Internal air conditioner unit
SUBSTANCE: air conditioner comprises: a main body which includes a suction port and an outlet; a heat exchanger that cools the indoor air of a room sucked through a suction port; a cross flow fan that sucks the indoor air of the room through the suction port, and also allows the cold-air cooled by the heat exchanger to be discharged to the room through the outlet; an airflow direction adjusting unit configured to control the directions of the air flow discharged through the outlet, a drainage tray assembly that is located under the heat exchanger for collecting water condensate formed by the heat exchanger; and a flap that is pivotally connected to the drainage tray assembly to open the outlet and whose pivot axis is formed at the top of outlet. The drainage tray assembly includes: a stabiliser unit that directs the cold air after heat exchange in the heat exchanger towards the outlet without backflow and comprises a part that has a surface facing the collection part, and an opposite surface facing air flow direction control unit; a receiving space for receiving a part of the flap formed therein when the flap f is at least partially opened by rotating the rotary axis; a guide that protrudes forward from the stabiliser unit and is located between the receiving space and the suction port to obstruct the cold air outlet through the gap between the flap and the stabiliser unit in a state where the flap is at least partially opened and the wall that extends with a rounding from the stabiliser unit surface for separating the receiving space of the drainage tray assembly from the collecting part of the drainage tray assembly.
EFFECT: preventing the formation of dew at the top of the outlet.
9 cl 7 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: pump tube 51 comprises tubular element 47 with ring 53, 54 at far end shaped so that only part of said ring is located in plate arranged at extreme end of tubular element perpendicular to its axis. Elastic diaphragm 52 has cutout and extends through tubular element inert part to open for sucked-in water passage. Invention covers also integral pickup and inlet pipe assembly 50 including pipe 55 and self-heating thermistor 56 connected therewith, and means 69 to transmit self-heating thermistor working parameter indicating water presence to condensate removal pump. Said integral pickup and inlet pipe assembly is sized to be fitted into 20mm-ID-tube.
EFFECT: reduced bubbling water noise.
14 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: air conditioner is intended for creating comfortable conditions in various rooms. Air conditioner includes two sections having independent fans, as well as condenser and evaporator, which are located in different compartments, rotary grid, control panel, casing, air filter, external louvres, rotary compressor, expansion tank, filter drain, centrifugal fan, axial fan, electric motor of fans, capillary tube connected at the inlet with filter drain and inlet channel of evaporator and also connecting outlet and inlet evaporator channels, melt water collecting tank arranged under evaporator and connected to coil of rotary compressor with connection pipes of various height and having restrictor of maximum and minimum level of melt water, which controls drain valve of melt water from melt water collecting tank through coil of rotary compressor; at that, when drained, melt water enters the bath located under lower part of rotary compressor so that the contact between lower hot part of casing of rotary compressor and the water entering the bath can be provided.
EFFECT: improving reliability and cooling efficiency of cooling unit of air conditioner, increasing its operating life.
FIELD: air conditioning, in particular, for cabinets of switch gears.
SUBSTANCE: the system has a cabinet for switch gears with a cooling device, with the aid of an air blower it is possible to suck in warm air from the cabinet inner cavity for the switch gears and supply it to the evaporator, from which cold air can be directed to the cabinet inner cavity for the switch gears, a condenser is positioned under the evaporator, supplied to which can be the incoming air from the environment, the extension of the lines of cold gears may be constant or varied, switch gears may be constant or varied, the cooling device consists of an upper bearing plate, lower bearing plate and a box-like protective casing of the hood type closing both bearing plates, the air-conditioning system has several evaporators positioned in the plane of air blowing, the condenser is positioned under the evaporators so that the evaporators positioned at a distance from one another by one section or by their front areas are positioned above the condenser, and the condensate fed from the evaporators in the located above the condenser areas drops onto the condenser and evaporates, approximately similar pressure ratios are maintained in the chamber formed by the upper bearing plate and in the chamber formed by the lower bearing plate in connection with the protective casing of the hood type.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
13 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to ventilation and fire safety equipment and is intended for ventilation of rooms with fire safety doors. Indoor air temperature variations are detected by a device consisting of a case with three or more levers connected to gate valves and controlling ventilation orifice opening. Air supply to a room can also be controlled by switching solenoid on and off by a command from control unit.
EFFECT: device installed in fire safety door ensures automatic room ventilation when personnel is inside and cuts air supply out in fire hazard situation.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to a structure of an internal air conditioner unit. The internal air conditioner unit containing a panel housing, a rear casing and a front panel, with that, the panel housing encloses side parts and an upper part of the air conditioner and is adapted for installation of the front panel; the rear casing encloses the rear part of the air conditioner; the front panel is made in the front part and tightly attached to the panel housing; the rear casing, the panel housing and the front panel define an internal chamber of the air conditioner, in which a heat exchanger, control components and ventilation parts are installed; an air outlet is made in the lower part of the front panel; with that, the air outlet is open or closed with an air flow guide plate installed in the front panel or located on the panel housing; with that, a toothed surface containing a variety of concave grooves is located in the lower part of the air outlet.
EFFECT: invention allows avoiding water condensation formed as a result of a difference of local temperature.
9 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device of stabilisation of air flow rate comprises a housing 1 with a regulating valve in the form of a stationary disc with slots 2 and a rotating disc 3 with mating slots and a rotation stopper 4. The rotating disc 3 is attached to the common axis 5 with an impeller 6 receiving the pressure of inlet airflow. The axis 5 rests on the stationary disc with the slots 2 and the rack 7. The angle of rotation of the impeller 6 is regulated by tension of the elastic element 8 fastened with one end on the axis 5, and with the other end on the tension adjustment screw 9 of the elastic element 8. The adjustment screw 9 is mounted on the rack 7. The proposed design of the device of stabilisation of air flow rate can be incorporated into the channels of arbitrary orientation in space, including in a horizontal channel.
EFFECT: ability to work without energy consumption from an external source.
SUBSTANCE: changing outdoor temperature, and hence, the pressure drop is perceived by the flap mounted on a horizontal pivot axis. The air flow control comprising the exhaust duct with the suction window, characterised in that in the duct on a horizontal pivot axis a flap is installed, the air flow limiter is mounted in parallel to the axis of the flap, in the form of a pin attached to opposite sides of the duct with the ability to move, the control is provided with a device locking position of the flap, made of two permanent magnets, one of which is rigidly secured to the flap, the other - on the inner side of the duct, while the magnets are located with like poles towards each other. To ensure minimum friction the horizontal pivot axis is mounted in nylon bushings.
EFFECT: control provides the calculated air exchange excluding aftercooling of air in the room, resulting in savings of heat during the cold season.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for protection of vent grates against icing. Grates are heated by making hollow stiffness ribs at grates and laying heating cable inside said stiffness ribs. Optimum spacing between said rubs and louver thickness are selected to ensure optimum heating of louvre by transfer of heat therefrom over metal.
EFFECT: ruled out icing at low arctic temperatures at standard operating conditions of electric heater.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: control method of air flow separation at the suction passage inlet consists in action on the flow of a shield installed at the passage inlet perpendicular to its axis and a mechanical screen with a central hole, which is located before the suction passage on one axis and perpendicular to the passage axis.
EFFECT: increasing resistance of the air entering suction holes, reducing consumption of the air supplied to them, which can be useful for reduction of volume of the air entering through leakages to aspiration hoods or to open transport passages.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to air treatment by fine particles and may be used for air disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation. Proposed device comprises first outlet to eject first airflow upward, second outlet arranged under first outlet to eject second airflow into space located under first airflow, and device to create fine particles. Note here that concentration of particles ejected via first outlet is smaller than that ejected via second outlet. Note that proposed device ejects fine particles only through second outlet. Set of invention relates also to sprayer of fine particles that ejects particles in air by pressure blower. Note here that air duct communicating said blower with outlet comprises multiple vertical separation channels for vertical separation of outlet. Note also that airflow rate in one of said vertical separation channels at upper section exceeds that at lower section.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of air treatment.
20 cl, 28 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: by means of installation of a heating cable along a shell, stiffening ribs and parts of grid fixation with further application of a heat insulating coating on them, thermal energy is accumulated in massive parts and sent to less massive louvers, which have contact with heated parts by metal.
EFFECT: method and device make it possible to eliminate icing of grids with simultaneous preservation of gaps between louvers required to let air through in the specified volume without considerable increase of dimensions of ventilation grids.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall grid, namely for air passage from air conditioner to outer side, consists of external frame inside which there fixed is a row of parallel deflector plates having essentially concave cross section; plates have at their bottom the drain holes for discharge of rain water to below lying inclined wing that is located between the last lower deflector plate and lower edge of frame; at that, cross section of plates is V-shaped and has external wing that is longer than internal wing and inclined symmetrically relative to internal wing; the above external wing ends with horizontal fold, and plates are assembled so that bottom of above lying plate lies in one plane with horizontal end fold of below lying plate so that two plates form S-shaped air deflection path; at that, the above air is deflected upwards at the outlet by means of two adjacent external wings of two subsequent deflector plates.
EFFECT: increasing the wall grid efficiency.
10 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method is implemented through the use of locking-regulating devices, equipped with motorised valves with gravity drives, in the form of a hollow torus, filled with vapors of low-boiling liquid (eg, carbon dioxide, freon, etc.). When reduction of the temperature the low-boiling liquid is condensed, the liquid is formed, which, flowing down to one side of the torus, changes the position of the center of gravity of the valve with respect to its axis of rotation, which leads to the closure of the valve. When the temperature increases the low-boiling liquid evaporates, the center of gravity returns back to the original location, the valve opens under the influence of gravitational forces.
EFFECT: device is technological, it is easy to produce, does not require electricity, fire-safe, has low cost and extremely high reliability.
SUBSTANCE: method to install an air conditioner into a window is characterized by the fact that the unit is installed temporarily without damage to the window frame, and a device is created, comprising a panel, which is then with the help of fastening devices made of a screw pair and a plate, connected with the frame, at the same time fastening elements by some ends rest against the outer surface of the panel, simultaneously pass through it and through plate holes, where nuts are screwed onto their opposite ends, which impact the plates and create forces that press a panel to a frame, at the same time some extreme parts of the plates rest against the frame surface, and other - against the inner surface of the panel.
EFFECT: possibility to install conditioners into window openings without application of any damage to window frames and walls, and also makes it possible to install them only for the time of their demand in hot season, for realisation of installation with the proposed method, administrative permits are not required, besides, installation and dismantling of units do not require high costs.
3 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: internal air conditioning unit includes the following: a housing having a suction hole made in an upper part and a discharge hole made in a lower side of the part of front surface; an air blower located behind in the flow direction of the above suction hole in the above housing; and a heat exchanger located behind in the flow direction from the above air blower and in front of the flow direction from the above discharge hole in the above housing; besides, the heat exchanger performs heat exchange between the air discharged from the above air blower and a cooling agent. The above heat exchanger includes a heat exchanger on the side of the front surface, which is located on the side of the front surface, and a heat exchanger on the side of the rear surface, which is located on the side of the rear surface, and a heat transfer surface of the above heat exchanger on the side of the front surface differs from the heat transfer surface of the above heat exchanger on the side of the rear surface; with that, the above air blower is located so that air volumes in compliance with the heat transfer surface of the above heat exchanger on the side of the front surface and the heat transfer surface of the above heat exchanger on the side of the rear surface are supplied to the above heat exchanger on the side of the front surface and the above heat exchanger on the side of the rear surface.
EFFECT: noise level reduction.
4 cl, 23 dwg
SUBSTANCE: air conditioner comprises a housing, a compressor, a condenser, a cooling unit of the condenser, an evaporator, a tray of collection and drainage of condensate, and a circulation circuit of the coolant with a thermal control device. According to the invention, the evaporator is made in the form of the cornice-evaporator with the possibility of draping with curtains of the room window opening. The tray of collection and drainage of condensate is made with the ability of the condensate evaporation by the curtains.
EFFECT: increase of operational, economical and aesthetic qualities of the air conditioner.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to the construction of the indoor unit of air conditioner. The indoor unit of the air conditioner comprises a bearing panel housing, a rear housing and a front panel; and the bearing housing surrounds the side part and the upper part of the air conditioner and is made for mounting the front panel; the rear housing surrounds the rear part of the air conditioner; the front panel is mounted in front part of the air conditioner and tightly connected to the bearing panel housing; the rear housing, the bearing panel housing and the front panel form the inner cavity of the air conditioner; an air outlet located in the lower part of the front panel and in the front panel or the bearing panel housing the guide plate of air is mounted for opening and closing the air outlet, while in the upper part of the air outlet there is a wind protection belt and the wind protection belt extends from the upper part of the air outlet to the channel the air flow of the air outlet, and the bearing panel housing extends from the upper part of the air outlet, and the ledge thus formed forms the wind protection belt or the rear housing extends from the upper part of the air outlet, and the ledge thus formed forms the wind protection belt.
EFFECT: invention enables to provide the same temperature in the air outlet and to prevent moisture condensation.
8 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: unit consists of case including delivery chamber through which ambient air is supplied; external heat exchanger installed in the delivery chamber and performing heat exchange with ambient air; external fan installed in the delivery chamber and delivering ambient air to the external heat exchanger; guide structure positioned downstream of external fan and changes direction of air flow part delivered by external fan; and humidification unit including section of moisture absorption from ambient air, moisture desorption section for air humidification, inlet hole and exhaust hole for ambient air supplied to moisture absorption section, where humidification unit is designed so that exhaust hole interfaces with negative pressure space around external fan, and air redirected by guide structure positioned downstream of external fan flows from inlet hole through moisture absorption section and into exhaust hole.
EFFECT: possible reduction of external unit size without deterioration of humidity parameter in the external unit.
10 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a terminal device for air supply. The fresh airflow (L1) is supplied from the air supply chamber through the nozzles into the annular mixing chamber. The circulating air flow (L2) is supplied from the room space into the cylindrical suction chamber in the annular heat exchanger. From the suction chamber the circulating air flow (L2) passes through the heat exchanger into the mixing chamber. The nozzles are located in the upper part of the mixing chamber at a distance from each other along the periphery of at least one circle, as a result the middle point (centre) of the circle is located on the vertical central axis of the terminal device for supplying air. The horizontal component of the directing vector of the flow (L1) of fresh air discharged from each nozzle forms an angle which is in the range of 45-135 degrees with a radius of the said at least one circle, and the directing vector is directed downwards relative to the horizontal plane at an angle which is in the range of 15-75 degrees, as a result in the mixing chamber a vortex air flow directed downwards is formed.
EFFECT: improvement of design.
9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to thermal power industry, particularly to devices for indoor microclimate maintenance. Device includes pipelines, heating boiler, cooling plant with a fan, with connected primary water pipelines and water return pipelines, where cooling plant including feed pump, sensor of cooling liquid temperature and connected to the heating boiler by cooling pipelines and heating pipelines is controlled from console.
EFFECT: improved design.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an air conditioning unit, and namely to an air conditioning unit to which a removable information carrier can be attached. An air conditioning unit includes an air conditioning control unit; a data reading and recording unit; a data control unit and an operational unit. The air conditioning control unit controls air conditioning operation based on working information; the data reading and recording unit to which a storage carrier can be attached in a removable way, which is configured so that data can be stored; the data control unit for transfer of working information and information on functioning adjustments, which is transferred from the air conditioning control unit to the data reading and recording unit; and the operational unit for entry of information on functioning adjustments to perform air conditioning operation.
EFFECT: invention allows creating an air conditioning unit that can easily restore its state till failure, even when the circuit board, etc is being replaced as a result of a failure.
8 cl, 5 dwg