Oil pan of internal combustion engine

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: oil pan of internal combustion engine comprises side walls, a bottom with oil a collector in the form of a recess, a drain and magnetic plugs, an intake device, a vertical filtering partition dividing the pan into cleaned and crude oil cavity, a guide plate installed with inclination towards crude oil, an adjusting gate under the vertical filtering partition installed in the lower horizontal guide, according to the invention, the lower horizontal guide is provided with a longitudinal slit and has elastic elements in the form of bent plates, which are fixed by the upper edge on the slit walls, and the base of the adjusting gate is made conical.

EFFECT: reduced labour input and improved quality when performing maintenance of the internal combustion engine.

2 cl, 4 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: device is made on the basis canister. For this purpose, on one of canister side faces having larger area as well as on one of side faces of the mentioned body having smaller area, necks are additionally made which necks are located in the centre of these faces and from the side of neck on top face of body. In this structure, each named neck is equipped with cap with gasket. Furthermore, the device is additionally provided with funnel to be placed in one of the necks.

EFFECT: possibility to place device under drain plugs of vehicle crankcase cavities located at different height from base.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to armoured vehicles, in particular to device of transmission hydraulic control and lubrication system. The device includes gearboxes, inlet reduction gear, oil-priming pump of transmission, oil scavenge pump and oil tank, herewith, in the transmission hydraulic control and lubrication system, parameter monitoring and command output unit is installed connected with on-board network, control panel of driver mechanic (operator), speed transducer and additionally installed oil scavenge pumps with electric drives, oil level sensor in oil tank and ambient air (outside military tracklaying machine body) temperature sensor. Furthermore, in oil-drain-to- oil-tank pipeline, return valve is installed.

EFFECT: higher reliability of transmission units.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: device is intended to drain liquids from crankcase cavities of machines and can be used at their maintenance and repair both under stationary and field conditions. The device includes a canister and a funnel. To the funnel tube there connected is a sleeve, the free end of which is lowered into the canister cavity through its neck. The funnel is made so that it can be connected to side surface of the engine crankcase by means of magnets built into the funnel.

EFFECT: simpler design.

3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: device is intended to drain liquids from crankcase cavities of machines and can be used at their maintenance and repair mainly under field conditions. The device includes a canister with a funnel and a frame connected to the canister in its lower part. The funnel has a possibility of its being connected by means of a tube to the canister neck, and the frame has a possibility of its being fixed to the canister and to soil under field conditions. Collar beams of the frame are made so that free ends are formed. In the collar beams there are slots, the symmetry axes of which coincide with post rotation axes. This allows using canisters of different cross section dimensions for the device.

EFFECT: invention creates a simple, reliable and compact design of the device for oil draining from crankcase cavities of machines under field conditions.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: device is intended to drain liquids from crankcase cavities of machines and can be used at their maintenance and repair. The device includes a canister and a funnel. To the funnel tube there connected is a sleeve, the free end of which is lowered into the canister cavity through its neck. The sleeve can be rotated about its axis together with the funnel. The funnel has a possibility of unscrewing the drain plug and a possibility of its being connected to the crankcase tray by means of a magnet after the above said plug is unscrewed.

EFFECT: higher reliability of the device.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railroad transport. Rolling stock "wheel-rail" contact area lubrication system uses ferromagnetic fluid as lubricant or lubricant-coolant. Proposed method consists in incorporating the system of electromagnets with the set of hardware for lubricant feed into said contact area and fitting said system at the train last car to catch lubrication products from rail surface to be returned to device service member.

EFFECT: multiple use, ruled out contamination of environments.

FIELD: service of cars.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises parallel rods made of outer members and movable rods and support made of bushing and pin. The outer members are pivotally connected with the bushing. The bushing is mounted for permitting rotation in the horizontal plane around the pin. The rods are pivotally interconnected through a link that is connected by means of a ball pivot to the funnel. The pin of the support is connected with the movable frame by means of nuts. The movable frame is made of a channel that moves throughout the length of the grease pit by means of eight wheels. Six wheels move along the guides mounted in the corners of the hollow. Two wheels bear on the outer vertical wall of the drain chute that is inclined toward the branch pipe for discharging oil.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

2 dwg

The invention relates to the field of engineering

The invention relates to a device for draining liquid lubricant from a support device for rotating around the axis of the shaft, in particular for a steam turbine

The invention relates to systems for the lubrication of machines or apparatus working under extreme conditions, namely the lubrication of the mechanical seal shaft reactor in the fluorination of uranium oxides

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in four-stroke engines used in portable motorised tools. Four-stroke engine (1) includes housing (3) of a cylinder, which has opening (5) of the cylinder, in which piston (6) is located with a possibility of back-and-forth movement. Case (4) in which crank shaft (10) is installed with a possibility of being rotated is attached to housing (3) of the cylinder. Partition wall (43), (44) divides the inner space of case (4) into crank case (41), in which crank shaft (10) is installed and oil chamber (42) containing the oil that serves for lubrication of crank shaft (10). There is connection passage (45) connecting crank case (41) to oil chamber (42) and guiding the oil contained in crank case (41) and dripping under action of gravity force into oil chamber (42) and a supply assembly of oil contained in the oil chamber, which provides oil pumping to crank case (41). If an upward direction is determined as a direction in which piston (6) moves from the lower dead point to the upper dead point, then a cross section of partition wall (43), (44) is actually V-shaped if to look in an axial direction of crank shaft (10) and faces with its apex downwards, and connection passage (45) is made at the apex of the V-shaped cross section. A bush cutter is developed, which contains a four-stroke engine and a motorised tool containing a four-stroke engine.

EFFECT: preservation of reliable oil supply irrespective of location of an engine in an inclined state.

11 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: crankcase (1) of an internal combustion engine with built-in oil cleaning elements includes tray (2), in which intake oil bath (3) is arranged, filter (5) separating intake oil bath (3) from cavity of crankcase (1). Oil pump (6) and oil intake (7) for oil pump (6) are arranged in intake oil bath (3). Intake oil bath (3) is made in the form of vertical shell (4) with an open upper end face located below oil level in tray (2). Shell (4) is installed with a gap relative to the bottom of tray (2). Filter (5) separating intake oil bath (3) from the cavity of crankcase (1) covers the lower end face of crankcase (1). Oil pump (6) and oil intake (7) are arranged inside shell (4) above filter (5) with a gap relative to the wall of shell (4).

EFFECT: improvement of oil cleaning in an engine crankcase.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in engine building. A cross-head diesel comprises a bed 2 to accommodate a crankshaft 3 and a prop 5 with two outer walls. The prop 5 is arranged on the bed 2 and comprises at least one load-bearing twin-wall housing 6 with crosswise bearing walls. The said housing 6 comprises sliding surfaces for two adjacent cross heads and a cylindrical section arranged at the prop 5 to accommodate the cylinders thereon. The bed 2, prop 5 and cylindrical sections are interconnected by a connecting link 11 extending in the area of the prop 5 in the twin-wall bearing housing 6. The bed 2 incorporates a crosswise bearing one-wall element 12. The bed 2 has at least one bearing seat for the installation of the crankshaft 3. The connecting link 11 is secured in the said bearing seat between the crankshaft 3 lengthwise axis K and the lower end 200 of the bed 2, spaced from the prop 5 in a recess 14, with the help of a fastener 15 that can be removed from the recess 14.

EFFECT: decreased stretching forces in the bearing seat radii.

11 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. Proposed diesel comprises bed to accommodate crankshaft, base arranged at said bed and including two outer walls (4) and cylindrical section arranged at said base to house the cylinders. Bed, base and cylindrical section are interconnected by tie-bar extending along crosswise thrust wall (8) in the base area. Crosswise thrust wall (8) has transverse sliding (HT) surface (9) to support cross head fitted to reciprocate over the entire stroke (HS) between OTP and UTP. Thrust element (11) is arranged nearby crosswise thrust wall (8) so that crosswise length (h) of thrust element (11) is smaller than crosswise height (HT) of sliding surface (9).

EFFECT: decreased weight of the base.

15 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed tool has at least one working element driven by ICE. Said ICE has crankcase composed, at least partially, of crankcase oil pan. Working tool has body part made of plastic. Crankcase oil pan consists of metal and is built in working tool body part. ICE has ignition comprising ignition module. The latter is arranged directly at crankcase metal pan and stays in electric contact therewith. In fabrication of working tool, its support is placed on crankcase oil pan before filling said pan with body part material.

EFFECT: simplified design.

20 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: engine includes unit (1) of cylinders and root supports located between cylinders. In planes of root supports perpendicular to the axis of the crankshaft there made are stiffeners, at least one of which has a hollow shape. Head (6) of cylinders has hollow shapes made as a continuation of hollow shaped of the unit of cylinders. Oil cooler (9) is arranged on the unit of cylinders, and distributing pipe (8) for supply of cooling liquid individually to the head of each cylinder is installed on the side of the head of cylinders from the oil cooler. An engine has water pump (20) to provide circulation. Supply devices of cooling liquid from oil cooler (9) to distributing pipe (8) represent through channel (19) in unit (1) and head (6) of cylinders, which passes from oil cooler (9) in the plane at least of one of the root supports.

EFFECT: reducing the list of parts and simplifying the engine design.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed engine consists of cylinder block 1, cylinders 2, con-rod-and-piston mechanism, composite crankshaft 3, cylinder block head 5, and valve timing gear. Cylinder block 1 consists of, at least, two composite coupled sections 5. Said sections are coupled by bolts fed through openings made in cylinder block parallel with crankshaft rotational axis. Every said section 5 represents a bulky structural H-beam-shaped part. Its top section has recesses made opposite semicircular webs 9, their sizes corresponding to those of outer contour of cylinder sleeve 11 dissected in axial line. Section center has through hole 13 of crankshaft bearing 13. Con-rod-and-piston modules are mounted between sections 5. Said module comprises sleeve 11 to house piston 15 pin-coupled with con-rod 17 wherein fitted is rod bearing 19 with support bush 19 coupled with webs 20 via spacer rings 21, blocks 22 and bolt joint 23. Webs 20 accommodate modules of main bearings composed of main bearing 12, split splined bush 24, blocks 25, spacer rings 25 coupled by bolts 27. End cover 30 of auxiliary mechanism drive 31 and clutch case are fitted on sides of cylinder block 1.

EFFECT: decreased weight and overall dimensions, higher quality of assembly.

8 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed diesel engine has bearing plate to accommodate crankshaft extending along engine axis 31, foundation including two outer walls and section of cylinders. Said foundation is arranged on bearing plate while section of cylinders is arranged on foundation. Bearing plate and section of cylinders are coupled by connection tie rods 7. Every said connection tie rod 7 extends in foundation nearby single-wall thrust body 9 made up of two crosswise support walls 8. Thrust body 9 comprises two sliding surfaces 10 to support one thrust shoe 11 of cross head 12. Two sliding shoes 11 arranged nearby are retained in turn on thrust body 9 relative to engine axis 31.

EFFECT: better compensation of forces acting in displacement of cross head, easier access to housing welded seams.

9 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed engine comprises crankcase 2 to house several cylinders 30 with cooling jacket 5. Separate cylinder heads 3 are provided with two cooling chambers 9, 10 arranged one above the other therein. Crankcase cooling jacket 5 and cylinder head bottom cooling chamber 9 are communicated ate least one, preferably, four transition holes 8 per one cylinder arranged regularly around cylinder. At least one inlet distributing chamber 7 and/or at least one return distribution cooling medium chamber 15 are arranged along at least one crankcase sidewall 2a. Said one inlet distributing chamber 7 communicates via at least one communicating channel 6 per one cylinder with cooling jacket 5 with cylinder dry liner. Preferably, every communicating channel 6, if seen in horizontal projection relative to cylinder 30, terminates in fact in cooling jacket 5.

EFFECT: improved cooling.

17 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: support structure (1) for crank shaft (6) consists of lower section (2) of cylinder block (19) and bearing cover (3). Bearing cover (3) is located under lower section (2) of the block and has grooves (15, 16) for relaxation of stresses. Grooves (15, 16) are made in upper sections of opposite sides (3c, 3b) of bearing cover (3). Grooves (15, 16) pass along axis of the crank shaft and are open of opposite side surfaces of the bearing cover. Projecting ends (11, 12) are made in upper sections of the bearing cover by forming grooves (15, 16). Ends (11, 12) are flexibly bent under load to the bearing cover at rotation of the crank shaft. In the invention there is also disclosed support structure (1) for crank shaft (6), whereat in upper sections of opposite sides (3c, 3b) of bearing cover there are made lugs (17, 18). Lugs (17, 18) pass along axis of the crank shaft and project from surface of the cover in the direction from crank shaft (6). The lugs have upper surface (48), remote surface (49) and lower surface (50). Upper surface (48) contacts lower section of the cylinder block (2). Lower surface (50) has inclined surface (39) and arc-shaped surface (41).

EFFECT: support structure of crank shaft preventing cracks in lower section of cylinder block.

8 cl, 12 dwg

Oil filter assembly // 2557148

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil filters of an internal combustion engine. Oil filter assembly (40, 240) of internal combustion engine (10), which has housing (50, 261, 361) provided with oil inlet opening (51, 265, 365), oil outlet opening (52, 266, 366), pipeline (56, 268, 368) connecting oil inlet opening (51, 265, 365) to oil outlet opening (52, 266, 366), and chamber (53, 264, 364) for arrangement of filter element (62, 262, 362), which is interconnected with oil inlet opening (51, 265, 365) and oil outlet opening (52, 266, 366); with that, oil filter assembly (40, 240) also includes valve assembly (57, 269, 362, 58, 270, 367) located in pipeline (56, 268, 368) and providing a lubricating oil flow depending on pressure of lubricating oil in oil inlet opening (51, 265, 365).

EFFECT: invention provides elimination of blockage of a filter element.

13 cl, 9 dwg

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