User devices interface

FIELD: data input devices.

SUBSTANCE: device has base, at least one assembly, consisting of key and means for determination of operation of key, first means for determination of displacement of device elements relatively to one another, while the key is mounted with possible outside access to it, a platform is provided, mounted with possible displacement relatively to base, key is mounted with possible displacement of it together with platform relatively to base, first means for determination of device elements mutual displacement is mounted with possible recording of platform displacement relatively to base, and means for detecting key operation is made or positioned relatively to key in such a way, that it can record well operation in neutral position, and/or in case of platform displacement from neutral position.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

15 cl, 20 dwg

 

The invention relates to input devices information such as text, characters, control signals in mobile phones, PDAs, panel and remote control for home appliances, computer and electronic games, etc.

For all their diversity, all these devices have in common the presence of a keyboard of the user interface, the main problem which arises from the desire for miniaturization of devices, badly combined with increasing the number of their functions, managed keys.

For example, an active increase in computing power means of signal processing in the electronic games industry has led to the fact that the current games in their complexity does not go to any comparison with what it was ten years ago. Games become more sophisticated, the number of possible games of commands and operations grows and grows. This controls the game presents essentially the same push-button interfaces inherent in the advent of the first computers. For example, the modern 12-key remote Super Nintendo is composed of eight of the operation buttons and 4 buttons for up, down, right, left.

Well-known dislike of the majority of users to remote control for home appliances: too many buttons on a limited space is e, Ogata geography - all this creates difficulties when searching for the right button, confuses and repels. If the room is damp light, to read the names of the buttons is simply impossible. Since its inception in the late 60s to the present day remotely controlled consumer devices was complicated in exponential dependence. However, the evolution bypassed the keypad interface, in particular the remote control. They covered buttons, which reaches several tens - and all of their acquisition. And the emergence of the so-called universal remotes designed to combine control functions with all appliances, has generated a lot of additional problems: part familiar to users of the functions inherent to old consoles, fell, and increase the set of "hidden" buttons have led to the need to study and memorize the voluminous manuals-instructions on using the remote. The limit has already been reached: modern consoles, requiring greater diligence user for their development, are on the verge of convenience hold. Transfer problems on someone else's field, for example, along with the usual buttons means the TV menu - Graphic User Interface (GUI) is actually a substitute for the functions of the remote control, has become commonplace. Considered even in the options for the use of handheld computers as a remote control (US Patent 6437836).

And the most painful point of the current push-button interface - the text input in mobile phones and handheld computers. Implement on an extremely limited space, the set of symbols that are comparable to traditional desktop keyboard - task is as outstanding as it is topical.

Thus, the modern push-button interface is characterized by the presence of very serious problems that may hinder the further development of the devices, they controlled boundaries are performed by the device functions far beyond the physical capabilities of their presentation button interface. Keys are sorely lacking. Their sizes are on the verge of inconvenience to the press and, in the case of mobile devices, retention of the device in the hand during operation. The buttons in the same form as it exists today, hopelessly out of date and requires a fundamental rethinking.

The desire to resolve the contradiction is reflected in the numerous developments.

The futility of one approach can be seen in the US 4791408 representing five button keypad for typing with one hand. The input is carried out as a separate key, and a joint with a few keystrokes - chord. To work with this keyboard you need at least to learn keyboard shortcuts - chords, which, as shown PR is prevention, the user actively resists. For this reason, chord keyboard, known for more than a quarter of a century, never caught on. It is noteworthy that in the referenced patent each key, slipping from the neutral position causes one of the two contacts, providing, thus, the two input symbols, and marks other than lump-sum approach to the problem of the push-button interface - namely, the attempt to create multicopy able to change its value.

The desire to increase the number of teams assigned to the individual keys, promises considerable benefits. For the reassign button functions were offered a variety of solutions.

Try to automatically reassign undertaken in patent US 6437709 where the functionality of a desktop keyboard implemented 13 keys via the hardware linguistic support (for example, the prefix of the word entered by the first letter of the suffix - constituent consonant and so on). Supports the corresponding base words, most frequent of which is supplied to the display for confirmation by the user. Despite the fact that this implementation requires additional resources, its weak point is the impossibility of entering an unfamiliar system of words and inconvenience caused by the requirement for continuous verification of the assumptions of the system.

Another approach along the same line pre is submitted repeatedly pressing the numeric keys of the telephone keypad, scheduled to four characters, step by step, go over to the desired value, as described in the proposal of the Russian Federation No. 98110270 (10.05.2000, and as can be seen in almost any mobile phone.

Another approach is to allocate additional funds switching function button activated by the user later. So, for example, in ed. mon. USSR N 1606352, BI No. 42, 1990, proposed a device that provides control of the position of the operator's hands for a corresponding change of the function keys.

The same was proposed in US Patent 5661505: “swing” to the right and to the left from the normal keyboard to work five fingers with twelve alphanumeric keys, which are on three characters. Select the desired tilt of the housing. For mobile devices, this solution is unsuitable: the weight does not work, and jobs will have to learn.

The idea multiclause reflected in the control panels of household appliances, in particular US Patent 6140627 attempts to add multiceps to a series regular in the control panel of the microwave oven.

In the US 5087910 the keyboard has two keys for three fingers, has a four position switch to thumb through which assigns values to keys.

Here we face another direction finding solutions PERC is to vizirovat “dimensions " click” - the idea of a four position switch, known as a D-pad that implements a metaphor for directions to the cardinal directions: North, South, West, East. A typical representative of this line of development can be considered a US Patent 4927987, which provides the device with finger holes, inside of which there are four sensor. Next hole without changing the essence, changed all kinds of plates on a variety of suspensions.

Subsequently, this solution was added an additional operation on the enable button exactly in the center. A typical implementation of such a multi-position switch - elegant in its technical embodiment of the five-way switch US 6329614 assembled from conventional push buttons of the microswitches on the type of the tilting table. Positional inclusion is ensured by the fact that pressing on the center causes the closure of the Central contact, and swing button in one of the four sides of the closure of the Central contact with one of the peripheral. As with all such developments, the device is too large dimensions: assembled from such switches 12-key telephone keypad will be the size of a half-sheet of A1 that does not quite meet the requirements of modern mobile devices. Even if mass production of multi-position switches, due to struktivnyh features of their sizes is unlikely to diminish until Microlaboratory. Doubtful and tilt buttons, selected as the primary user actions to carry in the arms of the device.

The idea of multicopy apparently brought to the limit in US Patent 5408621 where to enter text into your phone offers dvenadtsatiosnye switch. It is absolutely immature remains the issue of providing tactile sensations of the user, namely the cultivation of the direction of movement of the finger to confidently select the desired letter.

A completely different approach to push-button interface shown in US Patent 6509848, where the output signal of the remote control depends on the effort of pressing the button. However, this approach, though claimed as make it easier to use the remote seems to be problematic: to calibrate efforts on several levels it is difficult even to the discerning user, not to mention the mass consumer.

A common defect of all these lines of development is that the configuration of the switch may not be significantly reduced in size, and a large number of components used increases the production cost.

Interface as the keyboard from the power of the keys looks very tempting: all commands visual, easy and intuitive. The text entry methods based on the use of such system, as much as the Alo attempts its technical implementation.

The closest analogue we offer the invention is a device enter text telephone device described in the patent of Ukraine No. 46628. When the key is pressed, the user makes a small movement in the direction of introducing the character corresponding to this side of the keys. The keyboard itself is no different from a standard 12-key, which is equipped with every cell phone, except for the touch panel, providing identification of the shift keys. However, despite some advantages compared to mechanical solutions, such as small displacements and higher reliability, sensitive panel require significant computing resources for processing the analog signal that will be active deterrent to wide dissemination of such push-button interfaces cheaper than mobile phones, and devices.

The purpose of the invention is to simplify the design, increasing reliability, reducing its production cost to create a push-button interfaces of a wide range of consumer goods.

The objective is achieved due to the fact that the user interface device, containing a base, at least one Assembly consisting of keys and means for determining the actuation of a key, the first media is the primary objective of determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, and the key is installed with the possibility of access to the outside, characterized in that it introduced the platform is installed with the possibility of displacement relative to the base, the key is installed with the possibility of it, together with the platform, offset relative to the base, first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other is installed with the option to register the displacement of the platform relative to the base, and means for determining the operation keys are made or positioned relative to the keys so that it can register the activation key in the neutral position, and/or the displacement of the platform from the neutral position, additionally, it contains at least two assemblies: first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other is made or installed with the possibility of registration specified offset in two orthogonal directions; it introduced a second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, set the option to register the displacement of the platform relative to the base in a direction orthogonal to that in which registers the displacement of the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other; the first and/or second means for determining the cm is the same elements of the device relative to each other and means for determining the actuation of keys installed on the basis of: keys installed on the base in the holes of the platform; keys installed on the platform; it is provided with a means of ensuring mutual displacement of the platform and the base due to two unrelated displacements in two orthogonal directions; the number of keys is equal to four and they are installed in a single row; the number of keys is equal to five and they are installed in a single row; key set rows; keys installed in three rows of four pieces; means providing mutual displacement of the platform and the base in only two orthogonal directions, is made in the form of two linear girolametto located orthogonal to each other and connecting the base and the platform; the contacts of the first and/or second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other are located on the inner walls of girolametto opposite each other.

The device illustrated by the drawings, which shows one of the variants of specific performance and:

figure 1 shows an external view of the device in four variant, figure 2 shows a view of the device from the top in figure 3-7 shows a view of the device removed from the separate parts, Fig-15 presents the implementation of the invention on the example of the phone, Fig-18 shows the phone with a partial slit on the side, Fig presents a conceptual variant of the interface of the remote controller, calculator, who control the music center, on Fig - concept interface pocket personal computer.

The interface of the user device in the first embodiment, the implementation consists of parts of the base 1, platform 2, on the possibility of movement on the base 1. The keys 3 are arranged in a line, they are accessed from the outside of the device between the side walls 4 of the base 1 and the platform 2 has a gap 5, enables the displacement of the platform 2 together with 3 keys relative to the base 1. Platform 2, which may consist of several parts, mounted on base 1 by means of four balls 6 (figure 3 one visible on the left of balls removed for clarity), each of which rides in elongated in one direction the holes 7. Holes 7 in the base 1 are extended in one direction, the corresponding holes 8 in the platform 2 in the direction orthogonal to the direction of the holes of the base 1, thus allows movement of the platform 2 relative to the base 1 in two orthogonal directions. When the grooves 9 limit the size of the moving platform 2 relative to the base 1, thus preventing further movement of structural members means for determining the actuation of each key 10. Means for determining the trigger 10 for each of the keys 3 are located under the keyboard 3, forming with them the Assembly, and they influence Tvout pressing these keys 3, made in the specific example in the form of balls 11.

The balls 11 are perceived appropriate pressing force and transmit it to the sensing element 12 means for determining the actuation of each key 3 ensuring the transformation of perceived effort in the circuit or disconnection of contacts, the change in the electrical resistance change of the luminous flux, electrical capacitance, inductance or other parameter that may be by known means used to correlate its signal (changes his or otherwise) with the fact of pressing or releasing the button 3. Means for determining the trigger 10 for each key 3 in the particular case attached to the parts of the platform 2 four screws 13. Platform 2 is held near the base 1 by finding its projections 14 in the slots 9 under the sidewall 15, preventing excessive displacement of the platform 2 up and in line with the location of the button elements 3. The overrunning balls up 11 prevents the plate 16, part of the platform 2 and has four holes in them the size of which is less than the diameter of the ball 11. Located under the plate 16 face plate 17 also has four holes for the balls 11 are such that they can slightly move in them. Under the balls 11 on the base 1 are sensitive ele the coefficients 12, means for determining the actuation of each key. Based on 1 near sensitive elements 12 mounted sensors 18 (in this example, contact type) first and second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other - displacement of the platform 2 relative to the base 1. Two of these sensors 18 (figure 6 left) belong to the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, registering in this case, the offset along the keys 3, the other two sensor 18 (figure 6 right) belong to the second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, the registration offset in the direction perpendicular to the first. The displacement of the platform 2, it presses the housing means for determining the actuation 10 keys on the corresponding lever 19 of the sensor 18, thereby closing the internal contacts of the sensor 18, which consequently modifies read it a setting on the contacts 20. Changing the value of the read parameter to the contacts 20 is correlated with the direction of movement of the platform 2 in a standard way, providing one correspondence between the position of the platform 2 and the parameters of the signal contacts 20 of the sensors 18. In particular, the displacement of the platform 2 along the 3 keys to the right is pressed to the contact 20 of the second left (6) Dutch is ka 18, at offset platform across 2 line key 3 into the distance from the observer pressed the contact 20 far from the sensors 18.

The Assembly consisting of the keys 3 and means for determining the operation keys 3, designed so that it can determine the actuation of the key 3 in the neutral position and the offset position of the platform 2, and 3 keys due to the fact that the displacement of the ball 11 remains within the end of the sensing element 12.

Example : device contains both four assemblies containing key 3 and the means for determining the actuation of a key, a special implementation of the holes 7 and 8 implements one embodiment of means providing mutual displacement of the platform 2 and the base 1 due to two unrelated displacements in two orthogonal directions.

The second example implementation of the device reveals its application in the phone (Fig-15). On Fig shows the device with the conventional transparent front part that allows you to show the location of the sensors 18 of the levers 19, while Central to Fig sensors belong to the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, and the lower and upper sensors 18 to the second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other. Figure 9 presents a view of devices is on the side where the base 1 may be the case or to be United with him. Platform 2 is made in the form of a plate with homelement 21 (Fig shows a vertical section of the platform 2 and the protrusions 22, providing the pressing levers 19 sensors relating to the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other. The levers 19 of the sensors 18, related to the second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, interact with the moving platform 2 the lower and upper walls of girolametto 21 (Fig), platform 2 with holes 23 for placing keys 3 (Fig, 11 of them are located in three rows).

On Fig-18 shows the phone with a partial cut side view. In this embodiment, the user interface devices, sensors included in the first and second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, is made in a flat girolametto 21, in the Central part of homelement 21 made jumper 24, caking the walls of homelement 21 at offset platform 2 relative to the base 1. At the same time on the upper part of the walls of homelement 21 inflicted contacts 25 connected by the pressure of the projections 26 homelement 21 and pressure in a certain direction on the platform 2 while holding the and place the base 1, what causes a corresponding displacement of the platform 2 relative to the base 1. The readout of the signal from these contacts 25 allows to identify the offset of the platform 2 relative to the base 1 and its direction.

On Fig presents the conceptual design of interface remote control music center, staffed with CD player, digital radio, and a reversible two-cassette tape recorder. Normal remote control of such a center has about thirty buttons. Using the present invention, the number is reduced to four, as shown in Fig. The housing may be of any convenient design.

The control center becomes intuitive. Removed the need for visual search button.

On the lower part Fig buttons from left to right: "Ear" - sound control, CD player control disks. Tuner - radio control, Tape management tape recorder. "Ear" single pressed during operation of the CD player or tape recorder enables/disables the pause mode (MUTE mode in the case of radio), clicking outside of the center's work includes his recent installations on playback.

Offset the up-down step controls the volume (“louder, quieter,” respectively). Hold in this position - Nar is the growth, the weakening of the volume.

The horizontal offset - step-by-step change of balance. Hold in this position - step-by-step through EQ modes, including the X-bass function.

"CD" - button enables/disables the playback of the player. The horizontal offset - control rewind “back and forth”. Hold horizontally - search mode APSS. Offset up - on/off repeat playback method. The offset down - go to the source VIDEO/AUX return.

"Tuner" is pressed, turns on/off the radio. The horizontal offset - go to the nearest pre-configured frequency. Offset up - enable MONO/STEREO. The offset down - turning the clock display on the display.

"Tara" - the press turns on/off the sound. The horizontal offset is rewinding the tape hold - search mode APSS. The upward shift - select the first or the second deck. The offset down - select the direction of belt movement (forward or reverse).

The POWER button is missing, enable or disable any source automatically enables/disables the centre from the network.

On Fig presents the concept of interface personal digital assistants (PDA), a set of functions that matches the standard desktop keyboard. Key 3 large size installed in two rows of five on the right Eslava of the display 27. The characters on the surface legible font size, the size of which is not inferior to what we see on the big keyboards. Due to this removed the problem of the inconvenience of working with PDA people with large fingers. Some of the auxiliary keys 28 placed on the upper part of the housing and operated by a forefinger. The input is either two hands or placing the PDA in the palm of one hand. The main part of the useful area, despite the large size of the keys 3, is occupied by the display 27, the platform 2 is located under the keyboard 3 and moves along with them.

These features perform user interface device allows a more simple and cheap means to solve the problem of input information such as text, characters, control signals in mobile phones, PDAs, panel and remote control for home appliances, computer and electronic games, etc.

1. The interface of the user device, containing a base, at least one Assembly consisting of keys and means for determining the actuation of a key, the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, and the key is installed with the possibility of access to the outside, characterized in that it introduced the platform established with vozmojnostyami relative to the base, key is installed with the possibility of its displacement together with the platform relative to the base, first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other is installed with the option to register the displacement of the platform relative to the base, and means for determining the operation keys are made or positioned relative to the keys so that it can register the activation key in the neutral position and/or displacement of the platform from the neutral position.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least two assemblies.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other is made or installed with the possibility of registration specified offset in two orthogonal directions.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it introduced a second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other, set the option to register the displacement of the platform relative to the base in a direction orthogonal to that in which registers the displacement of the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other.

5. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that it introduced a second means for determining the offset e the elements of the device relative to each other, installed with the possibility of registering the displacement of the platform relative to the base in a direction orthogonal to that in which registers the displacement of the first means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other.

6. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the first and/or second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other and means for determining the actuation of keys installed on the base.

7. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the key is installed on the base in the holes of the platform.

8. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the key is installed on the platform.

9. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it is provided with a means of ensuring mutual displacement of the platform and the base due to two unrelated displacements in two orthogonal directions.

10. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the number of keys is equal to four and they are installed in a single row.

11. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the number of keys is equal to five and they are installed in a single row.

12. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the key is installed.

13. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the key installed in three rows look no further than the pieces.

14. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it is provided with a means of ensuring mutual displacement of the platform and the base due to two unrelated displacements in two orthogonal directions, is made in the form of two linear girolametto located orthogonal to each other and connecting the base and the platform.

15. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it is provided with a means of ensuring mutual displacement of the platform and the base due to two unrelated displacements in two orthogonal directions, is made in the form of two linear girolametto located orthogonal to each other and connecting the base and the platform, and the contacts of the first and/or second means for determining the displacement of the elements of the device relative to each other are located on the inner walls of girolametto opposite each other.



 

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