Method for starting the engine (variants) and engine starting system attached to the transmission

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: engine start process comprises feeding a substantially constant mass of air in the engine after increasing the engine speed to a predetermined condition. Shall regulate the ignition timing for the issuance of the torque to reach the required number of engine idle speed the introduction of the engine substantially constant air mass. Provides ignition timing advance in the installation direction to install the minimum ignition angle for maximum torque (MT) in response to an increase in the engine torque when administered at a substantially constant engine air mass. Embodiment of the method of the engine start and the engine start system are disclosed.

EFFECT: optional limit fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature limit.

20 cl, 5 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: engine ignition system comprises crankshaft position pickup, engine load pickup, air temperature pickup, engine temperature pickup, pickups of duration of fuel atomizers opening in first, second, third and fourth cylinders. Besides, it includes microprocessor, power supply, switches, ignition coils, pulse generators, ignition plugs fitted in engine cylinders and pressure pickups fitted therein.

EFFECT: higher power developed by the engine.

4 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises the modules that follow: injection point determination module; engine rpm determination module; engine load determination module and module for storage of control data on variation of optimum firing point relative to engine rpm and engine load as well as control on correction factor. These indices are related with optimum firing point relative to engine load at specific fuel injection moment. At call to control data, optimum firing point variation is defined by specific fuel injection moment and definite engine rpm. Here, departure between appropriate variations of optimum injection point is determined. At call to control data of correction factor, the latter is defined relative to definite engine load at specific fuel injection moment. Corrected optimum firing point variation is defined from correction factor and departure of optimum firing point.

EFFECT: reduced associate computation load at preparation of control map.

3 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICE combustion feedback systems. ICE (10) comprises multicylinder engine (12), load (14) engaged with engine via crankshaft (16), torque magnetic torque (24) arranged between engine (12) and load (14) and control module (26). Said torque magnetic transducer (24) can measure engine (12) torque to generate its output signal (28). Control module (26) is connected with torque magnetic transducer (24) to interact therewith. Control module (26) comprises data collection module (30) to receive torque signal (28) and to generate one or more control signals (32, 34, 36, 38) corresponding to one or more combustion parameters on the basis of torque signal (28). Data collection module (30) incorporates HF filter to generate detonation output signal configured to receive torque signal and to generate detonation output signal corresponding to engine one cylinder. Control module (26) can control one or more engine (12) control parameters on the basis of one or more combustion parameters for control over combustion in every engine (12) cylinder. Invention discloses the system design version.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of control.

16 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used at designing control system for ICE 2 running on several types of fuel. Identification of knocks at changing the type of fuel consists in registration of characteristic of signal (ikr) describing the ICE housing noise and definition of base level of background noise (rkr) by filtration in low-pass filter (LPF) LPF filtration factor (TPF) is varied during transition from one fuel to the other. Note here that magnitude of said factor is set to lower value that moment. Occurrence of knocks is defined proceeding from threshold value (SW) to be coordinated at changing of fuel type. Proposed device comprises housing noise registration unit 5 to record the characteristic of signal (ikr) and knocks identification unit 4 to register aforesaid signal and to determine its base level (rkr). Adjustment is performed by changing the throttle position, amount of fed fuel or ignition dwell angle.

EFFECT: lower probability of false operation of control system.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICEs. Particularly, it relates to engine adaptation of octane number by conversion of identified octane number. Proceeding from check advance ignition adjustment at engine operating range for definite octane number said operating range is divided into several zones (1-16). Note here every said zone comprises includes antiknock advance ignition correction magnitude of check adjustment. Changeover to check adjustment corresponding to lower octane number is performed. When threshold magnitude of advance correction cycle (S1_2-S16_2) is exceeded at one zone, or when zone counter wherein another threshold magnitude (S1_1-S16_1) is exceeded, multi-zone threshold (S3) is exceeded.

EFFECT: engine adaptation to fuel octane number.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to internal combustion engines. Particularly, it relates to adaptation of engine to fuel octane number by conversion of the fuel identified octane number. Proceeding from spark advance check adjustment in the area of measured engine operating magnitudes, for definite octane number this area of measured engine operating magnitudes is divided into several zones (1-16); note here that every said zone comprises antiknock correction value for spark advance for said check adjustment. Here, changeover to check adjustment is performed corresponding to higher octane number: when incremental counter (TDC_CTR) of TDC number exceeds definite threshold (S3) if advance correction at current zone is smaller than definite threshold (S1_1-S16_1), or when zone number counter wherein advance correction cycle is smaller than the other threshold (S1_2-S16_2) exceeds multi-zone threshold (S3).

EFFECT: engine adaptation to fuel octane number.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICE two-stroke engine rpm control means and processes. Particularly, it covers ignition dwell angle control relative to TDC. At preset engine rpm, ignition dwell angle can be adjusted step-by-step. Alternation between two ignition dwell angles can be performed in one or several steps. In case engine rpm exceeds the threshold magnitude, dwell angle can be adjusted.

EFFECT: efficient control over dwell angle, engine higher reliability and longer life.

17 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: in the method, the device, the medium, and the vehicle of correction of combustion parameter the value of the parameter Pi is set (104) by interpolation between two pre-determined values Piref1 and Piref2 depending on the CO value of the engine mode and on the temperature of the engine coolant, and the values Piref1 and Piref2 are optimal for reducing polluting emissions when the control fuel is fed to the engine respectively to high volatility and low volatility.

EFFECT: limitation of polluting emissions during the blowdown of the vehicle engine.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ignition system comprises crankshaft position pickup 1, engine load pickup 2, air temperature up 3, engine temperature pickup 4, fuel injector open time 5, microprocessor 6, power supply 7, switches 8, 9, 10 and 11, ignition coils 12, 13, 14 and 15 and plugs 16, 17, 18 and 19.

EFFECT: increased torque at engine shaft and completeness of fuel combustion.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: electronic control unit (ECU) of the engine executes a program with the following stages: detecting the value of the engine vibration (stage S102); detecting the wave shape of the engine vibration based on the said value (stage S104); calculating the quotient K of correlation if the engine rotational frequency NE is less than the threshold value NE (1), using the sum of the values where each value is calculated by substracting the positive reference value from the value taken in the shock shape model , the sum is used as the area S of the shock shape model; and calculating the quotient K of correlation if the engine rotational frequency NE is not less than the threshold value NE (1), using the whole area S of the shock shape model (stage S114); and determining whether the detonation occurred or not, using the quotient K of correlation (stages S120, S124). The quotient K of correlation is calculated by dividing the sum of remainders by the area S, where each remainder is a remainder between the value on the vibration wave shape and the value on the shock shape model.

EFFECT: creation of method and device for detecting the detonation which is capable of detecting precisely whether the detonation occurred or not.

24 cl, 28 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in pre-starting and auxiliary heat power plants of vehicles for simultaneous generation of heat and the electric power. Pre-starting heat power plant for vehicles contains an internal combustion engine (1), an electric generator (2), a waste heat exchanger (3) utilising the heat of exhaust gases, a mixing device (4) with an electric heater, a liquid pump (8) with the electric drive, a check valve (5) and hydraulic lines (9), (10), (11) with heat carrier. The plant is also contains the oil pump (15) with the electric drive, the recuperative heat exchanger (18) for heating of engine oil and the oil line which is built in the oil pan with the nozzles directed towards necks of the cranked shaft and towards the oil pump of the internal combustion engine, oil hydraulic lines. The recuperative heat exchanger (18) of heating of engine oil according to the series hydraulic circuit is connected by hydraulic lines of the heat carrier to the mixing device (4) with the electric heater. The oil pump (15) with the electric drive through oil hydraulic lines supplies engine oil to the recuperative heat exchanger (18) for heating of engine oil after which heated engine oil is supplied into the oil line which is built in the oil pan with the nozzles directed towards the necks of the cranked shaft and towards the oil pump of the internal combustion engine.

EFFECT: design simplification and reduction of dimensions.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. The invention proposes an electric heater of diesel oil or motor oil, which includes the following: outer casing (2), heating rods (1) and temperature control (3). Each of the heating rods (1) includes an electrode part, a heating part and a cover of the external coating, as well as it is connected to a mounting end of temperature control (3) by means of the electrode part and rigidly attached to outer casing (2) with one of its ends. Temperature control (3) is arranged inside outer casing (2); cavities of outer casing (2) are filled with a liquid sealant, and hole (5) is arranged on outer casing (2) for fixation of the heater in a set position.

EFFECT: heater has a low price; it is composed in the form of a structure; it is safe, reliable and serviceable.

6 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed heater comprises housing with coolant feed and discharge channels and cover tightly coupled with said housing, tubular electrical heater secured therein and motor-drive rotary pump Impeller is fitted on pump rotor shaft inside aforesaid housing Note here that said rotary pump is provided with jacket fitted in heater housing with secured by its one end in the latter in inlet channel zone Its opposite end is secured at housing cover in the area of rotor shaft with impeller exit so that said impeller is located inside aforesaid jacket Note here that said jacket in impeller zone has openings to communicate the jacket inside with heater housing inside Motor rotor is enclosed in cup-like case closed by cup cover on cover outer side and secured at cover inner side Note here that rotor shaft section with impeller fitted thereon extends through cup cover and heater housing cover inside the housing Tubular heater is composed of helical coil arranged around said jacket above its openings and secured at heater housing cover Coolant feed channel, pump jacket and rotor shaft with impeller are aligned.

EFFECT: higher efficiency, electric power saving.

11 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention claims autonomous device for diesel fuel heating in fuel tank 16, including heat exchanger 1 and heat carrier feed and control system 2. System 2 includes trolley 3 with gas heater 4 for heat carrier, pump 5, accumulator 6, control device 7 and gas cylinder 8 mounted on the trolley, heat exchanger is made in the form of rigid spiral tube mounted on handle 10 by a joint and connected to heater 4 with a flexible hose. Electric pump for heated diesel fuel stirring is installed inside spiral tube of the heat exchanger.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of diesel fuel heating in the whole volume of fuel tank.

3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: measured ambient air and coolant temperatures are used to define air heater operating interval to correct it by fuel mix temperature in combustion chamber at compression stroke end while fuel in nozzle is heated to maximum possible value. After engine start, fuel heating intensity is decreased while nozzle operating heat conditions are kept up with the help of thermal pickup built in the nozzle, heater and control unit and maintained at said level during the entire cycle of post-starting interval with allowance for engine heat conditions and ambient air temperature. Inlet fuel and air controlled heating subject to engine and ambient air temperature allows maintenance of optimum temperature of combustion mix in the engine combustion chamber at whatever operating conditions.

EFFECT: decreased time and power consumption by diesel preparation for starting.

3 dwg

Fuel heater // 2535431

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: electric fuel heater comprising body in form of the bolt with cavity in its rod, input and output holes, agitator, ceramic heating element, nickel-chromium spiral connected in series with the ceramic heating element, and casing. The internal cavity of the fuel heater body is made with spiral groove. The fuel agitator installed in the internal cavity of the body is in form of the bolt containing guide part and agitating element in form of the ellipse with spiral groove direct opposite to the spiral groove of the body.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of heat transfer.

1 dwg

Ice liquid heater // 2535291

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: heater comprises ICE, electrical generator, heat exchange offgas heat recovery unit, offgas main line, fluid lines, electrically drive fluid pump, check valve and tank with electric heater. In compliance with this invention incorporates extra recuperative heat exchanger for cooling of coolant with electrically driven blower and three-way valves with servo drive. Note here that fluid electrically driven pump is communicated via coolant fluid lines with ICE cooling system. Said system accommodates the tank with electric heater and heat exchanger-offgas heat recovery unit. Said heat exchanger is connected via fluid line with the first three-way valve with servo drive. The latter is arranged downstream of check valve in fluid line feeding coolant from ICE to carrier heater radiator lines and those of aforesaid recuperative heat exchanger. Second three-way salve with servo drive is arranged upstream of electrically driven fluid pump to communicate coolant feed and discharge lines with carrier ICE. Besides, ICE exhaust gases are fed via offgas main line to recuperative heat exchanger.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of pre-starting heating, higher thermal efficiency, decreased overall dimensions.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: engine prestart heating is performed by natural gas feed into prestart heater combustion chamber to heat carrier engine coolant by natural gas combustion heat. Natural gas is fed from low-pressure main line via distribution gas line and gas hose into prestart heater combustion chamber. Prestart heater control system power supply and that of actuators related therewith is performed by connection to power supply located outside the carrier.

EFFECT: higher reliability and efficiency at long stops.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: system to maintain availability for start-up of an internal combustion engine (7) of a diesel locomotive comprises a standard system (4) for cooling of an internal combustion engine (7), a liquid heater (1), connected to the main manifold of the standard cooling system (4), a standard fuel system (18) of an internal combustion engine with a standard fuel tank (23) and a standard injecting fuel pump (19), an additional fuel tank (20), equipped with an overflow pipeline (21), a drain pipeline (22) with a tap and a pipeline connecting the additional fuel tank (20) with the liquid heater (1). There is an additional fuel pump (17), installed in the standard fuel system (18) in parallel to the standard injecting fuel pump (19), an additional oil pump (11), connected in parallel to the standard injecting oil pump (43), a device (15) for booster charge of an accumulator battery (16) of a diesel locomotive, maintaining it in the condition of availability for start-up of the internal combustion engine, and cooling coolant temperature sensors (13) for control of system operation, connected into the pipeline (46) with the lowest coolant temperature in the cooling system of the internal combustion engine. The additional fuel tank (20) of the system is connected into the drain pipeline of the standard fuel system (18) for provision of its reliable filling with diesel fuel. Additional circulating water pumps (30) are installed on inlet pipelines of standard liquid heaters (28) of air in driver's cabins (29) for provision of conditions in them for start-up of the internal combustion engine (7). Supply of the liquid heater (1), circulating electric motors (8), oil (11) and fuel pumps (17), a device (15) for booster charge of the diesel locomotive accumulator battery (16) and elements of the control system (47) is arranged via a separate cabinet (48) of electric equipment from the external source of energy.

EFFECT: increased reliability of system operation and increased time for engine standing idle in cold time of the year as continuously available for start-up.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in gas feed into cylinders and cylinder antechamber, spark ignition of gas in antechambers, and feed of gas combustion product from antechamber into combustion chambers of engine cylinders. At starting gas engine at crankshaft cranking by starter to stable idling rpm, gas is forced into engine cylinder antechamber and/or gas engine cylinders, gas volumetric combustion heat exceeding that of natural bas by some 1.5-2 times and higher. At starting the gas engine, fuel gas can be fed into some cylinders of multicylinder gas engine.

EFFECT: higher reliability of starting and accelerated starting.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine at stay after cold starting can change its combustion mode to homogeneous combustion mode or that based on fuel charge layer-by-layer distribution. Working range of combustion based on layer-by-layer fuel charge distribution at vehicle stay after cold starting is expanded relative to that of homogeneous combustion at stay after cold starting as vehicle inclination angle decreases.

EFFECT: expanded working range, negative pressure of sucked air for required brake characteristic, decreased HC content at stay after cold starting.

7 cl, 6 dwg

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