System and process for conversion of greenhouse gas ejections into carbon credit

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: claimed system comprises the device (100) to decreased the carbon emissions and carbon credit control server. The device (100) consists of the fuel data control module (110), idling limitation module (120), carbon dioxide emission limitation calculation module (130) and carbon credits conversion module (140). Note here that module (110) can define the fed fuel grade and volume and generate the data on measured volume of fed fuel. Besides, said module (110) can define the volume of consumed fuel, generate, store and control the data on fuel volume measurement. Module (120) can minimize the fuel feed into the engine for fuel consumption limitation at idling without fuel control pedal depression for a preset time interval. Besides, it normalizes the fuel feed at depression of said pedal. Module (130) can generate the data on reduction of the carbon dioxide emission. Module (140) can read off the data on reduction of carbon emission, index the history of economy value conversion and convert the carbon emissions to obtain the carbon credit. Carbon credit control serves can get the ID data on the user, the vehicle ID data, the data on carbon credit authenticity confirmation and the data on carbon emission reduction from appropriate device connected via data communication network. Besides, said server can generate and transfer the data to the carbon elision reduction device. This invention discloses the emitted carbon dioxide volume reduction in the vehicle and conversion of emissions into carbon credit.

EFFECT: decreased ejection of greenhouse gases of vehicles.

11 cl, 8 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: motors and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: in control device for internal combustion engines the pressure sensor (34) inside the cylinder is intended for measurement of pressure P in the cylinder of the internal combustion engine (10). When consecutive or almost consecutive premature ignition is detected by the pressure sensor in the cylinder (34) the control unit hinders the control of suppression of consecutive occurrence of premature ignition when Pmax during premature ignition is low, in comparison with when Pmax during premature ignition is high.

EFFECT: ensuring balance between prevention of excessive rise of the piston temperature and prevention of deterioration of various operational characteristics of internal combustion engines as a result of control applied for suppression of abnormal combustion even when abnormal combustion happens consistently or almost consistently during a series of cycles.

5 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in automotive vehicles equipped with ICEs. ICE device comprises vehicle motion external conditions detection unit, vehicle speed computation unit, target output characteristic setting unit and output characteristic variation unit. Said vehicle motion external conditions detection unit can detect vehicle external on-rod motion conditions. Said vehicle speed computation unit computes vehicle speed under detected motion external conditions. Said target output characteristic setting unit can decrease ICE output parameter corresponding to accelerator position variation as vehicle speed difference between recommended vehicle speed and a actual speed. Besides, it can set target ICE output characteristic acceptable for constant motion at recommended vehicle speed when difference between recommended speed and actual speed equals zero. Said output characteristic variation unit can vary ICE output characteristic to target output characteristic. Invention discloses the ICE output characteristic control device implementation.

EFFECT: normal fuel consumption irrespective of different driving techniques.

13 cl, 25 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. EGR system diagnostics in diesel consists in determination of gas temperature and pressure in intake and discharge pipes to construct the model for determination of temperature decrease y=ΔT in EGR coolant by engine control unit. Note here that said model vector parameter θ and input vector x. Engine control unit is used to calibrate the model calibration for estimation of system shift h0 and calculation of the set of primary discrepancies ε (θ0, x, ΔT), starting from model formula and with application of calibration phase results. Calculation of the set of perfected discrepancies εN0) is executed by mathematical formula subject to the quantity of specimens subjected to diagnostics tests. Engine control unit is used to calculate the diagnostics index S by mathematical formula incorporating correlation matrix R0 calculated for sound system. Said diagnostics index S is used for evaluation of EGR coolant efficiency.

EFFECT: ruled out temperature gages in EGR coolant.

6 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to internal combustion engine start control systems. The internal combustion engine has a throttle for control of volume of suction air and performs starting by means of cranking. The starter switch detects initiation of cranking, and the sensor of cranked shaft rotation angle determines rpm of the engine. The controller actuates a throttle in the closed position along with initiation of cranking. The controller can get both negative pressure at the inlet for fuel evaporation stimulation, and the suction air volume necessary to maintain idle rpm, by means of counting of number of steps or rpm of the internal combustion engine from initiation of cranking and throttle opening from the closed position when the counted number reaches the pre-set value.

EFFECT: ensuring of throttle regulation by creation of negative pressure at the inlet at simultaneous feeding of the respective volume of suction air.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines, particularly, in selective catalytic recover systems. Invention relates to fluid feed system wherein fluid is fed via delivery device (230) to container (205), particularly, to at least one consuming point (250). This process consists in determination of air presence at the inlet of delivery device (230). In case air presence is revealed, delivery device (230) output is decreased as compared to normal operating conditions. Invention discloses fluid feed system, carrier with fluid feed system and machine readable carrier.

EFFECT: decreased amount of undesirable exhaust gases in selective catalytic reduction system.

23 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to vehicle engine control. Engine control device limits crank angle value updating based on signal from crankshaft rotation detector during time period from the moment when starter gear movement actuator is made operational till the moment when starter gear rotating drive is made operational. Also, control device updates crank angle after starter and crankshaft gears engagement is completed. Proposed invention also relates to engine starting device comprising starter and above mentioned control device, as well as to method of control according to above mentioned control device and vehicle.

EFFECT: prevention of erratic crank angle determination due to noise occurrence in rotation angle sensor.

12 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. ICE effective power controller comprises detector of requests for braking designed to reveal is braking request is executed and controller. Controller is programmed to limit ICE effective power when braking request job is executed and to inhibit the limitation of said power during the preset time interval of limitation disabling when braking request job terminates. Besides, it is designed to decreased limitation inhibit time when preset definite condition is satisfied. Invention covers also the ICE effective power control process.

EFFECT: carrier braking by brake pedal depression in case accelerator pedal fails.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in automotive vehicles equipped with ICEs. Control device is mounted at carrier. Said carrier comprises engine to run on first fuel and second fuel, second fuel being characterised by smaller emission. Device comprises fuel changing components to select between first and second fuel to be fed into engine. It comprises catalyst arranged in engine exhaust system and catalyst wear detector. Control device is designed to control catalyst wear when carrier operating range corresponds to that suitable for wear detection when fuel changing device feeds first fuel to the engine.

EFFECT: control device controls catalyst wear after carrier operating range corresponds to that suitable for wear detection when fuel changing device feeds second fuel to the engine.

7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device serves to detect flow rate meter (11) malfunction when deviation factor, i.e. deviation of estimated sucked air volume deviation relative to actual volume measured by air flow rate meter (11) exceeds reference magnitude for determination of malfunction proceeding from ICE (1) rpm. As engine rpm decreases, upper extreme criterion of diagnostics increases while lower one decreases to narrow the range of defining of air flow meter defect availability Therefore, said diagnostics can be executed over the entire ICE (1) rpm range without deteriorating the performances of off-gas exhaust system which can be caused by flaws in air flow meter (11).

EFFECT: flaw detection at low volumes of sucked air.

7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICEs. Proposed device serves to detect flow rate meter malfunction when deviation factor, i.e. deviation of estimated sucked air volume deviation relative to actual volume measured by air flow rate meter exceeds reference magnitude for determination of malfunction proceeding from ICE rpm. Proposed device defines normal operation of air flow rate meter when engine rpm exceeds or equals preset rpm provided the deviation is smaller than or equals reference value. It maintains, besides, the current result of determination when ICE rpm is smaller than predefined magnitude under particular conditions. This allows determination, proceeding engine rpm, if air flow rate meter operation is normal or is current result of determination is invariable.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed method of diesel (1) control consists in generating automatic oscillation of fuel feed device (7). On a sensor (6) signal at load decrease to magnitude smaller than 30% of rated value the fuel feed device position pickup (7) is used to feed signal from speed automatic controller (10) of control unit (13) and frequency generator via current sinusoidal oscillations of amplitude and frequency oscillator (12). Said oscillator (12) is timed by crankshaft turn angle transducer (5) with its angular position. Invention covers also the diesel control at low feed and minimum stable rpm.

EFFECT: lower minimum stable rpm at load and idling.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICE application in various machines incorporating an electromechanical transmission. The proposed method of stabilising the ICE minimum specific fuel rate by automatically adjusting the ICE operating conditions via a feedback circuit connected to the electromechanical transmission components consists in presetting the engine shaft rpm corresponding to the minimum specific fuel consumption, measuring the said shaft rpm variation at varying outer moment of resistance, comparing the resulted value with the preset one, amplifying the difference signal and feeding it to the AC generator excitation current control circuit input to make the aforesaid moment to comply with that developed by ICE. Note that at the same time, the electric power accumulator output voltage is measured and compared with two preset levels. Given any departure from the aforesaid preset levels, a signal is generated to cut off the ICE in case the voltage exceeds the preset level, or to cut in the ICE in case the measured voltage is lower than the preset one that allows operating the ICE in intermittent service.

EFFECT: stabilisation of minimum specific fuel rate and optimisation of ICE operating conditions at varying electromechanical transmission engine loads, simpler ICE design.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; engines.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for disconnection of engines in case of emergency situations and to compression brakes of engine trucks. Device for emergency shutting down of internal combustion engine and deceleration of vehicle by engine contains member for closing section of intake pipe line, closing member position setter and compressed air source. Closing member position setter is made in form of crankshaft speed limit pickup, oil pressure drop pickup, cooling liquid temperature rise pickup, and engine retarder control pushbutton. Intake pipeline section closing member is made in form of spool series-connected by pneumatic cylinder, in upper part of which calibrated hole communicating with atmosphere is made with fuel-feed valve connected with fuel-feed main line and with each of above-indicated pickups through check valve, and signal lamp and with engineering retarder control pushbutton and is connected in series with compressed air source. Pickups and engine retarder control pushbutton are connected in parallel.

EFFECT: improved reliability and efficiency of engine in operation, enlarged functional capabilities.

1 dwg

The invention relates to engine and can be used to control the internal combustion engine with raspredelennym sequential fuel injection and spark ignition

The invention relates to engine, in particular to a device for the automatic translation engine to idle

The invention relates to automatic control of engines, in particular to the means for automatic protection of diesel engines in case of emergency situations at the time of start

The invention relates to engine, in particular to control systems for internal combustion engines

The invention relates to the field of engineering, namely, internal combustion engines, assembled from individual modules

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to SCR system for exhaust gases cleaning. The cooling method of the dosing unit (250) of the reducing agent after flow termination of the exhaust gases is performed by the reducing agent supplied in it. Method also contains work stage of the supply unit to feed the specified cooling reducing agent with power decreased in comparison with operation under standard mode. Invention also relates to software with program code (P) for computer (200; 210) to implement the method according to the invention. Besides, the invention relates to SCR system and mechanical transportation vehicle equipped with SCR system.

EFFECT: more effective cooling of the dosing unit of SCR system after flow termination of the exhaust gases in SCR system.

17 cl, 5 dwg

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