Method for gaseous fuel engine operation

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: method for operating an engine comprising a throttle valve opening controlling the air flow into an engine inlet manifold depending on the pressure drop in the inside-opening nozzle for gaseous fuel exceeding the threshold pressure value. The pressure difference is the difference between the pressure of the gaseous fuel in the nozzle and the inlet manifold vacuum. Since the increased vacuum in the inlet manifold can prevent rapid opening of the nozzle valve (needle disengagement from nozzle seat), the vacuum in intake manifold is reduced by opening of throttle valve at an engine start.

EFFECT: reduced probability of engine start delay, it is also possible to reduce opening voltage supplied to the nozzle solenoid valve.

12 cl, 8 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and can be used in automotive engine driven compressor system. Compressor system (10) of vehicle (12) comprises compressor (16) driven by vehicle (12) engine (14). Said system comprises intake air guide (18) to force air pre-compressed by drive engine (14) turbosupercharger (20) to compressor (16). Said intake air guide (18) incorporates means (22) to flow section to construct supercharge pressure of pre-compressed air fed to compressor (16). Supercharge pressure maximum magnitude is set at idling subject to at least one of the following terms, i.e. compressor (16) oil outburst or compressor (16) power loss. Besides, invention covers the method of compressor system operation.

EFFECT: decreased power loss at idling.

15 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: in an inlet pipeline, at a small distance to an inlet valve of a cylinder there is a blowdown valve installed driven from a common cam shaft. In the end of an inlet stroke, 40-50° to the top dead centre (TDC), the inlet valve is opened. Spent gases go through the open inlet valve and reach the closed blowdown valve. Near the TDC, with remaining 10°, the blowdown valve is opened, and the combustion chamber is blown with air from an inlet header, afterwards the cylinder filling starts. Such solution makes it possible to substantially expand the angle of valves closure, this increasing the filling phase.

EFFECT: higher specific capacity of the engine with preservation of low toxicity of spent gases.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: control device of exit gas recirculation (EGR) for control of diesel engine includes EGR valve by means of which the engine EGR flow is controlled, suction air throttle valve by means of which the engine suction air flow is controlled, and the mechanism in which EGR valve opening is enabled in conjunction with the opening of air throttle valve. Each of the determining opening lines (characteristic curves) and with regard to opening of EGR valve and air throttle valve has dead zone section, where the flow rate remains unchanged, even when the valve opening increases above some opening limit. EGR control device is equipped with dead zone evaluation device that estimates excess air design factor λ considering the oxygen residue in EGR gas. The conclusion is made that at least one of EGR valves and air throttle valve is engaged in dead zone, on the basis of the rate of change of the estimated design factor λ of excess air when the rate of change of excess air design factor λ is less than the preset level. EGR control device is equipped with dead zone compensation device that makes the corrections concerning command signals of opening in relation to EGR valve and suction air throttle valve so that dead zones do not interfere with the mechanism concerning joint opening operation when evaluation device of dead zone makes a conclusion that at least one of EGR valves and air throttle valve is engaged in dead zone and the engine is in the condition of transient process.

EFFECT: simpler control of the valve opening.

7 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: internal combustion engine.

SUBSTANCE: invention considers spark ignition internal combustion engines. The internal combustion engine includes variable compression mechanism, the mechanism of valve timing adjustment, and throttle gate and catalyst and temperature predicative tool of the catalyst. Catalyst is placed in the outlet port of the engine. When engine load becomes lower, the mechanical compression degree increases to the maximum mechanical compression value and induction valve timing is shifted from the lowest dead point of induction given that the catalyst is active. If it is predicted that in case of load lowering the catalyst temperature will fall below activation temperature, then reduction of mechanical compression degree, shift value of induction valve timing in a direction to lower dead point of induction and reduction in degree of throttle gate opening becomes larger to lower the degree of actual expansion simultaneously with supporting or increasing the actual compression degree.

EFFECT: ensuring catalyst temperature increase at the same time maintaining good conditions for combustion initiation.

3 cl, 25 dwg

FIELD: internal combustion engine.

SUBSTANCE: invention considers spark ignition internal combustion engines. The internal combustion engine contains the variable compression mechanism (A) which allows changing the degree of mechanical compression, and the mechanism (B) of valve timing adjustment, which allows changing the induction valve timing (7). The volume of induced air supplied to the combustion chamber (5), is controlled by means of changing the induction valve timing (7). Degree of mechanical compression increases to the maximum degree of mechanical compression when the volume of induced air supplied to the combustion chamber decreases. In this case the volume of induced air supplied to the combustion chamber (5) decreases when the induction valve timing (7) is moved from the dead point of induction to the limit valve timing. When the induction valve timing (7) reaches the limit valve timing, the volume of induced air into the combustion chamber (5) becomes the limit controlled amount of induced air controlled by the valve timing adjustment mechanism. When the volume of induced air into the combustion chamber (5), decreases additionally due to the limit controlled volume of induced air, induction valve timing (7) is kept at the limit valve timing. During acceleration, when the volume of induced air into the combustion chamber (5) is less than limit controlled volume of induced air, if required acceleration degree is higher than predefined degree, movement of the induction valve timing (7) starts from the limit valve timing in the direction approaching to the lower dead point of induction when the volume of induced air to the combustion chamber is less in comparison with that when required acceleration degree is lower than predefined degree.

EFFECT: acceleration increase.

4 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed engine comprises variable compression ratio mechanism, variable phase distribution setter, and restrictor. With engine load decreasing, compression ratio increases to its maximum kept thereat in load zone lower than that of engine. Note here that intake valve closing setting displaces from BDC to maximum closing setting. With closing setting reaching maximum values, engine load is lower that load at which compression ratio reaches its maximum. Simultaneously, actual compression ratio downs gradually compared with engine high-load operation time. With intake valve closing setting reaches its maximum, amount of air intake is controlled by restrictor in the range of loads lower than that of engine whereat intake valve closing setting reaches its maximum. At loads lower the engine load when intake valves closing setting reaches its maximum, restrictor may be retained in completely open position.

EFFECT: permanent stable ignition.

3 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine (ICE) with spark ignition includes regulated gas distribution phase mechanism, variable compression degree mechanism and throttle valve. Throttle valve is arranged in inlet ICE channel. When ICE load decreases from high to low, the closing moment of inlet valve is moved in the direction from lower dead inlet point. At low load operation of the engine the mechanical compression degree is kept maximum. At high load operation of the engine, the mechanical compression degree increases when the engine load becomes lower; at that, actual compression degree remains constant. Pre-determined load is set within the range of load where mechanical compression degree is kept maximum. Throttle valve is retained in fully opened state in the area between high and pre-determined (L2) loads. When engine load becomes lower, the opening degree of throttle valve becomes lower and opening moment of inlet valve moves in the direction from upper dead inlet point. In the load area, where mechanical compression degree is kept maximum, actual compression degree becomes lower when the engine load decreases.

EFFECT: improving combustion process allowing to obtain high thermal efficiency.

2 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine (ICE) with spark ignition includes variable compression degree mechanism and mechanism for adjustment of gas distribution phases. Variable compression degree mechanism has the possibility of changing mechanical compression degree. Gas distribution phase control mechanism has the possibility of controlling the inlet valve closing moment. Mechanical compression degree in working range of low load, excluding idle operation, is more than during the operation at high load. Mechanical compression degree during idle operation becomes lower than for working range of low load. When engine operation is switched over to idle mode, mechanical compression degree can be decreased gradually.

EFFECT: reducing vibration and noise caused by the engine during idle operation.

9 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine (ICE) with spark ignition includes compression degree control mechanism, gas distribution phase control mechanism and throttle valve. When load on ICE becomes lower, the closing moment of inlet valve is shifted aside from lower dead point of suction stroke, and mechanical compression degree increases to maximum. At engine operation in range of loads that are lower than engine load at which mechanical compression degree becomes maximum, mechanical compression degree is maintained as maximum load, and actual compression degree decreases. On engine operation side with high load the mechanical compression degree decreases gradually when the load increases. When engine load becomes lower, inlet valve is shifted from lower dead point of inlet stroke. When engine load decreases on engine operation side with low load, actual compression degree decreases; at that, throttle gate closes.

EFFECT: providing favourable conditions for fuel ignition and combustion and improving thermal effectiveness.

5 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine (ICE) with spark ignition includes regulated gas distribution phase mechanism, variable compression degree mechanism and throttle valve. Regulated gas distribution phase mechanism has the possibility of regulating the setting of inlet valve closing moment. Variable compression degree mechanism has the possibility of changing mechanical compression degree. At negative pressure in ICE inlet valve, which is lower than the required negative pressure, throttle valve opening degree is set to lower value. At lower throttle valve opening degree in the inlet valve there shall be set the required negative pressure or bigger negative pressure. At setting of the required or bigger negative pressure in inlet valve the setting of closing moment of inlet valve shifts in the direction close to lower inlet dead-point. Volume of intake air, which corresponds to the engine load, is supplied to combustion chamber in compliance with throttle valve opening degree. At that, mechanical compression degree is set to lower value in order to reduce the pressure at the end of compression.

EFFECT: providing the possibility of creating big negative pressure in inlet engine channel during ICE operation at low loads.

10 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine at stay after cold starting can change its combustion mode to homogeneous combustion mode or that based on fuel charge layer-by-layer distribution. Working range of combustion based on layer-by-layer fuel charge distribution at vehicle stay after cold starting is expanded relative to that of homogeneous combustion at stay after cold starting as vehicle inclination angle decreases.

EFFECT: expanded working range, negative pressure of sucked air for required brake characteristic, decreased HC content at stay after cold starting.

7 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed method of diesel (1) control consists in generating automatic oscillation of fuel feed device (7). On a sensor (6) signal at load decrease to magnitude smaller than 30% of rated value the fuel feed device position pickup (7) is used to feed signal from speed automatic controller (10) of control unit (13) and frequency generator via current sinusoidal oscillations of amplitude and frequency oscillator (12). Said oscillator (12) is timed by crankshaft turn angle transducer (5) with its angular position. Invention covers also the diesel control at low feed and minimum stable rpm.

EFFECT: lower minimum stable rpm at load and idling.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: prior to switching on ignition gaseous fuel is injected. Then, also before switching on ignition, auxiliary fuel is additionally injected.

EFFECT: fuel savings, decreased harmful emissions.

9 cl

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: method of starting the ICE running on fuel contained in the tank comprises estimation of fuel amount, fuel volatility (PVR), fuel being injected into engine cylinder at starting subject to estimated fuel volatility (16). Estimated fuel volatility (15) is replaced by preset magnitude (20) at starting after replenishment.

EFFECT: easier starting at frost.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention can be used for generation of four-stroke ICE sync signal NOCYL for ICE with uneven number of cylinders C1, C1, C3 with the help of electronic control system 7. Said NOCYL signal allows identification of preset moment at engine cylinder thermodynamic cycle. Sync signal is determined proceeding from TDC signal that identifies the position of every cylinder and signal Cg, Bn indentifying kinematics of crankshaft at fuel every ignition. Note here that both signals are generated on the basis of crankshaft position transducer 22. Proposed method comprises the steps whereat engine is operated for preset time interval with fuel ignition at engine every revolution, characteristic signal Cg, Bn is calculated with check magnitude at first second revolutions, sync signal NOCYL is re-initiated if sync signal is misphased.

EFFECT: decreased emission of contaminants.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in utilisation of lubing oil heat and cooling water for heating, oil circulation, executing all preparatory jobs for starting and running standby diesel generator and starting diesel generator. Method covers automated and synchronous control over fuel and supercharge air feed at various operating conditions by means of three-pulse combination electronic fuel feed controllers and at various air pressures in the entire range of static loads and sharp variations of load. Regulation of lubing oil and cooling water temperatures is adapted to actual conditions, loads are distributed among diesel generators operated in parallel subject to control criterion and actual mean load thereto. Invention covers also forced synchronous outage of supercharging turbo compressor and diesel generator at normal and emergent conditions.

EFFECT: power savings, higher efficiency and reliability of starting and efficiency of diesel generator.

8 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: this method in combination with cold start and/or warming-up at an idle operation of internal combustion engine (1) is used to start engine (1) by means of a cold start mode with preset values of engine operating parameters; quantity of accumulated one or several hydrocarbons in at least one component of exit gas neutralisation is estimated and the cold start mode of a motor is activated, if according to estimation quantity of peaks of HC-desorption stipulated by combustion gases of filler exceeds preset limit value.

EFFECT: method provides possibility of heating of components of exit gas neutralisation and allows defining exact time of engine warming-up with possibility to stop an active mode of the motor cold start, thus allowing to avoid fuel overflow or at least to restrict it.

20 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises the following jobs: (a) feeding first amount of fuel in combustion chamber in compression stroke by pre-injection to produce partially homogeneous premix in combustion chamber, (b) feeding main amount of fuel in combustion chamber by main injection and combustion of fuel-air mix by self-ignition. Beginning of pre-injection is selected to allow premix to ignite after short delay of ignition while beginning of the main injection is selected to allow main amount of fuel to be injected during combustion or directly after combustion of said premix. Pre-injection is executed at crankshaft turn through 22° to 100°, in particular 25° to 30°, before piston TDC. Main injection is executed at crankshaft turn through 20° before piston TDC to 20° after TDC. Main injection is divided into some partial injections. In starting ICE, first partial injection is executed at crankshaft turn through 2° before TDC to 2° after TDC, while second partial injection is executed at crankshaft turn through 2° to 5° after TDC.

EFFECT: fast starting, higher reliability.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises storage battery, device to disconnected the latter from onboard circuit, electric starter, starting contactor terminals, capacitive power accumulator made up of capacitors interconnected in series or in parallel. Charge circuit of said power accumulator comprises current-limiting resistor and diode to shunt said resistor. System includes also additional contactor with closing contacts to connect storage battery with said capacitive power accumulator prior to starting locomotive diesel engine, contactor with closing contacts, transducers of accumulator charge current and voltage, controlled rectifier of accumulator charge, unit to generate and indicate charge voltage, and pulse-phase control unit. Said accumulator is connected to controlled rectifier output via contactor with closing contacts. Rectifier power input is connected to charge generator output. Voltage transducer is connected parallel with power accumulator. Outputs of current and voltage transducers are connected with voltage generation unit input and indication unit input. Output of voltage generation unit is connected to pulse-phase control unit with its output connected to control input of controlled rectifier. Capacitive power accumulator is charged automatically without interference of engine crew after starting of locomotive diesel. Charge indication unit allows visual control over charge current and voltage.

EFFECT: higher reliability and longer life, automated charging.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed electric starter comprises storage battery (1), starter (2), traction relay comprising winding (3) and make contact (4), starting switch (5), capacitive storages (6), (7) and (8), short-term make button (9), threshold elements (10), (11) and (12), decoder (13) and interrupter disks (14), (15), (16), (17), (18), (19) and (20) with control electrodes.

EFFECT: starter higher starting current.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: this invention allows control over nitrogen oxides emission. System to this end proceeds from computation of error set by the difference between first measured value received from nitrogen oxide pickup (7) and second value obtained from evaluation of nitrogen oxides. Said pickup (7) can be used in adaptation circuit wherein exhaust gas recycling control system runs with or without feedback. Said system is tuned to make expected nitrogen oxide emissions from exhaust gas recycling controller comply with those measured by said pickups at stationary operating conditions.

EFFECT: higher rate and accuracy of adaptation of nitrogen oxides emissions.

5 cl, 3 dwg

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