Printing ink or overprint varnish with renewable binding component
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to printing ink, in particular, to flexographic ink, or to overprint varnish, production method thereof and the use of nitrated lignin as a binding component. Ink or varnish contain nitrated lignin as at least one binding component. Method of producing ink or varnish includes production of nitrated lignin in the form of a solution and mixing the solution of nitrated lignin with other components. Use of nitrated lignin as a binding component in printing ink, in particular, in flexographic printing ink, or in overprint varnish using the disclosed method.
EFFECT: technical result achieved when using the method or the ink or the varnish according to the inventions is to provide sufficient heat resistance using the binding agent at least partially consisting of renewable raw material.
26 cl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a cationic electrodepositable coating composition. The cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprises a film-forming resin and a lignin-containing cationic salt resin dispersed in water. The invention also relates to a cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising water dispersed film-forming resin and a lignin containing film-forming resin wherein the lignin has not been reacted with a monofunctional compound and wherein the lignin comprises ≥5 wt % of the coating composition based on the total resin solids of the coating composition. The present invention is also directed to yet another method of making a cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising: (i) reacting lignin and epichlorohydrin to form an intermediate reaction product, and then reacting the intermediate reaction product with an amine; and (ii) reacting the reaction product of (i) with an amine and an acid.
EFFECT: raw materials from renewable and/or inexpensive sources.
20 cl, 4 ex
FIELD: paint and varnish industry, anti-corrosive agents.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to corrosion modifying agents used for covering metallic surfaces without their preliminary cleansing from corrosion products. The corrosion modifying agent comprises the following components, wt.-%: hydrolysis lignin, 19-23; oil as by-side product in caprolactam manufacturing, 5-10; thermic ortho-phosphoric acid in the concentration 70%, 17-26, and water, balance. Invention provides preparing a composition transforming rust corrosion with layer thickness up to 160 mcm that provides enhancing adhesion of applied paint and varnish materials after treatment with the proposed modifying agent significantly.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of agent.
FIELD: corrosion protection.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for oil production and can also be used in mechanical engineering, instrumentation engineering, and other branches. Composition contains 6-10% low-grade lignosulfonates, 2-5% industrial oil (spindle oil, tall oil, or MS-20 oil), 60-65% production waste, and 24-28% additive, namely primary C8-C11-amines. Production waste is, in particular, vat residues from production of synthetic fatty C10-C-acids or solid petroleum hydrocarbons: asphaltene-tar-paraffin deposits formed during production and transportation of petroleum. Use of composition increases degree of protection of metallic objects against corrosion under atmospheric precipitate conditions owing to retained high adhesion of coating formed from composition to metal, reduced porosity of coating, and prolonged period of time before appearance of the first center of corrosion attack at lower thickness of coating.
EFFECT: improved anticorrosion characteristics, simplified composition preparation technology, reduced coating formation time, and reduced expenses due to utilized waste.
2 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to powdered printing media which are suitable for sintered ceramic materials, ink compositions for ceramics, which include printing media and ceramic pigments, and to methods of decorating wet or annealed ceramic bodies using said printing media and compositions. The printing medium includes 5-50 wt % inorganic absorbent, 10-50 wt % glycol, 20-70 wt % urea and 0.1-10 wt % rheology modifier.
EFFECT: powdered printing media yield inks for ceramics, which make it possible to make decorations having a comparable or improved definition relative to inks obtained using conventional liquid media.
10 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel reactive dyes for dyeing or printing on fibrous textiles. Described are reactive dyes of formula (1), where A is bivalent radical of formula , or , R1-R7, X, T, q, s, t, u assume values given in the claim. The invention also describes a method of producing said dye, water-based ink based thereon and use thereof.
EFFECT: disclosed dyes provide high resistance of the dye or drawing on synthetic nitrogen- or hydroxy-containing fibrous materials to washing and light, especially on polyamide fibrous materials.
14 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a layered material coated with printing paint or printing lacquer. The printing paint or printing lacquer contains as binder at least one non-radiation cured aromatic polycarbonate based on geminally disubstituted dihydroxydiphenyl cycloalkane and as binder solvent at least one radiation cured monomer selected from a group comprising acrylates, methacrylates, vinyl ethers and nitrogen-containing compounds with an ethylene double bond. Said binder is dissolved in the solvent. After curing, the solvent remains in the printing ink or printing lacquer in a chemically cross-linked state.
EFFECT: invention provides high adhesion of the printing ink or printing lacquer to a base, prevents drying thereof on template glass during printing, the need for dilution thereof with a solvent and the undesirable washing off of paint from the print during pressure moulding.
16 cl, 11 tbl, 11 ex
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to use of a composition which contains: a) 0.1-20 wt % binder which contains a polycarbonate derivative based on geminally disubstituted dihydroxydiphenyl cycloalkane, b) 30-99.9 wt % solvent, c) 0-10 wt %, with respect to dry mass, dye or mixture of dyes, d) 0-10 wt % functional material or mixture of functional materials, e) 0-30 wt % additives and/or auxiliary substances or a mixture thereof, as jet printing ink. The invention also relates to a method of producing a composite and a composite which contains a polymer layer on which there is a jet printing layer of said composition.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at producing agents which enable to use jet printing in making counterfeit protected documents and/or valuable documents based on polycarbonate layers, and which enable to deposit jet printing layers on layers which meet all optical requirements, which can be coloured, wherein lamination does not deteriorate optical properties of the layers and said layers do not act as a separating layer and facilitate formation of a monolithic composite.
31 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to magnetic compositions used as ink or toner for producing pigmented magnetic materials. The magnetic composition contains particles having a core made of magnetic material and a coating surrounding the core. The pigmented magnetic layer on the substrate has a Hunter Lab colour scale L-value of at least 50. The coating of each particle is sufficiently opaque so as to completely conceal the colour of said core or an additional coating under said coating. Described also is a method of forming a pigmented magnetic layer, the obtained articles, e.g. banknotes, the protective property of the magnetic layer for the banknote.
EFFECT: disclosed magnetic compositions contain particles which are coated such that they look white, substantially white or coloured, while providing the desired magnetic properties and opening up new possibilities of producing corresponding magnetic layers on substrates.
24 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: polymer composition contains a first basic polymer (A) containing at least a thermoplastic polymer; a second basic polymer (B) containing at least a thermoplastic polymer and which is incompatible with the first basic polymer (A); and an additive (C) containing at least a substance which is incompatible with any of the first basic polymer (A) and the second basic polymer (B). The additive (C) is a liquid or suspension at temperature lower than the pyrolysis temperature of the first basic polymer (A) and the pyrolysis temperature of the second basic polymer (B). Components (A), (B) and (C) are separated from each other by a phase, and boundary surfaces, each lying between two phases (A), (B) and (C), are in contact with each other, forming spatially continuous parallel boundary surfaces. A moulded product, for example, is a filter or a spacer for refrigerators or capacitors. The polymer composition is used to produce an adhesive, ink, paint, films and fibre for a powdered catalyst.
EFFECT: polymer composition and products therefrom quasi-stably contain a large amount of substance which is incompatible with a polymer matrix, therefore suitable for obtaining moulded articles and other products having various properties.
25 cl, 10 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to curing agents for air-drying alkyd-based resins, coating compositions, such as paint, varnish, wood stain, inks and linoleum floor coverings. Described is a curable liquid medium containing a) from 1 to 90 wt % of an alkyd-based resin and b) from 0.0001 to 0.1 wt % of a siccative in form of an iron or manganese complex with a tetradentate, pentadentate or hexadentate nitrogen donor ligand.
EFFECT: said siccative has high activity and enables hardening of compositions at relatively low concentration in a curable liquid medium.
19 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed ink composition for inkjet printing includes a polyurethane material having an average molecular weight of from about 50000 to about 500000, in an effective amount of from about 0.2 wt % to about 5 wt %. The composition also includes a solvent in an effective amount of from about 5 wt % to about 20 wt %, and an anionic surfactant in an effective amount of from about 0.01 wt % to about 3 wt %. Also a method of creation of this ink composition and an ink jet printing system, comprising a substrate and the indicated ink composition is provided.
EFFECT: proposed ink composition for ink jet printing provides improved readiness for publication in an open state.
6 cl, 3 tbl, 13 ex
SUBSTANCE: described is an activator of adhesion of ink to a substrate, containing a product of reaction of (a) a polymer solution or synthetic resin, (b) sulphonic acid or derivative thereof and (c) a metal compound selected from a group consisting of a metal halide, metal alkoxide, metal halide-alkoxide or a condensed metal alkoxide, where the metal is titanium or zirconium. The amount of sulphonic acid or sulphonic acid salt (b) and metal compound (c) corresponds to molar ratio of SO3X, where X is a H atom or a base residue, to Ti and Zr atoms ranging from 0.25:1 to 2:1. The invention also describes printing ink containing said adhesion activator.
EFFECT: reduced yellowing and smell of ink compared to ink which contains titanium acetyl acetonate as an adhesion activator while preserving effectiveness of the adhesion activator.
22 cl, 4 tbl, 15 ex
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a colourless luminescent decorative paint containing a luminophor and binder. The luminophor is an organic luminophor with anomalously large Stokes shift which is greater than 100 nm, which is colourless in daylight and luminescent in the visible spectral region when illuminated with a source of UV radiation. The organic binder is a transparent organic substance which does not absorb long-wave ultraviolet radiation in the 365-420 nm range.
EFFECT: obtaining fast and stable luminescent paint which contains a colourless organic luminophor, which enables to create a latent image which appears upon illumination with UV radiation which is invisible in daylight as well as in the dark, in the absence of UV radiation, the paint ensures high strength of the polymer base of the decorative layer of the article obtained using said paint.
13 cl, 8 ex
FIELD: printing inks.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to materials generating charge, in particular to printing inks and toners for protective marking and applying protective markers in order to reveal falsifications and counterfeits. Use of counterfeit protection technology is described involving printing ink composition containing charge-generation substance and a medium, wherein charge-generation substance has maximum absorption in near IR region within a range of 700-1500 nm and in visible region within a range of 400-700 nm, this substance being compound selected from a type of polymorphous modification of X form of metal-free phthalocyanine, type of polymorphous modification of Y form and phase I and II forms of titanyloxyphthalocyanine, polymorphous modification of phase II form of vanadyloxyphthalocyanine, and polymorphous modification of phase V form of hydroxygalliumphthalocyanine and methoxygalliumphthalocyanine. Printing ink composition is applied onto an article or substrate using known printing procedure. Methods of establishing authenticity of an article or substrate are also described, which consist in determining characteristic absorption of marker in near IR region.
EFFECT: enabled effective protection of articles or substrates when using printing inks containing, for example, blue or green dyes, whose absorption bands can be shifted to infrared region and partially mask absorption properties of marker.
20 cl, 4 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: printing technique.
SUBSTANCE: set and method of printing can be used for printing light-absorbing signs of protection of printed items. Set of printing ink for printing of light-absorbing signs has at least two dyes. Any dye has at least one dyeing matter, pigment of dye which absorbs visible light. Set of printing inks has first and second groups of dyes. Dyes from first group additionally have mark with preset spectral absorption characteristic, preferably with characteristic relating to absorption. Mark has absorption maximum within wavelength range of 700-900 nm, preferably, 780 nm, and the mark practically doesn't absorb light within visible spectrum of absorption. Dyes of second group has dyeing matter, dye or pigment, which absorbs light within visible light spectrum and they have the same maximum of absorption within IR-red spectrum at wavelength around 700 nm as spectral characteristic within IR-red range of mark, Method of printing signs, printed item and set of dyes, including four-color set of printing inks and IR-mark, are described.
EFFECT: reliability of identification of authenticity of item independently on color of signs.
15 cl, 5 dwg, 2 app
FIELD: printing dyes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrate of printing dyes and a method for its preparing. Invention describes dye concentrate for offset printing in form non-sticky granules covered by envelope and/or non-sticky granules without envelope with the pigment content in its 45-65 wt.-%. Envelope-cover consists of powder-like solid materials, wax or liquid materials, for example, oil. Also, invention describes a method for preparing indicated concentrate that involves grinding dye concentrate for offset printing and its covering by envelope wherein covering by envelope is carried out by direct applying powder-like solid material on the printing dye concentrate and wherein powder-like solid materials are combined firstly with liquid carrier followed by its evaporation, or solid envelope is prepared by applying melted material useful for coating. Invention provides decreasing viscosity and stickiness of the printing dye concentrate and allows simple transporting and simple mixing with additional components.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of concentrate.
9 cl, 12 ex
FIELD: chemical industry; methods of production of the coatings with the strong adhesion.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of production of the coatings with the strong adhesion on the inorganic or organic substrate, which provides, that one inorganic or organic substrate is subjected to the treatment with the low-temperature plasma, the corona discharge or the treatment with the gaseous flame, at the normal atmospheric pressure deposit on the inorganic or organic substrate one or several photoinitiating agents or the mixtures of the at least one ethylene- unsaturated with the monomers and-or the oligomers containing at least one ethylene- unsaturated group, or the solutions, suspensions or emulsions of the above indicated substances using the suitable methods; the above indicated substances are not necessary subjected to drying and-or to the electromagnetic irradiation; and either on the preliminary so treated substrate deposit the composition including at least one ethylene- unsaturated monomer or the oligomer and the coating is subjected to hardening under action of the UF/ the visual rays emission or the electron beam; or on the substrate with such a preliminary coating made out of the photoinitiating agent they apply the printing ink coating and dry it. The method has the high efficiency and allows to produce the coating with the good adhesion and is suitable for to production of the products made out of the various plastics materials and-or metals or the glass types with the coatings having the good adhesion.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the high efficiency of the method, production of the highly adhesive coatings suitable for manufacture of the products made out of the various plastics materials, metals or the glass types.
18 cl, 19 ex
FIELD: polymer production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of polymeric binders for toner and can be used for copying appliances and printers. Process comprises separate preparation via emulsion polymerization of (i) low-molecule weight copolymer of styrene (α-methylstyrene), 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (or butyl acrylate) and methacrylic acid at monomer weight ratio (88-91.5):(8-11):(0.5-1.0) with intrinsic viscosity in toluene 0.08-1.2 dL/g and (ii) high-molecule weight copolymer of styrene (α-methylstyrene) and 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (or butyl acrylate) at monomer weight ratio (88-92):(8-12) with intrinsic viscosity in toluene 1.0-1.28 dL/g. In both cases, polymerization is carried out at 60-70% to monomer conversion close to 100%. Resulting latexes of low- and high-molecule weight copolymers are supplemented by stopper and antioxidant and then mixed with each other at "dry" weight ratio between 70:30 and 75:25 and coagulated intrinsic viscosity in toluene 1.0-1.28 dL/g. with electrolyte solutions to form polymer characterized by intrinsic viscosity in toluene 0.4-0.45 dL/g and polydispersity Mw/Mn, which ensures bimodal molecular weight distribution of copolymer. The latter has melting (spreading) point 125-137°C and softening temperature 70-75°C.
EFFECT: improved quality of electrographic printing.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: marking and identification of protected articles, such as bank-notes, service papers, labels, foil, fiber, card or industrial products.
SUBSTANCE: proposed printing ink contains dyes or pigments of expanded or hyperchromatic color space which is not reproduced by means of standard 4-color reproducing equipment. Identification of marking includes mathematical conversion of non-processed spectral information into statically independent hyperchromatic coordinates and comparison of selected hyperchromatic coordinates with respective standard magnitudes. Specification gives also description of printing inks and method of marking and identification of articles.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
25 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl, 4 ex