Method and device for contoured surface formation on steel embossing shaft

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of laser processing and can be used for contoured surface formation on steel embossing shaft. Contoured surface formation represents making of macrorelief with elements dimensions of more than 20 mcm and depths of up to 150 mcm inclusively, by laser exposure with following parameters: energy density in single pulses generation mode is equal to 0.5–3.5 J/cm2, average density of energy in pulses packs generation mode is equal to 0.5–70 J/cm2 per pulse, wave length is 532–1,064 nm, pulse repetition frequency is from 1 kHz to 10 MHz, distance between pulses on part is 10–50 % of beam diameter for femtosecond laser and 10–25 % or 40–50 % of beam diameter for picosecond laser, laser beam focal plane is located on part surface, and beam travel speed is equal to or more than 100 m/s.

EFFECT: use of invention enables to increase preset relief on embossing shaft production precision.

9 cl, 3 dwg



Same patents:

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: properties of wettability of areas are changed, which are printed elements on the anodic-oxide surface of the substrate. Transforming of properties of wettability of areas of the anodic-oxide surface of the substrate is performed by applying the hydrophobic coating by jet printing device.

EFFECT: method eliminates the use of templates and additional equipment, which simplifies the process of production of printing plates.

4 cl

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and device for manufacturing moulds for engraved printing, intended for production of security papers, which uses a laser beam (2) for engraving pattern (3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3) of engraved printing directly on the surface of the moulding material (1), in particular metal, made with the ability of laser engraving. Laser engraving of the moulding material (1) is carried out in layers in several separate stages of engraving. The stages are carried out one after another with the absolute register so that the pattern (3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3) of engraved printing is gradually engraved on the surface of the moulding material (1) to the required depth of engraving. The surface of the engraved moulding material (1) is cleaned from wastes of a process of laser engraving after each separate stage of engraving, while the laser engraving unit is in the inoperative state.

EFFECT: improvement of quality of engraving.

24 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of producing plate for intaglio printing consists in programmed engraving of the plate made by computer-aided engraving tool. Artwork depth pattern is produced for, at least, a portion of bonds. Note here that said pattern comprises data on 3D elements with data on engraving depth in said plate. Artwork reference depth pattern is produced for plate to be engraved. Note here that said pattern consists of assemblage of repetitions on said artwork pattern complying with that of lines and columns and comprises data on position of said repetitions in the plate plane. Then, plate is engraved to comply with produced reference depth pattern.

EFFECT: higher quality of plates, reduced production time and costs.

9 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing offset plates by changing the wetting properties of parts of the working surface of the plates, transformation of the properties is carried out by changing the chemical composition of the working surfaces, made from silicon nitride, aluminium nitride and silicon carbide by acting on the selected parts with a stream of accelerated particles.

EFFECT: possibility to simplify and accelerate the process of manufacture, increase resolution and durability of the plates.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: in method of flexographic plates production by direct laser engraving, gaseous decomposition products or products made of separate particles (7) generated in the process of engraving are caught with the help of suction device (4) and exhausted gas flow saturated with decomposition products is purified with the help of combination of filter (5) with solid filtering material and filter (6) with buffer unit and oxidising stage.

EFFECT: increases efficiency of gases purification.

8 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to a printing matrix engraved by a laser, used for obtaining a relief image using known methods. Description is given of the printing matrix engraved by a laser, obtained through photocuring a compound on a photosensitive resin base (a), consisting of a polymerised unsaturated group and which has an average molecular mass between 1000 to 20 x 104, an organic compound (b), with a polymerised unsaturated group and average molecular mass less than 1000 and an organic silicon compound (c), with at least, one Si-O bond and not containing a polymerised unsaturated group. Content of the organic silicon compound (c), lies in the range from 0.1 to 10 % of the mass of the compound on the photosensitive resin base. Description is given of obtaining the printing matrix engraved by a laser, through formation of the given compound on a canvas or cylinder with subsequent linking and solidification under exposure to light.

EFFECT: increased resistance of the printing matrix to abrasion and to adhesion on its surface.

19 cl, 2 tbl, 12 ex

FIELD: manufacture of plates used for intaglio printing.

SUBSTANCE: method for making engraved plate with use of tool such as laser beam comprises steps of using engraving tool operating with use of data of depth card formed on base of three-dimensional raster image of printed document; similarly making intermediate engraved plates.

EFFECT: shortened time period for engraving high-quality plates, prevention of warping of plates at printing process.

21 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: processes and equipment for making printing forms for screen printing, apparatuses for screen printing.

SUBSTANCE: method for making printing forms comprises steps of melting heat sensitive material of printing forms for screen printing having film of thermosetting resin of predetermined thickness by heating thermal head for perforating holes permeable for printing ink; forming large number of shallow recesses in one side of said film. Heaters of thermal head 10 have such size that next inequalities HM > 0.6PM, HS > 0.7 PS are satisfied. Heaters are arranged at pitch PM in side of main scanning direction. Length of heaters along side of main scanning direction is equal to HM. Feed stroke at side along secondary direction of scanning is equal to PS. Length of heaters at side along secondary direction of scanning is equal to HS. Side of film opposite to its side having shallow recesses is heated due to heating thermal head 10 with output 35 mJ/mm2 or less for melting heated zone until its communication with said recesses in order to form holes permeable for printing ink.

EFFECT: possibility for thermally perforating in film individual holes permeable for typographic ink at the same output of thermal head, realization of screen printing process at using material of printing forms for screen printing containing only film of thermoplastic resin.

18 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: multicolor printing methods.

SUBSTANCE: method involves transferring positive image formed on film onto carbon-treated microporous rubber; dividing portion of microporous rubber of, for example, round shape, which had not been subjected to pulsed light treatment, into n number of sectors of different shapes; creating boundaries between sectors by exposing microporous rubber to thermal action of maximal depth. With 1.5 mm thick rubber, depth of boundary shall be at least 1.1 mm and shall not exceed 1.4 mm, said depth preferably approximating to thickness of rubber. Upon subjecting rubber to thermal action, pores are caked to define boundary, which protects sectors from mixing of inks of different colors. Resultant sectors are further charged with inks of different colors.

EFFECT: provision for creating of high-quality multicolor print.

4 dwg

The invention relates to means for printing, in particular, to methods for producing printing forms for high quality printing

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of steel sheet articles from different-depth steel sheet or strips. Billets are welded together along the butt to get the weld (7) composed by edges of steel sheet or strip workpiece. To rule out loss of quenched structure produced by heating to austenitising temperature, at least one edge of sheet or strip (8, 9) is coated before welding with thick fluid or solid powder or aerosol-like matter including at least one component increasing the strength of the weld (10).

EFFECT: higher weld strength.

28 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine for production of polar plates by laser cutting. This machine comprises bed, laser cutting assembly, cutting manipulator to drive laser cutting assembly, control system and at least one strip feeder. Strip feeder comprises manipulator for gripping, means for strip feeding to preset length and strip release means. Cutting and gripping manipulators are arranged at the bed. Means for strip feeding to preset length is arranged between gripping manipulator and strip release means. Control system is connected with cutting manipulator, gripping manipulator and means for strip feeding to preset length.

EFFECT: production of plates for lithium-ion storage batteries and super capacitors by laser technology, higher quality of plates.

10 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laser plasma welding of metals and device to this end. Invention can be used for welding of such materials as steel and aluminium by combined laser plasma effects. Welding parts are preheated in the weld area by plasma flux. Laser beam is directed to but of welding parts. Produced weld is additionally heated by plasma flux. Plasma flux is shaped to circle while laser radiation is fed via geometrical centre of circular plasma flux to said butt. Device for laser plasma butt welding of metals comprises plasma flux and laser radiation sources. Plasma flux source comprises outer and inner ring electrodes to produce plasma flux located in one plane with their geometrical centres aligned at one point. Laser radiation source can feed laser radiation via said geometrical centre.

EFFECT: intensified welding, lower rate of weld cooling, higher strength of the weld.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates for surface processing to get glossy and dull sections. In compliance with this process, surface pre-coated with first copper ply and second ply including bottom nickel ply and top chromium ply is subjected to selective removal of chromium ply on sections to be frosted. Selective removal is performed by laser displaced above the surface. Note here that laser exposure and power are adjusted to get various texture. Then, ply of noncorrosive metal containing zirconium and chromium is evaporated from vapour phase on said surface.

EFFECT: production of glossy and frosted surface sections.

5 cl

FIELD: physics, optics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a laser beam focusing head for laser cutting, a method and an apparatus for laser cutting of a metal component. The focusing head comprises a collimating lens (13) and a focusing lens (14). The collimating lens (13) and the focusing lens (14) are made of ZnS and have peripheral thickness of at least 5 mm. A deflecting mirror (15) operating at an inclination angle (α) from 40° to 50° is placed between the collimating lens (13) and the focusing lens (14) on the path of the laser beam. The laser cutting apparatus comprises a solid-state laser device (SL) emitting a laser beam with wavelength of 1.06 mcm to 1.10 mcm and power of 0.1 kW to 25 kW, said focusing head and a conveying fibre (CF) connecting the solid-state laser device (SL) and the focusing head.

EFFECT: invention provides a stable focusing position of a laser beam during cutting.

13 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to welding of at least two components 102, 104 of super alloys. In compliance with this process, mail weld 110 if made with the use of the first filler metal arranged between said components 102, 104 and weld surface 112 with the use of second filler metal made over the main weld. Spacer 506 is fitted between said components provided with optional flute 105 made along the surface 114 of weld 102, 104. Filler wire 504 is fed over preset surface 114 or inside said optional flute 105. Two lasers 700, 702 or laser 600 with connected beam splitter 604 produce first and second laser beams 508, 510. Said beams are directed at focus points 5122, 514 spaced apart through preset spacing (509), for example, 0.05-1.5 cm. First laser beam 508 is used for making of the main weld 110 with the help of fist filler metal between components 102, 104. Second laser beam 510 is used for making of the surface weld 112 with the use of second filler metal on the surface of the main weld 110.

EFFECT: perfected method.

9 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of pipes by laser welding. Laser welding comprises emitting of two laser beams along edges at open pipe upper surface. Said laser beams are transmitted via different optical fibre glass and have focused spots of diameters making over 0.3 mm. Said laser beams are emitted so that front laser beam and rear laser beam are inclined to welding direction. Note here that incidence angles are defined relative to direction perpendicular to open pipe top surface. Front laser beam falls on open pipe top surface in welding direction before rear laser beam while the letter falls on open pipe top surface in welding direction after front laser beam. Front laser beam incidence angle is set larger than that of rear laser beam. Gap between front laser beam centre and that of rear laser beam is set at open pipe rear surface equal to 1 mm and more.

EFFECT: higher quality of weld, higher yield.

17 cl, 4 dwg, 3 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: temporary beads 3 and 4 are made on thick 2 and thin 1 parts. The bead 3 height is by 3-4 times higher than thickness of part 1. Height of bead 4 is equal to height of bead 3. Bead 4 thickness is determined by equation S2=(1+Δ)·S1. Beads 3 and 4 contact surface is treated by ultrasound in ethyl alcohol. Parts 1 and 2 are secured in welding fixture. Butt joint gap and beads 3 and 4 shift at least 10% of part 1 thickness are ensured. Laser beam 5 is directed to butt joint of beads 3 and 4.

EFFECT: invention increases weld strength due to rational design of the temporary beads.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: device to manufacture items by layer-by-layer laser agglomeration of powders contains tanks for powder and powder surpluses, located between them module for item forming including table with drive of its vertical movement, device for powder supply to the table from powder tank, and powder discharge to power surpluses tank, optical laser system for agglomeration of the powder nozzles installed above the table for air or inert gas supply on the powder layer, and gas intake installed under the table with possibility of connection with vacuum system. The table is made gas permeable and is equipped with installed on its top surface of the refractory gas permeable plate intended for powder layer arrangement on its surface and agglomeration.

EFFECT: improved quality of obtained items.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: module comprises a guide belt, a movable orbital carriage mounted on the guide belt and able of travelling along it. The carriage includes a longitudinal movement drive and a moving device consisting of a carrying roller system and a gear wheel. A joint monitoring sensor, a welding wire reeling device and a handler are installed on the carriage. The handler consists of two mutually perpendicular linear guides with motors, which can move in respect to each other. The transverse linear guide is equipped by a laser welding head, a wire feeding unit, an arc welding torch, a video camera and a controller.

EFFECT: invention allows for the increase of productivity and efficiency of welding process for fixed ring pipe joints and for the improvement of welded joint quality.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: systems for cleaning rigid surfaces.

SUBSTANCE: in order to improve quality of cleaning, surface is irradiated by means of space-modulated beam of laser irradiation.

EFFECT: improved quality of cleaning surfaces.

1 cl, 2 dwg