radiation protection // 2617755
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: following raw materials are used to make the composite material: split plates of modified muscovite. The muscovite and phlogopite plates must be of the same size, they are joined by adhesive bonding to the required thickness providing radiation resistance to neutron and gamma radiation. The sample thickness of the composite material, consisting of mica plates, varied to determine the optimal thickness of the composite material to provide maximum protection from neutron and gamma radiations. As an adhesive binder is used epoxy adhesive binder, particularly epoxy glue - compound of mark CMK-5 with a high radiation resistance.EFFECT: obtaining material for radiation protection having a high radiation resistance, and mechanical strength and ease of manufacture.2 cl

Vortex foam generator // 2617753
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industry of construction materials and can be used for preparation of technical foam mainly in technology of making foam concrete. Vortex foam generator comprises a compressor, pressure regulators, pressure control gauges, tank with a foaming agent, valves for feeding air and a foaming agent and vortex chamber. Vortex chamber is a set of modules, connected to each other using a known method, and comprises at least one module of top cover with inlet holes for channels to feed liquid and gaseous phases, at least one module each for distributing liquid and gaseous phases in radial and tangential channels of vortex chamber, at least one separation module for distribution of liquid and gaseous phases in radial and tangential channels of vortex chamber, at least one intermediate module with inlets, at least one module with tangential and radial slots, at least one module with an outlet hole of vortex chamber.EFFECT: creation of a mobile device for generation of technical foam of specified ratio, providing stability of properties of foam not only from cycle to cycle, and during cycle of producing foam.1 cl, 9 dwg, 3 tbl

Cylindrical shells centrifugal casting installation // 2617747
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: installation comprises a housing adapted to accommodate a horizontal tubular rotatable matrix, material melting means, matrices rotation drive. The installation housing is made splittable in a diametral plane, preferably at the middle of the length, with the possibility of its halves separation to the size not less than the length of the formed cylindrical shell. The inner housing surface is provided with a heat insulating layer. The installation housing limited by the tubular matrix cavity, accomodates at least two material melting means, one for each layer of the formed multilayer cylindrical shell, made preferably in the form of induction furnaces with the possibility of melting, respectively, either glass, or a metal used in the shell structure, with the possibility of reciprocating input-output from the tubular matrix cavity via through holes in end walls of the installation housing and rotatably about the horizontal axis to unload melt from them. The matrix rotation drive comprises stators arranged in the installation housing cavity at its ends, wherein the ends of tubular matrix outer surface, collar steps are rigidly fixed with conical outer surface, with a slope to the ends of the tubular matrix. Collar step surfaces are supported on stator teeth having windings arranged at equal distances along the stator perimeter which are arranged to form a surface congruent to collar steps and are provided with compressed air supply means, to generate a gas-static support layer. In the upper part of the installation housing end walls, on their vertical diameter, vertical slits are made, which pass through the horizontal cantilever projections of movable supports, with the possibility of bearing on them with sliding end portions of the horizontal tubular matrix during its rotation.EFFECT: provision of possibilities for manufacturing multilayered cylindrical shells of large cross-section of glass metal composite, with random number of alternating layers of glass and metal.3 cl, 8 dwg

Process line for moulding and drying ceramic bricks // 2617659
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: process line for moulding and drying ceramic bricks contains the sequentially mounted belt press, polychord automatic cutting machine, automatic brick stacker, and drying oven. Between the polychord automatic cutting machine and the automatic stacker, the alternating magnetic field generator is installed, the lines of which are perpendicular to the compression vector.EFFECT: reduction of bricks irregular grain and uneven density; under the action of alternating magnetic field, molecular interaction occurs in the raw brick, resulting in ordering the material, which in turn increases the strength properties of brick.3 dwg

Device for primary processing of claying material // 2617500
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: pretreatment of clay material carrier device comprises a frame in which the possibility of a parallel counter-rotating shafts fitted with many-sided disks on each shaft offset relative to each other to form peaks of the helical lines. Above the shaft with a gap relative set screw drives, the speed of which is less than the rotational speed of any of the shafts with discs. The apparatus also comprises a disk cleaning means including plurality of scrapers mounted on axles mounted in the supporting frame parallel to the respective shaft with the possibility of counter-rotation therewith, wherein the scrapers are spaced along each axis of the helix.EFFECT: increased efficiency operation of the device by increasing the intensity of grinding the clay material while ensuring its qualitative removal of foreign bodies without destroying the latter.6 cl, 4 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2616059
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer has a mixing chamber with material loading and unloading windows, respectively, rotor with a rotational actuator configured with blades, vibrator with a corrugated housing rigidly fixed in the middle of the mixing chamber, with vibration excitation by the crank mechanism, inside the vibrator housing, a disc with a guide stand is centered horizontally and rigidly fixed, its function is to provide stable aimed translational rod motion from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber bottom and the crank mechanism rod, and a cylindrical projection with a possibility of inserting and fixing of a spring in the inner diameter, the spring is mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cup, with a rod rigidly fixed to the upper inner part center and a pusher fixed to the upper outer part center; the other end of this pusher is rigidly fixed to the upper inner part of the corrugated housing and provided with the function of vibration excitation of the upper part of this vibrator housing, at that, the outer cylindrical cup portion has four symmetrically mounted protrusions with the function to transmit reciprocating motion to the disc, capable of uniform distribution of vibration field from the upper to the lower part of the housing by providing uniform amplitude displacement values of each point of the housing flutes outer generatrix at the time of full compression of spring into rubber gaskets with the function of mitigation of protrusions impact with discs, according to the invention, the vibrator housing is made in the form of the same corrugated metal shells, which are corrugated thin walled rotation bodies forming complex truncated geometric figures consisting of an aggregate of equal semicircles in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices; the extreme intersection points of the semicircles form the square vertices, and configured to generate a vibration field, conforming to the corrugated contour of these rotation bodies, with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of technical tools and provision of new properties achievement by the claimed subjects, implementation of the possibility to create a vibration field throughout the mixing chamber volume for the mixed concrete components, so that the field conforms to the corrugated contour of a three-dimensional rotation body, forming a complex truncated geometric figure consisting of an aggregate of equal semicircles in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices; the extreme intersection points of the semicircles form the square vertices, with simultaneous generation of multidirectional vibrations to completely exclude dead zones presence in the mixing chamber, provide homogeneous distribution of the vibration field amplitude in the chamber and quality intensification of component mixing process as a whole.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2616057
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer with a mixing chamber with material loading and unloading windows, a rotor with blades. In the lower and upper parts of the mixing chamber, the following is rigidly fixed in the middle: two upper and lower vibrators in corrugated housings with vibration excitation by the lower, middle and upper crank mechanisms, and a function to create the effect of blending vibration fields in the mixing chamber center from the bottom and top vibrator, respectively. At that, in the lower vibrator housing provided with a function of generation of two vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency using the upper and lower crank mechanisms, in the middle in the horizontal plane a disc is rigidly fixed with a cylindrical projection with a possibility of inserting and fixing of a spring in the inner diameter, the spring is mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cup, with the middle drive crank mechanism rigidly fixed to the upper inner part center and a pusher fixed to the upper outer part center; the other end of this pusher is rigidly fixed to the upper inner part of the lower vibrator housing and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the upper part of the lower vibrator housing through the crank by the middle crank mechanism. At that, the lower vibrator disc with the function to provide uniform distribution of vibration field throughout the mixing chamber volume from the upper to the lower part of the lower vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of displacement of each point of the outer generatrix of the corrugated housing, is arranged to excite oscillation of the central part of the lower vibrator housing by means of four pushers with upper parts symmetrically fixed to the disc bottom and lower parts connected to the movable pivot assembly the lower crank mechanism. A that, in the upper vibrator housing, a disc with a guide stand is centered horizontally and rigidly fixed, its function is to provide stable aimed rod translation from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber top, guide stand of the blade rotation drive and upper vibrator, upper crank mechanism rod, and a cylindrical projection with a possibility of inserting and fixing of a spring in the inner diameter, the spring is mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cup, with the rod rigidly fixed to the inner part center and a pusher fixed to the outer part center; the other end of this pusher is rigidly fixed to the inner part forming the smallest flute of the upper vibrator housing and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the smallest flute of the upper vibrator housing. At that, the outer cylindrical cup portion has four symmetrically mounted protrusions with the function to transmit reciprocating motion to the upper vibrator disc, capable of uniform distribution of vibration field from the smallest of the upper housing flutes to the places of upper vibrator housing attachment, by providing uniform amplitude displacement values of each point of the housing outer generatrix at the time of full compression of spring into rubber gaskets with the function of mitigation of protrusions impact with the upper vibrator disc. The vibrator housings are made in the form of corrugated metal shells, which are corrugated thin walled rotation bodies forming truncated regular pentagons in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices points, and configured to generate three vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency, two of them conform as a whole, and one separately to the corrugated contour of these rotation bodies, with multi-directional vibrations. At that, a spring is attached between the upper and the lower vibrator housings, at diameters of recesses formed by the smallest flutes of the corrugated metal shells of the upper and lower vibrator housings, its function is to provide an aggregate three-frequency vibration field, corresponding to the spiral shape of the spring, forming vibration fields overlapping effect dynamization and additional vibration effects on the mixed components from the upper and lower vibrator housings, respectively.EFFECT: intensification of mixing of these components as a whole.4 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2616056
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention ensures technical means and new technical features diversification of the claimed subject. That is the implementation of the possibility of creating of three different frequency vibration fields over the entire volume of the mixer chamber for blending components of the concrete mixture. Two of the fields correspond collectively and the third one correspond individually as for their form to the corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, forming in vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the complex truncated geometric figure consisting, in aggregate, of equal semicircles, which extreme points of intersection form the vertices of the regular pentagon, with simultaneous ability to create overlay effect of the given vibration fields in the center of the mixing chamber with simultaneous formation in three-frequency range of multidirectional vibrations completely excluding the presence in the chamber of the mixer "blind" areas, a uniform amplitude distribution of each vibration field in the mixing chamber with quality intensification of mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive. In the upper and lower parts of the center of the mixing chamber the upper and lower vibrators are rigidly fixed, made in corrugated bodies with vibration excitement by means of lower, middle and upper crank mechanisms with the function of creating the effect of vibration fields overlapping in the center of the mixing chamber from the lower and upper vibrators respectively. Thus, within the housing of the lower vibrator intended for excitation of two equal by its amplitude and different by frequency vibration fields by means of lower and middle crank mechanisms, wherein the disc with a cylindrical projection is rigidly fixed in the central part of horizontal plane, which is designed with possibility to insert and fix a spring in the internal diameter of a bucket having the function of free compression / release; where the rocker with a drive from the middle crank mechanism is rigidly mounted at the central upper inner part of the bucket, and the pusher is rigidly mounted with the other end to the upper inner part of the body of the lower vibrator configured to excite vibrations from the upper part of the housing of the lower vibrator by the rocker of the middle crank mechanism. Wherein the disk of the lower vibrator with the function to create homogeneous distribution of vibration field overlapping throughout the whole volume of the chamber from the top to the bottom of the lower vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of each point displacement of external generator of the corrugated housing of the lower vibrator with the possibility to excite vibrations is executed; it is adapted to excite oscillations in the central part of the housing of the lower vibrator with the help of four pushers symmetrically fixed with their upper parts to the bottom of the disk, and connected with their lower parts into a movable hinge rocker assembly of the lower crank mechanism. Besides that, the disk is rigidly fixed with a guide bar inside the housing of the upper vibrator in the center of the horizontal plane, where the function of the latter is to create sustainable directional translational movement of the rod of the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the upper part of the mixing chamber; the guide bar of the rotation drive of the blades and the stem of the upper vibrator of the top crank mechanism, and cylindrical projection arranged for insertion and fixing of a spring along the internal diameter in the bucket with the function of free compression /release; with a rod rigidly mounted at the central inner part of the bucket and a pusher rigidly fixed to its central external part with its other end rigidly fixed at the inner part forming the smallest corrugation of the upper vibrator housing with the function to excite oscillations from the smallest of the corrugations of the upper vibrator housing. Wherein four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical part of the bucket whose function is to transmit reciprocating motion to the disk of the upper vibrator intended to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration field from the smallest corrugation of the upper housing to the place of fixing of the upper vibrator housing by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the upper housing, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets is made for shock absorption of projections collision with the disk of the upper vibrator. Housings of vibrators are made in the form of corrugated metal coverings, which are corrugated thin-walled bodies of rotation forming complex truncated geometrical shapes in the vertical section at top points of the corrugation consisting of equal semicircles in the aggregate, which extreme points of intersection form vertices of a regular pentagon adapted to create three identical in amplitude and different in frequency vibration fields, two of which correspond in the aggregate to the third one taken separately and to the corrugated contour of the given bodies of rotation with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: invention relates to devices for concrete compound mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for multi-component mixtures production.3 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2616049
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer is created, having a mixing chamber with material loading and unloading windows, respectively, rotor with a rotational actuator configured with blades. In the lower and upper parts of the mixing chamber, the following is rigidly fixed in the middle: two upper and lower vibrators in the corrugated housings with vibration excitation by the lower and upper crank mechanisms, respectively, and a function to create the effect of blending vibration fields in the mixing chamber center from the bottom and top vibrator, respectively. Inside each of the vibrators housings, discs with guide stands are centered horizontally and rigidly fixed, their function is to provide stable aimed translational rods motion from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber bottom and the lower vibrator, lower crank mechanism rod, and from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber top, the guide stand of the blade rotation drive and the upper vibrator, upper crank mechanism rod, respectively. At that, the upper and lower vibrators discs are provided with cylindrical projections, the function of which is the possibility of inserting and fixing of springs in the inner diameter, the springs are mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cups with rods rigidly fixed to their inner parts centers and pushers fixed to their outer parts center; the other ends of these pushers are rigidly fixed to the inner parts, forming the smallest of housing flutes, and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the smallest of vibrator housing flutes. At that, the outer cylindrical cup portions have four symmetrically mounted protrusions with the function to transmit reciprocating motion to discs, capable of uniform distribution of vibration fields from the smallest of the housing flutes to the places of housing attachment, by providing uniform amplitude displacement values of each point of the housings flutes outer generatrices at the time of full compression of springs into rubber gaskets with the function of mitigation of protrusions impact with discs. Moreover, vibrator housings are made in the form of the same corrugated metal shells, which are corrugated thin walled rotation bodies forming truncated regular hexagons in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices points, and configured to generate two vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency, each one conforming to the corrugated contour of these rotation bodies, with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of hardware and software, provision of new features of the claimed subjects.3 dwg

Process line for manufacturing ceramic items based on stone-like raw material // 2616041
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: process line for manufacturing ceramic items based on stone-like raw material includes the raw materials crushing post, the drying post, the shredding post, the post of separation into fractions in the form of a screen with sieves, the fine fraction regrinding post, the fine fraction adjustment post, the press powder preparation post. Wherein the three-shaft primary crusher of coarse crushing and the disintegrator rolls are used at the crushing post. The drying post is represented by a closed conveyor with infrared heaters. The fine fraction regrinding post is represented by a pendulum mill. The fine fraction composition adjustment post is represented by a three-shaft mixer. The press powder preparation post with humidification and granulation is represented by a mixer-granulator. The line additionally comprises the pressing post and the firing post.EFFECT: increasing the strength characteristics of ceramic items, the possibility of manufacturing clinker brick, increasing the line productivity.1 dwg, 1 tbl
Tray for vibrocompression // 2616027
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: tray for vibrocompression includes the flat wooden base made of wood bonded with screeds and two metal protective elements of the C-shaped profile, installed at its butts. Wherein the working tray surface is made two-layered, the first layer being a layer of flattened wood, impregnated with a compound, and the second being a wear-resistant working layer on the glass base, impregnated with a compound - a protective primer material - polyester resin with a hardener.EFFECT: expanding the technological tray capabilities, increasing the wear-resistance and resistance to vibration.4 cl, 5 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2616026
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with the ports for loading and unloading of materials respectively, a rotor with blades and rotary drive. The lower and upper parts of mixing chambers comprise two mounted vibrators: lower and upper one made in corrugated casings and generating vibrations by lower, central and upper crank mechanisms, and providing for the vibration field superimposition effect in the mixing chamber center from the lower and the upper vibrators respectively. Inside the metal corrugated shell of the lower vibrator able of generating two vibration fields identical in amplitude and different in frequency with the help of the lower and the central crank mechanisms, a disk is set in the center in the horizontal plane and is rigidly fixed, the disk is fitted by a cylindrical protrusion able of being inserted and fastened along the inner diameter of a spring installed so that it can be freely compressed and released in a cup, a connecting rod driven by the central crank mechanism is rigidly attached to the center of the cup's upper inner part, and a pusher is attached to the center of the cup's upper outer part, the pusher is rigidly coupled by its other end with the inner upper part of the metal corrugated shell of the lower vibrator casing and is provided with the possibility of generating vibrations from the upper part of the lower vibrator casing via the connecting rod by the central crank mechanism. Wherein the drive of the lower vibrator, whose function is to provide a uniform distribution throughout the volume of the vibration field mixing chamber from the top to the bottom of the lower vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of the displacement of each point on the external generator housing, is adapted to excite oscillations of the central portion of the bottom of the vibrator housing via four pushers symmetrically upper part fixed to the bottom disk and the lower part connected in a movable hinge assembly of the lower rod of the crank mechanism. At the same time inside the housing of the upper vibrator in the center in the horizontal plane is rigidly fixed drive with the guide bar, the function of which is to create a sustainable directional translational movement of the rod of the translational pair formed by the guide resistant upper part of the mixing chamber, the guide rack drive rotation of the blades and the stem of the upper vibrator top a crank mechanism, and a cylindrical protrusion, adapted to insert and fix the inner diameter of the spring mounted to the free compression function/uncompressing a body, towards the center of the inner part of which is rigidly fixed shaft, and the center of the outer portion - pusher rigidly mounted another the inner end portion of the generatrix of the smallest corrugation of the upper vibrator housing. Wherein at outer cylindrical barrel portion the four projections are symmetrically secured, whose function is to transmit reciprocating motion to drive the upper vibrator adapted to the homogeneous distribution of the vibration field of the lower of the corrugation of the upper housing to the place of fastening the housing upper vibrator by creating homogeneous amplitude values of the displacement of each forming the upper point of the outer housing when the compression spring in the stop rubber gaskets made mitigate collision with the function of the projections with the upper plate of the vibrator. The vibrators' casings are made as metal corrugated shells being corrugated thin-walled bodies of rotation which in the vertical plane section provide for truncated rhombic by corrugation peaks points, the shells are able of generating three vibration fields identical in amplitude and different in frequency, two of them in aggregate and the third one separately correspond by shape to the corrugated contour of the said bodies of rotation, with differently directed oscillations. Thus, between the hulls of the lower and upper vibrator centrally located spring exciter configured in the form of a spring band consisting of at least two different diameters of the springs, which are fixed by the diameters depressions formed on the outer surface of the corrugated metal shells group smallest of ribbed upper and lower vibrators, and the function of which is to provide a plurality of groups of the total three-frequency vibration fields, each of which corresponds to the spiral-helical shaped central spring of spring exciter to form a dormant data aliasing vibration fields, and additional vibratory impacts blending components from the upper and lower housings vibrators respectively.EFFECT: intensification of component mixing process on the whole.4 dwg
ethod for producing hollow landscape decorative items // 2616020
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing hollow decorative landscaping products in stages by means of forming a multilayer template by making a cast frame and the carcass of the simulated natural object. The mould is produced by applying at least 6 layers of silicone with a hardener onto the simulated object in the ratio of 1 kg per 30 g; each layer must be dried for at least 12 hours at the temperature of 18-25°C until the next layer is applied. After all layers are fully dry, the mould is carefully taken off the natural object. The carcass is made in accordance with the silicone mould from fiberglass by means of sequential application of several layers onto the simulated natural object, the first of which is a mixture of polyester resin and hardener in the ratio of 1 litre to 20 g. Then the second layer of the glass mat emulsion is immediately applied followed by a mixture of polyester resin and a hardener, taken in the same ratio as the first layer (1 litre to 20 g). The resulting carcass is dried at 18-25C° for at least 12 hours. After drying, the carcass is carefully removed from the simulated natural object, and the dried silicone mould is placed inside. The first layer of the composition of polyester resin, pigment, thickener and hardener is then applied to the inner surface; the ratio of components in the mixture depends on the size of the made hollow landscaping product . After that this layer is immediately coated on top with marble granite chips, with the minimum fraction of 0.63-0.2 mm. The resulting multilayer matrix is then placed in the drying chamber for drying, and dried at a temperature of 25-35°C for at least two hours. After the drying is complete, the second layer of the same composition is applied in the amount determined by dimensions of the manufactured product. The glass mat emulsion of at least 12 m in size is then added to the second layer, which is then impregnated by the third layer of the polyether resin mixed with the hardener in the ratio of 1 litre per 20 g. The article is then placed in the oven again to be dried at the temperature of 25-35°C for at least 1 hour. Then the final finishing layer of polyester resin is applied mixed with the hardener in the ratio of 1 litre per 20 g, to which the pigment is added in an amount determined by the dimensions of the manufactured article to obtain the consistency of paint. Then the product is placed in an oven to dry at a temperature of 25-35°C for 30 minutes. Full inspection of each layer of 0.01-0.02 mm thickness is then performed. The carcass is then carefully removed, and the silicone impression of the finished landscape product is taken out; all the excess, if any, is cleaned off, and the impregnation substance is applied onto the outer surface in accordance with the simulated natural object.EFFECT: improved quality, better similarity and a better decorative effect of landscape products, production standardization and cost reduction.8 cl, 14 dwg, 3 ex

Vibration mixer // 2615659
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer is created, having a mixing chamber with material loading and unloading windows, respectively, rotor with a rotational actuator configured with blades, a vibrator configured with a corrugated housing and rigidly mounted in the middle of the mixing chamber, the vibrator is configured to generate two vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency using the upper and lower crank mechanisms, in the vibrator housing, in the middle in the horizontal plane a disc is rigidly fixed with a cylindrical projection with a possibility of inserting and fixing of a spring in the inner diameter, the spring is mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cup, with the upper drive crank mechanism rigidly fixed to the upper inner part center and a pusher fixed to the upper outer part center; the other end of this pusher is rigidly fixed to the upper inner part of the corrugated housing and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the upper part of the vibrator housing through the crank of the upper crank mechanism. At that, the disc with the function to provide uniform distribution of vibration field throughout the mixing chamber volume from the upper to the lower part of the housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of displacement of each point of the outer housing flute generatrix, is arranged to excite oscillation from the central part of the vibrator housing by means of four pushers with upper parts symmetrically fixed to the disc bottom and lower parts connected to the movable pivot assembly the lower crank mechanism. Moreover, the vibrator housing is made in the form of a corrugated metal shell, which is a corrugated thin walled rotation body forming a complex truncated geometric figure consisting of an aggregate of equal semicircles in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices; the extreme intersection points of the semicircles form the square vertices, and configured to generate double-frequency vibration fields, conforming as a whole to the corrugated contour of this rotation body, with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of technical tools and provision of new properties achievement by the claimed subjects, implementation of the possibility to create two vibration fields with different frequencies throughout the mixing chamber volume for the mixed concrete components, so that the fields conform as a whole to the corrugated contour of a three-dimensional rotation body, forming a complex truncated geometric figure consisting of an aggregate of equal semicircles in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices; the extreme intersection points of the semicircles form the square vertices, with simultaneous generation of multidirectional vibrations in a two-frequency range to completely exclude dead zones presence in the mixing chamber, provide homogeneous distribution of the vibration exposure amplitude in the chamber and quality intensification of component mixing process as a whole.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615658
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures. That is the creation of three different frequency vibration fields over the entire volume of the mixer chamber for blending components of the concrete mixture is ensured. Two of them correspond collectively and the third one correspond individually as for their form to corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, forming in vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the complex truncated geometric figure consisting, in aggregate, of equal semicircles, which extreme points of intersection form the vertices of the square, with simultaneous ability to create overlay effect of the given vibration fields in the center of the mixing chamber providing the possibility of creating a plurality of cumulative three-frequency fields, each of which corresponds to spiral and screw shape with creation of dynamic effect of the given vibration fields overlapping with simultaneous formation of multidirectional vibrations in three-frequency range that completely excludes the presence in the chamber of the mixer "blind" areas, additional vibration effects on blending components and ensures uniform amplitude distribution of each vibration field in the mixing chamber with quality intensification of mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive. In the upper and lower parts of the center of the mixing chamber the upper and lower vibrators are rigidly fixed, made in corrugated bodies with vibration excitement by means of lower, middle and upper crank mechanisms with the function of creating the effect of vibration fields overlapping in the center of the mixing chamber from the lower and upper vibrators respectively. Thus, inside the housing of the lower vibrator intended for excitation of two equal by its amplitude and different by frequency vibration fields by means of the lower and middle crank mechanisms, wherein the disc with a cylindrical projection is rigidly fixed in the horizontal plane of the central part, which is designed with possibility to insert and fix a spring in the internal diameter of a bucket having the function of free compression / release; where the rocker with a drive from the middle crank mechanism is rigidly mounted at the central upper inner part of the bucket, and the pusher rigidly fixed at the upper external part of the bucket with the other end mounted to the inner upper part of the body of the lower vibrator configured to excite vibrations from the upper part of the housing of the lower vibrator by the rocker of the middle crank mechanism. Wherein the disk of the lower vibrator with the function to create homogeneous distribution of vibration field overlapping throughout the whole volume of the chamber from the top to the bottom of the lower vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of each point displacement of external generatrix of the housing is executed; it is adapted to excite oscillations in the central part of the housing of the lower vibrator with the help of four pushers symmetrically fixed with their upper parts to the bottom of the disk, and connected with their lower parts into a movable hinge rocker assembly of the lower crank mechanism. Besides that, the disk is rigidly fixed with a guide bar inside the housing of the upper vibrator in the center of the horizontal plane, where the function of the latter is to create sustainable directional translational movement of the rod of the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the upper part of the mixing chamber, the guide bar of the rotation drive of the blades and the stem of the upper vibrator of the top crank mechanism, and cylindrical projection arranged for insertion and fixing of a spring along the internal diameter in the bucket with the function of free compression / release; with the rod rigidly mounted at the central inner part of the bucket and a pusher rigidly fixed to its central external part with its other end rigidly fixed at the inner part forming the smallest corrugation of the upper vibrator housing with the function to excite oscillations from the smallest of the corrugations of the upper vibrator housing. Wherein four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical part of the bucket whose function is to transmit reciprocating motion to the disk of the upper vibrator intended to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration field from the upper housing of the smallest corrugation to the place of fixing of the upper vibrator housing by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the upper housing, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets is made for shock absorption of projections collision with the disk of the upper vibrator. Housings of vibrators are made in the form of corrugated metal coverings, which are corrugated thin-walled bodies of rotation forming complex truncated geometrical shapes in the vertical sections at top points of the corrugation consisting of equal semicircles in the aggregate, which extreme points of intersection form vertices of a square and adapted to create three identical in amplitude and different in frequency vibration fields, two of which correspond in the aggregate to the third one taken separately and to the corrugated contour of the given bodies of rotation with multi-directional vibrations. The spring exciter is located between the housings of the lower and upper vibrators in the center which is made in the form of spring group consisting of, at least, two springs of different diameters fixed in hollows according to their diameters formed on the outer surface of corrugated metal coverings by the group of the smallest corrugates of the upper and lower vibrators, the function of which is the creation of a set of groups of aggregated three-frequency vibration fields, each of which corresponds to the spiral and screw shape of the central springs of the spiral exciter to form dynamic effect of overlapping of the given vibration fields, and additional vibration effects on the components being mixed from the upper and lower housings of the vibrators respectively.EFFECT: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features achievement by the claimed objects.4 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615657
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer has a mixing chamber with material loading and unloading windows, respectively, rotor with a rotational actuator configured with blades. In the lower and upper parts of the mixing chamber, the following is rigidly fixed in the middle: two upper and lower vibrators in corrugated housings with vibration excitation by the lower, middle and upper crank mechanisms, and a function to create the effect of blending vibration fields in the mixing chamber center from the bottom and top vibrator, respectively. At that, in the lower vibrator housing provided with a function of generation of two vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency using the upper and lower crank mechanisms, in the middle in the horizontal plane a disc is rigidly fixed with a cylindrical projection with a possibility of inserting and fixing of a spring in the inner diameter, the spring is mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cup, with the middle drive crank mechanism rigidly fixed to the upper inner part center and a pusher fixed to the upper outer part center; the other end of this pusher is rigidly fixed to the upper inner part of the lower vibrator housing and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the upper part of the lower vibrator housing through the crank by the middle crank mechanism. At that, the lower vibrator disc with the function to provide uniform distribution of vibration field throughout the mixing chamber volume from the upper to the lower part of the lower vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of displacement of each point of the outer generatrix of the lower vibrator corrugated housing, is arranged to excite oscillation of the central part of the lower vibrator housing by means of four pushers with upper parts symmetrically fixed to the disc bottom and lower parts connected to the movable pivot assembly the lower crank mechanism. A that, in the upper vibrator housing, a disc with a guide stand is centered horizontally and rigidly fixed, its function is to provide stable aimed rod translation from the prismatic pair formed by the guide stand of the mixing chamber top, guide stand of the blade rotation drive and upper vibrator, upper crank mechanism rod, and a cylindrical projection with a possibility of inserting and fixing of a spring in the inner diameter, the spring is mounted with a function of free compressing/decompressing in cup, with the rod rigidly fixed to the inner part center and a pusher fixed to the outer part center; the other end of this pusher is rigidly fixed to the inner part forming the smallest flute of the upper vibrator housing and provided with the function of vibration excitation from the smallest flute of the upper vibrator housing. The outer cylindrical cup portion has four symmetrically mounted protrusions with the function to transmit reciprocating motion to the upper vibrator disc, capable of uniform distribution of vibration field from the smallest of the upper housing flutes to the places of upper vibrator housing attachment, by providing uniform amplitude displacement values of each point of the upper housing outer generatrix at the time of full compression of spring into rubber gaskets with the function of mitigation of protrusions impact with the upper vibrator disc. Moreover, vibrator housings are made in the form of corrugated metal shells, which are corrugated thin walled rotation bodies forming truncated regular hexagons in the vertical plane section by the flute vertices points, and configured to generate three vibration fields with identical amplitude and different frequency, two of them conform as a whole, and one separately to the corrugated contour of these rotation bodies, with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of hardware and software, provision of new features of the claimed subjects.3 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615656
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures. That is, the creation of the vibration field is ensured over the entire volume of the mixer chamber for blending the components of the concrete mixture. The field corresponds by its form to corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, forming in vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the truncated regular hexagon with simultaneous formation of multidirectional vibrations that completely exclude the presence in the chamber of the mixer "blind" areas, zones of homogeneous amplitude distribution of vibration field and ensures quality intensification of mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive, vibrator with corrugated housing and the disk with the guide bar rigidly fixed in the middle of mixing chamber with oscillations exciting drive from the crank mechanism inside the vibrator housing in the center of the horizontal plane. The function of the guide bar is the creation of sustainable directional translational movement of the rod from the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the mixing chamber bottom, the rod of the crank mechanism and a cylindrical projection which is designed with possibility to insert and fix a spring in the internal diameter of the bucket having the function of free compression / release; and the rod is rigidly fixed at the upper internal part of the bucket and the pusher is rigidly mounted with its other end to the upper inner part of the corrugated body configured to excite vibrations of the upper part of the given vibrator housing. Wherein four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical part of the bucket, whose function is to transmit reciprocating motion to disk designed to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration field from the upper to lower parts of the housing by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the corrugated body, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets made for shock absorption of projections collision with the disk. The housing of the vibrator is made in the form of corrugated metal covering, which is corrugated thin-walled body of rotation forming in the vertical section at top points of the corrugation truncated regular hexagon with the possibility of creation of the vibrating field that correspond as for its shape to the corrugated contour of the body of rotation with multi-directional oscillations.EFFECT: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features achievement by the claimed objects.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615655
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features achievement by the claimed objects. That is, the creation of two different frequency vibration fields over the entire volume of the mixer chamber for blending components of the concrete mixture is ensured. Each of the vibration fields correspond as for their form to corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, forming in vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the truncated regular pentagon with the possibility to create overlay effect of the given vibration fields in the center of the mixing chamber providing the possibility of creating a plurality of cumulative two-frequency fields, each of which corresponds to spiral and screw shape with creation of dynamic effect of the given vibration fields overlapping with simultaneous formation in the two-frequency field of multidirectional vibrations that completely exclude the presence in the chamber of the mixer "blind" zones, additional vibration effects on blending components and ensure uniform amplitude distribution of each vibration field in the mixing chamber with quality intensification of the mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive. In the upper and lower parts of the center of the mixing chamber the upper and lower vibrators are rigidly fixed, made in corrugated bodies with vibration excitement by means of lower and upper crank mechanisms respectively. The disks are rigidly fixed with guide bars inside both housings in the center of the horizontal plane, which function is to create sustainable directional translational movements of the rods of the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the lower part of the mixing chamber and the rod of the lower vibrator, lower crank mechanism and from the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the upper part of the mixing chamber, guide bar of the rotation drive of the blades and the rod of the upper vibrator, upper crank mechanism respectively. Besides, the disks of the lower and upper vibrators are performed with cylindrical projections arranged for insertion and fixing of springs along the internal diameter of the buckets with the function of free compression / release; with rods rigidly mounted at the central inner parts of the buckets and the pushers rigidly fixed to their central external parts with their other ends rigidly fixed at the inner parts forming the smallest of the corrugations of the housings with the function to excite oscillations from the smallest corrugations of the vibrators housings. Wherein four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical parts of the buckets whose function is to transmit reciprocating motion to the disks intended to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration fields from the smallest corrugations of the housings to the place of fixing of the given housings by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the corrugated housings, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets made for shock absorption of collision force of projections and disks. Housings of vibrators are made in the form of uniform corrugated metal coverings, which are corrugated thin-walled bodies of rotation forming truncated regular pentagons in the vertical sections at top points of the corrugation adapted to create two identical in amplitude and different in frequency vibration fields, each of which correspond to the corrugated contour of the given bodies of rotation with multi-directional vibrations. The spring exciter is located between the housings of the lower and upper vibrators in the center which is made in the form of spring group consisting of, at least, two springs of different diameters fixed in hollows according to their diameters formed on the outer surface of corrugated metal coverings by the smallest of the corrugates of the upper and lower vibrators, the function of which is the creation of a set of groups of aggregated two-frequency vibration fields, each of which corresponds to the spiral and screw shape of the central springs of the spiral exciter to form dynamic effect of overlapping of the given vibration fields, and additional vibration effects on the components being mixed from the upper and lower housings of the vibrators respectively.EFFECT: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures.4 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615654
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features gaining by the claimed objects. That is, the possibility to affect over the entire volume of the mixer chamber on the components of the concrete mixture with vibrations of two different by their frequency vibration fields that correspond by their shape to the corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, in aggregation, forming in the vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the truncated regular pentagon with the simultaneous formation in the two-frequency range of multidirectional vibrations that completely exclude the presence in the chamber of the mixer of "blind" zones and ensures uniform amplitude distribution of vibration effects in the mixing chamber and obtaining quality intensification of the mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades, the rotary drive and the vibrator rigidly fixed inside the mixing chamber performed with corrugated metal housing; the vibrator is executed with the function of two vibration fields excitement that are equal by their amplitudes but different by the frequency of their fields obtained by means of lower and upper crank mechanisms. Inside the vibrator housing the disc with the cylindrical projection is rigidly fixed in the horizontal plane of the central part, which is designed to insert and fix a spring in the internal diameter of the bucket having the function of compression / uncompressing; where the rocker with a drive from the upper crank mechanism is rigidly mounted at the central upper inner part of the bucket, and the pusher is rigidly mounted to the upper external part of the bucket, which other end is rigidly mounted to the inner upper part of the corrugated body for vibrations excitement from the upper part of vibrator housing by means of upper crank mechanism. Wherein the disk with the function to create homogeneous distribution of vibration field overlapping throughout the whole volume of the chamber from the top to the bottom of the vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of each point displacement of the external generatrix of the housing; it is adapted to excite oscillations from the central part of the vibrator housing with the help of four pushers symmetrically fixed by their upper parts to the lower part of the disk, and connected with their lower parts into a movable hinge rocker assembly of the lower crank mechanism. The housing of the vibrator is performed as a corrugated metal covering that is a corrugated thin-walled body of rotation forming in the vertical section at top points of the goffer the truncated equal pentagon and adapted to create two-frequency vibration fields, which correspond, in the aggregate, by their shape to the corrugated contour of the given body of rotation with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615653
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration mixer comprises the mixing chamber with windows for loading and unloading materials respectively, the rotor with the rotation actuator, configured with blades, the vibrator configured with corrugated housing and rigidly mounted in the middle of the mixing chamber. The vibrator is configured with the function of excitating two vibration fields equal by amplitude and different by frequency by means of the upper and lower crank mechanisms. Inside the vibrator housing, at the center in the horizontal plane, the disc is rigidly fixed, with the cylindrical projection made with the possibility of inserting and fixing along the internal diameter of the spring mounted with the function of free compression / uncompression in the cup, towards the upper inner part center of which the connecting rod driven by the upper crank mechanism is rigidly fixed, and towards the upper outer part center - the pusher rigidly fixed with its other end to the inner upper corrugated housing part and made with the function of excitating the oscillations from the upper vibrator housing part through the connecting rod by means of the upper crank mechanism. The disc is made with the possibility of excitating the oscillations from the central vibrator housing part by means of four pushers fixed symmetrically by their upper part to the bottom disc part, and connected by their lower part into a movable hinge assembly of the lower crank mechanism connecting rod. The vibrator housing is made as a metal corrugated shell representing a corrugated thin-wall body of rotation forming a truncated regular hexagon in the vertical plane cross-section through the points of the corrugations vertices, and made with the possibility of creating two-frequency vibration fields corresponding collectively in the shape to the corrugated contour of said body of rotation, with multidirectional vibrations.EFFECT: possibility of creating two different frequency vibration fields for concrete mixture components to be mixed in the entire volume of the mixing chamber, which correspond collectively with the shape of the corrugated contour of the three-dimensional body of rotation forming a truncated regular hexagon in the vertical plane cross-section through the corrugations vertices points, with the simultaneous formation of multidirectional vibrations in a two-frequency range, completely excluding the presence of deaf zones in the mixing chamber, homogeneous amplitude vibration exposure distribution in the mixing chamber and qualitative intensification of the process of mixing these components as a whole.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615652
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features gaining by the claimed objects. That is, the possibility to affect over the entire volume of the mixer chamber on blended components of the concrete mixture with vibrations of two different by their frequency vibration fields is created. They correspond by their shape to the corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, in aggregation, forming in the vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the complex truncated geometric figure consisting, in aggregate, of equal semicircles, which extreme points of intersection form the vertices of the equal pentagon, with simultaneous ability to create in the two-frequency range multidirectional vibrations that completely exclude the presence in the chamber of the mixer of "blind" zones and ensures uniform amplitude distribution of vibration effects in the mixing chamber and obtaining quality intensification of the mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive rigidly fixed inside the mixing chamber performed with corrugated metal housing; the vibrator is executed with the function of two vibration fields excitement that are equal by their amplitudes but different by the frequency of their fields obtained by means of lower and upper crank mechanisms. Inside the housing the disc with the cylindrical projection is rigidly fixed in the horizontal plane of the central part, which is designed to insert and fix a spring in the internal diameter of the bucket having the function of compression / uncompressing; where the rocker with a drive from the upper crank mechanism is rigidly mounted at the central upper inner part of the bucket, and the pusher is rigidly mounted to the upper external part of the bucket, which other end is rigidly mounted to the inner upper part of the corrugated body for vibrations excitement from the upper part of vibrator housing by means of upper crank mechanism. Wherein the disk with the function to create homogeneous distribution of vibration field overlapping throughout the whole volume of the chamber from the top to the bottom of the vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of each point displacement of the external generatrix of the housing; it is adapted to excite oscillations from the central part of the vibrator housing with the help of four pushers symmetrically fixed by their upper parts to the lower part of the disk, and connected with their lower parts into a movable hinge rocker assembly of the lower crank mechanism. The housing of the vibrator is performed as a corrugated metal covering that is a corrugated thin-walled body of rotation forming the complex truncated geometrical shape in the vertical section at top points of the goffer consisting of equal semicircles in the aggregate, which extreme points of intersection form vertices of the equal pentagon and adapted to create two-frequency vibration fields, which correspond in the aggregate by their shape to the corrugated contour of the given body of rotation with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615651
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features gaining by the claimed objects. That is, the possibility to affect over the entire volume of the mixer chamber on the components of the concrete mixture with vibrations is created, which correspond by their shape to corrugated contour of three-dimensional rotation body, in aggregation, forming in the vertical plane section at top points of the goffer the complex truncated geometric figure consisting, in aggregate, of equal semicircles, which extreme points of intersection form the vertices of the equal pentagon, with the simultaneous creation of multidirectional vibrations that completely exclude the presence in the chamber of the mixer of "blind" zones and ensure uniform amplitude distribution of vibration effects in the mixing chamber and obtaining quality intensification of the mixing process of these components as a whole. The technical result is achieved in that the vibration mixer comprises a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and the rotary drive from the crank mechanism for vibrations excitement are rigidly fixed inside the mixing chamber performed with corrugated metal housing. Inside the housing of the vibrator the disc with the guide bar is rigidly fixed in the horizontal plane of the central part of the housing, which the latter is designed to create sustainable translational movement of the rod of the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the mixing chamber bottom and the rod of the crank mechanism; the cylindrical projection is arranged for insertion and fixing of a spring along the internal diameter in the bucket with the function of compression / uncompressing; with a rod rigidly mounted at the central inner part of the bucket and the pusher rigidly fixed to its central external part, which other end is rigidly mounted to the inner upper part of the corrugated body for vibrations excitement from the upper part of the vibrator. Four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical part of the bucket which function is to transmit reciprocating motion to the disk intended to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration field from the upper to the lower parts of the housing by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the corrugated housing, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets is made for shock absorption of projections collision with the disk. According to the invention the housing of the vibrator is made in the form of corrugated metal covering, which is corrugated thin-walled body of rotation forming complex truncated geometrical shape in the vertical section at top points of the corrugation consisting of equal semicircles in the aggregate, which extreme points of intersection form vertices of a regular pentagon adapted to create vibration field, which corresponds by its shape to the corrugated contour of the given body of rotation with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures.2 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615650
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features achievement by the claimed objects. The vibration mixer consists of a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive. In the upper and lower parts of the center of the mixing chamber the upper and lower vibrators are rigidly fixed, made in corrugated bodies with vibration excitement by means of lower, middle and upper crank mechanisms with the function of creating the effect of vibration fields overlapping in the center of the mixing chamber from the lower and upper vibrators respectively. Thus, inside the housing of the lower vibrator intended for excitation of two equal by its amplitude and different by frequency vibration fields by means of the lower and middle crank mechanisms, wherein the disc with a cylindrical projection is rigidly fixed in the horizontal plane of the central part, which is designed with possibility to insert and fix a spring in the internal diameter of a bucket having the function of free compression / release; where the rocker with a drive from the middle crank mechanism is rigidly mounted at the central upper inner part of the bucket, and the pusher is rigidly mounted with the other end to the upper inner part of the body of the lower vibrator configured to excite vibrations from the upper part of the housing of the lower vibrator by the rocker of the middle crank mechanism. Wherein the disk of the lower vibrator with the function to create homogeneous distribution of vibration field overlapping throughout the whole volume of the chamber from the top to the bottom of the lower vibrator housing by creating homogeneous amplitude values of each point displacement of external generatrix of the corrugated housing of the lower vibrator is executed to excite oscillations in the central part of the housing of the lower vibrator with the help of four pushers symmetrically fixed with their upper parts to the bottom of the disk, and connected with their lower parts into a movable hinge rocker assembly of the lower crank mechanism. Besides that, the disk is rigidly fixed with a guide bar inside the housing of the upper vibrator in the center of the horizontal plane, where the function of the latter is to create sustainable directional translational movement of the rod of the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the upper part of the mixing chamber, the guide bar of the rotation drive of the blades and the rod of the upper vibrator of the top crank mechanism, and cylindrical projection arranged for insertion and fixing of a spring along the internal diameter in the bucket with the function of free compression / release; with the rod rigidly mounted at the central inner part of the bucket and a pusher rigidly fixed to its central external part with its other end rigidly fixed at the inner part forming the smallest corrugation of the upper vibrator housing with the function to excite oscillations from the smallest of the corrugations of the upper vibrator housing. Wherein four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical part of the bucket which function is to transmit reciprocating motion to the disk of the upper vibrator intended to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration field from the smallest corrugation of the upper housing to the place of fixing of the upper vibrator housing by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the upper housing, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets is made for shock absorption of projections collision with the disk of the upper vibrator. Housings of the vibrators are made in the form of corrugated metal coverings, which are corrugated thin-walled bodies of rotation forming complex truncated geometrical shapes in the vertical section at top points of the corrugation consisting of equal semicircles in the aggregate, which extreme points of intersection form vertices of a square and adapted to create three identical in amplitude and different in frequency vibration fields, two of which correspond in the aggregate to the third one taken separately and to the corrugated contour of the given bodies of rotation with multi-directional vibrations.EFFECT: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures.3 dwg

Vibration mixer // 2615649
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention allows expanding the store of technical means and new features gaining by the claimed objects, which is achieved by that the vibration mixer consists of a mixing chamber with windows for materials loading and unloading respectively, the rotor with blades and rotary drive. In the upper and lower parts of the center of the mixing chamber the upper and lower vibrators are rigidly fixed, made in corrugated bodies with vibration excitement by means of lower and upper crank mechanisms, respectively, with the function of creating the effect of vibration fields overlapping in the center of the mixing chamber from the lower and upper vibrators respectively. Inside each housing the disks with guide bars are rigidly fixed in the center of horizontal plane which function is to create sustainable directional translational movement of the rods of the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the lower part of the mixing chamber and the rod of the lower vibrator, the crank mechanism, and from the translational pair formed by the guide bar of the upper part of the mixing chamber, the guide bar of the rotor drive, rotor blades and the rod of the upper vibrator, the upper crank mechanism respectfully. Wherein the disks of the lower and upper vibrators are performed with cylindrical projection arranged for insertion and fixing of a spring along the internal diameter in the bucket with the function of free compression / release; with the rod rigidly mounted at the central inner part of the bucket and a pusher rigidly fixed to its central external part with its other end rigidly fixed at the inner part forming the smallest of the corrugations with the function to excite oscillations from the smallest of the corrugations of the vibrators housings. Wherein four projections are symmetrically secured at the outer cylindrical parts of the buckets which function is to transmit reciprocating motion to the disks, to execute homogeneous distribution of the vibration fields from the smallest corrugations of the housings to the places of fixing of housings by means of creation of homogeneous amplitude displacement values of each point of outer generatrix of the corrugated housings, while spring compression to the stop into rubber gaskets made for shock absorption of projections collision with the disks. Housings of the vibrators are made in the form of uniform corrugated metal coverings, which are corrugated thin-walled bodies of rotation forming truncated equal hexagon in the vertical section at top points of the corrugation adapted to create two identical in amplitude and different in frequency vibration fields, each of which corresponds by its shape to the corrugated contour of the given bodies of rotation with multi-directional vibrations. Besides, the spring is located (in the center, between the housings of the lower and upper vibrators) in the hollows formed by the smallest of the corrugations of corrugated metal coverings in accordance with the hollows diameter which function is to create aggregated two-frequency vibration field, which corresponds to the spiral and screw shape of the spring with formation of dynamic effect of overlapping of the given vibration fields, and additional vibration effects on the components being mixed from the upper and lower housings of the vibrators respectively.EFFECT: invention relates to the devices for concrete compounds mixing and can be used in the building materials industry, construction and other fields of construction industry for the production of multi-component mixtures.4 dwg
Release agent for metal moulds // 2615504
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: release agent comprises following by wt %: oleic acid - 3.25-3.50, 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol - 0.5-1.0, high-molecular polyisobutylene solution with molecular weight of 18-20⋅104 in a mineral oil with concentration of 3.4-3.6 wt %. - 0.3-0.4, solvent extract of oil distillates with a kinematic viscosity of 10-15 mm2/S at 100°C, a flash point of 210-232°C and a refractive index nd20 1,530-1,5440 - 25.0-30.0, condensation product of oleic acid with diethanolamine and boric acid, modified by 3.0-3.25 sodium, industrial oil with a kinematic viscosity of not less than12-50 mm2/c at 50°C - the rest, up to 100.EFFECT: increased adhesion and protective properties of the release agent to obtain class A1 concrete surface of manufactured products.2 tbl, 1 ex
 
2550883.
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