Hoisting and lifting and hauling (B66)

B66            Hoisting; lifting; hauling(22754)

Underwater winch probe // 2642677
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: underwater winch probe comprises a body with complex of measuring devices, a system for reception-transmission of information with radio communication equipment, a control system, electric power supply system, surfacing-immersion system made with the winch, to which drum a carrying cable is attached by one end connected by its other end to fixed or movable support in water so, that when the carrier cable is unwound from the drum, the probe moves upwards from the support under the action of its positive buoyancy, and when the carrier cable is wound on the drum, the probe moves to the support. In this case, in the durable body made in the form of a streamlined shape, an electric drive of the winch is placed, which shaft is connected to the which shaft fixed by means of radial-thrust bearing in the cover of the durable body and leaving the durable body outwards. The drum is mounted on the outer part of the winch shaft for reciprocating motion along the winch shaft by means of a rotary slide block installed directly in the drum and engaged with closed screw groove made on the winch shaft surface. The drum is locked against rotation around the winch shaft by means of at least one guide mounted on the durable body cover and freely passing through the drum body parallel to the axis of the winch shaft, wherein the guide functions for supporting the outer end of the winch shaft by means of a bearing. A carrier on outer end of the winch shaft behind supporting bearing is provided with guide roller for carrying the cable, one end of which is fixed to the drum, and a channel for passing this cable. The carrier is mounted so that it rotates with winch shaft which provides winding of the carrier cable on the drum and its unwinding from the drum during reversing motion of the drum along the winch shaft.EFFECT: expansion of technical means, providing reliable functioning of underwater winch probe for a long period of time due to its compact and convenient structure which ensures uniform laying of the carrying cable during its winding on the winch drum.2 cl, 8 dwg

Remote control system of machine with mast attachment // 2642026
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: radio control system of the machine with boom equipment contains a wireless remote control (1), a data transmission unit (12), an electronic safety key (18). The remote control (1) contains a joystick (4), a three-axis acceleration sensor (11) for detecting the falling, rolling or hitting of the remote (1), as well as the working orientation of the console (1) in space. If the signal from the button or the joystick (4) is lost at the input of the controller (2), the controller (2) ceases to generate activation signals for the drives of the machine's mechanisms and stops working movements. The remote control (1) contains the "dead body" sensors integrated in its controls, adapted to determine that the remote control is in the hands of the operator. The controller (2) of the remote control (1) is configured to block the transmission of commands for controlling the work movements of the machine through all communication channels before moving the joystick (4) to the neutral position.EFFECT: increased security.5 cl, 1 dwg

oving bed system for escalator or travolator // 2641566
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: moving bed module for escalator or travolator has at least two support structures and at least one guide rail. Each support structure includes at least two supports (66A, 66B) and at least one cross tie (67), wherein the cross tie (67) is located between at least two supports (66A, 66B) and connects them to each other. Each support (66A, 66B) has a base fastening zone (68) which is fixed to the support structure (51) in the mounted state. Further, on each support (66A, 66B), a balustrade fastening zone (85) is formed in which at least one part of the balustrade (57A, 57B) is fixed in the mounted state, so that the static and dynamic loads acting on the balustrade (57A, 57B) can be transmitted directly through the supports (66A, 66B) to the support structure (51). The module is a part of the escalator or travolator and is used in the implementation of their installation method, as well as their modernization method.EFFECT: increased reliability.15 cl, 4 dwg

Crane controller // 2641395
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: crane controller for a loading crane is proposed, having a first operating mode, in which the user has the possibility of freely controlling the crane by means of control commands, and a second, user-activated, operating mode, in which it is possible to change the crane geometry by the crane controller in a predetermined series of movements. The crane controller has a menu-driven user interface (3). The interface (3) has a user-selectable function (4, 5), through which the crane control passes from the first to the second operating mode. A crane and a car with a crane are also proposed.EFFECT: changing the crane geometry in a predetermined series of movements for switching the crane from the parking mode to the operating mode and back.24 cl, 20 dwg
Device, method and application versions for useful load control // 2641390
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: control device comprises a transverse rope assembly comprising a drive mechanism of a transverse rope, a retractable pulley, and a transverse rope. The retractable pulley of the transverse rope can be moved to a position in which said pulley is either spaced from or in contact with the load rope, or is in contact with the load rope without changing its trajectory. The retractable pulley can also be moved to another position, so that it comes into connection with the load rope and changes its trajectory. Thus, when a surface vessel settles in the heave situation, the retractable pulley moves to increase the trajectory length, which results in shortening the rope length, and, therefore, preventing the load settlement.EFFECT: load securing reliability.14 cl, 27 dwg

Lifting device for highly installed equipment // 2640942
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: lifting device is described that includes a main body disposed at a predetermined height and comprising a hollow drum, around which the cable is wound, and a drive motor arranged to exert a rotational force on the drum, a movable body suspended from the cable and comprising a unit for a connection unit disposed at a lower portion of the main body and comprising a containment structure with an open lower part for connection to the movable body, and a latch mounted in the receiving structure to fix the movable body. The device also comprises an upper contact portion and a lower contact portion disposed respectively in the main body and the movable body so as to contact each other when the movable body is raised and connected to the main body as a result of winding the cable. The drum is disposed so as to be disposed downwardly in the main body, the cable being unwound from the drum passing through the drum cavity and being connected to the movable body, and when connecting the main body to the movable body, the upper contact portion and the lower contact portion are contacted with each other in the drum cavity.EFFECT: elimination of equipment fluctuations.12 cl, 10 dwg

Control device of brake solenoid coil // 2640939
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: brake solenoid coil control device contains an electronic switch (8), self-induction e.m.f. limiter (11), electronic switch driver (15), rectifier (3). The first (16) and second (17) rectifier (3) inputs through the first and second contacts (20, 21) of the electromagnetic relay are connected to the AC network. The first output (2) of the rectifier (3) is connected to the first terminal (4) of the brake solenoid coil (5). The common output (6) of the rectifier (3) is connected to the common terminal (7) of the electronic switch (8) connected by the output (9) to the second terminal (10) of the brake solenoid coil (5). The self-induction e.m.f. limiter (11) is parallel connected to the coil (5). The input (12) and the common output (7) of the electronic switch (8) are connected to the output (13) and the common terminal (14) of the electronic switch driver (15), respectively. The first (18) and second (19) inputs of the electronic switch driver (15), respectively, are connected to the AC network through the first (20) and second (21) contacts of the electromagnetic relay. In this case, the response time of the electronic switch driver (15) is longer than the time during which the electromagnetic relay contacts bounce (20, 21), and the rise and fall time of the signal at its output does not exceed the time that limits the safe operation area of the electronic switch.EFFECT: fast disconnection of the brake coil over a two-wire line, rather than a four-wire line, following safety and electromagnetic compatibility with other elevator electronic devices.2 dwg

Door connecting device with unloading of landing door latch // 2640434
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device (1) for synchronously activating and locking the lift doors located in the direction of the passage, for example, a lift-car door and a landing door, comprises driven runners (4a, 4b) fixed to the first door, the distance of which relative to each other is variable in order to connect the first door with the second door and open both doors together and the device is connected to the linear drive moving the doors in the direction of opening or closing. The linear drive actuates at least one of the driven runners (4a) by means of a motion transducer. The motion transducer is configured in such a way that the mentioned driven runner (4a) (the so-called active driven runner) at least briefly presses the second door during its unlocking in the closing direction so that the latch retaining the second door is unloaded, although the linear drive is already moving in the opening direction.EFFECT: increased reliability of locking the doors.15 cl, 13 dwg

Chain wheel of elevator chain or guide wheel with increased service time // 2640374
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an escalator with a stairway or to a moving sidewalk with a pallet belt. The stairway or the pallet belt comprises at least one articulated chain (8) which, at theoretically equal distances between the engagement points, comprises successively located engagement points (27). The escalator or moving sidewalk comprises a first deflecting area and a second deflecting area with at least one gear wheel (14) of the elevator chain. At least one articulated chain is rotatably arranged between the deflecting areas, and the engagement points (27) are engaged with depressions (22) between the teeth of the chain wheel (14) of the elevator chain and at least in the depressions (22) between the teeth of a single guide gear wheel arranged in the first deflecting area. At least one chain wheel (14) of the elevator chain and/or at least one guide gear wheel has the dividing circumference (23) with the division (T) corresponding to the depressions (22) between the teeth, which corresponds to half of the distance (e) of the engaging points of the articulated chain (8).EFFECT: increasing the service life of an escalator or a moving sidewalk.15 cl, 6 dwg

Device for disassembly of emergency wall panels // 2639935
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for disassembly of the emergency wall panels contains a metal frame formed by longitudinal and transverse beams made of channels welded together. The longitudinal beams are fitted with lifting loops located between the transverse beams with eccentricity relative to the vertical axis of device symmetry and a guard mesh made of plain arms rigidly fixed from the inside of the metal frame. When operating the device, two metal frames are used, which are interconnected by tie rods installed in holes coaxially formed in the longitudinal and transverse beams of each metal frame and in a wall panel.EFFECT: possibility of selective disassembly of enclosure wall panels during the reconstruction or overhaul of industrial buildings, including those that are in a dangerous condition, improving the safety of the process of selective disassembly of emergency wall panels and reducing costs during assembly work.2 cl, 4 dwg

Gripping device for cargo transportation equipment and crane // 2639014
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device (102, 202) comprises an optical distance measuring device (104, 204, 304) and fastening means (106, 206, 306a-306c) that elastically attach the optical distance measurement device (104, 204, 304) to the gripping device. The fastening means comprise an upper part and two hollow support pieces extending downwardly from the upper part in a vertical direction and having elastic parts at their lower ends. The optical device is attached to the fastening means by means of the said elastic parts. The gripping device (102, 202) may be provided in a crane, such as a jib crane, a bridge crane, a container crane or a gantry crane.EFFECT: reduced vibration and accuracy of a constant level when moving a container.21 cl, 11 dwg

Technological vehicle with monitoring system for observing vehicle position // 2638659
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises an above-ground device and transverse ground supports movable between retracted positions and extended operating positions, in which the ends of the supports rest on the ground. The vehicle contains a surveillance system for monitoring the position of the vehicle. The system contains surveillance cameras on the sides of the vehicle, each camera designed for one support to observe the area of the ground, on which the end of this support rests in the operating position, and to shoot the image in real time of the corresponding area of the earth. The system also contains a visual display that represents images from all cameras simultaneously in different areas of the screen, onto which visual marks are placed representing the expected operational positions of the supports.EFFECT: simplification of positioning the supports in conditions of poor visibility without the human presence.12 cl, 3 dwg

Lifting device // 2638407
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device (1) comprises a base element (2), an upper element (3), and at least one intermediate element (4). Each element has a screw thread which interacts with the corresponding screw thread of the adjacent element. A drive means is provided to move the mentioned elements to thereby raise or lower the upper surface (6) of the lifting device (1). The intermediate element (4) can rotate during operation of the drive means, wherein the rotational movement of the upper and lower surfaces is preferably prevented. It is possible to simultaneously control several lifting devices (1) for lifting or lowering a load or another object.EFFECT: increased safety of operation.10 cl, 8 dwg

Crane // 2638405
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: crane includes a base (12) to position the crane (10), a main beam (14) pivotally connected with the specified base (12), an articulated member (16) pivotally connected to the main beam (14), a drive cylinder (30) to move the specified main beam (14) relative to the base (12), the second actuator cylinder (30) to move the articulated beam (16) relative to the main beam (14) and a pressure cylinder (54) connected to one drive cylinder (30), configured to follow this driving cylinder (30) to create pressure for the second drive cylinder (30). The said pressure cylinder (54) is configured to form a substantially coaxial multi-chamber cylinder (26) with a driving cylinder (30) following it.EFFECT: simplifying the design of the crane.13 cl, 9 dwg
Guiding sliding elevator shoe // 2638336
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: guiding sliding elevator shoe for transporting people or loads comprises a shoe body (5) and a two-part sleeve (6) inserted in the shoe body (5) for guiding the elevator car along the longitudinally extending (z) rail conductor. The sleeve (6) comprises a sliding element (8) which is connected to the bearing element (7) in such a way that it can be removed laterally in the longitudinal direction (z) from the guiding sliding shoe (4). In this case, the sliding element (8) can be inserted into the bearing element (7) or removed from it only from the longitudinal side (20).EFFECT: simplified shoe operation.12 cl, 10 dwg

Crane platform for loading crane // 2638058
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: platform (1) for a loading crane (6) includes a base portion (2) that has a bearing area (21) for mounting the loading crane (6) on the bearings of a rotating part (7), at least one supporting portion (3) which serves for additional support of the crane platform (1) to a lower structure (8), a hinge (4) which connects the base portion (2) to each other and at least one said supporting portion (3). The hinge (4) is made in the form of a torsion-elastic beam (5). The one end (51) of this beam (5) is connected to the base portion (2) and the other end (52) the beam (5) is connected to at least one supporting portion (3).EFFECT: simplification of design.4 cl, 10 dwg

Lifting crane, bridge or gantry, with, at least, two girder beams // 2637715
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: crane has, at least, two horizontal grid girder beams, each of which contains an upper belt, on which a load carriage rests with the possibility of moving. The upper belt is made up of two longitudinal profiles, and each of the passing beams is additionally provided with a guide carrying the above-mentioned freight trolley. The guide connects the longitudinal profiles of the upper belt in one piece.EFFECT: simplifying the design of the girder beam, simplifying its manufacture and reducing the cost of the beam.22 cl, 2 dwg

Device for automated lubrication of hauling chains of lifting-transport mechanisms (versions) // 2637704
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device for automated lubrication of traction chains of lifting-and-transporting mechanisms relates to equipment designed for automated lubrication of traction chains of lifting-and-transporting mechanisms (escalators, moving walkways, conveyors) of various objects by means of feeding strictly metered portions of a liquid lubricant to necessary lubrication points. The maintenance of the traction chains of the lifting-and-transporting mechanisms 9 at the facility is carried out alternately by moving the movable part of the device from one lifting-and-transporting mechanism 9 to another. In the first version of the claimed device, dispensing injectors 2 of the movable part are installed above the right and the left traction chain of the lifting-and-transporting mechanism 9, using the brackets 10. The traction chain position sensor 4 of the lifting-and-transporting mechanism 9 is connected to the input of the power supply and control unit 5 via a flexible cable 8 with a connector. When starting the lifting-and-transporting mechanism 9, signals from the traction chain position sensor 4 come at the input of the control unit 5, and after accelerating the lifting-and-transporting mechanism 9 to a constant speed, a signal of turning on the automatic lubrication mode of the traction chains is generated. Wherein the lubricant injection occurs when the lifting-and-transporting mechanism 9 moves on the main drive, including under the passenger load. The second version of the claimed device is designed for use at facilities with several lifting-and-transporting mechanisms, the access to the lubrication point locations of the traction chains of which during the operation is impeded. According to the second version, dispensing injectors 2 of the lubricant, with pipelines approaching to them, which are equipped with standard quick-release docking units 13, to which, while servicing a particular lifting-and-transporting mechanism, a docking unit 11 of the movable device part is docked, are included in the stationary device part composition.EFFECT: increased reliability, improved operating conditions.8 cl, 2 dwg

Friction drive of vertical hoist carriage // 2637702
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: drive includes a pipe (2) passing through the carriage housing (1), vertically mounted in supports (3) in the lower and the upper beams (4, 5) of the hoist, rollers (6) interacting with the pipe (2), arranged radially and inclined at the same angle to the pipe (2) axis with the ability to change the clamping force applied to the latter in proportion to the weight of a load transported on the platform connected with the carriage housing. The drive includes at least two equal-arm rockers (8) arranged diametrically around the pipe (2), located inside the carriage housing (1), provided with axes mirror-mounted in the rocker edges (8), crossing perpendicularly with the pipe axis (2). In the central part of one rocker, a groove is made on one side, and a projection on the opposite side, interacting with the projection and the groove of the other rocker, respectively. Within each arm of the rocker (8), at least eight rollers (6) are installed, by two pairs, one above the other, on axes rigidly fixed in the rocker edges, with the possibility of contact with the pipe (2) and retaining on its surface by means of stretching efforts of springs (14) attached to the ends of the axes (9) of the rockers (8). Changing the force of clamping the rollers (6) against the pipe (2) proportionally to the weight of the load by means of shackles (15) hinging the carriage body (1) with the rockers (8) and arranged at an angle to the horizontal plane.EFFECT: creating a simple frictional drive of the hoist carriage, ensuring its long-term operation.8 dwg

obile radiographic control system and lifting device for mobile radiographic control system // 2637583
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: lifting device for a mobile radiographic control system comprises a drive motor and, at least, two screw lifts. The drive motor is connected by means of a transmission to each of the screw lifts, and the lower end of the lifting screw rod is connected to a radiographic control device. The lifting device further comprises an assembly that is adapted to connect the lifting device to the vehicle for movement of the mobile radiographic control system.EFFECT: simplicity of installation, compact design, stability of adjustment and improved applicability.9 cl, 7 dwg

achine for extraction of material from mine car, implemented on basis of the lifting mechanism with steel rope // 2637062
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: machine is made on the basis of a lifting mechanism with a steel rope, and contains a material grasping mechanism (1) for grasping the material to grasp the material in mine car (6), a lifting mechanism (2) connected to the material grasping mechanism (1) and controlling the lifting mechanism (1), a rotary support mechanism (3) connected to the lifting mechanism (2) and used to control the rotation of material grasping mechanism (1) in a horizontal plane, and a translation mechanism (5) used to fix the rotation support mechanism and movement in vertical and horizontal directions. Hydraulic pump station (4), containing a power source, is located on the translation mechanism (5). In this machine for material extraction, the steel rope is used as an actuation element of the lifting mechanism.EFFECT: compact design, efficiency in operation.2 cl, dwg

Elevator // 2637059
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: elevator truck moves along the guide, and a cable moves along the guide to the elevator truck and is directed by a cable truck with a deflection device which moves behind the elevator truck. The cable truck is not located below the elevator truck while the elevator truck is located on the ground elevator station.EFFECT: improving the performance characteristics of the elevator.7 cl, 7 dwg

Electromechanical braking system of hoisting plant // 2636833
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electromechanical braking system of hoisting plant comprises an engine control system, a switched reluctance motor (1), a brake drum (7), two spring-loaded brake pads (4) on the connecting rod (8), sensors (9, 10), a comparison unit (13), current sensors (18), a pulse width converter (16), a valve switch (15), a correction device (17). Rotation of console and its interaction area with the drum (7) by an angle of 18 degrees, a deceleration sensor (10), a force sensor (9), a screw pair (2), comparators (11, 12) are additionally introduced to the system. A braking effort control unit (14) is connected to the first input of the valve switch (15), which output is connected with the switched reluctance motor (1), the first output of the switched reluctance motor (1) by means of the screw pair (2) is connected with lever of the brake module, the output of the brake drum (7) is connected with the deceleration sensor (10), the force sensor (9), generated deceleration and force signals are transmitted to the inputs of the comparators (11, 12), their outputs are connected to the input of the comparison unit (13), DC voltage from the valve switch (15) powers the switched reluctance motor (1), the second output of the switched reluctance motor (1) is connected to the inputs of the current sensors (18), which outputs are connected to the inputs of the valve switch (15) by sequentially connected correction device (17) and pulse width converter (16).EFFECT: reduced energy consumption, increased positional accuracy, increased efficiency of operation.1 dwg

Steep incline conveyor unit for open working // 2636634
FIELD: mining engineering.SUBSTANCE: steep incline conveyor unit (1) contains a route (14) fixed on an inclined slope (10) of an open working. A first and a second lifting cages (15, 16) are movable along the route (14) between the lower level (12) and the upper level (13). The lifting cages (15, 16) are connected together by a common traction device (17). In the region of the lower level (12) of the route (14), there is a loading device (18) provided for filling the lifting cages (15, 16) with minerals (11) through a loading opening (21) from vehicles (19). The lifting cages (15, 16) comprise an discharge opening (23) located below the loading opening (21). It is possible to unload the minerals (11) from the lifting cages (15, 16) without changing their position through the discharge opening.EFFECT: possibility to load cages with transported mass equal to the load of the feeding vehicle.16 cl, 13 dwg

ethod of subtracting and adding angular velocities of two engines // 2636444
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method is based on the use of a two-shaft interconnection system. The two-shaft interconnection system has an input shaft (1) and an output shaft (2) interconnected by gears. A wheel (7) is fixed on the output shaft (2). On the wheel (7), there are axes (11) configured for rotation. The gears (4 and 5) are fixed on axes (11). During shaft rotation (1), a gear (12) fixed on the shaft (1) rotates gears (4). The gears (5) rotate together with the gears (4). When the shaft is rotating (2), the wheel (7) rotates together with axes (11), and gear (6) receives additional torque through the gear (5). The gear (6) adds or subtracts angular velocities of the shafts (1, 2). A bevel gear (6) is fixed on a gear (8). The torque from gear (8) through a bevel gear (9) is transmitted to a shaft (3). When the shaft (1) and the shaft (2) are rotated in different directions, the angular velocities are subtracted. The resulting speed on the shaft (3) and rotation direction will depend on the ratio of gear diameters. The variation of speed difference between the shaft (1) and the shaft (2) entails a speed change on the shaft (3).EFFECT: simplification of the device.5 dwg

Improved pulley for high-efficient winch // 2635436
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: improved winch pulley (2) contacts at least one portion of the winch (1) from the input portion (11) connected to the work load to the outlet portion (12) with minimum or zero tension, such pulley (2) comprising kinematic chain of peripheral supports (3).EFFECT: reduction of energy losses due to friction and reduced rope wear.7 cl, 13 dwg

Guide bar for running guide of escalator or travolator // 2634753
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: running guide 56A, 56B for an escalator or a travolator includes at least a flat bearing surface 81, 81' with the raceway 82, 82' for the rollers 74, in particular for the supporting rollers of a stair or stepless floor 58 of the escalator or travolator and, at least, a guide bar 90, 90' with a lateral surface for laterally guiding these rollers 74. The guide bar 90, 90' consists of separate parts located on the running guide.EFFECT: reducing the manufacturing cost of an escalator or a travolator structure.15 cl, 9 dwg

Device to connect first and second extended elements // 2634604
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: connection device (1) for connecting a first and a second elongated elements (2, 4) comprises a first connecting element (3) configured to be fastened to the first elongated element (2), a second connecting element (7) configured to be fastened to the second elongated element (4), and a linking element (5) for connecting the first and second connecting elements (3, 7) to each other. The connecting elements are made with an outer surface having a slight curvature to maintain a layer of the elongated element above and adjacent to a drum. A method for connecting the first and second elongated elements (2, 4) using the connection device (1) is also disclosed.EFFECT: improvement of the elongated element winding on the drum, reduction of destructive force.13 cl, 8 dwg

Hoisting plant // 2634602
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: hoisting plant comprises a hoisting machine with friction multi-grooved drive friction pulleys mounted on the surface, and lifting vessels moving by means of ropes. The plant is additionally equipped with a hoisting machine installed at the design depth of a wellbore and a guide friction multi-grooved idler pulley located in the middle of the wellbore. The lifting vessels are equipped with a tooth comb fixed on their side walls, and on the branches of the same side-by-side ropes, wire-rope clamps are mounted with a pitch equal to the pitch of the comb teeth. The ropes of the hoisting machine installed on the surface bypass the guide friction multi-grooved idler pulley from below, and the ropes of the hoisting machine installed at the design depth of a wellbore bypass it from above.EFFECT: increasing the load hoisting depth, the hoisting plant can provide a hoisting depth of more than 3,200 metres.4 dwg

Load gripper for lifting underwater object lying on sea bottom // 2634599
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: load gripper comprises clamshell snappers having a profile similar to the profile of the underwater object housing, a cargo frame with brackets and linkage mechanisms attached to it for contracting and spreading the clamshell snappers, the clamshell snappers mounted on the brackets to rotate about the horizontal axis are connected to the cargo frame via the brackets, drives and hydraulic system for soil erosion. The linkage mechanisms are made in the form of a set of two rods hingedly connected to the clamshell snappers, and traverse hingedly connecting the rods to each other and connected to the stock of the drives. The drives are made hydraulic. The device is equipped with stone-crushing attachments located in the area of the clamshell snapper ends and attached to them, as well as a tracking system connected to hydraulic drives, to the hydraulic system for soil erosion, to the stone-crushing attachments and to a control panel introduced into the device.EFFECT: snug fit of the clamshell snappers to the housing of the underwater object lying on the sea bottom, a reliable grip of the housing by them in the process of lifting the object, and an increase in the efficiency of the work due to a reduction in the amount of work on soil erosion around the housing.2 dwg
ethod for tank unloading // 2634158
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: tanks are prepared for unloading by installing guide pipes to the walls under the top of the tanks, and by fixing a grid or a tray with the load by slings with swivel rings to cross-beams with rollers, and lifting and moving of the load is carried out by a fixed rope loop behind the sling with the help of the lifting device, and at that the load is removed from the tank through hatch.EFFECT: simplicity, availability and efficiency of load lifting in confined space.2 dwg

Grapple // 2633814
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: grapple comprises an attaching part (3) and a connecting part (4) mounted on the attaching part with the possibility of guided movement along the axis (5) between the first (E1) and the second (E2) limit positions. On the attaching part (3) there are two retainers (7) moving between the gripping position (G), in which they grip by the reverse grip a counter element (9) of the load (2) with the back surface of the stop (8), and the open position (F), in which they release the counter element. The attaching part (3) is connected to two retainers (7) by means of the transmission mechanism (10) in such a way that in the first limit position (E1), the retainers are in the gripping position (G), and in the second limit position (E2), the retainers are in the open position (F). The retainers (7) are located at the same distance from each other along an imaginary circle (13) described around the central longitudinal axis (6) of the grapple, parallel to the displacement axis (5). In the gripping position (G), the distance (14) between the retainers (7) and the central longitudinal axis (5) is greater than in the open position (F).EFFECT: possibility of arranging loads in the positions predetermined by height under visually uncontrolled conditions.17 cl, 5 dwg

Rocker assembly // 2632609
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: excavator comprises a bucket, a winch cable supporting the bucket, and a rocker assembly. The rocker assembly comprises a rocker configured to be connected to the bucket and a balance beam comprising an installation unit configured to receive a part of the winch cable. The rocker can rotate around the rocker axis and has the flat surface. The balance beam is hingedly connected to the rocker. The balance beam can rotate around the balance beam axis, which is parallel to the flat surface of the rocker arm and is offset from the flat surface.EFFECT: simplified design and increased productivity.26 cl, 11 dwg

Transmission stand // 2632554
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: transmission stand contains a support, legs, a vertical telescopic shaft, a device to clamp parts. There is a support area at the top of a stationary part of the telescopic shaft and spreading triangular spacers mounted thereto which are pivotally mounted relative to the support area and having friction material lining on a thrust surface.EFFECT: structure simplification, improvement of stability and prevention of injuries to people working in a pit.2 dwg

Shutoff sliding device // 2632318
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: locking jack comprises a housing 101, a support member within the housing 101, a piston 105 slidably disposed in the housing 101 around the support element, a piston extension means 105, a means for drawing the piston 105 into the housing 101, and a locking mechanism for releasably locking the piston of the support element. The locking mechanism comprises at least one stop element disposed in a locking engagement with the piston 105. The piston 105 is movable in one longitudinal direction with respect to the body 101. The locking mechanism comprises an elongate element disposed within the support member configured to insert and remove the locking elements in and out of the locking connection with the piston 105 via a mutual engagement mechanism.EFFECT: safe lifting and holding of cargo.30 cl, 5 dwg

Crane // 2631732
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: crane has a crane mast (1) and a high seat (2), mounted on the crane mast (1), and a roof (3) of the high seat. A transposition device (8) is provided, with which the roof (3) of the high seat can be moved relatively to the high seat (2) between the starting position and the operating position. The roof (3) of the high seat in the starting position is closer to the crane mast (1) and/or crane boom than in the operation position.EFFECT: more compact crane shape in the starting position.5 cl, 66 dwg

Crane // 2631363
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: tower crane comprises a boom rotating around the vertical rotation axis of the turning part, and a brake acting in the non-operating state of the crane, which limits and slows the boom rotation of the crane in the non-operating state. The brake acting in the non-operating state of the crane is made with the possibility to operate in the rotational dependence on speed in such a way that at increasing the crane rotation speed the applied braking torque is greater than at a lower crane rotation speed.EFFECT: improvement of the crane design.20 cl, 11 dwg

Stand frame of cargolift // 2631095
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: stand frame of a cargolift consists of horizontal beams and vertical racks fastened together, made of profile pipes in the form of several identical rectangular belts equipped with profile windows from segments of horizontally fixed profile pipes. The extreme belts form the entrance and exit apertures, and all of them together and horizontal beams - a wide volume-closed power circuit of stiffness and strength of the lift stand.EFFECT: increase in stiffness and strength of the stand frame for expansion of its operational capabilities, contains a smaller range and quantity of parts, reduces the cost of manufacturing, transportation and installation with increased unification of production and can be used in lifts for the vertical movement of heavy loads.3 dwg
Cargo elevator // 2631094
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: cargo elevator containing a shaft, a load carrier and a device for its orientation therein, in which the shaft is made of shaped tubes, preferably of a square profile, the load carrier HAS the form of a cargo platform, and the device for load platform orientation is designed as carriages fixed to two top and bottom levels of the load carrier at an angle of 45 degrees to its longitudinal axis, the carriage comprises a body and an axle with two wheels, provided with bearings and made with conical surfaces, interacting with adjacent planes of profiled shaft racks.EFFECT: possibility of loads reduction, wear reduction on wheels and guides in the cargo platform orientation system, elevator design simplification, reduced metal consumption and manufacturing costs while improving reliability by combining shaft parts functions.3 dwg

ethod for operation of cargo towing winch and cargo towing winch // 2630266
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: cargo hook is connected to the cable through the slotted compression spring. At that the adjacent open gearbox bodies and winch drum assemblies are formed by three parallel sidewalls, one of which is common to these bodies.EFFECT: inventions provide elimination of peaks of dynamic loads on the teeth of the reducer gears and on the drum cable.2 cl, 7 dwg

Elevator with electric drive of electric linear motor // 2630011
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: elevator contains a stator (1), vertically located inside the elevator shaft, consisting of two staggered oppositely mounted parts, a drive winding (6) of which is fed from the AC power source with frequency and voltage adjusted by converter (11), and a movable part (9) containing permanent magnets (21) of rare-earth materials directly connected to the elevator car (10). A new thing in the elevator is that the connection between the elevator car and the control station is provided with the radio channel of duplex radio communication. The elevator car electrical devices power supply is provided with the accumulator battery (15). The position of the elevator car is continuously monitored by a laser ruler (14). The car is stopped on the floor by magnetic means, without wear of mechanical parts. By using a linear motor, the mobile part of which is mechanically connected to the elevator car, the car position sensor in form of a laser ruler gets an opportunity to eliminate counterweights, cables, track floor sensors.EFFECT: simplification of design, greater reliability, higher efficiency, improved compactness.4 cl, 4 dwg

Pipe-layer crane control method // 2629998
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: during the control, the operation of the assembled pipe string capturing is performed, vertically move the pipes by means of the rope pulley block, horizontally move the pipeline by derricking. The derricking operation is performed with the help of the power hydraulic cylinder in combination with the guide slot and the tie rod, connecting the guide slot hinge with the boom top hinge.EFFECT: crane efficiency increase.2 dwg
Hydraulic actuator of a premierly mobile unit with a rolling part // 2629763
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic actuator comprises a control system including detectors pressure sensors longitudinal and transverse leveling mounted on the chassis front and rear hydraulic cylinders (DG) and the pump unit (AT) with a tank, three position solenoid operated gidroraspredediteli (TG). Signaling pressure hydraulically connected to the piston cavities DG. The pump unit through a first Tg, and a pressure discharge line fluidly connected with the piston rod and the cavities, lift cylinder swash portion (QP) and through the control system electrically connected to said sensors leveling. Hydraulic comprises unilateral hydrolocks respectively and the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder lifting CN cavities which are formed each with the possibility of fixing in the open position by a ball-lock control pressure when feeding from the HA via a first Tg. The front of the GD are capable of fluid communication with the AT through the second TG, and the rear of the GD - in the third and fourth, respectively, TG. The pressure detectors and temperature compensators are connected to the lines connecting the piston with the respective cavity DG TG. The temperature compensator is hydraulically connected with the rod end of the corresponding GD. DG configured gidrovintovym actuator comprising a motor, a mechanism kinematically coupled with the screw pair configured to provide fixation DG in the working position of the mobile unit. Hydraulic fluid communication has the ability to NA through the fifth TG. Hydraulic drive provides two-position directional control valve, solenoid operated, through which the piston cavity DG additionally have the opportunity to messages through AT blocking check valves and configured to determine the flow rate limiters. In the embodiment kachayuschasya part configured to set the transport and launch container (TLC). The latest version may contain a hydraulic hydromechanical locking device in the transport position, respectively, CN and TLC.EFFECT: enhanced functionality and reliability of a hydraulic drive of the mobile unit with the swinging part, precision leveling of the chassis.5 cl, 12 dwg

ethod of replacement of crane rope // 2629549
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: traverse is lowered down and installed on the technological stand. A new rope and technological halyon is unwound on the site. Removing the clamping elements connecting the old rope with the traverse. Its ends are connected with a new rope and technological halyard. The lifting mechanism of the crane is a new rope and technological halyard along a given route through all movable and immovable block blocks. At the top, a new rope and technological halyard are connected to each other and attached to the crane structures. On the drum, the clamps holding the old rope are removed and the crane lifting mechanism is pushed down. Installing a technological unit in the threaded hole of one of the released clamps. Connected new rope and technological halyard free from attachment to the structure of the crane, are entered into the stream of the technological block. Then manually or with the help of the power device a new rope is made along the whole path. As a power device, the lifting mechanism of the crane is used, securing the technological unit to the truck and installing an additional technological unit on the traverse.EFFECT: reduced labour intensity.2 cl, 3 dwg

Jack // 2628033
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: jack contains a housing wherein a power and a control pistons are installed. A screw with a conical heel and nonlocking thread, interacting with the power rod, is installed on the rod of the control piston with the possibility of rotation. The screw with the conical heal through the control piston is pressed by a spring to the housing and thus braked. A glass is rigidly mounted on the power rod, interacting with the housing by a spline connection. A groove is made in the spline connection, in which the signal rod is mounted connected to the housing by a damper and intercating with the stops made in the glass.EFFECT: increased reliability, simplified design and expansed functionality.2 cl, 3 dwg

Automatic control method // 2627949
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: while controlling and evaluating the elevator plant operation the cargo is weighed by means of a weighing machine (6). The total weight, determined on site in the elevator plant, where the maintenance works are performed, is transferred to the portable control console (5) through the data transmitter (7), included in the weighing machine (6). The total determined weight, connected to the cargos positioned into the elevator cabin (2) is transferred to the cargo weighing device (1) by means of the data receiver-transmitter, included in the portable control console (5). The control signals, connected with the control and maintenance tasks transmitted from the portable control console (5), are received by the data receiver-transmitter (4), included in the cargo weighing device (1) as the response to the operating parameters of the elevator cabin (2), loaded by the total determined weights. The automatic device for controlling and evaluating the elevator plant operation is also proposed.EFFECT: increased safety.4 cl, 1 dwg

Traction elevator without compartment for drive mechanism // 2627248
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the traction elevator (10), including the cab (12) mounted movably on at least two cabin guide rails in the vertical direction, the counterweight (14) movably mounted on at least two guide rails (20, 22) of the counterweight in the vertical direction, at least one bearing facility, which connects the cab (12) and the counterweight (14) and the traction sheave drive for driving the mentioned at least one bearing facility, at that the drive (28) of the traction sheave includes the traction sheave (30), by which at least one bearing facility is guided, and at that the drive (28) of the traction sheave is installed on the cross beam (40). The cross beam (40) is fixed at least at one of the cab guide rails (16, 18) and also has at least one wall fixation (46, 48) for fastening the cross beam (40) to the wall (52) of the elevator well (50). The mentioned at least one wall fixation (46, 48) is formed with the form closure in the horizontal direction (Y) perpendicular to the vertical direction and to the wall, and in the vertical direction it permits the relative movement between the cross beam (40) and the wall (52).EFFECT: increase of the elevator design reliability.14 cl, 9 dwg

Load lifting crane with aerodynamic balancing // 2627225
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: lifting crane contains a pneumon-blow tower made of rolled material with a boom horizontally mounted on the top and standing on the self-propelled chassis. The lifted load is counterbalanced by the moving ballast weight moving along the boom. The tower stability is provided by four propeller rotor units.EFFECT: improved crane balancing.4 cl; 3 dwg

Heat-saving device for load handling unit // 2627223
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device contains a crane lifting device, a heat-resistant transparent box with stiffness ribs fixed on the suspension or with heat-resistant elements and reinforced with double-sided linings. Also the box is provided with through upper and/or lower grooves.EFFECT: creation of heat-saving device for load handling unit.1 dwg

ethod for evaluating weight of load lifted and/or moved by lifting-transport device // 2626791
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: for evaluating the weight of the load lifted by the lifting and transporting device, a measuring device is used, the magnetic field strength created by a DC traction motor, proportional to the load weight, is measured, the scale of the measuring device is calibrated in weight units.EFFECT: accuracy of load weight evaluation.3 dwg