Method of mining on asteroid using artificial light

FIELD: astronautics.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to development of space environment resources using accordingly fitted spacecrafts (SC). SC approaches to asteroid (1), covering it from both sides with manipulators (2). Materials collection unit (4) is moved and installed using special manipulator (5). Antenna (6) is deployed with help of manipulator (7). Energy from spherical solar battery (3) is supplied to multi lamp projector with concentrating light optical system installed in unit (4). Melted asteroid surface layer with it to form holes. Fused material is taken from holes, cooled, castings are placed in storage, from where they are periodically taken by separate SC operating between Earth and asteroid.

EFFECT: production of limited mass of minerals on asteroid using solar energy.

4 cl, 35 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: ultrasonic drag head is designed for drilling of ground to the depth of up to 2 metres at the speed of up to 20 mm/min per passto take samples without changing the composition. Drag head consists of an ultrasonic oscillating system with a working tool, an ultrasonic generator and a control system. Ultrasonic generator and control system are fixed on a space lander. On a waveguide of ultrasonic oscillating system there installed is a frame on which heat-insulated containers to take ground samples with a turning opening/closing mechanism, heat accumulators and a passive temperature stabilisation system are fixed. Ultrasonic oscillating system is equipped with a temperature sensor of drag head containers, which is connected to the control system of drag head. Sizes of each next element of the ultrasonic oscillating system are chosen based on compliance with resonant frequency of piezoelectric converter.

EFFECT: invention is able to take ground samples without thermal destruction and evaporation of volatile components.

6 dwg

Drag head // 2501952

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: drag head includes a drilling machine with a control system and a penetrator, which is fixed on a space lander. Heat insulated containers for soil sample excavation are fixed on the penetrator. The drilling machine is equipped with a temperature sensor of a penetrator tip, which is connected to the control system of the drilling machine.

EFFECT: invention allows improving quality of obtained soil samples.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: method includes erection of the main and auxiliary shafts with a drilling rig from a shelter building, installation of sealing and heat-insulating ramps in shaft collars. One of the auxiliary shafts is erected in the form of a microscope, drilled from an exploratory well by means of its expansion from an inner mine tunnel until reaching the surface of an nonterrestrial object and used as a saving shaft, which on the surface via a gate chamber contacts with a landing complex of a spacecraft. In the saving shaft in the area of its connection with the inner mine tunnel there is a sealing heat-insulation ramp installed, drilled solids are distributed into a crater of the nonterrestrial object.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to carry out salvage operations and to ensure the necessary ventilation in mines and pits, and also to establish a connection between the shafts on the nonterrestrial object surface.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering. Proposed device comprises pipeline 5, assembly to transfer container via pipeline and assembly to prepare and load container. The latter comprises rotary support 8 arranged on fixed support 7, bush 18 to accommodate container 17 and container cover 18. Transfer assembly comprises housing 19 accommodating gas-tight sleeve 20 representing, in initial position, a flat tape. Sleeve open end is tightly jointed with housing 19. Space 22 is communicated via air line 11 and start-and-shut-ff valve 12 with compressed gas source 10. Bush 16 has spring-loaded flange 24 and is locked by pyro cotter 27. Cover 18 is locked by pyro cotter 28. Support 8 is also locked by pyro cotter and provided with spring pusher 31 with rod 32 to displace transfer assembly, together with bush 16 and container 17, to under cover 18. Pyro cotter 27 operated, container 17 is closed by cover 18. Pyro cotter 28 and valve 12 operated, sleeve 20, straightening under gas pressure, displaces container 17 along pipeline 5. Delivery of container into autolander from any direction.

EFFECT: higher versatility of proposed device.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining, particularly to methods of building of isolated sealed mines, grooves and mountain-drilling rooms, used for shelter of people, and also for introduction of exploration work and field development of minerals in geological material of nonterrestrial objects. Building method of mines and grooves on nonterrestrial objects includes opening of top horizons by one of shanks, opening of bottom horizon through main shank and delivering of rock from deepening of each shank and horizon by adjacent shank. Structure of main and auxiliary shanks is implemented by boring machine with headstock from building structure - shelter, connected to spacecraft. After spudding of one or other shank on its mouth there are installed sealing and heat insulating shelves. There is continued construction at the outset of auxiliary shank, opening top horizon, then it is continued construction of main shank, top horizon connects both shanks. Delivery of rock from passing of each shank and horizon is implemented by adjacent shank through building structure - shelter and chamber gate by means of carriage bogie. Top horizon is continued to construct up to inlet to lip of nonterrestrial object, outlet of horizon is equipped by chamber gate.

EFFECT: invention provides safe of drilling activities implementation and to reduce material expenses.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to processing lunar soil and production of helium-3 (He3) on the Moon, including its back side. The complex of facilities for production of (He3) from the lunar soil consists of a source of micro-waves of super-high frequency installed on the lunar surface, and also of control equipment. The source of micro-waves of super-high frequency radiates waves onto a section of lunar soil surface covered with transparent for radiation elastic pressurised jacket; further He is withdrawn from the zone covered with the jacket, is liquefied and collected. The control equipment is installed in points of libration (Lagrange points) of system the Earth-the Moon and is designed to re-translate a control signal to the back side of the Moon.

EFFECT: simplification of process and equipment for production of helium-3 (He3), and also possibility to produce helium-3 (He3) not only on visible side of the Moon, but on its back side.

3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: complex of development tools fro obtaining He3 from lunar soil includes draft gear, drag head, transporter, and receiving and processing unit. Draft gear is made in the form of two similar devices with removable ground traction boosters attached symmetrically at the opposite sides of the draft gear. Receiving and processing unit is placed beyond excavation zone. Receiving tool comprises a number of lunar soil banks obtained by soil casting from excavation zone to the processing unit. At that, the complex includes receiver-emitter device mounted at the draft gear for preliminary soil heating.

EFFECT: improved equipment operation efficiency and energy savings.

8 dwg

The invention relates to the cosmic energy, as well as ways and means to protect Earth from dangerous space objects: asteroids, comets, and space debris

The invention relates to the development of soils using earthmoving machinery on the moon

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas-discharge (plasma) instruments for testing of spacecraft to leaks. Device comprises case (8) with intake chambers (9-11), sealed shutters (12, 13) and ionisation sensors (IS). The latter comprises ion source with electron gun (EGS) (1), accelerating screen (2) and grounded screen (3-5), deflecting plates (6) and ions receiver (IR) (7). Mike sensor (14) and thermocouple sensor (15) are arranged in the area of intake chambers. IR (7) is connected with amplifier (16), control board (17), receiver (18) and GPS antenna (20), feeder (19), main antenna (21) and PROM (22). EGS (1) develops the flow of electrons between screens (2) and (3) for ionisation of gas. With no electric field at plates (6) ions of the component being registered flow into IR (7). Change in expulsion pulse at screen (2) and field at plates (6) allows the separation of ions so that IR (7) receives ions of only identical mass. Gas flow after intake chamber and ionisation zone (2, 3) acts on sensors (14, 15) to activate them at notable gas efflux at close leak points. At remote leak points, registration is executed with the help of IS. Changeover of sensors (14, 15) and IS occurs automatically. Signal from IR (7) via amplifier (16) comes to board (17) which collects and codes the data on location and characteristics of leaks to be transmitted to PROM (22). Precise coordinates and tome from GPS are fed from receiver (18) and antenna (20). Spacecraft pilot controls board (17) via device (19) and antenna (21).

EFFECT: higher precision and validity.

1 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates mostly to tools used by an astronaut in open space. The device comprises a body from a chemically, thermally, mechanically stable and γ-permeable material. In the body there is one or more dead threaded cavities with a conical surface at the inlet. A sampler with a responsive conical surface providing for sealing of the cavity during contact of both conical surfaces is screwed into the cavity. A metal plate is fixed to the body, the cut in which produces a handle to grip the body by an inflated glove of the astronaut's spacesuit. On the Earth the device in the assembled and sealed form is sterilised by γ-radiation. On the orbit the cosmonaut holding the body by the handle extracts the sampler from the cavity. After sampling and sealing of the sampler the device is returned to the Earth for analysis.

EFFECT: ensuring sampling from the outer surface of space objects by an astronaut in a spacesuit and their isolation from the environment, including a medium of pressurised compartments of these objects.

2 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protective means at transportation and docking/separation of spacecraft and their parts, particularly, to CubeSat-type hardware (pico-satellite, PS). Container housing (1) comprises four lateral walls with guides of C-like cross-section at inner surface of two opposite walls. Said guides cover PD side ribs at transportation. Rear wall (3) with container carrier handle (6) is provided with captive screws (7) to lock PS inside the housing. Turn cover (5) is secured at housing (1) with the help of lead-in frame and provided with service cover (17). Closed cover (5) is locked by captive screws (8) while open cover is locked by permanent magnet with bracket (10). Opposite polarity compensation magnet (12) is located on opposite wall. PS delivered in container aboard the spaceship, in particular ISS, is tested and placed outside the station sealed compartment for long-term experiments in open space. After said tests, PS is placed on the container and returned to the earth. To launch the PS to open space, turn cover (5) is opened and locked by magnet. Then, astronaut pushes container by handle (6) in direction of PS separation.

EFFECT: enhanced performances.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises moving frame with thrusts, bed with sealed container support platform, mobbing frame drive, backup drive, gear wheel, crank, spring-loaded link, gear, sealed container with spherical supports, brackets and gear quadrant.

EFFECT: higher reliability of equipment retention.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering and can be used to deliver spherical objects by crew of manned spacecraft (SC) from SC working compartment onto SC external surface and further to object final orbit. The device contains holder to which hemispherical container is attached, brace for safety tether fixing, retainer element located inside container, not less than three levers placed along edge of container and extending out of container edges, lever positioner, removable flexible fastener and detachable connection of clamp and container. Each lever is provided with adjustable holding-down mechanism made as spring installed between lever and container and adjustable limiter of distance between points of spring resting on lever and container. Holder is made as handle the size of which corresponds to size of astronaut's spacesuit glove, and the fastener is made capable to incorporate an object placed into container.

EFFECT: technical result consists in excluding possibility of object loss in outer space during its delivery and providing object movement in required direction when delivery has been finished.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measurement equipment and may be used to measure the condition of the surface of the spacecraft, and also other surfaces in a nanometer range. The scanning probe microscope combined with the spacecraft comprises a measurement unit, including a probe module with at least one probe, a scanning device and a unit of probe module approach with at least one measurement zone, and also a control unit that may interact with the measurement unit. The measurement unit is located outside the spacecraft comprising a tight body and is coupled with it by means of a connection element. The measurement zone is located on the outer surface of the tight body.

EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities.

11 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed chisel has comprises rod with working section having "П"-like cutout with cutting edge made at cutout dead section. Cutout width in cutting edge area approximates to processed metal part thickness and expands towards cutout open part. In compliance with another version, chisel working part has U-like Cutout with width in working edge area approximates to thickness of nonmetallic material.

EFFECT: possibility to cut in open space.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: ultrasonic drag head is designed for drilling of ground to the depth of up to 2 metres at the speed of up to 20 mm/min per passto take samples without changing the composition. Drag head consists of an ultrasonic oscillating system with a working tool, an ultrasonic generator and a control system. Ultrasonic generator and control system are fixed on a space lander. On a waveguide of ultrasonic oscillating system there installed is a frame on which heat-insulated containers to take ground samples with a turning opening/closing mechanism, heat accumulators and a passive temperature stabilisation system are fixed. Ultrasonic oscillating system is equipped with a temperature sensor of drag head containers, which is connected to the control system of drag head. Sizes of each next element of the ultrasonic oscillating system are chosen based on compliance with resonant frequency of piezoelectric converter.

EFFECT: invention is able to take ground samples without thermal destruction and evaporation of volatile components.

6 dwg

Drag head // 2501952

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: drag head includes a drilling machine with a control system and a penetrator, which is fixed on a space lander. Heat insulated containers for soil sample excavation are fixed on the penetrator. The drilling machine is equipped with a temperature sensor of a penetrator tip, which is connected to the control system of the drilling machine.

EFFECT: invention allows improving quality of obtained soil samples.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fueling serviced satellites. System mounted at attendant spaceship comprises docking means, fluid transfer means, valve access cover handling means, fluid pipelines connectors and disconnectors, sensor to define relative displacement between valve cover handling means and fluid opening, positioner of said means, control means of said appliances composed of mixed independent/remote control system. Proposed method comprise transmitting visual images, incising protective thermal coating, removing fueling valve cover, connecting fuel pipeline, fueling said tank and disconnecting fuel pipeline therefrom. Attended satellite tools comprises interchangeable socket modules, bearing structure, socket module holder, socket drive mechanism and clamping mechanism.

EFFECT: longer service life.

74 cl, 20 dwg

Retainer // 2351811

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to retainers used to fasten cargoes delivered aboard the cargo rocket to the international space station. The proposed retainer comprises rings with hooks and adapters linked up with the said hooks. Aforesaid adapters have larger diameter collars arranged nearby the said hooks as well as smaller diameter collars. The retainer incorporates a bearing spring, its end being wound up on the adapters ends, and an arimide fabric boot fitted on the spring whereon an arimide thread is wound up very tightly, from hooks to adapter larger diameter collars.

EFFECT: higher reliability in prolonged operating in space at abnormal temperatures, longer life.

2 dwg

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