Cleaning (B08)

B08            Cleaning(5305)
ethod for laser separation of rubber and polymer coatings // 2607736
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removal of rubber and polymer coatings, glued to surface of various structures. Described method is based on local infrared laser thermal action directly on zone of adhesive layer. Laser beam at rate providing required heating is used to scan adhesive layer in zone of contact of coating and surface of structure. When temperature values reach 60÷150 °C strength of adhesive layer falls by almost an order, that makes it possible to remove a coating layer from surface of structure using an applied tension force.EFFECT: reduced labor input, power consumption, high efficiency of removal of rubber coatings, providing a method which is safe for personnel by avoiding burning of rubber coating.3 cl, 1 dwg
Container washing system and method // 2606984
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to containers washing system and method. Container irrigation system has nozzle, located near container opening and adapted for direction of supplied air in any orientation relative to container. Vacuum element is located around air nozzle and adapted for exhaustion of foreign particles from container. System comprises air source and manifold, having manifold inlet, ionization assembly and manifold multiple outlets together with multiple air nozzles. Each nozzle has nozzle inlet, nozzle outlet and nozzle channel, passing between nozzle inlet and nozzle outlet. Ionization assembly is arranged inside manifold, and multiple nozzles are arranged on multiple manifold outlets so, that during operation air is ionized before it enters nozzle.EFFECT: technical result is increasing efficiency of container cleaning due to use of ionized air for cleaning.22 cl, 17 dwg
Ejector device for cleaning reservoirs from deposits of oil and oil products // 2606604
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for cleaning inner cavity of tanks, in particular, railway cisterns from viscous oil deposits. Ejector device is made in form of hydraulic monitor and comprises at least one hollow bar having at its end and ejector adapter. Nozzle comprises a housing with a cover, which includes inner cavity and outer annular chamber communicated via feed holes, at least three support disc with branch pipes, equipped with nozzles. Inner cavity of housing is communicated with hollow rod. Support discs are equipped with guide holes. Pipes are arranged on support discs at an angle to normal of outer annular chamber of housing. Guide holes in discs are arranged to normal of outer annular chamber of housing at an angle, value of which is greater than value of installation angle of pipes. Nozzles have outlets with an ellipse-like section and are installed on pipes through rotating discs coaxially with nozzles to rotate about a common axis. Hydraulic monitor is mounted on rod, on which there is a chain gear and is installed with possibility of longitudinal movement of carriage. On upper end of rod is fixed a wheel for movement of chain transmission, and on lower end of rod there is a bar pivotally installed with possibility of adusting angular position, said bar being connected by means of lever with carriage.EFFECT: high efficiency of cleaning inner cavity of a tank from viscous deposits of oil and oil products.4 cl, 3 dwg
Workpieces treatment device // 2606430
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing device, first of all for workpieces cleaning/stripping. Device (100) comprises nozzle module (114), which has module housing (116) with nozzle chamber (120). Nozzle chamber (120) has at least one nozzle hole (146) to create at least one directed on workpiece (102) stream (148) of high-pressure fluid. Module housing (116) comprises another nozzle chamber (124), which has at least one nozzle hole (172) to create at least one, at least, passing in sections along high-pressure fluid stream (148) and adjacent low-pressure fluid stream (184, 184'). Device has high-pressure liquid (130) supply device (128) into nozzle chamber (120) to create at least one stream (148) of high-pressure fluid. Device contains low pressure liquid (157) or gaseous fluid medium (155) selective supply device (154) into another nozzle chamber (124). At that, at least one hole (146) is located in module housing (116) with possibility of displacement.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of friction force, longer range of stream, which increases efficiency of cleaning.16 cl, 17 dwg

ethod for automatic decontamination of rod fuel elements and device therefor // 2605540
FIELD: nuclear power.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of fuel elements in nuclear reactors with uranium and MOX-fuel. Decontamination is performed by drawing a fuel element through a cartridge containing cleaning material, leaving no traces on surface of fuel element. After one drawing of fuel element used cartridge is removed from process. Decontamination can be both dry and wet. Decontaminating solution can be applied both at wiping material and applied to surface of fuel element. Device for implementation of present method comprises magazine for storage of new cartridges, system for feeding cartridges into decontamination zone, system for removing spent cartridges from decontamination zone, storage container, system for recycling spent cartridges, biological protection in case of operation with plutonium-containing fuel.EFFECT: technical result is automatic decontamination of fuel element completely meeting requirements for operation with MOX-fuel.4 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for fire cleaning of process equipment // 2605241
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to chemical industry, namely, to cleaning of process equipment made from row and alloyed steels, from polymer deposits and emulsion rubber by thermal decomposition. Method involves non-oxidising heating of equipment and thermal decomposition of polymers in a reactor by products of natural gas and pyrolysis gas combustion with further decontamination of gases and carbon before discharge into the atmosphere by means of their combustion in a cyclone furnace with a preliminary stage of thermal decomposition of high-molecular polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) into low-molecular polyaromatic hydrocarbons by a high-speed burner with the flame temperature of 1,700-2,000 °C in the antechamber of a cyclone furnace, heating of equipment is performed by high-speed heat transfer medium flow in a downward direction by means of circulation circuit,while additional air is introduced into the excess heat-transfer medium discharge after the cyclone furnace. Fire cleaning of equipment is carried out at the heat transfer medium temperature of 650 °C, and in the temperature range between 400-550 °C in order to avoid valley separation of pyrolysis gas heating is carried out at a rate of 10-15 °C/h.EFFECT: longer service life of process equipment, reduced contamination of the environment.3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Device for mechanochemical cleaning of pipeline inner space // 2603155
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transportation and storage of oil products, in particular, to cleaning of inner cavities of main oil pipelines and oil product pipelines from deposits and residues of transported product prior to changing type of transported product. Device of mechanochemical cleaning of pipeline inner space comprises a section for mechanochemical cleaning, a section for storing deposit solvent and a storage section. Section for mechanochemical cleaning includes drive, lining and cleaning discs, located behind control unit, unit for transmitting location and disc rotation drive, mechanochemical activation chamber formed by alternating drive, lining, cleaning discs and rotating discs with spring-loaded polymer wear-resistant brush, and comprising a pressure line for deposit solvent, provided with injection nozzles, drainage chamber for mechanochemical activation and a heating coil for deposit solvent. Behind mechanochemical activation chamber there are, located in housing, high-pressure pump, connected with pressure line of solvent and solvent intake line, leading to feed line of high-pressure pump, and a sludge pump connected with sludge pressure line and intake line of dissolved deposits. Deposit solvent storage section includes a tank with clean solvent, equipped with flexible intake line of clean solvent, connected to feed line of high-pressure pump.EFFECT: invention provides high degree of cleaning pipeline inner surface of pipeline from sediments and residues of transported product.1 cl, 3 dwg

Device for cleaning milking pipelines of milking machines // 2602607
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to devices for cleaning milking pipelines of milking machines. Device comprises a drive element rigidly connected by an axis with a fan and cleaner, performing progressive rotation in the pipeline. Drive element is made in the form of an electric motor with a power supply, control button, guides and a baffle plate. Baffle plate has a conical shape. Baffle plate is rigidly attached to the electric motor and is arranged between the motor and cleaner. Self-motion of the device through the pipeline is performed due to thrust generated by the fan. Air flow and flushing liquid, passing along internal longitudinal channels and capillaries of the rotary cleaner, are discharged through the baffle plate along an annular gap between the pipeline and drive element. Cleaner is made from porous material in the form of an elastic porous sponge or brush.EFFECT: shorter duration of washing, reduced water and detergent consumption, higher quality of cleaning milking pipelines of milking machines.1 cl, 1 dwg

Localizing nozzle // 2601823
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for cleaning surfaces and can be used as nozzle for installation of water-jet treatment of surfaces. Localizing nozzle comprises dome-shaped case, annular cavity inside case, formed by space between outer and inner walls of case, fluid supply system, air flow pressure source, fluid suction system. Fluid suction system comprises discharge pipe and rarefaction source. Circular cavity is connected with air flow pressure source through air supply branch pipe, placed on outer surface of case.EFFECT: technical result is exclusion of ingress of sprayed liquid drops beyond nozzle case circuit due to air flow, organized in circumferential direction between nozzle end of localizing and cleaned surface, decrease of dependence of efficiency of drops localizing (limitation of spraying) of height of end gap between nozzle and cleaned surface, achievement of required localization efficiency at treatment of surfaces with greater curvature or with large roughness.1 cl, 2 dwg

Composition for arrangement of means for cleaning and recovery care for apparel fancy products from natural leather or natural fur, method for arrangement of means for cleaning and recovery care for apparel fancy products from natural leather or natural fur, agent for cleaning and recovery care for apparel fancy products from natural leather or natural fur // 2601811
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means and methods of satisfying human needs, namely intended for cleaning and recovery caring of apparel fancy products from natural leather and fur. Care agent for apparel fancy products - is a solution, containing water and active substance, at that active substance contains a mixture of ingredients exclusively of vegetal origin, representing a mixture of extracts, having different properties, directed for care and recovery of fur and leather products.EFFECT: offered invention enables cleaning and recovery of apparel fancy products from natural fur or natural leather, does not have allergic and ecological consequences after application, provides increase of quality properties, air permeability and moisture protection of products, elasticity (biotonus), elasticity of natural leather and natural fur, increase in silk gloss of natural fur hair, which improves aesthetic properties apparel fancy products from natural fur, provides leveling of fat-yielding balance of natural leather, and natural fur close to natural, and reduces chemical micro-injuries and improves cleaning properties.35 cl
ethod of mechanical-thermal purifying paving slab from hydrocarbon impurities // 2601045
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a technology of mechanical-thermal purifying surfaces, for example, based on concrete, clay, sand and gravel chips, from residues of hydrocarbon impurities, in particular, such as fats and oils, oil products, stick chewing gum, paint, and can be used in the housing and utilities sector. Purifying method comprises selection of the type of impurities, preliminary mechanical purification, heating, mechanical purifying and final washing with weak solution of soap water. Contaminated points are being heated by direct flame burning at temperature in the range from the ambient temperature to 600 °C untill ash or soot is being formed, and then heating points are being cooled to the ambient temperature.EFFECT: method provides higher quality of purifying and versatility of using the method to various types of hydrocarbon compounds.3 cl

Process line for cleaning fuel supply elements of thermal engines // 2600648
FIELD: treatment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ultrasonic treatment of hollow articles and can be used for recovery of operational characteristics of burner devices of engines. Process line for cleaning channels of fuel supply elements of an external or internal combustion thermal engine has a unit for diagnosis of degree of clogging of channels before and after cleaning and a unit for ultrasonic cleaning UUO of clogged channels in a liquid cleaning medium. First stage involves visual inspection of elements and using calibrated rods KST checking outlets of all fuel channels and mapping clogging of channels. Then blowing device UP is connected and channels are blown with gaseous or liquid agent under pressure. Elements are then directed into UUO, equipped with means for sampling and analysing COA composition of deposits to be cleaned. UUO COA is a furnace for thermal treatment of deposits, an impact tool, grinding tool for processing a collected sample and scanning electronic microscope for analysing a sample slide. Based on analysis most effective detergent is chosen. Then burner is immersed into solution, which is an ultrasonic generator USG is placed. After cleaning burner is again fed into UD 1 for repeated diagnosis. Cleaning completed if result is positive, otherwise burner is directed into UUO for repeated cleaning.EFFECT: technical result is simpler and more qualitative diagnosis of state of controlled channels, their more qualitative cleaning due to improvement in ultrasonic cleaning process of detergent properties of cleaning medium.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of ultrasound cleaning and drying inner surfaces of fuel tanks // 2599302
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in space rocket, aviation and other industries, in which systems are used including tanks, in particular, fuel tanks, the main structural element of which is a shell of waffle structure. Method involves arrangement of ultrasound radiators on the outer surface of a fuel tank in crosslines of waffle material cells of the fuel tank shell in horizontal rows uniformly along the height of the fuel tank. Fuel tank inner surface is wetted by filling it with water and all radiators are switched on. After 30 minutes successively reduced is the water level in the fuel tank and switched off are the ultrasound radiators. When the water level reaches the line of the underlying ultrasound radiators row, the overlying row ones are switched off. Last row of the radiators is switched off in 90-120 minutes after complete release of the tank from water.EFFECT: using the invention provides the required level of industrial purity of fuel tanks.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of depositing antireflection multilayer broadband coating on surface of optical glass // 2597035
FIELD: glass.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to antireflection coatings on optical glass. Method of depositing an antireflection multilayer broadband coating on surface of optical glass involves calculation of thickness of coating layers based on table values of refraction indices; cleaning glass surface with organic solvents, cleaning with glow discharge and thermal treatment of substrate; calcination and degassing of film-forming materials; application of materials of different-thickness layers in a vacuum installation and control of transmission coefficient of substrate based on witness sample. Layers are made from alternating materials with average and high refraction index, and outer layer is made of material with lowest refraction index. On each layer, spectrum scanning determination of refraction index and dependance thereof on wave length is performed using acousto-optical spectrophotometer and a computer connected to its output. Obtained dependence is compared with preset dependance and coating sputtering modes are adjusted.EFFECT: technical result of invention is low coefficient of reflection from glass surface and high mechanical strength of antireflective coating.1 cl, 4 dwg
Composition for cleaning and protecting surface of water supply pipelines // 2596250
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in cleaning equipment for production and transportation of liquid products, for producing, transporting and packaging drinking water. Composition contains orthophosphoric, amidosulfonic and hydrochloric acid, as well as aqueous solution of orthophosphoric acid salts.EFFECT: high efficiency of cleaning surface of pipelines, faster removal of contaminants and providing protection of inner surface of pipelines from deposits.6 cl

Device for processing amber // 2594862
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing of amber stock. Device for removal of oxide coating from amber and its processing comprises an ultrasound frequency generator, acoustic transducer connected with electric generator, waveguide with tool connected to transducer, heating element and a power supply for heating element. Heating element is installed on waveguide with a working tool.EFFECT: faster cleaning material from cake without loss of main raw material.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for cleaning inner surface of process equipment and pipelines (versions) // 2594426
FIELD: treatment plants.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning mechanical impurities and corrosion protection of inner surfaces of process equipment and pipelines, particularly at low temperatures, and can be used at industrial enterprises at start-up operations, scheduled repairs, at reconstruction and new construction. Method involves hydrodynamic removing deposits mode by means of jet cleaning device, flushing fluid supply to cleaning device under high pressure, generating jet exposure by forming jet flows of said fluid on surface to be cleaned, carry-over of flushing fluid flow with remote deposits at the forward direction of movement of the cleaning device on the surface to be cleaned and at the reverse direction of movement by means of reciprocal action mechanism. At the stage of deposits purification cleaning of surface from corrosion products tightly coupled with metal and scales with provision of corrosion protection of the surface to be cleaned is performed. Solution at a given components ratio is used as flushing fluid.EFFECT: technical result is high efficiency of cleaning process equipment and pipelines of various configuration with simultaneous antirust treatment at negative temperatures.14 cl, 3 dwg, 5 ex

ethod for chemical cleaning of pipelines internal surface // 2593558
FIELD: chemistry. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical cleaning of inner surface of the oil pipeline. Method involves preparation of a cleaned section of the pipeline and its chemical processing with an agent, which is performed by creation of at least two plugs of the chemical reagent, to form which, first, a piston is put inside the pipeline, then the second piston, and the space between the said pistons is filled with the chemical reagent, the third piston is put inside the pipeline, and the space between the second and the third pistons is filled with the chemical reagent, and by means of an inert gas the created plugs are moved inside the pipeline from the initial point of the cleaned section to the final point at the rate of not more than 1 km/h provided that the counter-pressure is created by the inert gas of at least 2 kg/cm2. At least two cycles of the plugs movement are performed, then, at least 24 hours later and after inserting the two cleaning scrapers, at least two plugs of adsorptive light oil product are moved through the pipeline section with further removal of contaminated oil product, and after extraction of the last volume of the contaminated oil product the pipeline cleaning degree is checked. EFFECT: invention provides efficient cleaning of a pipeline at meeting ecological requirements. 7 cl, 3 dwg

Two-stage method of cleaning surfaces from oil products // 2592521
FIELD: technological processes; oil and gas industry. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of cleaning surfaces from hydrocarbon contaminants and can be used in various industries for powered washing and cleaning equipment and material ducts during preparation for internal survey, repair and/or changing content. Method includes the first stage consists in supply of working medium in form of a Jet onto treated surface and removal from processing zone products washing and the second stage consists in rinsing washed surface of the second working medium and removing products rinsing. Products of washing and rinsing with both processing stages is discharged in collector-separator for coarse separation into hydrocarbon, water and emulsion layers. Emulsion layer containing direct and reverse emulsion is used as working medium at the first stage of treatment. Water layer is used as working medium at the second stage of treatment. Part of the hydrocarbon layer is directed to the station dehydration to separate water from it and return to compensation of losses of water layer, and dehydrated hydrocarbons is implemented as a commercial product. EFFECT: efficient cleaning surface with simplification of technology and reduction of total costs. 1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of cleaning pipeline (versions) and device therefor // 2590548
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to cleaning pipeline inner surface of various deposits using coil tubing unit. When cleaning pipeline, coiled tubing with equipment system is placed over section of pipeline. Pit is formed and pipeline section is removed. Valve and T-joint are placed at end of pipeline. Working end of inserted long pipe BDT is connected to a cleaning device, which consists of two-stage sludge collector D and crowns. Device is introduced into guide tube NT, made in form of an arc with central angle of 90°. Upper end NT is connected with injector and lower - with T-joint. T-branch by means of flow line is connected to receiving tank, installed on surface. Valve and liquid is supplied at BDT with simultaneous movement of device on NT to destruction of deposits in pipeline. Destruction of deposits and carryover of slurry in D is performed by means of bit. Bit has internal conical recess at forming of which there are cutting straight wear resistant insertions and arranged in symmetry about device axis parallel to through holes. Through holes are made with expansion to inner surface of bit and formation of hydraulic connection of axial channel of device with an internal cavity D. One of stages D is fixed sludge collector, and other is centrifugal separator. Controlled pressure supplied liquid, and suddenly increase fluid supply is stopped. Said device is returned to NT. Valve is closed and lower end of disconnected NT of T-joint. NT is lifted with sludge is removed from D. Lower end of NT is connected with device to T-joint and valve is opened. Cycle of operations is carried out many times until pipeline cleaning is complete. Method includes dismantling equipment and pipeline and trench is filled.EFFECT: higher efficiency of pipeline cleaning.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of heat supply systems, water supply and disposal systems cleaning of impurities // 2590547
FIELD: heating systems.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning of pipelines, liquid heating systems and radiators inner surfaces of central heating etc. of contaminants (sludge, various deposits, corrosion products, plugs and blockages) and can be used in heat engineering, housing and communal services, industry. Method includes at least one cycle, in series including disconnection of cleaned section from main pipeline, connection of drain riser of cleaned section to extraction device, creation inside cleaned section of low pressure zone due to removal of water from drain riser with discharge device, disconnection of cleaned section drain riser from extraction devices, connection of supply riser to main line or to discharge device while simultaneously feeding water or air under pressure not less than 100 kPa, connection of drain riser to main line or to discharge device with simultaneous switching on of water pumping out.EFFECT: efficient cleaning of heating system without using chemical reagents, without dismantling of separate elements of systems.1 cl, 1 dwg

Device and ventilation device // 2588478
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a ventilation device containing device for holding and control of air channel. Device comprises an air channel, lever structure located along outer surface of air channel, lever structure comprises two lever sections, first joint which connects first lever part with a fastening device which holds and supports base of lever position and which provides different positioning of lever structure and air channel, second joint which connects first lever section with second lever section and provides various positioning of lever structure and air channel. Each lever section comprises an elongated profile, wherein first joint comprises first part attached to fixing device, and second part attached to first lever section, wherein parts of first joint are interconnected by axis around which they can rotate relative to each other around, and second joint comprises first part attached to first lever section, and second part attached to second lever section, wherein parts of second joint are interconnected by axis which passes through first part and second part and about which they can rotate relative to each other. Further, at least one part joint comprises a part in form of cradle, comprising two parts, arranged in parallel and spaced apart, wherein said parts are located at each side of flat part, which is contained in second part of joint. Device also comprises balancing device, which is located between one joint and one of lever section, and fastener arranged around axis of rotation and rigidly attached to one part of joint to outer surface of joint, and having part projecting from joint, and tension structure, which is attached by one of its ends to provide rotation of projecting part of fastener and other end to provide rotation of lever section of lever part of joint, wherein central line of projecting part is located at an angle from 80° to 100° relative to central line of lever section, which is rigidly attached to part of joint, to which is a fastener is rigidly fixed.EFFECT: ensuring more stable operation of balancing device.25 cl, 17 dwg

ethod of washing tanks for oil, oil products or hazardous fluids and equipment therefor // 2585784
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safe cleaning of tanks for storing oil products and other dangerous fluids, contact of which with air is not allowed. Oil or dangerous fluid medium is pumped out from tanks with simultaneous filling of freed space with gas inert in respect to tank content. Tank is washed in inert gas medium by means of hot sea water mainly with detergent additives, followed by displacement of contaminated inert gas from the tank by ballast sea water with subsequent water pumping. After pumping out ballast sea water tank is filled with clean inert gas. Tank is blown by inert gas, then degassing-substitution of inert gas with air is performed, tank is ventilated with air to ensure access for personnel and carrying out examinations and required operations. Equipment complex includes washing monitors, instrumentation, immersed pumps with hydraulic drive and pipelines for pumping out washing water, installed on tank bottom, centrifugal high-pressure pumps with hydraulic drive to supply washing water, hydraulic station to allow operation of hydraulic equipment.EFFECT: possibility to clean tanks automatically in safe inert medium, avoidance of oxygen containing gas medium access to storage tanks and risk of pyrophoric deposits inflammation prior to the end of drying, washing, cleaning, degassing and ventilating tank, safety of tank washing process on structure located in open sea or in coastal areas.9 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for cleaning pipes and risers of sewage network // 2583006
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, specifically to methods for cleaning pipes and risers of sewage network of settlements and industrial enterprises. Technical result is achieved using a method, which comprises formation of self-destructing piston and its movement. On clogged section of pipeline of network in inspection sewage pit on inlet side of waste water in pipeline are arranged guide tubular overpass total height above it of not less than twice depth of well and its lower end of yielding part overpass, for example, in form of bellows is inserted into pipeline. Then in outer edge of non-deformable part smooth-pipe overpass or riser is fit a pre-formed self-destructible piston comparable on diameter, and is provided, due to forces of gravity, with accelerated motion in system overhead crossing pipeline or standpipe and opposite collision with clogging in pipeline or riser up to its removal.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduced operating costs for maintenance of sewage network.7 cl, 1 dwg
Vehicle-mounted camera device // 2582478
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: vehicle-mounted camera device, which is installed on a vehicle and captures an image of neighborhood comprises an objective lens. Outer lens of objective lens has a hydrophilic surface so that water, sticking to surface takes shape of a film. In lower part of lens is a cap-ledge, which provides retention of water film on surface of lens.EFFECT: technical result is possibility of removing dirt or other substances adhering to lens surface without delay and maintaining lens surface in a clean condition.7 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of cleaning separators of gas transmission stations and device therefor // 2581394
FIELD: treatment plant.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning separators of gas transfer stations from contamination. Method involves mixing water and cleaning agent, circulation washing of separator with mixture with subsequent spray washing of separator under pressure and final flushing. For circulation washing, a water-based emulsion is used, containing 2-3 % cleaning agent with he ratio of components (wt%): sodium salts of aminomethylene phosphonic acid - 5-15, inhibitor of paraffin deposits - 12-36, 2.6-di-tertbutyl-4-methylphenol - 8-16, isopropyl alcohol - balance. Jet washing and final washing at a positive temperature of ambient air is carried out with water, at a negative temperature - with aqueous solution of isopropyl alcohol with content of latter of 10-25 %, and content of isopropyl alcohol in emulsion is increased to 10-25 %. Device includes a high-pressure apparatus, a separator installed after supply container for emulsion, and is connected with it through outlet pump and drain hatch. Apparatus also comprises a container for aqueous alcohol coupled with a separator, and a dispersant, output of which is connected to supply container of emulsion and input - with container for alcohol and water tank.EFFECT: technical result is improving quality of cleaning separators.2 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod for removing contamination or moisture from workpiece and device for implementation // 2579587
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and apparatus for decontamination of water and external surfaces and internal cavities of the various equipment. Technical result is achieved by way of removing dirt or moisture from the workpiece, which comprises placing a workpiece in the chamber with subsequent evacuation of the locking device opening through the pipeline connecting it to a vacuum pump. Thus before evacuating the chamber with a workpiece carried vacuum booster chamber from which air is evacuated in advance in order to maintain a residual pressure of less than 10-1 mmHg. and which is connected with the chamber with the workpiece conduit. Then when you open the locking device is pumping air from the chamber to the work piece in a booster chamber with speed V, which is determined from the relationship: V=Q/F·t=K·Δmed., Where Q - total number of dirt or moisture, F - the amount of pollution or moisture per unit area, t - pumping time, K - coefficient of mass transfer, Δmed. - average driving force of the process, which is determined by the pressure difference of the medium at the surface of the part and the partial pressure of the medium in the chamber. Moreover, the process is repeated until the desired degree of purification.EFFECT: technical result is to increase productivity and quality of the cleaning and drying process, simplification of the apparatus and reducing the cleaning time.5 cl, 1 dwg

obile cleaning system // 2579137
FIELD: cleaning equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multifunctional and mobile cleaning systems intended for cleaning of public transport vehicles, preferably passenger metro cars. Cleaning system comprises a movable scaffolding on which washing equipment is mounted. Washing equipment comprises at least a water suction device and an automatic washing solution feeding device, which are located in inner space of scaffold. Scaffold allows staff to access inside of passenger car. Washing equipment may also include a washout machine, a steam generator, blasting apparatus, water supply apparatus under pressure, a vacuum cleaner. System is equipped with a control unit for independently controlling operation of water suction device and feeder for cleaning solution and a remote control for remote interaction with a wireless process control unit.EFFECT: technical result is broader functional capabilities, high mobility of cleaning system, improvement of efficiency and rate of washing process, easy access for service personnel inside railway cars, easy movement of washing equipment in and out of car, simple operation.23 cl, 2 dwg

System of cleaning without disassemblage and method of cleaning of centrifugal separator // 2577375
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: system of cleaning without disassemblage connected to the centrifugal separator contains the centrifugal separator comprising a rotor installed to rotate around the axis of rotation and to create inside it a separation space, a separator input for fluid, continuing inside the separating space, a first separator output for fluid continuing from the separating space. Wherein the said first separator output contains an outlet pump made with possibility to ensure fluid flow from the first separator output. The system of cleaning without disassemblage contains a tank for cleaning fluid, cleaning fluid pump to deliver the cleaning fluid from tank to the separator input. The system of cleaning without disassemblage is made with possibility of fluid flow reception from the first separator output. Wherein the cleaning fluid pump is made with possibility of the cleaning fluid transfer from the tank to the separator input by the received fluid flow. The method of cleaning of the centrifugal separator contains stages, when the system of cleaning without disassemblage is connected to the centrifugal separator, the rotor is rotated with work speed, the rotor separating space is filled with fluid, fluid flow from the separating space is arranged through the first separator output by means of the outlet pump, the fluid flow is received to the cleaning fluid pump, the cleaned fluid is discharged from the tank to the separator input by means of the received fluid flow, and cleaning fluid is injected inside the separating space, for example, for cleaning of at least parts of the separating space.EFFECT: assurance of possibility of work of the system of cleaning without disassemblage regardless of the external pressure sources by means of the cleaning fluid injection by means of the fluid flow from the outlet pump of the centrifugal separator.10 cl, 1 dwg

Connection of segment parts of brush core // 2576577
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: connection (1) of the segment parts (2, 3, 4) of connecting blocks of the drum for brusher to clean, for example, snow at large areas is suggested. The segment parts have double walls of the brush core, that in the installed position has the form of drum or cylinder. The segment parts include shoulders (5, 6) with large thickness in form of block with the support surfaces (7, 8) having broken form, that are made on the connecting fins (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19), thickened for better force transfer to exclude the metal fatigue. The entire connection is locked by imbus screw (12).EFFECT: form of the shoulders and their connection ensures very strong ring connection for different segment parts with double walls with different diameters of the brush core fro the brushers.8 cl, 7 dwg

Autonomous mobile machine with filled container and unit comprising autonomous machine and filling station // 2576446
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of animal husbandry. The machine comprises a moving device, a container, the means for receiving a fluid, having at least one filling opening through which the container can be filled, and the means for dispensing the fluid, comprising at least one opening for dispensing the fluid through which the fluid can be dispensed. The machine is additionally made with the ability of autonomous approaching to the fluid supply station and connection of the filling opening to the fluid supply station so that when the filling opening and the fluid supply station are in the connected position, the fluid may be transmitted from the fluid supply station to the container. The filling opening of the means for receiving the fluid is located at a distance from the container and on one side of the central axis of the machine mirror imaging, at that the axis extends in the direction of the machine movement. The machine additionally comprises a device for moving manure on the stable floor. The means for dispensing the fluid is made with the ability of dispensing the fluid onto the floor. The opening for dispensing the fluid is arranged such that the fluid is dispensed onto the floor in front of the device for moving manure, as viewed in the direction of the machine movement. The sewage unit comprises a machine and a fluid supply station equipped with the means for supplying fluid. The filling opening of the means for receiving the fluid of the machine or the means for supplying fluid comprises the means for directing the filling opening and the means for supplying fluid to the connected position.EFFECT: easy connection of the machine to the filling station is provided.14 cl, 3 dwg

Device for pipeline inner surface cleaning, repair and inspection // 2575356
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control, repair and cleaning of pipe inner surface by grinding at pipe units finishing plants. Claimed device comprises trolley with drive for reciprocation over the track and bar. One end of the latter is articulated with said trolley while its opposite cantilever end is provided with roller bearing to centralize the bar relative to the pipe axis. Besides, it includes the roller bearing to support the bar cantilever end, wastes cleaning system and power carrier system. Said bar is provided with the transmission arranged therein, its one end being coupled with the trolley drive. Two-arm lever is secured at opposite cantilever end by bracket via the flange with slide guides. Grinding machine with abrasive wheel, adjustable support rollers and video camera are mounted at two-arm lever one arm. Opposite lever arm supports pneumatic cylinders interacting with grinding machine for pressing of the abrasive wheel against the pipe inner wall. Said roller support is composed of dual lever mechanism symmetric about bar axis pulled off hydraulic cylinders. This device is equipped with height-adjustable branch pipe that simulates the processed pipe.EFFECT: simplified design and servicing, enhanced performances and higher efficiency.5 dwg

Substrate board backing by polymer film // 2575290
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to light industry, particularly, to substrate board backing by polymer film. Claimed process comprises the steps that follow. a) Polymer film back side facing the substrate boar surface is subjected to corona effects at appropriate machine. b) Glue is applied by a contactless process with the help of spraying on the polymer film back side. c) The polymer film is subjected to backing onto substrate board with the help of backing roller and counter pressure roller opposite the backing pressure at substrate board rear. The polymer film is kept stretched during the process up to backing. Substrate board feed rate is some 0.001-0.3 m/min higher than rpm of the backing roller. Between the polymer film corona discharge processing and glue application time difference equals at least 10 s. Between application of fused glue and backing the time difference equals at least 5 s. Relative humidity is adjusted at all process steps.EFFECT: perfected coating process.12 cl, 6 dwg, 1 ex

Substrate board backing by polymer film // 2575287
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: claimed method comprises the steps that follow. a) Contactless glue application by the nozzle on the polymer film back. b) The polymer film is subjected to backing onto substrate board with the help of backing roller and counter pressure roller opposite the backing pressure at substrate board rear. Note here that the substrate board is subjected to cleaning in direction of transfer upstream of backing roller at the first step cleaning station with the help of brushes working across each other. At feed of forced air with static voltage removed by ionic rod and with suction of used air containing fine dust. At the second step, wet cleaning is performed with the application of organic solvents and fabric not containing silicon.EFFECT: perfected coating process.17 cl, 6 dwg

Cavitation atromiser // 2575033
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: in cavitation atomiser in series with jet vortex unit the initial and secondary compression circuits are installed. Between the circuits the Laval circuit is located. The clear opening diameters of holes of the atomiser elements exciting the washing fluid jet cavitation are made at quadratic relation of the diameters of the atomiser work contour ensuring maximum pressure of the washing fluid jet.EFFECT: increased efficiency of washing of hollow long structures.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of hydropneumatic cleaning of internal surfaces of hollow items // 2574774
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: in the preliminary gas filled cavity of the item liquid is delivered from high pressure source of pneumohydraulic accumulator type. After pressure equalization in the source and cleaned cavity the later is connected to drainage main line to remove the gas/liquid mixture with contaminations. The drainage main line is closed, then gas under overpressure is supplied to the cavity, and the drainage main line is re-connected for the liquid complete drainage.EFFECT: increased efficiency and reduced time of cleaning.3 dwg

Elector dust/gas gate // 2574466
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: dust/gas gate installed in materials treatment device contains casing, made with possibility of the machining tool installation in it, and connection with system for suction the generated dust/gas mixture, and device for dust/gas mixture in the casing. The device for dust/gas mixture contains assembly for directed supply of compression air to the machining zone from side of peripheral area of the machining zone, and element directing flow of dust/gas mixture, it has bottom surface located around the machining zone and being streamline for the dust/gas mixture flow.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dust/gas mixture separation due to suction of fine dust cloud from powder, and assurance of the spraying process in production rooms without use of the suction chambers.14 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of cleaning of tank bottom from deposit and device for its implementation // 2572540
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: device for cleaning of tank bottom from deposit contains the deposit collecting system. The system consists of two longitudinal guides, attached to the long sides of the tank. On upper ribs of the guides by means of rollers the cross guide is installed. On the guide by means of rollers the carriage fitted with vertical nozzle is installed. Another end of the vertical nozzle is fitted with a lancet-shaped tip which fits the lower groove of the cross guide. End faces of the cross guide are fitted with the lancet-shaped tips which fit the side grooves of the longitudinal guide. The nozzle is moved in the longitudinal direction, thus scanning complete surface of the tank bottom to be cleaned along any pre-set trajectory.EFFECT: improvement of quality, decrease of labour input and energy consumption for cleaning of unit area of tank bottom from watered deposit.5 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of cleaning of dead holes // 2572422
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: preliminary plane of surface is oriented horizontally. The part is heated. In the cleaned hole the device is installed, it is made in form of hollow flexible element with latches installed along length. Free ends of cross-arms of the latches contact with the hole walls. In the part material vibration is generated, and through the cavity of the flexible element the cavity of the cleaned hole under pressure is filled with melt of easy-deformed thermoplastic material until overflow of the melt surplus on the flat surface of the hole. Holding till complete melt solidification is ensured. The solidified mass through the part material is heated till melt starting, and by ball head of the top end of the flexible element the conglomerate is removed from the hole. End face of the bottom end of the flexible element is in contact with the hole bottom, and has slots of triangle shape located along the circle. Group of latches of the flexible element located in same plane is rotated relatively the adjacent group by 45°, wherein the latches have mixers in form of ball.EFFECT: increased quality of cleaning of the dead holes.1 dwg

Pyrolysis cleaning of processing tooling and recovery of production wastes // 2572400
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pyrolysis cleaning of processing tooling from industrial contaminants including organic and hydrocarbon substances resulting from technological processes. Claimed process includes the processing tooling loading into the thermal decomposition chamber for heating and decomposition of contaminants, that is, the pyrolysis with the formation of gas and solid fractions, and unloading of solid fractions. Note here that contaminants are heated in the thermal decomposition chamber by radiative heat exchange with the IR radiation sources. Note here that IR radiation source spectrum complies with that of contaminant radiative absorption. Note here that gas fractions are directed for afterburning and cleaning.EFFECT: lower labour input, higher processing efficiency.2 cl, 1 dwg

Kicking device intended for kicking of multisection intratubal fault detectors // 2572127
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: kicking device consists of prefabricated body containing support assembly and cover. There are mounting holes in the junction cavity. Inner diameter of the prefabricated body is equal to the rated inner diameter of the surveyed pipeline. At outer surface of the prefabricated body there are supports intended for mounting of spacing pads that compensate difference between diameter of the device and inner diameter of the start-up chamber. At the rear side of the support assembly there is a blind heavy-duty partition with a cup fixed on it. At the front part of the support assembly there are headers intended to thrust into adapter sleeve of the start-up chamber not equipped with kicking force cups. Inside the support assembly and cover there are two semi-rings protruded inwards.EFFECT: kicking device is passed to the start-up chamber not equipped with kicking force cups, locking, slanting and jamming of multisection fault detectors is excluded.2 dwg

Composition for neutralising aggressive chemical compounds // 2571759
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: C-4 smoke mixture containing a sulphuric anhydride and chlorosulphonic acid with a sulphuric acid impurity is neutralised. The composition is gray gaize containing heulandite, metastilbite, tridymite, calcite and α-quartz. The gaize is modified with 18% aqueous sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide solution in the presence of a quaternary ammonium compound.EFFECT: composition is prepared from readily available material and ensures safe and effective neutralisation of aggressive chemical compositions and wastes.2 tbl, 4 ex

V. rodionov's cavitator // 2568467
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrocavitation devices and can be used for development of cavitation in jet flows, for example, ship repair, oil-and-gas industry, etc. Cavitator comprises the casing with the internal through chamber including the inlet with cylindrical section and confuser with convergence angle α. Besides, it comprises the expansion chamber, side holes and outlet composed by the diffuser with divergence angle β. Cavitator internal through chamber includes transition sections with ribbed inner side surface. Inlet cylindrical section is located at cavitator inlet to extend into said confuser. Outlet of the latter is connected via one of said transition sections with expansion chamber inlet with stepped inner side surface. Expansion chamber mid section features maximum diameter relative to the other stepped section and is communicated with η lateral holes. Note here that the expansion chamber outlet is connected via the other section with the diffuser inlet with stepped inner side surface.EFFECT: higher efficiency of removal of hard-to-remove sediments.4 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of washing of internal surfaces of hydraulic cylinders // 2568220
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: result is achieved by washing of the internal surfaces of hydraulic cylinders by piston movement under alternating supply and drainage of the cleaning medium from the hydraulic cylinder cavities. At that in position of the maximum volume the cavity is alternatively connected to HP and drainage main lines, as result in the cavity pressure and flowrate oscillations are provided, they ensure break-away of the contamination particles from the cavity walls, and continuous their mixing in jets of the pulsing flow. After holding necessary for the contamination particles break-away, the liquid flow at the hydraulic cylinder input is directed to the opposite cavity to move the piston for the volume decreasing of the washed cavity, and thus removing the washing liquid with the contamination particles from the cleaned cavity, and oscillations excitation is terminated.EFFECT: increased efficiency and reduced washing time.1 dwg

Industrial cleaning system (versions) // 2568214
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial cleaning system. This system comprises one or several cleaning chambers (1) and carrier (2) for displacement, revolution or variation of inclination for loading and unloading and provided with lifter (28) with gripper (20) for material G to be cleaned. Gripper (20) extends through holes (9) in end wall (10) of cleaning chambers (1) to be closed by cover (11). Note here that said lifter (28) and cover (11) make an integral structural assy. Cover (11) is arranged in opening (13) along shaft (14) of lifter lever (15) in guide (18), (16) to displace therein. Note here that link (23) makes the trust for grip of cover (11) for cleaning chamber (1) opening at upward motion of lifter lever (15) while cover (11) is fitted on cleaning chamber (1) at downward motion of lifter lever (15). At closed cover (11), lifter lever (15) can adjust up or down travel of gripper (20) inside the cleaning chamber (1). Carrier (2) can be provided with manipulating lever (46) to be regulated about axles and lifting lever (47) with gripper (20). Note also that cover (11) is located in opening (48) along shaft (49) of lifting lever (47) to displace there along. Joint is created between cover (11) and lifting lever (47) via self-aligning bearing (50). Axial guide (54) is arranged for grip of lifting lever (47) while link (55) serves to drive cover (11). Note also that link (55) makes the trust for cover (11) for cover grip at upward travel of lifting lever (47). Cover (11) is fitted on cleaning chamber (1) for closing of the latter at downward travel of lifting lever (47). Travel of lifting lever (47) in guide (54) in chamber (1) can be adjusted or pendulum travel of said lever (47) in self-aligning bearing (50) can be adjusted by means of manipulating lever (46).EFFECT: cleaning chamber closing is adapted to direction of lifting device travel.28 cl, 11 dwg

Injector head for cleaning device // 2567632
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an injector head for a cleaning device for cleaning the surface. The injector head (30) for the cleaning device (10), with an inlet element (32) which has an inlet channel (62) for a pressurized cleaning fluid, and with a holder (36) of nozzles on which at least one cleaning nozzle (52, 54) is located. The holder (36) of nozzles comprises a feeding channel (60) for supplying the cleaning fluid to at least one cleaning nozzle (52, 54), and the holder (36) of nozzles is made with the ability of rotation around an axis (44) of rotation relative to the inlet element (32), and the inlet channel (62) through the first sleeve element (80) located at its outlet and the second sleeve element (96) located at the inlet of the feeding channel (60) is in pressure communication with the feeding channel (60), at that the sleeve elements (80, 96) have sealing surfaces (94, 110) facing each other. For the ability to actuate the rotation of the holder (36) of nozzles by means of small actuating forces it is suggested that the sealing surface (94, 110) of at least one sleeve element (80, 96) has at least one recess (114).EFFECT: improvement of the design.11 cl, 4 dwg

Cleaner, cleaning and cleaning monitoring // 2565705
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: claimed set of inventions relates to cleaning. Surface cleaner (2) comprises casing (4 to make chamber (6), channel to feed fluid to the latter, channel (16) to discharge fluid therefrom, nozzle (14) and acoustic converter (22). Nozzle is connected with discharge channel to create fluid outlet flow to surface cleaning. Acoustic converter is coupled with the case for acoustic power feed into fluid inside said chamber. Acoustic power exists in fluid being discharged from the nozzle. Besides, device includes also gas bubble generator (32) in said fluid being discharged from the nozzle. Casing and/or nozzle are made of pressure-absorbing material.EFFECT: better cleaning of articles and personnel without damaging the both.23 cl, 9 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod for microbiological treatment of tanks from oil and oil products // 2565680
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to methods for microbiological treatment of tanks from oil and oil products, which are used for the transportation and storage of oil and oil products, and may be used for further production of mineral fertilisers generated as a by-product at microbiological treatment of tanks from oil and oil products. The method for microbiological treatment of tanks from oil and oil products includes the introduction of biomass to the treated tank, at that the biomass represents a solution of active sludge of an anaerobic origin with maximum moisture of 91% and a ratio of carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus of 25/1/1 and pH 7÷8.5, destruction of oil and oil products and further draining of the tank.EFFECT: invention allows complete cleaning of tanks from oil and oil products without generation of explosive hazardous mixtures of gases in the tank with further generation of biological fertilisers as the by-product of the process.

ethod and unit for cleaning of industrially produced structural elements // 2564843
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning of industrially produced structural elements. Unit (30) comprises cleaning space (2) and suction device (7) to suck outcoming air (Vab) as detergent evaporations from cleaning space (2). Claimed unit comprises regenerator (5) accommodating refrigerator (6) with cooling register (8) for outcoming air (Vab) to be cooled therein and dried and heating register (9). Sucked off outcoming air (Vab) is forced to regenerator (5) via refrigerator (6) heating register (9) and heated to, in fact, outcoming air temperature. Then, heated and dried outcoming air (Vab) is fed via air-in pipe (17) to cleaning space (2) as a preheated dry in-air (Vzu). In-air pipe (17) extends into cleaning space (2) in the area of sluice door (16) to produce air curtain in said space (2) behind said door (16) by fed in-air (Vzu) to prevent the escape of detergent evaporations at opening of said sluice door (16).EFFECT: saving of detergent and heat.15 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of pipes cleaning and device for its implementation // 2561979
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: method of pipes cleaning includes gas injection in the pneumatic accumulator, and creation in the pipe of the pressure jump by means of quick gas release from the accumulator. At that the pneumatic accumulator is installed in the pipe, and pressure jump is formed by destruction of the pneumatic accumulator.EFFECT: simple design and increased cleaning efficiency.13 cl, 3 dwg