Pneumo-resilient pad training device
SUBSTANCE: device is a pneumo-resilient pad (PRP) training device. Structural features of the PRP allow to create the effect of the unstable position of the body relative to the landing pad (chair), this circumstance causes the user to make oscillatory movements by the lower part of the body, pelvis, buttocks, which in turn creates a training effect by involving a large group of muscles, including the muscles of the pelvic diaphragm. To perform the intended functions, the PRP uses the energy of the variable mass of the user's body along the sides of the landing pad. Morphological and functional changes of the PRP after application are eliminated by themselves due to the elastic forces of its internal contents.
EFFECT: stagnant processes in the soft tissues of the lower limbs and small pelvis are eliminated, has no analogues.
SUBSTANCE: it is performed on the field with light-dynamic illumination controlled by software-hardware complex, which forms the mobile forbidden and allowed zones of the athlete. The combination of the mobile zones models the training regimes. The set amount of light emitters forming the light-dynamic zones is fixed to the head of the athlete. They do not create direct radiation into the eyes of an athlete and its shadow zones. The software-hardware complex comprises a system of gyroscopic orientation of the light emitters, which, depending on the turns, bends and vertical movements of the athlete's head, and also its movements during training on the playing field adjusts automatically the position of the projections of the light-dynamic zones on the field, maintaining their software location or movement, set by the chosen training program.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of training the exercise.
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: electronic scoring system for use in various martial arts (including traditional style martial arts, mixed martial arts, martial arts using weapons, martial arts using mixed weapons or martial arts in general).
EFFECT: scoring system allows objective determination of force, point and effectiveness of forces applied during competition without the need for electrical equipment.
34 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: athlete training with exercise equipment is performed on the playing field with controlled light-dynamic lighting, setting the allowable area-routes, directing the movement of the athlete on the common scenario with mobile radio-controlled figures that imitate the rivals or partners. The figures are transformed unpredictably for an athlete, changing their shape, colour and/or moved manually or with software-hardware complex, repeatedly creating the predetermined typical game situation. The athlete is given an assignment to respond to changes in shape, colour, of the figures, as well as recognition of the typical game situation trained in this exercise. The movement of the athlete is recorded with the video-camera with microphone, connected with the software-hardware complex, and located at a predetermined height over the playing field. The hardware and software complex records the number of exits of the athlete or the sports equipment beyond the allowable zone, calculates the delays between changes or the prevailing game situations subject to response of the athlete, and response prearranged signal of the athlete, as well as the arithmetic mean of the delays. The ability of the athlete to control the near areas is evaluated, and based on the response prearranged signal of the athlete its ability to see the playing field is evaluated.
EFFECT: improving the efficiency of the training and evaluation of the ability of the athlete to see the playing field.
SUBSTANCE: method is to convert the strike energy in the elastic deformation of the working part of the device through the transformation of bias ξ of the receiver to the strike load F (ξ) in accordance with the diagram of deformation δ of the split subject under the action of the strike load F (δ). The device comprises a mechanical transducer located between the receiver of strikes and the elastic working part, which is rigidly connected to the receiver of strikes and movably - to the elastic working part. In the proposed method and the device the offset of the receiver of strikes is provided under the action of the strike load, as close as possible to the deformation in destruction of potential objects of strike impact, which enables to simulate using non-destructive method the strike load for using in competitions on breaking solid objects (samples) with hands or feet (test "tamesivari"), and in improving the technique and efficiency of the strikes, strengthening striking limbs, hardening the striking surfaces of the trainees in various types of martial arts, or in the system of army hand-to-hand combat.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of strikes in martial arts, in particular in preparation of martial artists to tests or competitions on breaking solid objects with hands or feet.
6 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: stationary belay device comprises a vertical cylinder fixed on the base of with the poorly evaporating fluid (e.g. engine oil) is placed, in which a piston with a vertical thrust is located, connected to the movable roller, and the fixed rollers mounted on the horizontal bracket. The belay rope is passed through the rollers, fixed with its one end in the belay system of the athlete, and with the second it is attached to the horizontal bracket. The cylinder is covered with funnel from above. The cylinder piston is made of two discs with windows slotted in them, the discs are mounted through the sleeves on a vertical axis. In the sleeve of the upper disc two oblique grooves are provided with a horizontal axis passing through them. On the sleeve of the lower disc the fixing bolt with locknut is mounted. In the proposed device, the energy received at the breakdowns and descents of climbers is directed to the liquid mixing and heating followed by cooling, i.e. the rope gripping and abrasion is absent.
EFFECT: improvement of device operation reliability, increasing durability of operation of the belay rope and mechanisms.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of sports and sports games and can be used for training of athletes and the development of different muscle groups, as well as technical and power working out of methods in sports and martial arts. The device for training of martial arts techniques comprises a support and a dummy containing a carcass with movable limbs connected by hinge joints. The hinge joints are made in the form of an adjustable ball bearing consisting of a non-closed outer housing inside which there is a stabiliser, and a rotary head mounted on the rod. The rotary head is equipped with a locking mechanism.
EFFECT: acceleration and simplification of changing positions of dummy from defense to counterattack.
7 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to training devices for exercises that simulate a game of table tennis, comprise a clamp with a playground for attaching to the table, and with a ridge with the central and radial holes, a rack, a freely rotating wheel located in the eye bar spring-loaded against the rack, a spring mounted closely with its one end to the free end of the rack and rigidly connected with the second end to the eye bar of the wheel, and the rack has a slit or a flattened surface with holes for fastening by screws to the radial and the central holes of the clamp ridge.
EFFECT: improvement of the device, reduction of labor intensity of manufacturing and changeover time in changing the kinds of exercises.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to physical education and sport, and is intended for technical and tactical training and practicing playing skills of athletes in game sports. Training of an athlete with the sport equipment is carried out on the playing field with a controlled light dynamic illumination. Changing the position, shape and area of the light zones and modes of training are defined by the hardware and software system. The light zones or their part, marked by the specified colour, are prohibited. Combinations of a specified number of motionless and moving prohibited light zones on the playing field model the complex game situations; the moving light zones purposefully prevent the movement of the athlete. Depending on the fitness of the athlete, the coach selects a program that specifies the training mode and the level of its complexity. For beginner athletes the number of prohibited zones is minimum, one or several light zones are motionless, the others are moved at a specified equal speed without changing the shape and area. For better prepared athletes the position, shape and area of the prohibited zones are varied unpredictably. The speeds of motion of the light zones are specified equal to the speeds of motion of real players-rivals. The athlete evaluates the modelled game situation, finds the rational route, and moves along it with the sport equipment in the free zone. Getting of the athlete and/or the sport equipment into the forbidden light zone when training is recorded and, if it is specified in the selected program, the light and/or sound signal is given.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of control of the training athlete and providing the ability to change the conditions of the training process depending on the degree of fitness.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to physical culture and sports and is designed for assessment of physical actions of a sportsman in badminton. In a game centre on the surface of a court for playing badminton they install a contact site, in the specified game areas at the specified height they install contact devices, in the centre of the court near the net at the specified height they arrange a table with indicators that indicate a court with game zones. The contact site in the game centre, contact devices in game zones and the table with indicators are connected to a computer. On the computer they set a sequence of sportsman movements from the game centre to the specified game zones and during delay of signal supply regarding movement towards the game zone from the moment of sportsman return to the game centre. The direction of movement towards the game zone is set by supplying a signal to the appropriate table indicator. The sportsman moves from the game centre to the specified game zone, closes the appropriate contact device through a touch with his or her racket or hand and returns to the game centre. Signals about closing or opening of the contact site in the game centre, closing of contact devices in game zones are sent to the computer, which measures time from the moment of signal supply to the table indicator before start of sportsman's movement from the game centre, the time of sportsman movement from the game centre to the specified game zone and closing of the appropriate contact device, the time of sportsman's movement from the moment of contact device closing in the specified game zone to the game centre, results of measurements are entered into the archive.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of assessment of sportsman's movements in badminton.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of training in team sports and may be used to train teams of different qualification that play football, hockey, handball, rugby, basketball and other team sports. The method consists in the fact that permitted areas are set on a playing field with a controlled light-dynamic lighting, where a sportsman shall stay, holding a sports implement. Position, shape and area of permitted areas are modified unexpectedly for the sportsman. The process of training is filmed with an infrared video camera installed at the specified height above a playing field; the video image from the chamber is sent to the computer. The computer records moments of time, when the sportsman and/or the implement exit outside the borders of the permitted area. The sportsman is notified about his or her exit and/or exit of the sports implement outside the borders of the permitted area with the help of the additional light-dynamic lighting that differs in colour from the light-dynamic lighting of permitted areas, and/or sound signals. The colour of the additional light-dynamic lighting and/or tonality and/or combination of sound signals is set by a trainer or a sportsman or by means of a program. The number of exits of the sportsman or the sports implement beyond the borders of the permitted area is recorded.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase efficiency of training in team sports due to objective control of proper performance of a training task, to simulate various game situations, to practice and improve skills of sports implement handling, to develop response and coordination of movements.
SUBSTANCE: weight machine with detection system of load comprises a frame, a detection device of load, and a display device. The frame has a transmitting device, a device of weight setting, and a rack. The transmitting device is located on one side of the frame. The device of weight setting is connected to the transmitting device and can be displaced in the vertical direction of the rack. The detection device of load is located under the device of weight setting. The detection device of load comprises a sensor, a base and a platform. The sensor is located in abutment between the base and the platform. The display device is electrically connected to the detection device of load.
EFFECT: weight machine with detection system of load detects effectively and accurately the change in weight, which enables the user involved in fitness, to access to information about it in real time, calculating quantitative data.
6 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for gymnastic exercises, namely simulator intended for coordinated training of tendons and muscles of various body parts under static loads. The simulator for training of human body parts comprises a chair with a backrest, a seat and armrests. The plates for the hip rest are located on the front legs of the chair. The limiters of the horizontal displacements of feet are placed on the site. The limiters of the vertical movement of the feet are made in the form of a belt with velcro. The elbow limiters are fastened to the armrests of the chair. The unit of registration and processing of information on movement parameters includes the analogue-to-digital converter connected to a personal computer with a monitor, the pressure sensors and the voltage sensors connected to the converter. The voltage sensors are placed on opposite surfaces and ends of the planks and symmetrically around the perimeter of the handles, on opposite surfaces of the plates for the hip rest, on the limiters of horizontal movement of steps, on the inner and outer surfaces of the chair backrest. On each surface part facing each other of the second vertical racks located closer to the chair backrest, one voltage sensor is fixed. On the surface part of each of the first vertical racks the first voltage sensor is fixed, situated further from the chair backrest facing the second rack located closer to the backrest, respectively, at the site of each of the first vertical racks, the second voltage sensor is mounted facing the site with the fixed first sensor.
EFFECT: increase of the quality of training of tendons and muscles of various body parts under static loads.
7 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed invention relates to class of vehicles, for instance bicycles, which employ energy of human body muscular contractions as motive force. At the same time, proposed invention also relates to sports equipment and can be used in the area of sport, physical culture and rehabilitation medicine. Proposed bicycle with ellipsoid drive includes frame with handle bar and saddle, wheels and drive with driving sprocket, two reciprocating rods and pedals. The drive consists of ellipsoidal member the inner ellipsoidal surface of which forms working track with indented profile, and pedal mechanism. The pedal mechanism is installed on ellipsoidal member with possibility to move over indented surface of working track and contains operating gear, hold-down gears with screw load regulator, and tightening rollers. Operating gear shaft fixed in pedal mechanism housing with possibility of rotation is made hollow, and driving sprocket shaft passes through the operating gear shaft. Both shafts are connected with stepped clutch one end of which is installed on driving sprocket shaft with possibility of axial movement and forms sline joint with this shaft, the second end of stepped clutch is installed with possibility to form together with outer surface of operating gear shaft the tool joint to transfer torque form sprocket shaft to gear shaft.
EFFECT: combination of vehicle functionality, for instance functions of bicycle and ellipsoidal exercycle, in design of bicycle with ellipsoid drive, as well as in higher efficiency of training action on human body due to increase in amplitude of trained muscles and lower limb joints work.
SUBSTANCE: elliptical cycling machine comprises a housing with supports, a seat, a steering wheel and a pedal load mechanism. The cycling machine housing is made of circular shape, which inner surface has a working track with the coating increasing adherence. The pedal load mechanism is mounted in the housing of the cycling machine with the ability to move by use of a system of levers, rollers and elastic elements. At that the pedal mechanism is located with the thrust in the housing of the cycling machine, thus providing the tight uniform contact of the rollers with the working track of the cycling machine housing.
EFFECT: ability to use while using the circular cycling machine the greater amount of muscles and muscle groups, increasing the amplitude of the muscle work, ligaments and joints of the lower extremities and the variability of the load nature.
7 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gymnastic inventory, medical equipment, and is intended in particular for training fingers and massaging the skin surface. The proposed device comprises a flexible housing in the form of a ball and plates with holes for fingers, at that the ball has a through hole extending through its centre, the plate with the holes for fingers is made of triangular shape. On the edges of the triangular plate the massage elements of various sizes are mounted, and around the through hole in the ball the massage protrusions are mounted.
EFFECT: providing training of fingers and massage of the skin surface.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, health care facilities and may be used to improve the functional status. The apparatus comprises a rounded massage element and presented in the form of an elongated rim. Its opposite sections are chipped so that the chips on an outer surface of the rim are rounded, while those on the inner surface are pointed. On one periphery of the rim, there is a lock which can be presented in the form of two engaged crescents, or with its one end drown into the other one with both of them to be engaged with a latch or screw coupling.
EFFECT: invention provides the massage of various parts of body - arms, legs, trunk, neck - with the help of the same apparatus when connecting and disconnecting the rim to locate it on the relevant part of body, an ability to combine the effects of thee rounded, pointed elements with the improved functional status.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sports equipment and can be used in sport, physical education, rehabilitation medicine. The proposed elliptical exercycle comprises a housing with supports, a seat mounted with an ability to adjust height and angle of inclination, steering wheel mounted with an ability to adjust the angle of inclination. Pedal loading mechanism includes an element of elliptical shape mounted in the housing, having a double tee profile of section, which inner elliptical surface forms the working path having a toothed profile. Pedal loading mechanism also comprises a housing in which the working gear is fixed on its axes, two clamping gears with screw load control being in the toothed gearing with it, tension rollers, and two connecting rods, mounted with one end on the axis of the working gear, and the other end is attached to the pedals with bindings for feet. Pedal loading mechanism is mounted in the exercycle housing with the ability to move along the toothed surface of the working path of the element of an elliptical shape, due to tension rollers equipped with elastic elements made in the form of springs, and the toothed gearing of the working gear with the surface of the working path.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of training, which is achieved by increasing the amplitude of muscle contraction and movement in the joints of the lower limbs during cyclic operation, as well as the variability of the type of load by changing the angles of inclination of steering wheel, the head tube, and the seat.
5 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: declared invention refers to physical training with using a balance element coupled with a support by a spherical joint, and may be used for back exercises. The back exercises wherein buttocks are placed on a upper surface of the balance element coupled with the support by the spherical joint with feet resting against the support surface and holding balance. Feet are brought up and down alternately for 10-15 minutes at 50-100 bringing-ups a minute. It is followed by body wave-like advancing; while making the exercises the distance from the upper surface of the balance element to the middle of the spherical joint of the balance element tends to get smaller, and/or simultaneously while making the exercises are stopped to replace the balance element by that of smaller surface area; the buttocks are placed on the upper surface of the balance element; the exercises are continues; said exercises are made for at least 30 minutes a day within a period of at least 21 days.
EFFECT: developing back muscles.
SUBSTANCE: muscle training device includes game bar which has the possibility of changing the value of provided resistance. Handles to be connected to one end of game bar. Electric cable to be connected to system block of personal computer; base for fixing the device on it by means of fixing members. Optical mouse, spring-loaded power system, game bar; at that, the other end of game bar is made in the form of ball arranged in glass in which environment of controlled friction for ball is created and provided by means of tightening assembly and elements rubbing on ball and located in upper and lower ball parts. Nut into which a pin fixed vertically and parallel to side wall of glass is screwed.
EFFECT: improved manipulation accuracy of training device, which is achieved owing to simplifying the spring-loaded power system; possible removal of miniature optical mouse without complete disassembly of the device and tightening assembly pin not retractable beyond the limits of the device.
3 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of sports inventory, in particular, to devices for development of arm and shoulder girdle muscles and makes it possible to do training exercise efficiently. The expander comprises a connecting element and at least one handle, at the same time the handle body is arranged with at least two longitudinal channels arranged in parallel to each other, an open and a closed one, formed by walls of the handle body and stiffening ribs. The partition between channels in the form of a stiffening rib is arranged in the middle part with a V-shaped cut to locate the connecting element. Walls of the handle body open channel comprise at least two fixing elements that face each other and are arranged with a gap to hold and fix the connecting element against movements relative to the open channel. Walls of the handle body open channel may contain fixing elements arranged in the form of inclined ledges parallel to each other. The handle may be arranged in the form of a frame.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of training with the possibility of accurate adjustment of load to expand the range of performed exercise.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: training simulator comprises a removable rotary table consisting of two parts coupled by tapping screws or external screws to adjust the table length to the user's needs; the rotary table comprises leg and head holders, as well as a breastband holding the user's chest or armpits. The rotary table has some alignment notches, one of which is mounted on a horizontal bearing axis of a moving frame to provide the optimum location of the user's centre of gravity when lying on the rotary table; the moving frame carries control handles to adjust an inclination of the rotary table; the handles are rotatable in a rocking plane of the rotary table at an angle, which depends on the present height of the horizontal bearing axis of the movable frame; the leg holders are loop-shaped to fix the ankles reliably notwithstanding the leg size, and the number of the above leg holders and adjustment on the rotary table are based on a user's ability to use them by at least two users taking their turns and having a height difference of up to 100 cm.
EFFECT: user's ease to hold the control handles to adjust the inclination of the rotary table in any position thereof and the wide range of adjustability of the limit inclinations of the rotary table.