Method for selection of perindopril dosage forpatients with ischemic heart disease on background of arterial hypertension
SUBSTANCE: polymorphism of the AGTR2 rs1403543 gene is determined. In case of detection of a homozygous version of GG, perindopril dose is 1.3 times lower than in individuals with allele version AA.
EFFECT: increased therapy effectiveness and safety.
4 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: saliva of affected child is analysed by method of infrared spectroscopy, value of ratio of peak height with maximum at 1070 cm-1 to peak height with maximum 1025 cm-1 is calculated. If value of ratio is in range from 1.1 to 1.9 nonspecific ulcerative colitis is diagnosed, and if value of said ratio is from 2.0 to 4.6 Crohn's disease is diagnosed.
EFFECT: invention ensures less invasive and simpler differential diagnostic of NUC and Crohn's disease in children, ensures simplification and acceleration of diagnosis determination.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to a method of diagnosing bipolar affective disorder. The essence of the method consists in the fact that reliable differences in the spectrum of protein distribution in blood serum without proteins albumin, immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin A, antitrypsin, transferin and haploglobin in patients with endogenic psychosis. If protein spots are detected on electrophoretic gel in areas with the molecular weight of 200, 84, 75, 49, 40 kDa in the patient with endogenic psychosis, bipolar affective disorder is diagnosed.
EFFECT: application of the claimed method makes it possible to increase accuracy in diagnostics being simple in realisation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves determining female serum cytotoxicity to male lymphocytes, including a combined culture with reference male and analysed female serum in a 96-well tray in the presence of the nutrient medium RPMI 1640 in a CO2 incubator. One day later, lymphocytes are counted in the well in a Goryaev's chamber with the male (reference) and female (analysed) serum. That is followed by determining a cytotoxic index (CI), which represents a quotient of the analysed cell count and the reference cell count. The normal cytotoxic index makes approximately 0.7 and less.
EFFECT: invention enables studying the responses of female humoral immune factors to male antigens and evaluating a risk of miscarriage, early spontaneous abortions and missed miscarriages.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a high-sensitivity method for measuring the amount of individual's blood plasma glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic acid and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts. The high-sensitivity method for measuring the amount of glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic acid and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts is characterised by the fact that a mixture of individual's blood plasma with methanol or ammonia water in the specific concentration is introduced into a solid phase having the reverse-phase distribution function and the anion exchange function; the solid phase is then washed with a cleaning fluid that is a single-component fluid or a mixed fluid of at least two components specified in a group containing water, alkali, alcohol and acetonitrile. That is followed by elution from the solid phase in acid alcohol specified in formic acid - methanol or formic acid - ethanol; that is followed by the stage of measuring glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic acid and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts by liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry or liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry.
EFFECT: high-sensitivity method enables detecting and measuring the amounts of individual's blood plasma glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic acid and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts.
4 dwg, 17 tbl, 7 ex
FIELD: veterinary medicine.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises selection of only living, mature females of Trichuris vulpis from colon, blind gut of wild and/or domestic carnivorous animals infected spontaneously with whipworms in the study with helminthological methods when autopsy, into separate tubes with officinal isotonic solution (0.9%) of sodium chloride (solutio Natrii chlorati isotonica) and the exposure of the tubes with the females of Trichuris vulpis at t = 37.5-39°C for 5 hours under conditions of a thermostat.
EFFECT: method enables to select a large amount of fertilised eggs of T vulpis, not contaminated with particles of undigested feed, the particles of destroyed tissue of genitals of female of T vulpis and secondary bacterial microflora.
SUBSTANCE: patient's peripheral venous blood is recovered to analyse genetic polymorphisms of coagulation factors VII 10976G/A FVII. A birth weight of a newborn of a woman delivering not for the first time in the stage of 37 and more weeks of pregnancy is determined by equation: y=6123.431-25.579x1+0.267x2+205.739x3, wherein y is an anticipated newborn's weight, x1 is a female's height in centimetres; x2 is an infant's weight at the previous delivery in grams, x3 is a genetic version of 10976G/A FVII locus with x3=1 for 10976 GG FVII genetic type, x3=2 for 10976 GA and 10976 AA FVII genetic types. A birth weight of a newborn of a woman delivering for the first time in the stage of 37 and more weeks of pregnancy is determined by equation: y=6278.037-21.739x1+232.170x2, wherein x1 is a female's height in centimetres; x2 is a genetic version of 10976G/A FVII locus with x2=1 for 10976 GG FVII locus, x2=2 for 10976 GA and 10976 AA FVII genetic types.
EFFECT: invention enables improving the prevention and treatment of the pregnancy complications.
2 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: pre-operative fasting venous blood 1 ml is sampled at room temperature 20-24°C into an anticoagulant-free vacuum system (test tube). The test tubes are delivered in a sealed container at temperature 2-8°C for 2 hours to a laboratory for immunoenzyme assay and analysed to determine anti-thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibodies. If the antibody level is 1.5 units/l or more, a thyroidectomy is performed, whereas the antibody level of less than 1.5 units/l requires performing a subtotal thyroid resection according to standard techniques.
EFFECT: invention enables reducing a probability of recurrent thyrotoxicosis in the patients after subtotal thyroid resection.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to a method for the prediction of a risk of early microvascular complications in the children suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus. The substance of the method consists in defining a duration of the diseases in years, the patient's age in years, a desquamated endothelial cell count, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglycerides, atherogenic index, glycohaemoglobin, average daily glycaemic level; making a linear regression analysis and calculating a risk ratio (R) of early microvascular complications in the children suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus by formula. If the risk ratio is ≥1, the high risk of early microvascular complications during one year is predicted; the ratio < 1 shows the low risk of microvascular complications during one year.
EFFECT: using the declared method enables increasing the prediction accuracy of microvascular complications in the children with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine and can be used for patient's status monitoring. A method for setting a time-varying physiological parameter warning signal involves patient's controlled parameter monitoring, comparing the controlled parameter to an initial cut-off criterion, varying the cut-off criterion temporarily by a cut-off criterion of deterioration after the therapy, and then after a certain period of time, by the cut-off criterion after the administration. The time allowed involves comparing the controlled parameter to the cut-off criterion of deterioration, and after the time allowed - to the cut-off criterion after the administration. The warning signal is initiated in response to the controlled parameter of one or more initial cut-off criteria, the cut-off criterion of deterioration and the cut-off criterion after the administration. The group of inventions also refers to a machine-readable carrier with software for implementing the method and to a system for user warning on the controlled parameter variation.
EFFECT: group of inventions provides higher accuracy and rate of assessing the patient's status according to the conducted therapy.
15 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for the purpose of the early prediction of cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in the newborns with very low (VLBW) or extremely low body weight (ELBW). Substance of the method: the newborns with VLBW and ELBW on the 3rd-7th day of life are examined to assess the perinatal medical history, namely the presence of chorioamnionitis and amniotic fluid nature, 5th minute Apgar score, the absence of prolonged artificial pulmonary ventilation, a severity of respiratory distress syndrome, the presence of pneumonia, sepsis, convulsive disorder, anaemia, laboratory signs of the systemic inflammatory reaction, average values of carbon dioxide, anionic bicarbonate and base deficiency in capillary blood, interleukine-6 and receptor interleukine-1 antagonist in venous blood serum. Each sign is assigned with a prognostic coefficient (PC). That is followed by determining total PC, and it is expected cystic PVL that is decided for if total PC is at least (+)9.5, whereas no cystic PVL is expected if total PC is (-)9.5 or less.
EFFECT: invention provides the early (for the first 7 days of life) prediction of cystic periventricular leukomalacia in the most susceptible category of patients that are children with very low and extremely low birth weight.
6 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to cardiovascular surgery and cardiology, and deals with complex correction of immunoinflammatory responses of cardiovascular bed. For this purpose, in case of presence of high level of circulating immune complexes and/or complement in patient, three sessions of plasmapheresis in accordance with conventional methods, and in case of low level of IgG and reduced phagocytic activity of neutrophils and monocytes, as well as in case of confirmed autoimmune process, a course of intravenous infusions of human polyvalent immunoglobulin is carried out in accordance with conventional schemes.
EFFECT: method provides reduction of both hypo- and hyperactive disorders in immune system of patients and resulting increase of efficiency of treatment of cardiovascular system diseases.
SUBSTANCE: limb ischemia is simulated in a male Wistar rat anaesthetised with chloral hydrate in a dose of 250-300 mg/kg by the surgical removal of femoral, popliteal arteries and the front shin artery. That is followed by introducing a prepared mononuclear fraction of the autologous bone marrow in a dose of 4×106 cells in an amount of 200 mcl. The above is introduced into the ischemic limb from two points in an amount of 100 mcl each. One point is found directly under the femoral arch paravasally within the anatomical position of collaterals of the inner iliac artery and its branches. The other point is located in the calf muscle on an anteriolateral surface of the midleg.
EFFECT: more effective experimental treatment ensured by stimulating the collateral blood flow in the ischemic limb and improving the arterial blood flow from the proximal to distal parts of the limb.
1 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: early postoperative period involves administering low-molecular heparins and anti-inflammatory agents. Anti-inflammatory therapy requires administering cycloferon according to the schedule: 2 tablets of cycloferon 0.15 mg on the first preoperative day, 2 tablets on the first postoperative day, 2 tablets in the morning on the 2nd, 4th, 6th postoperative day, and further, every third day throughout 1 postoperative month (on the 9th, 12th, 15th, 18th, 21st, 24th, 27th, 30th day).
EFFECT: method provides the effective prevention of postpericardiotomy syndrome with a lower risk of side effects by administering cycloferon according to the developed schedule requiring non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and glucocorticosteroids.
2 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine, and concerns using a human Annexin-1 antibody (Anx-A1), which has the sequence SEQ ID NO: 23 for treating a disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation. The group of inventions also concerns a method of treating a disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation, involving administering a therapeutic amount of the above antibody into an individual in need thereof; using the above antibody for producing a therapeutic agent for treating a disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation.
EFFECT: group of inventions provides treating the disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation.
9 cl, 11 ex, 22 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns rehabilitation of elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) accompanied by chronic heart insufficiency (CHI) following myocardial in myocardial infarction (MI). That is ensured by administering Omacor, a preparation of omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids in the remote period, 6 or more months after the suffered MI with underlying a standard drug therapy 60 minutes before the graduated walking.
EFFECT: this complex of the drug preparations combined with the graduated physical exercises provides higher tolerance to physical exercises, improving the cardiovascular function and normalising the lipid exchange that in turn leads to reducing a number of unfavourable cardiovascular episodes and delaying CHI.
2 ex, 5 tbl
SUBSTANCE: claimed is the application of N-(2-adamantyl)-hexamethylenimine hydrochloride (himantane) as a medication for treating cerebral circulation disorders and brain traumas. An ability of himantane to reduce animal morbidity and increase cognitive and motor indices in case of its introduction after 3.5 hours after modelling a hematoma in rats and further introduction for 4 days was determined, which testifies to its possessing the neuroprotective potential on the model of the intracerebral post-traumatic hematoma. The technical result consists in the realisation of the claimed purpose: it has been shown that himantane in a dose of 5 mg/kg in case of intravenous introduction causes the increase of cerebral circulation in the rats' brain after ischemic brain affection without changing the level of arterial pressure.
EFFECT: medication did not produce a significant impact on the blood supply of the brain of the intact animals and did not cause a change in the heart rate and respiratory rate.
1 dwg, 6 tbl
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medicine, namely to neurology, and deals with the treatment of ischemic stroke. For this purpose the introduction of ubidecarenone by injection, mainly intravenous, is carried out.
EFFECT: introduction of the medication provides the reduction of the zone of brain tissue injury and reduction of neurologic deficiency expression due to the accumulation of ubidecarenone, possessing an expressed neuroprotective action, in brain tissues.
7 cl, 4 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a compound of formula , which is a methylhydrofumarate (MHF) prodrug. In formula (I), radicals and symbols have the values specified in the patent claim. The invention also refers to a pharmaceutical composition containing the declared methylhydrofumarate drugs, to using the declared methylhydrofumarate drugs and the pharmaceutical composition containing them, for treating diseases, such as psoriasis, asthma, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory intestinal disease and arthritis, and to a method of treating the above diseases.
EFFECT: higher oral bioavailability and plasma MHF, dimethylfumarate and/or other metabolites.
47 cl, 1 tbl, 54 ex
SUBSTANCE: antianginal therapy is accompanied by a primary discrete plasmapheresis in a refrigerate centrifuge PC-6 having a rotating speed of 2,000 rpm for 15 minutes at a temperature of 22°C in number of 5 sessions every second day. One session involves removing the whole blood in an amount of: 2 flexible PVC packages x 450 ml if the patient's body weight index is from 18 to 29.9 kg/m2, 3 flexible PVC packages x 450 ml if the patient's body weight index is over 30 kg/m2. The total volume of the removed plasma makes 600-900 ml. The circulating blood volume is replaced with 0.9% NaCl in an amount of half as much as the removed plasma volume. Once the plasmapheresis course is completed, the blood is exposed to ultraviolet light generated by OVK-3 apparatus for at wave length more than 400 nm in number of 5 procedures every second day.
EFFECT: effective treatment of the given category of the patients by improving the haemorheology, normalising the lipid spectrum without increasing liver enzymes with preserving the hepatic function, decreasing the dyslipidemia level and functional class of angina in the patients with limited use of statins with underlying cholestasis.
2 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: urgent surgery on vessels of a lower extremity involves placing an electrode for transoesophageal atrial temporal pacing (TOTP). That is followed by administering a beta adrenergic blocking agent intravenously in a load dose to achieve a decreased heart rate of ≤ 60 beats per minute. The dose of the beta adrenergic blocking agent is reduced to a maintaining one with preserving a sinus decreased heart rate from 72 to 74 beats per minute for the whole surgery and for 2-3 days thereafter as it may be necessary. The surgical repair of coronary arteries is performed at least 3-4 weeks after the surgery on the vessels of the lower extremities.
EFFECT: therapeutic approach provides preventing minor cardiac output syndrome and other cardiovascular adverse effects accompanying the repair surgeries on the arteries of the lower extremities that enables a coronary artery bypass surgery 3-4 weeks later.
2 cl, 2 ex
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the pharmaceutical industry and describes a peroral combined medication for the treatment of arterial hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus. The medication is made in the form of a tablet. The combined tablet contains perindopril erbumine, amlodipine besylate, sorbitol, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium carboxymethyl starch, povidone, magnesium stearate in quantities, given in the invention formula.
EFFECT: combination of perindopril, amlodipine and sorbitol in the composition of one tablet provides enhancement of the therapeutic effect.