Engine starting method (versions) and engine starting system of vehicle with hybrid drive

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: engine starting method comprises the stage of predicting the required torque after activating the transmission overdrive. Then, the stopped motor starts to rotate, if the predicted required torque after activating the transmission overdrive is greater than the torque threshold.

EFFECT: torque response is increased under different conditions.

20 cl, 48 dwg



Same patents:

Ice starter // 2541345

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed starter comprises four excitation permanent magnets, motor start draught relay, free-running ratchet clutch (FRC) and planetary reduction gear. Carrier of the latter is engaged via spline with free-running clutch drive case stem. Draught relay solenoid and terminal box are arranged inside the motor stator cover and aligned with its lengthwise axis. Electromagnetic oil core represents the FRC stem, drive gear of the latter being located at initial position on opposite side of flywheel rim with the help of longer mid bush part there between. Bush diameter is smaller than that of driven gear dents circumference. Starter motor armature shaft is integrated with planetary reduction gear sun gear with its stem running in carrier movable shaft. Starter reduction gear epicyclic gear and electromagnetic oil case are made integral of caprolon. Two covers and starter motor stator are coupled by two isolated studs with coppered contact heads that make the electrical conductors. The latter extend through holes made on starter motor stator cover outer side. Two parallel guide rectangular slots of its radial ledges and caprolon rectangular inserts accommodate two parallel contact rectangular rods of fork-like contactor with copper solderings on their ends for making rectangular coppered contact heads of aforesaid studs. Theses separate their contact cavities from ICE clutch case and rule out the ingress of oil and foreign particles to starter terminals. Central cylindrical holes of coil case, on one side, are radial thrust bearing for planetary reduction gear carrier stem. On the other side, these make the guide for FRC helical return spring arranged between end surfaces of FRC drive case and end splined screw bush. The latter is fitted on carrier shaft splines to rest via thrust carrier shaft bush on radial thrust bearing of coil case. This allows to reject split antifriction bearing fitted in coil case and plenary reduction gear shaft thrust flange. Note here that carrier shaft is made of nonmagnetic steel and fitted to carrier stem of magnetic steel on one side and, on the other side, it is fitted in starter motor cover antifriction bearing. With draught relay IN, movable steel fork-like contactor displaces along the FRC in two parallel guide slots for making rectangular coppered contact heads of starter motor starting studs. Coil pull-in magnetic force and shaped return spring expansion force FRC return spring is contracted and held thereat at starting the starter motor. With draught relay in OFF, drive gear with RFC and moving fork-like contactor return to their initial position to radial thrust bearing of starter motor stator cover under action of FRC return spring force. This contracts the shaped relay spring and holds its as-contracted unless draught relay actuation. At a time, draught relay displacement and contraction are performed by the forces of inertia of FRC driven gear and force of friction developed at driven case overrunning of drive case after ICE starting between their end surfaces pressed from both sides by RFC return spring and shaped relay spring.

EFFECT: higher operating performances.

3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: starting system is intended for engine with automatic outage at predefined state. Proposed system comprises starter to start the engine, storage battery to supply said starter and starter control device. Said starter comprises second gear engaged with first gear engaged with engine crankshaft, actuator to displace second gear for engagement with first fear and motor to run said second gear. Control device can drive said actuator and motor separately. Control device operates in the mode of rotation whereat said motor is actuated before said actuator. Note that in the case of said mode of rotation said control unit restricts the engine automatic outage proceeding from the lower voltage of storage battery decreased voltage after actuation of motor and decreased voltage of storage battery after actuation of actuator. Invention discloses the engine control.

EFFECT: limited engine outage at insufficient voltage of storage battery.

4 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: device for pre-launch procedure of temperature mode for starting electronic equipment of primary purpose and maintaining temperature mode of operation includes: control unit 2 that is connected to temperature control unit 3, heater 7, cooler 8 and readiness unit 1.

EFFECT: decision allows brining the temperature into temperature interval of operating mode of electronic equipment of primary purpose, maintaining the temperature within temperature interval of operating mode of EEPP, EEPP switching on when temperature of EEPP operating mode interval is provided and preventing EEPP switching on, if the temperature of EEPP operating mode interval is not provided.

3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: electrolytic device for facilitating the internal combustion engine lowering includes storage battery, storage tank of concentrated electrolyte with built-in hydro-electric valve-pump and pneumatic valve. At that, heating element is arranged in the tank.

EFFECT: improving operating reliability of storage battery under conditions of low temperatures at internal combustion engine start-up.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: no-contact switch system of internal combustion engine (ICE) electric starter of vehicle consists in electric starter motor (1), clutch (12), ignition key (11), reducing gear (7), electromagnetic clutch (8), battery (14), main (2) and subsidiary (4) thyristors, capacitor (3), resistor (5), switch (10) with spring (15), pulse source (9), bypass diode (6) and pulse transformers (16, 17). Electric starter motor switching is performed by sending of positive pulse to main thyristor control electrode. Note that main thyristor (2) is unlocked and battery (14) voltage is sent to electric starter motor (1) and electromagnetic clutch (8). Capacitor (3) is charged through main thyristor (2) and resistor (5). To switch electric starter motor (1) off positive pulse is sent to subsidiary thyristor (4) control electrode through transformer (17). Note that subsidiary thyristor (4) is unlocked and charged capacitor (3) voltage is fed to main thyristor (2) that is locked and the current in electric starter motor (1) circuit is interrupted. Then capacitor (3) charging subsidiary thyristor (4) is locked by itself.

EFFECT: elimination of mechanical contact at electric starter motor switching.

1 dwg

Starter // 2296878

FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical equipment of internal combustion engines, namely to starters. According to invention, starter includes electric motor, drive and output shafts. Electric motor provides rotation of drive shaft which is mechanically coupled with output shaft moving along longitudinal axis and furnished with drive pinion brought into meshing with toothed rim of engine flywheel. Extension of output shaft to bring drive pinion into meshing with said toothed rim is provided by pole tube on electric motor stator which turns around longitudinal axis of electric motor when current is supplied to starter motor. Device is provided to transform turn of pole tube into axial displacement transmitted to output shaft.

EFFECT: simplified design of starter.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; vehicle engine starting systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system of two-step electric starting of vehicle internal combustion engine contains electric starter, storage battery, electromagnetic clutch and starting control device. System contains additionally starter reduction gear. Shaft of starter reduction gear is connected through electromagnetic clutch with countershaft of vehicle gearbox.

EFFECT: improved reliability of starting and system as a whole.

1 dwg

The invention relates to an electromagnetic device for controlling the feed of current to the starter of the internal combustion engine

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICEs. Control over engine operation consists in starting and shutdown of ICE including crankshaft with journal and thrust bearing to shaft journal to run therein. In case fuel is not fed into ICE crankshaft runs continuously. For lubing of crankshaft journal and thrust bearing when no fuel is fed into engine, oil pump is actuated for hydrodynamic lubing. This application discloses also the engine.

EFFECT: hydrodynamic lubing of shaft journal and thrust bearing.

19 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to electric engineering, and namely to starter-generator devices for vehicles with combustion engines. In result of this invention comfort of vehicles will be improved and influence of vibrations on durability of the system components will be reduced. The substance of invention consists in the following: starter-generator system for combustion engines contains accumulator of electric energy, for example, capacitance accumulator or accumulator connected electrically to control system including pulse-width converter of voltage, commutator switch and valve electrical machine, which stator is fixed rigidly at combustion engine crankcase and rotor is combustion engine flywheel, and rotor position sensor, which output is connected electrically to commutator switch. According to the invention the system is equipped additionally with the second-order differential section, which input is connected electrically to output of rotor position sensor, and output of the second-order differential section can produce negative feedback signal against the second derivative of rotor turn angle to input of the control system.

EFFECT: reducing irregular rotation of combustion engine crankshaft in result of torque pulsation of combustion engine and vibratory electromagnetic unit.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises ICE to generate driving force to be transferred via automatic clutch and gearbox to drive wheels. Note here that said driving force can be selectively transferred from engine to drive wheels by throwing said clutch in and gear shifting. This is partially controlled by control system provided at said vehicle. Said control system performs at said clutch thrown in starting the starting engine with gear IN high to accelerate ICE to initial rpm that represents that whereat ICE will start.

EFFECT: driving of vehicle in emergency.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed starter-generator set of vehicle comprises a reversible electrical machine comprising a stator (1) connected to the housing (2) of the internal combustion engine, a rotor (3) connected by the threaded fasteners to the shaft (4) of the engine, a casing (5) attached to the housing (2) of the engine. The stator is connected by the electric circuit to the accumulator battery. The rotor is made in the form of a toroidal bowl having at the periphery the windows (6) separated by partitions formed by long curvilinear blades (7), (8) located on the concave surface of the bowl facing the stator (1). Part of the partitions between the windows in the bowl is formed by long blades (7), and the other equal part of the partitions - by short blades (8) located between the long blades (7). The bowl is attached to the hoop (9) surrounding the stator (1). In the hoop (9) in front of the stator an elastic cylindrical ring (10) of resin-bonded magnet is inserted. In the casing (5) along the axis of the electrical machine there are two rows of ventilation openings (11) and (12) separated by a tapered ridge (13) made on the inner surface of the casing opposite the rotor and protruding towards the said hoop (9).

EFFECT: ensuring effective cooling of the starter-generator set for compliance with optimum thermal mode of its operation.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of starting consists in sync injection of compressed fuel-air mix into cylinders and initiation of its ignition. Flammable fuel-air mix with excess air factor a=0.6-0.7 is used. Starting system compressed air distributor opening for bypassing fuel-air mix into cylinders is made in slide valve plate body and shifted in circular arc through angle y=4.5-5.5 from idle slide valve plate mirror axis.

EFFECT: higher reliability of starting at low ambient temperatures

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system uses epicyclic unit and electromagnetic double-action clutch.

EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises storage battery, device to disconnected the latter from onboard circuit, electric starter, starting contactor terminals, capacitive power accumulator made up of capacitors interconnected in series or in parallel. Charge circuit of said power accumulator comprises current-limiting resistor and diode to shunt said resistor. System includes also additional contactor with closing contacts to connect storage battery with said capacitive power accumulator prior to starting locomotive diesel engine, contactor with closing contacts, transducers of accumulator charge current and voltage, controlled rectifier of accumulator charge, unit to generate and indicate charge voltage, and pulse-phase control unit. Said accumulator is connected to controlled rectifier output via contactor with closing contacts. Rectifier power input is connected to charge generator output. Voltage transducer is connected parallel with power accumulator. Outputs of current and voltage transducers are connected with voltage generation unit input and indication unit input. Output of voltage generation unit is connected to pulse-phase control unit with its output connected to control input of controlled rectifier. Capacitive power accumulator is charged automatically without interference of engine crew after starting of locomotive diesel. Charge indication unit allows visual control over charge current and voltage.

EFFECT: higher reliability and longer life, automated charging.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hybrid transport facilities. In compliance with first version, proposed transport facility comprises engine, power generators, power accumulator, propulsion force generators, external charging appliances, and control unit to adjust propulsion force. Control unit operates in first and second operating conditions. In first operating condition, power accumulator charging by power generators is limited. In second operating condition, power accumulator charging by power generators is maintained in preset range with control central value. Control unit comprises appliances to vary control central value. In compliance with second version, hybrid transport facility comprises devices with above described functions.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of power accumulator.

10 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric power supply for hybrid vehicles. Proposed device comprises first power supply, second power supply, electrical load, control device and diagnostics hardware. Note here that control device comprises first voltage conversion control device, diagnostics inhibit device to inhibit diagnostics in compliance with voltage check values equal to first voltage, device to control starting the engine at low temperature, second voltage conversion control device by setting check voltage equal to second voltage and device to permit starting of motion. Proposed method consists in that check voltage is set equal to first voltage. Diagnostics device operation is inhibited. Voltage converter is feed-back controlled. Motor excitation is controlled. Voltage converter is feed-back controlled by setting check voltage equal to second voltage. Diagnostics device operation inhibition is cancelled. Hybrid vehicle start is indicated.

EFFECT: reliable starting of hybrid vehicle engine.

6 cl, 8 dwg

Ice starter switch // 2350774

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: ICE starter switch comprises tractive relay with movable and fixed contacts fitted, isolated, on starter housing. The starter positive terminal is directly connected to storage battery positive terminal. The starter negative terminal is disconnected from the starter housing to allow connection, in break in circuit, of set of contacts with one break in the starter switch circuit. Note here that switch movable contact is connected, via flexible conductor, to vehicle body.

EFFECT: simpler design of starter switch, reduced input of non-ferrous metal thanks to terminal assembly with one break in circuit.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle exhaust system with engine start-shutdown system. This invention consists in the following: vehicle comprises compression ignition engine with control device and offgas neutralizer. Engine control device defines idling conditions In case idling occurs, the engine is completely shut down Neutralizer comprises cellular carrier solid piece coated with catalytically reactive primer containing one or more noble metals. Said primer is arranged between first upstream primer area and second downstream primer area. Said reactive primer ply in said first area abuts on reactive primer ply in second downstream reactive primer area. Thermal mass in said first upstream reactive primer area is smaller than that in said second area. Total content of noble metal in said first area is larger than that in said second area. Cellular carrier solid piece features total length whereat said first area is confined by its upstream end while downstream end is confined by the point between 20% and 40% of total length of carrier solid piece is measured from inlet end.

EFFECT: higher activity of oxidizing neutralizer at processing of exhaust gas.

11 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: remote control device comprises remote controller to transmit request for starting and request for engine outage and engine control module to stop the engine by fuel feed shutting off provided the condition is satisfied that engine is started after receipt of said request for starting provided that predefined engine forced shutoff time lapsed and the condition that shutoff request is received.

EFFECT: possibility of forced engine shutoff even at failure that rules out disconnection of the vehicle electric power source.

7 cl, 10 dwg

Inverter generator // 2540416

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to the field of electric engineering and can be used for control of the inverter generator equipped with a motor. The inverter generator (10) comprises a winding (22a, 22b) wound around the generator unit (14) driven by a motor (12), a converter (24, 26) coupled to the winding and designed to convert alternating current at the winding output into direct current, an inverter (36) coupled to the converter and designed to convert direct current at the converter output and to transmit it as an output signal, and a controller (42) designed to control operation of the converter and inverter. An accumulator battery (20) is connected to the above motor. The winding comprises the first winding (22a) and the second winding (22b). The controller supplies the accumulator battery output to one of the windings - the first one or the second one - in order to run up the generator unit for the motor starting.

EFFECT: mass and dimensions parameters are improved.

6 cl, 7 dwg