Method of producing dye with starch component
FIELD: pulp and paper industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of a dye with a starch component, which can be used in pulp and paper industry. Method of producing a dye with a starch component includes production of the starch component from a group of native starch or modified starch and its further reaction with an organic dye using mechanical mixing with the weight ratio of 1:1 or 1:2 respectively or adding 15-20 wt% of the dye to 5-10 % of the starch component suspension after correcting pH with subsequent spray drying. Dye is selected from any class of organic dyes.
EFFECT: obtained starch-containing dye has improved adhesion properties and improved consumer properties due to providing simultaneous colouring in a wide range of colors and surface glueing of the paper.
1 cl, 4 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pulp and paper industry and relates to a method and system of use of starches with a low content of fatty acids in the sizing composition for paper, to inhibit the precipitation of multivalent salts of fatty acids. The method of inhibiting the precipitation of multivalent saturated fatty acids on the equipment and/or devices for sizing of paper consists in using the composition for sizing the paper surface, containing elevated levels of starch solids for sizing the surface, and the source of polyvalent cations, such as drying salt of multivalent metal, by including (wholly or partially) one or more starches with low content of fatty acids for sizing the surface in the composition for sizing the paper surface.
EFFECT: invention provides a sized paper having improved properties.
24 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for coating of printing paper, at that the said compositions comprise microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and one or more polysaccharide hydrocolloids, and the application of the said compositions. In addition, the invention relates to the coated paper comprising a first layer of polysaccharide hydrocolloid(s) and a second layer of MFC, and the use of the said paper.
EFFECT: reduction of garnetting or fuzzing of paper.
20 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: cardboard comprises solid cardboard substrate of bleached sulphate pulp (BSP) and a coating applied to the cardboard substrate to form a coated structure. The said coated structure has a surface density, thickness of the sheet and the Parker surface smoothness. The Parker surface smoothness is at most about 3 microns, and the surface density is at most about Y2 or Y3 or Y4 pound/3000 foot2, where Y2, Y3 and Y4 are functions of the said thickness (X) of the sheet in points which are calculated using the equation: Y2=3.71+13.14X-0.1602X2 or Y3=3.63+12.85X-0.1566X2, or Y4=3.50+12.41X-0.1513X2.
EFFECT: invention provides a coated cardboard with increased smoothness with the required parameters of thickness and the surface density to ensure high-quality printing.
13 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: paper base is intended for internal and external sizing, which has high dimensional stability, and can be used in pulp and paper industry. Paper base contains cellulose fibers, at least one filler, and sizing agent. At that the paper base has a coefficient of hygroextension from 0.6 to 1.5%. The Scott internal constraint in the transverse direction is not greater than 300 J/m2, and/or Scott internal constraint in the longitudinal direction is not greater than 300 J/m2. Also a method of manufacturing the paper base and versions of paper base are proposed.
EFFECT: increased dimensional stability and durability of the surface of the paper base.
26 cl, 24 dwg, 15 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: paper industry.
SUBSTANCE: paper product comprises a substrate selected from paper or cardboard, and a coating on the substrate with voids in it. The coating on the substrate comprises a water soluble polymer. The water-soluble polymer is selected from a group consisting of starch, waxy corn starch, protein, polyvinyl alcohol, casein, gelatin, soybean protein, and alginates. The coating additionally comprises a crosslinking agent. The paper product is substantially free of an elastomeric material. A method of processing a substrate for the paper product comprises coating an aqueous solution of the polymer on the film substrate, fixation of an aqueous solution of the polymer by contacting of the aqueous solution of the polymer with a heated surface up to formation of voids in the film. The phase of fixation comprises at least a partial drying of aqueous polymer solution.
EFFECT: obtained paper product is characterised with improved smoothness with no increase in density and has excellent printability.
27 cl, 3 ex, 1 tbl, 17 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: paper base is designed to form a decorative material of a coating. It represents a non-processed paper containing a white pigment and/or fillers and is coated with a covering solution, containing at least one water-soluble modified starch with special distribution of molecules according to molecular weight. Also a decorative paper or decorative material is proposed to form coatings with application of the above-specified paper-base.
EFFECT: improved quality of a finished product due to increased inner strength of fixation with high non-transparency and other mechanical properties, improved stability of paper size stability and increased average size of its pores.
7 cl, 2 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method includes formation of composition, containing water, raw starch and powder optical refining agent. Boiling of composition. Application of finished composition, at least on one surface of paper or cardboard base in coating press. Then base is dried. In another version of method composition is boiled at the temperature up to 299°F inclusive.
EFFECT: improved brightness of paper and cardboard.
7 cl, 4 dwg, 8 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: paper industry.
SUBSTANCE: paper with improved rigidity and bulk and method of its manufacturing may be used in pulp and paper industry and are intended for photocopier equipment. Paper comprises three-layer double-tee structure that forms a single web. It has central core layer manufactured mainly from cellulose, bulk of which is increased with the help of filler, such as hydrazine salt. Starch-based coating is applied on both sides of core layer, at the same time starch has high content of solid products. Coating forms three-layer paper having composite structure with outer layers of high strength that surround core of low density.
EFFECT: improved strength, rigidity and resistance to twisting of produced material.
32 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: paper or cardboard of improved rigidity and bulk are meant for reproducing equipment and the method refers to production of the said paper and cardboard. The paper or cardboard has the core layer and starch-based layers applied by gluing-up on its both sides forming the uniform canvas of the double-T structure. The layers cover the upper and the lower surface of the central layer with minimal penetration to the central layer. The starch contains the filler spreading to the central layer. The starch has high content of solid products. The mass of the coating layers is 2-10 g/m2. Method for producing paper or cardboard includes the following stages: a) creation of composition containing cellulose fibers and the filler, b) formation of fibrous canvas, c) drying of the fibrous canvas, d) processing by gluing-up both sides of the dried canvas with the starch with filler and e) drying of the fibrous canvas with formation of the three-layer making the uniform canvas material with the double-T structure.
EFFECT: increased quality of paper or cardboard due to increased smoothness, decreased hygroscopic expansivity, improved fold resistance and paper rolling resistance.
30 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles; paper.
SUBSTANCE: composition is designed for refining fibrous material, can be used in the production of enamelled cardboard and paper and relates to the cellulose-paper industry. The composition contains a modified pigment and a water soluble binding substance. The pigment is calcium sulfoaluminate, modified starch or polyvinyl alcohol with mass ratio content of 0.5-1.5. The water soluble binding substance is starch.
EFFECT: resistance to fluffing and whiteness of the coating with considerable lowering of consumption of the binding substance when making the composition.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the pulp and paper industry and relates to the bases for printing with coating that provides improved printing quality and resolution capability at reduced consumption of ink. The product in the form of a paper substrate has on at least one of the first and second surfaces coating swelling under the influence of water, which thickness is less than 10 mcm. The base coating comprises some amount of pigment of coating, which is sufficient to impart at least one surface of the Parker surface evenness of about 4 and is dispersed in a binder matrix for the pigment of coating swelling under the influence of water, in a weight ratio of the coating pigment to the binder matrix of at least 2:1. The pigment of coating comprises larger porous coating pigment particles and smaller coating pigment particles in a weight ratio of at least 0.2:1. Coating of the base provides the porous surface receptive to ink.
EFFECT: invention provides enhanced printing quality and image resolution capability on paper base with coating on an inkjet printer at a reduced level of use of the ink.
57 cl, 4 dwg, 6 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: composition comprises a mixture of one of the two porous stable aggregates and precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) called grade B OCC or grade C OCC, in combination with the second OCC of non-equal-faced type (OCCNT) - the pigment of fine grinding. The ratio of grade B OCC or grade C OCC and OCC of non-equal-faced type OCCNT is selected in the range from 90/10% to 10/90% by dry weight. The content of dry weight of pigments is selected in the range from 0.3% to 5.0% by dry weight of the finished paper product. Depending on the granulometry of two OCC of fine grinding the said mixture may contain a pigment and/or filler of coarser grinding. The main criterion of selection of the pigment of "coarser grinding" is that it should have a granulometry which does not have influence on the significant deviation in the number of particles smaller than 0.2 microns, preferably less than 0.3 microns, more preferably less than 0.5 micron, the most preferably less than 1 micron.
EFFECT: composition enables to eliminate the print-through through the layer of light thin paper such as newsprint and to improve the technical properties of the paper sheet.
24 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in chemical, paint and paper industry. Aqueous mineral materials are prepared by a) providing at least one mineral material in the form of an aqueous suspension or in dry form, b) providing at least one partially or completely lithium-neutralised water-soluble organic polymer selected from a group of homopolymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid and/or copolymers of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid with one or more acrylic, vinyl or allyl monomers, wherein the molar ratio of non-neutralised acid groups is in the range of 0-10%, c) combining the at least one partially or completely lithium-neutralised water-soluble organic polymer from step b) with at least one mineral material from step a). The obtained mineral materials or aqueous suspensions thereof are used in making paper, plastic and paint.
EFFECT: invention enables to obtain material having a stable pH, low Brookfield viscosity, which remains stable over time, and requires low content of dispersant and/or grinding enhancer.
34 cl, 13 tbl, 13 ex
SUBSTANCE: dense layer of silicon dioxide is deposited on the surface of titanium dioxide particles from a gas phase, said silicon dioxide layer being doped with at least one doping element selected from a group which includes Sn, Sb, In, Y, Zn, F, Mn, Cu, Mo, Cd, Ce, W and Bi or mixtures thereof. A dense layer of silicon dioxide can be deposited on the surface of titanium dioxide from a liquid phase, said silicon dioxide layer being doped with at least one doping element selected from a group which includes Sb, In, Ge, Y, Nb, F, Mo, Ce, W and Bi or mixtures thereof.
EFFECT: invention increases photostability of titanium dioxide pigment particles.
27 cl, 18 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to produce a pigment suitable in making paper for ink-jet printing. Precipitated calcium carbonate is obtained by mixing quicklime with water in a reactor or a tank with a mixer, followed by filtration of the calcium hydroxide suspension to remove all residual contaminants and/or non-reactive quicklime. The filtered suspension is then fed into a stainless steel reactor fitted with a mixer. Temperature is kept in the range of 10-70°C, after which the suspension is fed into a carbonisation reactor, where a carbon dioxide-containing gas is bubbled through the suspension. The carbonisation step is carried out at carbonisation gas flow rate of less than 30 litres per minute per kilogram of calcium hydroxide during precipitation under normal conditions. The suspension is removed from the tank when conductivity reaches the minimum level and pH drops below 8, wherein large particles are removed through a filter. The obtained calcium carbonate can be used as a pigment.
EFFECT: invention improves the quality of ink-jet printing while reducing the cost of production of paper for ink-jet printing.
15 cl, 5 dwg, 17 tbl, 9 ex
SUBSTANCE: titanium dioxide based pigment contains titanium dioxide particles in rutile form, having a coating. The coating contains aluminium phosphate, aluminium oxide, titanium oxide and silicon oxide. The particles are characterised by specific surface area, calculated according to a Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET) equation, of at least 15 m2/g. To obtain coated pigments, an aqueous suspension of uncoated titanium dioxide particles is prepared first, followed by addition of aluminium-containing and phosphorus-containing components. Further, while maintaining pH 4-9, an alkaline silicon-containing component and at least one pH regulating component, one of which is an acidic titanium-containing component, are then added. The formed suspension is then filtered, washed and dried and the precipitate is ground to obtain coated particles.
EFFECT: invention increases opacity of decorative paper.
22 cl, 5 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in production of tissue paper. Surface-treated natural calcium carbonate is used as filler in tissue paper products, where said calcium carbonate is a product of reaction of natural calcium carbonate with an acid and carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is formed in situ by treatment with the acid and/or is fed from an external source. The surface-treated natural calcium carbonate is obtained as an aqueous suspension having pH higher than 6.0, measured at 20°C.
EFFECT: invention improves softness of tissue paper products such as facial tissue, toilet paper, ornamental paper, towels, napkins or tissue paper cloths.
47 cl, 1 dwg, 5 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: titanium dioxide based pigment, containing titanium dioxide particles, has a coating layer containing aluminium phosphate and aluminium oxide, and said layer additionally contains hollow particles. To obtain said pigment, aqueous suspension of titanium dioxide is prepared first, and aluminium- and phosphorus-containing components are then added, after which hollow particles are added and pH of the suspension is brought to 4-9. Also, aqueous suspension of titanium dioxide can be obtained at pH not lower than 10, and aluminium- and phosphorus-containing components can then be added while maintaining pH of at least 10, after which hollow particles are added. Further, pH of the suspension is brought to 4-9 and an aluminium oxide coating is then applied at pH from 4 to 9.
EFFECT: invention increases opaqueness and retention of pigment when making decorative paper.
22 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in chemical industry. The method of producing jointly ground calcium carbonate material, which contains ground calcium carbonate (GCC) and precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) with coefficient of curvature at least equal to approximately 30, preferably at least approximately 40 and even more preferably at least approximately 45, comprises the following steps: a) obtaining at least one calcium carbonate material, optionally, in form of an aqueous suspension; b) combined grinding of GCC and PCC, optionally, with at least another mineral material which is selected from talc, clay, Al2O3, TiO2 or mixtures thereof; c) optional sieving and/or concentration of the jointly ground calcium carbonate obtained after step (b); d) optional drying of the jointly ground calcium carbonate material obtained after step (b) or (c). The coefficient of curvature is defined as d30/d70×100, where d30 and d70 denote equivalent spherical diameters, relative which 30 wt % and 70 wt % particles have a smaller size.
EFFECT: invention enables to improve optical properties of enamel paper and exclude the PCC deagglomeration step.
40 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in chemical industry. The method of producing jointly ground calcium carbonate material, which contains ground calcium carbonate (GCC) material and precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) comprises the following steps: a) obtaining at least one calcium carbonate material, optionally, in form of an aqueous suspension; b) combined grinding of GCC and PCC, optionally, with at least another mineral material which is selected from talc, clay, Al2O3, TiO2 or mixtures thereof; c) optional sieving and/or concentration of the jointly ground calcium carbonate obtained at step (b); d) optional drying of the jointly ground calcium carbonate material obtained at step (b) or (c). The fraction of particles of the obtained material with size smaller than 1 mcm is greater than 80%, preferably greater than 85%, more preferably greater than 90% and even more preferably greater than 95%. BET specific surface area is less than 25 m2/g.
EFFECT: invention enables to increase lustre of enamel paper.
44 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the fur industry and can be used in finishing ship-fur and fur half-finished products. The composition for colour finishing of fur coat contains products of dissolving collagen, dexpanthenol, an acid dye and water, wherein components of the composition are foamed by mixing in a double-blade mixer with a revolution speed.
EFFECT: composition improves aesthetic and colour properties, increases lustre of the fur coat, reduces susceptibility to felting, thereby preserving heat-insulating properties.