Operating element of mole drain machine

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: operating element of the mole drain machine includes a vertical knife 1 with two L-shaped wings 2 and drainers 4 attached to the L-shaped wings 2 of a vertical knife 1 by means of ribs 2 located behind and bent upward, parallel to it, and a line connection. The drainers 4 in the cross section are formed as a Reuleaux triangle. One of the corners of Reuleaux triangle in the sections of drainers 4 is oriented vertically upwards and the line connection between wings 2 of the knife 1 and drainers 4 is implemented in the form of rigid connecting rods.

EFFECT: increased stability of the dome and walls of mole drains.

2 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: description of the soil horizons is provided with identification of degree of their gleization, samples are prepared of natural soils over horizons using the cut cylinder with small volume. Method differs in that using samples density of dry mass of soil is determined, after this work completion, and samples destruction - selection of the mixed soil sample and determination of its grain-size classification, according to ratio of content in fine soil of the particles with size exceeding dust, i.e. over 0.05 mm, to density of the soil at the pre-plotted calibration diagram the average geometric value of the filtration coefficient of p% probability of decreasing over the soil horizons considering degree of their gleization is estimated.

EFFECT: reduced R&D expenses, more rational use of funds for lands reclamation, operation of reclamation systems and use of reclaimed lands.

1 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: paraplough-aerator comprises a frame, a suction pipe with a safety spring, and a paraplough. The paraplough is rigidly attached to the suction pipe. The pipe at the lower part of the horizontal plane the spring with the stops is attached. The spring with the stops has the ability of stretching, compression and bending in the course of work and in deformation to saturate the soil with air by sucking air from the suction pipe.

EFFECT: device enables to increase water-permeability of soil, to saturate the soil with air, which thereby increases the crop yield.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: undercover soil ripper comprises milling chisel plough knife with a rack (2) and a hollow mole blade. Inside the mole blade on the shaft (6) the thrust bearings (7) are mounted. The shaft (6) is connected through the connecting insert (12) to the soil disrupter (15) in the form of a conical spring. The connecting insert (12) has left-handed threaded recesses. The housing of the hollow mole blade with the thread on both ends is cut horizontally lengthwise in half. The halves (3, 4) of the mole blade are welded to the milling chisel plough and covered by the expansion head (8) and a nut (9) with the sealing ring (10). The side slits of the mole blade housing are sealed with flat gaskets in the form of an I-beam. The spring of the disrupter in the front part is made in the form of a cylinder in the middle part in the form of a cone with the angle of expansion α=15…25°, in the rear part in the form of the rotation paraboloid y=xn, where n=0.5…0.7. The cross-section of the spring in the working part is made in the form of a wedge with an angle of inclination to the axis of the spring wire β=10…20°. The working face of the spring is coated with a layer of wear-resistant material.

EFFECT: ensuring quick assembly and disassembly of the mole blade and intensive quality soil crumbling.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a vertical blade 1 with two wings 2 having cutting edges and cartridges 3. The vertical blade is equipped with an additional cartridge 4, firmly fixed in the base of the blade 1. The cartridges are made in the form of the cylinders truncated in front part with bevels directed upwards, and are rigidly fixed to the wings. The mole plow wings are mounted symmetrically to the blade vertical axis and directed upwards relative to the horizontal axis of the blade at an angle γ=12°-35°. The water-air regime of soil is improved, the surface flow is accelerated, the resistance to siltation and erosion of mole drains is increased, the ground water level is lowered, and the process of desalination of heavy soils is accelerates during the wash.

EFFECT: long and reliable operation of mole drainage.

2 dwg

FIELD: land-reclamation, particularly drainage building in flooded irrigated lands.

SUBSTANCE: method involves digging out channel in a single drainage machine pass by plow-type ditcher; dumping dug out fertile ground on channel brows in banks; digging out trench by operative tool of drainage machine; laying drainage pipe and covering thereof with ground; filling channel with fertile ground. Fertile ground layer is loosened before trench digging out along drainage pipe laying axis, wherein width of loosened ground strip is not less than operative tool width. Loosened ground is laid on channel brows. Trench is dug out by chain operative tool of narrow drainage machine performing reverse rotation and extracted ground is placed between trench walls and drainage machine bunker to cover drainage pipe moved into trench by guiding means. Trench is backfilled with ground with the use of two pairs of banks, which provides successive filling trench with ground and loosened fertile ground.

EFFECT: increased efficiency due to prevention of trench wall compaction, reduced power inputs.

7 dwg

Kratovil // 2237777
The invention relates to the reclamation technique and is intended for the construction of mole drainage in the rice fields and regulation of water, air and salt regimes of soils

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to tillage tools for processing of saline irrigated soils

The invention relates to the reclamation construction and can be used in the construction of the collector or drainage trench or ushtrasana collector and drevolagenie machines in winter conditions

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to devices for soil at the Foundation plantations of strawberries

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a vertical rack, the mouldboards. The lower part of the rack is made pointed at the bottom and in front. The mouldboards are rigidly connected to the mounting assembly. The lower part of the rack is designed as an A-hoe with the mouldboards for furrow-formation. The rear part of the rack is attached to the paraplough with the brackets, formed as a disc blade. The disc blade consists of two truncated cones mounted opposing. The installation height of the brackets of the paraplough is adjustable. The vertical rack, adjustable in height, is mounted on the frame having two support wheels. The wheels are mounted on the cranked shaft axes hingedly on the frame. The cranked shaft axes are connected to the frame by hydraulic cylinders controlled by the hydraulic distribution valves, which are connected to the hydraulic system of the tractor. On the support wheels the ledges-switches are mounted of the hydraulic distribution valves, and on the cranked shaft axis - the levers-switches of oil supply to the hydraulic distribution valves. For aggregation the tool the hitch is provided.

EFFECT: such constructive implementation enables to increase the yield of crops by increasing the speed and volume of moisture or livestock waste and reduction of soil erosion.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises the front and rear rows of shallow concave disc blades. The front and rear rows of blades have respectively the front and rear right part and the front and rear left part, symmetrically located about the centre line of the tool. The rear right part is located behind the front right part on the right traffic lane, and the rear left part follows the front left part on the left traffic lane when the tool is moved along the field. The tool has no device coming in contact with the ground on the right traffic lane between the front right part and the rear right part, and no device coming in contact with the ground on the left traffic lane between the front left part and the rear left part. The shallow concave disc blades have the concavity of approximately 31.75 to 42.9 mm with the outer diameter of approximately 508 mm. The front left part and the front right part and/or the rear left part and the rear right part are located at an angle of approximately 18 degrees relative to a line perpendicular to the centre line. The concave disc blades are grooved.

EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the quality of soil treatment at high speeds of the tool movement.

13 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a vertical blade 1 with two wings 2 having cutting edges and cartridges 3. The vertical blade is equipped with an additional cartridge 4, firmly fixed in the base of the blade 1. The cartridges are made in the form of the cylinders truncated in front part with bevels directed upwards, and are rigidly fixed to the wings. The mole plow wings are mounted symmetrically to the blade vertical axis and directed upwards relative to the horizontal axis of the blade at an angle γ=12°-35°. The water-air regime of soil is improved, the surface flow is accelerated, the resistance to siltation and erosion of mole drains is increased, the ground water level is lowered, and the process of desalination of heavy soils is accelerates during the wash.

EFFECT: long and reliable operation of mole drainage.

2 dwg

Hinged chisel plow // 2479179

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tillage machines. The chisel plow comprises a frame with elements of mounting to the tractor hinged system, rippers mounted on the frame, and rollers-earth levelers pivotally mounted on the rear wall of the frame. The rollers consist of two coaxially located drums with a gap between adjacent teeth of the first and second drum of no more than 1.5 cm. And the rack is equipped with the soil dissector attached at its center and touching the chisel at the lower part. The chisel is mounted at an angle to the horizon of no more than 15-25°. The teeth of the rollers-earth levelers are placed along helical lines in 5-9 rows, the lines have opposite directions on different drums. The difference in length of the teeth of the first and second drum is in the range of 5-9 cm.

EFFECT: use of the invention enables to reduce the tractive resistance of the machine, to increase reliability of the technical process.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a chisel knife with a hollow cartridge. In the cartridge there is a shaft installed in bearings, with which a self-rotating mole-ripper is connected in the form of a multiple conical spiral. The mole-ripper is connected to the shaft by means of an elastic-flexible unit. The unit is made as a cylindrical spring with a limiter of its stretching arranged on it as a flexible element. Ends of the spring and the flexible element are fixed in nut couplings.

EFFECT: device design will make it possible to increase reliability of the device and to expand its functional capabilities.

4 cl, 3 dwg

Plough // 2433581

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frames with ploughshares and mouldboards, draw bars, beams, blocks, knives, a hinged device, shock absorbers, chains, left ploughshares. Each frame draw bar has a draw bar bracket and an arched bracket welded to it, and two arcs with coaxial holes are welded to them. The profile of holes in arcs complies with the profile of the left ploughshare base, but slant angles are slightly less than the slant angles of the left ploughshare base. The left ploughshare is inserted with its base into the necessary pair of arc holes at the sharp angle to the direction of movement and is fixed with a stop. The base of the left ploughshare is raised and turned relative to its working part. Also a bracket of a stabilising device is welded to the draw bar bracket with bearings installed in it, where there is an axis with a twisting spring. There is a spherical roller and two combs with teeth installed on the axis. On the hinged device there is a draw bar fixator hingedly installed and controlled with a pneumatic chamber.

EFFECT: structural design will make it possible to increase stability of ploughshare frame travel in a horizontal plane, and also to increase quality of ploughing.

10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: working element of mole crow comprises mole that consists of cone front part, central stem and cylindrical body with back cover and knives installed on it and kinematically joined by means of rods to movable spring-loaded support. On front part of central stem arranged as movable along and relative to its axis of rotation there is a cone striker-deformer installed, on cone surface of which there are helical knives fixed. At the same time on back side of stem there is a spring-loaded back cone part installed with helical knives, which is kinematically connected by means of rods, levers to body of bearing fixed with the help of bush onto front cone part and to stem support.

EFFECT: invention provides for improved efficiency of mole plowing and improved water-air mode of root-inhabited layer of soil.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Plough // 2335107

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough consists of frames with coulters and mouldboards, draw bars, beams, shoes, knives, hitch, damping devices, chains. Each plough frame is fitted with additional coulter on the left. The additional coulter is sloped at an acute angle to the line of motion with the possibility to adjust coverage by rotating it around mounting hinge. Mouldboard upper parts with curvature radius of 180 mm are fixed to draw bars. Frames are connected to beams through the draw bars and lag hinges with the possibility of rotating in relation to the beams. Each beam is equipped with a shoe and vertical knife. Back parts of the shoes are connected to the knives by hinges, pushers and cranks to ensure automatic adjustment of knife penetration into the soil depending on pressure on the shoes with cutting angle alteration. Each beam is connected to hitch by flapping hinges and is placed at the distance of 0.04 - 0.1 m from the soil surface depending on ploughing depth. Adjustable damping devices are put between each beam and hitch. Angles of rotating beams down in relation to the hitch are limited by chains, and those of rotating up - by running of damping devices.

EFFECT: improvement of quality of soil ploughed with reducing energy consumption.

5 dwg

Woodland plow // 2318369

FIELD: forest engineering.

SUBSTANCE: woodland plow has frame plow tine fixed to frame and provided with shares and moldboards converging in forward direction and formed as wedge, and shank having side mellowing devices. Shank is secured to plow tine formed plate-like and provided with front face formed as knife having negative cutting angle. Side mellowing members are made in the form of triangular wings and positioned in lower part of tine, forward of and under shares. Shank has two surfaces adjoining tine and converging in their front parts to define wedge having variable angle increasing in upward direction. Mellowing members of shank are formed wing-shaped, have span greater than mellowing members and are arranged higher than mellowing members of tine. Depth of plate-like tine is greater than that of shank.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and improved plowing quality on non-cleared cuttings of woodland plow.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: tillage and seeding apparatus has frame with self-adjusting front wheel and supporting-covering rollers, hydraulic system, two hoppers for seeds and fertilizers, grain and fertilizer seeding units, seed guides, fertilizer guides, and hoe-type shanks. Slitters are mounted on frame forward of shanks, and two cone rollers are mounted on frame behind each slitter. Screw-type straw guide and straw pusher are positioned in succession behind slitter in frame bearing. Fertilizer guide provided with point is positioned rearward thereof. Front cutting part of tine of each slitter is sharpened in double-sided asymmetrical manner at an angle α=φ, where φ is soil friction angle of slitter against soil. Inclination angles α1 and α2 forming sharpening to plane extending through slitter cutting edge are of equal value and each makes half the single sharpening angle α. Slitter tine cutting edge is offset from its mid portion so as to divide slitter tine thickness in proportion of b1=1/3b, b2=2/3b, where b is slitter thickness, b1 and b2 are distances from cutting edge of slitter tine to its right-hand and left-hand surfaces, respectively.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing complex of agronomical procedures for single pass of apparatus to thereby reduce number of passes across the field, improved ecological situation, accumulation and retention of moisture in soil, increased yield, and reduced costs of resulted products.

5 cl, 8 dwg

Ripper tool // 2251234

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cultivation tools and it can be used for deep ripping of soil. Ripper tool includes shank in form of links fitted one after the other with end piece secured on lower cut. Rear-link is made in form of resilient plate. Lower end of plate is mounted on rear part of shank, higher than end piece and is secured in place by attachment parts. Plate is made in form of equilateral trapezium whose wide base is pointed upwards. End piece is made in form of chisel installed at angle to horizontal and shank.

EFFECT: reduced energy consumption.

3 dwg

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