Methods and compositions for treating inflammation and ischemic damage

FIELD: pharmacology.

SUBSTANCE: following are proposed: method for treating a subject suffering from ischemic damage or an acute ischemic event, comprising administering cysteamine, cystamine or a salt thereof, simultaneously with or immediately after the ischemic event, in an amount effective to reduce the ischemic damage, wherein the subject does not suffer from hypercholesterolemia or diabetes of II type, where the administration of cysteamine, cystamine or a salt thereof leads to an increase in adiponectin level with low molecular weight (LMW) (versions) in subjects; a method for increasing (versions) adiponectin levels with LMW in the mentioned patient group comprising contacting the subject with an effective amount of cysteamine, cystamine or a salt thereof (versions); the use of cysteamine, cystamine or a salt thereof in the manufacture of a medicament in the above mentioned treatment of a subject suffering from the acute ischemic event and not suffering from hypercholesterolemia or diabetes of II type.

EFFECT: levels of all adiponectin multimers are increased, within 1 hour after cysteamine exposure in the blood serum, LMW of adiponectin was rapidly and significantly increased, cysteamine administration 2 hours before the ischemic stroke significantly reduced the infarction area and the number of ischemic damages.

28 cl, 18 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to cardiovascular surgery and cardiology, and deals with complex correction of immunoinflammatory responses of cardiovascular bed. For this purpose, in case of presence of high level of circulating immune complexes and/or complement in patient, three sessions of plasmapheresis in accordance with conventional methods, and in case of low level of IgG and reduced phagocytic activity of neutrophils and monocytes, as well as in case of confirmed autoimmune process, a course of intravenous infusions of human polyvalent immunoglobulin is carried out in accordance with conventional schemes.

EFFECT: method provides reduction of both hypo- and hyperactive disorders in immune system of patients and resulting increase of efficiency of treatment of cardiovascular system diseases.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: limb ischemia is simulated in a male Wistar rat anaesthetised with chloral hydrate in a dose of 250-300 mg/kg by the surgical removal of femoral, popliteal arteries and the front shin artery. That is followed by introducing a prepared mononuclear fraction of the autologous bone marrow in a dose of 4×106 cells in an amount of 200 mcl. The above is introduced into the ischemic limb from two points in an amount of 100 mcl each. One point is found directly under the femoral arch paravasally within the anatomical position of collaterals of the inner iliac artery and its branches. The other point is located in the calf muscle on an anteriolateral surface of the midleg.

EFFECT: more effective experimental treatment ensured by stimulating the collateral blood flow in the ischemic limb and improving the arterial blood flow from the proximal to distal parts of the limb.

1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: early postoperative period involves administering low-molecular heparins and anti-inflammatory agents. Anti-inflammatory therapy requires administering cycloferon according to the schedule: 2 tablets of cycloferon 0.15 mg on the first preoperative day, 2 tablets on the first postoperative day, 2 tablets in the morning on the 2nd, 4th, 6th postoperative day, and further, every third day throughout 1 postoperative month (on the 9th, 12th, 15th, 18th, 21st, 24th, 27th, 30th day).

EFFECT: method provides the effective prevention of postpericardiotomy syndrome with a lower risk of side effects by administering cycloferon according to the developed schedule requiring non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and glucocorticosteroids.

2 ex, 3 tbl

Treatment // 2554801

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine, and concerns using a human Annexin-1 antibody (Anx-A1), which has the sequence SEQ ID NO: 23 for treating a disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation. The group of inventions also concerns a method of treating a disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation, involving administering a therapeutic amount of the above antibody into an individual in need thereof; using the above antibody for producing a therapeutic agent for treating a disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides treating the disease caused by abnormal T-cell activation.

9 cl, 11 ex, 22 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns rehabilitation of elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) accompanied by chronic heart insufficiency (CHI) following myocardial in myocardial infarction (MI). That is ensured by administering Omacor, a preparation of omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids in the remote period, 6 or more months after the suffered MI with underlying a standard drug therapy 60 minutes before the graduated walking.

EFFECT: this complex of the drug preparations combined with the graduated physical exercises provides higher tolerance to physical exercises, improving the cardiovascular function and normalising the lipid exchange that in turn leads to reducing a number of unfavourable cardiovascular episodes and delaying CHI.

2 ex, 5 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: claimed is the application of N-(2-adamantyl)-hexamethylenimine hydrochloride (himantane) as a medication for treating cerebral circulation disorders and brain traumas. An ability of himantane to reduce animal morbidity and increase cognitive and motor indices in case of its introduction after 3.5 hours after modelling a hematoma in rats and further introduction for 4 days was determined, which testifies to its possessing the neuroprotective potential on the model of the intracerebral post-traumatic hematoma. The technical result consists in the realisation of the claimed purpose: it has been shown that himantane in a dose of 5 mg/kg in case of intravenous introduction causes the increase of cerebral circulation in the rats' brain after ischemic brain affection without changing the level of arterial pressure.

EFFECT: medication did not produce a significant impact on the blood supply of the brain of the intact animals and did not cause a change in the heart rate and respiratory rate.

1 dwg, 6 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medicine, namely to neurology, and deals with the treatment of ischemic stroke. For this purpose the introduction of ubidecarenone by injection, mainly intravenous, is carried out.

EFFECT: introduction of the medication provides the reduction of the zone of brain tissue injury and reduction of neurologic deficiency expression due to the accumulation of ubidecarenone, possessing an expressed neuroprotective action, in brain tissues.

7 cl, 4 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a compound of formula , which is a methylhydrofumarate (MHF) prodrug. In formula (I), radicals and symbols have the values specified in the patent claim. The invention also refers to a pharmaceutical composition containing the declared methylhydrofumarate drugs, to using the declared methylhydrofumarate drugs and the pharmaceutical composition containing them, for treating diseases, such as psoriasis, asthma, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory intestinal disease and arthritis, and to a method of treating the above diseases.

EFFECT: higher oral bioavailability and plasma MHF, dimethylfumarate and/or other metabolites.

47 cl, 1 tbl, 54 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: antianginal therapy is accompanied by a primary discrete plasmapheresis in a refrigerate centrifuge PC-6 having a rotating speed of 2,000 rpm for 15 minutes at a temperature of 22°C in number of 5 sessions every second day. One session involves removing the whole blood in an amount of: 2 flexible PVC packages x 450 ml if the patient's body weight index is from 18 to 29.9 kg/m2, 3 flexible PVC packages x 450 ml if the patient's body weight index is over 30 kg/m2. The total volume of the removed plasma makes 600-900 ml. The circulating blood volume is replaced with 0.9% NaCl in an amount of half as much as the removed plasma volume. Once the plasmapheresis course is completed, the blood is exposed to ultraviolet light generated by OVK-3 apparatus for at wave length more than 400 nm in number of 5 procedures every second day.

EFFECT: effective treatment of the given category of the patients by improving the haemorheology, normalising the lipid spectrum without increasing liver enzymes with preserving the hepatic function, decreasing the dyslipidemia level and functional class of angina in the patients with limited use of statins with underlying cholestasis.

2 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: urgent surgery on vessels of a lower extremity involves placing an electrode for transoesophageal atrial temporal pacing (TOTP). That is followed by administering a beta adrenergic blocking agent intravenously in a load dose to achieve a decreased heart rate of ≤ 60 beats per minute. The dose of the beta adrenergic blocking agent is reduced to a maintaining one with preserving a sinus decreased heart rate from 72 to 74 beats per minute for the whole surgery and for 2-3 days thereafter as it may be necessary. The surgical repair of coronary arteries is performed at least 3-4 weeks after the surgery on the vessels of the lower extremities.

EFFECT: therapeutic approach provides preventing minor cardiac output syndrome and other cardiovascular adverse effects accompanying the repair surgeries on the arteries of the lower extremities that enables a coronary artery bypass surgery 3-4 weeks later.

2 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: veterinary medicine.

SUBSTANCE: treatment is carried out with an aqueous solution of the preparation "Biopag-D" at a concentration of 4-2% by drifting animals through the baths with the solution having the immersion depth up to the carpal joint.

EFFECT: invention enables to treat efficiently and stress-free and prevent treatment of diseases of hooves and dew claws of animals.

3 cl, 5 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: stimulating the excised liver regeneration is ensured by a 70% hepatectomy into a laboratory animal on the second day of the experiment. A liver regeneration stimulator is presented by L-norvaline administered intragastrically in a daily dose of 10.0 mg/kg every 46 hours for the first 7 days of the experiment.

EFFECT: method provides the effective stimulation of the excised liver regeneration evidenced by reducing the animals' lethality, improved hepatic microcirculation, reduced manifestation of cytolysis and enhanced synthetic function of the liver.

2 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to therapeutic dentistry, and can be used for the local treatment of chronic gingivitis caused by tobacco smoking in young individuals. That is ensured by a preparatory procedure of luminal-dependent chemiluminescence of the oral fluid aiming at a maximum burst and a glow light sum. If the maximum burst falls within the range of 3.3 to 18.15 standard units, whereas the glow light sum ranges from 8.2 to 40 standard units, an antioxidant therapy is conducted by using a transverse gingival mucosa electrophoresis on 5% aqueous propolis by means of jaw electrodes in a tray at a current intensity of 0.5-1 mA and an exposure of 8-10 minutes. A polarity is alternated with a positive pole to be taken the first. The therapeutic course makes 4 procedures every second day. Colgate Propolis Toothpase and Mouthwash are used additionally during 30 days. If the maximum burst is from 0.8 to 1.24 standard units, whereas the glow light sum ranges from 3.34 to 7.5 standard units, a pro-oxidant therapy is required by using an exposure to magnetic infrared laser (MIL) light covering a projection of gums and generated by Optodan laser with a periodontal attachment The exposure parameters: 2-2,000 Hz in segments, 2 minutes per each segment, no more than 12 minutes per 1 procedure. The therapeutic course makes 4 procedures every second day. Parodontax Toothpase and Mouthwash are used additionally during 12 days.

EFFECT: method simplifies and reduces the length of the treatment in the given category of patients.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oxazolopyramidine compounds of formula I, where A represents O; R1 is selected from phenyl or pyrimidine, which are optionally substituted with R11; R2 represents phenyl, which is optionally substituted wby 1-3 ring carbon atoms with similar or different substituents R22, R11 represents halogen; R22 is selected from hydroxy group, (C1-C4)-alkyl, which is optionallysubstituted with 1-3 atoms of fluorine, (C1-C4)-alkyloxy, (C1-C4)-alkyl-S(O)m-; m equals 2. Invention also relates to pharmaceutical composition, which contains formula I compounds, and to method of obtaining formula I compounds.

EFFECT: formula I compounds, intended for activation of EDG-1 receptor and applied for wound healing.

15 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oxazolopyramidine compounds of formula (I), where A represents O; X represents (C1-C6)-alkanediyl or (C1-C6)-alkanediyloxy, where oxygen atom of (C1-C6)-alkanediyloxy is bound to group R2; Y represents pyrrolidinyl; R1 represents (C1-C4)-alkyl; R2 represents phenylene, optionally substituted by one or two carbon atoms in ring with similar or different substituent R22; R3 is selected from group, which consists of cycloalkyl-CuH2u-, where u equals 1; radical of saturated 3-10-member monocyclic ring, phenyl or pyridyl, where ring radical is optionally substituted by one or two carbon atoms of ring with substituent R31; R4 represents hydrogen; R22 represents (C1-C4)-alkyl; R31 is selected from group, which consists of halogen and (C1-C4)-alkyl. Invention also relates to (S)-l-[2-(2,6-dimethyl-4-{5-[methyl-(3,3,3-trifluoropropyl)amino]-7-propoxyoxazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine-2-yl}phenoxy)acetyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid, pharmaceutical composition and to method of obtaining compounds of formula (I) .

EFFECT: compounds of formula (I), intended for activation of EDG-1 receptor and applied for wound healing.

16 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to veterinary and can be applied in animal-breeding for stimulation of metabolic processes, and growth activity of calves. Medication for stimulation of metabolic processes and growth activity of calves includes succinic acid as energetic stimulator, with application of citric acid as activator of succinic acid, beetroot molasses as carbon component, and methionine and sodium chloride as stimulators of digestion system.

EFFECT: application of invention makes it possible to ensure expressed acceleration of growth energy in early postnatal period.

3 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: cytoflavin is administered into laboratory animals (rats) daily immediately before overheating in an air laboratory thermostat at +40±1-2°C for 45 minutes. The preparation is administered intraperitoneally in a dose of 100 mg/kg of body weight for 14 days.

EFFECT: higher body adaptability by increasing antioxidant activity and reducing a rate of lipid peroxidation products accumulation with underlying thermal exposure.

4 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: minor amputation of the foot with the further necrectomy is performed. After the application of an antimicrobial bandage and drainage, the wound is hermetised from the environment by the creation of a negative pressure above the wound in a combination with drug treatment. The reatment is performed in two steps. At the first step the wound with the antimicrobial bandage and drainage is first hermetised from above with an adhesive film, with the creation and support of the negative pressure not lower than 80 mm Hg. Urokinase 500000 U is additionally introduced daily intravenously by drop infusion per 100 ml of physiological solution, Vessel-Due-F in a dose of 600 LU per 100 ml of physiological solution and VAP 20 - alprostadil in a dose of 40 mcg per 100 ml of physiological solution. In addition Antistax in capsules is introduced to the patient. At the second stage active 24-hour vacuum aspiration with the change of the negative pressure from 10 to 80 mm Hg within a day is carried out. Additionally introduced is Vessel-Due-F in a dose of 1 capsule with 250 LU 2 times per day between meals and Antistax. At the first and second stages Antistax is introduced in a dose of 2 capsules in the morning 30-40 minutes before meal, daily. Duration of each stage constitutes not less than 7 days.

EFFECT: increase of the treatment efficiency due to the complete and timely purification of the wound from pathological exudates, elimination of the progression of the purulent-necrotic process, increase of the regenerative activity of tissues, activation of local immunity, recovery of microcirculation and oxygenation of the affected tissues.

2 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves professional oral hygiene is carried out consisting in ultrasonic removal of supra- and subgingival dental deposits and polishing of supragingival teeth. Bite splinting and recovery of dentition integrity may be required. After dissecting a mucoperiosteal flap according to the known technique, an incision area is sanitated by means of a photodynamic therapy (PDT). The PDT is conducted with the use of a diode laser at wave length 660±5 nm and emitting power 0.5-1.0 Wt. The photosensitiser "Photoditasin" in the form of 0.5% gel is introduced by means of a cannula into dental gaps, under the dissected segments of the flap and onto the mucosal tissue for 5 minutes. The photosensitiser is washed out, and the gingival pockets are repeatedly exposed to laser light for 2-3 min in the same environment. Sterile osteoplastic material is introduced into bone defects, and the flap is sutured together.

EFFECT: effective cleansing of the surgical area, eliminating the periodontal inflammation, stimulating tissue osteogenesis and regeneration, stabilising the processes of bone tissue absorption of alveolar interdental septa and preserving the tissues.

2 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: to correct pathologic changes in the condition of viable offspring under a cytostatic impact the medication glutoxim is introduced to female rats in a dose of 50 mcg/kg 5 days before and 5 days after the introduction of the cytostatic medication vepesid. The latter is introduced once intravenously in a maximal tolerable dose, equal to 30 mg/kg. It has been established that glutoxim can be applied as means for the correction of pathologic changes in the viable offspring of rats, obtained from coupling 3 months after the cytostatic impact.

EFFECT: application of glutoxim as the means of corrective therapy makes it possible to increase efficiency and reduce its side effects.

6 dwg

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of pharmaceutics and medicine and deals with the application of cysteamine in the treatment of a microbial infection, caused by a microbial biofilm, as well as to a product, containing at least two anti-biofilm agents, where at least one anti-biofilm agent represents an antimicrobial peptide, and the second anti-biofilm agent represents cysteamine. Also claimed are the application of the said product in the treatment of a microbial infection and a method of preventing the formation of the microbial biofilm in a medium.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides higher antibacterial activity in comparison with the activity of any compound separately.

13 cl, 33 dwg, 2 tbl

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