Water supply and sewerage (E03)

E   Fixed constructions(157762)
E03            Water supply; sewerage(2651)

ethod of water well regeneration // 2628428
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: sealing of well with pneumatic plug at static level depth after which the mechanical colmatant is destroyed by pumping the water well. Subsequent washing of the well sump is carried out with an ejector pump, which is a hydroelevator with a washing device. The washing flow corresponds to designed well flow rate. After the pneumatic plug is installed, carbon monoxide CO gas is fed into the wellbore. The gas is supplied at the level of the well sump.EFFECT: reduction of water de-oxygenation duration in the wellbore and the near-filter wellbore.1 dwg
ethod adiabatic desalination // 2628293
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: evaporation of water is carried out by affecting the salt water with a stream of air to form a vapor-air mixture. Then, the condensation of water vapor-air mixture. Salt water is fed into the upper portion of the vertically extending porous hydrophilic membrane. The effect of the flow of air on saline water is carried out by passing air through the membrane in the transverse direction.EFFECT: increased efficiency and quality of water desalination.
Flushing system for toilet bowl // 2628275
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: flushing system comprises a part (4) representing the inner housing comprising at least one side channel (11) located on both the right and the left side of the part (4) with respect to the center of the inner housing and providing a flow of water leaving the clean water channel to the toilet bowl from the left and the right directions, and at least one channel (12) in the central part, providing the water flow directly downwardly in a functional manner to the toilet bowl. The flushing system comprises at least one sealing element (5) mounted on the inner housing (4), a lid mounted on the inner housing (4). The flushing system additionally comprises a part (7) representing the outer housing, with the possibility of mounting on a sanitary ware, the inner housing (4) with the possibility of mounting in the outer housing (7), a fastening element (8) for fixing the part (7) to the sanitary ware, fixing screws (6) for securing the outer housing (7) of the flushing system to the sanitary ware by tightening the fastening element (8), at least one sealing element (9) providing the impermeability between the sanitary ware and the outer housing (7) of the flushing system. The method for flushing the toilet bowl with the above-described flushing system includes the following stages: the passage of clean water through the distribution channel for clean water, when the button on the tank is pressed, and its entering the flushing system, the water passage through the outer housing (7) of the flushing system and its entering the inner housing (4), directing the water to the channel (12) in the central part on the inner casing (4) directing the water to the channels (11), washing the toilet bowl with the water. The method of installing the flushing system on the sanitary ware includes the following stages: in case of presence of the bidet system, the installation of the part (10) connecting the bidet system to the pipe for clean water, attaching the outer housing (7) to the housing at the end of the distribution channel for clean water on the sanitary ware with a sealing-providing element (9) by tightening the fastening element (8) using the screws (6), the tight attachment of the part (4) to the outer housing (7) in the absence of the application of the bidet pipe (1), attaching the lid with no openings, into which the bidet pipe will be installed, to the housing (4), and in case of using the bidet pipe, attaching the bidet pipe (1) together with a conical gasket (2) and then the lid (3A) containing an opening, in which the bidet pipe (1) will be installed, to the housing (4), and the installation completion.EFFECT: easy installation of the flushing system, careful distribution of water, the possibility of using in toilets without rims, easy cleaning.15 cl, 12 dwg
ethod of regulation of sewage flow rate in storm water drainage network // 2627495
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method consists in draining a portion of the storm water from the network manifold (1) through the separation chamber (2) into the control tank (5), accumulating the sewage water in a tank and emptying the control tank (5) into the network manifold area behind the separation chamber (2) using a pump (4) at a flow rate that does not exceed the estimated drain flow in the network manifold after the separation chamber. The water flow, supplied by the pump (4), increases as the water level in the area of the network manifold drops behind the separation chamber (2), and when the water level rises, it decreases until the pump is turned off.EFFECT: increase in the emptying speed of the control tank and reduction of its size with the control of the network manifold filling with sewage water.1 dwg

Dispenser for toilet pan tank (versions) // 2627320
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: dispenser according to the first and the second versions comprises a container with openings (3 and 4) in the form of a can (1) with a lid (2) and a solid washing agent WA (5), with a shutter (11) closing the side drainage openings (3) in the "Standby" mode, and with a reserve volume of the WA solution at the bottom of the can (1). In the dispenser according to the first version, tubes (9 and 10) are installed in the openings (4) of the lid (2) on either side of it: upwards - above the water level in the tank for removing air from the can, and downwards - filling ones for water supply to the bottom of the can, those made long and with the small diameter - as a valve in them in the "Standby" mode. The filling tubes (10) are installed in the lid (2) with the possibility of the vertical movement, with the fixation to regulate the delivery head of water by means of changing the position of the level of the upper end of these tubes. In the dispenser according to the second version, the WA (5) is located in the middle part of the can (1) on the grate (6) and comprises rods (7) starting above the grate (6) and passing through the grate, and the bottom of the can (1) with the possibility to adjust the height of the grate (6) in the can (1) and the height of the dispenser in the tank, as well as to enclose the WA. The dispenser according to the third version comprises a container with openings (3 and 4) in the form of a can (1) with a lid (2) and a solid WA (5), with a shutter (11) closing the side drainage openings (3) in the "Standby" mode, and with a reserve volume of the WA solution and a ballast (8) at the bottom of the can (1). The ballast (8) is made with the possibility to change the amount of reserve solution volume in order to regulate the preparation rate of a new dose.EFFECT: simplifying the dispenser design, expanding the adjustment of its parameters, quickness of preparing a new dose of the WA solution, excluding the solution leakage into the tank in the Standby mode.4 cl, 3 dwg
System for connecting sanitary and technical fittings to wall-embedded pipeline // 2626930
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: system comprises an S-shaped tubular connecting element (10, 11) with the central part (12) and two connecting unions which have parallel displaced relative to one another longitudinal axes (13a, 14a) and are adjacent to both sides of the central part. One wall union (13) comprises a wall connecting circuit for connection to the wall-embedded pipeline (8, 9), one fitting connecting union (14) comprises a fitting connecting circuit for connecting sanitary and technical fittings. The fittings comprise a connecting circuit for the first-type connection, interfaced with the fitting connecting circuit of the fitting connecting union. A transitional element (15) is provided, which comprises the transition connecting circuit for connection to the fitting connecting circuit of the fitting connection union (14) and the return connection circuit for connecting the sanitary and technical fittings (1). The fittings comprise a connecting circuit interfaced with the first of two different connection types.EFFECT: connection system is provided, that is flexible for use with sanitary and technical fittings of various types of connection or attachment.9 cl, 6 dwg

Water main of vacuum operating principle for transferring large water volumes at significant distances without energy consumption and method of system startup // 2625959
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: water main contains a main pipe with inlet and outlet portals. The water intake is located in the water reservoir, i.e. in the upper pool, and is submerged in water to a depth exceeding the maximum depth of the reservoir freezing. The water discharge is located in the lower pool. The main pipe is designed to be filled with water. The inlet and outlet portals are provided with a stop valve. The pipeline is rigidly fixed to the ground along the entire length. The pipeline is provided with additional stop valves along the entire length with air valves installed according to the scheme, where the distance between the water intake and the first stop valve is much less than between the first additional stop valve and the second additional stop valve. Between the second additional stop valve and the third additional stop valve, the distance is much less than between the third and fourth and so on to the water discharge. On the water discharge there is a computer room with a power unit or power units which generate electricity from the water kinetic energy of this water disposal. The way of water conduit startup consists in the fact that at first the area between the water intake and the first additional water stop valve is filled with water. The air valves of the first section of the water conduit are open, the first additional water stop valve is closed. After filling this section of the water conduit, the air valves are closed in sequence from the lower valve to the sea level and then sequentially to the upper valve relative to the sea level as the water conduit is filled with water. Further, the second additional water stop valve is opened. The air valves of the second section of the water conduit are open, the third additional water stop valve is closed. After filling this section of the water conduit, the air valves are closed in sequence from the lower valve to the sea level and then sequentially to the upper valve relative to the sea level as this section of the water conduit is filled with water. Then, the next - third stop valve and air valves of the third additional stop valve are opened, and the above mentioned process is repeated in the following sections and so on until the whole pipeline is filled with water, after which the lowest stop valve opens and the water main is actuated, during which from the bottom of the water conduit, the earth's gravity force will pull a column of water, which in turn will create a continuous watercourse along the entire main pipeline.EFFECT: possibility to pump huge amounts of water through elevations and over great distances without spending energy carriers.12 cl, 1 dwg
Slime pump for radial secondary sedimentation tank // 2625701
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: slime pump consists of a truss, at least one outlet tray, a central support, a system of suction pipes with scrapers. At least one suction pipe is made with the individual adjustment system, and at least one outlet tray is made with at least one slide gate.EFFECT: increasing the slime pump operation efficiency due to providing the possibility of individual adjustment of the suction pipes and the possibility of the slime pump control automation.2 cl, 3 dwg
Slime pump for radial secondary sediment // 2625670
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: slime pump consists of a farm 1, a discharge chute 2, a central support 5, a system of suckers 7 and a system of scrapers. The discharge chute 2 is formed with, at least, one longitudinal baffle 6 located along the chute 2, which divides the chute 2 into independent parts 7. The individual suckers or groups of suckers 7 are configured to operate independently, except for mixing slime they extract by supplying this slime to different portions 7 of the chute 2.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the effectiveness of the slime pump operation.3 cl, 3 dwg

Segment for the restoration pipe and pipe restoring method // 2625411
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: segment for restoration pipe contains an internal surface plate, forming the inner ring surface, side plates and end plates, secured vertically at the peripheral edge of the inner surface of the plate. The inner surface plate, side plates and end plates are made as a single piece of plastic. To install the segmented reduction tube inside the existing pipe, the segments are connected in the circumferential direction and along the pipe. Each of the side plates at the end, near the end plate, has an opening used for the process of joining the segments in the circumferential direction. Through the opening it is possible to insert the connecting element and to easily connect the segments in the circumferential direction.EFFECT: aperture, formed in the side plate is made in such a way that the filling material, entered into the space between the existing pipe and the replacement pipe segment, flows or flows out through this opening.6 cl, 14 dwg

Sand and gravel trap // 2625175
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: sand and gravel trap includes a main receiving container 1 in which a hollow cylinder 2 mated with a supply water line 4 is arranged. Below the head of the cylinder 2 in the main container 1, a reflective screen 6 with radial branches with nozzles 8 is arranged. The nozzles 8 are oriented in such a way that each nozzle 8 of the screen 6 is directed inward the cavity of the container 1 with twisting the flow and creating a directed water flow along the circumferential plane of the cylindrical container 1. The container 1 is divided by a transverse partition 11 with bypass ports 12 into two cavities 13 and 14. In the lower part of the wall of the hollow cylinder 2, openings 5 are made at an acute angle towards the inner wall of the container 1. The upper part of the container 1 wall contains the outlet opening 15 which is offset relative to the bypass ports 12 in the transverse partition 11. The bottom of the container 1 is inclined to the horizontal axis of the device. In the center of the container 1, a flushing opening 18 with a flushing pipeline 19 is made. The container 1 in the upper part of its wall is connected with a outlet pipeline 16 of clean water by means of the outlet port 15. In this constructive solution and in the mode of hydrodynamic conditions of the sediment-saturated flow operation, the sediments will be delivered directly to the discharge manifold due to the rotating water and their washing off the inclined walls of the bottom, and clean water calmed above the partition will flow from the upper layers to the outlet pipeline 16 and onwards to the consumer.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of continuous water cleaning from bottom and suspended sediments, ensuring the possibility to regulate the hydraulic flow structure in the water supply distributor made in the form of a reflective screen with radial branches and nozzles and the water separating device in general, simplifying the design.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for intake of underground and submarinary water coming to surface // 2624211
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: construction of a water header with overflow is implemented by means of fencing aquifer reliefs in the grotto zone with a dam. The water is pumped out to the consumer and the intake setpoint is controlled at the pressure increased relative to the sea in the header, which is created due to raising the water level in front of the dam by means of pressure regulators - bypasses.EFFECT: preventing the possibility of penetration of seawater and a crack filler into the water header by cracks in the rock, which contributes to the improvement of pumped water quality.2 dwg

Bathroom and method of its operation // 2623595
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: bathroom contains a toilet bowl (9) with a flush tank, which includes a waste water tank (1) from the washbasin (5). The washbasin contains a spout (12) with a stop valve in the form of a faucet or valve or a valve for its connection to the water supply system (10). Capacity (1) is made with a feeding float valve to connect the water supply system to the spout (12) of the washbasin (5) after the shut-off valve with an empty flushing tank and shut off the water supply from the sink (12) with the full flush tank. In the way the toilet is operated, including its use for the administration of natural needs, the above-described bathroom is used.EFFECT: expanding the consumer properties of the bathroom, increasing hygiene, creating more comfortable conditions for users, saving energy for cleaning and disinfection of water.2 cl, 2 dwg

echanized machine for drain pipes cleaning // 2623240
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: machine, according to the first implementation version, includes the cable, the motor unit which is in mechanical communication with the cable and made with the possibility of rotating the cable along the longitudinal cable axis. The motor unit comprises the motor and the motor control device. The motor control device is made with the possibility to transform alternating current into direct current, wherein the motor control device transmits direct current to the motor. The machine additionally comprises the casing adapted for accommodating the motor unit, and the rotation speed control device communicating with the motor unit made with the possibility of varying the operating frequency of motor rotation in the range of operating rotation frequencies. According to the second implementation version, of the machine comprises the frame assembly, the housing accommodating the cable, the cable, the electric motor mounted on the frame assembly. The machine according to the third implementation version comprises the frame assembly comprising several long tubular elements, which comprise the first and the second bottom supporting elements, the angular loop element extending between the first and the second bottom supporting elements, the vertical loop element, the vertical mounting plate attached to the vertical loop element. The vertical mounting plate comprises the opening and the upper supporting element comprising the fixed end and the free end. The machine additionally comprises the drive shaft extending through the opening in the vertical mounting plate, the cable comprising an actuating end, which must be inserted into the drain, the drum mounted rotatably on the drive shaft, the motor and the control device of the rotation frequency made with the possibility to determine the current operating frequency of the motor rotation.EFFECT: increased efficiency and safety in the removal of obstacles from a sewer or a drain.20 cl, 12 dwg

ethod of economy class public toilet operation // 2622897
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: method uses a toilet containing wash basins and toilets with flushing cisterns. The toilet contains at least one toilet bowl with a flushing cistern which is connected by a pipe to the drain holes of the washbasins and contains a device by means of which the flushing cistern of at least one other toilet bowl is connected by a supply line with drains of washbasins. The device opens the supply conduit when the cistern containing device is filled and closes it when the cistern is unfilled.EFFECT: reduced consumption of clean water, improved sanitation, reduced incidence of infectious diseases, creating a more comfortable environment for users.3 cl, 2 dwg

Device, assembly and method for mixing water for purification complex and for performing disinfection from legionella // 2622332
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device (1) comprises an inlet channel (2) for cold water, an inlet channel (3) for hot water, a supply channel (4) for mixed water, a mixing device (5) equipped with the first inlet fitting (6) made with the possibility to be hydraulically connected to the inlet channel (2) for cold water, the second inlet fitting (7) made with the possibility to be hydraulically connected to the inlet channel (3) for hot water, and an outlet fitting (8) for mixed water. The mixing device (5) additionally comprises a mixing chamber (9) from which the outlet fitting (8) for mixed water comes out. The mixing device made with the possibility of supplying from the outlet fitting for mixed water a mixed water stream having a supply temperature intermediate between the cold water temperature and the hot water temperature. The device (1) additionally contains a valve device (10) and a bypass (20). The valve device is made with the possibility of and is intended for selective operation in at least the first and second configurations. The device (1) in the first configuration provides the possibility of directing the mixed water into the supply line of a water treatment complex, and the second configuration provides the possibility of directing only hot water into the supply line of a water treatment complex to perform thereby the thermal disinfection treatment of the complex from Legionella. The mixing assembly comprises a hollow housing in which at least the following is made: an inlet tract for cold water, an inlet tract for hot water, a supply tract for mixed water, a mixing section, a valve section, a bypass. The valve device is made with the possibility of and intended for selective operation at least in the first and the second configurations. In the first configuration, the assembly provides the possibility of directing the mixed water into the supply line of a water treatment complex, and the second configuration provides the possibility of directing only hot water into the supply line of a water treatment complex to perform thermal disinfection of the complex against Legionella. The method for mixing hot water and cold water with forming thereby the mixed water stream includes the following stages: the presence of a device (1) or an assembly is ensured, the inlet channel (2) for cold water of the device or the inlet opening for cold water of the assembly is hydraulically connected to a cold water source, the inlet channel (3) for hot waterof the device or the inlet opening for hot water of the assembly is hydraulically connected to a hot water source, the output channel (4) of the device or the output tract of the assembly is hydraulically connected to the supply line for mixed water, located in the water treatment complex downstream relative to the device or the assembly, the valve device (10) operation in the device (1) or the assembly is ensured selectively in the first or the second configuration.EFFECT: device, assembly, and method for mixing water treatment complexes with the function of disinfection against Legionella are provided.10 cl, 5 dwg

Public toilet with playing fountain and method of its operation // 2622245
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: toilet contains toilet cabin with toilet bowl and flush water tank containing capacity (1). Capacity (1) supplied with the device (4) to open the pipeline (6) connecting the water supply system with flush nozzle (s) of one or more fountains with blank longer protrudes into the tank, piping and floors (6) when filled with water longer protrudes into the tank. The way to operate a public toilet is that the public toilet described above is used for natural needs.EFFECT: to create more comfortable conditions for users, improving the effectiveness of the toilets, visibility and its informative work, visual monitoring of the performance and capacity of the toilet at a great distance.4 cl, 2 dwg

Device for regulating groundwater accumulations // 2621359
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises the waterproof barrage in the transverse alignment of a river valley, completely spanning the aquifer by capacity and width and forming an underground reservoir, underground water intake boreholes or wells and shut-off regulating pipelines. The above-ground reservoir formed by the above-ground dam spanning by the width the transverse alignment of a river valley is located above the underground reservoir. The waterproof barrage is located below the above-ground dam at a distance sufficient for arranging underground water intake boreholes or wells. Both reservoirs are connected to each other and to the consumer with the shut-off regulating pipelines.EFFECT: ability to secure water intake in the required amount during the entire period of operation.1 dwg

Device for regulation of fresh water reserves // 2621268
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for regulating fresh water reserves includes a watertight barrage 3 in the transverse section of the river valley, completely spanning the aquifer 4 by thickness and width and forming an underground reservoir 5, a water intake well 8 and shutoff-regulating pipelines 9. According to the invention, there is an aboveground reservoir 6 formed by an aboveground dam 1 on a pile foundation 2 spanning by width the transverse valley section and located above the underground reservoir 5. The watertight barrage 3 is located in one section with the aboveground dam 1, between its piles, forming a joint underground screen. The water intake well 8 is located on the bank of the aboveground reservoir 6, above the marking of flooding at the maximum level 7. Both reservoirs are connected to each other and to the consumer with the shutoff-regulating pipelines 9.EFFECT: invention enables secure water intake in a required volume during the entire period of operation, including in low-water periods of the year in the valleys of mountain rivers with periodically drying watercourse, in view of efficient use of the underground and aboveground volume of a mountain river valley, with the least economic costs, due to combining the action functions, eg the piles supporting the aboveground dam are simultaneously involved in screening the underground stream; minimizing the ecological impact on the environment.1 dwg

Device for regulation of atmospheric precipitation runoff reserves // 2621267
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for regulation of the atmospheric precipitation runoff reserves includes an underground reservoir 3 formed by a watertight barrage 1 in the transverse section of the river valley, spanning completely by thickness and width the aquifer 2, and an aboveground reservoir 4 formed by a dam 5 spanning by width the transverse section of the river valley. The watertight barrage 1 is located outside the influence area of the underlying underground reservoir 3 and contains, before the barrage 1, a catchment 6 to intensify the process of water accumulation in the aboveground reservoir 4 during the period of intensive atmospheric precipitation runoff. The underground reservoir 3 is located above the aboveground one at a distance that provides the catchment elevation grades sufficient to discharge groundwater by regulated gravity to the bowl of the aboveground reservoir 4.EFFECT: possibility of reliable water abstraction in the required volume during the whole period of operation, including in low-water periods of the year in valleys of mountain rivers with a periodically drying watercourse, in view of the effective use of atmospheric precipitation runoff during its greatest intensity in the valley of a mountain river.1 dwg

ethod of regulating atmospheric precipitation runoff // 2621265
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of regulating the atmospheric precipitation runoff consists in accumulating groundwater in the river valley spanned completely by thickness and width by the barrage 1 in the aquifer 2, in the underground reservoir 3 and aboveground water in the aboveground reservoir 4 of the river valley completely spanned by width by the dam 5, in high water periods of the year and their consumption by water intake either from the underground reservoir or from the aboveground one in low-water periods of the year, with the regulated water passage from one volume to another and to the consumer. According to the invention, before the barrage 1, a catchment 6 is arranged, and the process of water accumulation in the aboveground reservoir 4 is intensified during the period of intensive runoff of atmospheric precipitation by additionally letting in it water by regulated gravity from the catchment 6 of the underground reservoir 3.EFFECT: possibility of reliable water abstraction in the required volume throughout the entire period of operation, including in low-water periods of the year in valleys of mountain rivers with periodically drying watercourse, due to its effective accumulation during the period of intensive runoff.1 dwg

Insert with rotating mesh and rotating mesh for aerators in sanitary batteries // 2621262
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: insert consists of a casing (1), rotating mesh (5) and O-ring seal (6). The casing (1) has two bearings (2) at its lower part for receiving the axle (7) of the mesh (5). The rotating mesh (5) has two axle (7) on the circumference of its rim, which enter the bearings (2) of the casing (1) of the insert and are used for axial fixation of the rotating mesh (5) providing for rotation of the mesh (5) about its axis (7). The rotating mesh (5) has a cut slot on its circumference, wherein the O-ring seal (6) is installed for sealing between the rotating mesh (5) and the casing (1). The rotating mesh (5) is fixed axially by two screws directly in the aerator body so that it can pivot. The O-ring seal (6) provides for seling between the mesh (5) and the aerator body and simultaneously locks the mesh (5) in its operating position and cleaning position. The screws act as axle providing for the mesh pivoting. The mesh (5) has two openings, which are in fact two bearings for receiving the screws. A method for cleaning the rotating mesh involves pushing the handle (3) with a finger to rotate it horizontally, so that the cog (9) releases the handle (3) from the slot (8). By pressing the handle (3) the rotating mesh (5) is moved in the downward direction around the axle (7) in the bearings (2). Due to this rotation, the base and the upper side of the rotating mesh (5) totally change their positions, the solids are subjected to a water flow and are washed out of the rotating mesh (5). When the rotating mesh (5) has been cleaned, it is rotated by the handle (3) in the opposite direction upwards. The handle (3) is moved into the slot (8) so that the cog (9) can lock the handle (3) and the rotating mesh (5) is set in the operating position back in the casing (1).EFFECT: ensuring for water purification from solids, aeration, water flow rate adjustment and diverting the water flow to the outlet of the sanitary battery.11 cl, 5 dwg

Public toilet with dancing fountain and method of its operation // 2621075
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: toilet contains several toilet cubicles with a toilet bowl (7) and a flushing cistern containing a tank (1) for waste water. The tank (1) is connected to the drainage device of the fountain (3), it is equipped with a device for opening the pipeline (6) connecting the water supply system (8) to the fountain nozzle with an empty flushing cistern, and overlapping the pipeline (6) with the flushing cistern filled with waste water from the fountain. The way to operate a public toilet is that the public toilet described above is used for natural needs.EFFECT: reducing water consumption, increasing hygiene, creating comfortable conditions for users, increasing the efficiency, providing visual control over the toilet filling.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of cleaning stormwater sewer drainage well from road pollution // 2621023
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: when performing the method of cleaning drainage wells, a cleaning element is placed in the well. The element has an elliptical shape with the spiked surface. The largest diameter of the element in the cross section is not less than the diameter of the discharge pipeline. The length of the largest element axis provides the possibility of rotation relative to the well walls. The element buoyancy provides the possibility of immersion to the depth of not more than two-thirds of the largest diameter. The road pollution removal is carried out by the mechanical action of the spikes of the cleaning element, with forming slurry. The mechanical action is provided by turning the cleaning element due to the gravity of the flow falling into the well and the flow coming from the drainage pipeline.EFFECT: possibility of autonomous self-cleaning of the well.3 cl, 1 dwg

Public toilet of the economy class and method of its operation // 2621014
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to sanitary equipment. The public toilet comprises a toilet (2) with a flushing cistern (1) which is connected by a conduit (9) to the drain holes of the washbasins (10, 11, 12) and contains a device by which the flush tank (13) of another toilet (15) is connected with drain holes of the washbasins (10, 11, 12) by a supply pipe (21). The device includes a supply line (21) with the flushing cistern (1) containing the device filled in and turns it off when the flush tank (1) is empty. Filling of each subsequent flushing tank (13 and 14) with waste water is carried out sequentially after filling the previous flushing tank (1). Flushing tanks (1, 13, 14) of all or part of the toilets (2, 15, 16) are connected to the water supply system (6) through the supply line (5, 19, 20). In this method the public toilet is used for the dispatch of natural needs. In this case the described above toilet is used.EFFECT: reducing the consumption of clean water, improved sanitation, reducing the incidence of infectious diseases, creating a more comfortable environment for users.3 cl, 2 dwg

Device for producing water from atmospheric air and electricity processing // 2620830
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: device comprises two concentric vertical cylinders (6, 7) forming "dry" (9) and "wet" (10) air paths, "wet" channel (10) is provided with a hydrophobic capillary-porous surface (8) wetted by water, the wind power installation (4). "Wet" channel (10) is arranged in the inner vertical cylinder (6). The hydrophobic capillary-porous surface (8) is attached to the inner wall of the inner cylinder (6). Concentric "dry" channel (9) is arranged between the outer (7) and inner (6) vertical cylinders. At the bottom of the outer cylinder (7) water container (14) is mounted to collect the condensed moisture, a drip grid (12) and a plurality of rows of plates to drain moisture (13) in a water tank (14). The plates (13) are arranged with gaps therebetween for the passage of the air flow. Water tank (14) is connected to a pump irrigation conduit (11) with the upper part of the hydrophobic face (8) and the fresh water discharge conduit (15) connected with the consumer. Above the vertical inner cylinder (6) movable housing Venturi tube (3) provided with a wind vane (1) is mounted via bearings (5). On the central axis of the Venturi tube (3) wind power plant (4) with the wind wheel and the generator is arranged. Housing of Venturi tube (3) is surrounded by a stationary annular air nozzle (2) fixed on the inner vertical cylinder (6).EFFECT: obtaining of moisture from the air and increased electricity production.2 dwg

ethod of energy saving in water supply systems // 2620742
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method of energy saving in water supply systems is that the water pressure at the pump outlet is measured, the measured head is compared with the set value and the deviation of the measured head from the set value is minimized by acting on the pump motor speed, while the set value of the head is formed as the sum of the minimum head and the variable component, while a group of parallel pumps is used as a pump. A hydraulic model of the water supply system is created, including a pump, a system of pipelines supplying water to the pump inlet, and a system of pipelines connected to the pump outlet and supplying water to the distribution network, a hydraulic simulation of the water supply system is performed, the required value of the minimum water head is determined at the pump outlet under a condition ensuring the required minimum pressure for all consumers, the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. Zones with the required minimum head are isolated in the distribution network. The required value of the minimum water head is reduced at the pump outlet from the condition of ensuring the required minimum head of the zone consumers and the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. The step of reducing the required minimum water head is repeated at the pump outlet from the conditions of ensuring the required minimum head of the zone consumers and the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. The required value of the minimum water head is determined at the pump outlet, provided that the minimum head at the zone inlet is ensured, and the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. A set of pairs of the maintenance cost values of the water supply system is formed for the life cycle and the corresponding arguments - the required values of the minimum water head at the pump outlet, the set of the additional pairs of the electricity cost values and the corresponding arguments - the required values of the minimum water head at the pump outlet. And the set value of the minimum water head is determined at the pump outlet.EFFECT: reducing the power consumption and maintenance costs for the life cycle.2 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for cleaning natural toilet // 2620302
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: after using the toilet bowl (1), it is sealed by closing the toilet bowl with the hermetic cover (3). After sealing, its outlet valve (5) is opened, and compressed air is supplied to the upper part of the toilet bowl (1) to extrude the contents through its outlet valve (5). At the same time, water is sprayed by compressed air in the toilet bowl, and its internal surface is cleaned with compressed air and sprayed water. After cleaning the toilet bowl with sprayed water, its internal surface is dried with compressed air, then, after drying the toilet bowl, its lower valve is closed, and then the upper hinged cover (3) and the seat (2) are transferred to the initial open position for further use.EFFECT: efficiency of cleaning the inner surface of the bowl of the toilet bowl, reducing the amount of malicious odours in the toilet room.3 dwg

Economy-class public lavatory // 2620291
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: lavatory contains wash basins and toilet bowls with flushing cisterns. Each lavatory contains at least one toilet with a flush tank, which is connected through a duct with drain holes of the sink and contains a device whereby flush tanks of at least some other toilets are connected to a supply duct with drain holes of the sinks, which opens the feed line when the flush tank is full and closes it when it is empty. The flush tanks of all the toilets or part thereof are connected to the water supply system through a supply pipe.EFFECT: reduced consumption of clean water, improved hygiene, reduced incidence of infectious diseases, a more comfortable environment for users.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of probabilistic assessment of pumping station supplying // 2620133
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: separation of pumping station into a finite number of elements with the specified probability parameters is carried out in the method and probabilistic modeling with the definition of pumping station supplying distribution law is carried out. Sudden failure rates cleared during current repairs and their repair rates, gradual failure rates cleared during major repairs and their repair rates are taken as the probability parameters of elements. Wherein random event of transition into the failure mode with the gradual failure rates is carried out only if the actual number of elements in the major repair is less than acceptable, and probabilistic modeling is performed by result data processing of the pumping station operation simulation modeling throughout its duration.EFFECT: expanded operating performances of the method.7 dwg

Electronic automatically adjustable bidet with software for visual object recognition // 2620091
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: according to the first and the second versions, the electronic system of the bidet (1) comprises the water reservoir - tank (2), the bowl (3) with the opening (4), the seat (5), the cover (6) of the seat, at least one fluid nozzle (7) for discharging the liquid, the means on the bidet to move the liquid nozzle in three dimensions within the bowl, at least one air dryer, the computing device comprising executable software, the memory storage device, the camera (10) arranged within the bowl and connected with the computing device, the bowl light source, at least one sensor to actuate the bidet. The camera captures at least one image or video image of the genital and the anal areas of the user through the bowl when the bidet is opened. At least one image or video image is transmitted to the computing device and analyzed by the object recognition software for determining the types, sizes, shapes and positions of the lower body passages in the user's genital and anal areas. The computing device sends a signal to the means for moving the liquid nozzle in three dimensions to automatically adjust the fluid outlet nozzle to clean the individual types of passages, the passage areas, depending on the size of the passages, the shapes of the passages, the gender, the body type, and the weight of the user. The computer sends a signal to the means for moving the air nozzle in three dimensions to automatically adjust the air nozzles to discharge dry air to drain certain types of passages, passage areas, depending on the size of the passages, the shapes of the passages, the gender, the body type, and the weight of the user.EFFECT: efficiency of the bidet usage in the automatic mode.34 cl, 6 dwg

Suction scraper for radial flow secondary clarifier // 2619902
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: suction scraper consists of a bridge of at least one outlet tray, a central support, a system of suckers installed inside the tank which is formed with the board and bottom of the clarifier. Some of the suckers with scraper blades are located behind the other suckers with scraper blades at a distance above the bottom of the clarifier, which differs from the distance at which the preceding suckers with scraper blades are located above the clarifier bottom.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the suction scraper by adjusting the cross-sectional area of the outlet of each sucker and incorporating additional rows of suckers in case of a thicker layer of sludge exceeding the capacity of operating rows of suckers.4 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for using melt water // 2619759
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention is implemented as follows. From wet and heavy snow mass accumulated outside the seed field territory, extruded briquettes 1 are formed. Near the seed field a deepening is made and shrouded with the film 2 of waterproof material. The extruded briquettes 1 are laid (stacked) on the film 2, forming a storage clamp of circular or rectangular shape. Then the storage clamp is covered by heat insulating material 3 to be isolated from the ambient air effect. By varying the thickness or coating area of the insulation material 3, the melting rate of the briquettes 1 is controlled. Near the storage clamp on the side of the seed field, the container 4 for accumulating melt water 6 formed during the gradual thawing of briquettes 1, is placed. The container 4 by its level is placed below the bottom of the deepening in the ground, in order that the melt water collected on the film 2 flowed by gravity into the container 4. Near the container 4 the reservoir 9 for storing the melt water is placed. The reservoir 9 is placed by height above level of the container 4 for storing the melt water 6. The melt water 6 in the process of its accumulation in the container 4 is pumped into the reservoir 9. From the reservoir 9 the melt water flows by gravity along the temporary pipeline system to plants for irrigation. All system elements - the storage clamp, the container, the reservoir - are located in the highest slope point on the edge 8 of the field 7 for effectively using the natural slope for irrigation.EFFECT: expansion of the agricultural and especially vegetable crops, as well as melons and gourds, cultivation area and improving their productivity and quality, the cultivation cost reduction due to their controlled irrigation with melt water throughout the growing period, improving the health of consumers due to transferring the useful properties of melt water at the consumption of products grown by means of irrigating with melt water.3 cl, 1 dwg

Observation drainage plastic well for heaving soils // 2619291
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: observation drainage plastic well for heaving soils contains the bottom 1 of a rigid plastic pipe with an outer lateral corrugated surface, the shaft 2 connected thereto, which also includes a rigid plastic pipe with an outer lateral corrugated surface, the lid-hatch 9 and the inlet 6 and the outlet 7 connecting pipes of closed manifolds, attached thereto. In order to reduce the influence of tangential forces of the soil frost heaving on the well stability, reliability, service life and durability, the shaft 2 is additionally equipped with the rigid plastic pipe 3 with the smooth outer lateral surface of the same diameter, mounted above the plastic pipe 2 with the outer corrugated side surface coaxial therewith in the zone 5 of the calculated soil freezing depth, corresponding to the p-percent probability of exceeding in the well installation place, and rigidly connected thereto by means of e.g. welding. Wherein the bottom 1 is connected to the shaft 2 by means of a rigid connection 4, for example by welding.EFFECT: increased service life of the observation plastic drainage well, namely not less than the standard service life of the whole drainage system made of plastic materials, reducing the costs for its operation, improving the reliability and effectiveness of the action and closed drainage.1 dwg

Delivery connector intended, in particular, for submersible pumps // 2618747
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: delivery connector (10), particularly for submersible pumps, comprises a crank channel (11) formed integrally, bent in the shape of an inverted letter U and intended for vertical installation, a flowing valve (13) which should be attached after the channel (11), and means (14) of fast channel (11) connection with the hydraulic system. The connector is intended for connection of submersible pump with the hydraulic system in the upper part of the tank and forms a part of storage device for waste water, also comprising a tank with the submersible pump.EFFECT: relieved system maintenance operations and reduced production costs.14 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for regulating groundwater accumulations // 2618336
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method consists in accumulating the groundwater in the river valley, which spans the aquifer completely in capacity and width, in the underground reservoir in high-water periods of the year, its spending by water intake in dry periods, and controlling the groundwater level. An above-ground reservoir is formed above the underground reservoir, and the underground and surface water drains are accumulated, respectively, in the underground and above-ground reservoirs, and the groundwater level is controlled, when it falls in the area of the underground reservoir, by means of the controlled passage of water from the above-ground reservoir located above it. In case of water level fall in the aboveground reservoir area, regulated water supply from an underground reservoir located under it is carried out.EFFECT: ability to secure water intake in the required amount during the entire period of operation.1 dwg

ethod for producing water from air // 2618315
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of autonomous production of fresh drinking water from the moisture of surrounding maritime atmospheric air and can also be used for domestic and economic needs. The method includes the use of generators (11) of pneumatic energy. The compressed air flow after the generators (11) is cooled in the condensers (6) with precipitation and moisture intake. Atmospheric air sampling is carried out in the vicinity of the sea surface, where its humidity is maximum. The generators (11) of pneumatic energy are actuated with the tidal energy. The generators (11) are made in the form of hydraulic units which are placed in the tidal zone ensuring the seawater banking in front of them. On the hydraulic units having radially movable walls in the form of membranes (1) the air compression chambers (3) with suction and discharge valves are mounted. In the hydraulic units the periodic hydraulic shock is initiated, which results in reciprocating motion of the membrane of the air compression chambers (3) and generating the pneumatic energy in the compression chambers (3). After the condensers (6) the air is directed to the air expanders made in the form of throttles or pneumatic motors (10). The pneumatic motors (10) are connected to the electric generators (11). The obtained electrical energy is used to drive the pumps (14) for pumping the settled fresh water from the condensers (6) and moisture-receivers (12) of the air expanders. When throttles are used as air expanders the fresh water is pumped from the moisture-receivers (12) by ejecting it with fresh water under pressure located in the condensers (6). The condensers of moisture (6) are placed under the sea level and cooled with sea water.EFFECT: conversion of hydraulic energy of sea tides into pneumatic energy necessary to extract the moisture contained in the atmospheric maritime air.2 dwg

Device for sewage drains blocking // 2618147
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for sewage drains blocking comprises a plug with a mechanism interacting with a drive. The plug is a cylindrical surface fragment. The inner surface of the plug has a fixed stiffness amplifier represented by a strip of spring metal with fixing elements at its ends. The mechanism of interaction with the drive is mounted on the stiffness amplifier. The plug may comprise vertically oriented slots conventionally dividing it into several parts. The plug can be made of several modular elements. Plug elements can have hinged connections.EFFECT: expansion of the device scope, increased operating life, reduced possibility of damage or unauthorized removal by concerned persons.4 cl, 3 dwg

Water-oil emulsion separation device // 2618057
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: oil emulsion separation device includes a cylindrical body 1 with an emulsion injection system in the form of a tubular perforated manifold 7 and branch pipes 5, 6 for separation products discharge, a V-shaped coalescing pack 15 installed in the longitudinal section of housing 1, a water collection and discharge system 3, 4, 21, water level sensors, a monitoring and control system for water discharge system opening and closing, a perforated incomplete baffle 9, a gas outlet 6, an upper continuous inclined baffle 11, single coalescing pack 10, a lower solid vertical baffle 12, a lower vertical baffle plate 13 perforated in the lower part, a lower partial baffle 18, an upper vertical incomplete baffle 14, parallel baffles 16 with slots 17 at the bottom of the V-shaped coalescing pack 15 to the bottom of the 1. Upper continuous inclined transverse baffle 11, single coalescing pack 10, and lower solid vertical baffle 12 divide housing 1 into a first compartment 19 with injection of oil emulsion and a second oil-extraction compartment 20.EFFECT: invention improves completeness of oil emulsion separation into oil and water.2 dwg

Automatic water intake for underground spring water // 2617273
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: automatic water intake comprises the reservoir 2 installed in the aquifer 1, with the bottom filter 3 having the filling 4, and the determinant 5 of water level 6. The second working reservoir 7 is separated by the perforated partition 8 from the reservoir 2. The working reservoir 7 comprises the float chamber 9 with the autonomously floating receiver 10 disposed therein, the horizontal partition 11 which is a limiter for the floating receiver 10. In the inlet opening 16 the flexible hose 12 is embedded, connected with its upper end to the floating receiver 10 having the receiving opening 17, and the flexible hose 12 with its lower end is integrated in the outlet opening 13 in the lower part of the vertical partition 14 for supplying and draining the water to the reserve reservoir 15. The autonomous floating receiver 10 has the necessary fit for water entry in the flexible hose 12 and automatically repeats the profile of the water surface in the float chamber 9. While lowering the floating receiver 10 on the horizontal partition 11, the outlet opening 16 is closed, and the flexible hose 12 is not crushed in the working reservoir 7, which ensures its safety in the working position. For the sanitary water discharge into the drainage cavity of the reserve reservoir 15, the discharge orifice 13 is arranged in the vertical wall 14, which is disposed below the headwall 20 with the visor 21 of waste water.EFFECT: simplicity and reliability of the construction, reduction of the material consumption and automatic inclusion of the autonomous floating receiver placed in the float chamber, shortening the time for the intake of water from the upper layers with different filling of the second working reservoir with water.1 dwg

Pump control and operation device // 2616397
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a housing (1) with coaxial inlet (2) and outlet (3) connections and a return valve (4) with the spherical closure member (5) and a guide rod mounted between them, a permanent magnet (6) interacting with the flow sensor reed relay mounted on a printed circuit board (9) fixed at the housing with a microcontroller (10) and electronic components (11) and pressure (7) and temperature sensors (8). Flow sensor permanent magnet (6) is fixed at the spherical closure member in the form of toric ring. At least one flow sensor reed relay is mounted in the housing on the return valve wall, positionally movable along the axis of closure member displacement.EFFECT: creation of a simple, reliable and versatile pump operation and control device.3 dwg

echanical movement transmission to shaft of standard pipe fittings // 2616384
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: mechanical transmission comprises a fixed frame (2), the shaft (6) with a handle attached to it (9). The periphery of the handle is connected to a flexible transmission element of the mechanism (15) partly housed in a movable tube (13) for the flexible gear element. Near the handle, the end of the tube is fixed to an orienting member (11) secured to the link (10) mounted on the handle (9), with a screw or rotational movement. Between the link and the rack mounted mechanical link, which prevents the rotation unit around a rotational axis in at least one direction. On the link (10), at least one orienting member is additionally mounted, wherein the extension tube is attached to the respective flexible transfer elements of the mechanism (16) partially disposed therein and movably connected to the periphery of the handle (9).EFFECT: provided by a device transmitting the movement is not only the shaft regular crane, but also in having the possibility of movement in the pipe for a flexible transmission element flexible transmission element other mechanism that allows you to use one motor to drive multiple cranes.4 dwg
Hydraulic structure for underground spring water drainage // 2616377
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic structure comprises installed in the aquifer 1 the reservoir 2 with the bottom filter 3 having the filling 4, and the water level determinant 5. The working reservoir 6 is additionally divided into the water intake chamber 7 and the float chamber 8. The second working reservoir 6 is separated from the first reservoir 2 by the perforated partition wall 9 with the bottom threshold 10. The working reservoir 6 comprises the vertical housing 11 fixed to the reservoir lid, in the housing of which the float pump 12 of the water intake chamber 7 is placed. The float pump 12 has the limiter 13 in the form of guides fixed in the lower part of the housing 11, and the limiter 14 is fixed in the middle part of its intake. The water intake chamber 7 is separated from the float chamber 8 of the reservoir 6 by the cantilever wall 15. The float chamber 8 is equipped with a means in the form of the sewer pipe 16 fixed in the structure slope 17, and is provided with the tubular insert 18 made in the form of a flexible hose segment, one end of which is inserted into the sewer pipe 16 with the possibility of moving freely therein, and the other end of the insert 18 is connected to the flare nozzle 19 fixed on the float 20. The flare nozzle 19 with the float 20 is freely mounted on the guide riser 21 with the possibility for axial motion between the limiters 22 and 23, which is mounted on the bottom of the float chamber 8. The partition wall 15 is installed with a gap relative to the bottom 24 of the working reservoir 6. The reservoirs 2 and 6 are arranged in the sequential order and equipped with the hydroinsulation layer 25 of the desired height. The hydraulic structure operates in standalone and automatic modes.EFFECT: simplicity and reliability of the design.3 cl, 1 dwg

Drain filter // 2615490
FIELD: water supply, sewerage.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of sanitary ware. The mirror assembly includes a tube head, a filter, a plug body adapted to functional connection to the control element and attached removably to the head tube and to the filter for ensuring the selective removal of the head tube and the filter from the plug body when the plug body is mounted for use and attached to the control element. The tube head includes at least one element operable to selectively release the filter from the tube head. A filter cartridge for draining system comprises the tube head having a sealing device for sealing engagement with the drain system when the filter cartridge is moved from the discharge position to the plugged position, the filter for filtering at least a portion of the fluid medium flowing through the drain system when the filter cartridge is mounted and the plug head is in the discharge position, the filter being attached removably to the plug head for replacing the filter by a replaceable one. The tube head includes at least one element operable to selectively release the filter from the tube head. The method of using the mirror assembly to remove debris from the fluid medium basin drain system, comprising the steps of disconnecting filter cartridge from the plug body installed within the fluid medium basin drain system, of actuating the release mechanism on the tube head of the filter cartridge for releasing the filter and debris from the plug head, the filter cartridge is attached to the plug head to form a replaceable filter cartridge, and the replaceable filter cartridge is attached to the plug body installed within the fluid medium basin drain system.EFFECT: invention extends the product range of drain filters for sewerage, providing the replacement of the filter element in an effective, reliable and hygienic way.21 cl, 10 dwg

Filtering abstraction intake on mountain and foothill river parts // 2615467
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for water abstraction for industrial, agriculture, drinking water supply systems on the foothill and mountain river parts, transporting a considerable amount of suspended and bottom sediment in high water. Filtering abstraction intake on the concave bank of the river curved section 5 includes filter plates 1, behind which there is a water-intake gallery 2, channel for removal of filtered water 3 from the swimming pool for water heating 4. Flow properties on curves, transverse circulation can protect the filter plates from clogging, because of the small plate filtration velocity compared to a significant longitudinal and radial velocities, on the filter plate walls suspended and bottom sediments will not be deposited.EFFECT: steady intake of filtered water in mountainous and foothill rivers conditions with abundant sediment content, as well as increased efficiency and reliability of its work for the supply of industrial, agricultural and domestic water supply systems.2 dwg

Device for cleaned animal wastes discharge into the containment ponds // 2615348
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device includes a containment pond 1, penstock conduit 2, console head 3, a pipeline end 2 is placed on a concrete base 4. The console head 3 has the transverse water discharge closed tray 5 at the pipeline end 2, made in the plane of rectangular shape, the transverse wall 6 is mounted at its housing end. There are holes 7 in the lateral wall 6 for fastening the short exhaust pipes 8, connecting the tray 5 cavity. The transverse water discharge tray 5 is located at some distance above the dam slope of the containment pond 1 and fixed to the pipeline end 2. The tray 5 by the lower end is rested at the dam slope with the slab floors for its additional stable position over the containment pond 1, on the basis of its high position and the filling with flow. The slope section is overlapped with the metal plate 10 in the place of the spray falling at the dam slope. Provision of the given distribution of wastes flow intensity along the dam slope fixation and provision of the falling flow dropped from the tray through the outlet pipes is achieved by their length and the corresponding geometrical dimensions of the water discharged closed tray itself.EFFECT: reduction of the strengthened dam slope section erosion, simple structure, operation stability and reliability, improved mating of the discharged flow along the dam slope with reduction of the flow intensity at the outlet from the water discharge closed tray.2 cl, 3 dwg

Hydraulic structure for water intake from the spring // 2615338
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic structure for water intake from the spring contains the tank 2, installed in the water bearing bed, made in the form of the stilling chamber 1 with the reversed filter 3 and the water intake hole 4. The waterproofing layer 6 of the required height is located around the chamber 1. The clay retainer 5 is made from above the chamber 1. The stilling chamber 1 contains the mine water outlet 7, whose head is made with L-shaped shield 8 towards the chamber 1 bottom. The end part of the mine water outlet 7 has the threshold 10 with the shelf 11 and the outlet pipe 12. The head of the outlet pipe 12 is fastened by means of the flexible corrugated coupling 13 to the pipe 14, in the upper part of which there is the hinge 20, through which the pipe 14 is connected to the remote rod 15, designed for fixing the pipe 14 free end at the required height in relation to the mine water outlet 7 input head with L-shaped shield 8. The pipe 14 is installed in the tank 16 and with one end is rotatably mounted on the outlet pipe 12. The free end of the pipe 14 has the support 17 in the bottom part, whose height is selected from the estimation, that in the lowest position of the pipe 14 its free end is at the level of the wastewater pipeline 18 with shield 19. There are latches 21 at the rod 15, intended for fixation of the relative positions of the chamber body 1 and rod 15. The water flow, entering the outlet pipe 12 at the end of mine water outlet, is damped by the threshold 10 with the slab shelf 11 and fills the outlet pipe 12 with full section, that creates the favourable conditions for alignment of flow intensities in the pipe 14. There appeared the backwater in the mine water outlet, when lifting the pipe 14 upward, the water level in the chamber 1 is stabilized, the wave process from the water surface disappears, taking into account the work and L-shaped shield 8, located on the head at acute angle to the outer wall of the mine water outlet 7. Such a mode of spring water intake from the aquifer allows to provide the constant work of structure in the offline mode on the underground spring water intake.EFFECT: increase of the efficiency and uniformity of flow allocation along the width of the tank as a whole and reduction of bottom speeds to get more clean water at the entrance to the discharge pipeline, structure simplicity and reliability.4 cl, 1 dwg
ixer with water spout device // 2615295
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: mixer contains a housing, the channels for hot and cold water, a mixing chamber and a water spout device. The mixer includes a housing, consisting of two spring-loaded parts. One part of the housing contains channels for hot and cold water. Another part of the housing contains the holes coaxially positioned with channels and going out into the mixing chamber with water spout device. The flywheel, having the possibility of axial rotation, is located between the mixer housing parts, the holes of which in the working position are also coaxially positioned with channels and holes of the housing parts. The water spout device conatins the spring loaded rod, which goes out from the mixing chamber into the sealed bellows chamber by the action of the force at which occurs the water spout from the mixing chamber.EFFECT: design simplification and reduction of costs in the production of mixer with water spout device.6 cl, 2 dwg
Drain tray with tray body and cover // 2614641
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: drain tray with the tray body and the cover, the tray body and cover over their entire length, when viewed in the longitudinal direction of the tray body, having the first engagement devices on the tray body and the second engagement device on the cover, which connect together the tray body upper edges throughout its length transversely longitudinal direction with the tensile strength. The first engaging devices in accordance with various composition patterns are located on the tray body in such a manner that covers of various types can be used with one tray body.EFFECT: simple design, small costs for manufacturing and warehousing, high endurance of the device.8 cl, 4 dwg
Cover // 2614586
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: cover is comprised of a surface with a planar structure in the first, lower plane and ends with towering elevations, which are located in the second, higher plane above the plane of the structure. The towering ends have a surface structure that prevents slipping, which includes a large number of single elevations and a greater surface roughness than the planar structure located below. The ratio of air volume under single elevations to the volume of single elevations of Vv / Vm = (0.01-0.5) / (0.001-0.05).EFFECT: increased security against slipping.10 cl, 3 dwg
 
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