Water supply and sewerage (E03)
E03 Water supply; sewerage(2586)
FIELD: recycling.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to collection and processing of garbage. Garbage chute comprises a grinding unit, casing, a storage bin and a mixing unit. Method of controlling garbage chute comprises connecting connection hole of storage bin with outlet hole of casing. Connection hole is opened by means of rotation of mixing unit. Grinding unit grinds wastes. Wastes are fed to inlet hole. Connecting hole is closed by means of rotation of mixing unit. Wastes are dehydrated in storage bin by means of rotation of mixing unit and storage bin. Rotation is carried out with first rotation frequency while maintaining closed state of connecting holes.EFFECT: minimising amount of wastes in grinding unit.20 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sanitary equipment. Overflow device has a tube extending along an axis and having two open opposite axial ends and a cover at the top end of the tube. Top end of the tube has an inlet opening bounded by a substantially annular inlet edge. Cover and the inlet opening form a siphon system. Cover has a bottom end edge, which surrounds the inlet edge and is located radially outwards of the inlet edge and axially below or substantially flush with a top face of the inlet edge. Drain valve comprises a supporting structure with a sealing seat bounding a drain hole, and a valve body, and a valve body housed to slide inside the supporting structure and having a shutter at the bottom, which cooperates with the sealing seat to close the drain hole. Valve comprises the above overflow device. Tube limits the valve body or forms a part of the valve body.EFFECT: invention provides an overflow device of improved water disposal capacity, a flush tank incorporated in the drain valve, which is simple, effective and reliable.12 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of hydrotechnical, reclamation, aquicultural construction for horizontal drainages fitting out. Filter is made from round cross-section rods, installed along generatrix along filter axis, connected by stiffness rings from polypropylene, and on outside has water receiving surface from basalt fiber based filtering mats. Frame forming rods and filtering mats of individual links are “overlapped” interconnected with application of “Sprut” glue with formation of continuous water receiving surface.EFFECT: increasing of filtration efficiency by creating of drainage waters reception continuous uniform front.1 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: pumps.SUBSTANCE: system comprises a module for water pumping, consisting of, at least, two pumps with suction and discharge pipelines, receiving tank with feed pipe and shutoff-control device, diagnosed parameters’ analysis module, which contains a unit for analyzing pumping water from a receiving tank, unit of probabilistic analysis of water influx, unit of probabilistic analysis of total feed of pumps, unit of probabilistic analysis of accumulation of waste water flow rate Qacc= Qin-Qww, where Qin, Qcps – consumption of water inflow and total supply of pumps, analysis’ unit of volume of waste water released into the environment, instrumentation module containing feed pumps, pressure sensors, device for measuring power consumption.EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability and broader functional capabilities.4 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic automation and is intended for calibrated filling of various vessels with liquid, in particular drain tanks with side supply of water. Float filling valve with side supply of water comprises a nozzle, housing with bracket installed in cavity of housing of rod and coupled with rod elastic membrane. Nozzle is equipped with a seat in form of nozzle and external mounting cylinder. Bracket of housing is formed by inner and outer shells. Rod by means of main lever interacts with a float. Membrane is fixed in bracket and interacts with nozzle. On housing is fixed a guide, on which float moves. Float is connected with main lever by means of thrust. Control action of main lever is transmitted to rod by means of support lever. Membrane is secured in inner cup of bracket, which is provided with slots and in closed position of fitting interacts with a collar on nozzle around seat.EFFECT: higher efficiency of valve operation.1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: water supply.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to water supply. Method consists in control over water movement in an area of a hydraulic network of an internal fire-fighting water line and control over the use of fire valves located with that area, as well as in logical conversion of incoming information on presence of a water flow within the area of the network and the use of fire valves within that area. Fact of a water leakage from an internal water line network is confirmed by presence of a liquid flow within the controlled area of the hydraulic network and by the closed state of all shutoff cocks of fire valves located with the area of the network. Device comprises a feed or a transit pipeline, lifting or dropping pipes with fire valves arranged on them, shutoff fire cocks of which are provided with indicators of their closed/open position, as well as an address logic information processing unit. Input of each controlled hydraulic area additionally includes hydraulically in series a liquid flow indicator and a controlled valve. Contacts of the indicator are connected to the first conjunction input of the address logic information processing unit. Electromagnet of the controlled valve is connected to the output of the address logic information processing unit. Contacts of each indicator of shutoff cocks of fire valves position are connected to the second conjunction input of the address logic information processing unit.EFFECT: provided is protection of premises against flooding due to emergency disconnection of water supply independently from the place the emergency situation occurrence, provided is operability of the internal fire-fighting water line at failure of tightness of shutoff cocks of separate fire valves under the effect of high temperature of fire, identification of the fire valve, Identification of the hydraulic network area.2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: water supply.SUBSTANCE: detachable cap to save and improve tap water relates to domestic-drinking water supply, in particular, to tap water saving and improvement devices at operation of water draw-off valves. To standard gooseneck with or without thread screwed-in or connected device, having housing, inside which moving rod with rubber disc is arranged, on which surface rectangular metal plate with two rounded ends is attached, intended for rod with rubber disc fixation for retaining flanges to ensure continuous water supply. For this purpose, rod is lifted and rotated at 90°, wherein water continuously flows through device, and then after completion of this operation is returned to initial point in reverse order. To retaining flanges magnetic disc with corresponding hole is applied for tap water improvement. In device lower part twisting cap with holes is provided for uniform supply of water in form of shower. Detachable cap is easy in operation and allows to save tap water at its batch-wise use of not less than 50-70 %, which is very important in case of fresh water shortage.EFFECT: simultaneously, water quality indices are improved.1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sanitary engineering. Device comprises a toilet, bowl configured to receive solid waste being formed in the toilet, bowl is hydrophilic. Device also comprises spray unit (480), detection unit, having at least one of devices: room entrance detection sensor (402), human body detection sensor (403) and a seat contact detection sensor (404), control unit 405 which controls spraying at least one fluid selected from: water and hypochlorous acid water from spray unit (480) before the use of the toilet, when the user detection unit detects a user, and spraying hypochlorous acid water from spraying unit (480) after the use of the toilet, when a prescribed amount of time has passed from when the user detection unit no longer detects a user. Room entrance detection sensor (402) is configured to detect the user entering the toilet room, human body detection sensor (403) is configured to detect the user in front of the toilet seat, and a seat contact detection sensor (404) is configured to detect the user seated on the toilet seat.EFFECT: invention provides cleanliness of the surface of the bowl.4 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: processing and recycling of wastes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wastewater treatment. Device comprises filtering (2) and settling (1) chambers, installed in rain receiving well and arranged one inside the other, in bottom part (5 and 4) of each of which central through hole (10 and 9) is located, as well as vertically oriented overflow pipe (11) with top open end section (12), installed inside said chambers and passing through said through holes. Settling chamber (1) is open from above and has solid side surface (3) and bottom part (4). Filtering chamber (2) is closed from above and has holes (6) for water passage in bottom part (5). Filtering chamber (2) is installed in settling chamber (1) with gap between side surfaces (7 and 3) of said chambers and their bottom parts (5 and 4). In lower part of the filtering chamber (2) filtering material (13) is placed. Overflow pipe (11) is installed so that its top open end section (12) is located in filtering chamber (2) above level of filtering material (13) with possibility of penetration into said end section of water, passing through filtering material (13). In side surface of filtering chamber (2) in area located nearby its bottom part (5) side openings (8) for water passage are located. Filtering chamber (2) is provided with annular baffle plate (16), made in form of truncated cone narrowing downwards, installed inside filtering chamber (2) with gap relative to its bottom part (5) near location zone of side holes (8) for passage of water with provision of deviation of jets of water falling on said annular baffle plate (16) from said side holes (8) in direction to bottom part (5) of filtering chamber (2).EFFECT: higher efficiency of device operation is achieved.1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: technological processes; hydraulic engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering, specifically to devices providing mechanical and chemical water treatment. Water receiving-cleaning device comprises a cylindrical housing divided by perforated partitions into filtration sections, charge, perforated pipe. Cover is installed on top of sections. Charging baskets are made of geosynthetic material and have perforated walls which form filtration sections, in one of which there is charge coated with a chemical disinfectant teotropin - tetraazatricyclododecane in amount of 1-10 mmol per 1 g charge for disinfecting water. Charge is a granular ingredient selected from: foamed polystyrene, rubber crumb or mixture thereof. In middle part of device there is a vertical perforated tube throughout length of device for collecting purified and disinfected water, from where water via a gravity pipeline is supplied to consumer.EFFECT: technical result of disclosed invention is higher quality of cleaning, enabling to perform both mechanical and chemical water treatment.1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewage devices. Method consists in road contaminants washing out by water flow. Drain pipeline end section entering into storm drainage well is made in form of hollow cone, that is, nozzle, and arranged coaxially at leaving well discharge pipeline edge joint. Washout of road contaminations is provided in self-cleaning mode due ejector pump effect action in their joint zone between arriving rainwater flows of one of them outgoing from incoming drain pipeline and correspondingly another in form of water drain into drainage well from road surface.EFFECT: providing for road contaminants washing out by independent self-cleaning as a result of dynamic interaction of incoming into it water flows from incoming sewer pipeline and water drain from road surface.1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sanitary equipment. Bearing device comprises first support, first fastening elements for static mounting of first support on structure, as well as second fastening elements to place toilet tank on first support, second support with third fastening elements for placement of sanitary item on second support. Second support is connected to first support with possibility to move between first upper position and second lower position at some distance from it in direction of gravity. Second support is made with possibility of fixation, at least in first upper position and in second lower position. Between first and second supports at least one spring, acting opposite to direction of gravity, is located. One end of spring is connected to first support, and other end is connected to second support. At least one spring comprises locking mechanism, installed with possibility of locking in any position between lower and upper positions so, that it provides smooth and individual adjustment of height between lower and upper positions. Plumbing equipment comprises above bearing device and sanitary ware item, namely toilet, urinal, bidet and washbasin, fixed on second support of bearing device.EFFECT: simplified control of sanitary ware item height is achieved.24 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a helical liquid ring pump with a built-in grinder. Helical liquid ring pump (1) includes housing (3) with inlet and outlet parts (5), (7) and spiral helical rotor (4), which is installed inside housing (3) with the possibility of rotation and which on one end being the inlet end of housing (3) is equipped with grinder (11) and on the opposite end being the output end of housing (3) is connected with pressure chamber (6). Rotor (4) is installed on shaft (18), which is connected to a drive being a motor. Grinder (11) contains rotor blade (12) connected to the inlet end of rotor (4) and fixed blade (13) connected to cover (15) of grinder (11) body. Each blade has cutting elements or blades. Rotor blade (12) is made with the possibility of free rotation inside fixed blade (13) during operation of the pump. Each cutting element of blade (12) has cutting edge or blade (20) made on curved blade (21), so that the blade has the shape of the pump impeller and facilitates the passage of liquid through grinder (11).EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing the pump efficiency.5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: water supply.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply and water disposal systems. Method consists in that, pump station separation is performed to finite number of N elements. As i-th element of pump station, at least one pump is adopted, at least of one type in combination with all other elements of pump station, which failure leads to said pump shutdown. As pump station i-th element probability parameter sudden failures intensities λi, t are adopted, eliminated during current repairs, and their restoration of µi, t intensities, progressive failures λi, k intensities, eliminated during overhauls, and their restoration of µi, k intensities, as random value pump station delivery Q is adopted. Additionally determining finite number n of pump station conditions, j=0, 1, 2, …, n, and corresponding them pump station deliveries Qj, as well as admissible accuracy σadm of random value distribution law determination and assign simulation modelling duration t. Probabilistic simulation is performed by means of pump station operation simulation modelling results data processing. If produced mean-square deviations σ1 and σ2 exceed admissible accuracy σadm of random value distribution law determination, then increasing simulation modelling duration t and repeat simulation stage until obtained mean-square deviations σ1 and σ2 will not decrease to admissible accuracy σadm, and if obtained mean-square deviations σ1 and σ2 does not exceed admissible accuracy σadm of random value distribution law determination, then by statistical analysis of pump station conditions j and corresponding them deliveries Qj, obtained as a result of simulation modelling, obtaining of a random value Q distribution law of F(q), determining for each value q probability of, that random delivery value Q of pump station receives value is less than q, i.e. F(q) = P(Q < q).EFFECT: method provides increase in pump station operation reliability.1 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: water supply.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply and can be used in water supply systems from surface sources, where there are fluctuations of water levels over time, for example in period of floods, steady low water level. Water intake structure for intake of water from surface sources, equipped in form of coastal water intake comprises water intake chamber 1, side wall of which is equipped with two short pipes 2 and 3, connected to source 18, and is a hydraulic relay, in which levels in water intake chamber are fixed by valve gates 4, 9 with float drive. Bottom valve 4 via hinges 5, 6 is secured with rod 7 of float 8. Upper valve gate 9 via horizontal axis 10 is fixed by lever 11 via hinge 12 with rod 7 also of float 8. Water intake structure is in form of a float with air chamber 17 in lower part of water intake structure and is attached to vertical guide supports by means of annular couplings. Interrelation of operation of pair of valves 4, 9 maintains virtually high accuracy and synchronisation of maintenance of levels in water intake chamber 1, and in suction chamber 15 with pumps 16 with by placing at different height inlet short pipes 2, 3, fixed in side wall of water intake chamber 1, diameters of which can differ, respectively their carrying capacity is different, speed of operation of valves, as well as reliable maintenance of water levels in water intake structure as a whole. Thus, reliable operation in transient modes depending on position of water level in source is provided due to availability of two pipes, interconnected by valves with float drive, in particular, with capacity of pipes, each calculated from condition, so that level at closing or opening moves slower.EFFECT: use of invention enables to automate process of controlling levels between drop in water level of a surface source and a water intake structure and maintain in suction chamber with pumps calm surface water level, hence, reliability and accuracy of operation of water intake structure is improved.1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewage structures. Infiltration system comprises several cover elements intended for covering holes in surface, primarily a horizontal surface, infiltration unit and combined into groups by means of connection braces. Each cover element has an end section, through which cover element rests on an infiltration unit, and a covering section, which has a mesh or perforated structure with support elements. Support elements have thickness, increasing vertically from edge area towards areas further from edge so, that covering element has an essentially plane-convex outer contour. Connection braces have flexible sections enabling elastic displacement of cover elements relative to each other in horizontal direction.EFFECT: providing easy process of installing infiltration system.10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: sewage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to municipal water line. Such result is achieved by that system comprises a primary information processing unit and a network element reliability calculation unit configured to determine reliability of pipes.EFFECT: technical result is broader functional capabilities of system, specifically enabling determination of parameters of accident rate of water supply pipe networks having isolated zones, operated under different pressure and repairability of sections of water supply networks in form of intensity of repair depending on their material and diameter.1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods, systems and devices for waste or storm water discharge. System intended for connection of infiltration units includes first (1) and second (2) connecting elements. Each connecting element has two connected with bridge (21) studs (20, 20′) inserted into receiving holes of the infiltration units. Connection of the infiltration units to each other is performed by means of jumper (21). Presence of first fasteners (22) makes it possible to connect first connecting element (1) with second connecting element (2) with the possibility of installation of first connecting element (1) in the first infiltration unit aflat with its surface or with a recess relative to it, and second connecting element (2) - onto first connecting element (1) with projecting above the surface of the infiltration unit.EFFECT: provided are high strength of the connection and accurate mutual setting of the infiltration units able for easy mounting.11 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: construction; technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water treatment plants. Unit comprises a housing arranged on supports, grid made in the form of a closed filtering cloth with rod-fixed catching hook rows connecting drive chains, as well as a device for cleaning said grid. Cleaning device is made in the form of a brush of flexible rods and is connected with an individual rotation drive. Each catching hook is made in the form of a half-bent band of sheet resilient spring material, in the middle part of which there is a hook, in end parts of which there are holes for rods with internal spacer bushings. Along the contour of holes in the band there are semicircular outer-side-molded recesses.EFFECT: invention provides simplified technology of making catching hooks and filtering cloth.1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sewage systems. Grid element includes a T-shaped section profile and a lap plate made from wood-polymer composite material. Lap plate has a groove and is installed on the T-shaped section profile wall on the side opposite to the profile flange, by insert of the wall into this groove. Method of mounting the lap plate on the grid element is realised by making a groove in the said lap plate and insert of the said profile wall into the groove. Overflow chute grid comprises at least two of the said elements.EFFECT: higher strength, better reparability and wear resistance, as well as simplifying the manufacturing process of the grid element are achieved.6 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sanitary equipment. Method of replacing a urinal unit syphon trap consists of the following steps: closing an additional syphon trap of the urinal unit, removing the replaced syphon trap, inserting a new syphon trap, which replaces the removed syphon trap, opening the said additional syphon trap. Additional syphon trap is opened automatically by inserting an insert structural element. New syphon trap is made as an insert structural element or has an insert structural element. Urinal unit contains a replaceable and an additional syphon traps connected in series, there is an insert structural element. Additional syphon trap is arranged so, that it is automatically opened by inserting the insert structural element into the urinal unit and is automatically closed by removing the insert structural element from the urinal unit. Replaceable syphon trap works as the insert structural element or contains the insert structural element.EFFECT: bad smell is prevented.18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, to devices intended for increasing quality of cleaning water in a closed manifold drain system and can be used for drying soil by closed drainage and use thereof and operation of drainage systems. Drain pressure drop well includes cylindrical housing 1 with cover 2 arranged with difference inlet 3, 4, 5 and outlet 6 pipes of closed collectors and settling tank. Settling tank is divided by vertical plate 9 with holes 10 in its lower part and height greater than height of outlet pipe 6 of closed collector in wall of well from bottom of settling tank, into two sections 7 and 8 so that section 7 of settling tank acts as stilling basin receiving water from inlet pipes 3, 4, 5, and section 8 directly of settling tank. Each inlet well pipe 3, 4, 5 of closed collector is equipped with guide pipe 13, fitted by one end at outlet of inlet well pipe 3, 4, 5. Other end of guide pipe 13 is U-shaped and is located in section stilling basin 7.EFFECT: technical result is improved reliability and longevity of action not lower than standard service life of closed collector below well.1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: automatic monitoring and control of water supply is carried out using microprocessor unit, level sensors in a drinking water reservoir (h), pressure in backbone network, water consumption by consumers (Qu), water pressure at outlet of pump stations (Ph) and at managing point (Pdt), actuating mechanisms. At onset of day electricity tariff, subroutine depending on performance of pumps and water consumption by consumers calculates minimum value Pdt and h of water, compares said values with readings of sensors and at equal or less values transmits a command to actuating mechanisms to feed water into water storage tank. At onset of night zone electricity tariff, subroutine for controlling water reserves analyses water consumption and based on consumption of water by consumers at end of night zone transmits a signal to actuating mechanisms and then to pumps for complete filling of water storage tanks.EFFECT: providing uninterrupted water supply and reduction of electric power costs.1 cl
FIELD: valves production.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in domestic plumbing equipment for mixing of cold and hot water. Mixer (10) for bath consists of three outlets (21, 24, 25) of mixed water, specifically: outlet (11) for bath and outlet of mixed water for top shower (14), and outlet for manual shower (15). Made elongated housing (20) of mixer has longitudinal side feeds (22, 23) of cold and hot water, respectively. On lying opposite to each other end sides of housing (20) of mixer on one side there is a device for controlling temperature of mixed water released through outlets (21, 24, 25) of mixed water and, on other side there is switching cartridge (32) actuated by turning handle (31) for connection to adjustment device of optionally one mixed water outlet. Adjustment device is made in form of single lever mixing device with manual lever (27) and mixing cartridge (26) driven by it to adjust amount and temperature of mixed water. Switching cartridge (32) provides possibility of three-way switching.EFFECT: enabling control of water pumping through three mixed water outlets by one control element.4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: sewage devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewage devices. Station contains reservoir and at least one pump unit installed in it. Pump unit is equipped with outlet branch pipe, which is connected to outlet pipeline. Pump unit through hole in wall of the reservoir is inserted in it with possibility of repeated extraction. Outlet branch is connected to outlet pipeline by means of coupling, detachable in direction of pump unit insertion. Coupling preferably contains first half-coupling installed on outlet branch pipe, and second half-coupling installed on output pipeline, which are in detachable engagement with each other. Second half-coupling is movable so that it can be automatically oriented relative to other half-coupling. Outlet pipeline at least at some sections is made with possibility of elastic deformation, and by its end is connected to second half-coupling and installed inside tank in support. Support is made so that second half-coupling mobility is enabled at end of outlet pipeline.EFFECT: possibility of easy insertion of pump unit in tank with simple connection with pressure or, respectively, outlet pipeline inside tank.8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: personal use and household items.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sanitary devices. Insert for urinal unit can be mounted in drain hole of urinal unit and has at least one outlet hole for dispensing of liquid on surface of urinal unit bowl, in drain hole of which there is insert. Liquid is sprayed or sprayed over surface of urinal unit bowl. Urinal unit contains drain hole in combination with insert installed in drain hole. Insert has at least one outlet hole for dispensing of liquid on surface of urinal unit bowl. Insert directly or indirectly adjoins liquid collector, that is sprinkled or sprayed through outlet hole. Insert is used for described above urinal unit.EFFECT: liquid is either cleaning or disinfecting.26 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: treatment plants.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water treatment. Device includes a metal or plastic housing communicated with a filtrate collector. Housing comprises a cleaned fluid discharge branch pipe, a suspension feed pipe and an inspection window for monitoring level of sediment. Housing accommodates a filter element and a sediment discharge mechanism consisting of a flywheel with a screw, a piston and a guide installed in slots of piston and sediment collector. Sediment collector is connected to lower part of housing and has on its base a sediment discharge branch pipe with a rotary valve.EFFECT: reduced concentration of solid wastes in sewage water, longer life of pipes, reduced number of inspections of sewage systems.1 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewage systems. Surface module comprises base, above which protrude spacers, which taper is determined by angle α relative to vertical. These elements in cross section have passing wavy side surfaces, which have alternating wave crests and recesses of wave. Wave tops are made with transition into recesses of wave through transition sections. Transition sections have smaller thickness of material than wave recesses.EFFECT: improved suitability for stacking and maximum high stability.8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices intended for fluid intake from a source, mainly water from a reservoir, rivers, channels, trays, pools, tanks, etc. Device for fluid intake comprises inlet funnel, float installed with possibility of vertical movement, telescopically connected pipes, bend with discharge pipe and elements, connecting float with ends of funnel. In middle part of float there is a cone-shaped air feed pipe with upper and lower protrusions and directed towards inlet funnel. Telescopically connected pipes are tapering downwards. Connecting elements are spring-loaded.EFFECT: simplified design and higher reliability.1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sanitary equipment. Toilet Bowl contains drain tank, water distribution device, a device for filling with an inlet valve, device of flattening, flushing bowl with seat and footstep for squats arranged on sides of wash basin. Footrests are hinged on elevators and are spring-loaded. Elevator is connected with control panel. Flush tank on housing is fixed inflatable device, receiving shape of back and having lateral clamps, locking optimum position of housing during defecation. Inflatable device is connected through control panel with compressed air source.EFFECT: higher comfort and convenience of use, as well as improved internal intestinal ecology due to optimisation of body position during defecation.5 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: treatment plants.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to auxiliary devices for fluid supply facilities, which is preferably used in water treatment systems. Adapter (1) with a single channel for passage of liquid consists of upper part (2) equipped with a connecting element, with arranged therein section (9) of a single channel, and lower part (3), made with ascending (7) and descending (8) through longitudinal sections of a single channel, throttling device (10) and air gap (11). Section (9) of single channel of upper part (2) is formed at connection of connecting element of upper part (2) with lower part (3). Part of single channel consists of ascending (7) longitudinal section of channel and section (9) of single channel located in upper part (2), to ensure liquid passage to throttling devices (10) with equal speed. Ascending (7) longitudinal channel section and in liquid communication therewith section (9) of channel, located in upper part (2), have preferably an equal cross section. Connecting element of upper part (2) is made in form of grooves (4) with an arched shape, located inside upper part (2). Outer upper surface of lower part (3) has protrusion (5), shaped after recess (4), with a groove made along whole length of protrusion (5), repeating shape of protrusion (5) and confined by two side walls. Section (9) of single channel, located in upper part (2), is formed at connection of upper (2) and lower (3) parts due to internal free space of recess (4) of upper part (2) and groove of protrusion (5) of lower part (3) and has larger part of an arched shape.
EFFECT: reduced noise and vibration caused by flow of liquid through adapter.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: mining; processing and recycling of wastes.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for reagentless treatment of industrial waste, drainage water, in diamond and mining industry, in hydraulic engineering structures for preliminary water preparation. Method for reagentless treatment of quarry water includes continuous hydroacoustic action on the purified quarry water with the help of waves of sound frequency range with hydroacoustic coagulation of heavy metals with suspended substances and their subsequent concentration in precipitation compacted by hydroacoustic seal in sequentially and functionally connected main settler 11, first 17 and second 18 additional settlers. Additionally the mid layer of quarry water is released from the output of the second additional settler. Settling section 11 of quarry water coarse purification is used as the main settler. Deepened and expanded collecting trenches 17 are used as the first additional settler, built in the area of distributed releases from water conduit for settling section 11 of quarry water coarse purification to surface filtration field 21. Second additional settler is a semi-open settler 18 - part of the surface filtration field filled with cleared quarry water. Settler-accumulator 20 is used as the third additional settler. Filtration dam 19 is additionally used, it is the output of semi-open settler and input into the settler-accumulator, and surface run-off field 21 - section of the natural landscape from the settler-accumulator 20 to input into natural water course. Quarry water hydroacoustic degassing and hydroacoustic deposition of the initial and previously coagulated suspended substances is performed by hydroacoustic waves of sound frequency range and ultrasonic frequency range radiation directed downwards. Whole volume of quarry water is released from the output of the settling section 11 of coarse purification. Mid layer of quarry water is released from the output of the second additional settler 18 through filtration dam 19 in the third additional settler 20. Hydroacoustic seal of impermeable dams bodies of all three additional settlers are performed by hydroacoustic waves of sound frequency range and ultrasonic frequency range radiation directed towards them.
EFFECT: invention enables the step-by-step quality purification of quarry water to standards required by environmental laws, as well as effective reagentless precipitation seal with minimum financial and time expenditures ensuring safety for human being and environment.
1 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: water supply.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnical structures, intended for extraction of ground water. Well is made in form of a shaft fitted with well elements in form of tubes. Well is equipped with a coupling, shaft tubes form combinations. Coupling keeps combinations of tubes. Each of tubes is a separate discrete well.
EFFECT: simplified production of well and prevention of contamination of water during multiple extraction of separate portions of water.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: production of fittings.
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in water-supply equipment for mixing in any ratio of hot and cold water and supply thereof to a shower or bath. Double-handle mixer tap comprises a body with channels for supply of hot and cold water and overflow of mixed water to a shower or outpour, two headworks with rotary handles and movable and fixed distribution plates. Fixed plates have through openings: central one and two arc-like ones around the former, while in the moving plate there is a sector groove. Each movable plate is kinematically connected with the rotary handle. Central openings of the fixed plates are connected with each other by an additional body channel. Arc-like openings in the first headworks are connected with the channels for supply of hot and cold water, respectively, and in the second headwork - with body channels, connecting them with the shower or outpour, respectively. Rotation of the movable plate of the second headwork directs the mixed water to the shower or outpour with adjustment of its flow rate. One of the distribution plates of the second headwork is equipped with an additional groove. Providing small enveloping of at least one through arc-like opening with the sector groove in the closed position of this headwork.
EFFECT: higher reliability of operation of the proposed mixer tap due to introduction into it of a device warning the user (by water pouring from the mixer tap) about incorrect closing of the mixer tap, which, in its turn, makes it possible to eliminate excessive consumption of water in supplying water systems and violation of temperature balance in them.
1 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply. Pump station comprises pumping device (1), hydraulic accumulator (2), representing a steel tank with a rubber membrane, automation unit (5), comprising device (6) for control and protection of pump, and stabiliser (7) of water pressure, interconnected by pipelines (8). In hydraulic accumulator (2) there is a rigid partition, separating 1/2÷1/5 volume, in which there is a second membrane, connected via pipeline (8) with stabiliser (7) of pressure.
EFFECT: higher reliability and quality of water supply, creation of stable pressure in water supply network, as well as reduced load on pump.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: water supply.
SUBSTANCE: method uses a sealed boiler divided into two cavities by an elastic membrane. One of the cavities is filled with gas under pressure, and the second cavity is hydraulically connected to the water supply. Boiler is placed in the medium with stable temperature equal to the temperature of supplied water. Gas chamber is partially filled with liquid, the temperature of the saturated steam of this liquid is equal to the water temperature at the predetermined pressure.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of using the boiler and high stability of pressure in water supply network.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: sanitary-engineering installation.
SUBSTANCE: present group of inventions relates to sanitary-engineering installations. Toilet bowl comprises a liquid collection pan, a siphon to drain liquids from the pan, a liquid distribution rim having at least one portion configured to reproduce the top edge of the pan along a common plane of lie and which has a toroidal cross-section generating a tubular chamber for the passage of liquids; the rim and the pan being made as a single body in a mould; an outer casing for housing the pan and the rim in the form of a single body. Siphon portion for draining liquids is separate from the pan, formed as a single body with the casing, and configured to be joined to the pan inside the said casing. Method of making the toilet bowl includes the following steps: providing the first mold for forming a pan and rim as a single body, wherein the first mold consists of two parts, i.e. from the lower part and the upper part, which can moved for opening and closing along the axis perpendicular to the common plane of lie and parallel to the main axis passing through the height; forming the cup and rim by casting into the first mold; providing the second mold to form the body containing a siphon; forming the body and siphon to drain liquids from the pan by casting into the second casting mould; lifting the upper part of the first mold to extract the pan and rim from the mould; opening the second mold to prepare the body to place the pan and rim; inserting tha pan and rim into the body so that they rest on it; and connecting the siphon to drain liquids to the lower part of the pan.
EFFECT: production of ceramic toilet bowl, which can be made more quickly and using less expensive equipment.
12 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: water supply.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply and drainage. System comprises multiple water supply networks (1), which include units (2) of metering water for subscribers (4) with data output (3) means, and water disposal networks (5), which include units (6) for metering waste water consumption and atmospheric precipitation sensors (8). Sensors are configured for determining intensity of rain. Water supply and water disposal networks are divided into zones so that zones of water supply networks coincide with zones of water disposal networks. Units (6) for metering waste water consumption are installed at outlet of each water disposal zone and are additionally equipped with means for outputting information (7). System is additionally equipped with unit (9) for determination of ambient air temperature, unit (10) for determination of actual efficiency, at least one local surface run-off of megapolis, unit (11) for determination of water consumption in zones to input of which are connected to outputs of information output means (3) of units (2) of metering water at subscribers (4), unit (12) for water drainage systems in zones to input of which are connected to outputs of information output means (7) units (6) of waste water consumption unit (13) for estimation of atmospheric precipitation in zones to input of which are connected to outputs of sensors of precipitation (8), unit (14) for evaluation of water drainage systems in zones of individual water supply sources, at least one sensor (15) for water level in reservoir (16) of megapolis, unit (17) forming zonal database containing data field date k, water consumption Vk vodopotrebl, required Vk vodootved, water removal from individual water supply sources Vk vodootved i.i., water levels of megapolis Hk, volume of precipitation, actual efficiency, at least one local surface run-off, ambient air temperature, to input of which are connected to outputs of unit (9) for determination of ambient air temperature, unit (10) for determination of actual efficiency, at least one local surface run-off; unit (11) for determination of water consumption in zones of unit (12) for water drainage systems in zones of unit (13) estimation of atmospheric precipitation in zones, unit (14) evaluation of water drainage systems in zones of individual water supply sources and at least one sensor (15) water level in reservoir of megapolis, unit (18) of primary data sampling of zonal databases on condition of zero volume of precipitation, to input is connected to output (17) zonal databases, unit (19) of secondary data sampling of primary data sampling by condition of positive ambient air temperature and zero actual efficiency at least one local surface run-off system, to input is connected to output of unit (18) of primary data sampling unit (20) tertiary data sampling from secondary data sampling by condition of simultaneous decreasing/increasing water level and decrease megapolis/increasing disposal systems, to input is connected to output of unit (19) for generating secondary data sampling unit (21) assessment of balance, to input is connected to output of unit (20) for tertiary data sampling. Unit (21) for assessment of balance is configured to form of tertiary data sampling of multiple n pairs of values of Vk = Vk vodopotrebl. - Vk vodootved. - Vk vodootved i.i and corresponding arguments Hk, as well as defining V = ƒ(H) of water influx of water bodies, which at points of H1,…, Hk,…, Hn assumes values as possible close to values of V1,…Vk,…,Vn or equal to these values.
EFFECT: wider field of application.
1 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: water supply.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water supply. System comprises circular water supply network (1), divided into zones (2 and 3) interconnected by water lines (22), sources (4) power supply network water, areal pump stations (7) with suction pipelines (6), parallel pumps (8) with pressure pipelines (9) connected with pressure main pipelines (10) for supply of water in zone, areal standby-adjusting tank (5) connected to at least one source (4) for supply of network with water and areal pump stations (7) by means of suction pipelines (6) installed at water supply network (1) at least one zone at least one augmenting pump station (11) with suction pipeline (12) installed at water supply network pump station (15) with feed (16) and discharge (17) via pipelines and connected to it non-pressure standby-adjusting tank (18). Non-pressure standby-adjusting tank (18) is connected by supply pipeline (16) with pump station (15) installed on water supply network, at least one augmenting pump station (11) of at least one zone is additionally equipped with pressure pipeline (13) and local water supply network (14). Pressure pipeline (13) is connected with local water supply network (14), and suction pipeline (12) with water supply network (1) of this area. System is additionally equipped with supply pipeline (19) which connects water supply network (1) and non-pressure standby-adjusting tank (18), extra local water supply network (20) connected to supply pipeline (16), bypass line (21), connecting supply pipeline (19) with discharge pipes (17).
EFFECT: reduced power consumption for transportation of water and higher reliability.
9 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnical construction and can be used for removal of deposits on water intake facilities with intake from lower layers of water for agricultural water supply. Water intake comprises rainwater perforated tubes 10, laid into a layer of filtering surface, protective shield made from laid in a row with clearance rods 1, connected to lower side of hollow pipes 2. Hollow pipes 2 are made on upper generatrix of pipe with air outlet holes between free sections of each rod 1. Inside hollow pipes 2 are fixed on bottom additional pipes 4 with clearance. Additional pipes 4 are made from soft elastic material with micropores. Additional pipes 4 are pneumatically communicated via air duct 5 with tap 6, cavity of which is connected with compressor 7 of compressed air fed via air duct 5 into additional pipes 4. Compressor 7 is connected with time relay 8. End sections of hollow pipes 2 have washing calibrated holes 9, and end sections of additional pipes 4 are plugged.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, reliability and reduced operating costs.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewage devices. Drain well, first of all channel drain well, has receiving box, which is made for accommodation and holding of tank with discharge siphon gate and has at least one borehole wall, which protrudes into reservoir and forms with bottom of reservoir at least one hole, through which waste water flows, and has barrier, through which waste water flows and which forms maintained level of waste water in reservoir. Drain well also comprises drain box which places overflowing waste water and sends in drain pipe union, and inspection, which includes hole lockable by locking element, through which drain pipe union is accessible without crossing receiving box. Hole is located below barrier, i.e. below maintained level and audit includes nozzle, which stands on reservoir bottom and opened upwards and is open on side to drain box and to drain pipe union.
EFFECT: complete cleaning of drain well in simple manner.
9 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: manufacturing technology.
SUBSTANCE: device for extraction of fresh water from atmospheric air comprises a container for collection of moisture, made of light material (polypropylene) in form of surface of revolution, balloon, lifting container. Container for collection of moisture is made of multiple series-stacked containers with a funnel and a top cover. In lower part, each container has a cylindrical spring corrugated insert. Base of each container is fixed on cover of container located below. In all containers in cover on side there is an outlet opening with a check valve, allowing outlet of air outside. In lower part of all containers at bottom with an edge there is additionally an inlet opening for connecting adjacent containers arranged one above other. In lower container inlet opening is linked with ambient air. All inlet openings end with side tube, removing air so that it can move in a clockwise direction, along circumference, along inner surface of corrugated insert. Opening of side tube has a check valve, which does not allow air passage in reverse side. In centre of cover there is a central hole for air passage into container mounted above. From upper container air from central hole is removed outward. Above central holes there are beaks made of foil, foil plates are parallel to axis of symmetry. Under beaks there are funnel-like water intakes with tubes extending on axis of symmetry along containers. Under bottom container there is a common tray, made in form of socket facing by wide part downwards and resting on grid base attached to surface. Surface of grid base is equipped with common water collector.
EFFECT: increased volume of accumulated moisture.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: plumbing equipment.SUBSTANCE: present invention is intended for use as a mixer of cold and hot water. Mixer comprises an inlet valve head with pipes for cold and hot water, the outlet of which is connected to the inlet opening of the inlet valve head via a channel, an outlet opening of which is connected to the water outlet. Two input openings of the fixed disc of the inlet valve head are arranged in symmetry, each of them is at the angle of up to 180° to the center that is offset relative to the disc center. Movable disc has a through hole, similar to those of the fixed disc. Water flow temperature control is performed within the limits of turn of up to 180°. Shutoff element of the outlet valve head is a contact between the fixed and movable discs with openings, similar to the openings of the movable disc of the inlet valve head. Adjustment water pressure is performed within the limits of turn of up to 180°.EFFECT: higher accuracy of temperature selection and water pressure, higher efficiency of the mixer.1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: in two versions of design of manhole hatch it comprises frame 1 with support ledge 2 arranged along inner contour of frame 1 and cover 3 with supporting surface 4 along its contour, which is in contact with support ledge 2 of frame 1. Frame 1 and cover 3 are made of plastic material (for example, from thermoplastic polymer compositions, polymer-sand compositions, composite materials, etc.) by casting or pressing in moulds. Frame and cover 3 can have in plane both round 5 and rectangular 6 shapes. At that, cover 3 can be installed either in frame 1 or free, or by means of hinge 7. In any version, in support ledge 2 of frame 1 there are cavities 8 for installation into them, at least of one support rod 9, whereon cover 3 rests. To increase carrying capacity of hatch it can be equipped with support elements 18, which should be performed in form of one or several support rings connected with support rods 9. First version of hatch design is characterised by that inner surface of cover 3 is smooth and directly rests on support rods 9 and support elements 18. Second version of design is characterised by that on inner surface of cover 3 there are stiffening ribs 19 in contact with support rods 9 and support elements 18.EFFECT: invention solves task of improving strength properties of hatch at closed cover, which enables its use on roadway of roads; besides, task of improving security of service of manhole at open hatch cover solves simultaneously by same tools, which prevents people and animals falling into well.30 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewage devices. Apparatus comprises a tank, a pump and, located in tank, a filling level sensor. Sensor has, located in tank, a closed membrane housing which has in housing wall a moving membrane. Membrane is connected inside membrane housing with at least one sensor or switch for switching on and off pump. Membrane housing on its upper end is connected to a sensor, wherein there is a switch or sensor. Sensor housing is closed relative to membrane housing. There is a magnetic link between sensor or switch in sensor housing and membrane or movably connected with membrane an actuator located in membrane housing.EFFECT: providing improved apparatus for transfer of waste water with improved filling level sensor, having high functional reliability.12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Tank comprises a single-wall reservoir equipped with water inlet device. Inside a housing of light alloy metal are mounted two heaters, thermal sensor, water level scale, a control panel, solenoid valve, nozzle, water level sensor and computer. Signals are transmitted to control panel with water level scale, computer, water level sensor. Output of control panel is connected with solenoid valve, a computer, water level sensor, and computer is connected with pump supplying water in nozzle.EFFECT: reduced weight of tank, automation of pumping, heating, running water when necessary, as well as broader functional capabilities.1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: plumbing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plumbing. Toilet bowl comprises housing (1) of toilet bowl and tank (2) for water, located on watertight housing (1). Toilet bowl housing is equipped with chamber (11) for flushing water chamber (11) is connected with tank (2) for water, and tank is equipped with button (21). Discharge pipe (111) of chamber (11) for flush water is connected to external sewage pipe through a water-saving device comprising a casing, flexible branch pipe (4) and valve assembly, which controls closing and opening of flexible branch pipe (4). Valve assembly is connected with said button. Flexible pipe (4) is located in casing in inclined position, one end of flexible branch pipe (4) is connected to outlet pipe (111), while other end is connected to external sewage pipe. Valve comprises rotary element (51), rotating shaft (52) and first clamping element (53). Rotating shaft (52) located on housing, rotor (51) rotatably located on rotating shaft (52), said first pressing member (53) is located at front end of pivot member (51). First pressing member (53) presses flexible tube (4) for opening and closing the flexible tube (4) by turning rotary member (51).EFFECT: providing a simple construction toilet, improving water use ratio.8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sewerage.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of storm sewer. Storm water basin is composed of tubular vessel with bottom on open end of which there is an annular horizontal thrust ledge with annular vertical flange. On side surface there is at least one horizontal cylindrical outlet pipe for connection to storm sewer. Storm water basin is collapsible in midplane. On vertical ends of each of lateral sides connected halves extension part there are locking elements for connection and their assembly into a tubular container. On lower edge of inner lateral sides of halves extension part is a support ledge for installation of detachable bottom.EFFECT: ensuring maximum possible dense packing of storm water basin in terms of storage and transportation, as well as easy manufacture of elements of storm water basin by casting or pressing them in half-moulds.5 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: sanitation equipment.SUBSTANCE: ceramic toilet bowl comprises cup for collection of liquids, rim for distribution of liquids and separate outer housing to accommodate bowl and rim. Form part of rim repeats upper edge of cup at common plane fit. Rim has toroidal in cross section of tubular cavity for fluid passages. Toilet bowl comprises first set of perimeter surfaces to define part of tubular cavity rim, and surface to connect rim with cup. Surfaces parallel to each other and extend across direction lateral to common plane fit. Toilet bowl comprises a second group perimeter surfaces to define another part of tubular cavity passing parallel to common plane adjoining and connected to surfaces of first group. One surface of second group, determining an upper wall tubular cavity is provided with projecting flange. Flange forms surface, where rim rests on upper surface of housing. Method of making toilet bowl provides presence of first mould. Bowl and rim made by casting into first mould. Provides for presence of second mould. Housing is formed by casting into second mould. Lifted extractor from matrix of first mould. Second mould is opened. Insert cup and ring in housing with support on housing.EFFECT: simplified design and reduced time for manufacture of toilet bowl is provided.16 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to treatment of effluents. Device comprises installed into sewer manholes filter cell containing two supporting perforated plates, between which a filter material, as well as means for creation of well upstream of treated wastewater and installation of filter cells with provision for passage of said upward flow in upward direction. Filtering material used is a peat load. Filter cell further comprises a filter plate made of porous polyethylene and below top relative to direction of flow of said perforated support plate. One of surfaces of filter plate is rough. Filter plate faces said peat load with said rough surface.EFFECT: higher quality of purifying waste water due to increased reliability and efficiency of peat load.1 cl, 1 dwg