Navigation buoy with integrated power plant
SUBSTANCE: navigational buoy is proposed having streamlined sealed body divided into compartments, light-optical LED equipment located at the head of the body, solar power plant, consisting of a light-optical device, an autonomous power supply (battery) and rechargeable energy device with a mechanism to connect it to this source that converts thermal sun energy into electrical energy and placed inside the solar concentrator whose functions are performed by optical device based on a Fresnel lens, wave power plant, mounted inside the housing comprising a cylindrical container with a stator of a linear electric generator, on the axis of which the rod is moving in the guides; on the rod, the rotor with permanent magnets of the linear electric generator is mounted; at the end of the rod, a stabilizing ballast is installed, made hollow in the form of a float, the stator winding is connected to the charger input, the output of which is connected to the battery from which the light-optical equipment energised. One more solar power plant is introduced, made in the form of a sphere mounted on the perimeter of the LED emitter and connected to the battery.
EFFECT: increases capacity of the navigational buoy power plant, simplified structure.
SUBSTANCE: solar heat and cold supply system includes a southern air pipeline made from material that absorbs solar radiation and a northern air pipeline, which are both located on the corresponding sides of the building, a thermal accumulator forming together with the building floor and under-floor air pipeline interconnected with the southern air pipeline, as well as heat exchange and soil air pipelines located one above another under the thermal accumulator, the second one of which is provided with soil heat-conducting pipes; with that, in the thermal accumulator there arranged is a vortex tube; outlets of the under-floor and soil air pipelines are connected to a cold channel of the vortex tube; with that, the southern and the northern air pipelines are connected to atmosphere, and the heat exchanger is connected to the room, as well as the southern air pipeline is provided with a convergent nozzle that is installed outside the room and includes a swirler consisting of four plates; with that, at the inlet opening of the convergent nozzle on the inner surface there is a circular groove connected to a contamination removal device.
EFFECT: reduction of power consumption to a drive of a forced draft fan by cleaning of sucked atmospheric air from drop-shaped and solid particles.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining heat and electrical energy includes focusing of the sun rays by concentrator on the fixed heat-absorbing surface, and further focus movement over it in accordance with sun movement, the heating medium heating through the heat-absorbing surface, and transformation of the obtained heat energy in the electric energy. The concave mirror is used as concentrator, the mirror is moved by sun tracking, at that the heat-absorbing surface is arranged at crossing of the vertical and horizontal axes, around which the concentrator is rotated during tracking. For the concentrator rotation relatively the vertical axis the first motor is started, as result the worn screw 5 starts rotation and turning of the tooth-wheel 2 together with platform 1. When the concentrator achieves the required position (azimuth), the first motor shutdowns. For the concentrator rotation around the horizontal axis the second motor is started, resulting in rotation of the shaft 14 with worn screw 13, that by means of the tooth-wheel 12 and connected with its worn screw 10 the gear sector 9 with axle 6 and wheel 7 rotates. At that by means of the chain-drive 8 the driven wheel 15 with horizontal axles 17 and concentrator is rotated to the required position, then it is locked by the motor shutdown. At that on the bottom part of the heat-absorbing surface of the sphere 19 a light spot of the concentrated sun rays is created, the spot moves over this surface during the sun tracking during day time.
EFFECT: increased stability of the energy sources parameters, increased efficiency, improved operation characteristics.
10 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for implementation of the method includes heater-evaporator 1 with heat exchange ribs 2, airlift 3, condenser 4, ejector 5, energy converter 6, and branch pipe 7. Liquid 8 circulates inside the device.
EFFECT: simpler implementation of the method and the design; improved reliability, durability, ecological and economical properties; enlarged field of application.
14 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system of solar heat and cold supply and quality air exchange in buildings includes a southern air pipeline made from material absorbing solar radiation and a northern air pipeline, which are located on the corresponding sides of a building, a thermal accumulator forming together with the building floor an underground air pipeline interconnected with the southern air pipeline, as well as heat exchange and ground air pipelines, which are located under the thermal accumulator one above another, the first one of which is interconnected with the northern air pipeline, and the second one is provided with ground heat-conducting pipes; with that, the system is provided with a vortex pipe arranged in the thermal accumulator, and the heat exchange air pipeline is provided with a suction filter that is installed in a room and made in the form of an inside air cleaning assembly, consists of a diffuser with longitudinally arranged screw-shaped grooves entering an annular groove connected to a contamination collector, in which a dehydrating device in the form of a tank with an adsorbing substance is arranged.
EFFECT: invention shall provide for cleaning of exit air and elimination of scents specific for cattle farms.
SUBSTANCE: system of electric power generation from sun energy, using biofuel boiler (6) as additional heat source, includes concentrating sun collector, biofuel boiler (6), turbine generator. Concentrating sun collector utilises water as work medium and medium-pressure sun collector tubes (13) combined in a serial and parallel matrix, concentrating sun collector output is connected to the base of drum (6a) of biofuel boiler (6) via second control valve (22), and steam output of biofuel boiler drum (6a) is connected to cylinder (3) of the turbine generator (1). Such system utilises sun energy and heat source of biofuel boiler selectively, depending on weather conditions. Additionally the invention claims method of electric power generation using the system.
EFFECT: stable operation enhancing operation efficiency.
12 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to maintain comfortable air parameters in low buildings, mainly in cattle farms. Solar heat and cold supply system includes south air duct made of material absorbing solar radiation and north air duct, located at respective building sides, heat collector, together with the building floor forming a subfloor air duct connected to the south air duct, and heat exchange and underground air ducts positioned one over the other below the heat collector, where heat exchange air duct is connected to the north air duct, and underground air duct is equipped with underground heat transfer pipes; the system features a vortex tube in the heat collector, vortex tube input connected to subfloor air duct, cold channel connected to transfer piece, and hot channel connected via heat collector to underground air duct; subfloor and underground air duct outputs are connected to cold channel of vortex tube where a filter is installed downstream of air duct connection point; south and north air ducts are opened to ambient air, and heat exchange air duct is opened to indoor space; special feature of the system is the underground air duct made of composite material including metal base, heat insulation and heat accumulation thin-fibre basalt and waterproof layer, where thin-fibre basalt is stretched lengthwise along underground air duct and attached between metal base and waterproof layer.
EFFECT: prevention of heat loss during long-term operation in variable temperature and humidity conditions of ground, affecting elements of solar heat and cold supply system by implementation of underground pipeline out of composite material with fixated thin-fibre basalt stretched lengthwise between metal base and waterproof layer.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to renewable energy sources and intended for generation of electric energy for charging of hybrid and electric cars as well as cars with flywheel-type energy storage units. The multifunctional stand-alone hybrid charging station (MSAHCS) may be used as a stand-alone power plant for production and household use by consumers, video monitoring of the environment, instrument monitoring of meteorological and ecological situation in the location area. In MSAHCS the correlation between elements of its design is introduced and also the functional interaction of the above elements is given.
EFFECT: invention allows charging of hybrid and electrical cars and flywheel-type energy storage units independently from conventional energy sources; joint use of renewable sources of solar energy, geothermal energy and wind energy any time any day in the year round; effective recovery of electric energy from the MSAHCS shaded side using helio-spotlights as well as weather and environment monitoring; hot water supply for the MSAHCS needs.
10 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to maintain the comfort of air parameters in low-rise buildings, mainly on livestock farms. The system of helio-thermo-cold supply comprises the southern, made of the material absorbing solar radiation, and northern air ducts located on respective sides of the building, the heat accumulator which forms with the floor of the building the underground air duct which communicates with the southern, as well as located under the heat accumulator one above the other heat exchanging and ground air ducts the first of which communicates with the northern, and the other is provided with the ground heat-conducting tubes, and the system is equipped with a vortex tube located in the heat accumulator, communicated with its inlet to the underground air duct, with the cold duct - with the room, and hot - through the heat accumulator to the ground air duct, the outputs of the underground and the ground air ducts are connected to the cold duct of the vortex tube, and behind the place of their connection the filter is mounted, and the southern and northern air ducts are communicated with the atmosphere, and heat exchanger - with the room, and the system is equipped with a thermoelectric generator, made in the form of a housing and a set of differential thermocouples, and the passageway for hot coolant is located in the housing and the passageway for the cold coolant, moreover, the inlet pipe of the passageway for the hot coolant is connected by the channel of hot flow of the vortex tube, and with its outlet pipe - with the ground air duct, at that the inlet pipe of the passageway for the cold coolant is connected to the channel of the cold flow of the vortex tube, with its output pipe - to the room.
EFFECT: reducing the power consumption of the system of helio-thermo-cold supply by using the temperature difference of cold and hot flows of the vortex tube to generate electricity by the thermoelectric generator.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to methods and devices for providing energy to remote agricultural facilities not equipped with stationary energy supply. The method of fan concentration of solar power lies in fan concentration of solar irradiation, and the concentrated irradiation with one concentrator with a mirror reflector is transmitted to the next one. The device of fan concentration of solar power comprises paraboloidal concentrators with mirror reflectors in focus. Summation of the energy of solar irradiation is carried out by fan set of the predetermined number of concentrators with mirror reflectors in focus. The predetermined receiving power of solar irradiation is obtained by calculation of the required number of fan concentrators.
EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of the method.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: solar-wind water distiller comprises a reservoir for water desalination, a transparent condenser installed above it with a nozzle for outlet of the steam and air mixture in the upper part with a propeller installed in it and fixed on the shaft of the wind engine. A non-transparent condenser is installed above the transparent one, being connected in the upper part with a circulating pipeline, which ends with a circular distributor in the reservoir. A conical tube is fixed to the shaft on the lower and upper crosspieces, and the tube has helical triangular thread on the outer surface in the direction opposite to the rotation of the disc, with which it is partially connected. On the surface of the non-transparent condenser there are toroids, which are hydraulically communicated by pipes with a chute communicated with a pipeline with a reservoir of fresh water.
EFFECT: water distiller, if wind is available, will also work at night time.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: lighting device (1) includes several lighting sources (4) and one reflecting system, meanwhile the lighting sources (4) are located in front of the reflecting surface of the reflecting system and includes several lighting devices, located around an output hole (10) of the reflecting system. The light beam from the lighting sources (4) due to reflection is deflected towards the reference direction of radiation of the lighting device (1) by means of the reflecting system. The lighting device is fitted with the first reflecting section (2) and the convex second reflecting section (5), the first and second reflecting sections are matched to each other so that the basic light ray can be formed due to that the light from the lighting sources (4) first at first strikes the second reflecting section (5), and then the first reflecting section (2) and leaves from the lighting device towards the reference direction of radiation.
EFFECT: increasing power.
26 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to a light fixture containing light sources placed at least in the first group of light sources and in the second light sources, at that the above first and second groups of light sources are controlled separately. Light-collecting facilities collect light from the first group of light sources and convert it to beams of light sources. The light sources and light-collecting facilities are placed in the body emitting beams of the light sources. The body includes a coating containing at least one dissipating area and at least one non-dissipating area. The dissipating area receives light generated by the second group of light sources and dissipates it. Beams of the light sources pass non-dissipating areas without light dissipation.
EFFECT: development of new design for the light fixture.
13 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The first group of light sources has light-harvesting facilities placed so that they collect and convert light from the light sources to light beams of the light sources. The second group of light sources is placed in the pixel matrix, and each of them contains at least one light source controllable independently from other light sources. At least one of the above pixels is designed to emit light in the area between two of the above light beams. The light sources and light-harvesting facilities are placed in a body with coating that contains dissipating and non-dissipating areas. Light from each pixel is dissipated at the output by passing through the dissipating areas while light beams pass through the non-dissipating areas. At that at least one of the dissipating areas is placed at least two non-dissipating areas.
EFFECT: improvement in emitted light homogeneity is obtained due to that fact that in the lighting unit the light sources form at least two groups of light sources designed so that they can be controlled individually.
10 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The light assembly (10) used for a lantern (1), in particular, for lighting of roads and/or streets has adjusted light distribution. The light assembly (10) contains at least two light (11, 12) sources or two groups of the light sources, at that each of the above light sources (11, 12) or each of the above groups has individual light distribution performance, at that aggregated light distribution for the light assembly (10) is adjusted by change in light output ratio for at least two above light sources (11, 12) or groups of light sources.
EFFECT: simplifying adjustment of light distribution.
10 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: light beam that left the first output face passes along the first channel and gets to the first input surface of the first window. Light beam that left the second output face passes along the second channel and gets to the second input surface of the second window. The light beam is discharged from the device via the first output surface of the first window and the second output surface of the second window. At the same time arrangement of the first window and second window in the form of an optical wedge with mutually perpendicular cylindrical surfaces or in the form of an optical wedge with a diffraction structure with rated relief applied onto the first input surface of the first window and the second input surface of the second window provides for formation of angular divergence of the light beam, which has asymmetric angular dimensions along the vertical line and horizontal line and change of its direction, providing for arrangement of the lower border of the light beam on the surface of a landing strip, and also provision of the specified direction of the axis of maximum brightness of light beam.
EFFECT: simplified design, reduced dimensions and weight of a device and improved technology for assembly into a landing strip surface.
10 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment, namely to surgical lights. A light comprises main and supplementary light diodes mounted on a body, distributed on its surface and grouped by the main and supplementary light diodes, and a light field control. The groups of the main and supplementary light diodes are coupled both to each other, and to the light field control. The main light diodes are fixed on the body of the light with their optical axes transecting an axis of the light in the centre of a light spot, while the supplementary light diodes are fixed on the body with their optical axes creating an annular concentric light spot surrounding a main spot.
EFFECT: invention allows higher fixation reliability of the light and maintained higher luminous efficacy.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to independent electric power supply devices of navigation shore-based and sea-based equipment devices as power source for charging the energy storage units (storage batteries) with thermoelectric conversion of solar power. Plant with thermoelectric generator is intended for visual devices of navigation equipment, includes light-optical device, independent electric power source (accumulator) and storage energy device with mechanism of its being connected to this source; at that, it is equipped with thermoelectric converter (thermoelectric generator) as charging device, which converts heat solar energy to electric one, and which is placed inside solar-heat collector, the functions of which are performed with optical device on the basis of Fresnel lens, which is rigidly fixed in caustic neck (focus) of solar-heat collector.
EFFECT: invention shall provide design simplification, increase in reliability, life time and operation process at sites with navigation equipment devices.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, fabrics or other textile products including illuminated fibers, and articles manufactured from textile product and provided with light source.
SUBSTANCE: textile product includes lit-through fibers and consists of fabric manufactured from interwoven threads and warp fibers. At least some quantity of warp fibers and interwoven fibers consists of lit-through filaments. At least one part of lit-through filaments having free length is not interwoven with respective lower part of fabric. Lit-through filaments are cut and released from respective lower part of fabric.
EFFECT: improved quality of textile product and articles manufactured from said textile product.
11 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: buoyant lanterns.
SUBSTANCE: buoyant lantern has base for placement of at least one light source or illuminating aid. Light screen is connected with base of lantern. The screen has hole to be connected with base; in total the screen has closed spherical surface. Seal member is provided between light screen and base. Contact area between light screen and base is disposed lower than surface of fluid, surrounding lantern. Lantern is connected with at least one fitting element, disposed lower that level of liquid; fitting aid is anchored or being able to be anchored. At least one fitting element is connected with light screen outside base of lantern.
EFFECT: prolonged service life of lantern; improved reliability.
12 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device consists of interconnected vessels with the liquid 1, floats 2i, i = 1, …, 2, connectors 3i, i = 1, …, 2, converters of mechanical energy into electric one 4i, i = 1, …, 2.
EFFECT: solution of the problem of simplification and increase of production efficiency of electric energy for low-power self-contained units installed on moving objects.